Jacob Bell Cornell Notebook, 1870

Manuscript Collection #1206

  • Descriptive Summary
     
    Title: Jacob Bell Cornell Notebook
    Creator: Cornell, Jacob Bell, 1848-1917
    Repository: ECU Manuscript Collection
    Language: English
    Abstract: This notebook is an 1870 student’s notebook containing field notes of a Survey of the Coast of North Carolina done for the United States Coast Survey. It was likely kept by Jacob Bell Cornell (1848-1897), a member of the Class of 1872 at Rutgers College in New Brunswick, New Jersey. Of specific interest are a diagram and calculations associated with a lighthouse in the Pamlico Sound and references to Portsmouth Island and Swan Quarter.
    Extent: 0.023 Cubic feet, 1 archival box, consisting of a notebook
  • Description
     

    This notebook contains field notes recorded by Jacob Bell Cornell during a U.S. Coastal Survey conducted for the U.S. Coast Guard in May of 1870. The notes contain measurements, calculations and illustrations intended to develop useful maps of the United States Coastal Survey. Of specific interest are notes on Portsmouth Island and Swan Quarter in North Carolina (pp. 25-30) as well as a diagram and calculations associated with the lighthouse in the Pamlico Sound of North Carolina (p. 31).

    The first seven pages indicates that this is a continuation of a U.S. coastal survey begun in 1836. Cornell explains the English, French, and Russian systems used in geographic studies precluding the explanation of the geodetic technique using triangulation employed for the U.S. coastal survey (pp. 1-4). He then gives a description of the three orders of triangulation and the selection of stations for measurements (pp. 5-6).

    The remainder of the notebook contains a description of the methodological approach to surveying. He clarifies the signals and signs used during the survey (pp. 7-8), and discusses station marks (pp. 8-13), the measurement of baselines (pp. 13-14), and the temperature of rods (pp. 14-17). Cornell lists the jobs of the crew/survey party's nine members (pp. 17-18), gives the measurements of horizontal angles (pp. 18-23), and discusses the office work of the U.S. Coast Survey (p. 24). The bulk of the notebook consists of measurements, calculations, diagrams, and illustrations (pp. 25-57).

  • Administrative Information
     
    Accessions Information

    February 25, 2013, 0.023 cubic feet, 1 item; This notebook is an 1870 student’s notebook containing field notes of a Survey of the Coast of North Carolina done for the United States Coast Survey. It was likely kept by Jacob Bell Cornell (1848-1897), a member of the Class of 1872 at Rutgers College in New Brunswick, New Jersey. The notes contain calculations and documentation that illustrate how the very detailed and useful maps of the United States Coast Survey developed. Of specific interest are a diagram and calculations associated with a lighthouse in the Pamlico Sound and references to Portsmouth Island and Swan Quarter. Purchased with funds from the Bodo Nischan Endowment from Ian Brabner Bookseller of Wilmington, DE.

    Acquisition Information

    Purchased with funds from the Bodo Nischan Endowment from Ian Brabner Bookseller of Wilmington, DE.

    Access Restrictions

    No restrictions

    Copyright Notice

    Literary rights to specific documents are retained by the authors or their descendants in accordance with U.S. copyright law.

    Preferred Citation

    Jacob Bell Cornell Notebook (#1206), East Carolina Manuscript Collection, J. Y. Joyner Library, East Carolina University, Greenville, North Carolina, USA

    Processing Information

    Processing completed 11/30/2015 by Mateusz Polakowski.

Container List

  • Jacob Bell Cornell Collection
     
    Jacob Bell Cornell's notebook containing field notes for a survey of the coast of North Carolina conducted for the U.S. Coast Guard in May 1870. (Pages 1-57)

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Container List

  • Jacob Bell Cornell Collection
     
    Jacob Bell Cornell's notebook containing field notes for a survey of the coast of North Carolina conducted for the U.S. Coast Guard in May 1870. (Pages 1-57)


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