EAST CAROLINA UNIVERSITY
GREENVILLE. NORTH CAROLINA
Intramural fields to stand untouched another semester
RugjDy and Lacrosse
teams will continue to
practice in alternate areas
CRAIC D. RAMEY
Delicate soil on the new intramural fields
will keep lacrosse and rugby players off their
fields until next fall.
To erect the new fields, ECU pulled out
all of the existing grass at the intramural
field off of Charles Blvd and brought in
new dirt and grass to take its place. This
grass replacement will cause rugby and
lacrosse teams to be shuffled across
Greenville so they can practice and
"We started from scratch said Gray
Hodges, assistant director of informal
recreational club sports. "That's why the
project has not been completed
The estimated SI.7 million project was
originally scheduled to be completed by
"The new grass has to be treated with a
lot of care Hodges said. "You can't just put
down the grass and then play on it a few
days later. If it is too cold the roots will go
dormant and they don't have a chance to
grow. If we get some warm weather we may
have the field going by the spring. We want
to make sure that it's playable. Sometimes
that takes patience. Visually it's a nice play
field, but the grass needs to root
While the lacrosse and rugby teams are
waiting for the field to be remodeled, they
are playing in other areas of Greenville to
stay in the game. ECU just held a lacrosse
tournament on the north and south sides of
the football stadium and the rugby team has
played four of their home games at E.B.
Aycock High School. According to Hodges,
the wait will be worth it.
"We will have a top-notch facility
Hodges said. "In addition to our recreation
center, ECU will be a first-class university,
as far as sports go, once the field is
Remodeling of the fields will include a
field house to hold all of the intramural
sports equipment. New lights will be added
to the parking lot, as well as bicycle racks to
make the area more safe and easily
accessible. Eight of the 10 fields that will be
built will also be lit up for night play.
Joyner Library construction project on schedule, slated for summer
Anticipated date of
completion set for
. NATASHA PHILLIPS
After many months spent walking
past continuous construction on
Joyner Library, students may be able
to enjoy the full results of the
renovation by next summer.
"Jury 15, 1998 is the anticipated
date of competition. As of now,
we're on time; however, it's difficult
to say if we'll finish on schedule
said John Shenettc, construction
Phase 2, which primarily focuses
on the completion of Joyner's new
entrance, is scheduled to be
completed later this month.
"Both the North and South Plaza
areas should be completed in
January. We're currently working on
the South Plaza area; however, the
North Plaza section will be
completed when students return
after Christmas break. After the
holidays, students will be able to use
the new entrance Shenettc said.
Phase 3 is Joyncr Library's final
construction stage. Construction is
scheduled to begin in January and
end sometime during mid-summer.
"Phase 3 consists mainly of
remodeling the older section of the
library. The idea is to make the
older part look like the newer
section. The old should blend with
the new. In the end, the entire
library will look like a new library
said George Harrell, assistant vice
chancellor for administration and
The construction project has
gone fairly smoothly with no major
setbacks or unexpected upsets.
"The most difficult aspect has
been trying to physically occupy the
building while construction is going
on. It's been difficult, but
interesting. Other than that, there
haven't been any real difficulties
With or without difficulties, the
library should be completed next
summer. By Fall 1998, ECU
students will definitely be able to
take full advantage of Joyner's new
facilities and ample resources.
"After the new section is
completed, it will positively benefit
the student body. It will be an
environment much more conducive
to learning Harrell said.
According to John Shenette. construction on Joyner Library is going as planned and
should be completed as scheduled.
f HE PHOTO
University: One Card
does it all on campus
Additional features planned for future
Pirates aboard Queen Anne's Revenge
AMBKR T.VII M
Many students have applied for their new ECU One-Card, while
others still need to apply. The new system includes many present
and possible future services not provided by the old card system.
The Gold Key Account, one feature of this new system, is a
university spending account.
"It's like a cash account for the university. It can be used for
stuff like buying prescriptions at the Student Health Center or
paying Parking and Traffic debts said Jennifer Sufton, director
of the One-Card System.
This can be applied to work as a meal card, as well as the
Debitek card. Also, athletic events and library fines can be paid.
Soon after students, faculty and staff start using the card at the
SEE ONE CARD. PAGE 4
About the Ship:
Concord built in England
about 1710 and captured
by French late that year.
About 300 tons with 20-26
Captured by Blackbeard in
Caribbean, Nov. 1717
while engaged in the slave
trade as Concorde under
Student. Seth McGuchie, uses his one-card at the Wright Place, just one of
the many options the card has to offer.
PHOTO 8T JONATHAN GREEN
Use as your official ECU identification
Use at university libraries
Use for campus dining meal plan or declining balance account
Use in vending machines and copiers
Use for financial aid deferment account to purchase books at
Use for athletic and event tickets
Use at the Student Health Center
Use at the Student Recreation Center
FUTURE USES OF THE 1 CARD
Use for door access to residence halls and campus facilities
Use in student government elections
Use to play intramural sports
Use to pay parking fines
Use to purchase stamps and send parcels at University Mail Services
armament to about 40
guns, probably by adding
small rail guns, renamed
ship Queen Anne's
Revenge and used her as
a flag ship.
Ran aground entering
Beaufort Inlet, June 1718
Cathy Fach and Ryan Harris prepare to make a dive into the waters of the Beaufort Inlet in search of artifacts that belonged to
the once lost pirate, Blackbeard.
PHOTO COURTESY Of GEOGRAPHY 0EPT.
Nautical Archaeology faculty and graduate
students assist officials with recovery process
6 I ,1 L. "� J
Two miles off the coast of Beaufort lies the
wreckage of what many think may have been the 18th
century pirate Blackbeard's flagship, the Queen
In conjunction with the state Underwater
Archaeology Unit, five staff members and seven
graduate students sifted through the remains from
September to late October.
"There is a very large encrustaceon on the bottom
that is in a heap with cannons and anchors and other
scattered ship remains said Dr. Timothy Runyon,
director of Maritime History and Nautical
Archaeology at ECU.
"So far 15 cannons have been found this makes
it more likely that it was the Queen Anne's Revenge
Runyon said, adding that each cannon was six feet
long and weighed nearly 2,000 pounds when it came
out of the water.
SEE BLACKBEARD. PAGE 4
EOrigins obscure; English, maybe from
istol or London area
Even true name unclear - evidence
indicates his name was Edward Thatch
(or similar) AKA Edward Teach.
�Began his career as a pirate sometime
after 1713 as a crewman with Benjamin
�Commanded his own vessel from 1716,
sailing with Homigold.
�Homigold took amnesty offer in late
1717. Blackbeard continued his career
until he amassed a company of four
vessels and over 300 pirates by spring of
�Blackbeard mounted a major attack on
coast of North America in May 1718,
climaxing in a one-week blockade of
Charleston, S.C. late in the month.
�After the loss of Queen Anne's Revenge
and the sloop adventure at Beaufort in
June 1718, Blackbeard took about 100 of
his band with him in another sloop, which
he renamed Adventure and abandoned
JBIackbeard was killed at Ocracoke Inlet
Nov. 22,1718 in battle with Royal Navy
warships. He had captured over 40 ships
during his life.
s Low 50
y partly cloudy
f V High 75
; . � y tt 1 m
Did you know
percent of ECU'S
Keep your cool during
Holiday movies to warm
Lady Pirates defeat ACC
the east Carolinian
STUDENT PUBUCATION BLDG.
GREENVILLE. NC 27858
across Irom Joyner library
2 Thursday, December 4,1997
The East Carolinian
Fog warning system on
140 due in January
CANTON, N.C. (AP) � A $1
million fog-detection and warning
system should be up and running
on Interstate 40 in western North
Carolina in mid-January, the
project's contractor says.
Once installed, the system will
be designed to warn motorists of
dense tog in the low-lying areas
between mile markers 28-34 near
Canton in Haywood County.
Its completion will come two
years after a 46-car pileup in
January 1996 along that same fog-
prone stretch killed a Buncombe
County man and left 18 others
Yadkin Board deletes
tobacco from resolution
YADKINVILLE, N.C. (AP) �
County commissioners deleted
tobacco from a report on
substance abuse, saying they had
too much respect for the crop and
the farmers who grow it.
The resolution was part of a
substance abuse prevention
report and mentioned drugs,
alcohol and tobacco. By the time
the board voted on the
report.tobacco was left out of the
wording. Instead, the resolution
said "alcohol and other drugs
Dinner at the manor
An Elizabethan-style feast that
recreates the lavish banquets held
in English manor houses during
the late 16th and 17th centuries
will be held in Mendenhall
Student Center through Dec. 7.
The Madrigal Dinners feature
food and a variety of entertainers
including musicians, singers,
dancers, a magician, a storyteller
and a jester. The dinner program
starts at 7 p.m. except on Sunday
when the dinner is at 5 p.m. for
more information, call 328-4788 or
Blood drive planned
There will be a Red Cross blood
drive in Mcndenhall Student
Center from 10 a.m. to 4 p.m.
participates in Swan
ECU's field Station for Coastal
Studies will have an open house
during the Swan Days festival this
weekend at Lake Mattamuskcct.
The old lodge will be decorated for
Christmas and there will be arts
and crafts and workshops on
Saturday and Sunday. The field
station's facilities at the lodge
include nine dormitory rooms, a
lounge and kitchen. ECU uses the
space for research and retreats.
"Holidays in Motion"
planned at Rec Center
Recreational Services will be
hosting the workout party of the
year on Tuesday, Dec. 9, at 5:30
p.m. in the Student Recreational
Center. Holidays in Motion is a
one hour, multi-impact aerobics
class that will feature great
instructors, music to get you in the
spirit, lots of Holiday prizes,
decorations, and sixty minutes of
"get your body and soul" in shape
for the season Information will be
available regarding our 1998
aerobics class line-up and new
Aerobics Pass options for the
spring. This superclass is free of
charge to all SRC members with a
donation of a toy, or a non-
perishable food item to be sent to
the Battered Women's Shelter of
New members inducted
into Beta Gamma Sigma
ECU's chapter of Beta Gamma
Sigma inducted new members,
Jody Lee Myers and Sean
Raymond Woehrle, on November
17. Beta Gamma Sigma is the
national honor society for schools
of business. Membership in Beta
Gamma Sigma is the highest
national recognition a student can
receive in an undergraduate or
graduate program in business.
Petro Star buys
operations at Kodiak,
ANCHORAGE (AP) � Petro
Srar Inc a subsidiary of Arctic
Slope RegionalCorp is
purchasing fuel distribution
operations in Kodiak and Dutch
Harbor, the company said.Petro
Star said it plans to purchase
Kodiak Oil Sales Inc. and Petro
Marine Services' docks,
warehouses and storage tanks in
Dutch Harbor. Terms were not
Petro Star refines oil in Valdez
and North Pole, and runs
distribution and marketing
operations out of those
communities. The company has
been searching for ways to expand
its fuel distribution, said Steve
Lewis, chief executive.
Mother sentenced in
death of baby
LAGRANGE, Ga. (AP) � A 19-
year-old woman who killed her
infant by leaving him inside a hot
automobile has been sentenced to
eight years in prison.
Police said Samantha Smith of
Hogansville left her 5-month-old
son Austin in the car June 12 with
his 2-year-old sister for 45 minutes
while Ms. Smith visited a friend.
The toddler, Christianna
Burdette, suffered from
dehydration and now is living with
Accidental Damage - A staff
member reported her vehicle
was dented while parked south
of Mendenhall. It was
determined that two AramurK
staff members damaged the
vehicle during a dispute. Both
stated they would pay for the
Breaking & Entering a
Vending Machine - A staff
member reported the breaking
and entering of a vending
machine in Fletcher Hall, food
items and currency were
removed from the machine.
Larceny - A student reported
the larceny of his bicycle from
Summons for Alcohol
Violation - A student was served
with a summons drawn by the
Greenville Police Department
for possession of alcohol.
Dispute - A staff member
reported that two subjects were
involved in a dispute on the
south side of Mendenhall. The
subjects were contacted and the
dispute was resolved.
Assist Rescue - A student was
transported to PCMH by
Greenville Rescue after
collapsing and having seizures at
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Van Gogh painting sold
for nearly $700,000
(AP) � An early Van Gogh
painting of a gloomy country
cottage and a peasant woman sold
at auction Tuesday for $693,000
almost three times higher than
predicted. The small oil on
canvas, "Cottage had been
valued from $160,000 to
$250,000, much lower than
masterpieces from the artist's
later periods, which fetch tens of
millions of dollars.
The identities of the private
buyer and the previous owner
were not revealed.
Nation of Islam leader
asks to visit Isreal on
JERUSALEM (AP) � Nation
of Islam leader Louis Farrakhan,
known for his virulent anti-
Semitic remarks, has asked for
permission to visit Israel as part of
his world "friendship tour the
Foreign Ministry said today.
Fire - A subject reported a fire
near the concrete stairway
between the commuter lot on
College Hill Drive and Jones
Hall. Officers were able to
extinguish the fire with water
and a fire extinguisher.
Larceny - A student reported
the larceny of his bicycle from
the rack west of Aycock Hall.
Assist Rescue - A student was
transported to PCMH from
north of the police department
after she tripped over a wall and
injured her ankle.
Larceny - A student reported
the larceny of her wallet from a
room in the Biology Building.
The wallet was found by an
officer investigating another
larceny earlier in the day.
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Larceny - A staff member
reported the larceny of his
parking decal. The vehicle was
parked south of the Irons
Criminal Damage to Property
- A Gamete I fall resident
reported a dent to his vehicle
while it was parked northwest of
Assist Rescue - An officer
responded to a call at Gotten
Hall to check on a student
complaining of hives.
Greenville Rescue was called
and the student was transported
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New parking lot to provide 76 spaces
object to location
NEWS STAFF WRITER
A new parking lot will be added to
the already growing number of
ECU renovation projects
The 76 new parking spaces will
be located near the current
freshman lot by the football and
Junior elementary education
s oiu iiorus
Mon - Th.
SI K I C I MOIKS
Mon- Fri 8:OOam - 5:30pm
Saturday 8:OOam - 3:OOpm
2-4 hour drop off
major Krystyna Dehu
placement of the lot.
"The location is
The availability of
parking will be limited
to university registered,
According to Johnny
Eastwood, the ECU
director of parking and
freshman parking will
not be allowed. The
anticipated completion of the
project is next week.
When asked, freshman
students as well as
seemed to think this
lot needed a little
more than blueprints
major Kristy Daniel
should have a say in
where new lots are
students' space for
tailgating and other
campus is a
football festivities, I think that the
students opinions should
definitely be considered Daniel
Since freshman will not be able
to park in these spaces, that leaves
upper class students.
Some think the privilege of
being an upperclassmen is to be
able to park on campus, or at least
somewhere near it. There have
. been objections to the location of
the new lot, which is almost right
beside the distant freshman lot.
"Parking on campus is a
privilege that comes with being an
upperclassman Dehu said.
Financial aid services available on Internet
Packets are available
for students now
Standing in line at the financial
aid office may soon be a thing of
A web page has been set up
for ECU students to find
information about available
"The financial aid office
notifies students about money
available through signs placed in
high student traffic areas mail
notices and our web page said
Rose Mary Stelma, director of
student financial aid.
Students can find the web
page by looking up the ECU home
page at www.ecu.edu. After
entering into the home page,
open the student life section and
then open financial aid.
"Many people do not know
how to get to our web page
because it is hidden under
different areas on the ECU home
page Stelma said.
The home page links students
to other scholarship links and
allows students to access
information that would not have
been readily available.
"The web page is great for
students and you can connect
through to other links. One
terrific link is
The only problem with the
Internet is that the financial aid
population is not the same
population that would have their
own computers. Also, the
accessibility to campus computers
is hard because they are always so
busy Stelma said.
One of the links that can be
obtained allows students to file
for financial aid over the Internet.
Students can either file it on the
Internet or download the
"Financial aid packets are now
being made available so students
can have them ready for January.
You can also enter your financial
aid packet by an online
application process. The address
is on the front of the packet, and
the application is guided so it
make it virtually impossible to
make a mistake Stelma said.
ECU uses all of the financial
aid that is awarded to our campus.
There are many rumors about the
amount of money that goes
unclaimed, but the information
was based on a study done 20
years ago. There is no information
that unclaimed money is actually
available to be claimed.
"There are many myths about
financial aid; there really is not
$6.6 billion that went unclaimed.
On our campus, we were awarded
$50 million and $38 million was all
loans. We overspend our budget
here Stelma said.
So, what does this mean for
are set up for
money is not
g e �
If you want
to go to
can find a
way, but they may not
ideals Stelma said.
page is great
and you can
not y , � �
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Geography Quiz Bowl
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To find out what the capitoI of
Rwanda is, ask Michael Russell,
Rich Elkins or any other
member of East Carolina's
Geography Quiz Bowl team.
Russell and Elkins are among
the best geography wizards in
Russell, a geography major,
went to Birmingham, Ala. from
Nov. 23-25, 1997, and helped
the North Carolina World
Geography Quiz Bowl team win
the Southeastern Conference
Elkins, a geography graduate
student, almost won the same
title the year before. He even
competed for the National
Championship two years ago.
"I was on the North Carolina
team four years in a row, but we
never won the title. Once I got
chosen to represent the
Southeastern States in the
National's, which was an
honorable experience for me
But in order to participate for
North Carolina's team, both had
to stand out at the North
Carolina Quiz Bowl first, where
they represented ECU. Both
were the leading figures for
ECU winning in 1996 for the
first time in North Carolina's
Geography Quiz Bowl history.
By answering comprehensive
questions, such as "name the
main Japanese islands from the
smallest to the biggest for ten
points they helped ECU's
team to win the trophy at
Greensboro last year.
Because of a new rule, ECU's
Geographv Quiz Bowl team
couldn't defend its title this
year at the University of North
Carolina at Chapel Hill.
"The new 'Rich Elkins-Rule'
made it pretty tough for our
team to defend the title said
Scott Wade, ECU's team faculty
According to that new rule,
no team is allowed to have a
student who already competed
more than three times.
Nevertheless ECU's six
went to Chapel Hill on Oct. 24,
with Elkins, who competed
three times already for ECU and
was the leading figure for the
team last year. But this year he
was limited to helping Wade
coach the ECU team, which
consisted of two geography
graduate students, Sara
Johnson, team captain, and
Jason Woodland; and three
majors, Chris Cabrel, Eva
McKeel, and Russell.
Despite losing last year's
captain, the team finished with
a 3-4 record and a total of 582.5
points, earning a fourth place
spot. After four losses in a row,
the team won its last three
games against the UNC
Wilmington, Greensboro, and
Chapel Hill teams. Appalachian
State University, which ECU
defeated in Greensboro in the
last year's final, won against
UNC-Charlotte with a score of
125 to 85 in their final game.
"It was pretty exciting to
compete against North
Carolina's best geography
students, and considering that
we didn't have Rich Elkins on
our team, we did quite well
said team captain Johnson, who
competed for the first time.
Johnson said the tournament
was very well organized and
included an impressive buffet
for all competitors, which made
the players feel better after
giving away their trophy.
Russell, who competed the
second time this year, stepped
up for the geography team by
being ranked at fourth place in
the individual ranking list with
an average of 20 points per
round. His outstanding
performance secured him a
place on North Carolina's team,
which won the tournament over
the Thanksgiving weekend.
The tournament was in
conjunction with the
Association of American
conference in Birmingham.
North Carolina's six finished
with a 7-1 winning record before
they won against the defending
champions from Alabama with a
score of 155 to 95. Russell said it
was the first time North
Carolina had won the
Southeastern Conference Quiz
4 Thursday, Dtctmbir 4. 1387
Tht E�t Carolinian
UN official plans to visi
Iraq, discuss access to
continued from page 1
UNITED NATIONS (AP) �
Britain circulated a resolution
Wednesday to the United Nations
Security Council which may lead
to increases in the amount of oil
Iraq could sell to buy food and
medicine for its people, who are
suffering the effects of seven
years of sanctions.
The draft, supported by the
United States, would also renew
for another six months the
program under which Iraq can sell
dlrs 2.14 billion worth of oil every
180 days to buy humanitarian
But the draft contained no
explicit promise of an increase in
oil revenues. Instead, it would
have the council express its
willingness" to consider ways to
improve food supplies and
"additional resources which may
be needed to meet priority
humanitarian needs Britain's
draft would give Secretary-
General Kofi Annan 90 days to
report on the state of the food and
medicine distribution system
inside Iraq and on
vIraq's capacity to export
sufficient quantities of
The current six-month phase
of the oil-for-food plan, which
began last year, expires at
midnight Thursday. No vote was
Iraq has complained that the
program has failed to alleviate
suffering. UNICEF reported last
week that 960,000 Iraqi children
suffer from malnutrition and that
oil-for-food has failed to improve
Those complaints have been
voiced for months. But they have
taken on new urgency in the wake
of the crisis last month over Iraq's
order to expelAmericans working
for the U.N. weapons inspection
beginning of spring semester
1998, it will gain the purpose of
clearance for resident halls and
other facilities as well.
"The One-Card contains
something called a proximity chip
which will eventually replace
dorm keys Sutton said.
Considering the replacement
cost of those keys is $90 and only
$15 for the new card, this proves
more efficient for those
unfortunate pirates who have lost
This voucher may also be used
as a dependent card for any
contingent of a student or faculty
member to get into movies at
Hendrix Theater and other
"They (students and faculty)
can let their children use it to get
into movies (at Hendrix) Sutton
ECU is following in the
footsteps of various universities
'mraf eshb Kf ft;
that already have a system like
"We (ECU) are trying to
remain competitive with other
schools Sutton said. "As this will
be used as keys and for spending
money, students will be safer for
not having to carry cash. This is
the kind of the thing that parents
and students especially look at
In the next phase of the ECU
One-Card, they may be used to
purchase food from places like
McDonald's or Taco Bell.
"We will be looking into this in
the future Sutton said.
i-H s 2!e;h& MfKiia saHKwsi Mifciia see
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continued fiom page 1
The large number of cannons
found substantiates the opinion
that the wreck may have been the
grounded flagship, since
Blackbeard's ship was supposedly
equipped with nearly 40 such
Originally the ship was a French
slave trading vessel called the
Concord. Biackbeard captured
the ship in the Caribbean and later
ran it aground with his crew on
board while going to Bath to get
married for the 14th time.
Blackbeard's loss is a valuable
experience for student divers from
ECU's Nautical Archaeology
One of only two such graduate
programs in the nation, the
university draws students from as
fat away as Greece.
Not only does ECU boast four
boats for this program, but it also
owns two of the key pieces of
equipment that were used on the
A Sonic High Accuracy
Ranging and Positioning System
(SHARPS), which can help
pinpoint the location of artifacts
underwater and uses a computer
to produce a picture of the
location, and a magnomctcr, which
helps find metallic objects
underwater, were both used on the
dive. Each of these mechanisms
costs about $30,000.
In addition to these, ECU has a
lab with anchors and other finds
that have been acquired on past
dives to help teach students the
art of preservation.
"Students work on other
anchors from 17th and 18th
century ships to learn to conserve
artifacts from the sea. You can't
just bring things out and let them
sit, especialrv after they have been
underwater for 300 years Runyon
The students also have been on
dives as far away as the British
West Indies and plan to go to Saint
Augustine, FL this year.
Graduate student Cathy Fach
says that working on this site
through this program was a truly
"I was getting the opportunity
to dive on a site that everyone
wants to get a look at the wreck
itself, even though you can't tell
it's a ship, it still has lots of
cannons and anchors the visual
interpretation will be impressive
to see Fach said.
Those working on this dive
only had a visibility of three to 10
feet while excavating to the 25
foot depth of the wreck.
Adding to the difficulty of the
dive is the fact that the upper
level had been worn away by time
and by a ship worm called teredo
novalis that attacks wood in the
water and digests the cellulose
fiber of which it is constructed.
Subsequently, the main finds
of the dive have been metallic,
such as the cannons and a large
pewter dish that was nearly
crushed underneath one of the
"It's rare you get a complete
vessel Runyon said. "But we do
not recover treasure; we arc
interested in the historical
However, treasure hunters arc
just what Runyon fears.
Intersal (the sal stands for
salvage), a Florida based company,
was the first to discover the site,
operating on a permit granted by
the state. Once
their findings were reported, the
state stepped in to properly
excavate the site for historical and
archeological purposes. But the
relentless search for riches had
already damaged some of the site.
The state still has to come to a
mutual agreement with the
corporation about legal rights to
"This is important to us
because we do not work with
treasure hunters. They're
interested in whatever objects of
value may be on board they will
come and blast away we want to
sift Runyon said.
But there's one group that
doesn't appreciate either faction.
"The fish that occupy the
wreck site have adopted it as their
home and they become defensive.
One fish bit one of the students
on the ear because he wanted to
be left alone Runyon said.
For now the excavation
attempts are over until the
weather becomes more temperate
in the spring and summer. The
ship, which was discovered in
1996, will be left untouched under
the protection of the state and
alone at sea like it has been for
over 200 years.
The ECU Madrigal Dinners. Song, dance, story telling, magic and
a full-course Elizabethan feast. Usher in the holidays with a slice of
time-tested tradition. ECU students dine for just15.
Meal card and declining balance honored.
DEC.4-6 AT 7 P.M. AND DEC7 AT 5 RM. IN THE GREAT ROOM
Bust Out with BINGO
By popular demand, Bingo is here on the regular. Come play the numbers
and win cash and prizes. Admission is free.
FRIDAY, DEC 5 AT 8 P.M. IN ROOM 244
WEDNESDAY, DEC. 10 AND FRIDAY, DEC. 12 IN AT 8 P.M.IN ROOM 221
Senate Democrats propose
freezing tuition hikes
HARTFORD, Conn. (AP) State
college-students could get a break
at tuition time next year under a
proposal by Senate Democrats
who want to use $12.8 million in
state surplus to free2e anticipated
tuition and fee hikes at
The idea, meanwhile, is
getting a lukewarm reception
from the governor's office. Tuition
and fees arc scheduled to increase
in the 1998-1999 academic year
under the state's current budget.
Senate President Pro Temporc
Kevin Sullivan said Monday
lawmakers could allocate money
� during the 1998 legislative sessfei
to defray the increases.
"Higher education is more
than a personal benefit said
Sullivan, D-Wcst Hartford. "It's
an investment in a better future
for our state economy and all of us
Democrats said that starting in
1998, tuition and fees at the
University of Connecticut are
expected to increase $3.3 million.
The four state universities are
scheduled to, raise fees and
tuitions $2.9 million and
community-technical college fees
and tuitions are to go up by $2.6
' The call for a tuition freeze
using the state's hearty surplus
comes a week after Senate
Democrats were blamed for
helping kill a proposal to build
UConn a $100 million football
stadium. Higher education
Republican Gov. John G.
Rowland proposed cutting last
year, also is becoming an election-
year issue as the 1998 campaigns
begin. Rowland spokesman Dean
Pagani said the governor has been
trying to keep student costs down
last year by demanding lowered
But Pagani said the state
surplus should either be used in
case of emergency, or for all
"The surplus is to be put into
the Rainy Day Fund or returned
to the taxpayers in the form of a
tax cut Pagani said. Connecticut
ended the last fiscal year with a
$263 million surplus, or about 2.6
percent of the state's $10 billion
UConn trustees in July
approved a 3 percent tuition hike
beginning in 1998. For in-state
undergraduates who live on
campus that means their tuition
will increase by $124 a year, to
The Connecticut State
University system has proposed a
$52 increase for in-state students
beginning in 1998. That would be
a 2.5 percent hike, from the
current $2,068. Out-of-state
tuition would remain $6,674,
according to the proposal.
"By putting the brakes on
tuition and fee increases, we keep
the doors to our public colleges
and universities open for students
from working families said Sen.
Donald Williams Jr D-
Besides freezing the cost
increases, about $4 million of the
surplus money would go to
financial aid programs at public
and independent colleges,
If you have trouble getting where you need to go for weekends or
holidays, check out the RideRider Board at the foot of the stairs in the
basement at Mendenhall Student Center.
Chasing Amy (R) screens in Hendrix Theatre on Dec 4-6 at 8 p.m.
Your student ID gets you and a guest in for free.
The Right Thing
The Ronald McDonald House needs non-perishable goods to help
needy families through the holiday season. For every two items you
donate, Mendenhall Recreation Area will reward you with a coupon
good for a free game of bowling or a half-hour of billiards.
Collection runs through Dec. to in the Mendenhall Recreation Area
Mendenhall Student Center is here for you as the semester winds down.
Take advantage of our extended exam hours. Cram for those big tests
in our quiet,designated study areas.
Group-study roor� can be reserved in advance.
Call Teresa at a28-4731 for reservations.
Mendenhall is supplying your fix of coffee and refreshments.
MENDENHALL'S EXAM PLAN IS IN EFFECT DEC. 12-19.
- � t
SERVICES: Central Ticket Office � Bowling � Billiards � Video Games � Student Locator Service
� ATMs � Food � Computer Lab � TV Lounge � RidesRiders Board � Art Gallery m
HOURS: Mon - Thurs. 8 a.m11 p.m Fri. 8 a.ml 2 a.m Sat. 12 p.m12 a.m Sun. 1 p.m11 p.m. g
&? f 5 Mf mi 15 Klfcf 15 Mlfciff 5i Ml la
II llji 111 llll. III
5 Thursday. December 4,1997
5 Lb. Bag
� . - - �-
�reat Savings Throughout!
Vrices Effective f Hrough Pec. 9, 1997
Frico� tn Thi fi.d ttUcthrm Wednesday, October 22 Through October 24, 1997 In Our dtwemrille Area Store
Only, We Berve The Sight to Limited OAtantrUe. Mm Soil !& Dealer. We (Madly Accept federal feed Stamp
vy v. x A A jl Vy k3
The East Carolinian -
W ' FBBW� 1��BBJBB�
FOR US TO
Nick Holt and Kate Komi
Seventeen Days In May
Von frit�� W- crfefthcad
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Lake Imp USA
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5 Mother: Sp.
10 Vacation spot
14 October gem
15 Perfect image
18 Family member
19 Columbus' ship
25 Fall bloom
30 � under
35 Rock group
36 Martini garnish
38 Sailing vessel
41 Last letter
42 Garden tool
48 Applicants to
53 Postal workers
56 Drag out
61 Allow to enter
63 Culture medium
64 Depend (upon)
65 Antler carrier
66 Kind of rig
68 Speak under
01997 Tribuna Media Services, Inc.
All rights received.
Answers from Tuesday
DETER� l1ED� 1DAS
EXERT1o� aV AEjRSE
LESJTfJ 1O TAfj1NTRO
1 Outer wrap
4 Passed, as time
6 Mine entrance
7 Poor grade
8 Speed contests
10 Reign over
11 Opera solo
12 Supplies with a
21 Com unit
23 Mexican title
25 Made one's own
27 Get around
28 Bit of color
33 Heroic actions
38 Milk fat
40 Blackmailer, e.g.
45 Material in a
49 � Grande
51 Give to
53 Red planet
54 Toward shelter
55 Capri, e.g.
56 Leaning tower
57 Molding style
62 Stooge name
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AMY L.ROVSTER EdiKX
Celeste Wilson Managing ew
MATT HEGE MyanitinrjC
AMANDA AUSTIN NmEfegr
JACQUELINE D. KELLUM AM.towtE&in
anoy Turner utayiaE
John Davis i
Amanda Ross StvnEattor
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JOHN MURPHY Staff Ukutran
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Tin Em CiraliniiH
With die semester coming quickly to a close and with exams looming just over the horizon,
there is a lot to stress out a student in the coming weeks. We have to worry about taking our
finals, remembering everything we've learned this semester for one last time. We have the worry
of our final grades, the worry that our carefree ways during the semester will do us in.
We at TEC want to simply remind you don't stress too much. Stay calm, stay cool and hang
in there. We know it's easier said than done, but it can be done. Remember that your teachers
were students too.
Remember to prioritize your time and manage it well. Decide what's important to do � it
may not necessarily be what you want to do, but what must be done. Save what you want to do
for a study break. Use your time effectively. Build in time for study breaks.
Remember to prioritize your activities as well; which is more important: going downtown or
studying for that chemistry final? One night of fun or another semester of chemistry? Which is
more important: your fraternity or your college education? You can't be in the fraternity if you're
not in college.
We're not saying don't have fun; we're simply saying decide what's important and exercise a
little self-discipline. After all, we're all adults here; we can get through this.
And hopefully, if you've been studying all along as you should have been, you'll be okay.
Cramming isn't as effective as you might think. Neglecting your studies throughout the
semester can cause undue worry .and stress. Remember that next semester.
Don't let the stress that comes with not being prepared get to you; don't let the stress of all
the looming exams get to you. Don't let the worry of what to get everyone for Christmas get to
you. Don't let the stress of graduating � you lucky ones � keep your from graduating.
The end of the semester can be a stressful time for a college student. By remembering what's
important and managing time well, you'll reduce your stress and make exam time less harried
Strive for best as semester closes
" takes a person of great
courage to forge ahead and do
what he honestly believes to be
right when the critics are
howling against him
I challenge you to summon up
that strength, that courage
to believe in yourself,
to believe in your purpose.
It is that time of year again. We
have suffered through pop quizzes,
all night cram sessions, the writing
of papers until five in the morning.
We have worked and worked and
worked and now the fall semester
is drawing to a close. It seems like
it has moved so very, very fast.
Far those of you who have
endured the grueling three
absence attendance policy set by
most profs, congratulations. For
those of you who have endured
early morning classes, coupled with
dry-mouthed hangovers, a hearty
Congrats. Far those of you who have
decided that college is important
and that you do want and need a
college degree, congratulations
There are times when college
seems daunting. There are times
when all you want to do is pack it
up, head home, get a job and move
elsewhere with your life. There are
courses that just seem too tough. I
will be the first to admit it.
It took me five years to graduate
from ECU. I experienced just
about every aspect of college life
that would make my parents want
to see a counselor. However, I have
endured. I decided that I was not a
quitter�that as rough as the road
seemed, college graduation is a sign
of accomplishment that I can live
with the rest of my life.
I challenge you to do the same.
As tiring as this semester has
been, you know as well as I do that
the next two weeks will be even
more grueling. Final papers and
tests are upon us. Exam week
begins December 12 � eight days
from now. It is time to say to
yourself that you will kick it into
overdrive. That you will skip
downtown just one week and focus
on that paper or test that is coming
up Thursday or Friday.
Now is the time to take
advantage of the wonderful library
(Joyner, in case you are unfamiliar)
this university has provided us
with, to spend a couple of nights
studying, to maybe even do a little
research for that one last paper that
is due next Monday or Tuesday. I
know you can apply yourself for just
two weeks. Do it. It will be
satisfying come Christmas time.
I broke up with my girlfriend
this weekend. We have been
together for over a year. We have
been to California, Vermont, New
York. We took part in my brother's
wedding just over a month ago.
There are things between her and I
that can never be replaced. In
truth, my heart feels like it is going
through a meat-grinder.
This hour seems particularly
grimbut I will not falter. I will
continue onward. I will not be
stopped. I have a paper due
Tuesday and a portfolio Monday I
must finish Moby Dick by week's
end. And believe me when I tell
you this: I will prevail.
I say this in part to make myself
more staunch. I say this because I
am tired. I am weary. I feel like I
want to pack it up and move up to
Asheville and get a job. Hell, I've
got a college degree; I could do it
But how would I feel having half
done my Master's degree? What
would I say to myself ten years
from now? "I could have finished
my graduate degree, but I was just
too tired I will not be
defeated. And I challenge each and
everyone of you to do the same.
Decide yours is a life that controls
its own destiny. Decide that you
will overcome. Decide that no
matter how bleak it seems, no
matter how much it hurts, THAT
YOU WILL SUCCEED.
I look at an aphorism I have
pinned above my workstation: "It
takes a person of great courage to
forge ahead and do what he
honestly believes to be right when
the critics are howling against
I challenge you to summon up
that strength, that courage. 1
challenge you to believe in yourself,
to believe in your purpose. I truly
want each and every person to
succeed. I know I will�now how
to the Editor
Columnist Cooper needs to vary topics
I am writing in response to Keith
Cooper's article on race issues. I
want to start off by saying that Keith-
Cooper is a great writer and I enjoy
reading his articles, but I wish that
Mr. Cooper could find other topics
. to write about sometimes.
Personally, I am sick and tired of
hearing about how awful African-
Americans were, and are now,
treated here in America and all over
the world. Ml Cooper has to realize
that there were other races, besides
African Americans, who have been
treated unfairly throughout history.
Take, for instance, Jews: they
were treated worse than African-
Americans. African-Americans were
never systematically slaughtered in
named death camps like Sobibor,
and Auschwitz. Over six million
killed. That many African-American
people have never been
purposefully killed in all of history!
The Jews have rebounded, and are
still being discriminated against;
where is your article on their plight?
The Chinese were slaughtered by
the Japanese; the Japanese were
slaughtered by the Americans.
What about Serbians, Croatians,
Hispanics, Polish? All these races arc
being discriminated against as we
speak � where arc your articles
The world is full of bad people
doing wrong things for wicked
reasons � against all races. Just
because Mr. Cooper is African-
American does not mean that he
only has to write about African-
My Lfrar Wvrmwvvl,
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Yur Affefin�to UikU,
Tis the season to be jolly - or stay away
I like the holidays. The
family, the food and yes, even
the cold. I just do not like
what accompanies the holiday
season. I suppose I will have
to take the good with the bad,
or all of you could just stay
out of my way.
Twas the hour before my article
was due, and not a thought in my
head, if I do not turn an article in,
my editor will want me. dead.
So I sat and I pondered upon
what to write, and suddenly
something, no someone came into
my sight. He was jolly and his
cheeks were a shade of red. His hair
looked like he just got out of bed.
There was a twinkle in his eye and
upon his face stood a grin. His voice
was loud and he sounded like
Debbie Gibson impaled on a pin.
He was hawking and selling the gifts
of Christmas season, furniture.
Furniture! Furniture for Christmas?
What has been done? So in the
blink of an eye I decided to write
the six things that really piss me off
during this holiday season.
1. This time of year always
brings a tear to my eye. The tear
usually comes right about the time I
walk by the perfume counter. A
Tammy Fayc Baker wannabee
decides I want this cologne. The
nice counter person, with more
powder than Robert Downey Jr. has,
sprays me. Now arc they saying I
smell bad or that I could smell
2. As I pull into yet another
shopping complex, I wait and wait. I
am waiting for that one person who
feels they must have the closest
parking space available. This person
and you know who you are will hold
up traffic for as long as it takes to get
the good space. I guess they arc to
lazy to walk the extra twenty to
Try and wait for me to move my
car. I am in college, how valuable can
my time be? I promise you I will sit
in my car until you move. I would
much rather listen to the music of
William Shatner than give up my
3. "Momma I wantDaddy I
want I believe this year to make
my holiday shoppingeasier, I will
purchase a stun gun.The next child
who is screaming, yelling or doing
anything to further compound my
migraine, will get a nice 'shock
4. Muzak, the inventor of this
annoying music should be drawn
and quartered. The only thing worse
than regular Muzak is Christmas
Muzak. If I here that damned
Peanuts music one more time, I will
be forced to take Jingles the talking
bear hostage until the Muzak
reliever is broken.
Michael Moore of the now-
defunct television show, TV Nation,
had a brilliant idea. Michael took a
truck full of speakers to the home of
the owner of Muzak. Moore
proceeded to play Muzak at full
volume until the police came.
5. Those annoying Christmas
movies. I have seen them every year,
the only one worth watching is the
extremely funny A Christmas Story
(no, I did not receive endorsement
money). How about some new
movies? I have a few ideas, with the
plot synopsis following the titles: A
MeJrose Christmas, Heather Locklear
seduces Santa, Mrs. Qaus, shoots
Rudolph and erases her name off
the naughty list, The Dumbest
Christmas, Jim Carrey plays Santa, in
a tragic ending falls down a chimney
into an open flame, and gets burned
alive (that is my'Christmas Wish),
Barbie, A Very Special Christmas, the
new and improved Barbie leaves her
long time eunuch boyfriend Ken
and moves in with Dan Quayle's
anatomically correct pop-up doll and
finally The Mutti-National Corporation
That Stole Christmas � wait, already
6. A Certain University that has
exams six days before Christmas.
You can thank your Republican
controlled State Legislature for this
holiday gift. I told you to vote.
In spite of all this, I like the
holidays. The family, the food and
yes, even the cold. I just do not like
what accompanies the holiday
season. I suppose I will have to take
the good with the bad, or all of you
could just stay out of my way.
to the Editor
Milk: it does too do a body good
Americans. Many have had it
tough; it is very racially egocentric to
think that African-Americans are the
only ones being treated so badly. I
am full blooded American, and I care
for all races, but I don't single one
out as being treated the worst.
So, yes, a race relations course
would be great, but then there
should be study courses for all races,
not just African-American. You are a
great writer, Mr. Cooper, so use that
ability to write about other things
once in a while; shed light on new
areas of concern or interest.
I am writing response to the
November 17th article on rBGH
and its harmful effects on milk.
The FDA has extensively reviewed
and studied the hormone and has
concluded that rBGH poses no risk
to human health and this has been
affirmed by scientific reviews in the
past several years conducted by the
National institutes of Health; the
Congressional Office of Technology
Assessment; drug regulatory
agencies of Canada, the United
Kingdom and the European
Economic Community, and by the
Health and Human Services Office
of the Inspector General.
The FDA has established
safegaurds to ensure the safety of
milk. State agencies, the FDA and
the dairy industry are responsible for
tesing every tanker truck of milk.
Milk with any unsafe residues must
be discarded. The FDA has also put
in place an extensive post-approval
marketing program that 11 assure
milk and meat froin RBGH-
treated cows meet the high
standard of safety required.
It was very irresponsible for Jeff
Bergman, opinion columnist to
claim that milk "really does a body
bad" or "is not good for women or
anyone beyond a certain age to
drink Milk is one of our healthiest
and most complete sources
nutrition, supplying 75 percent of
the calcium in our food supply. Yes,
it is important for young kids to
drink milk because they are still
growing. But bone development
continues until 30 to 35 years of age,
making the second and third
decades of life possibly the most
critical period for determining
bone health later in life. Once bone
mass has reached its peak, it
eventually decline. So calcium is
essential later in life to lessen this
bone loss. If it's not consumed, your
body takes the calcium stored in
your bones and uses it to function. A
diet low in calcium has been linked
to osteoporosis, bone loss in the jaw,
and high blood pressure.
Yes, Bergman passively
mentioned osteoporosis, but I don't
feet he realized how serious the
problem is. Twenty-five million
people, men AND women, suffer
from it. Nearly one in three women
got it by the time of menopause and
it affects the majority of people over
70. It causes 1.3 million fractures in
various parts of the body, including
the hip and spine, and about one in
six who develop hip fractures die as
a result. Research shows that 55
percent of collcgc-agcd men and 82
percent of college-aged women
don't meet calcium requirements.
The last thing that needs to be done
is to tell us that milk is bad to drink.
Besides calcium, milk provides
high-quality protein, vitamin B-12,
potassium, niacin, vitamin D,
ribofiavin, phosphorous, and vitamin
A. If this doesn't mean much to
you, consider this. In addition to
building strong bones and teeth,
milk helps your muscles contract
and relax; it helps your heart beat; it
helps your blood clot, and it allows
your nerves to send messages. In my
opinion, milk should be praised for
the health benefits that it provides
for everyone of all ages. So, no
matter what your opinion is about
RBGH, one thing is for sure: Milk
does a body good!
"Never let anyone keep you contained and
never let anyone keep your voice silent
Adam Clayton Powell Jr politician, 1971
The East Carolinian
Thursday, December 4, 1997 7
Songs from The
9 34 OUT OF 10
ASSISTANT LIFESTVLE EDITOR
Ever since his days with Art
Garfunkel. Paul Simon has been
fascinated with multicultural
music. The synthesis of American
pop music and world music has
been somewhat of a life's work for
Simon. This fascination has come
to an apex in the past ten years,
during which Simon has only
recorded three albums. Graceland,
released in 1987, focused on the
union of South African pop music
and country music, while 1990's
The Rhythm of the Saints was based
around South American drum line
music. The third album. Song from
The Capeman, turns inward to the
United States, focusing on Latin
American culture in New York in
Unlike the previous two
albums. Songs from The Capeman is a
selection of songs from a musical
Simon wrote for Broadway. The
Capeman, which makes its stage
debut in a few months, focuses on
the story of Salvador Argon, a
member of a Hell's Kitchen gang,
the Vampires. In 1959, two
teenage bystanders were stabbed
to death while the Vampires were
searching for a rival gang. Argon
and a companion, Tony
Hernandez, were convicted tjf the
murders and sentenced to death.
SEE SIMON. PAGE 9
� �: i
Revival Vol. II:
Kudzu and Hollerin'
8 OUT OF lO
ANDY Tl RNHR
With the high number of talented
insurgent twangers who call the
Triangle home, you'd think they
have some son of honky tonk
Blarney Stone out in the woods in
Johnston County where aspiring
country musicians go to rub their
This shotgun full of talent was
very evident on Chapel Hill's Yep
Roc Records' Revival Vol. I:
Brunswick Stew and Pig Pickiri The
compilation sought to showcase
the best southeast
alternarwangers; however, more
than half of the artists came from
the Triangle area. You couldn't
complain, though, at the likes of
the Backsliders, 6 String Drag
and Two Dollar Pistols. Those
bands top a lot of folks �
alternative country, southeast or
otherwise. Still, things could have
been a little more representative.
Revival Vol. II: Kudzu and
Hollerin Contest does just that. Of
17 tracks, only five performers
SEE REVIVAL. PAGE 9
over a winter movie
Winter movie madness
You may not have noticed, but December is
upon us, signaling the closing of a lovely year
we like to call 1997. Before you know it, we
will all be living in the year 1998 and we will
all be one step closer to the new millennium.
But before any of that can happen, much
has to be done. Students will have to take
their finals, most everyone will have to
prepare for the holidays and, most
importantly, close to 30 new movies will be
released into the theaters.
Winter has become a lucrative time of
year for the film industry and it is also a very
competitive time. Within the last few weeks,
loads of new films have invaded every
theater across the U.S hoping to squash the
competition and reign as legitimate
blockbusters. Some films have succeeded
(such as Rowan Atkinson's Bean), others have
failed miserably (such a the big-budget sci-fi
extravaganza Starship Troopers).
There's a war going on in American movie
theaters right now, and many more troops
are expected to arrive. So, sit back and let
me give you the dime tour of the winter
Robin Williams is currently
starring in Disney's lame remake of
Flubber, but Williams' acting skills
should be put to better use in Gus
Van Sant's newest film, Good Will
Hunting. Williams plays a psychiatrist
who helps a math prodigy deal with
his troubled life. With Williams'
dramatic edge and Van Sant's visual
flair, this stands to be a sure winner.
Sure-fire talent is what will make
Wag the Dog worth seeing. Directed by
Academy Award winner Barry
Levinson and starring Dustin
Hoffman, Robert De Niro and Woody
Harrelson, this black comedy is
destined to be a favorite at the
Speaking of big-name casts.
Woody Allen will soon have a new
film out entitled Deconstructing Harry.
This time, Allen has assembled such
superstars as Demi Moore, Judy
Davjs, Kirstie Alley, Julia Louise
Dreyfuss and Elisabeth Shue to strut
Allen isn't the only director
collecting big actors. Quentin
Tarantino's eagerly awaited new film,
Jackie Brown, will showcase Robert
De Niro and Samuel L. Jackson and
will hopefully reignite the careers of
Michael Keaton and the highly
underrated Pam Grier.
Samuel L Jackson knows she has legs and she knows how to use them.
PHOTOS COURTESY Of MIRAMAX
Another actor who desperately wants to
reignite his career is former man-of-the-year
Kevin Costner. The Postman may very well be
the film to transform Costner back to a hot
box office attraction. Set in an apocalyptic
future, this is the first film Costner has
directed since his Oscar-winning work on
Dances with Wolves.
Other notable actors
who are showcasing their
talents behind the camera
include Alan Rickman who
sits in the director's chair
for the first time with The
Winter Guest, starring Emma
Thompson and Phyllida
Law. Also, Robert Duvall
tries his hand at writing
and directing, as well as
acting, in The Apostle, which
deals with a preacher who
leaves his wife and
rediscovers his faith in
The winter season will carry a sense of
deja vu, mainly due to Hollywood's usual
obsession with sequels, adaptations and
remakes. Films to be included in the "been
there, done that" category include Home
Alone 3, Scream 2, An American Werewolf in Paris
and Mr. Magoo.
Still, original ideas may creep up where
you least expect them. Many smaller films
may very well be the gems of the movie
season. Ma lie En Rose, which was a favorite
at Cannes, deals with a 7-year-old boy's
gender crisis when he decides that he really
wants to be a girl. Shot with mostly a hand-
held camera, Bang centers around an Asian-
American woman whose very existence is
she steals an LA
which is rumored
to have been
labeled with an
Nazis, finally; The
Office Killer should
stir up some talk
with its story of a
editor who decides to kill her coworkers just
for the hell of it. Chances are these smaller
films won't come within 70 miles of a
Greenville theater, but keep them in mind
for a worthwhile road trip.
And that concludes your tour of the
winter movie season. For more information
about movies playing near you, please check
your local newspaper. Next stop, the
Robin Williams stars in Good Will Hunting
PHOTO COURTESY OF NEW LINE
Jerry Bledsoe makes The Angel Doll fcj
Greenville has been the host for many accomplished authors,
making the Pirate City a literary center for eastern North Carolina.
Such respected writers as Margaret Randall (whose work in such
books as Giant of Tears and Hungers Table showcases the beauty of
multiculturalism) and W D. Snodgrass (whose expressive poetry has
been anthologized) have graced Greenville with their insightful
Greenville's literary tradition continues this Friday, Nov. 5, when
North Carolina native Jerry Bledsoe will celebrate the holiday season
with a book-signing of his acclaimed Christmas story, The Angel Doll,
at Barnes & Noble.
Bledsoe's work is of particular importance to our state simply
because North Carolina is his muse. Bledsoe takes great pride in
being a North Carolinian, and his love for his southern heritage
clearly shines in The Angel Doll.
Set in Thomasville, N.C during the 1950s, The Angel Doll is a
sympathetic tale of two young boys who become best friends as a
result of a personal yet imperative challenge. Bledsoe serves as our
main narrator, an older man who reflects back to his small-town past
when he digs out an old angel doll for the Christmas season. Upon
seeing this doll, our narrator is carried back to a time long gone, a
time of hardship yet quiet innocence that only a small, southern
town can capture.
Unfortunately, this quiet innocence is disrupted when the
narrator joins his best friend, Jimmy Black, in a heartfelt quest. As it
turns out, Jimmy's little sister is very sick. Despite her illness, she
sees only a life filled with hope and beauty. One of the many things
in life that she adores is the inspirational image of angels. Knowing
how much she loves angels and hoping that such a thing might help
nurse her back to health, the two boys set out to get her an actual
angel doll, despite the fact that they have little or no money.
Those readers who desire simple stories told in simple, yet
poetic, language should find The Angel Doll to be a treasure. Those
readers who posses a nostalgic hunger for tales of North Carolina's
past will delight in Bledsoe's detailed descriptions of a time when
small communities were not cluttered with an endless line of fast-
food restaurants and quickie marts but instead carried a unique
beauty that can only be recaptured through the memories of those
who lived during that period.
Bledsoe's connection to his small-town roots does not mean that
the man has not achieved great success in the larger world. He has
written for many notable publications, including Esquire and The New
York Times. And his book. Bitter Blood, is an extremely popular true-
crime account of a Greensboro murder that went on to become a
number one New York Times bestseller. Still, even with his great
accomplishments as a national writer, Bledsoe sticks to his southern
roots and currently lives in North Carolina and Virginia.
Bledsoe is one small-town success story who saw the purity and
beauty of the small community and chose to stay there. And this
clearly shows in his writing.
Bledsoe will be signing The Angel Doll at Barnes & Noble, located
at 3040 E. Evans St on Friday, Nov. 5, from 7-9 p.m. For more
information about this event, call Barnes & Noble at 321-8119.
Thespians for Diversity unite students for a common goal
Mill Ml S1 II H
s T p I �ki i i k
The name might not be familiar to
you. but the philosophy is based on
the noble premise of getting a
variety of different kinds of people
to work together, writing and
producing plays, to help spread the
message of unity to the campus and
"It brings a lot of people together
from all walks of life and we get to
work together said Nicolle Jones,
18, of the 5-year-old East Carolina
The Thespians, who are 15
members strong this semester,
perform three shows a year,
including regular productions of the
Martin Luther King story in January
and Voices from the Past, a Black
history play, in February.
Reginald W Watson, founder of
the group in 1993 and writer of
three plays in the Thespians'
repertoire, is excited about the
independence that the Thespians
have demonstrated this semester.
"I really push them to do their
own things said Watson, who is on
hiatus this year from his lecturing
duties in the English Department
and remains an adviser to the
The student leaders are
branching out, trying their own
hands at playwriting and finding it
good: their latest play, called The
Choir, was co-written bv Gerald
Goddette, Kendra Robinson and
The Choir documents the
frustrating, and often humorous,
internal struggles of a bad-sounding
church choir whose focus is not on
praising the Lord but on its own
petty problems instead.
A simple message is conveyed
through the performance that if a
group is going to accomplish a goal,
the people must focus on the main
objective instead of letting little
things bog them down.
Kendra Robinson, president of
the Thespians, says that the actors
directed themselves, each one-
adding his or her own ideas as to
how the characters were to develop
and interact w ith one another.
"It is an excellent production
she enthused. "Most of the
members are fresh
One such "fresh" member. Arlo
Druzba, admitted that the eclectic
mix of people and ideas that make
up the Thespians can be a bit
overwhelming at times. "It's
difficult getting all those diverse
people together, with their diverse
schedules he laughed.
He recalled that his reason for
joining the Thespians was that, "I
needed something to do and I
always loved to act and write
Such talents are welcome to the
group since, in addition to the play,
vocalists, poets and the ECU
Steppers of Praise are scheduled to
perform between acts.
Tickets to the production, which
will take place at the Roxy Showcase
on Elizabeth Street at 7:30 p.m. on
Friday. December 5th, are $5 for
students and $7 for members of the
Watson was pleased about the
location, claiming that the Roxy "is
part of the history of Greenville
and that the performance "serves as
a bridge between the campus and
Hopefully, both of the
aforementioned groups wili
continue to support this fledgling
troupe whose members seem to
work so well together and whose
ideals are nothing short of
8 Thursday, December 4, 1997
The East Carolinian
Madrigal Dinner at 7 p.m. in the
Great Room in Mendenhall (runs
Percussion Players, Mark Ford,
director at 8 p.m. in Fletcher
Chasing Amy at 8
Hendrix Theatre (runs
10:45 p.m. in Mendenhall Social
Hobex at Peasant's Cafe
Third of Never at Fire house
Hip Pocket at Stacatto
The Cypher (open mike poetry)
at Underwater Pirates Cove
Gibb Droll at Cat's Cradle in
Bunny Brains, Earthy EMF at
Lizard and Snake Cafe in Chapel
The Crow Flocks at The Cave in
Chairmen of the Board at The
BSG at Fi rehouse Tavern
Innocent Nixon at Peasant's
Rollv Grav and Sunfire at Cat's
Cradle in Chapel Hill
ToneBenders at The Cave in
Mediski, Martin and Wood at
The Ritz in Raleigh
Gibb Droll Band with Six String
Drag at The Attic
Baker at Peasant's
Melanie Sparks at Firehouse
Stereolab with the High Llamas
at Cat's Cradle in Chapel 1 lill
Grasshopper Highway at The
Cave in Chapel Hill
Holiday Concert featuring the
Svmphonic Wind Ensemble, Scott
Carter, conductor, at 2 p.m. in
Underbrush at the Lizard and
Snake in Chapel Hill
Betsy and the Gene WxA at The
Cave in Chapel Hill
Strata Trio (clarinet, violin.
piano) at 8 p.m. in Hendrix Theatre
Live jazz at Firehouse Tavern
Bryan Lee at The Cave in
The Pondering at Peasant's
Block at Lizard and Snake in
Comedv Zone at the Attic
continued Hum page 8
come from the 'Triangle. In addition
to songs from artists from other
parts of North Carolina, the
compilation includes selections
from musicians from Georgia,
Virginia. Kentucky, Mississippi,
Alabama and Louisiana. So. instead
of the battle of the Triangle, you get
a nice, big, seven-state,
alternahonky-tonk battle royal.
Georgia places well on the
compilation. Athens' Drive by
Truckers leads the Georgia pack
with "Nine Bullets a song that
won't help dispel the myth that
southerners are prone to shooting
one another just for the hell of it.
Patterson Hood's aching. Lucky
Strike vocals hook you as does the
sing-along chorus: "My roommate's
guns got nine bulletsNine bullets
in my roommate's gunMy
roommate's guns got nine
bulletsand I'm gonna find a use for
every last one You'll be ready to
plug anvone who done you wrong by
the time the song's over.
Star Room Boys also make
Athens proud with "The
Davdreamer The harmonizing,
chug-a-lug trucker beat would have
Dave Dudley and Red Sovine
rappin' their toes and honkin' their
Noah from Monticello.
Mississippi (with help from a few
folks from Blue Mountain) shows
off his pluckin' skills on the Doe
Watson-inspired "Skillet "All Bark
and No Bite a Johnny Bond cover,
gets a good reading from
Wilmington's Burnley Brothers; it
could just as easy be from 1957
instead of 1997. The goofy side of
Whiskeytown is revealed with
"Busted a ha-ha, he-he country
funk number; in the liner notes, the
band offers its thanks and
apologizes to Eric B. & Rakim for
the song. 'They'll surely appreciate
Other standout tracks on the
album come from Larry Sloanc
Doggett and The Alembic
(Carrollton, Ga.), "December 99
Lou Ford (Charlotte), "So Far
Gone Gladys (Lexington, Ky.),
"Her House" and Grand National
(Chapel Hill), "Money and Love
As with any compilation, there
are a couple of rotten potatoes
(forgettable songs) in the bag. .Ml in
all, however, the compilation shines
the spotlight on a lot of bands who
will, hopefully, attract more
attention as time goes on.
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SATURDAY, DECEMBER 6
THIS WEEKEND, CHASE DOWN
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For more information, call the Student Union Hotline at 328-6004. All films start at 8:00 pm unless otherwise noted and
are FREE to students, faculty, and staff (one guest allowed) with valid ECU ID. No backpacks allowed in the theatre.
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9 Thursday. December 4, 1997
The East Carolinian
Feast of the m
lomvI)l1 1IH U8 1
�Mass Si'in.ni I I :
Feasi n l)i)v; m- s)
S i. At. Noon
Ml. Mass vvitj heal tlie .New iiuin C'eniei
l?3 1Oth Si.
i.2 hoiists fi'din Noteher Music EBldgj
continued Irom page 8
Because of the vampire-like cape he
wore that night, Argon became
known as the Capeman.
Though it does have Puerto
Ricans and gangs in it, thankfully,
this is no West Side Story. Where that
musical was not much more than a
flat reading of Romeo and Juliet and a
flat stereotype of Puerto Rican
culture. The Capeman is a lot less
definite in its cultural assumptions
and a lot more human. Focusing on
the person of Salvador Argon, his
trial, imprisonment, pardon from
Governor Rockefeller and his
attempt to leave his past behind
him, the story is able to deal with
the tense and tricky issues of
racism, justice and the clash of
cultures in a very palatable but real
way. The lyrics, while sometimes
drifting too close to political
commentary, are some of Simons
best. Of course, some of that credit
goes to poetplaywright Derek
Walcott, whom Simon recruited for
Musically, Songs from The Capeman
is superb. Longtime fans of Simon's
will recall songs like "Me and Julio
Down by The Schoolyard "Loves
Me Like a Rock and "Tenderness"
when they hear these songs.
Flavored by Latin American music,
'50s do-wop and old gospel music,
these songs still have the magic of
Simon's previous work.
Especially noteworthy are "Bom
in Puerto Rico which features
spicy Latin guitar work and a
somber melody, "The Vampires
with its sharp piano arrangement,
and "Quality which sounds like
There Goes Rhymin' Simon gene-
spliced with the soundtrack to
Grease. By and large, the songs are
very unconventional for a musical.
Absent are the showbiz
arrangements, the solo-laden vocal
parts and the New York melodrama.
In their place is an authentic
musical picture of Hell's Kitchen in
the late '50s, economic, almost
sparse arrangements and subtlety.
For the album, Simon, rather than
the actors, sings most of the songs.
There are two drawbacks to the
album. The first is that not even
half the songs from the musical are
featured here. Songs from The
Capeman is being marketed as a pop
album, which it most definitely is
not. It requires an I.Q. and an
attention span. By leaving out 17
songs, Simon has made it difficult to
understand the story, which would
be all right if the liner notes had
been written to compensate for the
gaps. This brings up the second
problem: the liner notes are a tad
confusing. Since Simon sings most
of the songs, distinguishing
between characters is difficult and
the notes only help some.
But these are small complaints
compared to how great the songs
are. It's awfully annoying that
Simon tends to wait for seven-year
stretches between projects, but if
the product is of this quality, it's
worth the wait.
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For more information: Call Volunteer Services at 816-4491.
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10 Thursday. December 4,1997
The East Carolinian
Lady Pirates defeat Wake Forest Deacons 73-66
FOR MORE INFORMATION
the east Carolinian
Basketball team ends three-
game losing streak
Tracy M. Lacbach
ASSISTANT SPORTS EDITOR
The Lady Rrate basketball team picked up a 73-66
victory over the Wake Forest Deacons on Tuesday night to
improve their record to 2-3 this season. With the win, the
ladies marked victory number 400 for the program.
Heading into the game, ECU, on a three game losing
streak, led the Wake Forest series 3-2. The two teams met
last season for a 45-35 Deacon-win.
The Lady Pirates got on the scoreboard first with a
four foot jump shot by senior forward Shay Hayes. The
Deacons were quick to answer when center Elizabeth
Nelson sent a ball in from six feet out, followed
immediately by two good free throws by teammate Alisha
Wake Forest maintained the lead all the way down to
the 5:01 mark of the first half before the Pirates turned
the game around in their direction with a shot from
underneath by junior Beth Jaynes. ECU climbed to a five
point advantage before the Deacons fought back
defensively to end the half with a 27-26 lead.
Action on the offensive side was much stronger in the
second half for the Lady Pirates, with sophomore guard
Melanie Gillem sending in three three-pointers. The first
of them hit the net at the 5:29 mark, giving ECU a three
point lead to be held for the remainder of the game.
Leading the Lady Pirates with 19 points was senior Jen
Cox. Four other players posted double digit figures,
including Hayes with 12, Jaynes with 11, and Gillem and
Misty Home each with 13.
Head coach Anne Donovan said chat seeing five
players in double digit figures is no surprise to her.
"The team is very capable of scoring Donovan said.
"Misty Home and Melanie Gillem were both great
shooters last year and are experienced sophomores now
Jaynes said that believing and having confidence was
the key to a successful night.
"Vfe came out aggressive this time and shot the ball
Jaynes said. "We made sure we were set before taking
shots, and it worked out for us
Only 10 of 17 free throw shots were completed
throughout the game. Coaches and players alike agree
that handling the ball and knocking down shots from the
line is something to focus on.
"We work on free throw shooting every single day at
practice and we do good Cox said. "We just need to
knock them down in the game
In the final seconds of the game, Home was fouled
twice and sent to the line for a total of four shot
opportunities, all of which she completed without a
"We handled the pressure nicely but we didn't knock
down free throws when we should have Donovan said.
"Their attack was to keep putting us on the foul line and
unfortunately we didn't take care of that soon enough.
Misty stepped up when she had to
Freshman guard Jennifer Moretz saw 22 minutes of
action in her second game as a starter, the first being
against UNC Charlotte on Saturday. With so many young
players on the team, the freshman have had to step in and
play with confidence.
"I expected to be a role player coming into my
freshman year because I knew that I had to step in behind
Misty Home who is a pure shooter Moretz said. "I came
in ready to play
Donovan said this win is a stepping stone for the team;
a game to be proud of and to build on.
"We said in the locker room
after the game that this is a good
win for us but we can't let our
highs be so high and our lows be so
low, because that is how you lose
the middle ground, which is where
we need to be Donovan said.
"We put offense together with
defense and came out with a nice
win, and now we need to take it to
Campbell and do the same thing
Campbell will be a tough
challenge for the ladies. Donovan
said that the goal is to take the
same fjame plan to the upcoming
game that they had for the Wake
Forest match up.
"Campbell is a very good team,
and I know they are very pleased
to sec East Carolina coming to
their gym Donovan said.
The Campbell game will be
one of two remaining meetings for
the Lady Pirates before the
holidays. After taking on the
Camels on Dec. 6, the ladies will
head back to Greenville for a home
game against Davidson, scheduled
for 1 p.m. on Dec. 20.
Completed Free Throws
Misty Home 5
Charette Guthrie 3
Beth Jaynes 1
Jen Cox 1
Three Point Field Goals
Melanie Gillem 3
Misty Home 2
(Top) ECU's Misty Home fights to keep the ball in her possession at Tuesday night's home;
game against Wake Forest (Bottom) Charette Guthrie looks to get back on her feet as she�
passes the ball to teammate Shay Hayes. The victory marked win number 400 for the Lady
Pirate basketball program.
PHOTOS BY AMANDA PROCTOR
Intramural season closes with success
Recreational services recently put an end to intramural action for the fall semester. Intramural programs are on the rise at
ECU, especially the soccer clubs, bringing in a ten percent increase in participation this semester.
PHOTOS BY JONATHAN GREEN
Participation at an all-time
high for recreational sports
With the completion of the kickball tournament in
just a few days, this semester's intramural sports
season will come to a close. This past semester
thousands of ECU students have enjoyed the
plethora of events available through intramural
"Soccer, football and volleyball are probably the
most popular of the fall sports Director of
Intramural Sports David Gaskins said.
Flag football, which began early this semester,
had over 1,000 participants broken into 93 teams.
As in all the other sports the teams arc broken up
into Gold and Purple residence hall teams, Gold and
Purple fraternity and sorority teams and Gold and
Purple independent teams. The independent
division is made up of those students who do not
live in a dorm and are not in a fraternity or sorority.
The Gold division is for those players with a higher
level of skill as opposed to the Purple division which
is for those players who are just out there to have a
good time. The All-Campus Men's champions for
this season in the Gold division were "Playaz" a
team from the independent division. The All-
Campus Women's champs in the Gold division was
"Creoles" who played in the independent division.
"The football games this season' all ended with
much higher scores due to the tact that we had to
shorten the fields by 20 yards because of the
construction at Ficklen Stadium Gaskins said.
The Volleyball tournament which was made up
of 47 teams and over 400 participants had it's first
year in the brand new recreation Center.
"With the tournament in the recreation center
and all the extra courts we didn't have to schedule
around other sports as much Gaskins said.
The Men's All-Campus Gold Champions for
Volleyball was the Sigma Alpha Epsiion fraternity.
The Women's All-Campus Gold Winners was "Goof
Troop" and the Co-Rec winners were "Union
Also in it's first year at the recreation center the
chree-on-three basketball tournament went off
without a hitch this season. The winners of this
year's tournament are moving on to participate in
the regional Schick Super hoops three-on-thrce
tournament made up of teams from Virginia, South
Carolina and also North Carolina. The Schick Super
hoops tournament takes place Feb. 28 here at ECU
in the recreation center. Unlike in years past, this
year there will be no national tournament for the
winners of the regional tournament.
On the rise here at ECU along with other sports
is Men's and Women's Intramural soccer.
"This year there was a record number of soccer
teams, we've seen a ten percent increase in the
SEE INTRAMUMLS. PAGE 11
All-Campus Gold "Playaz"
All-Campus Purple "Sigma Phi Epsiion"
All-campus Gold "Creoles"
Sorority division "Alpha Phi"
All-Campus Gold "Sigma Alpha Epsiion"
All-Campus Gold "Goof Troop"
All-Campus Gold "Tappa Kegs"
All-Campus Gold "The Krush" (4th consecutive year)
All-Campus Gold "Sigma Alpha Epsiion"
All-Campus Gold "Drop Squad"
Winners go on to regional
tournament on February 28
hope to make
Team leaders think ahead with
high hopes for tournament play
Important dates for
January 20 Basketball preview reg. Meeting 5 PM
January 27 Bowling registration meeting 5 PM
January 28 Racquetball singles entry deadline 5 PM
February 3 Basketball shooting challenge
(Hot Shots. Free Throws. 3 Point Shootout)
February 3 Walleyball tournament registration meeting 5 PM
February 17 4-on-4 Volieybai' ?ntry deadline 5 PM
March 4 Basketball 1 -on-1 entry deadline 5 PM
March 24 Softballpreview registration meeting 5 PM
March 31 Indoor Soccer registration meting 5 PM
April 1 Tennis Doubles entry deadline 5 PM
April 8 Water Polo Registration meeting 5 PM
April 14 4-on4 Flag Football registration meeting 5 PM
April 14 Golf Singles entry deadline 5 PM
The ECU mens
swimming ream has
gotten off to a good start
with a 5-1 record so far this
season. Two of the reasons
for this are senior
swimmers Brandon Tilley
and Patrick Kesler, hoping
to lead ECU to the CM
championship. In the past
six years the
championship has been
dominated by James
Tilley is a senior co-
captain from Richmond,
Nfe. where he attended Monacan High School. He
started swimming in the mid-80's in a summer
league. Since his high school didn't have a team he
began swimming year round to help improve his
summer times. After high school Tilley attended
Indian River Community College in Ft. Pierce, Fl.
After two years he transferred and found out about
ECU from his coach on the
United States Swimming
team, who got him in touch
with ECU Head Coach
For ECU, Tilley swims in
the 100 and 200 meter
breaststroke with his
speciality being the 200
meter. Tilley hopes to lead
the team to a conference
championship as a senior
"The conference looks like
it will come down to Old
Dominion and us because
JMU doesn't look as strong this year Tilley said. We
think we have a real shot at winning it this year
Kesle. is another swimmer that is doing extremely
well right now. Kesler attended Myers Park High-
School in Charlotte.
"Growing up I played other sports like baseball
and soccer Kesler said. "In the 9th grade I suffered
a bad knee injury and started swimming to help with
the rehabilitation. From there I just started doing well
and started swimming in a summer league
During this summer league Kessler was scouted by
SEE SWIM. PAGE 11
i � "��'ii
� "limit�,i� i
11 Thursday. December 4,1997
The East Carolinian
King's Arms Apl
Call 758-4093 w-
Cheap Cigarettes, Homemade
Cheese Biscuits, Gatorade,
Snapple, Huge Water Selection,
Slushpuppies and a lot more
Keg Beer Prices
Busch Lite - $57.99
Bud - $68.99
Natural Lite - $66.99
Miller Lite - 68.99
South Paw $71.99
Red Dog - $71.99
DEPOSIT (KEG, TUB. TAP) $60.00
BUD CANS 12 PACK $5.99
continued from page 10
number of intramural soccer
participants Gaskins said.
Aside from football, volleyball
and three-on-three basketball
there were many other sports this
past semester. Among those were
tennis singles, doubles golf.
frisbcc golf, kickball. the Turkey
Trot, badminton and squash.
For those of you out there who
want to get involved in the
intramural sports program for this
upcoming spring semester, but
just dont know were to go, it is
very simple. If you live in one of
the dorms, talk to your Resident
Advisor or Coordinator. For those
of you who do not live in the dorm,
and are not in a sports playing
fraternity or sorority, it's really
easy to get on a team. If you can
get together enough players to
play in vour respective sport all
you realty need to do is go to the
captains meeting and sign up. If
you can not gather up enough
people for a team, you should go to
the captains meeting and they will
get you on a team. Some of the
sports for this coming season are
basketball, softball, bowling,
walleyball. indoor soccer, water
polo and four-on-four flag football
and volleyball, just to name a few.
So get to the recreation center,
sign up and have fun!
continued Icom page 10
the Mecklenburg Aquatic Club.
After high school he chose to
attend ECU because of the art
program. Kesler hopes to continue
swimming for recreation after
Kesler also swims the 1(K) and
200 meter breaststroke with his
speciality being the 100 meter.
Last week at the Nike Cup
Championships he set the varsity
record and placed first in the
competition. Kesler also looks like
he might have a shot at qualifying
for the NCAA Tournament with
the way his times look right now.
With these two strong
swimmers helping lead the way on
a team that is overall very talented,
it looks like there is a good chance
to bring the CA Championship to
Greenville for the men's swim
The ECU Student Media Board
invites applications for the position of
for the Spring 1998 academic term
Applications are available from the Media Board office on
the second floor of the Student Publications Building.
The deadline for submitting a completed application is
FRIDAY, DECEMBER 12 AT 4 P.M.
For information, call the Media Board office at 328-6009.
Department is currently
taking applications for
the Spring Semester
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12 Thursday. December 4.1997
The East Carolinian
Butkus sues over
LOS ANGELES (AP) Pro
Football Hall of Famer Dick
Butkus is in a legal scrimmage
against two companies he claims
improperly used his image on
replica NFL jerseys.
Butkus sued Champion
Products Inc. and Northridge-
based The Sports Section on
Monday over the use of his name
and likeness for "Throwbacks
The NFL Vintage Collection
Champion, a North Carolina
firm which is owned by giant Sara
Lcc Corp. of Chicago, is selling a
$74.99 jersey with Butkus'
photograph and his number 51
from his days as a Chicago Bears
linebacker, said Frederic Richman,
A catalog advertising the jersey
includes I photo of Butkus
sv wearing brown dungarees,
holding a Bears helmet Richman
Maryland proposes new
$100 million arena to
replace Cole Field House
COLLEGE PARK, Md. (AP)
University of Maryland officials are
proposing a new arena to replace
Cole Field House that is expected
to cost more than $100 million.
University President William E.
Kirwan told top legislative fiscal
leaders in a letter delivered
Monday that he agrees with
studies showing it will be cheaper
to replace Cole field House than
to renovate it, or rebuild on the
A report by the Maryland
Stadium Authority, which
accompanied the letter,
said it would cost $106.4
million to build a new arena at the
site known as North field. State
officials have previously discussed
spending $80 million on the
University officials have said
the school will be able to provide
no more than $45 million of which
$20 million will come from
contributors and $25 million from
selling the arena's name to a
iXIf it is to go forward, it will
require a very significant
contribution from the state he
The proposal would require the
approval of the university system's
board of regents, Gov. Parris N.
Glendening and the General
Injured Texas Tech
player suffering spinal
LUBBOCK, Texas (AP) A Texas
Tech starting defensive tackle who
was injured in a two-car crash
remained in critical condition
Tuesday with what doctors term a
significant spinal cord injury.
Stoney Garland, 21, has been
breathing with the aid of a
respirator at University Medical
Center since he was injured Friday.
A magnetic resonance imaging
exam conducted Monday revealed
the spinal cord injury, said Texas
Tech spokesman Richard Kilwien.
Since the accident, Garland has
been able to move only his head,
left arm and left hand.
He also suffered a fractured
clavicle and a crushed trachea.
" s At this point, the doctors are
unwilling, to make predictions
about the spinal cord or any long-
term effects of the damage
Kilwien said. "He will undergo
surgery to stabilize the spine
within the next several days
Garland, a 6-foot-6, 285-pound
junior transfer, was a passenger in a
truck that collided with a Ford
Mustang early Friday at an
intersection about 1 12 miles
southwest of campus.
Iowa Linebacker left off
Big Ten Team
IOWA CITY, Iowa (AP) Iowa
linebacker Matt Hughes, who has
led the Hawkeyes in tackles in
each of the past two seasons, must
be wondering what it takes to be
nominated for all-Big Ten
recognition. Hughes, a junior from
Eastland, Texas, was not included
on the all-Big Ten ballot despite
being the leading tackier on a
defense that was ranked sixth
nationally in total defense and
fourth in scoring defense.
There were 16 linebackers
nominated for all-Big Ten honors.
The all-Big Ten teams were
v "That's Iowa's decision said
Dennis LaBissoniere, director of
information services for the Big
Ten. "Whoever they want to
nominate, it's up to them to put
them on there. We didn't overlook
Iowa coach Hayden Fry was out
of town and unavailable for
comment. Fry's assistant coaches
did not return telephone calls.
Phil Haddy, Iowa's sports
information director, said his office
is not responsible for nominating
There were six members of
Iowa's team who received
honorable mention by the
media and three by the
coaches. Hughes was not among
"It's a football internal matter,
and the football coaches decide
who goes on it Haddy said.
Hughes, a 6-foot-3, 241-
pounder, collected 98 tackles
during the regular season,
including eight tackles for losses.
Toledo heads into Mac
Title Game with
HUNTINGTON, WVa. (AP) In
early November, Toledo was
undefeated and ranked in the Top
25. A month later, the Rockets are
trying to shake off two blowout
losses in time to play Marshall for
the Mid-American (Conference
championship game at Marshall
Toledo clinched the MAC West
Division title with a 35-28 victory
over Miami (Ohio). But a week
later, the Rockets crashed 35-3 at
Ball State and ended the regular
sesaon with a 34-17 loss at Central
Support student-mn media
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scnp�o�w�,th.fimpW,�,�!�, Greenville, NC 27858
DID YOU KNOW
THAT MEXICAN FOOD
STIMULATES BRAIN CELLS WHICH
RESULTS IN AN INTELLECTUALLY
SUPERIOR HUMAN BEING?
(You Want to Graduate Dont You.)
GET SMART. GET CHICO'S!1
OPEN 7 DAYS FOR
LUNCH, DINNER, & FIESTAS
What did you learn this semester????????
DCCCmbCr 5 I Recreational Services
91 l � im I is hosting an event to
- 11 Pill 1 test your skills and
� � win prizes.
� Events �
Spit Ball Contest
Wheel off Fortune
Paper Airplane Flying Contest
13 Thursday. December 4,1997
The East Carolinian
Now taking leases for
1 bedroom, 2 bedroom &
NEEDED ASAP: 1-2 female room-
mates, take over lease Jan. 1, Players
Club, 1M rent and expenses. Washer
and dryer included. Call ASAP, 353-
4120, ask for Candi, Amanda, or
�TWO FEMALE ROOMMATES
NEEDED to share 4 bedroom house
, ASAP 12 block from campus. Call 931-
TWO BEDROOM. TWO BATH Du-
' plex-New! Wd hookups, gas logs, pa-
So, roomy. Quiet, safe neighborhood.
! Graduating. Must rent. $550 per
fnonth plus deposit (neg). Neil or Jon
� 931-1051, leave message.
GEORGETOWNE APTS. FEMALE
FOR 12 rent($265) plus 12 utilities.
Available anytime after Dec. 1. Call
752-2209 for more info. Leave mes-
sage if no answer.
WANTED TREYBROOK Apts. by
hospital. Contact Ryan at 830-0357.
MOVING SOON, NEED TO liquidate
furniture: queen size bed, dresser,
computer table, bookshelf. Make your
best offer! Call 752-1661
IBM THINKPADS AND OTHER lap-
top computers. Free carrying case.
Free color printer. Finance for less than
$35.00 a month. Call Alfred at 355-
FEMALE ROOMMATE WANTED,
14 utilities, S220 per month. Play-
on Club Apts. Coll ASAP 321
0889, ask for Lara.
1,088 SQUARE FOOT, FULLY
FURNISHED, 2 BEDROOM 2
FEMALE ROOMMATE NEEDED
JAN. 1, really cute house one block
from campus. Rent $195.00. Great
dealt I Social drinker OK but serious
students please call Jennie, Liz or Er-
OT DYNO FREESTYLE BIKE for
sale, 2 months old. Perfect condition.
Must see. $190. Call Matt at 328-7677.
FOR SALE: ENTERTAINMENT CEN-
TER, $50, full-size mattress and box
spring, $50, OBOs. Call 758-6625 after
COMFORTABLE DOUBLE BED.
DRESSER, and desk for sale, great
condition. Only used one year. Prices
are negotiable. Must selll Call 830-
PI KAPPA ALPHA, WE had a lot of
fun with you guys Thursday at the Tiki
Bar. Lefs definitely get together again
real soon. Love, the Delta Zeta sisters
DELTA ZETA WOULD LIKE to thank
everyone who came to our spaghetti
dinner. We Treally enjoyed it. Love, the
sisters of Delta Zeta
DELTA SIGMA PHI, WE had a swin-
gin hip-hoppin groovy time at the
40's, 50's, & 60's Social on Friday.
Thanks guys. Love, the sisters of Alpha
BROOK OWENS AND TINA Black,
thank you for all your hard work pre-
paring for the spaghetti dinner. Love,
ALPHA DELTA PI HOPES that every-
one had a wonderful Thanksgiving
��AAAAISPRING BREAK '98 Guar-
anteed best prices to Cancun, Jamai-
ca, Bahamas, & Florida. Group dis-
counts ftt daily free drink parties! Sell
trips, earn cash, & go freel 1-800-234-
���14 SPRING BREAK SHOPPING
days left! Now is the time to guarantee
the lowest rates and best hotels.Prices
will increase Dec. 15th I Leisure Tours
has packages to South Padre, Cancun,
Jamaica and Florida. Group discounts
for 6 or mo re 1800-838-82 03 or
. SUBLEASE TWO BEDROOM DU-
; PUEX. Walking distance to campus.
i Two bathrooms, cathedral ceilings,
� fireplace. $52Smonth. Call Christy at
108-A Brownies Dr. 758-1921
SUB-LEASERS WANTED FOR two
iiedroom apartment, no deposit, to be-
�jgin Jan. first through May 31. $212.50
�r person, 12 utilities, cable and
"Mhone. Call Mike or Marty, 413-0882.
SAFE JOGGING AREA. VERY quiet
upstairs bedroom plus 12 shared, ad-
: joining bath. Private entrance, AC,
kitchen privileges, cable TV, phone
hook-up, ref. Staff, faculty, graduate
' students only lalso PA physical thera-
j py majors), non-smokers. Spring se-
; mester lease. $195mo. (utilities in-
; eluded). Home on golf course. Call
ROOMMATE WANTED: 3 BED-
ROOM apt off 1st Street, $130mo
13 utilities. Available Dec. 1. Call Jim-
ROOMMATE WANTED TO SHARE 2
BDR. apartment, $190 per month,
cable and water included, on ECU bus
line, pool and laundry on she. Call 754-
FEMALE ROOMMATE NEEDED BY
Jan. 1, can move in Dec. 15, to share
duplex on E. 3rd St Call 561-7981,
FEMALE ROOMMATE NEEDED BE-
FORE January 1st to sublease two
bedroom apartment at Kingston
Rental. For information call 561-7824
and leave message.
FEMALE ROOMMATE NEEDED
ASAP to share two bedroom apart-
ment in Wilson Acres. $257 a month
plus 12 utilities. Call Stacey, 561-7267
ENGLISH PROF. NEEDS PLACE to
stay Mon. through Wed. Contact Dr.
Howell, 6701 or 393-2879. Can leave
CYPRESS GARDENS. 1 2 bed-
room condos on 10th Street. Free ca-
ble and water sewer. Half month free
to ECU students on new one-year con-
tract. Call Wainright Property Manage-
CANNON COURT, 2 BEDROOM
townhouses on ECU bus route. Free
cable. Half month free to ECU students
on new one-year contract. Call Wain-
right Property Management, 756-6209.
BIG THREE BEDROOM HOUSE in
ECU area. 1 12 baths, central heat
ceiling fans, washer hookup, fenced in
backyard, pets OK. $550 month. Call
1991 HONDA NtQHTHAWK 780 for
sale. Great condition. Must sell. Blue-
book value $2600; asking $2100 firm.
Call Rick at 830-6666, serious inquiries
1990 GEO STORM-GSI Sport, great
condition, AMFM cassette, air condi-
tioning, fog lights, recent tune-up.
$4,000. Call 321-3860.
4 BEDROOM, UNIVERSITY AREA,
available late Dec. Nice house. No
rowdies please. $750.757-9387. -
2 FEMALE ROOMMATES NEEDED
ASAP, Players Club Apts. 14 rent and
expenses per person). Call Tracy at
ROOMMATE NEEDED, MALE, FE-
MALE; 3 bedroom, 1 12 bath apart-
ment washer and dryer, rent, 13 utili-
ties. Call Jennifer at 752-8555.
ROOMMATE NEEDED M DOCK-
SIDE 2 bedroom, 2 bath. Please call
758-6009 if at all interested.
ROOMMATE NEEDED ASAP,
LARGE 3 bedroom condo. Facilities
include weight room, hot-tub, free tan-
ning beds and more. Neatness a must.
$190month plus $210 deposit Call
ROOM FOR RENT AT Players Club.
Private room. Share bathroom. Rent
$220 per month plus 14 utilities. Call
321-7561, ask for Steve.
ONE BEDROOM APT. FOR rent
ASAP. Near campus, clean apt. Pets al-
lowed. For rent anytime after 121697.
$275mo heat included. No deposit
required. Call Kerry, 752-1661
2 BEDROOM DUPLEX, 2 blocks
from ECU. Central heat 8t AC, large
backyard, appliances included. $400
per month. Call 551-5025.
1 BEDROOM APT ALL utilities in-
cluded. 12 block from campus. Off
street parking. Accept cats only with
pet fee. Available now. 757-9387
1 BEDROOM APARTMENT 3 blocks
from campus. Available Jan. 1. 9 & 12
month leases. No pets allowed. For
more information call 758-5005.
WOODEN NIGHTSTAND A BOOK-
CASE, $20 each. Antique dark wood
night stand with 4 long drawers and 4
short drawers for $40. Prices negoti-
able, must go to graduate. Call 757-
NEEDED JAN. 1ST ROOMMATE to
share 2 bedroom duplex in Summer-
haven. Professional or grad student
preferred. Call Kim, 758-2800 or after
6:00 p.m. 321-8872.
I the 1 � �
QUALITY SERVICE AT A FAIR
PRICE - OIL CHANGES.
BATTERIES, NC INSPECTIONS
3205 E. 10th Street
Hours: 8 a.m. - 6 p.m. M-F; 8
a.m. - 1 p.m. Sat.
THIRD GENERATION PIRATES
SUPPORTING ECU THROUGH
ACADEMIC 8 ATHLETIC
BROWN & WOOD
329 Greenville Blvd. SW
Hours: 8:30 a.m. - 5:30 p.m. M-F
Port Tim Job
Earn Money and Rasuma
Experience working for
b Days � Mow Mads - FrM Portias - Includes Texas
Mon-Fri 5 to 9 pm
Sat 8 am to noon
Online Collections is looking for the
10 most aggressive people on ECU's
campus to work as telephone collec-
tors. The perfect part time job.
Excellent pay. Our grods get hired
based on their experience working
for us. We also have full mornings or
afternoons to work. Contact Chris
Murphy at 754-1615
or Pat Hulchins at 757-2130.
7 Nighfe AkHoy - Fraa Maab - 24 Hrs Fna Drinks
7 Nigh Air&Hotal � Sava $150 on Food & Drinks
South Baoch, Panama City. Daylono, Cocoa Baoch
Spring Break Travel - Our 1 lth Yearl
SEIZED CURS FROM $175.
Porsches, Cadillacs, Chevys, BMWs,
Corvettes. Also Jeeps, 4wd's. Your
area. Toll free 1-800-218-9000 ext. A-
3726 for current listings.
GOVT FORECLOSED HOMES
FROM pennies on $1. Delinquent tax,
Repo's, REO's. Your area. Toll Free
800-218-9000 Ext. H-3726 for current
GET PAID TO SHOP, eat out and
morel Free details. Send self-ad-
dressed stamped envelope to Busi-
ness Basics, PO Box 97-SP, West Ber-
lin, NJ 08091-0097.
FREE CASH GRANTS! COLLEGE.
SCHOLARSHIPS. Business. Medical
bills. Never Repay. Toll Free 1-800-218-
9000 ext. G-3726.
FINALS ARE COMING, SO please
make good use of Proquest, the Inter-
net and all the other references our li-
brary has to offer. But please keep in
mind that thousands of other students
use these references as well, so use
these materials with care, because ma-
terial in the library is state property!
Message by Joyner Library
SlOWS POSSIBLE TYPING PART
Time. At home. Toll free 1-800-218-
9000 ext. T-3726 for listings.
RECREATIONAL SERVICES MAR-
KETING DEPARTMENT is looking
for a qualified graphic artist to fill 20
hoursweek part-time for Spring Se-
mester. $S.15hour. If interested con-
tact Todd King, Coordinator of Market-
ing at 328-1570.
The Cotorworks is currently recruiting on
campus for a limited number of summer
98 management positions. Cain Hands-on
experience and build your resume. Last
summers average earnings 7,223.
Minimum CPA 2.0. For more information
and to schedule an interview
FREE SPRING BREAK TRIPS! Put
posters on campus, earn free trips! No
selling required! Bahamas, Cancun,
Florida, Jamaica! Best prices and
trustworthy company! springbreak-
THE NEWMAN CATHOLIC STUD-
ENT Center invites you to worship and
celebrate with them on the Feast of the
Immaculate Conception. Mass sched-
ule: Monday, December 8 Masses at:
8:00 a.m 9:00 a.m 12:00 noon. (953
E. 10th St 2 houses from Fletcher Mu-
SAT DEC. S- SENIOR RECITAL, John
Gustafson, tuba, A.J. Fletcher Recital
Hall, 4:00 p.m. Sat Dec. 6- Senior Re-
cital, Phillip Resuggan, Guitar, AJ.
Fletcher Recital Hall. 9:00 p.m. Sun
Dec. 7- Holiday Concert, featuring the
Symphonic Wind Ensemble, Christo-
pher Knighten, Conductor, Sponsored
for the community by the Friends of
the School of Music, Wright Auditori-
um, 2:00 p.m. Sun, Dec. 7-University
Chorale, Janna Brendell, Conductor,
Immanuel Baptist Church, 1101 S. Elm
Street, 4:00 p.m. Mon Dec. 8- Strata
Trio, Nathan Williams, clarinet, James
Stern, violinviola, Audrey Andrist, pia-
no, Hendrix Theatre, 8:00 p.m.
PSI CHI WILL HOLD its annual End
of The Semester Party this Wednes-
day, December 10 at 5:00 p.m. in Raw!
302. Come and join the fun!I
EAST CAROLINA HONORS OR-
GANIZATION (ECHO) meeting
Thurs. Dec. 4 in the lobby of Fleming
Hall at 5:30 p.m.
E.C.U. LAW SOCIETY WILL hold its
last meeting of the year on Thurs. ,
Dec. 4th at 7:00 p.m. in Raw! Room
1031 Join us as wa discuss how to pre-
pare for LSAT and getting into Law
DEC. 4-PERCUSSION PLAYERS,
Mark Ford, Director, A J. Fletcher Reci-
tal Hall, 8:00 p.m. Thurs Dec. 4 - SuJ�
Dec. 7-ECU Madrigal Dinners, Brett
Watson, Director, The Great Room,
Mendenhall Student Center, 7:00 p.m
for ticket information call 919-328-4788
or 1-800-ECU-ARTS (328-2787). Fri
Dec. 5-Student Recital, Andrew Rogel-
berg, piano, AJ. Fletcher Recital Hall,
7:00 p.m. Fri Dec. 5- East Carolina
University Contemporary Orchestra,
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imiiiliiiii i unf w
Human Life Alliance of Minnesota Education Fund Inc.�Advertising Supplement
Human Life Alliance of Minnesota Education Fund Inc.�Advertising Supplement (1997)
of the Matter
The special lav between mother and baby coses straight from the heart.
This Supplement has been prepared by:
Human Life Alliance of Minnesota Education Fund
3570 Lexington Avenue North, Suite 205
St. Paul, Minnesota 55126 � (612) 484-1040.
If you're in a crisis pregnancy, or know
someone who is, please be assured that we
understand the emotional trauma you are
going through � the doubts, the fears, the
sense of shame and frustration. We know
the agonizing decisions you face and the
pressures you feel.
At first blush, opting for an abortion
probably sounds like the"quick-fix" sqlu-
tion to your problem. You need to be
advised, as this supplement does in numer-
ous articles, that abortion is not in your
best interest. Those who have been telling
you that it 'sa" women's rights " issue have
been withholding critical information from
Actually, if you are subjecting yourself
to the possible after-effects of abortion, as
outlined on page six; or putting yourself in
the position of being the anguished mother
pouring out her heart from personal expe-
rience (onpage seven); or making yourself
two to four times more prone to breast
cancer (documented by recent research),
shouldn 't people who claim to be for women
be warning you of these consequences?
Perhaps abortion isn 't about women's
rights after all! What then, or whom, is it
about? The answer can be found within
For instance, isn't it exciting to dis-
cover, as Dr. Jerome Lejeune points out
on page four that the miniature language
mapping out the new baby at the time of
fertilization contains more information
about himher than can be stored in five
sets (not volumes) of Encyclopedia Britan-
Itisourhope that in reading this Supple-
ment and relating to thepreborn child you
will be convinced that abortion, besides
not being in your best interest, is indeed an
unjust, inhumane and irreversible destruc-
tion of an innocent human life. There are
alternatives to such a drastic measure!
Is carrying your baby to term a manage-
able decision? Yes it is! Please refer to
page five to realize the number of people
and organizations ready and eager to help
you. Don't hesitate to call on them, what-
ever your needs. The support is there to see
you through your crisis pregnancy - and
Remember the decision you make will
affect you for the rest of your life. Don't
let anyone pressure you into a quick deci-
sion! We don't pretend to have an easy
solution - but a just, manageable, reward-
ing one, one which you will not regret:
continued life for your baby!
Marlene Reid, President
Human Life Alliance of Minnesota
Fact vs. Fiction: Exposing the Myths
Claim: Abortion is legal, therefore, it must be right.
Answer: If child abuse were suddenly declared legal by the U.S. Supreme Court, would that
make it right? Would we ignore such an injustice and do nothing to protect the children?
Claim: I have the right to "choose" to abort my baby � a woman's "right to choose
Answer: How can anyone have the right to choose to kill another individual? The only
"choice" in abortion is between a dead baby or a live babv. Furthermore, the advocates who
defend the "choice" to abort, producing a dead babv. are not consistent. Why is it only in
the case of abortion they argue that "choice" should be absolute? Using the same rationale,
shouldn't people have the right to "choose" to use drugs "It's my body") or the right to
"choose" to practice prostitution? Should our society allow a person to"choose" to kill
another person (or have that person killed) to solve the first person's problem?
Claim: The government should not interfere with a woman's "right" to abortion.
Answer: Our Declaration of Independence declares that we have an "inalienable right to
Life, Liberty and the Pursuit of Happiness Thomas Jefferson defined government's role,
"The care of human life and happiness, and not their destruction, is the first and only object
of good government President Reagan, a defender of the human and civil rights of the
preborn, called it "the transcendent right to life of all human beings, the right without which
no other rights have any meaning (Without life, taxation, education etc are immaterial).
Claim: If public money (tax money) is not available to pay for abortions "poor"women
will be denied access to abortion. They wiU be discriminated against.
Answer: Are we obligated to provide cigarettes and alcohol to poor people if they cannot
afford them? On the contrary, government is very explicit about which items may be
purchased with food stamps. Is this considered discrimination? The same people who argue
for "public" subsidies for abortions are the same ones who argue that it is a "private" decision.
To quote Congressman Henry Hyde, "We have a 'right' to free speech. Does this mean the
government has to buy us a personal computer? A typewriter? A megaphone?"
Claim: I am personally opposed to abortion, but I would not interfere with another's right
to have an abortion nor impose my morality on others.
Answer: Analogy if the abolitionists had bought this argument regarding the slavery issue,
some states could still be saddled with slavery today. Every law ever passed sets standards
which reflect someone's (or a body of law-makers') morality.
Claim: You want to ban women's "constitutional right" to abortion.
Answer: This is a "spurious" or false "right" - having no basis in the Constitution. The U.S.
Supreme Court claims to have discovered a "privacy" right in the "penumbra" of the
Constitution ("penumbra" definition: a partly lighted area around an area of full shadow).
Court decisions (Roe v. Wade and Doe v. Boltori) are aberrations (deviations from truth) and
do nothing more than grant temporary license to kill children in the womb, the most
dangerous place of residence. This license is tenuous and could be over-ridden by reversal
or an amendment to the U.S. Constitution. Indeed, to guarantee the permanent freedom of
the slaves and establish rights for all U.S. "persons" the 14th Amendment to the Constitution
was passed. It states, No state shall make or enforce any law which shall abridge the
privileges or immunities of citizens of the United States: nor shall any state deprive any
person of life, liberty, or property without due process oflaw; nor deny to any p��Son.within
its jurisdiction the equal protection of the law (emphasis added). In Roe v. Wade the Court
determined that unborn children are rjol "persons" even though they have the right to inherit
property, the right to be protected from a drug-addicted mother, and many other rights. Some
states have entire sections of law outlining Crimes Against Unborn Children in which they,
from conception on, are protected from negligent or willful harm or death.
Claim: If legal abortions are banned, women will resort to back alley abortions.
Answer: In 1972, the year before the Supreme Court legalized abortion, a total of 39 women
died from illegal abortions, according to the U.S. Centers for Disease Control. Former
abortion provider Carol Everett states, "In the last 18 months I was in the business, we were
completing 500 abortions monthly and killing or maiming one woman out of 500" (p. 10).
If the numbers are this astounding for her four Texas clinics, it doesn't take an expert
mathematician to figure out that the number of maternal casualties happening nationwide
at the over 2200 supposedly "safe" abortuaries would be in the high hundreds.
Claim: Abortion should be legal to end a pregnancy resulting from rape or incest
Answer: It is important to remember that the child conceived in rape, or incest, is no less
human than any other child. David Reardon's article, (page 8) points out that the very worst
solution that can be offered to the pregnant woman at this crisis time in her life is an abortion.
Abortion compounds the problem! If a small child were killed in the street by a negligent
driver and it was later determined that the child had been conceived in rape, would the driver
be held less responsible? Is that child's death less tragic?
2 j�. i'
M 1IIIM4 J� ��
Human Lite Alliance of Minnesota Education Fund Inc.�Advertising Supplement (1997)
Test Your Abortion I.Q.
1. On January 22; 1973 the U.S. Supreme
Court legalized abortion through which
month of pregnancy?
A) 3rd month; B) 4th month; C) 6th month;
D) 9th month
2. Since surgical abortion was legalized in
1973 the number of preborn babies' lives
extinguished by surgical abortion alone is:
A) 6 million; B) 12 million; C) 30 million;
D) 35 million
3. Abortion is the leading cause of death in
the U.S causing what percent of total deaths?
A) 21; B) 35; C) 46; D) 52
4. What age group of women have the
greatest number of abortions?
A) 15-19; B) 20-24; C) 25-29; D) 30-34
5. About 10 million Black children have
been aborted since abortion was legalized.
This is what fraction of the present Black
population in the U.S.?
A) one-eighth; B) one-fifth; C) one-third;
6. Since 1960 the number of babies born
out-of-wedlock has risen by what percent?
A) 60; B) 105; C) 250; D) 419
7. Women who abort their first child stand
how much greater risk of developing breast
A)3x; B)2x; C)4x
8. With the advances in medical science
the number of surgical procedures which are
now performed on babies in the womb is:
A) over 50; B) 80; Q 90; D) over 100
9. One out of every how .many preborn
babies is killed by abortion?
A) two; B) three; Q four; D) six
10. What percent of abortions performed in
the U.S. are repeat abortions?
A) 30; B) nearly 40; C) nearly 50;
11. What percent of women who have had
abortions experience suicidal tendencies?
A) 45; B) 60; C) 70; D) 75
12. Adeveloping baby's heart begins to beat
A) 21 days; B) 30 days; C) 45 days;
D) 60 days
13. How many Americans now have an
incurable sexually transmitted disease?
A) 20 million; B) 36 million; C) 56 million
14. Every year up to what number of U.S.
women become infertile because of STDs?
A) 66,000; B) 75,000; C) 98,000; D) 150,000
The answers to these questions can be found on p. 9.
Abortion is Legal During
7th, 8th and 9th Months
In Roe v. Wade the Court allowed states to
restrict abortions in the 3rd trimester "except
where it is necessary for the preservation
of life or health of the mother However, in
Doe v. Bolton, the companion case to Roe,
the Court defined "health" to include "all
factors - physical, emotional, psychological,
familial, and the woman's age - relevant to
the well-being of the patient Because of
this broad definition of "health" the Court, in
effect, permitted abortion-on-demand in all
fifty states right up until birth for any reason!
Chronology of a New Life
Fertilization: Thespermjoinswiththeovumtoformonecell. Thisonecellcontains
the complex genetic makeup for every detail of human development�the child's
sex, hair and eye color, height, skin tone etc.
Month One: The first cell divides within several hours and then cell division
continues in an orderly fashion every few hours as the small group of cells travels
down the Fallopian tube to the uterus, where the uterine filling has been prepared for
implantation. There are over 100 cells present when this tiny embryo reaches the
Uterus 7 to 10 days after fertilization. Day 20�foundations of the brain, spinal cord
and nervous system are already established; day 21�the heart begins to beat in a
regular fashion; day 28�the backbone, the rest of the skeleton, and muscles are
forming�arms, legs, eyes and ears have begun to show. At one month old, the
embryo is 10,000 times larger than the original fertilized egg � and developing
rapidly. The heart is pumping increased quantities of blood through the system. The
placenta forms a unique barrier that keeps the mother's blood separate, but allows
food and oxygen to pass to the baby.
Month Two: At 35 days the pre-bom baby has all her fingers. Brain waves can be
detected at day 40; the brain is controlling 40 sets of muscles as well as the organs.
The jaw forms, including teeth buds in the gums. The eyelids seal during this time
to protect the baby's developing light-sensitive eyes which will reopen in the seventh
month. The stomach produces digestive juices and the kidneys have begun to
function. The tiny human being responds to touch. By 8 weeks, the developing baby
is now referred to as the fetus, a Latin word meaning "young one" or "offspring
Month Three: Day 63 (9 weeks): Unique fingerprints are evident and never change.
The baby now sleeps, awakens and exercises her muscles by turning her head, curling
her toes, and opening and closing her mouth - often sucking her thumb. Her palm,
when stroked, will make a tight fist. She breathes amniotic fluid to help develop her
respiratory system. By 12 weeks all the organs and systems of her body are
functioning. The only major activity from now until birth is growth - the increase in
Month Four: By the end of this month (16 weeks) the baby is 8 to 10 inches in length
and weighs a half pound or more. Her ears are functioning, and there is evidence that
the baby hears her mother's voice and heartbeat, as well as external noises. The
umbilical cord has become an engineering marvel, transporting 300 quarts of fluids
per day and completing a round-trip of fluids every 30 seconds. Because the preborn
child is now larger, the mother usually begins to feel her baby's movements during
Month Five: Half the pregnancy has now passed. The baby is about 12 inches long.
If a sound is especially loud or startling, she may jump in reaction to it. Babies born
at this stage of development (19 - 20 weeks) are surviving at an increasing rate, thanks
to advances in medical technology.
Month Six (24 weeks): Oil and sweat glands are functioning. The baby's delicate
skin is protected in the amniotic sac by a special ointment "vernix
MonthSeven: Thebaby'sbrainhasasmanycellsasitwillhaveatbirth. Thepreborn
child uses the four senses of vision, hearing, taste and touch. Research has
documented that she can now recognize her mother's voice.
Month Eight: The skin begins to thicken, with a layer of fat stored underneath for
insulation and nourishment. Antibodies increasingly build up. The baby swallows
a gallon of amniotic fluid per day, more if it is sweetened. She often hiccups. She has
been urinating for several months.
Month Nine: Toward the end of this month, the baby is ready for birth. The average
duration of pregnancy is 280 days from the first day of the mother's last menstrual
period, but this varies. By this time the infant's heart is pumping 300 gallons of blood
per day. In response to signals from the brain the child triggers labor, and birth occurs.
After birth new brain cells are being formed for nine months. Likewise, other
organ systems are still maturing. Of the 45 generations of cell divisions before
adulthood, 41 have taken place in the womb. Only four more will come - during the
rest of infancy and childhood, but before adolescence. In developmental terms we
spend 90 of our lives in the womb.
rf Jaef R. SwtOB. MA
Photo Omiwy of Ont� fib�. Lit
I ili � Ulli �. �in-
Ill I �
Life Begins at Conception
"Each of us has a very precise starting
moment which is the time at which the
whole necessary and sufficient genetic
information is gathered inside one cell,
the fertilized egg, and this is the moment
of fertilization. There is not the slightest
doubt about that and we know that
this information is written on a kind of
ribbon which we call the DNA
Or. Jerome LeJeune
Jerome LeJeune, M.D
Ph.D. tells us much about
the intricacies of the be-
ginning of human life.
Contrary to the popular
view that the baby be-
comes more and more
"developed" as the weeks
of pregnancy go on, Dr.
LeJeune says that the very
first cell, the fertilized egg,
is "the most specialized
cell under the sun No
other cell will ever again
have the same instructions
in the life of the individual
In the words of Dr.
LeJeune Each of us has a
very precise starting point
which is the time at which
the whole necessary and
sufficient genetic informa-
tion is gathered inside one
celL the fertilized egg, and
this is the moment of fer-
tilization. There is not the
slightest doubt about that
and we know that this in-
formation is written on a
kind of ribbon which we
call the DNA
He explains that the
fertilized egg contains
more information about
the new individual than
can be stored in five sets
(not volumes) of the En-
cyclopedia Britannica (if
enlarged to normal print).
To further emphasize the
minuteness of this lan-
guage, Dr. LeJeune states
that if all the one-metre-
long DNA of the sperms
and all the one-metre-long
DNA of the ova which
contain the instructions
for the 5 billion human
beings who will replace
us on this planet were
brought together in one
place the total amount of
matter would be roughly
the size of two aspirin
When Dr. LeJeune
testified in the Louisiana
Legislature (House Com-
mittee on the Administra-
tion of Criminal Justice,
June 7, 1990) he stated,
"Recent discoveriesby Dr.
Alec Jeffreys of England
demonstrate that this in-
formation (on the DNA
molecule) is stored by a
system of bar codes not
unlike those found on
products at the supermar-
ket it's not any longer a
theory that each of us is
ten, the symphony of life.
He explained that if you
buy a cartridge on which
a Mozart symphony has
been recorded and insert
it in a player, what is be-
ing reproduced is the
movement of the air that
transmits to you the ge-
nius of Mozart. In mak-
ing the analogy he said,
"It's exactly the same way
life is played. On the tiny
mini-cassettes which are
chromosomes are written
various parts of the opus
which is for human sym-
phony, and as soon as all
the information necessary
and sufficient to spell the
whole symphony (is
brought together) this
symphony plays itself,
that is, a new man is be-
ginning his career as
soon as he has been con-
ceived, a man is a man
Dr. LeJeune states that
because of studies pub-
lished within the last year
we can now determine
within three to seven days
after fertilization if the
new human being is a boy
or a girl.
"At no time Dr.
LeJeune says, "is the hu-
man being a blob of proto-
plasm. As far as your na-
ture is concerned, I see no
difference between the
early person that you were
at conception and the late
person which you are
now. You were, and are, a
In the testimony Dr.
LeJeune gave on The
Seven Human Embryos
(Circuit Court for Blount
County, Tennessee at
Maryville, Equity Divi-
sion, August 8-10, 1989)
he compared the chromo-
some to a mini-cassette, in
which a symphony is writ-
Human Life Alliance ot Minnesota Education Fund Inc.�Advertising Supplement (1997)
Legalized Abortion Based on Lies and Fraud
Norma McCorvey was the "Jane Roe" of Roe v. Wade.
Early in 1970 Norma McCorvey claimed that she had been gang-raped and became
pregnant. Attorneys Sarah Weddington and Linda Coffee, newly graduated from the
University of Texas Law School, needed a "client" in order to challenge Texas' 100-year old
law that banned abortions. They convinced Norma that she should be seeking an abortion.
The case was subsequently argued all the way to the Supreme Court which resulted in
legalizing abortion in all 50 states in 1973. In the meantime, Norma's baby was born and
released for adoption. In 1987, McCorvey admitted that the gang-rape was a lie. In August
1995, she joined Operation Rescue stating that she was tired of being exploited by the pro-
While Roe v. Wade legalized abortion, on the same date, Doe v. Bolton provided for
abortion-on-demand for the entire nine months of pregnancy and was the legal vehicle
which provided Court sanction for the over 2200 abortion mills across the country.
Sandra Cano was "Mary Doe" of Doe v. Bolton
Sandra Cano now says she was an unwitting participant in fraud on the highest court in
the land. Sandra was a young expectant mother with three children facing a divorce from a
husband who was in jail for child molestation. Cano's three children had been taken from
her by family service workers. They were being shunted from one bad environment to
another. Cano loved her children dearly. She was almost insane with grief when she turned
to Legal Aid Services for help. The offer of N.O.W. lawyers to take the whole mess off her
hands, obtain a divorce and regain custody of her children sounded too good to be true.
When the attorneys hinted that they would like to strike a deal which would include
aborting the child Sandra was carrying she made it very clear that she could never do that.
Yet, her attorneys ignored her objections and ran roughshod over her. When she realized
her case had been used to obtain abortion-on-demand she said, why would I stretch my
imagination to include a plan so bizarre that it would give people in a civilized society
permission to kill their own babies? I surely never thought they would tie my personal
anxieties about retrieving my children to a scheme to make abortion-on-demand legal
Ironically, the Cano baby, like the McCorvey baby, was carried to term and relinquished for
adoption. Yet, 35,000,000 other babies have lost their lives to surgical abortion because of
these two cases.
Dr. Jerome LeJeune died
on April 3,1994. Dr. LeJeune
of Paris, France was a,
medical doctor, a Doctor of
Science and a professor of
Fundamental Genetics for
over 20 years. Dr. LeJeune
discovered the genetic cause
of Down Syndrome, receiv-
ing the Kennedy Prize for
the discovery and, in addi-
tion, received the Memorial
Allen Award Medal, the
world's highest award for
work in the field of Genetics.
He practiced his profession
at the Hospital des Enfants
Malades (Sick Children's
Hospital) in Paris.
Dr. LeJeune was a mem-
ber of the American Acad-
emy of Arts and Science, a
member of the Royal Society
of Medicine in London, The
Royal Society of Science in
Stockholm, the Science Acad-
emy in Italy and Argentina,
The Pontifical Academy of
Science and The Academy of
Medicine in France.
Sarah Weddington was the Attorney
Sarah Weddington, the attorney who argued Roe v. Wade before the U.S. Supreme Court,
gave a speech at the Education Ethics Institute in Oklahoma. She explained why she
defended the sketchy story and false rape charge of a Texas waitress "Jane Roe" all the way
to the Supreme Court: "My behavior may not have been totally ethical. But I did it for what
I thought were the right reasons Tuba World 52493.
Playboy Provided the Funding
Hugh Heffner, founder of Playboy claims to have done one great thing for women:
"Playboy probably had more to do than any other company with Roe v. Wade. We supplied
the money for those early cases and actually wrote the amicus curiae for Roe
Miami Herald 111892
Do You Hear What I Hear?
"With no hype at all, the fetus can rightly be called
a marvel of cognition, consciousness and sentience
"She slides into the world with
eyes alert, the tiny ridges of her ears
living antennae scanning the conver-
sation frequencies in the room. She finds
her mother's voice with her ears, and her
The baby's alertness and awareness
begins with early development in the
womb. The prebom baby can hear and
respond to sound. Car horns can make
the baby jump. Her heartbeat quickens.
When Peter Hepper of Queens Univer-
sity in Belfast repeatedly played to 30-
week-old fetuses the theme song from a
popular soap opera, they relaxed. After
birth, the babies became "quite
alert" when they heard the tune.
When a loudspeaker directs speech
syllables at a mother-to-be's abdomen,
the fetus's heart slows, a sign of atten-
tiveness. The heartbeat speeds up as the
fetus gets bored with the sounds, then
slows again if new ones flow into the
A fetus remembers some experiences
and may alter her behavior as a result.
The title, the direct quotes and other pertinent
information in this article are taken from:
Newsweek Special Issue, "How Kids Grow
Summer 1991 (Begley).
.Hi,il i Ij'i j-ij
Jl. I�l !�
1-Telp for Pi
Pregnancy Support Centers
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CATHOLIC SOCIAL MINISTRIES: (see listing under Pregnancy Aid Centers)
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housing. 286 W.MilBwood Road, Raleigh, NC 27609. 919-870-1896.
CHRISTIAN ADOPTION SERVICES INC Provides free pregnancy counseling, cmkfctrthi
foster care, parenting chases, support group ref emus for financial aid. 624 Matthews-Mint Hill Road.
Suite 134. Matthews. NC 28105. 704-847-0038.
NATIONALCOUNCILFOR ADOPTION: ProvWesaaeaensWepilicstk�listcf
on,madditonto�nselingrefen�rvk�. 193017 Street, Wadrir DC 2O00M2O7.
GREENSBORO PREGNANCY CARE CENTER, 917 N. Elm Street, 27401. 910-274-4901.
CAROLINA PREGNANCY CENTER. 209 B South Evans, 27835. 919-757-2724.
NEW BEGINNINGS MINISTRIES, 115 N. Churton Street, 27278. 919-732-6105.
CRISIS PREGNANCY CENTER OFHIGHPOINT.211 W.Lexington, Suite 105,27261 910-887-223Z
CRAVEN PREGNANCY COUNSELING CENTER, 1902-B Brittany Place, 28560. 919-634673.
BRTHCHOICE. 400Oberlin Road. Suite 340.27605. 919-828-5433 (hotline).
PREGNANCY LIFE CARE CENTER. 3003-C Ewix Orele. 27608. 919-571-7448 (office) or
PREGNANCY CARE CENTER. 330 Sunset Avenue. 27804. 919-446-2273.
FIRST STEP CRISIS PREGNANCY CENTER. 212 Bridge Street, Wilson Building, 27577.
LIFE LINE CRISIS PREGNANCY CENTER, 925 South Kerr Ave Plum Tree Office Plaza, Suite M
WILSON PREGNANCY CENTER, 703 W. Nash Street, 27893.919-237-6833.
Wlnston-Satem: . �
SALEM PREGNANCY CARE CENTER, 503 Thurston Street, 27103. 9107603680.
CATHOLIC SOaALSERVKES: Pregmiicy.adopuon.andpo-abortioncounsdin Food and housing
assistance. Regional Offices:
Atbemarie 919-426-7717 New Bern 919-638-2188
Asheville 704-2554)146 Pridmont 919-286-1964
Cape Fear 910251-8130 R-leigh 919-832-0225
Ctelotte 704-343-9954 Tar River 919-355-5111
Fayetteville 910424-2020 Winston-Satan 910727-0705
CARE NET: 1-703-478-5661
NURTURING NETWORK: Offers opportunities for pregnant women to continue their educations or
careers. 910 Main Street, Suite 360, P.O. Box 2050, Boise, Idaho 83701. 800-TNN-4M,O!r
AMERICAN COLLEGIANS FOR LIFE; Acoaliuonofr��u1an300pro-lifecaiiusgroups. P.O.Box
1112, Washington, DC 20013. 301-858-9646.
AMERICAN LIFE LEAGUE INC: Publishies CeUbraU Lift Magazine, books, pamphlets and video
upt.borticeuuw.chwtity.eK, P.O. box 1350, Stefford. VA 22S55. 703-65-M171.
CENTERFORBIOETHICALREFORM: Offers Seminar books, audiovideotapesaboutwhatabortion
doe. to the mother and child and how to properly respond. P.O. Box 8056, Mission Hills, CA 91346.
Inquiries: 818-3602477 to order materieais: 800959-9775.
ETERNAL LIFE: Provides booklets, audio tapes, and newsletter, in support of the fanary and prolife
activities. P.O.Box787,Bardstown,KY 40004-0787. 502-348-3963.
FEMINISTS FOR LIFE: Provides Uterature showing that true feminism is pro-life. 73315th Street NW.
Suite 1100, Washington, DC 20005. 202-737-335Z
HUMAN LIFEINTERNATIONAL: AnnitenjatiMHdiro-lifefarm Information covering
abortion healing, AIDS, euthanasia.andcha.tity vs. sex education 4 FanmyUfe, Front Royal VA22630.
NATTONALRIGHTTOUFECOMMnTEEINC: PuWishesNRLNewstwicemonthly($16Arear). 419
7th Street NW. Suite 500, Washington. DC 20004. 202-626800
NATURALFAMTLY PLANNING: A healthy and mo�lry�ceptebte alternative to tlierUD,KB.Depo-
Provera and Norptant (all often cause early abortions.) Couple to Couple League provide, matenal and
local referrals: P.O. Box 111 184, Cincinnati. OH 45211. 513-471-2000.
NORTH CAROLINA RIGHTTO LIFE. INC P.O. Box 9282. Greemboro.NC 27429-0282. Contact:
Barbara Holt, President (910274-5433), FAX (910274-4361).
WOMEN AFFIRMING LIFE: Provides speakers and information promoting respect for the lives of
women and their unborn children. Members indude mothers, single women teenagers, lawyer university
faculty, writers and executives. P.O. Box 35532, Brighton, MA 02135. 617-327-7626.
AMERICAN VICTIMS OF ABORTION: Sui�portforworiK�whohavebeenvknimsofabortion.4197th
Street NW, Suite 402, Washington, DC 20004. 202-626800x1322. Contact: Olivia Gans.
NATIONALOITICEOFPOST-ABORTIONRECONCILIATIONAND HEALING: Provides informa-
tion, counseling, and referrals. P.O. Box 07477. Milwaukee, WI 53207-0477. 414-MTM141 or referral
PROTECT RACHEL- A post-abortion reconciliation and healing outreach to women and men suffering
frcnPcTwi abortic. 2510 Piney PUins Rd 0-jr. NC 27511. 919-852-1021.
contact: Linda Piummer, Director.
VICTIMS OF CHOKE: P.O. Box 815. Naperville, EL 60566. 708-378-1680.
BAPTISTMATERNTTYHOME: Offer.housing.counsdmg,medical care,c�ttinuingeducation. Bible
study �ndworsWpopportimities.Wcwiptacememag� �
Pearson Drive, Asheville, NC 28801. Ratagh contact 919-846-1588.
CHRISTIAN LIFE HOME: Provides care, consding, shelter, and life skills trainir� m a loviitg family
atmosphere. Serves five women at a time, offering guidance and acceptarK presiding hope and heipmg
tosecureabrigroerfutrureforttewomenandtheiruiibo Non-proftt,non-dmominauonai. ME
Cleveland, Raleigh. NC 27605. 919-828-5002. Contact: Amy Jones.
FLORENC3CRITTENDON HOUSE: Provides housing, counsdmg. medical care, classes in childbirth
and child care, and has a vocationd training program. After care homes for wommchooaiiig.to keep or
"veuptheirbabie 1001 BlythBlvdP.O.Box3639.Charlotte.NC 28236. 704-372-4663. LocdRep:
Debra Hughes, 919-752-8407.
PRECIOUS CHILD CRISIS PREGNANCY CENTER: Offers placement with families who provide a
home f�.wcduringpregn�Ky��d up u. one month after the lf-?S??
marital, and family counseling. 537 Huffman Mill Road,Burlington,NC 27215. 910584-4444 or910
ROOMATTHEINN: A professiond staff and trained volunteers offer help to singte.pregitam mother.
and their babies by providing a Christian home, home-cooked meals, a hedthy and cleani home
3737 Weona Avenue, Charlotte, NC 28209. 704-525-4673.
THE ROYAL HOME: provide, a loving, safe shelter for pregnant women and their babies. Counsding
and personal god-setting, continued educational opportunities, life skills wining, spiritual guidance,
104 North Fayetteville Street, Sdemburg.NC 28385. 919-525-5554.
i' � Hi iiimj �i�!ga��
Human Life Alliance of Minnesota Education Fund Inc.�Advertising Supplement (1997)
The Wound Heals, a Scar Remains
Beyond the battle of ideals and rhetoric, the hard reality exists that women suffer mental and
emotional anguish of abortion. For some, it takes years before they experience a profound
reaction. Dr. James Fogel, a psychiatrist and obstetrician, as well as an abortion provider,
acknowledges the effects of abortion on the mother:
"Abortion is an impassioned subject Every woman-whatever her age, background or
sexuality has a trauma at destroying a pregnancy. A level of humanness is touched. This is
part of her own life. She destroys a pregnancy, she is destroying herself. There is no way it
can be innocuous It is totally beside the point whether or not you think a life is there. You
cannot deny that something is being created and that this creation is physically happening
But it is not as harmless and casual an event as many in the pro-abortion crowd insist. A
psychological price is paid. It may be alienation; it may be a pushing away from human
warmth, perhaps a hardening of the maternal instinct. Something happens on the deeper levels
of a woman's consciousness when she destroys a pregnancy. I know that as a psychiatrist 1
Linda Bird Francke, a professional journalist and feminist decribes how, when faced with
an unplanned pregnancy, the decision to abort seemed logical and practical until she and her
husband were sitting in the waiting room:
"Suddenly the rhetoric, the abortion marches I'd walked in, the telegrams sent to Albany to
counteract the friends of the fetus, the Zero Population Growth buttons I'd worn peeled away,
and 1 was all alone with my microscopic baby She recalled how intellectually, she tried
to concentrate on how small the fetus was, and therefore how impossible it was for it to be
human her own body kept telling her that there was real life growing within her. "Though
I would march myself into blisters for a woman's right to exercise the option of motherhood,
I discovered I was not the modem woman I thought I was She longed for her husband to
valiantly "burst" through the door and stop it from happening. When he failed to do so, she
begged the doctor to stop. But it was too late "me hum of the machine signaled that the
vacuuming of my uterus was completed, my baby sucked up like ashes after a cocktail party
Francke revealed how, during times of relaxation, when she had time to reflect on the beauty
of the world, she experienced the common reaction of "visitations" from her aborted child.
Her benign "little ghost" would come to her and wave. And she would tearfully wave back
to reassure her lost baby that if only he could return, now they would make room for him in
their busy lives.2
Five years later, Francke wrote The Ambivalence of Abortion, in which she transcribes
reactions to the abortion experience of other women, couples and men. The interviews were
consistent with the findings of other researchers. Themajority expressed guilt, remorse and
negative feelings toward their abortion. Most saw that abortion involves a baby.
1 From an interview with columnist Colman McCarthy. 'A Psychological View of Abortion St. Paul Sunday
PUmeer Press, VIP I. Dr. Fogel. who continued to do abortions for the next two decades, reiterated the same view
in a subsequent interview with McCarthy. The Real Anguish of Abortions" The Washingtim Post. 2989.
2 Jane DoefLinda Bird FranckeThere Just Wasn't Room In Our Lives For Another Baby NYTimes. V1476
Physical Risks Of Abortion
"People do not understand that there are thousands of serious physical complications
from abortion every year in this country
Dr. Bernard Nathanson, OB-GYN
Parts of baby left inside
Damage to other organs
Inability to become pregnant again
Pelvic inflammatory disease
Higher Risk of Breast Cancer
"Abortion has a painful aftermath, regardless of the woman's religious beliefs, or how
positive she may have felt beforehand about her decision to abort"
Vincent Rue, Ph.D. Psychologist.
The above complications and their frequencies are documented in the following publica-
tions. These resources are only a fraction of the many studies published pointing to the risks
involved with legal abortion. For a more complete listing, request a copy of Major Articles
and Books Concerning the Detrimental Effects of Abortion, from The Rutherford Institute,
P.O. Box 7482, Charlottesville, VA 22906-7482, 1-804-978-3888.
American Journal of Obstetrics & Gynecology 1992; 166:100-103
International Journal Gynaecol. Obstet. 23:45-50(1985)
Joint Program for the Study of Abortion, (JPSA): C. Tietee and Lewis
Contemporary ObGyn 35(2); 58-69 Feb. 1990
BernadeU Technical Bulletin, 1989; I: I: I -2
"Induced Abortion, A World Review C. Tietze, The Population Council. New York (1983). p 83
Anr.es Chirurgiae it Gynaecologiae 70: 331 -336 (1981)
Fertility and Sterility, 45( I): 5-16 (1986)
Journal of American Medical Association 243:2495 (1980)
Clinics in Obstetrics and Gynecology 13(1): 95, Mar. 1986
Danish Medical Bulletin. 35(1): 64-75. Feb. 1988
American Journal (if Obstetrics & Gynecology 1989; 1260:642-6
Breast Cancer and Abortion
Glamour, the popular women's magazine,
received input from 3000 women and in
Feb. 94 reported that, "Virtually all of
those who'd had abortions in the past said
that if they'd only known how much they'd
regret having an abortion after the fact,
they never would have agreed to the pro-
cedure The magazine also notedThe
births of subsequent children or some other
exposure to the intricacies of child devel-
opment were often listed as experiences
that helped them see just how misguided
they had been in deciding to abort One
woman said "Society told us it (abortion)
was safe and legal. And the abortionist
and her crew never counseled me on any-
thingthe procedure itself, the risks, the
alternatives wondered why, if I had
participated in this wonderful, self-liber-
ating experience, I did not feel a sense of
deliverance, but a loss of self respect, and
little by little a loss of myself
Almost all of the-known factors which in-
crease the risk of breast cancer are associ-
ated with excess exposure to the main fe-
male sex steroid hormone, estrogen. For
several years, the tie in between abortion and
breast cancer has been recognized. How-
ever, it is unknown to the general public how
and why they are interrelated.
High levels of estrogen flood me woman's
system in the first trimester of pregnancy.
This stimulates a massive growth of breast
cells to develop a system capable of produc-
ing milk. Toward the end of the pregnancy
other hormones act to make the breast cells
mature and eliminate cells that are not
needed. Once the cells complete this period
of growth and maturation, there are no fur-
ther significant changes for the rest of the
woman's life. Research shows that when a
woman completes her first full pregnancy,
the hormonal changes that occur perma-
nently alter the structure of her breasts in a
way that greatly reduces her risk of breast
cancer. (E.Wertz, S.W. Duffy, Br. J. of Cancer 1988)
An abortion will not reverse the changes
which have begun with pregnancy, it only
interrupts them. Ultimately, an induced abor-
tion of a first pregnancy circumvents the pro-
tective effects of a full-term pregnancy, pos-
sibly leaving millions of breast cells in vul-
nerable transitional StateS.(Rutto American Jour-
nal of Pathology, Vol 100.1980) The consequent
sharp increase in the number of vulnerable
cells thus elevates breast cancer risk. (Krieger,
American Journal of Epidemiology, Vol 131, 1990)
Miscarriages (spontaneous abortions) do
not confer an increased breast cancer risk.
One reason many spontaneous abortions oc-
cur is because the woman's ovaries do not
secrete an adequate amount of pregnancy
hormones and. never generate the high es-
trogen levels necessary to maintain a preg-
nancy. A miscarriage is the natural termi-
nation of an abnormal pregnancy while an
induced abortion is the artificial termination
of a normal pregnancy.
There are at least two dozen published peer
reviewed studies pointing to the abortion
breast cancer link that go back as far as 1957.
Dr. Joel Brind, an endocrinology specialist
and a team of researchers are currently per-
forming a "meta-analysis which compiles
the results of every research study completed
to date. As of Nov. 1993, based on work in
progress, Brind reported that every study of
induced abortions performed before the first
live birth is consistent with an initial increase
in breast cancer risk of at least 50. If mul-
tiple abortions are involved, the risk can in-
crease up to 400.(t)
Information continues to be released re-
garding the connection between abortion and
the onset of breast cancer. In November
1994, Dr. J. Dahling published a study in the
Journal of the National Cancer Inst. indi-
cating a minimal 50 increased risk.
"Our data support the hypothesis that an
induced abortion can adversely influence a
woman's subsequent risk of breast cancer
This study also showed, as have others be-
fore it, that women experiencing naturally
occuring spontaneous abortion (miscarriage)
were not at a higher risk.
In his work, Dr. Brind points to the differ-
ence in severity of the cancer because of a
woman's abortion history.
"There are several studies which show that
women who have breast cancer and who
have a history of abortion not only have a
greater incidence of breast cancer, but the
cancer grows more rapidly, is harder to treat,
(2) is more invasive and is more aggressive.m
The cancer recurs, on an average, in a shorter
period of time and death occurs more
Annually, 800,000 women get abortions
who never had a full-term pregnancy, thereby
increasing their lifetime risk of breastican-
cer by at least 50.
1. Howe HL,Senic RT, Bzduch H. Herzfeld P, NY
Dpt. of Health (1989) Int JEpidemiol. 18:300-4
2. Olsson H, Ranstam J, Baldetorp B, Ewers S-B, Ferno
M, Killander D,(1991), proliferation and DNA Plod
in Malignant Breast Turners in Relation Efiriv Oral
r.ontaccptiv Use and Early Abortions. Cancer.
67:1285-1290 3. OlssonH.BorgA, Ferno M. Ranstam
J, Sigurdsson H(199l) Her-2neu and INT2 ProtO-
oncogene Amplification in Malignant Breast Tumors
in Relation to Rrpmriuctive Factors and Exposure (c
Exogenous Hormones. J Nat Cancer Inst. 83; 1483-1487
4. OwnbyHE, MartinoS, Roi LD Howard L, Russo J.
Brooks S. Brennan MJ, riQK Interrupted Pregnancy
as an indicator of Poor Prognosis in Tl .2. No, Mo Pri-
mary Breast Cancer. Br. Cancer Res Treat, 3:339-344.
iiwiiimm i w
gi I MyM 'Sill
�. . .
Human Ue Alliance of Minnesota Education Fund Inc.�Advertising Supplement (1997)
PtK�tWfcy. PtwUiP Prker
Art lm-u�r. Sieve Ctart
Every Twenty Seconds
A life Is Taken Bv Abortioa.
Triatfs A Lot Of Love Lost
Ifve been there too!
Tun, I think I'm pregnant" It was New
Year's Eve, 1973. My boyfriend sighed
deeply, his gaze remaining fixed on the TV.
He then muttered something that made me
feel already deserted. I felt a sour lump in the
back of my throat Yes, I was pregnant and
I was scared!
I knew from first hand experience how
tough it is raising a child as a single mother.
I already had a 2-year old daughter, Jennifer,
from an earlier unsuccessful marriage. We
lived in the inner city and could
barely make ends meet When my
pregnancy was confirmed, Tim's
non-committal response to my dis-
tress and his move to Chicago, 400
miles away, left me despondent
and leaning more and more toward
abortion as the "easy way out" I
was already struggling financially
with one child. How could I raise
I drove to Chicago to try to convince Tim
to marry me. He was deaf to my pleas and
unmoved by my tears. Believing I had no
viable alternative, I convinced him to give
me money for an abortion.
As I sat in the abortion clinic waiting my
turn, everything around me seemed like a
nightmare. Women lounged on garishly
printed couches as rock musk played on the
intercom. Everything seemed so casual, and
there I was, feeling like I wanted to die.
When the nurse calkd my name, I changed
my mind, broke into tears, and left
I felt desperately alone. Back at the uni-
versity, I often cried myself to sleep.
I decided to confide in a couple of college
professors. They collected money to fly me
back to Chicago to have an abortion. Now I
was determined, even obligated, to go through
with it Sail, I agonized!
Ironically, mat semester, I was taking a
class in fetal development I knew there was
a baby in my womb with her heart beating
and her own circulatory system.
Thosepictures flashed in my mind
as I sat mere, clad in a paper gown
and paper slippers.
I was summoned to the
room where the abortions are
performed. I could hear a woman
sobbing hysterically in the re-
covery room. It reminded me of
someone who had witnessed the
AngeU Woodhull Ph.D. . . , , - .
deam of a loved one in a fatal
accident It haunts me still.
As the doctor was examining me, prior to
performing the abortion, he suddenly stopped
and said to the nurse Get her out of here!
She's too far along Relief instantly washed
over me! How odd! I had thought I wanted an
abortion but now felt instantly relieved to
know I was still pregnant
I decided to use every ounce of courage I
could muster to deal with my pregnancy. My
ambivalence turned into love for my unborn
child. When my beautiful daughter was born.
I named her Melanie.
It took energy and creativity to support
the three of us. My two daughters inspired
me to do great things. They never stood in the
way of my career. They have only enhanced
it I finished my degree; then I went on to get
my Master's and Ph.D. Besides being a proud
mother, I am happily married, a published
author, a motivational speaker for one of the
largest seminar companies in the U.S. and a
I have learned that life is really about
developing character. When we endure some-
thing tough, our character and self- esteem
are strengthened. Many women who have
confessed to me that they've had abortions
have discovered that the "easy way out" is
just an illusion. Some of them are in abusive
relationships. Some are on anti-depressants.
Others just seem detached from life. Some
sadly remember their aborted child's "would
be" birthday each year.
If you are in a crisis pregnancy, I cannot
promise that it will be easy. I can only prom-
ise that the anguish will pass and there are
people who will help you through this trying
time. (pg. 5) As someone who has "been
there" I understand the anguish you are expe-
riencing. One day you will look back on the
birth of your child, and say, as I do, "I did the
right thing. And I feel proud
Dr. Angela Woodhull
Save the Marital Act
Sex is not something you do, rather it is
actually a sharing of persons-a commit-
ment Chastity is tret virtue that inte-
grates sexuality into the human person-
ality. Chastity waits for marriage. Chas-
tity is healthy, practical and possible.
Avoid the pitfalls of promiscuity
� Sexually-Transmitted Diseases
� AIDS (condom failure rate is 10-30)
� Guilt, doubt and worry
� Deceptive relationships
� loss of self-esteem
� Unwed pregnancy
� Abortion trauma
� Exploitation and emotional disorders
that comes from abstinence
� live free of all above complications
� Develop a meaningful relationsship
free from sexual obligations
� Develop rewarding skills and abilities
�Decide what you want for your future
� Become the best person possible!
piiiiii .i"i . iJ IIJ �
.Hu�inJ.ifeAjnar�e Fund Inc.�Advertising Supplement (1997)
It was the beginning of my junior year in
high school. I was excited, looking forward
to another year of diving, gymnastics and
track. But this excitement quickly came to
an end when I realized I was pregnant.
When the pregnancy was confirmed, my
mind went racing. It wasn't enough to just
say that I was scared -1 was terrified! The
idea of having an abortion was never �
consideration for me. I could not live with
the realization that I was responsible for
taking the life of my child - a death be-
cause of my actions.
My first instincts told me that I needed to
raise my child on my own. I knew I could
love and care for a child, but when I stopped
thinking about myself, and thought about
what was best for my child, I knew adoption
was the right decision. I was sixteen at the
time. I wanted to go back to school for my
senior year and wanted to participate fully, in
sports etc. I wanted to go on to college.
I knew I could not do all of this and raise
a child at the same time. I did not want to
have to live with my parents indefinitely and
depend on them for everything. I did not
want them to be thrust into the role of prime
care-givers for my child. It just would not be
fair for any of us, for them, myself or the
baby. I knew that placing my child for adop-
tion would be the right thing to do, the loving
The adoption procedure! opted for is not
your ordinary plan. I chose to do an inde-
pendent open adoption. Through this proc-
ess I was able to select from among the
prospective adoptive parents. I had the op-
portunity to establish a personal relationship
with them as well as to develop a lasting
friendship. The more I got to know them the
more excited I was about placing my baby
with this couple. They had so much love and
security to offer my child. They were there
with me in the hospital when my son was
born. Their video camcorder ran non-stop.
I will always treasure the three days I spent
in the hospital with my son. Handing him
over to his new parents was by no means
easy, but I knew in my heart that this was the
right decision for both of us.
Many tears were shed throughout the nine
months and during the hospital stay. But,
they were not all tears of sadness. I miss my
son very much. I think about him every day
and a smile comes to my face. I thank the
Lord that He led me to two such special
people to be adoptive parents for my child.
It has been several years since my son was
born. He now has an adoptive sister. I keep
in contact with the family through letters and
pictures. I can't begin to explain the feelings
of pride and contentment that I experience
when I see the smile on his face.
I am now a junior in college majoring in
paralegal studies. Relinquishing my son was
the hardest decsion I will ever have to make
but I'm more confident than ever that it was
the right one. While in the hospital I received
a card which read, "Some people come into
our lives, leave footprints on our hearts, and
we are never the same This is so true!
Testimony by Lisa O. of Minnesota.
(Printed with permission )
Every year over two million requests for
adoption go unsatisfied.
18 week-old baby developing in the womb.
If he is not alive,
why is he growing?
If he is not a human being,
what kind of being is he?
If he is not a child,
why is he sucking his thumb?
If he is a living,
why is it legal to kill him?
by David C. Reardon
Rape and incest are very
emotional topics. They often
elicit in the general populace
feelings of revulsion; people
draw back from the issue of rape
and incest, even from the vic-
tims of rape and incest. People
don't know how to handle a per-
son who is in that much pain.
There is no quick fix
Some people who are other-
wise very pro-life will condone
abortion in rape and incest cases
because they don't know what
else to offer. And they will ac-
cept it as a rare case. This pro-
life difficulty in defending the
unborn even in rape and incest
cases is largely due to ignorance
because the facts, as I have
found them, show that the
victim's needs are not being
served by abortion. In fact, rape
and incest victims actually suf-
fer considerably from the abor-
The facts suggest that only a
minority of rape and incest vic-
tims actually choose abor-
tion1�so right there, one should
pause and reflect Abortion is
not usually chosen as the imme-
diate solution by rape and incest
victims but that is the prevail-
ing belief of the general popu-
lation. A woman has been raped
and made pregnant: "Oh, she's
got to have an abortion No
one has studied the rape and in-
cest victims' needs; abortion is
presumed to fill their needs.
Kathleen DeZeeuw states,
"Having lived though rape, and
also having raised a child 'con-
ceived in rape I feel personally
insulted and assaulted every
time I hear that abortion should
be legal because of rape and in-
cest 1 feel that we're being used
by pro-abortionists to further the
abortion issue, even though
we've not been asked to tell our
The children conceived
through sexual assault also have
a voice which deserves to be
heard. Julie Makimaa, con-
ceived by an act of rape, works
diligently against abortion. She
believes every life has a value
beyond measure, a purpose
which only time can reveal. Not
ashamed of her origin, Julie
proudly proclaims: "It doesn't
matter how I began. What mat-
ters is who I will become
to the Pain of Rape
Various Studies and my own
research indicate that rape and
incest victims fall into the high
risk category of aborters, and
the existence of rape or incest
is actually a contraindication for
abortion. Jackie Bakker, whose
testimony is in my book,2 says,
"I soon discovered that the af-
termath of my abortion contin-
ued a long time after the
memory of my rape had faded.
I felt empty and horrible. No-
body told me about the empti-
ness and pain I would feel deep
within, causing nightmares and
deep depressions. They had all
told me that after the abortion I
could continue with my life as
if nothing had happened This
is the same story we hear from
a lot of aborted women. But for
the rape and incest victim it is
an especially keen story, be-
cause they have been told, "In
your situation that is the only
thing you can do And they
have been betrayed by that ad-
I felt empty and
horribleThey had all
told me that after the
abotion I could con-
tinue with my life as if
Victims Gave Reasons
to Forego Abortion
Perhaps the best study was
done by Dr. Sandra Mahkom,
published in Psychological As-
pects of Abortion6 Dr. Mahkom
was an experienced rape coun-
selor who, in 1979, identified 37
pregnant rape victims who were
treated by a social welfare
agency. Of these 37, only five
chose to have an abortion. Of
the 28 who gave birth, 17 chose
adoption and 3 kept the child
themselves; for the remaining
eight research was unable to de-
termine where the child was
"I was being sexually
by him and betrayed
by mom's silencethe
abortion which was to
be in 'my best interest'
has not beenit only
'saved their reputa-
tions, ' solved their
problems and allowed
their lives to go
was immoral or murder. One
said she would only suffer more
mental anguish from taking the
life of a baby. Second, some
saw an intrinsic meaning or pur-
pose to the child. Somehow this
child was foisted into their lives,
but, on the other hand, they
sensed some sort of hidden pur-
pose behind it. And although
not responsible for having
brought the child into being, it
had happened, and the conse-
quences could be lived with.
Third, at a subconscious level,
the rape victim feels that if she
can get through the pregnancy
she will have conquered the
rape. Outlasting pregnancy
shows she is better than the rap-
ist who brutalized her. Giving
birth, then, is the way rape vic-
tims seek to reclaim their self-
esteem. It is a totally selfless
act, a generous act, especially in
light of the pressure to abort. It
is a way for them to display their
courage and strength to survive
even a rape.
In her study, Mahkom found
that feelings or issues relating
to the rape experience were the
primary concern for most of the
pregnant rape victims�not
pregnancy. While 19�a sig-
nificant number�placed pri-
mary emphasis on their need to
confront their feelings about the
pregnancy, including feelings of
resentment and hostility to-
wards the unborn child, the pri-
mary difficulty they experi-
enced with the rape pregnancy
was pressure from other people
who saw the pregnancy as a blot
to be eliminated. Family and
friends just weren't supportive
of the woman's choice to bear
Dr. Mahkom also found that
in the group who carried their
pregnancies to term, none, at the
end of pregnancy, wished she
had decided on an abortion.
Abortion therefore inhibits the
healing to the rape victim and
reinforces negative attitudes.
Several reasons were given
for not aborting. First, several
women felt that abortion was
another act of violence�that it
Another example from my
book is Vanessa Landry, another
rape victim who said, "I didn't
really want to have the abortion.
I have always been against abor-
tion all my life. People think
that whenever anyone is raped,
they have to have an abortion.
My social worker just kept tell-
ing me all kinds of things to
encourage me to have the abor-
tion. Thy didn't give me any
other option except to abort.
They said I was just another
minority bringing a child into
the world and there were too
many already Here is a
(Continued on page 10)
Human Life Alliance of Minnesota Education Fund Inc � Advertising Supplement (1997)
Abortion Techniques Described
FromacompiiationofworksbyW.CollitonMD.Dr.J.Willke, Dr.B.Nathanson and Planned Parenthood.
The abortionist inserts a hollow plastic tube into the dilated uterus. "This tube is attached to
a suction machine. The suction machine is turned on. The uterus is emptied by suction (2)
The suction tears the baby's body as heshe is being pulled through the hose.
DlLITATION AND CURETTAGE (D&C)
After dialation of the cervix, a ring forceps is inserted into the womb and the baby is
extracted in pieces. Then the abortionist inserts a curette, "a rod shaped instrument with a
sharp edged spoon on the end"(o, into the uterus to scrape the after-birth (placenta) from the
wall of the womb and confirm that the womb is empty. Bleeding is usually profuse.
DlLITATION AND EVACUATION (D&E)
Used after 12 weeks. The baby is too large to fit through the cervix. The baby "must be
oved with instruments and suction curettage2) A pliers-like instrument is needed
because the baby's bones are calcified, as is the skull. The abortionist inserts the instrument
into the uterus, seizes a leg or other part of the body and, with a twisting motion, tears it from
the baby's body. The spine must be snapped and the skull crushed in order to remove them
from the womb. Body parts are then reassembled and counted to make certain that the entire
baby has been removed from the womb.
' Saline Injection ("Salting Out" �)
This is used after 16 weeks. A long needle is inserted through the mother's abdomen into
the baby's amniotic sac. Some fluid is removed and a strong salt solution is injected. The
solution is swallowed and "breathed" and slowly poisons the baby. Heshe kicks and jerks
violently as heshe is literally being burned alive. "The uterus begins to contract, as in labor.
The contractions continue until it pushes out the fetal and placenta! material(o
Used mainly in the last three months of pregnancy, the womb is entered by surgery, as
in a caesarean section. An incision is made through the abdomen. "The fetus and placenta
are removed, and the incision is closed with stitches�) The tiny baby is allowed to die by
neglect or direct act.
Prostaglandin Chemical Abortion
This form of abortion uses chemicals, developed by the Upjohn Pharmaceutical Co
which cause the uterus to contract intensely, pushing out the developing baby. In one article,
one of the complications listed with this method was "live birth In fact, the two most
"dreaded" complications for an abortionist are a dead mother or a live baby.
1. Planned Parenthood of New Yotk City, Inc. Abortion. A Woman's Guide Pocketbook Press 1973
2. Planned Parenthood Federation of America, Inc Abortion: Questions and Answers August 1991
DlLITATION AND EXTRACTION (D AND X - PARTIAL-BlRTH ABORTION)
At a Septemberl3-14, 1992 meeting of the National Abortion Federation, a trade
association of abortion providers, an Ohio abortionist, Dr. Martin Haskell, described the
D&X technique he has perfected. With the D & X method the preborn baby is alive until
the end of the procedure when the child is killed by suctioning the brain tissue through a hole
at the base of the skull while the baby's head is still inside the birth canal. Then the intact
aborted child, minus brain content, is removed. The late Dr. James McMahon, a former
abortion colleague of Dr. Haskell's. admitted that he used this D&X technique to abort
preborn children up to 32 weeks "or more
After three days of preparations, the abortionist places an ultrasound transducer on the
mother's abdomen and locates the child's legs and feet. The abortionist then uses a large
eps to grasp one of the baby's legs. He pulls firmly, forcing the child into a feet-down
h) position. He continues pulling until the baby's leg is drawn into the birth canal.
Next, using his hands instead of forceps, the abortionist delivers the baby's body in a
manner similar to a breech birth. First, the child's other leg is delivered, followed by the
torso, shoulders, and arms. The baby's head "usually" remains inside the uterus.
The abortionist then performs the last step which Dr. Haskell calls "fetal skull decom-
pression Using blunt-tipped surgical scissors in a closed position, he pierces the child's
head at the base of the skull. He then forces the scissors open to enlarge the skull opening.
The abortionist then inserts a suction catheter into the brain and vacuums out the child' s brain
tissue (in Dr. Haskell's words, "evacuates the skull contents") causing the baby's death. The
skull collapses and the dead baby is removed.
Barbara Radford, Executive Director of the National Abortion Federation said of this
abortion technique, in a 61893 letter to NAF members, "Don't apologize: this is a legal
(The preceding information has been taken from the American Medical News, July 5, 1993 edition).
Answers to Abortion I.Q. Quiz 1) D; 2) D; 3) C; 4) B (U.S. Dept. of Health and Human
Services, Center for Disease Control, Abortion Surveillance Report, July 1991); 5) C (St. Paul Pioneer
Press, C. Thomas 4293); 6) D (Quote, 1192, from William S. Barr, Attorney General since 1991);
7)B(BritishJ.ofCanccrl981;43:72-76); 8) D (Quote from Dr. Bernard Nathenson, 1987); 9)B(AUan
Guttmachen Facts in Brief:Abortion in the U.S. June 1, 1991); 10) C (Allan Guttmacher Institute,
1988, 11) B; 12) A (Color Atlas of Life Before Birth, Marjorie England, Yearbook Publications);
13) C (I in 5); 14) D (13 & 14 from Allan Guttmacher Inst. 33193 )
What the nurse saw
In September, 1993, Brenda Pratt Schafer, a registered nurse with thirteen years of
experience, was assigned by her nursing agency to an abortion clinic. She considered herself
"very pro-choice and didn't think her assignment to an abortion clinic would be a problem.
She was wrong. The following is what Nurse Shafer witnessed:
"I stood at the doctor's side and watched him perform a partial-birth abortion on
a woman who was six months pregnant. The baby's heartbeat was clearly visible on the
ultrasound screen. The doctor delivered the baby's body and arms, everything but bis
little head. The baby's body was moving. His little fingers were clasping together. He
was kicking his little feet The doctor took a pair of scissors and inserted them into the
back of the baby's head, and the baby's arms jerked out in a flinch, a startle reaction,
like a baby does when he thinks that he might fall. Then the doctor opened the scissors
up. Then he stuck the high powered suction tube into the hole and sucked the baby's
brains out Now the baby was completely limp.
I never went back to the clink. But I am still haunted by the face of that little boy.
It was the most perfect, angelic face I have ever seen
The Abortifacient Nature of Contraceptives
The birth control pill causes 150 different chemical changes in the woman's body. This fact
is documented in the Textbook of Contraception by Malcom Potts, Director of Planned
Parenthood of England (Cambridge Press 1983, p. 144). The "pill" works in three ways:
1) Temporary Sterilization - preventing o vulation; however, it is estimated that the low
dosage pills now in use, fail to suppress ovulation 50 of the time!
2) Contraception - The "pill" thickens the cervical mucus slowing the transportation
of the sperm to the ovum.
3) Abortion - altering the lining of the womb, making it hostile to a newly conceived
child and preventing implantation in the womb.
The Intrauterine Device is sold as a contraceptive, but, in reality, the I.U.D. does not prevent
conception. Neither does it prevent ovulation. The I.U.Ds mode of action is to create a
hostile and inflammatory environment in the womb so that a newly conceived child cannot
implant and grow there. The fertilized ovum is thus expelled from the womb.
Other "contraceptives" that can act as abortifacients: Depo-Provera, Norplant, Cytotec etc.
Human Life Alliance of MN Education Fund (612) 484-1040
Human Life Alliance of Minnesota, is a non-profit, non-denominational organization
committed to the intrinsic value of human life. HLA is dedicated to advancing true justice
by protection of ALL Human Life, whatever the age, race, sex, physical condition, economic
status or place of residence (including the womb). HLA provides incentives to action through
education, political awareness and promotion of alternatives to violence in order to create a
society in which all Human Life is held sacred.
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Human Life Alliance of Minnesota Education Fund Inc.�Advertising Supplement (1997)
Rape and Incest
(confined from page 8)
woman who is being victimized
not only because she is a rape
victim, but also because she is
black and a minority and she has
a low income. That is one of
the stories that upsets me the
Childbirth can be a victory.
For the majority of pregnant
rape victims who wisely choose
to forego abortion, childbirth is
the choice of triumph over rape.
It is a choice that says, "Rape
will not dictate my life It al-
lows them to show their own
courage and generosity. When
the need of pregnant rape vic-
tims is carefully examined, it
can be shown that the abortion
is not necessary, and indeed is
very likely to hinder recovery
by increasing feelings of guilt,
shame and low self-esteem.
Like Incest, Abortion
Incest victims face similar
problems. Incest is a very com-
plex issue and it is hard to say
much in a very short period of
time, but the vast majority of
incest victims want to carry
their pregnancy to term. These
are young girls for whom preg-
nancy is a way to break out of
an incestuous relationship with
their father, whom they may
love despite their confusion and
resentment about the way they
have been used as sexual ob-
jects. Since they still love the
father, having the child can, not
only help expose the incestuous
relationship, but also give hope
of beginning a truly loving
In studies of incest victims,
the vast majority choose to carry
the pregnancy to term. 8 Those
in the minority who have an
abortion do so only under pres-
sure from their parents to con-
ceal the incestuous relationship.
Because incest is a family pa-
thology that involves father,
mother and daughter, all are in-
volved in a conspiracy of si-
I interviewed Edith Young,
now 38 years old, who was a
rape and incest victim at 12
years of age. To cover up the
incident, her parents procured
an abortion for her without tell-
ing her what was to happen.
The emotional and physical
scars of incest and abortion still
last to this day. She said, "I was
being sexually attacked, threat-
ened by him and betrayed by
Mom's silencethe abortion
which was to be in my best in-
terest' has not beenit only
'saved their reputations solved
their problems and allowed their
lives to go merrily on.10
Pro-life persons don't have
any reason to be ashamed to
defend a pro-life view in the
case of rape or incest. The ones
who need to be ashamed are the
pro-abortionists who have been
exploiting the problems of rape
and incest victims, confusing
the public and promoting abor-
tion for their own social engi-
To my knowledge, pro-abor-
tionists have never yet brought
together a group of rape and in-
cest victims who carried their
pregnancies to term who said,
"Oh, that was the worst thing I
ever did. Why didn't somebody
give me an abortion when I
We, on the other hand, can
produce women who took the
advice of the pro-abortionists,
had the abortion and now say,
"This abortion ruined my life.
What were you telling me?" We
need to join rape and incest vic-
tims in demanding that pro-
abortionists stop exploiting the
pain of innocent women's prob-
lems for their own political and
1. Pregnancy and Sexual As-
sault, Sandra Mahkorn, in The
Psychological Aspects of Abor-
tion, ed. Mall and Watts (1979),
2. Aborted Women: Silent No
More. David C. Reardon
(1987), pp. 206-210.
5. Outcome Following Thera-
peutic Abortion. Payne et al
Arch. Gen. Psychiatry 33:725-
733 (June 1976).
6. Supra, note 1.
7. Supra, note 2, pp. 276-278.
8. The Consequences of Incest:
Giving and Taking Life, M aloof,
in The Psychological Aspects of
Abortion, ed. Mall and Watts
(1979), pp. 73-110.
9. Father-Daughter Incest -
Treatment of the Family.
Kennedy, Laval Medical
10. Supra, note 2, pp. 212-218.
David C. Reardon is Director of
the Elliot Institute for Social
Sciences Research and author of
the book "Aborted Women: Si-
lent No More" (1987). For a
copy of Post-abortion Review
Newsletter, write to. P.O. Box
9079, Springfield, IL 62791.
The majority of this article ap-
peared in Association for Inter-
disciplinary Research Newslet-
ter, Vol 2, Fall 1988.
Planned Parenthood Ignores Own Advice
In 1963, a Planned Parenthood publication, Plan Your Children For Health and
Happiness stated: "An abortion kills the life of a baby after it has begun. It is
dangerous to your life and health Yet, Planned Parenthood now operates the
nation's largest number of abortion mills.
Carol Everett was involved in the abortion
industry in tfie DallasFt.Wortrt, Texas, area from
1977 untill 1983. As director of four clinics,
owner of two, Ms. Everett was responsible for
the clinics' daily operation. Everett, who had an
abortion soon after it became legal in 1973, now
speaks out on
"What I Saw in the
() What is the governing force behind
" the abortion industry?
A. Money. It is a very lucrative business. It
is the largest unregulated industry in our
nation. Most of the clinics are run in chains
because it is so profitable.
QHow much money were you making
in the abortion industry before you
A. I was getting a commission of $25.00 on
every abortion I "sold In 1983, the year I
got out, I would have pocketed approxi-
mately $250,000. But, in 1984 we expected
to be operating five clinics, terminating about
40,000 pregnancies, and with that projection
I planned to net1 million. Money, Money,
Money � that's where my heart was.
Q Why do you refer to "selling"
A. The product, abortion, is skillfully mar-
keted and sold to the woman at the crisis time
in her life. She buys the product, finds it
defective and wants to return it for a refund.
But, it's too late. Her baby is dead.
C In what way is the woman
A. In two ways � the clinic personnel and
the marketers must deny the personhood of
the child and the pain caused by the proce-
dure. Every woman has two questions, "Is it
a baby?" and "Does it hurt?" The abortionist
must answer "NO Heshe must lie to
secure the consent of the woman and the
collection of the clinic's fee. The women
were told that we were dealing with a "prod-
uct of conception" or a "glob of tissue
They were told that there would be only
slight cramping, whereas, in reality, an abor-
tion is excruciatingly painful.
f) What type of counseling was offered
" at the clinics?
A. In the clinics in which I was involved we
didn't do any real counseling. We answered
only the questions the woman asked and
tried not to "rock the boat We did not
discuss alternatives to abortion unless the
woman forced us to. We sold abortions.
C What method of abortion did your
A. For the most part, the abortion industry
stopped using saline and prostaglandin pro-
cedures because of the number of live births.
A live birth means you have to let the baby
die, or dispose of it in some distasteful way.
Most second and third trimester abortionists
use the D & E (dilation and evacuation)
method. The abortionist uses large forceps
to crush the baby inside the mother's uterus
and remove it in pieces. The side effects of
live births and the mother going through
labor are avoided. But it is a horrible proce-
dure in which the baby must be re-con-
structed outside the uterus to be certain all
the parts have been removed.
QHow did you dispose of an aborted
A. In our clinics, we put them down the
garbage disposal. We used the heavy duty
modei Some second and third trimester
babies' muscle structure is so strong that the
baby will not come apart, so they must be
disposed of through trash receptacles.
Q Abortion is supposed to be a "safe"
experience What complications did
A. We were doing a one-day traumatic
dilation, which has a higher rate of complica-
tion. In the last 18 months I was in the
business, we were completing over 500
abortions monthly and killing or maiming
one woman out of 500. Common complica-
tions that take place are perforations or tears
in the uterus. Many of those result in hyster-
ectomies. The doctor might cut or harm the
urinary tract, which then requires surgical
repair. A complication that is rarely publi-
cized is the one in which the doctor perfo-
rates the uterus and pulls the bowels through
the vagina, resulting in colostomy. Some of
those can be reversed, some must live with
the colostomy for the remainder of their
f How did you keep these complica-
" tions and deaths from the public?
A. The woman would be loaded into my car
(an ambulance outside an abortion clinic is
terrible advertising) and transported to a
hospital that would protect the doctor and the
abortion clinic's reputation. The concern is
not with the patient only in keeping an un-
blemished reputation. You have a built-in
cover-up with the patient's family. They are
dealing with their guilt and emotions over
the situation and do not want to deal with the
added pressure of exposing the truth through
r Why did you get out of the abortion
A. Two things came into play at about the
same time. I experienced a profoundly
religious transformation�a conversion. At
about the time I was having second thoughts
a Dallas television station did an expose
disclosing the abortions performed at my
clinic on non-pregnant women�all for
money! I finally realized, "We weren't help-
ing women�we were destroying them �
and their children By then my transforma-
tion was complete and I knew mat I not only
had to stop being involved with abortions but
I had to help promote the truth.
�MM - -��-
Human Life AHiance of Minnesota Education Fund Inc.�Advertising Supplement (1997)
CAN BE HOUSED IN TEXAS
Men & Abortion: Forgotten Fathers
According to the World Almanac and Book of Facts 1993 and the 1994 World Population
Data Sheet from The Population Reference Bureau, the entire population of 5.6 billion
people could be housed in the state of Texas.
Consider these facts: The
land area in Texas is some
262,000 square miles and
current estimates of the
world population are about
5.6 billion. By converting
square miles to square feet -
remember to multiply by
5,280 feet per mile twice -
and dividing by the world's
population, one readily finds
that there are more than
1,300 square feet per capita.
A family of 5 would thus oc-
cupy more than 6,500 square
feet of living space.
These numbers apply to
just one story ranch house-
type dwellings. With a hous-
ing mix of multi-story build-
ings, including town houses,
apartment buildings and
high rises, appreciably
greater living space could be
provided. Such an arrange-
ment would allow ample
land for yards and all the
necessary streets and roads.
Meanwhile, the rest of
the world would be available
for farming, manufacturing
and recreation. The World
Health Organization con-
tinually announces that there
is more than enough food for
the world's people. In an ex-
ecutive summary accompa-
nying the main report,
Donald Mitchel, a senior
economist at the World
Bank, stated: "Prices of ag-
ricultural commodities are at
their lowest level in history
and crop yields continue to
rise faster than population
The problem is distribu-
tional, not populational.
Throughout the history
of the U.S it has been the
experience of the American
people that population
growth produces plenty - not
poverty. Population growth
has continually proved to be
a sign of health and well be-
ing for the country and its
throughout the world birth
rates and total fertility rates
are plunging faster and fur-
ther than ever recorded in
human history. Despite the
predictions of over-popula-
tion theorists, the fact is that
population growth rates in
many countries are already
below replacement levels
and the world's growth rate
is rapidly approaching that
figure. According to an April
1994 report of the U.S. Cen-
sus Bureau, there are 59 na-
tions that have total fertility
rates that are below replace-
ment level. The following
are some statistics from the
report on world population,
World Population Profile:
� "The world's population
growth rate has declined to
about 1.5 percent at present
the lowest rate in some 50
years, (p.5) (Replacement
level is 2.2)
� "Fertility levels have
fallen so low in some coun-
tries, mainly in Europe, that
no return to 'replacement
level' fertility is expected in
the foreseeable future"
� "Fertility rates through-
out the world have been
dropping so rapidly that the
Census Bureau has just cut
its three-year-old estimate of
world population in the year
2000 by 120 million, and in
the year 2020 by more than
300 million" (p.A-1 in both
the '94 & '91 editions).
There is no denying that men are affected
by the abortion decision, and men, like
women, often experience post-abortion
trauma. This is a fact that is seldom
discussed or dealt with. The truth is that
many men suffer silently, deeply, and often
If the de-
cision to ac-
cept or ter-
on the ca-
price of the
mother, is it
fair to speak
ity? If the
child to live, we condemn the father if he
runs away from responsibility and financial
obligations. But if she chooses to abort, he
is expected to remain silent while his child's
life ends. This severs the natural, devotional
bond between man and woman and parent
Consider the following letter to the
editor printed 32996 in the University of
Minnesota Daily after the Supplement was
distributed on the U of M campus:
Rarely is the male's side of the story ex-
plored. Many of the same emotions felt by
the would-be mother are also felt by the
would-be father. 1 am speaking fiom first-
hand experience. My girlfriend became
pregnant when we were 18-years old. This
from me un-
til after the
cause of be-
tioned in the insert (She's a Child, Not a
"Choice"). For many months, and even
years, after this experience I sometimes try
to imagine what our child would look like.
What would be hisher name? Would I be a
good father? These and many others are the
questions that still go through my mind
I am not suggesting that my pain, or any
pain felt by males, can equal that of the fe-
male, but it should be addressed After all,
abortion is an issue that touches us alL "
College of Liberal Arts senior, UM
Abortion: The Inside Story
Further shocking testimony on practices within the abortion industry is revealed in the
video " Abortion, the Inside Story The video features former abortion providers - women
who had worked in abortion mills as administrators, directors, assistants, nurses, even one
who had anesthetized patients and performed abortions though she had no medical train-
ing. It is an expose of the lies, cover-up, greed and criminal negligence within the abortion
industry, and also gives insight into the effect and power of side-walk counselors.
In the Video, Hellen, a former administrator of an Atlanta abortion clinic confessed, "In
the abortion clinic there are women exploiting women and I was one of them. There are a
lot of things that go on in a clinic that you would not tolerate if they happened in other
branches of medicine (Comment: An understatement, for sure, like non-physicians per-
forming abortions. Also, why is informed written consent as to the risks involved required
for all other surgical procedures, but not for abortion?) Hellen stated, "You may hear abor-
tionists say "We're standing up for women's rightsfor the right for you to choose abor-
tion. That sounds so wonderful. The American public has bought into that pack of lies.
Behind closed doors we used to joke about the term 'pro-choice
Hellen also talked about the complications and cover-ups. She said, "Incomplete abor-
tions happen very, very frequendy. I kept a file in my office. It was under lock and key;
absolutely no one had access to it but me. Those were our problem patients, purged from
the normal filing system You need to understand when you stop and look at CDC (Center
for Disease Control) statistics or other statistics on just how safe abortions are, who reports
those statistics (Comment: So much for "safe and legal" abortions.)
HLA recommends you get your own copy of this powerful testimony. The video is available from
Pro-LifeAction League, 6160 Cicero Ave.600, Chicago, ILT60646, for $19.95 plus $2.00 for ship-
ping and handling.(312)777-2900
Back Alley Abortions?
Since illegal abortions are not reported, the most accurate statistics are the reports on
the number of maternal deaths from illegal abortions. In 1972, the year prior to Roe vs.
Wade, 39 women died from illegal abortions. That same year, 25 women died from legal
abortion (abortion-on-demand was legal in 2 states). There is ample evidence that there is
underreporting of deaths from legal abortions. Often, another cause of death is listed. For
instance a 1991 abortion death in Maryland was reported as "Cause of death - therapeutic
Either there were not many illegal abortions or illegal abortions are extremely safe!
The above info, is taken from the brochure, Never AgainNever Was! Hayes Pub. Co 6304 Hamilton
Ave, Cincinnati, OH 45224
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Human Life Alliance of Minnesota Education Fund Inc.�Advertising Supplement (1997)
How Developed Is Your Baby? Don't Make My Mistakes
This remarkable photo-
graph of a tiny preborn baby
in his unruptured amniotic
sac was taken after surgery
(for a tubal pregnancy)
at the University of Minne-
sota by medical photogra-
pher, Robert Wolfe, in
1972. This picture demon-
strates the remarkable early
development of a preborn
baby at only six weeks
Consider This Testimony
"Eleven years ago while giving an an-
esthetic for a ruptured ectopic pregnancy
(at 8 weeks gestation). I was handed what
I believe was the smallest living human
ever seen. The embryonic sac was intact
and transparent. Within the sac was a tiny
human male swimming extremely vigor-
ously in the amniotic fluid, while attached
to the wall by the umbilical cord. This tiny
human was perfectly developed, with long,
tapering fingers, feel and toes. It was
almost transparent, as regards the skin, and
the delicate arteries and veins were promi-
nent to the ends of the fingers.
"The baby was extremely alive and
swam about the sac approximately one
time per second, with a natural swimmer's
stroke. This tiny human did not look at all
like the photos and drawings and models of
'embryos' which I had seen, nor did it look
like a few embryos I have been able to
observe since then, obviously because this
one was alive!
"When the sac was opened, the tiny
human immediately lost his life and took on
the appearance of what is accepted as the
appearance of an embryo at this stage of life
(with blunt extremities etc.)
Statement by Paul E. Rockwell, M.D
anesthesiologist, as quoted by Dr. and Mrs.
J.C.Willkein Handbook on Abortion.
of a Baby
at Ten Weeks
Dr. Russell Sacco of Oregon
took this picture of the per-
fectly formed feet of a 10-
week-old aborted baby wait-
ing for disposal in a
pathologist's laboratory. The
feet in the picture are held
between the doctor's thumb
Some people say
is "an informed decision
between a woman
and her physician
You hear that a lot.
But the fact is
that most women
never meet the abortionist
until they are on the table,
as happened in my case.
I was 18 years old when I got pregnant. I wasn 't serious about my boyfriend.
It was a casual relationship. Since I had already enlisted in the Air Force, I
thought I had to have an abortion in order to make something out of my life.
My best friend drove me to the abortion clinic. I was therefor about four hours.
It was like an assembly line. When the ultrasound was being done I asked to see
it. But this wasn't allowed (so much for "an informed decision "). Then I asked
how far along I was. I was told I was nine-and-a-half weeks pregnant. That hit
me hard. I knew then that my baby was further developed than Ihad thought. I
starteddoubting.andwantedtotalkto my friend. But, I wasn'tallowed to do that
When it was my turn the nurse told me that I was going to feel some discomfort,
like strong menstrual cramps. The truth is that the abortion was more pain than
I've ever felt in my life. ItfeU like my insides were literally being sucked out of
my body. Afterwards I went into shock!
After the abortion, I tried to make up for the abortion by trying to get pregnant
again. I wanted my baby back I never got pregnant again. I don't know if I can
ever have another baby. I named my baby. I found out later that this is part of
the grieving process.
Two-and-one-halfyears late. I ended up in the hospital with bulimia. I felt that
no one had punished meforwhat I had done so I was punishing myself. 1 became
obsessed with women who were pregnant, with women who would talk about their
pregnancy. My life was in shambles! Iwas sufferingfrom post-abortion trauma.
When I was 21 years old God brought me help through a woman who was
involved in pro-life activism. She helped me a lot. 1 went through a post-abortion
counseling program called "Conquerors God not only forgave me. He
challenged me to help others. I answered the challenge!
I started sidewalk counseling. There is a healing process that comes from
getting involved in the pro-life movement. 1 talk to youth groups and students
about abstinence and I share my testimony. To them, and to you, I plead,
"Please don't make the same mistakes I did
See pages 5 & 8 for alternatives to abortion!
Human Life Alliance of Minnesota, Inc.
3570 North Lexington Avenue; Suite 205
Saint Paul, Minnesota 55126
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