Maurice G. Burnside Papers

Manuscript Collection #468
Burnside, Maurice Gwinn, 1902-1991
Physical description
7.82 Cubic Feet, including scrapbooks, newspaper clippings, correspondence, photographs, congressional papers, and miscellaneous material.
Preferred Citation
Maurice G. Burnside Papers (#468), East Carolina Manuscript Collection, J. Y. Joyner Library, East Carolina University, Greenville, North Carolina, USA.
ECU Manuscript Collection
The collection is open for research.

Papers (1928-1931, 1939-1966) including scrapbooks, newspaper clippings, correspondence, photographs, congressional papers, miscellaneous material.

Biographical/historical information

Maurice Gwinn Burnside (b. 1902), political science professor, West Virginia Democratic congressman, and tobacco warehouse executive, spent a lifetime studying international affairs. As a young man following graduate studies at the University of Texas, he worked and traveled in Europe and Asia for three years and was instrumental in organizing International Clubs at colleges and universities throughout the Southwestern United States. In 1940 he settled in Huntington, West Virginia, and taught political science at Marshall College until 1948, serving as department head from 1941-1945.

Following his tenure at Marshall College, he served three terms in Congress and worked briefly at the National Security Agency in Washington, D. C. He was a member of the committees on Public Works and the Post Office, Civil Service, and Expenditures in the Executive Department, and served on the United States-Philippine War Damage Commission (1949).

His post-congressional years were spent lobbying for various environmental groups, farmers, small businesses, and educational organizations. He also participated in the management of the Tri-State Tobacco Warehouse in Huntington.

Scope and arrangement

The bulk of the collection pertains to Dr. Burnside's congressional and political activities (1945-1956) and is composed largely of scrapbooks, newspaper clippings, andphotographs. Materials reflect the time and effort Dr. Burnside directed toward environmental issues, unemployment, the problems of small businesses and farmers, and the promotion of tariffs on foreign products that competed with local industries in his district such as textiles, chemicals, pottery, and marble.

The limited correspondence pertains directly to his failure to win re-election in 1956 and expressions of appreciation for his support of various bills in Congress. One letter of interest discusses the appointment of a new governor of the Virgin Islands (Feb. 17, 1961). Two letters from John F. Kennedy express appreciation for Dr. Burnside's support for Kennedy's presidential nomination (Aug. 12, 1960, undated), and one letter from Adlai E. Stevenson (Jan. 23, 1956) seeks Dr. Burnside's counsel and advice for his upcoming presidential campaign (Jan. 23, 1956). Two telegrams of significance pertain to the halting of H-Bomb tests (Oct. 19, 1956) and campaign financing by the Republican and Democratic parties (Nov. 4, 1956).

Most of the scrapbooks contain newspaper clippings and memorabilia concerning life and politics in Washington, D. C. One volume of photographs records his travels through Europe and Asia (1928-1931) while another contains material relating to congressional investigative junkets to Korea and Southeast Asia. Numerous loose photographs include portraits of political figures from the 1940s through the 1960s.

Testimonies to congressional committees, extensions of remarks to the Congressional Record, and reports of congressional investigative junkets compose most of the remainder of the collection. Notable among the reports is that by the U.S.-Philippines War Damage Commission, which provides before and after pictures of numerous buildings repaired and restored after World War II damage. Also of interest is a scrapbook of photos and newspaper clippings pertaining to a congressional investigation (1949) of aid to the Korean Army.

One folder pertains solely to Dr. Burnside's business interests in the Tri-State Tobacco Warehouse in Huntington, W.Va., which includes a lease, business and financial reports, correspondence, photographs, and clippings.

Administrative information
Custodial History

March 1, 1983, 300 items and 12 volumes; Papers (1939-1966) of congressman and tobacco executive, including correspondence, speeches, reports, clippings, photographs, scrapbooks, and miscellaneous. Donor: Maurice G. Burnside, Treasure Island, FL., and Mrs. Marilyn B. Weaver, Wilson, N. C.

May 19, 2003, (unprocessed addition 1), 186 items, 4.05 cubic feet; Papers (1793-2003) including correspondence, legal documents, financial records, printed forms, and manuscript materials related to the family and career of South Carolina born political scientist, businessman, government official, lobbyist, and congressman (Democrat -West Virginia), 1949-1953, 1955-1957, who later moved to Wilson, NC. See preliminary inventory attached. Donor: Marilyn B. Weaver.

Source of acquisition

Gift of Maurice G. Burnside

Gift of Mrs. Marilyn B. Weaver

Processing information

Processed by J. Smith, December 1983

Encoded by Apex Data Services

Copyright notice

Literary rights to specific documents are retained by the authors or their descendants in accordance with U.S. copyright law.

Key terms
Personal Names
Burnside, Maurice Gwinn, 1902-1991
Kennedy, John F. (John Fitzgerald), 1917-1963--Correspondence
Stevenson, Adlai E. (Adlai Ewing), 1900-1965--Correspondence
Corporate Names
Tri-State Tobacco Warehouse
United States. Congress--Committees
United States. Congress--Elections, 1956
United States. Congress. House
Elections--West Virginia
Legislators--United States
Politicians--West Virginia
Tobacco industry--West Virginia--Huntington
World War, 1939-1945--Destruction and pillage--Philippines
United States--Foreign relations--Korea (South)
Washington (D.C.)--Social life and customs--20th century
West Virginia--Politics and government--20th century

Container list
Box 1 Political correspondence, campaign material, Tri-State Tobacco Warehouse newspaper clippings and miscellaneous
Box 2 Congressional papers, voting, and attendance records, and excerpts from the Congressional Record; 1949 scrapbook of clippings and photographs related to an investigative trip to Korea concerning aid; photographs of political figures (Harry Truman, Robert Byrd, Harold Cooley, Burnside and others) and campaigning, and of China; and books A Digest of Japanese War Conduct by Shuhsi Hsu (1939) and Malayan Problems by Tan Cheng Lock (1947)
Box 3 Photographs of political figures and photo album of the Philippines
Box 4 Photo album of European and Asian travels (1928-1931)
Box 5 Scrapbook, 1945-1946, political and congressional activities
Box 6 Scrapbook, 1949, congressional junkets to the Philippines, Korea, and Southeast Asia
Box 7 Scrapbook, 1949, congressional activities
Box 8a Scrapbook, 1949-1950, congressional activities
Box 8b Loose material from and copies of Scrapbook, 1949-1950, congressional activities
Box 9 Scrapbook, 1950, congressional activities
Box 10 Scrapbook, 1951, congressional activities
Box 11 Scrapbook, Jan.-May, 1952, congressional activities
Box 12 Scrapbook, June-Dec., 1952, congressional activities
Box 13 Scrapbook, 1955, congressional activities
Box 14 Scrapbook, 1956-1957, congressional activities
Box 15 Folder a Barkley, Jane R. (Mrs. Alben W.) Letter to Mrs. Burnside (9/3/1952) TLS. 1 item. 3 p. Note: Wife of Vice President of the United States
Box 15 Folder b Byrd, Robert C. (Senator D-WV) Letter to M. G. Burnside (8/24/1977) TLS, 1 item. 2 p. Note: Autographed "Best to you and your family Burnie." Signed "Robert."
Box 15 Folder c Burnside, Evelyn Jackson Pell (Mrs. Maurice G.) Letters, Etc. (ca. 1912-1943) 4 items. 5 p
Box 15 Folder d Burnside, Evelyn Jackson Pell (Mrs. Maurice G.) re: Guilford College (ca. 1906-1961) 3 items. 36 p
Box 15 Folder e Burnside, Evelyn Jackson Pell (Mrs. Maurice G.) Thomas-Yelverton funeral obituary note (2/10/2003) 1 item. 1 p
Box 15 Folder f Burnside, James W., Charleston, SC Letters received (1886-1889) 2 items. 10 p
Box 15 Folder g Burnside, James W., Richland, SC Property & Legal records (1883-1903) 14 items. 46 p. Note: James W. Burnside was Maurice G. Burnside's father. Includes plats of property
Box 15 Folder h Burnside, Maurice G. Biographical sketch & Resumes (ca. 1938-1969) 12 items. 22 p. Notes: Includes printers proof for "Who's Who" edition
Box 15 Folder i Burnside, Maurice G. Duke University, Durham, NC files (1938-1939) 4 items. 11 p. Notes: Includes abstract of dissertation, diploma
Box 15 Folder j Burnside, Maurice G. Letters to his mother (1929-1930) 6 items. 23 p. Notes: Sent from aboard SS Hanover when he was a crewmember. The ship sailed from Germany to Hong Kong, Manila & Legaspi, Philippines; also includes an itinerary
Box 15 Folder k Burnside, Maurice G. Marshall University, Huntington, WV files (1940) 1 item. 1 p
Box 15 Folder l Burnside, Maurice G. World War I leave memorabilia, Le Mans, France (1918) 4 items. 5 p. Note: Burnside was on leave from the 105th Ammunition Train, American Expeditionary Force
Box 15 Folder m Burnside, Olivia America McCants (Mrs. James W.) Letters received (1883-1917) 9 items. 19 p. Note: Olivia America McCants Burnside was Maurice G. Burnside's mother
Box 15 Folder n Burnside, Olivia America McCants (Mrs. James W.) Hill Crest, SC Expense book (1907-1932) 1 item. 83 p. Note: Cover torn off. Conservation needed
Box 15 Folder o Burnside, Olivia America McCants (Mrs. James W.) Property & Legal records (1886-1941) 23 items. 47 p
Box 15 Folder p Eisenhower, Dwight David (President, US) Autography (ca. 1953-1961) 1 item. 1 p. Note: Written in table place setting with presidential seal
Box 15 Folder q Flying Fisherman Club, New York, NY. Letter to M. G. Burnside (1/20/1956) TLS. 1 item. 1 p. Note: Congratulations for catching 125 lb. Pacific Sailfish
Box 15 Folder r McCants, Allen G., Mobile, AL Letters received. (1873-1914) 2 items. 4 p. Note: Olivia America McCants Burnsides' family
Box 15 Folder s Randolph, Jennings (Senator, D-WV) Letter to "Dear Roxie" (8/13/1974) Holograph. 1 item. 1 p. Note: Written on U. S. Senate stationery. Signed "Jennings."
Box 15 Folder t Rutledge, Archibald, McClellanville, SC. Letter to "Dear Friend" (9/29/n.y.) & Letterhead of American Association of University Women, re: invitation to speak. Holograph, 2 items. 2 p. Note: Rutledge (1883-1973) was the first poet laureate of South Carolina
Box 15 Folder u U. S. Department of Defense. National Security Agency, Washington, DC. Letter to Maurice G. Burnside (3/26/1953) TLS. Photocopy. 1 item. 1 p. Note: Letter of termination of appointment
Box 15 Folder v Vaughan, Harry H. (Major General, U. S. A. R. retired) Alexandria, VA, Letter to "Burnie" (8/20/1977) Holograph. 1 item. 3 p. Note: Includes color photographic print of Burnside, Dale Berneking, Harry Vaughan, Stan Brading & Walter Rasmussen
Box 16 Folder a Clipping "Memorial Chapel - A Lasting Remembrance of Crash Victims," by Mollie Young, Herald Advertiser (8/1/1971) 1 item. 1 p. Note: Memorial on Marshall University campus for victims of plane crash of 11/14/1970 that killed football team
Box 16 Folder b Clipping "Old Papers tell of Gen. [Francis] Marion: William and Thomas McCants of Revolutionary Fame Scouts for Swamp Fox," Press and Standard, Walterboro, DC (6/17/1931) 1 item. 1 p
Box 16 Folder c Ephemera. American Contract Bridge League Life Master Certificate & Letter of transmittal (1978-1979) 2 items. 2 p
Box 16 Folder d Ephemera. Maurice G. Burnside congressional campaign advertising (ca. 1950) 4 items. 6 p. Note: Includes brochure & matchbook for campaigns in West Virginia's 4th district
Box 16 Folder e Ephemera. Maurice G. Burnside Letterhead (n.d.) 5 items. 5 p
Box 16 Folder f Ephemera. Tri-State Tobacco Whse., Inc., Huntington, WV Advertising key chain & pencil (ca. 1950) 1 item. 1 p. Note: "Burnie Burnside, P. R. Floyd-Joe Floyd,"
Box 16 Folder g Manuscript Volume: My Travels Abroad: Diary of a Crewman Aboard S. S. Effna, from New Orleans to the English Channel (8/2 - 8/20/[1929]) 1 vol. [boxed] & 1 oversized map. 112 p. Note: See oversized folder for map. Probably by Maurice G. Burnside
Box 16 Folder h Original Art. Pencil sketch of Young Man Reading with caption: "Hand it Back Burnie!" and signed "M/M." (n.d.) 1 item. 1 p. Note: "Burnie" was Maurice G. Burnside's nickname
Box 16 Folder i Grist Mill, Pilot Mountain, NC Photographic Print (September 1902) Matted. Black & White. 10" x 8" 1 item. 1 p
Box 16 Folder j Heath, Charles (Uncle) and friends. Photographic Print (ca. 1900s) Black & White. 1 item. 1 p. Note: Uncle Charles with two lady friends. Post card photograph
Box 16 Folder k Lewis, J. P. (Mrs.) Family Portrait, including Mrs. Lewis, Dio, Dalmer, Myrene, Ray, Clonnie Bell & Annie Mae. (ca. 1900s) Black & White. 1 item. 1 p. Note: Post card photograph
Box 16 Folder l Warehouse Group, Clarkton, NC Photographic Print (ca.1900s) Matted. Black & White. 10" x 8" I item. 1 p
Box 16 Folder m Plats. Plat showing Block 12, Plat No. 1 Altizer Place, Huntington, WV (12/5/1951) Scale: 1" = 100'. Blueprint. 1 item. 1 p
Box 16 Folder n Scrapbook. Collection (ca. 1949-1953) of photographic prints and clippings documenting M. G. Burnside's congressional career. 1 vol. (loose leaf) 36 p. Notes: Includes photographs of trips to Guantanamo Bay, Cuba; Raffles Hotel, Singapore; Pearl Harbor, HI; USS FRANKLIN D. ROOSEVELT; & Washington, DC
Box 16 Folder o Printed. Congressional Club Breakfast Honoring Mrs. [John F.] Kennedy (5/18/1961) 2 items. 2 p. Note: Invitation & Table number card
Box 16 Folder p Printed. Congressional Club Breakfast Honoring Mrs. [Lyndon B.] Johnson (5/5/1966) Clipping & Pamphlet. 2 items. 9 p. Note: Pamphlet autographed by guests: Mrs. Herman R. Alden, Mrs. Martin L. Hecht, Mrs. Jackson C. Davis, Mrs. L. H. Fountain, Mrs. Harry Wilson, Mrs. Ray C. Coates, Mrs. George A. Weaver, Jim Nabors, Lenore Moeler (Mrs. Walter) & Mary Christenson
Box 16 Folder q Printed. Matthew Anderson Reese memorial service program (12/5/1998) Falls Church, VA 1 item. 2 p. Note: (1927-1998)
Box 16 Folder r Printed. North Carolina's Tribute to President John F. Kennedy . . . . (5/17/1964) Kennan Stadium, Chapel Hill, NC Program. 1 item. 2 p
Box 16 Folder s Printed. Official [Johnson] Inauguration Program (1/20/1965) Pamphlet, etc. 3 items. 27 p
Box 16 Folder t Printed. Program of Commemoration Ceremony of the 100th Anniversary of the Second Inauguration of Abraham Lincoln, 1865-1965. (3/4/1965) Pamphlet. 1 item. 16 p
Box 16 Folder u Printed Form. Camp Training Certificate, Reserve Officer Training Corps (7/20/1921), Ft. Monroe, VA 1 item. 1 p
Box 16 Folder v Printed Form. Invitation to Attend and Participate in the Inauguration of President Dwight D. Eisenhower and Richard M. Nixon (1/20/1953) & Mailing Envelope. 1 item. 2 p
Folder os1 Folder a Map. Colton's South Carolina Pocket Map (1867) Published by G. W. & C. B. Colton & Co., New York, NY. 13.75" (h) x 16" (w) 1 item. 1 p. Notes: Shows rivers, railroads, roads, towns, counties; inset Colton's Plan of Charleston, Vicinity & Harbor; decorative birder; folds into 3.5" x 5.8" gilt, blind-stamped, cloth covers; covers torn, conservation needed
Folder os1 Folder b Map. World on Mercator Projection Map, The (ca. 1926-1929) Published by Samuel Ward Mfg. Co., Boston, MA; © George F. Cram Co., Indianapolis, IN. 26.5" (w) x 18.5" (w) 1 item. 1 p. Note: Removed from "My Travels Abroad" diary folder
Folder os1 Folder c Newspaper. Wilson Daily Times, The Wilson, NC (10/22/1984) 1 item. 4 p. Note: Contains article "Wilsonians: He Knows the Life of a Politician," by Agnes Stevens, p. A1, A10
Folder os1 Folder d Photographic Print. Atomic Bomb Explosion (n.d.) U. S. Army Reproduction #901 B. Matted. Color. 14" x 17" 1 item. 1 p
Folder os1 Folder e Photographic Print. Rayburn, Sam Portrait Photographic Print (n.d.) Matted. Black & White. 20" x 24" 1 item. 1 p. Note: Autographed "For my friend M. G. Burnside with best wishes, Sam Rayburn."
Folder os1 Folder f Photographic Print. Retail Hardware Association of North & South Carolina at Raleigh, NC July 7th to 9th 1914 Photographic Print (1914) 26.5" x 9" Black & White. Note: Panoramic portrait of members at stadium. "Photo by Moose, Greensboro, NC." 1 item. 1 p
Folder os1 Folder g Photographic Print. Truman, Harry S., President, United States, Portrait (1949) Matted. Black & White. 11" x 14" 1 item. 1 p. Note: Water damage. Autographed "To Hon. M. G. Burnside with kindest regards & best wishes. Harry Truman. White House, Jan. 29, 1949."
Folder os1 Folder h Printed Form. West Virginia Certificate (12/12/1950) that M.G. "Burnie" Burnside of Cabell County, was duly elected as a Member of the House of Representatives of the Congress of the United States. Signed D. Pitt Orbison, Secretary of State. Okey L. Pattison, Governor. 16.5" x 13.5" 1 item. 1 p