U.S. Army Pvt. Roscoe Jackson of Barnesville, Belmont County, Ohio, served with the 138th U.S. Infantry, A.E.F., during World War I. He wrote letters (29 May 1918 to 29 April 1919) to his wife and other family members while training at Camp Sherman in Chillicothe, Ohio, and at Camp Mills, Long Island, N.Y., and serving in France.
Roscoe Jackson was born on 8 December 1895 in Woodsfield, Monroe County, Ohio, to William and Missouri Jackson of Barnesville, Belmont County. He was raised on a farm, growing tobacco, corn, and other crops. In June 1917, he registered for military service in accordance with the Selective Service Act of 1917. He then entered training at Camp Sherman in May 1918. At the end of August 1918, Roscoe and his division were sent to Camp Mills in Long Island, N.Y., arriving on the 24th. He was then sent abroad to France at the beginning of September with Company H of the 334th Infantry. While in France, Roscoe moved through many towns and was fortunate to see little to no fighting. He was transferred repeatedly between different infantry units and companies, ending his military service with Company B 138th Infantry 35th Division. He served in France until 17 April 1919, when the company was sent back to the United States from St. Nazaire, France aboard the U.S. navy transport ship,
Aeolus. He arrived back on U.S. soil on 28 April. The company was then paraded through multiple cities before going to Camp Sherman to be mustered out.
Prior to his military service, Roscoe married Lucile Evalyn Thomas on 15 November 1917. Lucile was born on 28 March 1901 in Ohio to Asa Elmer Thomas and Phoebe Kester. While Roscoe was away at camp, their daughter, Violet Mildred, was born on 1 September 1918. She would later attend Sugar Grove School in Belmont County, and eventually marry Hugh Washington Gunion, Jr., with whom she had two daughters.
Though he filed a draft card for World War II, there is no evidence he served in that war. There are no images of him in the collection; however his WWI draft card does provide a general description of him. He is described as having blue eyes, black hair, and of medium height and build.
Roscoe passed away on 15 June 1966, while Lucile lived until 1 January 1994.
Sources: US Census records, marriage records, and death records as found at