From 1933-1942, the Civilian Conservation Corps (CCC) worked at Camp Reddington on Bell Island on the Swanquarter Migratory Waterfowl Refuge in Hyde County. In 1934, the US government bought Lake Mattamuskeet from the New Holland Corporation and the Civilian Conservation Corps set about converting farm land to a migratory bird refuge. They erected fences, built canals, dismantled houses and barns, put in roads, erected barracks, planted vegetation to feed the migratory birds. The Civilian Conservation Corps moved from Camp Reddington to the New Holland community at Lake Mattamuskeet. The Civilian Conservation Corps ended at the outbreak of WWII.