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for "Berry, Harriet Morehead, 1877-1940"
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Before the 1920s, most of the roads in North Carolina were dirt, and in wet weather, impassable. Enter Harriet Berry, graduate of the State Normal and Industrial College in Greensboro and staff member of the North Carolina State Geological and Economic Survey in 1901 and of the North Carolina Good Roads Association in 1902. She and state geologist Joseph Pratt worked relentlessly for two decades to bring the state good roads. While Pratt went off to war, Berry brought a road bill to the legislature. It was a bitter fight with much opposition, but Berry prevailed. State-funded roads became a reality.
Trains were a major form of travel in the state in the early 20th-century, but by 1921, North Carolinians owned over 136,000 automobiles. The most popular car was the Model-T, because of its reasonable price and reliability. North Carolina dirt roads, however, often impassable in wet weather. Turner discusses the work of Harriet Berry, whose work in the 1920s led to legislation that created all-weather roads in the state. As the decade closed, another type of transportation emerged -- the airplane.