Karel B. Absolon Collection

Laupus Library Manuscript Collection, LL 02.16
Absolon, Karel B.
Physical description
3.174 Cubic Feet
Preferred Citation
Karel B. Absolon Collection (LL 02.16), The William E. Laupus Health Sciences Library, East Carolina University, Greenville, North Carolina, USA.
Laupus Library History Collections
No restrictions

The Karel B. Absolon Collection is comprised of Absolon family papers and Karel B. Absolon's research and collecting interest, particularly Theodor Billroth. The papers relating to Absolon's family span three generations and include Karel B. Absolon, Karel Absolon, Willibald Absolon, and Jaroslav Bakes (a cousin to Karel Absolon). Karel B. Absolon's primary research interest was Austrian abdominal surgeon Theodor Billroth (1829-1894). Absolon also collected items related to European, primarily men, in the science field. The collection includes correspondence, translations, prints, photographs, articles, ephemera, and original documents.

Biographical/historical information

Surgeon and medical historian Karel B. Absolon was born on 1926 March 21 in Moravia to Karel and Valerie Absolon. After attending medical school for one year, he immigrated to the United States from Czechoslovakia due to the Communist takeover in 1948. In 1953, he graduated from the Yale University School of Medicine and ten years later earned his master's degree in physiology and a doctorate in surgery from the University of Minnesota. Over his career, Absolon worked at the National Heart, Lung and Blood Institute at National Institutes of Health; the Veterans Administration facility in Danville, Illinois; and served as chief of surgery at Washington Hospital Center. He wrote over 500 peer-reviewed articles and over 20 books on surgery and medical history, including a three-volume biography on Austrian abdominal surgeon Theodor Billroth. Absolon married Mary Joan Bendix and they had Fritz, Peter, Mary (Herber), John, and Martha (Delehanty). He died on 2009 October 2.

Karel Absolon (1877-1960) was a Czech archaeologist, geographer, paleontologist, and speleologist. He was born 1877 June 16 to Willibald and Karla (Wankel) Absolon. He was the grandson of paleontologist Heinrich Wankel. In 1925, near Brno in Moravia, he discovered the "Venus of Dolní Věstonice" figurine dated circa 29,000–25,000 BCE. During his lifetime, Absolon was the custodian of the Moravian Museum in Brno, a professor of paleoanthropology at the Charles University in Prague, worked on the systemic mapping of the Moravian Karst, and explored karstic caves in the Balkans, France, and England. He died 1960 October 6.

Austrian Theodor Billroth is considered the founding father of modern abdominal surgery and was instrumental in establishing the first modern school of thought on surgery. Christian Albert Theodor Billroth was born 1829 April 26 in Bergen auf Rügen, Prussia. He studied at the University of Greifswald, the University of Göttingen, and Humboldt University of Berlin, earning his degree from the last in 1852. From 1853 to 1860 he was an assistant in B. R. K. Langenbeck's surgical clinic in Berlin; at the end of his tenure there, he received a double appointment as professor of surgery and director of the surgical clinic the University of Zürich. In 1858, Billroth married Christine Michaelis, and they would have four daughters and one son, but only three daughters would survive to adulthood. Among his many accomplishments, he performed the first esophagectomy, the first laryngectomy, and the first successful gastrectomy for gastric cancer (after many ill-fated attempts), as well as publishing. In addition to his medical developments, Billroth was one of the first to attempt scientific analysis of music, was a talented violinist and pianist, and was a lifelong friend of composer Johannes Brahms. Brahms sent his compositions to Billroth for his opinion prior to sending them for publishing. Billroth was a regular participant in rehearsals of Brahms's chamber works. Billroth died 1894 February 6 in Opatija, Austria-Hungary (now Croatia).

Heinrich Wankel (1821-1897) was a Bohemian paleontologist and archaeologist. He was born 1821 July 15 to Damian and Magdalena (Schwarz) Wankel in Prague. He attended German schools in Prague, and studied medicine at the University of Prague under Josef Hyrtl. In 1849, Wankel lived in Blansko where he worked as a medical doctor, but also began geological exploration of the area and later branched out to include paleontology, archaeology, and anthropology. In 1850, he set up one of the first labs to research fossil bones from the Cenozoic Era. At the lab, Wankel assembled a complete skeleton of a cave bear. His most famous discovery came in 1872, when he discovered a burial site in the Býčí skála (Bull Rock) cave of a nobleman from the Bronze Age with skeletons of 40 ritually killed young women. In 1851, he married Eliska Šímová, and they had Aurélie, Lucie (m. Franz Bakeš), Karla (m1. Karel Absolon, m2. Edward Bufka), Vlasta (m. Jan Havelka), Madlena, and Leopoldina. Aurélie died before the age of two and Leopoldina lived less than a month, but the other four girls survived to adulthood and became involved with ethnography. Wankel died 1897 April 5 in Olomouc, Czech Republic.

Scope and arrangement

The Karel B. Absolon Collection is comprised of Absolon family papers and Karel B. Absolon's research and collecting interest, particularly Theodor Billroth. The papers relating to Absolon's family span three generations and include Karel B. Absolon, Karel Absolon, Willibald Absolon, and Jaroslav Bakes (a cousin to Karel Absolon). There are several items related to Willibald Absolon, including high school diplomas, doctoral degree, baptismal records, and assignments to hospitals while earning medical degree. These items are primarily in German. Also included with the Absolon family papers items related to Karel Absolon (1877-1960), who was a Czech archaeologist and cave explorer who discovered the Venus of Dolní Věstonice figurine that is dated circa 29,000-25,000 BCE. A replica of the figurine is included, along with archaeological related items. The majority of the Absolon family papers series belonged to Karel B. Absolon (1926-2009) who was a surgeon and medical historian. Correspondence, published medical articles, medical article drafts, and papers related to his research and professional career are included.

Karel B. Absolon's primary research interest was Austrian abdominal surgeon Theodor Billroth (1829-1894), culminating in publishing Surgeon's Surgeon, a three-volume biography on Billroth. Items include papers original to Billroth, as well as information from Absolon's research. Absolon translated hundreds of Billroth's letters into English, and even visited various sites in Europe associated with Billroth doing research. Also included in this series are Absolon's correspondence while doing research, articles written about Billroth, and various prints, ephemera, and coins to commemorate Billroth.

The last series is comprised of drawings, photographs, and ephemera of European, primarily men in the science field. Included are those who were surgeons, physicians, anatomists, biologists, and others related to the sciences. There is not one specific era or subject represented, but rather a broad scope covering from the early 17th century to the second half of the 20th century. Heinrich Wankel, Karel B. Absolon's great-grandfather, was a Bohemian palaeontologist and archaeologist. Included in this series is Wankel's journal from 1843-1845, along with other Wankel family documents.

Administrative information
Custodial History

2001 January 16: manuscript material and illustrations. Gift of Dr. Karel B. Absolon of Rockville, Maryland.

2002 September 5: manuscript material and illustrations. Gift of Dr. Karel B. Absolon of Rockville, Maryland.

2007 September 15: books and pamphlets. Gift of Dr. Karel B. Absolon of Rockville, Maryland.

2010 June 30: one letter, one photograph, and six postcards. Gift of Mrs. Karel B. (Mary T.) Absolon of Rockville, Maryland.

2012 June 6: one illustration and five inches of manuscript material. Gift of Mrs. Karel B. (Mary T.) Absolon of Rockville, Maryland.

2016 July 1: Theodor Billroth, Heinrich Wankel, and Karel Absolon archival materials and papers. Approximately 1 cubic foot. Gift of Mary T. Absolon of Edina, Minnesota.

2017: Theodor Billroth and Karel Absolon archival materials and papers. Gift of Mary T. Absolon of Edina, Minnesota.

Source of acquisition

Gift of Dr. Karel B. Absolon

Gift of Mrs. Karel B. (Mary T.) Absolon

Processing information

Initial inventory prepared by Charlotte Critcher, 2015. Processed by Janet Heath and Melissa Nasea, 2015. Processing revised by Ashley Williams, 2016. Revised by Layne Carpenter, 2018.

Copyright notice

Literary rights to specific documents are retained by the authors or their descendants in accordance with U.S. copyright law.

Language of material

English, Czech, French, German, Latin

Related material

Karel B. Absolon History of Medicine Collection (LL 02.17), The William E. Laupus Health Sciences Library, East Carolina University, Greenville, North Carolina, USA.

Oral History Collection (LL 02.03), The William E. Laupus Health Sciences Library, East Carolina University, Greenville, North Carolina, USA.

Related books can be found by searching the Laupus Library catalog.

Container list
Box 1 Folder 1 Absolon Family Material, 1843, 1920-1954, undated
Box 1 Folder 2 Translations and Typescripts of Letters from Willibald Absolon to his wife, Karla, 1872
Box 10 Folder 1 Willibald Absolon Papers, 1856-1882
Box 1 Folder 3 Vera Backes Correspondence and Article and Photos of Jaroslav's Game Trophies, 1924, undated
Box 1 Folder 4 Etching of cave in Moravia - collection of Karel Absolon (1877-1960), 1817
Box 10 Folder 2 "Mammoth Hunt" drawing by F. Dobrovolny, associated with Karel Absolon (1877-1960), 1925
Box 1 Folder 5 Karel Absolon (1877-1960) correspondence with Sir Arthur Keith; memorial bulletin; Piltdown Man hoax; caves, 1926-2001
Box 4 Folder 1 Replica of the "Venus of Dolní Věstonice" figurine (in box from Moravian Museum, Anthropos Institute) - original discovered in 1925 by Karel Absolon (1877-1960), undated
Oversize Folder Top Folder 1 Hand drawn colored geological map of the Reka-Timavo rivers area of Trieste and Slovinia, 1938
Box 1 Folder 6 Karel Absolon - Escape from Czechoslovakia to USA; Yale, 1946-2012
Box 1 Folder 7 Karel B. Absolon biography with photographs, 1960- 2001, undated
Box 1 Folder 8 Karel Absolon - Career, employment inquiry from University of Michigan as well as rejection of position Dr. Absolon had sought; refusal of publishers from "Surgery, Gynecology & Obstetrics" to accept his article "The Development of Gastric Surgery, An American-European (Czech) Connection", and Dr. Absolon appearing in "World Who's Who in Science", 1982-1983, undated
Box 1 Folder 9 Karel B. Absolon - Miscellaneous personal notes, 1984, undated
Box 1 Folder 10 Aschuer Obituary, 1960
Box 1 Folder 11 Doctors - Out-of-Town Correspondence, 1965-1971
Box 1 Folder 12 Letters to Dr. Absolon from Dr. Erna Lesky and Dr. Denton A. Cooley, 1968-1980
Box 1 Folder 13 Envelope containing postcard of Lorenz Heister print with a stamp of Johannes Brahms, sent to Karel B. Absolon by Ernst Kern, 1985
Box 1 Folder 14 Photographs of Ernst Kern and his wife, Esther Kern-Nyffenegger, and correspondence with Karel B. Absolon, 1993-2007, undated
Box 1 Folder 15 Letter from Prof. Leopold Schönbauer to Karel B. Absolon concerning Friedrich Hoffmann (1660-1742), 1962
Box 1 Folder 16 St. Anthony's Hospital, 1965-1969
Box 1 Folder 17 Letter from Prof. P. v. Tavel to Karel B. Absolon concerning information on the life of Theodor Kocher, 1970
Box 1 Folder 18 University of Minnesota, 1965-1968, 1971
Box 2 Folder 1 Owen. H Wangensteen Correnspondence, 1954-1965
Box 2 Folder 2 Owen. H Wangensteen Correnspondence, 1960-1970
Box 2 Folder 3 Owen. H Wangensteen Correnspondence, 1967-1970
Box 2 Folder 4 Absolon Medical Articles on Medical Education and Problem of Transplantation and the Head and Neck Surgeon, 1963-1971
Box 2 Folder 5 Articles on medical education (Billroth, Flexner), requests for journal articles, and related correspondence from Owen Wangensteen and others, 1970-1971
Box 2 Folder 6 Karel Absolon - copy of medical article typescript - "Cardiac and Cerebral Effects of Carbon Monoxide Anoxia", and seven 5x7 cards of different images, undated
Box 2 Folder 7 Two copies of typescript of medical article "Cardiovascular Response of an Atherosclerotic Animal Model to Thoracic Impact" by Roger C. Haut, David C. Viano, Bhagwan D. Garg, Karel Absolon and Mario Golocovsky, undated
Box 2 Folder 8 Cocaine - Application of, 1884, 1970
Box 2 Folder 9 Coronary Photos and Drawings, undated
Box 2 Folder 10 Coronary Related Articles, 1924-1966, undated
Box 3 Folder 1 Epidermolysis Bullosa, 1958-1969, undated
Box 3 Folder 2 Homotransplantation, 1963-1964, undated
Box 3 Folder 3 McCarty Case, 1964
Box 3 Folder 4 Karel Absolon - medical notes and journal reprints, 1940-1971, undated
Box 3 Folder 5 Medical Articles (Primarily on Esophagus and Digestive System), 1940-1977
Box 3 Folder 6 Draft typescript of medical article "Unpure Medial Calcification of Limb Arteries and Its Relationship to Arteriosclerosis" by J. G. Monckeberg, undated
Box 3 Folder 7 Check stub and envelope for Dr. Karel Absolon's honorarium for 19th Samuel Clark Harvey Lecture at Yale University, 1974
Box 10 Folder 3 Menu and program for the 19th Samuel Clark Harvey Lecture at Yale (lecture presented by Dr. Karel Absolon), 1974
Box 10 Folder 4 Menu and program for the 25th Samuel Clark Harvey Lecture at Yale (lecture presented by William W. L. Glenn) - laminated, 1980
Box 3 Folder 8 Karel Absolon - miscellaneous materials found in book collection, undated
Box 3 Folder 9 Translation of K.B. Absolon's book "Janus" into German by Ernst Kern; information and CD-ROM, 2008, undated
Box 3 Folder 10 Lists of books offered by Kabel Publishers; brief description of "Diseases of Famous Composers: Twenty-two Pathographies from Bach to Bartok" transcribed and edited by Karel B. Absolon; list of books from Yahoo by author Karel B. Absolon, ca. 1990-2001
Box 11 Folder 1 Print of Allgemeines Krankenhouse (the General Hospital in Vienna) - associated with Van Swieten, Billroth, and Schubert, undated
Box 11 Folder 2 Austrian postage stamps of famous physicians associated with the Allgemeines Krankenhouse - Rokitansky, Auenbrugger, Van Swieten, Hyrtl, Billroth, Skoda, Meinhert, Hebrow, and Arlt, undated
Box 10 Folder 5 Colored print of drawing of University of Gottingen where Theodor Billroth (1829-1894) studied, 1837
Box 3 Folder 11 Karel B. Absolon's translation of Billroth's 1855 "About the Structure of Mycons Polyns", undated
Box 3 Folder 12 Theodor Billroth original letter to Wittelshofer, 1866
Box 3 Folder 13 Photograph of Theodor Billroth taken 1869 or earlier, ca. 1869
Box 10 Folder 6 Billroth Papers, 1877-1885
Box 5 Folder 1 Handwritten note by Theodor Billroth; telegram sent by Theodor Billroth, 1879-ca. 1892
Box 5 Folder 2 Karel B. Absolon's translation of Theodor Billroth 1880-1884 letters, undated
Box 5 Folder 3 Karel B. Absolon's translation of Theodor Billroth 1884-1885 letters, undated
Box 5 Folder 4 Karel B. Absolon's translation of Theodor Billroth 1885-1889 letters (1 of 2), undated
Box 5 Folder 5 Karel B. Absolon's translation of Theodor Billroth 1885-1889 letters (2 of 2), undated
Box 5 Folder 6 K.B. Absolon's translation of Billroth's 1886 "Aphorisms on Medical Education: Teaching and Learning in Medical Sciences", undated
Box 5 Folder 7 Billroth-Gottlieb correspondence with Karel B. Absolon; bust of Theodor Billroth, letter from A.K. Schmauss; photographs of Billroth's daughters, Helene (1912), Martha Gottlieb Billroth (1918) and Else Billroth (1888), 1888-1918, 1984
Box 11 Folder 3 Print of "Billroth im Horsaal" (Billroth Operating) painted by A. F. Seligmann, undated
Box 5 Folder 8 "Billroth im Horsaal" (Billroth Operating) painted by A. F. Seligmann - copies and information, ca. 1890-2001
Box 10 Folder 7 Poem handwritten by Theodor Billroth, 1892
Box 5 Folder 9 Theodor Billroth material in Czech, 1892, undated
Box 6 Folder 1 Karel B. Absolon's translation of Theodor Billroth 1892-1894 letters, undated
Box 6 Folder 2 Information about a print of a portrait and a written memorial of Theodor Billroth, 1894
Box 6 Folder 3 Billroth Article Correspondence and Related Materials, 1961-1965
Box 6 Folder 4 Theodor Billroth baptismal record information; postcards depicting scenes from Barth (Ostsee), Barth (Dammtor), Barth (Kr. Ribnitz-Damgarten), Insel Rugen, Kaparkona (Rugen), 1 und 3 Karl-Marx-Platz; photograph of Brahms and sheet of his quartet music, 1967, undated
Box 6 Folder 5 Dr. Karel Absolon seeking information for Theodor Billroth biography he is starting - inquiries to different people, trying to obtain materials, and letters to publishers, 1967-1968
Box 6 Folder 6 Literature on Billroth, 1967-1968
Box 11 Folder 4 Oil painting of Theodor Billroth by Ralph Corea - commissioned by Karel B. Absolon, 1968
Box 11 Folder 5 "Theodor Billroth in the Operating Room" drawing; "Mirror image after Seligman's original, painted by Paul Calle for Upjohn Corp. and given as a gift to [Karel] Absolon in 1974", ca. 1974
Box 6 Folder 7 Billroth - Coronado Press, 1974-1976
Box 6 Folder 8 Billroth Research, 1978, 1983, undated
Box 6 Folder 9 Billroth Articles by K. Absolon, 1979, 1982
Box 6 Folder 10 Photographs and mixed materials related to Theodor Billroth, 1979-1997, undated
Box 11 Folder 6 Classic photo of Theodor Billroth with pupils that has Karel B. Absolon's picture inserted (U. of Virginia - Richmond or VCU - Richmond), ca. 1990
Box 11 Folder 7 "Der Chirurg Theodor Billroth" - print of Werner Horvath's 1994 oil painting, undated
Box 6 Folder 11 Dr. Arthur E. Baue - correspondence concerning accuracy and original source of Billroth quotation, 1997
Box 6 Folder 12 CD of Billroth and Paracelsus images, 2004
Box 8 Folder 1 Billroth ephemera (including photograph of Billroth statue), undated
Box 8 Folder 2 "Billroth und der Kronprinz" (copy of typescript), undated
Box 11 Folder 8 Rugie (Rügen) Island map (place where Billroth was born). Double sided frame with text on the back. Also a separate piece with English translation., undated
Box 8 Folder 3 Print of drawing of street where Theodor Billroth lived with Prof. Baum in Gottingen, undated
Box 8 Folder 4 Copies of "The Genealogy of the Vienna Surgical School", undated
Box 7 Folder 1 Karel B. Absolon - bibliography cards for Theodor Billroth books, undated
Box 11 Folder 9 Photograph of Karel B. Absolon with Theodor Billroth's grandson looking at the Billroth family photo album, undated
Box 12 Folder 1 Book Review of Absolon's Billroth Biography, 1986
Box 12 Folder 2 German Typescript on Brahms and Billroth, undated
Box 12 Folder 3 Correspondence with Hans Billroth Gottlieb and Copies of the Translated Seegen Letters, 1982-1985
Box 12 Folder 4 Correspondence with Hans Billroth Gottlieb and Lenore Gottlieb, 1982-1988
Box 12 Folder 5 Miscellaneous Billroth Related Images, 1829, 1853
Box 8 Folder 5 Jean Zuléma Amussat (1796-1856) calling card, undated
Box 8 Folder 6 Print of drawing of Johann Jakob Baier (1677-1735), undated
Box 8 Folder 7 Print of drawing of Thomas Bartholin (1616-1680), 1688
Box 8 Folder 8 Print of lithograph of Claude Bernard (1813-1878) performing an experiment before a group of colleagues and students, undated
Box 8 Folder 9 Obituary for Dr. Brian Blades in Washington Post, 1977
Box 8 Folder 10 Cancelled check written by Alexis Carrel (1873-1944), 1925
Box 8 Folder 11 Print of drawing of Sir Astley Paston Cooper (1768-1841), undated
Box 8 Folder 12 Print of drawing of Guillaume Dupuytren (1777-1835), undated
Box 8 Folder 13 Print of drawing of Benjamin Franklin (1706-1790), undated
Box 10 Folder 8 Print of drawing of Georg von Frauenfeld (1807-1873), undated
Box 10 Folder 9 Print of drawing of Karl Ferdinand von Gräfe (1787-1840), undated
Box 8 Folder 14 Photograph of Ernst Haeckel (1834-1919), undated
Box 8 Folder 15 Newspaper clippings about Ernst Haeckel (1834-1919), ca. 1919
Box 8 Folder 16 Wooden framed reproduction of painting of William Harvey (1578-1657), ca. 1622
Box 10 Folder 10 Print of drawing of Lorenz Heister (1683-1758), ca. 1733
Box 8 Folder 17 Letters to Alexander Humbolt from Peter Simon Pallas and Wilhelm Hermann Abich - originals, facsimiles, transcriptions, plus images of Pallas (translated into English and with comments by Karel B. Absolon and John Ptak), 1793-1858, 1994, undated
Box 8 Folder 18 Print of drawing of Alexander von Humboldt (1769-1731), undated
Box 10 Folder 11 Print of drawing of Johann von Jessen (1566-1621), ca. 1607
Box 8 Folder 19 Three sheets of documentation associated with the Johann von Jessen print - includes title page of "Obrazy Z Minulosti Ceskeho Lekarstvi" (translated as "Portraits from the Past History of Czech Medicine"), ca. 1959
Box 8 Folder 20 Photograph of Rudolf Ulrich Krönlein (1847-1910), undated
Box 10 Folder 12 Print of drawing of Konrad Johann Martin Langenbeck (1776-1851), 1826
Box 8 Folder 21 Photograph of portrait of singer Jenny Lind (1820-1887), undated
Box 8 Folder 22 Print of drawing of Marcello Malpighi (1628-1694), undated
Box 8 Folder 23 Photograph of Carl Nicoladoni (1847-1902), undated
Box 10 Folder 13 Print of painting of Ambroise Pare (1510-1590) and information about him, undated
Box 11 Folder 10 Print of drawing of Louis Pasteur (1822-1895), undated
Box 8 Folder 24 Print of portrait of Ludwig Rehn (1849-1930), ca. 1919
Box 8 Folder 25 Print of silhouette of Johann Christian Reil (1759-1813), undated
Box 8 Folder 26 Two photographs of Carl von Rokitansky (1804-1878), undated
Box 8 Folder 27 Print of drawing of Johann Christian Rosenmueller (1771-1820), undated
Box 8 Folder 28 Print of drawing of Frederik Ruysch (1638-1731), undated
Box 8 Folder 29 Photograph of Dr. Ludwik Rydygier (1850-1920), undated
Box 10 Folder 14 Original letter from C. L. Schleich, 1921
Box 8 Folder 30 Print of portrait of Franz Schuh (1804-1878) and a photograph card, undated
Box 8 Folder 31 Print of etching of Karl Heinrich von Seibt (1773-1806), undated
Box 8 Folder 32 Prints of two photographs of Josef Skoda (1805-1881) and a photograph card (1869), 1869, undated
Box 10 Folder 15 Print of drawing of Wilhelm Gottlieb Tilesius von Tilenau (1769-1857), undated
Box 10 Folder 16 Print of drawing of Gerhard van Swieten (1700-1772), undated
Box 8 Folder 33 Print of drawing of Andreas Vesalius (1514-1564), undated
Box 8 Folder 34 Original drawing of Rudolf Virchow (1821-1902); print of picture of young Virchow; copies of Virchow's high school essay (German plus English translation); translation of 1839 essay; copy of 1843 German dissertation; letter written by Virchow to unknown subject; postcard with Virchow's picture sent to [?] Absolon, undated
Box 10 Folder 17 Drawing of Rudolph Virchow (1821-1902), undated
Box 8 Folder 35 Report of Henri Wankel medical classes, 1842
Box 8 Folder 36 Heinrich Wankel's Journal (1 of 2), 1843-1845
Box 9 Folder 1 Heinrich Wankel's Journal (2 of 2), 1843-1845
Box 10 Folder 18 Wankel Family Papers, 1801-1851, 1909
Box 9 Folder 2 Painted copies of two sections of one (or two) surgical papyrus, undated
Box 9 Folder 3 Copies of brief biographies with pictures of Ernst Julius Gurlt (1825-1899), Robert Remak (1815-1865), Ludwig Traube (1818-1876), and Friedrich Theodor von Frerichs (1819-1885); photograph of unknown man, undated
Box 9 Folder 4 Five postcards depicting Gregor Mendel (1822-1884), Gustav Bohm and scenes from Brno, Czech Republic, 1974
Box 9 Folder 5 Copy of "1,956 Biographische Artikel und Nekrologe (BAN) der Munchener Medizinischen Wochenschrift (MMW)", 1997-1999
Box 10 Folder 19 Two maps of North America, 1823, undated
Box 12 Folder 6 Commencement Speech by C.Walton Lillehei, 1987
Box 12 Folder 7 Handwritten Notes about Carl Reichenbach, undated