Articles in regional publications that pertain to a wide range of North Carolina-related topics.
for Popular Government Vol. 34 Issue 5, Feb 1968
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The first six districts assigned either 2-4 judges each began hearing both civil and criminal cases in 1967. Of these judges, some have prior judicial experience, fifteen are lawyers, and two have no previous experience; a stipulation in the Constitution does not require legal training to become a judge. Reflections on the 1967 year show generally favorable conditions in personnel, cost, and efficiency and the next group of counties to switch in December 1968 should experience a smooth transition.
A brief outline of the history of jails and prisons from colonial era to mid-20th-century modernization of the state controlled prison system is presented. The first discussions about prisoner treatment began after the Revolutionary War. In 1868, major changes occurred with the General Assembly establishing a state prison and modifying the state constitution to limit death penalty crimes (arson, murder, rape, and burglary) and suspend all corporal punishment. By 1957, the State Prison Department was created to deal with all prisoner related matters.
Public health focuses on the prevention communicable diseases to nurture a healthy productive population. Local government oversees such efforts and the state was very progressive in this area. Guilford County established the first county-wide health services in 1911 and 38 years later all one hundred counties boasted this public health achievement.