Original fortification at Fort Macon was constructed in 1712 to protect Bogue Sound and the port at Beaufort from Spanish attack. The historic structure that stood in 1943 was constructed in 1824 and named after Senator Nathaniel Macon who obtained Federal funds for the project. The fort was then scene for further conflict during the Civil War. Confederates controlled the fort from 1861 to 1862 when Federals overtook Beaufort. In 1943, architect Finlay Ferguson, Jr. was placed in charge of the fort's restoration.