Articles in regional publications that pertain to a wide range of North Carolina-related topics.
for Tar Heel Junior Historian Vol. 47 Issue 1, Fall 2007
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The earliest system of trails was developed by Native Americans connecting various settlements throughout the territory. Later, European settlers followed these same paths and developed a system of roads based on these and often enlarging them to permit wagons to pass. Traces of these are still visible, like The Carolina Trail between Crooked Creek in Stokes County and South Mayo River in Patrick County, Virginia.
The Great Dismal Swamp presented a refuge for 17th-century Europeans hoping to become independent. The first English explorer in the Albemarle area was Nathaniel Batts in 1660 and he settled in the region after purchasing land from the native population. Eventually this initial settlement developed into a community of male and female craftsmen function in cooperation with the native population and free of society's constraints.
Spanish Captain Juan Pardo was responsible for constructing Fort San Juan in 1567. The fort was located near the native town of Joara near present day Morganton, Burke County. It was the first European settlement in the state but probably only stood for a year, though the record is unclear.