This species of snake has as many vernacular names as color-pattern variations. In North Carolina it is known as the highland moccasin, pilot, poplar-leaf, white oak and red oak. In coastal areas it is often confused with the corn snake. The copperhead accounts for 90 percent of all the venomous snake bites in the state, but its bite is seldom fatal. It can be considered a beneficial snake because part of its diet consists of mice and small rodents. Breeding usually occurs in the spring and three to twelve young are produced.