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1. Is the Search tool the best way to find things in the Exhibits?
A2. No. The Exhibit provides a left frame to provide constant navigation tools for those whose browsers support frames. To accommodate users whose browsers do not support frames, all left frame links are provided in the main frame as well, mostly near the bottom of the main frame. Non-frames users may include those with older browsers and those who are visually impaired. If your browser does not support frames, you will only see the main frame.
Q3. Why are there two resolutions for the images in the Exhibits and what are these resolutions?
A3. Images give you a feel for what it would be like to see paper original manuscripts, books, photos, drawings, and text with special layouts. The Exhibits provides 72 dpi (dots per inch) and 300 dpi versions of images for these kinds of documents. An attempt has been made to display images in the same size as the paper original, except as noted below.
A4. No. Image data is loaded onto your screen in three passes. When browsing, this allows you to have an idea of what the document looks like after the first pass (for example whether it is a photograph or a letter). You will not be able to see the details of the image until all three passes of data are loaded. When an image begins to load, the dimensions needed to display the image are reserved on that web page. This allows your screen to show all text below the image before the image makes it's first full pass at image data loading. This makes it possible for you to click on the link to the transcription immediately, without waiting for the image to finish loading. This is especially valuable if you are mainly interested in the transcribed content of a document, rather than in the look of the original. If you go to the transcription before the image finishes loading, you can scroll back up to the image when you want to examine the image further.
Q5. Why are some documents available only as text with no accompanying image of the original?
A5. If the original is text intensive and the layout is smooth flowing text (that is, the meaning is not significantly affected by the layout), then a purely digital text edition of the original is provided. An example of this kind of document is a newspaper article that does not include photos, drawings, or other non-text elements.
These new digital editions are full-text searchable, whereas an image of the original typesetting would not be full-text searchable. Another advantage of a digital text edition is that the text will flow into any size window you want to use without a need for scrolling. Control of text flow allows a researcher support for the use of multiple on-screen windows, such as a window for the Exhibits in a browser and another window for a word processor where research notes may be typed.
Digital editions of some documents in the Exhibits may combine text and photos. In the case of such new editions, we have inserted images of the photos or other graphic elements in the place closest to the reference to that item. This luxury was not always available in the original typesetting where sometimes a picture was on a page following the reference to the subject matter, due to paper layout constraints. Examples of these combined text and photo digital editions include:
a)newspaper articles with photos and other graphic elements.
b)Illustrated City of Greenville, a picture book with text.
Q6. What are the elements of the bolded names of documents above the notes' area on document web pages?
A6. The elements, if applicable to the individual document, are: author, title, serial, and date. Serials also have the place of publication displayed following the serial name. If, for example, there is no author, or if the item is not a serial, then those elements are not included in this area near the top of the web page.
Q7. Are the "Notes" (near the top of the digital document pages) part of the text of the digital document?
A7. No. The Notes are written by subject specialists to give you some context for a document, such as information about the author's credentials or about the timeframe of the original document. The digital document begins following the bold announcement of the format of the original (book, pamphlet, manuscript, etc.) and whether the digital version is presented as text, image or both.
Q8. What is the purpose of the citation near the bottom of document pages?
A8. The citation is provided to make it easy for researchers to gather the elements needed for referencing the document. The citation provided is for the paper version of the document. Citation formats differ according to their use (footnote, endnote, bibliography, etc.) and the style required by a publisher or teacher. You should check whether your publisher or instructor wants you to follow the Chicago Style Manual, or the APA style guidelines, or some other style guidelines. Use and style will determine the order in which the elements are presented and the punctuation you will need to use.
You may have to re-order the citation elements (like author’s first and last name, etc.) and change the punctuation for citations you copy from this Exhibit. A popular style guide for citing the digital version of a document is The Columbia Guide to Online Style . To reference a digital document, this style guide suggests that you add (to the end of the original paper version citation) the URL where you read the document and the date (day month year in parenthesis) that you accessed the digital document.
A9. A collection guide describes the special collection to which a document belongs at a library. Looking at a collection guide can tell you more details about the collection, so that you can determine if you would like to visit the library to see more documents in that collection. A collection guide link is located near the bottom of some document pages. If there is no collectio guide link after the Call Number near the bottom of the document web page, then this document does not belong to a special collection in Joyner Library at East Carolina University. Instead the document may be housed in the General Stacks, in the North Carolina Collection, in which case there will be a link to the catalog record. The place where the original is housed is displayed between the Citation and Call Number as Location. You may want to browse Joyner Library’s East Carolina Manuscript Collection - Collection Guides to discover other manuscripts that may assist your research.
Q10. In documents that have been converted to text, why are some words repeated in brown with brackets?
A10. The brown words in brackets assist you in reading text documents by providing modern spelling, punctuation, corrected original typographical errors, and spelling out abbreviations. This makes it possible for you to confirm that the digitizers of materials for the Exhibits did not introduce any typing errors that you may find in the digitized text shown in black. It also aids your ease of reading, in case it is not obvious to you what archaically spelled word is in today's spelling. The brackets indicate information that has been added by the proofreaders of the digitized text.
An exception to this ease-of-reading support procedure is found in text written in the early eighteenth century. English spelling has changed so much since then that if modernizations were in brackets behind original spellings, then sometimes almost every word would have a brown bracketed modernization. To avoid this awkwardness in reading, text from this period is provided in two versions: original and modernized. The modernized is available below the original.
Q11. Why don't the thumbnails link to images?
A11. The thumbnails that you see beside the category names do not link to a larger image of that thumbnail. They are there as a representation of just one of the items in that particular category.
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