This is a reprint of a paper presented at the 52nd annual session of the State Literary and Historical Association in Raleigh, December, 1952. This essay looks at the dispute between resentful forces of the Asheville community and author and Asheville native Thomas Wolfe over his first novel \"Look Homeward, Angel\" and its representation of the town. Wolfe maintained that the piece was fiction and that while he wanted to give life to Asheville, the town in which the novel is set, he did not include or characterize actual or specific citizens of the town. The people of Asheville, however, took Wolfe's portrayal of the town and its people as a criticism and an offense, and claimed that certain townspeople were characterized and identifiable. Further details of the conflict as well as direct statements from the author and reprints of critical reviews are included.