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Wright Brothers Centennial: North Carolina, Creation and Development of the State:


Subject: Eighth Grade Social Studies
Written by: Pam Laughinghouse, E.B. Aycock Middle School, Pitt County Schools


All Competency Goals for Eighth Grade Social Studies
All Skill Competency Goals for Grades K-12


Topics:
Technological changes
Geographic regions
View primary sources - diaries
Historical perspectives - journey to Kitty Hawk
Observations of soaring
View primary source - description of flights
View primary source - factual/fictional photo description
View primary source - photo inferences
Civic participation
Historical perspectives - observer vs. participant
History and legends


SUBJECT
COMPETENCY
OBJECTIVES
5.04: Identify technological advances, and evaluate their influence on the quality of life in North Carolina.
ESSENTIAL
QUESTIONS
Technological changes:
How has air travel changed over the century?

What impact did the flight of the Wright Brothers have on life in the Outer Banks?
RECOMMENDED
RESOURCES
Wright Brothers Centennial Exhibit
(http://www.lib.ecu.edu/exhibits/wright/index.html)

SKILL
COMPETENCY
OBJECTIVES
1.01: Read for literal meaning.
1.03: Draw inferences.
1.04: Detect cause and effect.
ESSENTIAL
QUESTIONS
Geographic regions
Locate Kitty Hawk. Factors for choosing Kitty Hawk.

Why Kitty Hawk?

What landforms and bodies of water influenced the location of the first flight at Kitty Hawk?
RECOMMENDED
RESOURCES
[Map of Outer Banks], North Carolina and Its Resources, 1896
(http://www.lib.ecu.edu/exhibits/wright/htmlFiles/NCMP.html)
Wings Over Kill Devil..., circa 1940
(http://www.lib.ecu.edu/exhibits/wright/htmlFiles/WOKD3.html)

SKILL
COMPETENCY
OBJECTIVES
1.01: Read for literal meaning.
1.08: Use context clues and appropriate sources such as glossaries, texts, and dictionaries to gain meaning.
2.01: Use appropriate sources of information.
2.02: Explore print and non-print materials.
3.05: Interpret history through artifacts, arts, and media.
ESSENTIAL
QUESTIONS
View primary sources:
What skills do we need to read and interpret historical documents from another time period?

How can we use context clues to help us understand difficult reading materials?

Why is it important to read primary sources?

How can we combine old materials and new technology to make information available?

How can historical artifacts make history come alive for the modern researcher?
RECOMMENDED
RESOURCES
Wright Brothers - Diaries
(http://www.lib.ecu.edu/exhibits/wright/diaries.html)

SUBJECT
COMPETENCY
OBJECTIVES
5.04: Identify technological advances, and evaluate their influence on the quality of life in North Carolina.
SKILL
COMPETENCY
OBJECTIVES
1.03: Draw inferences.
ESSENTIAL
QUESTIONS
Historical Perspectives: Wilbur Wright traveling to Kitty Hawk
Describe Wilbur Wright's first journey to Kitty Hawk. What might he have been feeling?
RECOMMENDED
RESOURCES
Wilbur Wright, [Diary Entry], 13 September 1900
(http://www.lib.ecu.edu/exhibits/wright/htmlFiles/W0h.html)

SUBJECT
COMPETENCY
OBJECTIVES
9.02: Identify past and present state and local leaders from diverse cultural backgrounds and assess their influence in affecting change.
SKILL
COMPETENCY
OBJECTIVES
1.03: Draw inferences.
1.04: Detect cause and effect.
ESSENTIAL
QUESTIONS
Observations of soaring:
Why would the Wright Brothers have observed birds?

How did their leadership affect change in the life of North Carolinians and in the lives of the United States and the world?
RECOMMENDED
RESOURCES
Wright Brothers Centennial Exhibit
(http://www.lib.ecu.edu/exhibits/wright/index.html)

SKILL
COMPETENCY
OBJECTIVES
1.02: Summarize to select main ideas.
3.05: Interpret history through artifacts, arts, and media.
ESSENTIAL
QUESTIONS
View primary source: (description of flights)
Read and summarize what occurred on Dec. 17-19, 1903.

What personal characteristics did the Wright Brothers need in order to succeed in their effort to fly
RECOMMENDED
RESOURCES
Orville Wright, [Diary Entry], December 1903
(http://www.lib.ecu.edu/exhibits/wright/htmlFiles/O3l2.html)

SUBJECT
COMPETENCY
OBJECTIVES
5.04: Identify technological advances, and evaluate their influence on the quality of life in North Carolina.
SKILL
COMPETENCY
OBJECTIVES
1.07: Distinguish fact and fiction.
ESSENTIAL
QUESTIONS
View primary source (photos):
Imagine that you were the man on the plane. How would you describe the thrill of the "first flight?"

View the photo and describe only the factual information you can gather from the photo.
RECOMMENDED
RESOURCES
[Nos Aeroplanes], circa 1909
(http://www.lib.ecu.edu/exhibits/wright/htmlFiles/WWPC.html)

SUBJECT
COMPETENCY
OBJECTIVES
5.04: Identify technological advances, and evaluate their influence on the quality of life in North Carolina.
SKILL
COMPETENCY
OBJECTIVES
1.03: Draw inferences.
ESSENTIAL
QUESTIONS
Viewing primary sources:
Choose one of the photos in this section. Based on the images, do you think perseverance was a necessary characteristic of the people involved in the success of the First Flight? Why or why not?
RECOMMENDED
RESOURCES
[Orville Wright Glider Flights - Sepia #2], 1911
(http://www.lib.ecu.edu/exhibits/wright/htmlFiles/SP2.html)
[551]
(http://www.lib.ecu.edu/exhibits/wright/htmlFiles/L551.html)
[560]
(http://www.lib.ecu.edu/exhibits/wright/htmlFiles/L560.html)
[561]
(http://www.lib.ecu.edu/exhibits/wright/htmlFiles/L561.html)
[569]
(http://www.lib.ecu.edu/exhibits/wright/htmlFiles/L569.html)
[571]
(http://www.lib.ecu.edu/exhibits/wright/htmlFiles/L571.html)
[572]
(http://www.lib.ecu.edu/exhibits/wright/htmlFiles/L572.html)
[573]
(http://www.lib.ecu.edu/exhibits/wright/htmlFiles/L573.html)
[580]
(http://www.lib.ecu.edu/exhibits/wright/htmlFiles/L580.html)

SUBJECT
COMPETENCY
OBJECTIVES
5.04: Identify technological advances, and evaluate their influence on the quality of life in North Carolina.
9.03: Describe opportunities for and benefits of civic participation.
SKILL
COMPETENCY
OBJECTIVES
1.02: Summarize to select main ideas.
2.02: Explore print and non-print materials.
2.03: Utilize different types of technology.
ESSENTIAL
QUESTIONS
Civic Participation:
Based on the secondary source about the memorial marker, what are some advantages in a community for its citizens to participate in civic activities?

Who were the local leaders in Kitty Hawk who helped make Kitty Hawk an important historical site?

How did these leaders change the life for their local community?

Why is important for local leaders to participate in civic activities?
RECOMMENDED
RESOURCES
"...Brothers' Memory", The Daily Advance, 18 November 1932
(http://www.lib.ecu.edu/exhibits/wright/htmlFiles/ACKH.html)
"...Birth of Flight", The Daily Advance, 18 November 1932
(http://www.lib.ecu.edu/exhibits/wright/htmlFiles/ASTR.html)
"...Resentment Seen...", The Daily Advance, 21 November 1932
(http://www.lib.ecu.edu/exhibits/wright/htmlFiles/DAFR.html)
"Memorial Is Erected...", The Daily Advance, 19 November 1932
(http://www.lib.ecu.edu/exhibits/wright/htmlFiles/DALC.html)

SKILL
COMPETENCY
OBJECTIVES
4.02: Examine, understand, and evaluate conflicting viewpoints.
ESSENTIAL
QUESTIONS
Historical Perspectives:
How does the point of view of an observer of a historical event differ from the point of view of the participants?
RECOMMENDED
RESOURCES
Arthur Ruhl, "History at Kill Devil Hill", Collier's, 30 May 1908 (http://www.lib.ecu.edu/exhibits/wright/htmlFiles/HKDH.html)

SKILL
COMPETENCY
OBJECTIVES
1.07: Distinguish fact and fiction.
ESSENTIAL
QUESTIONS
History and Legends:
How can fiction add to our understanding of historical events?
RECOMMENDED
RESOURCES
Wings Over Kill Devil..., circa 1940 (http://www.lib.ecu.edu/exhibits/wright/htmlFiles/WOKD00F.html)



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Page Updated 01 September 2004
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