The East Carolinian, June 6, 1984

Serving the East Carolina campus community since 1925
Vol.58 Nojtf 6f
Greenville, N.C.
8 Pages
Circulation 5,000
Edmisten Defeats
Knox By Narrow
Margin In Race
(UPl) � Attorney General
Rufus Edmisten won the
Democratic gubernatorial
nomination Tuesday with a nar-
row 23,000 vote win over former
Charlotte Mayor H. Edward
With 1,991 of the state's 2,352
precincts reporting, Edmisten had
299,675 votes, or 52 percent of the
total, to Knox's 275,946 votes, en-
ding a bitter runoff campaign that
threatened to divide the
Democratic party.
Edmisten, the frontrunner in
the May 8 primary, will meet Con-
gressman James Martin, the
Republican nominee, in
Many Democrats consider Mar-
tin the strongest Republican can-
didate ever to run for governor
and concede a strong turnout for
President Reagan and Sen. Jesse
Helms, R-N.C, could carry him
into office this fall.
Edmisten led a field of 10 can-
didates in the first primary with 31
percent of the vote. He fell short
of the 50 percent needed to win
the Democratic nomination and
Knox, who finished with 26 per-
cent, called for the runoff.
A Gallup poll conducted in
mid-May showed Edmisten with
slim 4 percent lead over Kno
among Democrats considere
most likely to vote in the runofl
The poll's 7 percent margin of ei
ror made the lead meaningless.
Many political observers fel
the political organization Ed
misten built during 10 years as at
torney general gave him an edge ii
the runoff because of reduce
voter turnout.
During the runoff, Edmistei
steered away from face-to-fao
meetings with Knox and agreec
only to one televised debate. Th
campaign was waged primaril)
through television and radic
He also went on the attack im-
mediately after the first primary,
accusing Knox of being tied to
utility companies and other
special interests and seeking to
dismantle the consumer-advocate
Public Staff of the state Utilities
The attacks forced Knox to
spend the first two weeks of the
runoff campaign on the defensive
before he counterattacked with
ads attacking Edmisten for failing
to pay state income taxes while
working in Washington.
Fun In The Sun
condin.Jm �jL en!ertail,m,ent and, often � �� � " necessary. Creative students combine both,
conditioning make alternative forms of entertainment and cooling off
ECU N�wt Bureau
Civil War relics and other
historical material buried for
more than a century in waters of
the Chattahoochee River in
Georgia may soon be located, in-
vestigated and identified by
underwater researchers.
A six-weeks field school by the
East Carolina University program
in Maritime History and Under-
water Archaelogy, co-sponsored
by the Confederate Naval
Museum, Columbus, Ga will
center on investigating cultural
material preserved beneath the
waters of the Chattahoochee.
The ECU program is directed
by researchers who located and in-
vestigated the long lost wreck of
the famous Civil War ironclad
USS Monitor and recovered the
1,500 pound anchor of the
Monitor off Cape Hatteras, N.C,
last summer.
On the Chattahoochee, the
ECU divers and underwater
researchers hope to locate remains
of the Confederate gunboat Chat-
tahoochee and a Confederate
Navy yard. For four weeks, begin-
ning June 16, students and staff
of the underwater research pro-
gram will be in the Columbus,
Ga area for the river surveys and
Two weeks of preliminary
studies begin on the ECU campus
next week.
'This unique program will pro-
vide a limited number of students
with a basic introduction in
American maritime history and
the scientific methods and techni-
ques employed in the recovery of
data preserved at submerged
historic cultural sites said Dr.
William N. Still, ECU professor
of history and co-director of the
"Each student in the program
will participate in a series of lec-
tures, workshops and seminars
designed to provide a sound con-
cept of maritime history,
historical research and under-
water research methods and
techniques Still said.
Still said the classroom work
will also provide information con-
Thefts Increase
cerning trade patterns, transpor-
tation, shipbuilding, industry and
agriculture of the period which
will be helpful in interpreting
materials located during the Chat-
tahoochee project.
In addition to the USS Monitor
project, Still and co-director Gor-
don P. Watts, underwater ar-
chaeologist, have conducted field
schools in a number of coastal
harbors in the Carolinas and Ber-
muda and along inland rivers such
as the Northeast Cape Fear in
southeastern North Carolina.
The Chattahoochee River, fam-
ed in literature by poet Sidney
Lanier, rises in north Georgia and
flows southward through the
Atlanta area and west Georgia.
For much of its lower length, it
forms the border between Georgia
and Alabama before flowing
across Florida to the Gulf of Mex-
On the Chattahoochee, Still
and Watts said survey activities
will utilize state-of-the-art remote
sensing electronic equipment to
locate inundated structures.
Hubcaps, Book Sacks Stolen
When conversation with humans leaves something to be desired, conversation with a squirrel can be just
the solution.
Staff Writer
Larceny and DWI's were
among the crimes reported to
ECU's Department of Public
Safety during the past week.
Reports of a domestic dispute and
a harassing phone call were also
Theft incidents were on the rise
this week. One hubcap and two
book sacks were three of the items
on the stolen list for the week.
Reported crimes for May 29 �
June 4 included:
May 29, 7:50 a.m. � Johnny
Turner, grounds department,
reported person(s) unknown
damaging the hedges on the south
side of Umstead Residence Hall.
2:18p.m. � Kimberly L. Tripp of
D-4 Doctors Park Apartments
reported the larceny of a book
sack from the biology building.
May 30, 2:40 a.m. �
Patrolman Davis reported so-
meone broke the glass case
holding th fire extinguisher on the
first floor, west wing of Garrett
dorm. 7:07 a.m. � Jim Gaiser,
physics department, reported a
water leak in the third floor
stairwel of the physics building.
9:57 a.m. � Connie Burgess
reported the Jarvis dorm house
phone stolen. 12:17p.m. � Greg
D. Nelson, 207 Garrett Residence
Hall, reported his book sack
stolen from the infirmary.
May 31, 12:25 p.m. � Clarence
Earl Jenkins, 602-G W. 14th St
reported his bicycle stolen from
north of Mendenhall Student
June 1, 4:45 p.m. � Connie
Burgess, Jarvis Residence Hall
director, reported an end table
from the lobby stolen. 7:50 p.m.
� Braxton Elder McKoy, 133
Garrett dorm, reported a bicycle
chain stolen while his bicycle was
locked in the bikerack south of
Garrett. 6 p.m. � Officer
Whitaker reported the lock on the
barricade east of the maintenance
building was missing. 7 p.m. �
Jeffrey Charles Russell, 605 Park
Avenue, Ayden, reported a hub-
cap from his 1977 Datsun stolen.
June 2, 9:45 p.m. � Curt V.
Brown, Cherry Point, was ar-
rested for DWI on White Drive by
Sgt. Lawler.
June 3, 3:10 a.m. � Willie
Mack, 242 Garrett dorm, reported
a domestic dispute between
himself and Mrs. Elizabeth Bar-
rett, an ex-girlfriend. 11:10 p.m.
� Officer Gierisch reported the
door to 217 of the A.J. Fletcher
Music Building was unlocked and
there appeared to be a possible
theft of stereo equipment.
June 4, 2:30 a.m. � Kyle Lee
Bullock, 601 S. Elm St was ar-
rested for DWI at the corner of
10th Street and Brownlea Drive by
Cpt. Watson. 12:25 a.m.
General Assembly Meets;
Money For Building,
NMR To Be Allotted
The fate of ECU's proposed
classroom building will be
decided when the North
Carolina General Assembly
meets for its off-year session
Between $530 million and
$580 million will be available to
increase spending in the second
year of the 1983-85 budget.
In odd-numbered years the
General Assembly adopts a
two-year budget, while in even-
numbered years, it convenes to
adjust the budget for the se-
cond of the two years.
The draft budget includes
$68 million for higher educa-
tion, including $41.5 million
for construction projects on
five UNC campuses.
The major amounts effecting
ECU will be funds allotted for
the new classroom building and
proposed faculty salary in-
creases. In addition, according
to ECU Chancellor John
Howell, money will be
designated to complete the
development of the ECU
medical school, which "has
been funded better than
average for the past nine years
to allow it to develop as a full-
fledged school he said.
Approximately $4.4 million
has been requested for the pur-
chase of nuclear magnetic
resonance instruments for the
ECU and UNC-CH Schools of
In addition, Howell said,
funds will be given to the UNC
system as a whole. These funds
will cover items such as enroll-
ment expansion, extra staff
positions, money for improve-
ment of existing programs and
barrier removal as part of the
ongoing affirmative action pro-
"We will share in some of
these Howell said.
SGA Loans May Be Suspended
Due To High Rate Of Defaulters
Tagging records, taking
students to court and possibly
eliminating the student loan fund
are some of the methods being us-
ed because of the high incidence
of students defaulting on student
government loan funds.
"I won't rule out the possibility
of suspending the funding said
SGA President John Rainey. "It
shocked me to see all the money
loaned out and not paid back, the
system has really been abused
The SGA Executive Cabinet
met last week to discuss ways to
alleviate the problem. "We need
to close some of the loopholes in
the ways students obtain the
loans Rainey said. He wants to
incorporate a requirement for the
student to demonstrate a need for
the money into the loan applica-
"The money is there to pay for
student necessities, not for going
downtown he said.
Currently, student defaulters
have their records tagged in order
to prevent them from registering.
In practice however, Rainey said,
this method does not work.
Students who owe the SGA
money and whose records have
been tagged are still in school.
"I wonder how they are getting
around it Rainey said.
In the meantime, University At-
torney David Stevens is sending
letters to people who defaulted on
medical loans. These students will
be informed that they have to
repay the loans within a certain
time period or they will be taken
to court. If convicted in court,
they will not only be required to
repay the loan but will also have
to pay court costs.
"The intent of the loan fund
has diminished; it is not being us-
ed for what it was originally
designed for Rainey said.
"I'd hope to make a dent in the
amount owed by next fall, so we
can re-establish the loan fund
11 �"
� �"

JUNE 6.1984
1983 Buccaneer Due
Arrive In July
Despite the records of their
predecessors, it appears that the
1984 and 1985 Buccaneers will ar-
rive on campus on time, although
the 1983 book is still at the
The 1983 Buccaneer, which
covers the 1982-83 school yearis
scheduled for distribution by the
end of July. According to Bryan
Hester, editor of the 1984 book,
e are multiple causes for the
book's excessive tardiness.
Hester said when Lisa Col-
eman, editor of the 1983 book,
took over, she came into a situa-
tion where all the preceding books
had been late, thus making it
more difficult for her to finish her
book on time.
"The books had been behind
for several years. When one book
is behind, it causes the rest to be
behind Hester said.
In addition, Hester said, "no
matter who the editor has been,
the staff has been small and with
the type of book we print, it's
been really difficult with the
number of people we have
The 1983 book went to the
printer late, where problems were
further compounded. Hester ex-
plained that the ECU book is a
fall delivery book, enabling it to
cover more events. When it was
sent to the printer's, however, it
had to compete with spring
delivery high school and college
books, many of which were also
late. Hester said the printers were
running their presses continuously
and were still behind schedule.
At present, the 1983 book is in
the process of being printed and
proofed and delivery is scheduled
for late July. Because the book is
so late, distribution will be com-
plicated. Letters will be mailed to
1983 graduates, Hester said, who
will then be requested to send
postage and mailing addresses in
order to receive their books.
Students already in school will
be able to pick up the books upon
presentation of ID's and activity
cards. Hester stressed that since
this is the 1983 book, student
who were freshman this year will
not be eligible to receive a copy.
The 1984 Buccaneer is on time
so far, Hester said. It is scheduled
to be sent to the printers at the end
of July and distribution is P�ann5d
for late September of early Oc-
tober. The book will have 400
pages and 96 pages will be color,
Hester said.
A substantial football feature is
planned and the pictures art
"very good he said. He also
said there will be fewer class piC.
tures in the book, approximate!)
1,000 compared to the usual
average of 1,900. He attributed
this to the earlier sittings and the
confusion surrounding hich
yearbooks were being produced
In order to prevent late books
in the future, "the media board
will take a more active role in
keeping up with the Buccaneer
Students Unaware
Of A vailable Aid
Advertise With
The East Carolinian
Need A Ride?
Use the Classifieds
Send your message
in the Classifieds
(CPS) � A major reason more
:ents don't get some form of
�.ncial aid is that the students
Dn't know how to apply for the
the National Student Aid
alition claims in a new report.
Moreover, aid officials are go-
to have to do a better job get-
a word of the aid programs out
) minority, disadvantaged and all
school students if they're go-
g to get college money into the
ds that need it most, NSAC's
mily Gruss says.
NSAC's study of which
rents get what kinds of aid in-
" "rmation concludes much of the
rmation either doesn't cross
tural barriers to black and
Hispanic students, or doesn't
age to get "where they're
No; all financial aid experts
ee, however.
There's a wide variety of
erials out there says Dallas
Martin, head of the National
ociation of Student Financial
dmii 'rators, an umbrella
group to: .ampus aid officers.
'There are some students, par-
' cularly from disadvantaged
ickgrounds, and older students,
don't realize the (aid) oppor-
es available to them Mar-
agrees. But he suspects the
reason they don't know is that
they're unmotivated or "alienated
m the process
Without having any definite
. ares, Gruss maintains a signifi-
' number of minority and
r students get less aid than
white students precisely because
ev don't get enough informa-
ih lit the aid programs.
College Board study released
asl week estimated that 52 per-
cent of the American college stu-
U body gets some sort of finan-
cial aid.
Gruss says another study show-
ed 62.5 percent of the black
tudents enrolled in college receive
some form of aid, compared to
-if. 8 percent of the white students.
To get more aid to more
students, NSAC now suggests
drawing up a mass media ad cam-
paign emphasizing how much aid
is available to the needy.
NSAC also wants to expand
several need-based aid programs
and create education information
centers outside of high schools to
reach more non-traditional
Martin, however, isn't sure
there's much of a problem, con-
sidering that all available aid
money in consumed by students
every year.
"There's not enough money to
go around to all the student ap-
plicants, he says.
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7 piece ironstone cook ware set
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12 pieces glassware set
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4 piece Regenta Sheffield Cutley set
3 piece Rubbermaid Serve and Saver set
Ekco manual can opener
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Mop bucket
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Cutley tray
2 vanity waste baskets
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Greenville, N.C. 27836

� m ai
��ill ��i ill W n
gjpgaiWa�i � V f' �"
(CPS) � College students are still
experiencing high rates of stress
and suicide despite a prediction by
college counselors that an improv-
ed economy would relieve the
"The effects of an improved
economy and job market just
haven't trickled down to help the
students much vet says Debra
Allen, associate director of
counseling services at the Univer-
sity of Illinois.
Three Illinois students and one
professor have committed suicide
this school year, she says, and
there have been at least six unsuc-
cessful suicide attempts during the
same time.
Two weeks ago, a University of
South Carolina professor,
despondent after he was denied
tenure, took a student hostage,
barricaded himself in the presi-
dent's office and committed
Two University of Southern
California students have taken
their own lives this year, while
others have tried, says It A'
Blair of the school's security
Gov't Tries
(CPS) � The governme:
trying to send a Morgan State
University student back to Africa
to face certain harassment and
maybe even death, campus
tivists are saying, but the govern-
ment itself has denied the
political asylum in this countrv
least for the moment.
The U.S. Immigration and
Naturalization Service has den
Mankekolo Mahlangu-Ngcobo, a
33-year-old nursing student born
in South Africa, her initial request
to stay in the U.S.
The denial provoked a number
of public protests, including a
Morgan State Faculty Senate
resolution supporting the
student's effort and a campus-
wide petition drive.
"We are doing everything we
can to prevent deportation sas
Tay Wo, Morgan State's student
government president.
"The majority of Morgan State
students are behind her adds
Salina Marritt, head of the
school's mental health depart-
ment. "Everyone who was asked
to sign a petition has done s
The INS wants to send the stu-
dent, who concedes to being in
this country illegally,
Mahlangu-Ngcobo says she will
face persecution if she is forced to
return to Botswana, where she liv -
ed after she tied from So
In 1978, Mahlangu-Ngcobo
founded the Azanian Peoples
Organization to try to overturn
apartheid, South Africa's system
of forced segregation.
She says several of her frien
and APO members were torn.
or killed by the government
their activities. "Two weeks ai
we formed APO. 1 was arres
and kept in solitary for 21 da
After her release, she fled to
Botswana, which borders South
The student, who has a two-
year-old daughter from a now-
broken marriage to a U.S. citizen,
contends she won't be safe from
South African police in
"If she has a political history,
that's a very real fear says Jen-
nifer Davis! executive director of
the American Committee on
Africa, based in New York.
Davis, who isn't familiar with
Mahlangu-Ngcobo's case, notes
that "Botswana is an independent
country, but has a rather small ar-
my, and can't really keep the
South Africans out
South Africa, she adds, "has
invaded neighboring states and
nations with small task forces
often in the past, moving against
what they called terrorists, who in
reality were just opponents of
Davis adds the case sounds
similar to that of Dennis Brutus,
the South African poet who
teaches at Northwestern Universi-
The INS sought to deport
Brutus to Zimbabwe, which
borders South Africa, "but the
judge recognized that South
Africa thinks little of invading far
afield to get to its enenmies, and
allowed Brutus to remain in this
country Davis says.
Brutus received permission to
remain in the U.S. last fall.
In his ruling denying
Mahlangu-Ngcobo political
asylum, Richard Spurlock, the
INS's district director in
Baltimore, concluded "she can
safely return to Botswana
Her request for asylum,
� �

antiai football feature is
and the pictures are
he said. He also
will be fewer class piC-
vk. approximately
ed to the usual
)i 1,500. He attributed
sittings and the
?unding which
snng produced.
revent late books
'the media board
active role in
1 the Buccaneer
your message
he Classifieds
g Sub
'�wh wm(
Call Now
ental Office
nth Street
JUNE 6, 1984
Student Stress, Suicide Rates Remain Inflated
lC PS) � College students are still
experiencing high rates of stress
and suicide despite a prediction by
college counselors that an improv-
ed economy would relieve the
'The effects of an improved
economy and job market just
haven't trickled down to help the
students much yet says Debra
Allen, associate director of
counseling services at the Univer-
sity of Illinois.
Three Illinois students and one
professor have committed suicide
this school year, she says, and
there have been at least six unsuc-
cessful suicide attempts during the
same time.
Two weeks ago, a University of
:outh Carjlina professor,
despondent af'er he was denied
tenure, took a student hostage,
barricaded himself in the presi-
dent's office and committed
Two University of Southern
California students have taken
their own lives this year, while two
others have tried, says Lt. Art
Blair of the school's security
At Middle Tennessee State, a
student security patrol officer kill-
ed himself laj�t semester after
murdering his girlfriend.
And a Columbia University stu-
dent killed himself just before the
Christmas holidays by jumping in
front of a freight train.
There may be other incidents,
"There are a lot of accidents by
college students that are increas-
ingly being viewed as suicide at-
tempts disguised as accidents
adds Javad Kashani, a University
of Missouri psychiatrist who has
authored numerous studies of stu-
dent depression and suicide.
'There's simply no way to pro-
ve or demonstrate what was really
an accident and what was really a
suicide he says.
Spring is always a difficult time
for students and faculty members
as burnout makes it harder to deal
with stress, the experts say.
But the hoped-for easing of
stress in the economic recovery
hasn't happened, they observe.
"Mostly what we're seeing are a
lot of seniors with exit anxiety
says Vincent C'Andrea. a Stan-
ford counseling center
"The seniors are preparing to
leave school and enter the job
market, and they have all sorts of
unanswered questions he says.
"And they see all their com-
munications with friends,
counselors and support groups be-
ing cut off in the process
"It's been a busy year D'An-
drea says. Even with predictions
that the job market is finally
opening up this spring, depression
is still a steady problem.
"The pressure students will feel
to choose a major that will be in
demand and pay well and the
desire to maintain good grades
have not really leveled off Allen
Nationally, about 19 out of
every 100,000 students attempt
suicide every year, according to
National Institute of Mental
Health statistics, making suicide
second only to automobile ac-
cidents as the leading cause of stu-
dent deaths.
Several years ago campus
counseling experts noted dramatic
increases in the number of
Gov't Tries To Deport Student
(CPS) � The government is
trying to send a Morgan State
University student back to Africa
to face certain harassment and
maybe even death, campus ac-
tivists are saying, but the govern-
ment itself has denied the student
political asylum in this country, at
least for the moment.
The U.S. Immigration and
Naturalization Service has denied
Mankekolo Mahlangu-Ngcobo, a
33-year-old nursing student born
in South Africa, her initial request
to stay in the U.S.
The denial provoked a number
of public protests, including a
Morgan State Faculty Senate
resolution supporting the
student's effort and a campus-
wide petition drive.
"We are doing everything we
can to prevent deportation says
Tay Wo, Morgan State's student
government president.
"The majority of Morgan State
students are behind her adds
Salina Marritt, head of the
school's mental health depart-
ment. "Everyone who was asked
to sign a petition has done so
The INS wants to send the stu-
dent, who concedes to being in
this country illegally, to
Mahlangu-Ngcobo says she will
face persecution if she is forced to
return to Botswana, where she liv-
ed after she fled from South
In 1978, Mahlangu-Ngcobo
founded the Azanian Peoples
Organization to try to overturn
apartheid, South Africa's system
of forced segregation.
She says several of her friends
and APO members were tortured
or killed by the government for
their activities. "Two weeks after
we formed APO, 1 was arrested
and kept in solitary for 21 days
After her release, she fled to
Botswana, which borders South
The student, who has a two-
year-old daughter from a now-
broken marriage to a U.S. citizen,
contends she won't be safe from
South African police in
"If she has a political history,
that's a very real fear says Jen-
nifer Davis, executive director of
the American Committee on
Africa, based in New York.
Davis, who isn't familiar with
Mahlangu-Ngcobo's case, notes
that "Botswana is an independent
country, but has a rather small ar-
my, and can't really keep the
South Africans out
South Africa, she adds, "has
invaded neighboring states and
nations with small task forces
often in the past, moving against
what they called terrorists, who in
reaJity were just opponents of
Davis adds the case sounds
similar to that of Dennis Brutus,
the South African poet who
teaches at Northwestern Universi-
The INS sought to deport
Brutus to Zimbabwe, which
borders South Africa, "but the
judge recognized that South
Africa thinks little of invading far
afield to get to its enenmies, and
allowed Brutus to remain in this
country Davis says.
Brutus received permission to
remain in the U.S. last fall.
In his ruling denying
Mahlangu-Ngcobo political
asylum, Richard Spurlock, the
INS's district director in
Baltimore, concluded "she can
safely return to Botswana
Her request for asylum,
however, was only the "first bite
in the apple points out Robert
Finkelstein, chief legal officer of
the INS's Baltimore office.
He says Mahlangu-Ngcobo has
60 days in which to present new
evidence proving she has a
reasonable fear of persecution if
she is deported to Botswana.
"After that, even if the district
director affirms his decision (de-
nying her asylum), only at that
point would formal deportation
proceedings begin. And then she
can renew her application for
asylum, and have a formal adver-
sary trial in front of an indepen-
dent court Finkelstein explains.
He adds Mahlangu-Ngcobo's
application for asylum is one of
1,100 active ones in Baltimore and
there are about 250,000 others.
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10th and Cotancbe St Greenville
depressed, anxious and suicidal
students visiting counseling
centers. They theorized that
financial aid cutbacks, a sluggish
economy, the worst employment
market since World War II and
increased competition for grades
were the main reasons for the in-
creased pressure on students.
Besides an increase in suicides,
counselors also observed sharp in-
creases in the number of students
with other stress-related pro-
blems, such as headaches, depres-
sion and eating disorders such as
bulimia and anorexia nervosa.
Now, although things aren't
getting worse, they don't appear
to be improving much, either, the
experts say.
A recent Newsweek "On Cam-
pus" poll shows that three out of
every five students say they suffer
from psychological stress, in-
cluding burnout, depression and
About two-thirds of the
students cited academic pressure,
uncertainty about the future and
financial worries as the leading
causes of stress and anxiety.
The Newsweek poll found one
out of every eight students had
seriously considered suicide while
in college. Five percent admitted
to actually trying to kill
As a result of such statistics,
many counseling centers have
established suicide hotlines,
upgraded tneir counseling services
and trained student dormatory
supervisors to spot depressed and
potentially-suicidal students.
Seniors facing a competitive job
market and the impending cutoff
from their campus support group-
aren't the only ones to watch.
Freshmen face a tremendous
amount of anxiety and pressure,
Kashani says, because the are
leaving home for the first time
and simply may not be ready for
an independent, competitive cam-
pus atmosphere
Consequently, he says, three
out of every four freshmen c
sider suicide.
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June 6, 1984
Page 4
Arms Race
Nuclear Polemics Once More
Most people wonder whether or
not to take Ronald Reagan serious-
ly when he talks about arms con-
trol. The East Carolinian, like the
Soviets, are no different. We
wonder, "Could he be serious this
time, or is it only talk to buy some
The Soviets, of course, are in-
transigent anyway, but if the presi-
dent could get across that he means
well, a thaw in the new Cold War
could come about.
Well, the president tried to be
conciliatory again. Monday in
Dublin, Ireland, (whose northern
relatives could use a little arms
control) the president declared,
"America is prepared for peace"
and consequently announced he
would consider a Soviet proposal
to renounce the use of force in
Europe. Is he, as some say, just
playing for votes, or is the prez tru-
ly worried about a nuclear con-
Reagan has tended to be all talk
and no action on arms control.
That's fine � if you leave out the
talk. Our leaders have the right to
pursue the policies they expounded
on the road to winning the elec-
tion, but don't start saying things
to placate the electorate unless you
mean it. We want him to go back
to the bargaining table. We need a
thaw. We hope he means it, but he
better not give anything away �
tough pragmatism is in order.
Our negotiating stance should be
somewhere between the anti-
communism, "evil empire"
rhetoric and "we want a freeze at
any cost" position advocated by
many people of the so-called
liberal persuasion. We are convinc-
ed neither we or the Soviet Union
would deliberately use nuclear
weapons, probably because of
fear. But, the tension prevalent
now is bound to produce a
mistake. A terrifying mistake to
think about.
So, in our opinion, Reagan
should do three things. One,
follow up on his latest proposal.
Two, call for a face-to-face
meeting with the men in the
Kremlin. Three, stop berating the
Soviets for the pleasure of his
right-wing constituency.
Implementation of step one is
easy. Every chance the president
gets he should call on the Soviet
Union to help make peace. The
ball would be in their court.
Sooner or later they will have to
come back, and real progress could
be made. Their stubborness to deal
with Reagan will abide when they
realize he is serious and their plans
to discredit him will only help him
win the election.
Step two is harder. The Soviet
leaders will probably denounce
such a request for a meeting � if it
is done publicly. Do it privately.
Back channels, along with public
statements, should yield a meeting.
The third proposal goes against
the president's natural instincts.
But in time he could learn to be
pragmatic. Soon he will learn that
peace through talk works better
than peace through guns.
We know it's all so, so simple to
write about, and that The East
Carolinian's influence, alas, does
not reach to the White House. But,
if we say realism is the key, maybe
it will spread, perhaps even out to
sea over to the Russian coast.
Words cost so little, let's see if we
and the Soviet Union could use a
few nice ones for a change.
And Then
This could be a historic year in
North Carolina politics. Seems
that after November, citizens of
the Tarheel State could be the pro-
ud owners of an all-Republican
government � both senators, a
governor and the U.S. president
might all be members of the grand
old elephant regime.
Rep. James Martin has a great
chance of beating Rufus Edmisten
in the fall, Jesse and Jim are runn-
ing neck and neck and Old Ronnie
is the odds on favorite to repeat his
award-winning performance in
I.R.A.s Encourage Little Savings;
National Debt Is The Real Loser
Tkt New r
This is a fitting season to review the
misdeeds of the I.R.A. Not the Hiber-
nian one; I have in mind the annual
Easter rising of the individual retirement
April 16 was the deadline to open an
I.R.A. Under present law � the epic
Economic Recovery Act of 1981 � you
may place in an I.R.A. up to $2,000
($4,000 for working couples) and deduct
that amount from your taxable income.
The money must stay blocked until you
are 59-and-a-half years old.
An I.R.A. of course, saves you taxes;
and because it does so by inducing you
to save money, it should be good public
policy to boot. If you have a joint tax-
able income of $60,000, the Internal
Revenue Service would normally collect
a tax of $16,014. But put $4,000 of your
income into an I.R.A and your tax
liability drops to $14,414. In other
words, $1,600 of your addition to say-
ings � 40 percent of the total � is a gift
from the U.S. Treasury, which is to say,
from other taxpayers. And the interest
on that savings will also be tax-free.
Well, what's wTong with that, if it
helps encourage the savings habit? We
have been told by everyone from Arthur
Laffer to Lester Thurow that Americans
consume too much and save too little.
The economy needs new capital invest-
ment to grow, and investment requires
savings, doesn't it?
The problem is that I.R.A.s don't in-
crease the American savings rate; they
almost surely decrease it. The reason is
that the government pays out more
money through this tax subsidy than the
additional private savings that the sub-
sidy induces. Every time the Treasury
gives up a dollar of tax revenue, that in-
creases the federal deficit by a dollar.
And the deficit must be funded by tapp-
ing � what else? � the national pool of
private savings. Thus, unless I.R.A.s in-
crease the public deficit, they are a
deadweight economic loss.
The I.R.A. subsidy is largely a waste
because you can qualify for the tax
break simply by shifting the form in
which you hold existing savings. If you
already have some savings, you get the
I.R.A. tax deduction by transferring
$2,000 from an ordinary account into an
I.R.A. account; or by selling some stock
and by opening an I.R.A or by holding
your stock in an I.R.A. brokerage ac-
count. Many people did just that. Many
other people who would have increased
their savings anyway simply channeled
some of the new savings into an I.R.A.
And some people even borrowed money
to open an I.R.A. � none of which adds
a penny to savings. A 1982 sutdy by the
Federal Reserve Bank of New York con-
cluded that virtually no I.R.A. savings
represented geniunely "new" savings.
I.R.A.s induce people to shift the form
in which savings are held, but do little to
encourage people to consume less and
save more.
According to the I.R.S about one
household in five put money into an
I.R.A. in 1982. Fully 57 percent of
households with incomes over $50,000
took advantage of I.R.A.s; and 34 per-
cent of households with incomes of
$30,000-50,000 used them. But at the
lower end of the scale, only 4.5 percent
of the $5,000-$ 10,000 households and
9.3 percent of the $10,000-$ 15,000
households had I.R.A. savings.
The surprising thing is that anybody
with just $10,000 a year would be sock-
ing money away in an I.R.A. The ex-
planation, it turns out, is that the
relatively low-income I.R.A. users are
mostly semi-retired people, with modest
income but substantial assets. You can
keep right on putting tax-deffered in-
come into an I.R.A. until age 70-and-a-
One economist who studied I.R.A.s
cites the example of his own mother. At
age 68, she is on Social Securit) She
also has a small investment income fir -
her late husband's estate, plus a re-
thousand dollars a year that she ca:
working pan time in a gift shop v
this carefully: The first $2,000 of
wages go into her I.R.A. She repia;
this income by withdrawing an ec
amount from her money marke- fund
This leaves her with no loss oft osump-
tion, but it shelters $2,000 of her
from taxation. Instead of having to so
many thousands of dollars in her money
market fund, she has it in her I R A
Does this add one dime to the oal
supply of savings? Of course not. Does
it reduce the national savings r
Yes, because the lost tax revenue memi -
that the Treasury must borrow iha:
much more from other pere's savings.
I.R.A.s, of course, are immense
popular; all subsidies are. Thcj are i
very good personal financial strategy
"Everybody" can play, in contrast to
real estate, limited partners! r
wells. I.R.A.s seem a kind of peopk
tax shelter, a shelter for the average fir
(As Nelson Rockefeller blurted out dur-
ing his confirmation hearings. "Take
the average man earniai
$50,000-$60,000 a year)
But the I.R.A. universe is effed I
limited to people with established weafel
to shift assets from one account to
another and lock money into an account
that cannot be touched until late sad-
life, or enough discretionary income
to miss a few thousand dollars. Very fta
wage-earning families fall into tha:
group. People who can't afford to use
I.R.A.s, incidentally, pretty well del
what was once the Democratic Par
If this is the year of the yuppie, the
I.R.A. is the ultimate yuppie program
And the consummate yuppie elder is
Ronald Reagan. Imitators beware.
U.S. Ignores History In Central America
James Reston of The New York Times once said,
'The United States will do anything for Latin
America except read about it In a nutshell this
describes exactly our policy towards the area �
throw some money at it and maybe the problem will
go away. We have been too preoccupied elsewhere to
attend to the incredible diversity of problems there.
A common thread can be discerned in our foreign
policy approach to the isthmus. Before World War II
it was: Got a problem in one of the banana republics
� send in the Marines and they'll settle it but quick.
Then in the '60's it was the Alliance for Progress,
which only served to exacerbate the plight of the poor
and enhance the portfolios of the elite families. Both
of these policies are defensive or passive policies. We
wait for a problem to arrive and only then do we at-
tempt a solution.
A new term has become fashionable among
political scientists � kleptocracy, or rule by thieves.
This describes precisely the fate of American dollars
injected into traditional Latin American societies.
We have no conception of the fabric of these coun-
tries, their utter lack of even the most rudimentary
prerequisites of democracy � a middle class and a
reasonable literacy rate. Now in a frenzy of activity
we are trying to rectify our previous mistakes and
sins of ommission by aiding a tottering regime in El
The problems that are impervious to quick fixes or
panaceas of American aid have underlying causes
that have survived for centuries. The problems we en-
dure are those of most developing nations � incredi-
ble poverty for a majority of the population, wealthy
elites insensitive to anything other than their own ag-
grandizement, illiteracy and an incredible resistance
to change. Add to all of this pervasive corruption and
you have a classic scenario for a marxist. After all,
what does a Campiseno have to lose by heading to
the hills and blowing away toadies of the oligarchy �
the military. And in a guerrilla war a stale mate in-
variably ends in contributing to the downfall of the
establishment. One guerrilla can successfully tie
down seven or eight conventional soldiers who de-
fend static position. The response of the military in
Latin America has typically been to go on a rampage
and crush all opposition. This has met with varying
degrees of success as witnessed by the revolution in
Nicaragua, where finally even the middle class and
elements of the professional class became incensed
with the excesses of Samosa and threw in their lot
with the rebels. Military policy in El Salvador has
been to ruthlessly destroy anyone suspected of leftist
sympathies. This means priests, nuns, professors,
students and members of aid groups that are engaged
in agricultural reform programs.
In fact, the present Land-To-The-Tiller program
so highly touted by our State Department is not the
singular success it is claimed to be. Under the pro-
gram families that have tilled the land for a period of
years as sharecroppers or tenant farmers are entitled
to a provisional title to the land. They then have to
pay the land owner for that title to be converted into
a permanent one. A way of circumventing this is for
the land owners to have some of their redneck bud-
dies pay a visit to the farmer and blow him away or at
the very least, ask him politely to make tracks. Either
way, the land owner gets his land and the campiseno
gets caught in the middle. If he grumbles about his
misfortunes, he is in some serious trouble.
The issue of the death squads is precisely the pro-
blem that threatens our foreign policy in Centra)
America. A much stronger moral and strategic cast
can be made for saving El Salvador than was made
for Vietnam. I have no qualms about military sup-
port for El Salvador. In fact, given the strategic in-
terest at stake, it is completely justifiable. However,
an ominous stench of disaster looms over our ap-
proach. That stench smells curiously like 37,000 rot-
ting bodies. This is precisely the issue that threatens
to vitiate any progressive U.S. policies.
Reagan is having an increasingly difficult time get-
ting aid bills through the Republican Congress. It is
Reagan's intransigence in not tying discernable
human rights progress to aid for El Salvador, that is
alienating members of his own party and damning his
chances for making a positive impact on the newly
elected Duarte government. I hate to beat a dead
horse, but here are some facts I dug up reading the
Kissinger report: 37,000 noncombatants have been
murdered in El Salvador since 1979. Another 3,000
have disappeared and presumably are dead. A com-
parable figure for the United States would be slightly
more than 2 million violent assasinations.
Tutela Legal, a human rights organization
associated with the Roman Catholic Archdiocese of
San Salvador, has recorded political murders of
civilian noncombatants at a rate of about 100 a week.
It is thought that these totals underestimate the true
amount because the group insists on obtaining first-
hand testimony from family members or witnesses.
In the hearing before the Kissinger commission,
America Watch concluded that, "El Salvador is a
human rights disaster area. There is no prospect of
significant improvement. Though the United States
has made strenuous efforts to persuade the security
forces to curtail human rights abuses, these efforts,
even in such matters as the murder of U.S. citizens,
have been unavailing. The Salvadoran security forces
are confident that the U.S. will support them no mat-
ter what
In fact, the only countries in recent years that have
murdered a higher percentage of their populations
have been the Pol Pot regime in Cambodia and Idi
Amin in Uganda. Americans are becoming increas-
ingly unwilling to support a country that engages
such gross violations of human rights. It seems to tf
that we employ a curious double standard. On oaf
hand, we don't let all-white South African soccer
teams play in America, while we subsidize a country
that is systematically eradicating those citizens that
could aid in democratizing its society. Already the El
Salvadoran refugees are putting tremendous pressure
on other countries in Central America. Why are �e
niggling and fighting over a vitally important foreign
policy issue? Because of the debate of the death
We have already witnessed the impact of a divided
United States; this perhaps was one of the most im-
portant lessons of Vietnam War. The problems of
Central America and especially of El Salvador will
require a long term, serious commitment that is sup-
ported by the American public. So far, Reagan has
not deigned to articulate the goals of our policy
there. This problem is not something that will disap-
pear if we just ignore it. There are no easy solutions
to the crisis; long after Reagan is gone, the roots of
the problem will still be there. We have the ability to
effect change in the area and bring about some
democratization of these traditional societies, but pot
We must be willing to accept ideological pluralism,
but make it dear that we will not support Cuban and
Soviet adventurism in the Western hemisphere
Reagan s policies are on the right track but arc
doomed for failure unless he can achieve support for
his programs. The abuses are already so bad in. El
Salvador that we are getting a black eye for our in-
ability to force positive change in the country. Only
by tying human rights progress to military and
economic aid win Reagan be able to forge the bipar
tisan consensus that he needs
Probably nownl
world is a state si
with such a vane-1
climate as Nc
more than SOI
ching from the fit
to the Aria:
highest mo�
America, the
to offer everyone
Eastern North
its fresh anc
doubtedly the
region in
ing. fishing
ing. canoeing
ping, or eve
sight-see;Dg :he
Folio . j
popular place
Beaches �
Wrightsville, C;
Holden, Ocean IslJ
Cape He II
Seashore � Cos
acres of lane
beach) on BodieJ
Ocracoke Isla
throughout tl
walking distance
Fees per night. peH
imum of six peopij
Cape Looko
Seashore � a
Carolina's outer :
tends some 58 mii
only be rea. - -
Cape Loo
structed in 1859. s(
night arriven
Carolina Beac
termed as
delight offers
and boating
River and adjoin
NtmfT �
Patrick Ov J
editor and
Carolinian, ma
Easter Sundc- m
other member
Plowshares. ;
Martin Marietta pk
Florida and OHM
damage to Pers -
Patrick has been
neighS?r - n
have know. - j
of his politic
Although we have
in either our p J
proach to pc
valued his friendship
an extremeh gi
because he cons
my own tendency
This telephone
place the day after
It was di' 7 dt to
By J.
Okay. Summer'
decided that even
in summer school.
have the time of y oJ
if no one was int
clambake and you
aren't the most it
son on campus.
you promised yo�
day you would 1
you have any true
all, that day is herj
ECU now has
Under the supers
advisor Gay
Mathews, a 21-y
major from North
every bit of what
pect a sailing lead
an environmental
any sport that dea
of man versus nan
. He not only
certification in sci
he has also sky
.Hawaii for five yj
those radical wavt
taineered in Color!
mountain climber I
focusing his energy
ECU Sail Oub
recognized am
:� r . i -� . ,

Social Security. She
-tment income from
Ps estate, plus a few
ear that she earns
a gift shop. Mark
si S2.000 of her
er l.RA. She replaces
.awing an equal
money market fund.
i no loss of consump-
OO of her income
: of having to so
.ars in her money
in her I.R.A.
me to the national
course not. Does
savings supply?
ax '�evenue means
must borrow that
,wer people's savings.
e. are immensely
es are. They are a
ancial strategy.
a. in contrast to
partnerships or oil
�em a kind of people's
ter for the average guy.
iier blurted out dur-
hearings, "Take
man earning
verse is effectively
le with established wealth
�m one account to
:k money into an account
:hed until late mid-
ionary income not
id dollars. Very few
milks fall into that
who can't afford to use
itally, pretty well define
the Democratic Party
.ear of the yuppie, the
imate yuppie program.
immate yuppie elder is
Imitators beware.
is are becoming mcreas-
country that engagesjn
nan rights. It seems to me
iouble standard. On one
ie South African soccer
le we subsidize a country
rating thce citizens that
its society. Already the El
tting tremendous pressure
fal America. Why are we
i vitally important foreign
�the debate of the death
pd the impact of a divided
was one of the most im-
War. The problems of
:ially of El Salvador will
commitment that is sup-
Jblic. So far, Reagan has
he goals of our policy
i mething that will disap-
i�re are no easy solutions
igan is gone, the roots.of
re. We have the ability to
and bring about some
ditional societies, but pot
pt ideological pluralism,
ill not support Cuban and
ie Western hemisphere.
the right track but 4
ie can achieve support for
are already so bad in E1
ig a black eye for our ln-
�ngc in the country. OjJ
rogre$s to military w11
able to forge the biRf
JUNE 6, 1984
Beaches And Parks
Prelevant In N. C.
Page 5
Probably nowhere else in the
world is a state so richly blessed
with such a variety of terrain and
climate as North Carolina. With
more than 500 miles of land stret-
ching from the flatlands adjacent
to the Atlantic Ocean to the
highest mountains in eastern
America, the state has something
to offer everyone.
Eastern North Carolina, with
its fresh and salt waters, is un-
doubtedly the most popular
region in the state right now.
Whether your pleasure is swimm-
ing, fishing, surfing, boating, sail-
ing, canoeing, scuba diving, cam-
ping, or even hang-gliding and
sight-seeing, the coastal plains has
something for you.
Following is a descriptive list of
popular places to visit:
Beaches � Surf City, Topsail,
Wrightsville, Carolina, Kure,
Southport, Yaupon, Long,
Holden, Ocean Isle, and Sunset.
Cape Hatteras National
Seashore � Covers nearly 28,000
acres of land (70 miles of open
beach) on Bodie, Hatteras and
Ocracoke Islands. Many private
campgrounds are scattered
throughout the area, all within
walking distance to the beach.
Fees per night, per site for a max-
imum of six people is $6.
Cape Lookout National
Seashore � a park on North
Carolina's outer banks which ex-
tends some 58 miles. The park can
only be reached by boat; however,
Cape Lookout, a lighthouse con-
structed in 1859, still operates for
night arrivers.
Carolina Beach State Park �
termed as "a naturalist's
delight offers excellent fishing
and boating in the Cape Fear
River and adjoining waterways.
Also, a nature trail extends
throughout the area.
Cliff's of the Neuse State Park
� a river bluff in Seven Springs,
layered with rocks and sediment
and containing fossil shells and
Fort Macon State Park �
located on the eastern end of
Bogue Banks. The fort, which is
150 years old, protected Beaufort
during the Civil War and World
War II.
Jockey's Ridge � the highest
sand dune on the East Coast and a
favorite spot for hang-gliders. It is
located in Creswell.
Pettigrew State Park � a
fisherman's paradise. Lake
Phelps, located within the park,
swarms with largemouth bass,
white perch, channel catfish, and
various panfish. The
Elizabethan Gardens � located at
Roanoke Island near Manteo. The
unique garden includes not only
plants, wildflowers, trees, and
shrubs, but also ancient statues
and ornaments. It is open year-
round from 9 a.m. to 5 p.m.
The Lost Colony � the story of
America's oldest unsolved
mystery. Paul Green's drama of
the first English colonists is in its
44th season, running every day ex-
cept Sunday, from June 15 to
September 1 at 5:30 p.m. It is held
at the Waterside Theatre on
Roanoke Island.
Wright Brothers National
Memorial � located on the Outer
Banks midway between Kitty
Hawk and Nags Head.
Historic Bath � North
Carolina's oldest town which
depends upon fishing, farming,
and touring.
U.S.S. North Carolina Bat-
tleship � located in Wilmington.
a good catch at Cevrttach Soud. There are also many other fishing spots
" MStSV .�
North Carolina's eleven main beaches provide entertainment for too lists and residents alike.
Outer Bank
Camping In
The State
Are you tired of slugging it out
with obese tourists for one square
yard of burning sand? Tired of
beaches that look like Walt
Disney World? Tired of paying
forty bucks a night for a dump
with an air conditioner that
sounds like an-air hammer ?If you
answered yes to one of these ques-
tions you are a prime candidate
for camping on the Outer Banks.
The Banks are North Carolina's
barrier beaches that range from
five to thirty miles offshore. The
National Park Service runs abuot
five campgrounds during the sum-
mer months. For seven dollars
you can camp right behind the
dunes and walk to clean
bathrooms and cold showers. To
solve the tent problem you can
rent one from the ECU In-
tramural Department. If leaving
from Greenville, follow 264 east
to Swanquarter. The ferry will
take you to Ocracoke Island. The
price is ten dollars and you must
make a reservation by phone.
Ocracoke is the nicest island of
the banks because it is the least
commercial. If you are realh
serious about getting away from
humanity call the Coast Guard
and they will give you the names
of several Ocracoke residents who
will take you across the inlet to
Portsmouth Island which is com-
pletely deserted and has an intact
ghost town. The last residents left
in the early 70's. You have to br-
ing your own water but the trou-
ble is well worth it. Bring plenty
of insect repellant � the flies are
gigantic and fear nothing.
To get back to Greenville
follow 12 to 64 to 13 which runs
right into town.Check with
Micheal Cotter of Joyner Library
� he will dig up road maps, ferrv
schedules and phone numbers of
the Coast Guard and the Park
Protestor Patrick O'Neill Reveals Thoughts About Confinement, Beliefs
Staff Writer
Patrick O'Neill, former news
editor and writer for the East
Carolinian, was arrested on
Easter Sunday, along with seven
other members of the Pershing
Plowshares, for breaking into a
Martin Marietta plant in Orlando,
Florida and causing symbolic
damage to Pershing missile com-
Patrick has been my next door
neighbor for the past year, so I
have known him beyond the scope
of his political involvement.
A It hough we have often disagreed
in either our politics or our ap-
proach to politics, I have always
valued his friendship because he is
an extremely giving person and
because he constantly challenges
my own tendency to play things
This telephone interview took
place the day after Memorial Day.
It was difficult to hear Patrick at
times because the noice coming
from the tele ision in the cell
block was so loud.
EC: How are thing going?
PO: I'm not optimistic about get-
ting out, that's for sure. Five of
the group got out without bond
and one of the group stayed in
solidarity with me.
EC: Are you still separated?
PO: Yeah, we've always been
separated. The other fellow is in a
different jail. There are four
county jails here. They've done a
really good job of separating us.
It appears that they're going to be
pretty punitive; the judge that we
have in federal court has a reputa-
tion for pretty stiff sentencing. So
we're looking at the possibility of
going to jail for a while.
EC: When does your trial start?
PO: The federal trial starts on Ju-
ly 9th.
EC: Will you get into a different
jail when that starts?
PO: No, I'll be in the same cell as
far as I know.
EC: So, July 9th you face federal
PO: The federal charges are:
destruction of federal property,
which carries ten years and
$10,000; and conspiracy, which
carries five years or a $10,000 fine.
In state court we're facing two
counts of burglary, each carrying
Five years; possession of burglar's
tools, carrying five years; and
criminal mischief, carrying five
years. Criminal mischief is the
same as destruction of govern-
ment property � we're being
charged in both courts.
Right now the bottom line is
that I have to have a lot of faith.
Physically and emotionally the
whole experience has been very
exhausting � being in jail, being
held in pre-trial. You know, at
one time my bail was $110,000.
It's been lowered now. When the
state court realized the absurdity
of holding us at such
unreasonable bond, it got lowered
after we were given interviews to
personal recognizance for six peo-
ple, and two were held on $15,000
bond. My bond was lowered by
$98,000. It was clear to the judge
that our intention was to be here
in court, and to work our case
through the judicial process �
there was no possibility that we
were going to flee. And in reality,
it was worth it for the judge to
give us personal recognizance,
because in the event that one of us
didn't come back, it would look
great for the prosecution. You
know, it wasn't a unified group of
people; they weren't serious about
their conviction. It looks good for
them to take a risk on letting us
out, really. The reason they're not
letting the two of us out is
because, in my case, you know,
I'm on probation, and the other
guy is on appeal on another
disobedience charge. That was
Mathews Discusses New Sailing Club A t ECU
Steff Writer
Okay. Summer's here. You've
decided that even though you're
in summer school, you're going to
have the time of your life. So what
if no one was interested in your
clambake and you found that you
aren't the most imaginative per-
son on campus. Remember how
you promised yourself that one
day you would learn to sail? If
you have any true motivation at
all, that day is here.
ECU now has a sailing club.
Under the supervision of faculty
advisor Gay Blocker, Don
Mathews, a 21-year-old physics
major from Northern Virginia, is
every bit of what you would ex-
pect a sailing leader to be. Don it
an environmentalist and enjoys
any sport that deals with the idea
of man versus nature.
He not only has an advanced
certification in scuba diving, but
he has also sky dived, lived in
Hawaii for five years and riden
those radical waves, winter moun-
taineered in Colorado, is an avid
mountain climber, and is now
focusing his energy on making the
ECU Sail Crab a University
recognized and supported
"Mastering the use of the
The aew ECU SeHag dab ha already attracted 40 members.
wind" is what excites him about
sailing. "This area has what it
takes � the people, the water �
we just need more sailboats
Mathews will be meeting with the
SGA for the fourth time to re-
quest $2,565 for it's already 40
members. If the SGA approves a
budget for the club, the funds will
go mostly toward sailboat rentals.
They also requested $500 from the
Intramural Department � the
maximum a first-year club is
allowed. A ten-dollar membership
fee per semester is required, but
Mathews says that the club will
consider waving the fee if any
member is willing to donate a
sailboat, or use of one, to the
In addition, the club will be in-
volved in some fundraisers. A
swimathon is a possibility, and a
car-wash is set for this Saturday
from 8 a.m. to 12 noon at the 10th
and Cotanche McDonalds.
A trip is already being planned
for late June. "A competitive club
is a possibility for the future, but
for now, the club is strictly recrea-
tional. Sailing isn't hard. With the
right equipment and training, the
only limitations are those you set
whv we didn't get bail.
The other aspect of the issue is
that the weapons can't be secured
from the nuclear armsrace. That's
not a non-issue; it is an issue.
Security is a myth � in a nuclear
age there is no security. The only
security that we really have is non-
violence. I felt bad because in one
of your letters you said that peo-
ple were disagreeing with our tac-
tics. This is one of the real stickler
points for me. Lots of people are
willing to be critical of the tactics
of the Pershing Plowshares �
breaking the law and destroying
property. I don't understand how
people take that particular agru-
ment when the U.S. government is
spending $300 billion a year on
building weapons that could blow
up the entire earth.
EC: Could you describe the condi-
tions in your jail?
PO: I basically want to say thisI
think that talking about the condi-
tions of prisons detracts from the
issue at hand. All I say about
prison is that this is another
dimension of the question of in-
justice and violence. People are
kept in prisons and jails under the
most miserable conditions, made
to be separated from their loved
ones, crammed into overcrowded
places. This is like an animal
shelter here, and that's the only
way to describe it. It's just a real
statement of the violence and in-
justice that we just accept in this
EC: In terms of the student
readers, I'm interested in some
particulars because I don 7 think
most students know what prison
life is like.
PO: Well, I think that prisons are
a carry-over from racism. Black
males represent about 5 percent of
the population in the U.S. Black
males represent more than 70 per-
cent of the population in U.S.
prisons and jails. Basically, what
we have here is a place to walk
away from the outcasts of society.
We don't have to provide people
with justice or jobswe just stick
them in jail.
Most of the people in jail are il-
literate. I spend a lot of my time
writing letters for people and
things like that. They're people
who just aren't skilled, and
they've been to every employment
office in the city ten times looking
for jobs, and they just can't get
them. And they're ex-cons and
just go back to the same economic
conditions that were there when
they went in. So there's a vicious
cycle of despair.
My self well, I've been locked
in this same room now for 40
dayshowever long I've been
herehaven't moved. The condi-
tions are just unreal. The noise is
unbearable, bugs are in my bed,
roaches are crawling on me at
night. It's something that's hard
to explain real graphically in
words. All I can say is it would be
equivalent to being locked in your
dorm room with four people and
never getting out of there. Being
in noise all the timehaving a
radio and a tv and electric fans go-
ing all the timenot being allow-
ed outnot being allowed to go
to recreationnot seeing the
sunlighthaving improper ven-
tilation � imagine what it must be
like. You know people don't like
to keep dogs penned in their back
yard, and this is human beings.
EC: Will you consider trying to
get the bail money up if it looks
like you'll be in court for a long
PO: Well, a probation violation
doesn't carry bail. Some Florida
attorneys have stepped forward to
give us advice on legal matters;
they're not going to represent us
� we'll be representing ourselves.
The best way to summarize the
whole thing is that the legal road
is going to be long and tedious,
and very possibly quite punitive.
We went on faith that when we
went in to Martin Marietta, you
know, we might be shot and kill-
ed. We have to go on faith at this
point to stick with until it's over.
We're going to speak the truth
in court. I think that the morale of
the people is very good, and we're
pleased too, that Martin Marietta
has admitted that components of
the Pershing II were hammered
on. So we fed good that disarma-
See O'NEILL, Page 6.

JUNE 6, 1984
O'Neill Awaiting Relief From Prison
ment has taken place. It's absurd.
We can beat swords into
plowshares all we want to, but un-
til people are really willing to lay
down their swords, any kind of
disarmament is a waste of time
because they'll just build more
swords. We don't see our action
as really a truthful act of disarma-
ment. In essence, disarmament is
really something that has to hap-
pen in our hearts, and until people
are willing to live in a world
without swords, disarmament
can't really happen. What we did
was very symbolic � we didn't go
in there. We had access to the
plant for about two hours, and
had we wanted to, we could have
lust trashed the place, maximized
damage, broken up lots of things.
We just opened up one kit in a
building where the Pershing com-
ponents were being shipped to
Germany. Once the kits get to
Germany, they are assembled by
U.S. army personnel trained here
at Martin Marietta. But we had
access to a whole warehouse full
of kits, but only opened up one kit
and took out the components and
hammered on them.
1 think it's important to stress
to people that we did intentionally
limit the damage on the equip-
ment because we wanted to make
sure there was a distinction bet-
ween us and vandals. Our state-
ment was a personal, non-violent,
symbolic one � we could have
just broken everything up for
hours, but the point was, we
weren't going in there trying to
maximize damage, but to convert
a Pershing II into a plowshare for
peace. Our position was, that even
if it was a box of nuts and bolts
belonging to a Pershing II, that
would suffice to make our state-
ment. I was disappointed that the
press, in particular, picked up a
lot on the insecurity of the plant.
EC: And that gave your action
the wrong emphasis?
PO: Well, yes, but not really.
That is a reasonable point. The
fact that one of the most destruc-
tive weapons on earth is that ac-
cessible to a bunch of unarmed
peaceniks does say something
about the insecurity of the arms
race. There are two aspects of
security here, and the first one is
that the weapons can't be secured
from somebody who has bad in-
tentions � someone who might
want to steal one of those
weapons. One of the inmates
spelled it out real well. He said,
"If you guys were terrorists, Mar-
tin Marietta wouldn't be there any
more That's about the size of it.
EC: Has the TV. C. press picked up
on your story?
PO: No. I think it's disgusting
that the N.C. Catholic and the
Daily Reflector considered this a
non-news item. 1 feel really
truthfully alone. This is a leap of
As for the people on the left
and journalists who consider that
when I talk about 50,000 people a
day dying of hunger as a cliche �
that alone says to me that if the
world can look at the fact that this
many people are dying each day,
that is absolutely unbelievable to
me. We've got to be willing to
stick our necks out once in a while
and ruffle people's feathers. It's
nice to express oneself through art
and music, but it's not going to
make the grade. We're not going
to make it unless people are will-
ing to take the risk and be criticiz-
ed for their beliefs. We've got to
be willing to take a risk � we've
got to take a risk. Especially to
people who know the truth �
we're about Jesus and we're about
faith, and we've got to do
Ladies Light
Ladies Free
till 11:00
All Summer
Thurs, Fri,& Sat.
Baltimore Rock At Its Best
the Temple of Doom
FOR SALE: 1981 vamahs Motor cycle, 1976 Hon
da Ovc, good condition Call 752-7258.
FOR SALE: Electric TypewriterRoyal 550, ex
ent condition 75' 6685 M F 8 5. 753 5919 nights.
see Linda
FOR SALE. 1973 Vega, excellent condition! $500
Call 758 0895 atter 5 30
MALE ROOMMATE WANTED, $87.50 rent one
half utilities, 1 mile from campus Call Doug at
752 1983 or 757 0187
RENT One room, male, Christian 409 Blltmore
St. Inquire in person.
ROOMS FOR RENT: Three available. $130 per
session TK E House 758 6822 or 752 7402.
ROOMS FOR RENT: in house close to campus, 2
blocks Share kitchen and bath Utilities split with
other renters Call after 8 p.m. 758 3545.
ig at home Call 756 360
Aorx your party for gratuities Call Mrs Holar
757 6752 or 758 1406
Townhouse apt Call 758 0620
share 2 bedroom
ROOMMATE NEEDED: for 3 bedroom house,
$l25 00month plus "3 utilities. Located across
from Overtons. Call 757 0458.
share 'j of utilities and phone. Females prefer
red For summer sessions only Phone: 752-2194.
MATT MCDONALD, How bout that Birthday?
Best of luck in the Fail C Hjc.
cAURlE hang In rnere You're almost finished
with one session Still missing you in Raleigh. KF
Half rent, half
utilities Call 355 6933.
1 OR 2 ROOMMATES wanted to share 2 bdrm.
apt. 1 block from campus E 11th Street. Call
758 4987
Subs. No. 7 Cheese, Pepperoni, and Ham
No. 8 Cheese, Salami, and Cappicola
For Only $2.79
Expires Sunday June 10th
ADULTS $2.00 TIL 5:30 � ffiSfftfiJl
7i 3J0; (,rMIU SquM� CanlM
Knds Thursda
Spinal Tap R.
Ends Thursday
Once Upon A Time
in America
.ii h.iii llllllllUlWHWWlrfV
2-5-8 -R- jl
Ends Thursday
ODD Bolls
1-3-5-7-9 -PG-
1 STARTS-11:30

.V9V�WSVV3��0�00�OC�OC-VA'AVJW.A�-��.� � � � �:�
51 2 E. 14th Street
Greenville, North Carolina
down from mens dorm on 14th
Specials For Only
$2.25 plus tax
includes 1 meat, 2 vegetables and
1 bread
We Serve Home Cooked Vegetables and Bread,
For take-outs Call 752-0476
12:00-2:2O-4:4O-7:00-9:20 and
11:30 Fri. -Sat.
If adventure has a
name, it must be
Indiana Jones.
1 purwets
William Shatner
DeForest Kelley
MM �� i�s :����
and 11:15 FriSat.
After guiding his team t
ECAC South Championship
a third-place finish in the N
regional playoffs, ECU bas
coach Hal Baird announcec
resignation last Thursday in
to become head coach at Ai
Baird was offered the
before his team departed fc
regionals almost two weeks
and said at the time he wol
happy to remain a: ECU
baseball budget was doublec
ECU only provided Baird
a quarter of the allowable N(
allowance for scholarship m
during the past sea
Auburn provides a full numl
When Director of j
Ken Karr was made aw;
Baird's request early last w�
said he would "do whaie
necessary to maintain a
baseball program at ECU
facn of tnese advertised tems n 'eawea to ce 'ma ,
avauaoie 'or sji in e�cn Kroger sav-oo e�ceoi as specifics
iy noted m tms ad if p 00 run out Of an irem a � a
'er vou your choice of a comoaraDie item wn?n avafiatne
rejecting tne same sayings or a raincnech yyncn win ent
tie you to Durcnase tne advertised item a; tne advertiser!
price yyltnln 50 days Oni one venae 'Occr M K
ceoteo oer item
�- -
s� . - - - -
600 Greenville Blvd - Greenville
Carlo Rossi
Pirate bead football caoeb
Monday that be intends to
Kobe L
ECU head swim coad
Kobe has announced the
of seven newcomers for nex
including a gold medal wn
the 1981 Deaf Olympics
Christine Holman of Chi
won a total of six medals
1981 Deaf Olympics held ii
ogne, Germany, and is rani
one of the world's best deaf
mers. She won one j: !
silver and one bronze meoal
Holman is also the
North Carolina state charri
several events and was a
National Qualifier.
The only other woman si
Jennifer Pierson of Hughtj
N.J who was a 198? an
Prep School AllAmerica.
have a faster freestyle relaj
Pierson. she's got National
tial said Kobe.
Heading the men is .iumj
lege transfer Keith Kaut of
ECU was one of three
accepted Sunday to the
Football .Association.
Also joining the Cl
Louisville and Cincinnati ,J
the organization's meml
The vote was held at th
annual meeting in Dallas
thirds vote was required
ceptance. and all three
passed without oppositioi
"This is an important
East Carolina in our attj
become on the nation's
ball programs said
Kan, ECU's director of
The CFA is compris
top conferences and ind
schools in the nation, wit j
ception of the schools
Pacific 10 and Big
The CFA also voted St
have a television pacl
neat month that wt
three telecasts each
most markets and w
school to have as many
its 1984 fames beamed
I MMftMMfc

WES and
of Doom
n3S 3
must be
resf Kef-
Sl 79
lushroom Or
rarlo Rossi
JUNE 6, 1984
Page 7
Budget Causes Baird's Resignation
Sporu Mlinr
fter guiding his team to an
C South Championship and
a third-place finish in the NCAA
ional playoffs, ECU baseball
tch Hal Baird announced his
gnation last Thursday in order
become head coach at Auburn.
Baird was ottered the job
ore his team departed for the
egionals almost tvo weeks ago,
said at the time he would be
py to remain at ECU if the
-rail budget was doubled.
ECU onl) provided Baird with
arter of the allowable NCAA
iwance for scholarship money
Junng the past season, while
V.iburn provides a full number of
When Director of Athletics Dr.
Ken Karr was made aware of
Baird request early last week he
said he would "do whatever is
ssary to maintain a strong
.jscball program at ECU But
as Baird pointed out in
Thursday's press conference,
nothing was done.
"They offered me a generous
salary (something he didn't ask
for), but there were no (budget)
adjustments that I could see
anytime in the near future Baird
said. "Perhaps East Carolina
feels it has turned the corner
financially because of the recent
success of the football program,
but not to the point of adding to
the baseball budget.
"Right now, I would say the
only other team that spends less in
the league than we do is William &
Mary Baird also compared his
budget with the other Division I
teams in North Carolina before he
departed for the NCAA's. "Out
of the ten teams, we're ninth at
best he said.
Baird said his team could have
been competitive with the present
budget, but he wasn't satisfied
wjth just winning the ECAC
"I wanted to go for the national
title, and I saw no reason why it
couldn't have been. With the
Hal Baird
freshman and sophomore players
we have, and a couple of good
recruits, we could dominate the
"But you need continuity
Baird interjected. "You need to
bring in a few good people each
year so that you don't have to
rebuild every year or so, like
we've had to do
Baird also added that all the
scholarship money for the upcom-
ing season has already been
distributed, and any additional
recruits will have to be walk-ons.
Another thing Baird found ap-
pealing about the Auburn job was
that he wouldn't be required to
teach any classes. Baird asked
Karr if the same could be done for
him at ECU, but once again, the
ex-major-leaguer's request wasn't
"They made an attempt to
reduce my class load he said,
"but it wasn't reduced to the
point where I was happy with it
Although it seems Baird would
have liked to remain at ECU
under the right conditions, there is
no doubt he is looking forward to
the challenge of rebuilding the
Auburn program.
"I've never had to build a pro-
gram Baird said. "I inherited a
good program when I came here,
but the Auburn situation is dif-
Auburn closed out their season
with a 27-24 record and placed
ninth in the Southeastern Con-
ference with an 8-13 league
Baird recommended that his
assistant, Gary Overton, be nam-
ed as the new coach. "Gary has
worked under five differnet
coaches as a manager, student
coach, graduate assistant and full
time assistant Baird said. "He's
been able to judge and pick and
choose as to what works and what
Baird's hope is that Overton is
named the new head coach before
the end of the week so as not to
wipe out the remainder of the
recruiting season.
Baird graduated from ECU in
1972 and then was signed by the
Kansas City Royals. He was
associated with the Roa!s
organization for seven years and
was twice named to the club's
40-man spring roster
Upon retiring from profes-
sional baseball Baird returned to
Greenville, where in 9"9 he was
named the new Pirate head coach.
Baird holds a 145-66-1 record in
five years at the Pirate helm, has
made three appearence in the
NCAA playoffs and has won two
out of a possible three ECAC
South Championships.
Baird's move will reunite him
with former Pirate football coach
Pat Dye, who presently serves as
the Auburn athletic director an
the man responsible for offering
Baird his new job.
The two former Pirate head
coaches and old friends met over
the weekend, and Baird said he
expects to move to Alabama I
good by the end of the month.
Miami Turned Down
Emory Remains As ECU Football Coach
Wmte head football caoch Fd Emory met with Miami's Athletic Director over the weekend, but announced
Monday that he intends to stay at ECU. announcea
Kobe Lands Great Prospects
ECU football coach Ed Emory
removed his name from con-
sideration for the vacant head
coaching job at the University of
Miami Monday.
"It is Ed Emory's desire to stay
at ECU and to meet the great
challenges of the '80s Emory
said in a Monday afternoon press
conference at the Pirates'
Strength Training Complex.
"(We want) to join forces with the
players, administration, sup-
porters, Pirate Club friends and
all friends to meet the great op-
portunities of today and tommor-
Emory had been mentioned
among a half-dozen or so can-
didates for the post vacated by
Howard Schnellenberger, who
resigned last month to become
head coach and general manager
of the U.S. Football League's
Washington Federals franchise,
which is expected to move to
Miami next year.
Several other candidates, in-
cluding Wisconsin coach Dave
McClain, Washington coach Don
James and Wyoming coach Al
Kincaid. had removed themselves
from consideration for the posi-
tion earlier.
Emory, entering his fifth season
at East Carolina, said he had been
contacted by Miami Athletic
Director Sam Jankowich more
than a week ago and did meet with
Jankowich to discuss the position.
Emory added, however, that con-
tract terms were never discussed
and that he was never offered the
job officially.
Last season's East Carolina
squad posted an 8-3 record � the
best mark in Emory's four
seasons � and the losses were to
Florida State, Miami and Florida
by a total of 12 points. All three
opponents were nationally ranked
in the top ten when they played
the Bucs, and Miami finished the
year as the national champions.
The Pirates finished the season
ranked No. 20 in The Associated
Press poll, the school's first ap-
pearance ever in the final nati
Top 20 ratings.
Emory called the East Carolina
football program "a dynarr
thriving, successful organization
that refuses to recognize any limit
to our chances of success.
"We will not put any limit on
our program expectations he
The Pirates recently added
Auburn, Penn State and LSI to
their 1985 and 1986 schedules
This year's slate includes a trip to
Pittsburgh and Florida State.
si.ff Wrtlrr
ECU head swim coach Rick
Kobe has announced the signing
I seven newcomers for next year,
ading a gold medal winner in
the 1981 Deaf Olympics.
Christine Holman of Charlotte
won a total of six medals in the
1981 Deaf Olympics held in Col-
e, Germany, and is ranked as
of the world's best deaf swim-
5. She won one gold, four
r and one bronze medal at the
Holman is also the reigning
North Carolina state champion in
everal events and was a Junior
National Qualifier.
The only other woman signee is
Jennifer Pierson of Hughtstown,
N.J who was a 1983 and 1984
p School All-America. "We'll
ave a faster freestyle relay with
Pierson, she's got National poten-
tial said Kobe.
Heading the men is junior col-
lege transfer Keith Kaut of Wilm-
ington, Del. Kaut was a 1983 and
1984 junior college Ail-America.
He was a finalist in the Junior
College nationals in three events,
the 50, 100 and 200-yard freestyle,
and won the 1983 NJCAA Cham-
pionships at 50 yards. He was a
three-time Junior National
qualifier. "Kaut is one of the
fastest sprinters around said
Others include: Lee Hicks of
High Point, a 1984 Junior Na-
tional qualifier in the 100 and
200-yard breathstroke and the
1984 runnerup in the N.C. state
championships in the 100-yard
breathstroke. "Hicks is the fastest
breathstroker in N.C Kobe
said. "He's another feather in our
Patrick Brennen out of the
Mecklenburg Aquatic Club of
Charlotte, a 1984 Junior National
qualifier in the 1,650-yard
freestlye and the 400-yard in-
dividual medley.
Breathstoker Alistair Smith of
Wheaton, Md a 1984 Junior Na-
tional qualifier. "Smith will be a
punch in the breathstroke said
And Bruce Brockschmidt of
Winchester, Va a three-time
Junior National qualifier and
scorer and one of the top swim-
mers in the state of Virginia.
"Bruce was our top recruit this
year, he's got National
potential said Kobe.
The ECU swimmers came off a
tremendous season last year with
a combined men's and women's
record of 17-8. "It was the best
season in ECU history, our swim-
mers broke several varsity and
freshman records Kobe said.
Nine girls qualified for the Na-
tionals and in addition Cyndi
Neuman was voted the top female
athlete by the Daily Reflector.
At the Eastern Championships
the Pirates placed second, a great
improvement from last years
See SWIM, Page 8
yMuu'uiuii vltt iitiA a "liTimitiHi'Miaii
Pirate Swim Coach Rick Kobe called his incoming freshmen the best he's ever had to come to ECU On'
recruit won a total of six medals at the 1981 Deaf Olympics in Cologne, Germany.
College Football Association Admits ECU
ECU was one of three schools
accepted Sunday to the College
1 ootball Association.
Also joining the CFA are
Louisville and Cincinnati, upping
the organization's membership to
The vote was held at the CFA's
annual meeting in Dallas. A two-
thirds vote was required for ac-
ceptance, and all three schools
passed without opposition.
"This is an important step for
last Carolina in our attempt to
become on the nation's top foot-
ball programs said Dr. Ken
Karr, ECU's director of athletics.
The CFA is comprised of the
top conferences and independent
schools in the nation, with the ex-
ception of the schools in the
Pacific 10 and Big 10 Con-
The CFA also voted Sunday to
have a television package ready
next month that would permit
three telecasts each Saturday in
most markets and would allow a
school to have as many as four of
its 1984 games beamed across the
Such a package would be
presented to the networks for
negotiation if the Supreme Court
strikes down the current NCAA
television contract, which is only
midway through an originally
planned four-year run.
The Supreme Court is expected
to rule on the matter sometime in
June, ending a two year legal bat-
tle over whether individual
schools have a right to negotiate
on their own rather than having
the NCAA do it.
Even if the schools do win the
suit, however, they are expected
to band together as one unit just
as they have in the NCAA.
"A few schools may not want
to do so said Southwest Con-
ference commissioner Fred
Jacoby. "But everybody
recognizes that it is in their best
interest to do so
The agent acting on behalf of
the schools would be the Football
Television Planning Committee-
made up of represenatives of the
63 members of the CFA as well as
members from the Pac-10 and
Big-10 (both of which have shunn-
ed CFA membership during that
organization's eight-year ex-
If the committee's plan is pur-
chased and implemented, the col-
lege football fan will likely see
three live telecasts each Saturday
� one in the early afternoon,
another in the late afternoon and
a third in the evening.
Two of those games would pro-
bably be presented on ABC and
CBS since those two networks
have made it known they want to
bid on the package just as they did
with the NCAA two years ago.
The third game would be
marketed either by an individual
school or a conference and in
most instances those games would
probably be played in the evening
and shown by either a cable net-
work or an assortment of stations
contracted for that particular con-
The plan would be voluntary, a
key since it was just that issue
which led the University of
Oklahoma and the University of
Georgia to file suit against the
NCAA in the first place.
But during the course of the
litigation, almost every athletic
department administrator who
has dealt with the networks has
found that the larger the group
that markets its games, the more
television money that group will
The plan agreed upon Sunday
allows an individual school to
have four of its games shown each
year and no school is guaranteed
an appearance.
Another key aspect of the plan
has to do with the area in which
an individual school or conference
may market its games for the so-
called "open window period
That is the one time slot each
Saturday that the networks
choose to skip � which will usual-
ly be the evening.
Some schools wanted to restrict
the marketing area for such games
to the region in which the par-
ticipating teams belong. Others
want those games shown to as
large a market as a school can
gather � even if it happens to be
nationwide on a cable network.
That issue was left for further
negotiating, although it appeared,
most favored having no restric-
tions for such telecasts.
"If we did restrict in any way
said Deloss Dodds, Texas athletic
director, "then it would rule out
the cable companies. We would
probably have a lawsuit filed
against us before the summer was
Highlights of the contingency
television plan adopted by the
College Football Association Sun-
day (to be proposed to television
networks in the event the Supreme
Court negates the current televi-
sion package):
Televised games would be
played in three time periods, two
of which would be negotiated with
the networks and one of which
would be left to various schools
andor conferences to negotiate
on their own. Those three time
periods would be approximately 1
p.m 4 p.m. and 8 p.m. Eastern
The time period during which
schools and conferences are free
to negotiate their own package is
expected to consist mostly of the
night time period. The extent to
which those separately negotiated
deals may be shown across the
country has yet to be resolved.
If one network buys the
package, it will be limited to bet-
ween 14 and 20 exposures for the
year. If two networks buy the
package, they will be limited to
between 10 and 14 exposures
each. The total number of actual
games televised would range from
64 to 76 per network with the
understanding that each network
would televise the same number of
A participation fee would be
paid to all institutions that volun-
tarily commit to the plan. An
amount equal to 25 percent of the
total revenue obtained from the
sale of the plan would be used to
establish that participation pool.
In an attempt to avoid anti-
trust problems that have plagued
the NCAA, the contingency plan
specifically states that it is volun-
tary. But every major-college
football-playing school is ex-
pected to be a part.

JUNE 6, 1984

Buffet Lovers, take your
Ueberroth: 'Soviet Boycott A Failure' n�� t.G
record 141 nations will attend the
Summer Games despite the
Soviet-led boycott that took 14
countries from the field, Olympic
organizers said Monday.
Peter Ueberroth, president of
the Los Angeles Olympic Organiz-
ing Committee, called the Soviet
boycott a "big failure" that hurts
only the athletes of the communist
He said 7,800 athletes will ar-
rive for the 23rd Olympiad to be
held July 28-Aug.l2. More than
9,500 were- expected before the
boycott was announced last
The last nine countries to accept
the invitations were Burma,
Equatorial Guinea, Jordan,
Lesotho, Madagascar, Seychelles,
Somalia, Tonga and Upper Volta.
"The boycott has a single suc-
cess � it's ability to hurt
athletes Ueberroth said at a
news conference. "But otherwise,
the boycott is a big failure. You
only have to meet one athlete of a
boycotting country to understand
the pain
Ueberroth said the Soviet
Union, which withdrew May 8 ac-
cusing the United States of
violating the Olympic charter and
failing to provide adequate securi-
ty for its athletes, has continued
to pressure African nations to pull
"There will be Soviet efforts to
force countries to change their
mind, which would be against
Olympic rules he said.
Ueberroth did not know what
sanctions the International Olym-
pic Committee might impose
against such late withdrawals.
The 14 boycotting countries
are: the Soviet Union,
Afghanistan, Bulgaria, Cuba,
Czechoslovakia, Ethiopia, East
Germany, Hungary, North
Korea, Laos, Mongolia, Poland,
Vietnam and South Yemen.
The LAOOC listed three countries
as not having responded to Olym-
pic invitations � Albania,
Angola, and Iran. Iran and
Albania announced long before
the boycott they would not par-
ticipate in the Games.
Competing Countries:
Algeria, Andorra, Antigua,
Argenina, Australia, Austria,
Bahamas, Bangladesh, Barbados,
Belgium, Belize, Benin, Bermuda,
Bhutan, Botswana, Brazil, British
Virginia Islands, Burma,
Cameroon, Canada, Cayman
Islands, Central Africa, Chad,
Chile, Peoples Rebublic of China,
Columbia, Congo, Costa Rica,
Cyprus, Denmark, Djibiouti,
Dominican Republic, Ecuador,
Egypt, El Salvador, Equatorial
Fiji, Finland, France, Gabon,
Gambia, Federal Republic of Ger-
many, Ghana, Great Britain,
Greece, Guatemala, Guinea,
Guyana, Haiti, Honduras, Hong
Kong, Iceland, India, Indonesia,
Iraq, Ireland, Israel, Italy, Ivory
Coast, Jamaica, Japan, Jordan,
Kenya, Kuwait, Lebanon,
Lesotho, Liberia, Libya,
Liechtenstein, Lusembourg,
Malawi, Malaysia, Mali, Malta,
Madagascar, Mauritania,
Mauritius, Mexico, Monaco,
Morocco, Mozambique.
Nepal, Netherlands,
Netherlands Antilles, New
Zealand, Nicaragua, Niger,
Nigeria, Norway, Oman,
Pakistan, Panama, Papua New
Guinea, Paraguay, Peru,
Phillipines, Portugal, Puerto
Rico, Qatar, Romania, Rwanda,
San Marino, Saudi Arabia,
Senegal, Seychelles, Sierra Leone,
Singapore, Solomon Islands,
Somalia, South Korea, Spain, Sri
Lanka, Sudan, Surinam,
Swaziland, Sweden, Switzerland,
Syria, Chinese Taipei, Tanzania,
Thailand, Togo, Tonga, Trinidad
and Tobago, Tunisia, Turkey,
The East Carolinian
Sports Writers
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Swim Team Is
Ready For '84
Continued From Page 7
twelfth place finish.
After a winning season like last
year's, coach Kobe feels that the
Pirates will continue to improve.
"We'll have to continue to add
more top teams to our schedule.
Next year will be our toughest
schedule with the addition of
some more top ranked teams
Florida State, N.C. State, UNC
and Navy are just a few top op-
ponents the Pirates will face next
Coach Kobe is enthusiastic
about the upcoming season and
feels it will be an outstanding one.
"We're faster this year with a
bumper crop of freshmen and
transfers. It's the best new group
of athletes I've had coming to
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The East Carolinian, June 6, 1984
East Carolina's student-run campus newspaper was first published in 1923 as the East Carolina Teachers College News (1923-1925). It has been re-named as The Teco Echo (1925, 1926-1952), East Carolinian (1952-1969), Fountainhead (1969-1979), and The East Carolinian (1969, 1979-present). It includes local, state, national, and international stories with a focus on campus events.
June 06, 1984
Original Format
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