The East Carolinian, July 31, 1980

Serving the campus community fur 54 vears.
6 Pages
Thursday, July 31, 1980
Creenville, N.C
Circulation 5,000
East To Join
Reagan Panel
A Campus Streetlight Gets A Little Help
from the night lighting in the Jenkins Art Building's large studios
Mendenhall Student Center To Offer New
Services, Programs For Fall Semester
N returning to campus this
fall maj find that things have stayed
the same at ECU. However, they
will find that there have been some
anges made at Mendenhall Stu-
ni (. enter
I he Mendenhall stall, in an ef-
fort to serve the university com-
munity better, has instigated some
changes in programs, as well as in
polie �
Beginning this tall, students will
have a place to eat their lunches and
to enjoy a film or two. According to
Wanda Yuhas, assistant program
director at Mendenhall, several film
shorts will be shown in the Coffee
House weekdays from 11:30 a m to
1:30 p.m.
Admission is free for the film
shorts, and any student or faculty
member is welcome, she said.
Among the many shorts to be shown
are the Mash Cordon serials. Abbot
and Costello, W.C. Fields and ex-
cerpts from the Ali-Shaver fight.
The first five weeks oi the fall
semester will be a trial run for this
program. Yuhas said. If the pro-
gram catches on, then it will be con-
tinued, she added.
new program
this tall will be
Family Fun Day. Yuhas explained
that one Saturday each month,
Mendenhall will sponsor the family
day in an effort to provide program-
ming for the non-traditional student
(that is. the student with a family.)
The first Family Fun Day will be
Sept. 20 from noon to 3 p.m. and
will offer reduced rates at the
recreation centers, games, prizes
and a movie geared for family view-
This fall will also see the return of
the Ice-Cream Bingo program.
Beginning Sept. 9 at 7 p.m the
university community will have the
opportunity to come out to
Mendenhall for some ice cream and
lift allows the wheelchair-bound stu-
dent to have access to the bowling
alley, she said.
Also, a close-captioned machine
will be installed in the television
screen at Mendenhall for the hear-
ing impaired student. The machine
will be installed sometime soon, she
A C-phone has also been installed
at the information desk at
Mendenhall. This phone, which is
connected to the main switchboard,
will allow the deaf student to "call
in" and find out what programs are
being offered at Mendenhall. Ac-
cording to Jackie Jackson, secretary
tor the office of programming, each
day's activities will be listed on the
phone. Deaf students will also be
pointed out that the student should
have his university I.D. since it is a
general university requirement.
Another change in ticket distribu-
tion concerns the amount of tickets
a student can obtain. In the past, a
student could only pick up one
ticket for an event. However, this
See MENDENHALL, page 2, col.l
M�fl VAriler
Dr. John East was recently ap-
pointed to an advisory panel on
domestic affairs for the Reagan
presidential campaign.
The panel, which also includes
such well-noted individuals as
economist Milton Friedman and
former Treasury Secretary William
Simon, will advise the Reagan cam-
paign on current trends and the
panel's opinion of them.
Dr. East, since 1966 a political
science professor at ECU, is running
for the U.S. Sena against Robert
'This panel will not meet as a
group but will consult with each
other by phone and then contact
Gov. Reagan or his staff East
said. 'The only time we would
possibly meet as a group would be
after the election, if Gov. Reagan is
East, a member of the Republican
National Committee, was present at
the Republican Convention in
Detroit this month, when the ap-
pointment to the panel was made.
Dr. East stated that he felt the
Reagan-Bush ticket "is a good,
strong ticket that can win in
November adding that the use of
the advisory panel could help the
campaign greatly.
When asked about the Bush
nomination he said, "1 think that
George Bush was a good choice, and
1 think that he will lend strength to
the ticket Although Dr. East
would have preferred former Presi-
dent Ford or Sen. Jesse Helms, he is
not unhappy with Bush. The "Ford
incident which Dr. East feels was
a media created event, "will have no
effect on the election bv November.
1 think President 1 ord made the
right decision. He made the best
choice for him Fast said.
"1 am pleased with the general
direction of the platform said
East about the 1980 Republ
platform. "I think that this countrv
needs to return to the leffersonian
principles on which this country was
founded � that is. a decentral
tion of government
On the issue of the 1 K p ink,
Dr. Fast stated that "the platform
gives the choice of having 1 R oi
having the same rights bv other
means without, for example, having
compulsive military service
Dr. last sees the future ot the
Republican partv as bright, flu- op-
timism is evidenced bv the current
rise in Republican registration na
tionally and in North Carolina. I he
current ratio of Democrats to
Republicans in North c arolina is
about 3.5 to 1.
Or. John East
Concerts MoneyNeeded
For Committee
Higher Rents Curtail Student Interest
phT InlITfr.V" ls?usc .edul" ab,e to use the system for an pro
gramming question they may have,
Jackson added.
Several policy changes have also
been made, according to C.
Rudolph Alexander, director of
Mendenhall. Beginning this fall, if a
student loses his university I.D he
may present his driver's license and
activity card when getting tickets. In
the past, the student had to present
the valid university l.D. before he
could pick up tickets. But Alexander
ed for once a month. Both the ice
cream bingo and Family Fun Day
are free and open to the university
These programs may take a while
to catch on, Yuhas added, since they
are new.
The handicapped student will also
find some major changes at
Mendenhall, according to Yuhas.
This summer, a hydraulic lift was
installed in the bowling alley. The
Apartment Plan Seems Doomed
Also, the university would have to
sign a three-year lease and accept
responsibility for the apartments.
According to Wooten, if ECU
had signed a lease, students would
pay about $55 more for a two
three students would be the max-
imum number that would be allow-
ed to live in a two bedroom apart-
ment. Each student would pay $600
per semester, or $150 per month.
The three students would be paying
ECU $450 total for the apartment.
But if a student rented the same
apartment independently, it would
cost $285 per month total. Three
students renting the apartment in-
dependent of ECU, then, would pay
$95 apiece.
By TIM (,11 ES
sun � nirr
lack o student interest and
economic factors have all but ter-
minated university plans to provide
off-campus housing, according to
Dan Wooten o ECU housing.
Housing for students this fall is
expected to be tight. The Depart-
ment o Housing at ECU had plann-
ed to accomodate extra students by
leasing Wilson Acres Apartments
and renting them to students. Fet-
ters were sent to dormitory students
about two weeks ago to find out
how many students would be in-
terested in renting from the universi-
ty. The letters also offered an exten-
sion for withdrawing from the dorm
contract to allow students to be
refunded their deposit on the room.
Approximately 3600 letters were
sent out to male and female
students. Only 67 persons respond-
One problem Housing faced con-
cerned the fact that they would have
to charge higher rent than the in-
dependent apartment owners. The
reason for the steeper rents is that
during the summer residence in the Secretary of Education Shirley M.
apartments would fall-off drastical- Hufstedler has announced a newly
ly. revised Basic Educational Oppor-
tunity Grant (BEOG) payment
������ schedule that schools will use in
calculating the amount of individual
f Tkn InciHo s,udenI �rants in the 1980-81
Vll � ��w llldlllw academic year. This schedule
- supersedes an earlier version sent to
schools in June.
Announcements 2 Th� Pa n,lChe?,U,e takes imo
Black Enrollment. 2 aCTnJ th! $,4011mJlon reduction
Editorials 4 2L5" tha' �" be avai,a for
Plav Review BI OC' for the Vcar wh,ch began on
p;im view Ju,y ! � Under ,his reduction each
populationI �� i�w-8i �� win
J $50.00 less than he or she would
Student housing will be difficult
to find this fall and the Housing
Department has noted that this year
more students than usual have been
trying to get dorm rooms. Because
the cost of a dorm room this fall
bedroom apartment. For example, semester will be $295, as opposed to
$500 per semester for a three
bedroom apartment or $600 for a
two bedroom apartment, a dorm
room is economically more attrac-
Another factor that may have
deterred student interest in the
apartments is that, besides kitchen
appliances, the apartments are un-
furnished. The kitchen appliances
consisted of a refrigerator and
Maff Wrilef
The Major Attractions Commit-
tee, which is responsible for all ma-
jor concert programming and fun-
ding at ECU, is faced with such a
devastating budget problem that
there will probably not be any big
concerts on campus during the com-
ing Fall semester.
Charles Sunc, chairperson of the
committee, explained that the
budget problem is part of a trend
that indicates the nation's recession
has hit the concert market.
"We're not the only ones having
problems said Sune, as he pointed
to a front page article in the July '80
issue of Billboard magazine headlin-
ed, "Like Records and Films, Con-
cert Business Droops He con-
tinued by saying that other univer-
sities across the state are also faced
with the drop in concert attendance.
The last academic year, 1979-80,
the Major Attractions Committee
lost approximately $25,000 on con-
certs, said Sune. The rock group
America was the first concert at
ECU last year,
November, and
resulted in
$15,000 loss for the Major Attrac-
tions Committee. Sune could not ex-
plain why the group was such a
loser, but said that the Unviersity of
Virginia lost the same amount of
money on the group when they
played there just a few davs after
they performed at LU.
The next concert was Nantucket
and Mother's Finest, who perform-
ed at the first of December. This
show resulted in a profit of about
$5,000, said Sune.
The rock group Toto appeared at
ECU in the spring. According to
Sune, this concert lost between
$5,000 and $6,000. He said the fact
that the concert was on a Thursday
night, and close to exams, may have
affected the poor turnout. "We
can't select the days for the con-
certs said Sune. "We had to get
the group at the first of a tour and
we feel Toto was a good selection
At the end of the spring semester,
the Major Attractions Committee
had $8,000 left in their budget. Sune
said they scheduled the Mother's
Finest concert in the summer to
make some money for the upcoming
year, Mother's Finest usually being
a big money maker. But things did
not go as planned. "Mother's finest
failed miserably said Sune. The
remaining $8,000 left in the budget
was lost.
Sune explained that unlike other
Student Union Committees, such as
the Films Committee and the Artist
Series Committee, the Major At-
tractions Committee gets no part of
the Student Union fees appropria-
tions. "We work on a break even
basis said Sune. A concert is
funded by the committee and they
just hope to break even on the deal.
he explained.
"The concert business is very
complicated said Sune. "Croups
decide they will tour to make
money. Then. ECU will get an otter
from that group to appear. They
want a flat fee and then a percentage
of gate money. For example, Toto
got a flat fee and then 60 percent ot
the gate. This percentage was con-
servative gate, as most groups get
about 70 or 80 percent. Firefall got
70 percent Sune emphasized.
See CONCERTS, page 2, col.5
Basic Grant Funds
Reduced This Year
receive if the program were fullv
Under the existing formula, ap-
proximately 50,000 applicants in
this low-income category were
found either ineligible for grants or
eligible only for small amounts. To
correct this situation before the
beginning of the fall term, the
Department will send these students
new eligibility reports that reflect
the revised income assessment for-
� The Basic Educational Oppor- Sid � Walk Slgfl PrOVOkeS AtltUGaVS pw.bmmaMr
�ion Ac, of ,965. .s amended. ,tong Gntk �?� .���& SScTSEU mSiASk

Discount Day
Fridays are savings days at
Mendenhall Student Center
Prices are ' j OFF every Friday
from 1 p.m until 4 p m for bowl
mg, billiards and table tennis
Make Friday your day to save and
have fun too with "Discount Day"
at Mendenhall
Video Game
Asteroids" is here The hottest
new video game is on campus for
you Come over to Mendenhall,
take a break from the heat and
test your space fighting ability
Mendenhali's summer hours are
8 30 a m 11 00 p m Monday, and
8 30 am 5 00 p m , Tuesday
Poetry Contest
A S1000 grand prize will be award
eo in the Sixth Annual Poetry
Competition sponsored by the
World of Poetry, a quai lerly
fM wsletter for poets
Poems of all styles and on any
subiect are eligible to compete for
ana prize or tor 49 other cash
or mercnandise awards
Poetry Editor Eddie Lou Cole
States We are encouraging
poetic talent of every kind, and ex
pect our contest to produce ex
ci'ing discoveries like Virginia
Bates, a housewife from Wood
bine, Md She won our grand prize
last year with her poen PIETA "
Rules and official entry forms
are available from World of
Poetry. 2431 Stockton Blvd , Dept
N, Sacramento, Cal 9S817
The Office of Handicapped Stu
dent Services is receiving applies
tions from students who are in
terested in becoming attendants to
wheelchair students and readers
for those who are visually nan
dicapped if interested, contact
C C Rowe, Coordinator of Han
dicapped Student Services.
Whichard Building. Room 211.
Phone 757 6799
Sponsors Needed
Students are needed to participate
as a sponsor on a short term basis
for incoming disabled students in
the fall Would require being able
to communicate on a one to one
basis with information concerning
campus, the com. lunity, while be
mg able to convey understanding
and support Excellent opportuni
ty for one to gain exposure to the
disabled on an interpersonal level
For more information call 758 5978
after 4.00 p.m
One necklace on the ECU mall the
night of July 13th when the All
Stars played A lacy agate sur
rounded by silver with the name
Les on the back Is a birthday pre
sent and belongs to Christine
Fisher Please call 758 8855 or
return to Les's shop on 5th Street
Reward Offered
Pancake Fest
The University City Kiwanis Club
of Greenville will hold its Third
Annual Pancake Festival on
September 10. 1980 This i� one of
the Club's community service pro
jects All proceeds will go towards
the Greenville Pitt County Boy's
Breakfast, lunch, supper or
snack will be served You can pur
chase your pancakes, sausage and
coffee (milk and orange juice also
available) between 6 00 a m and
7 30 p m on Wednesday.
September 10, in the parking
space of Kings and Wmn Dixie on
the 264 By Pass
Rain date has been sei for
Wednesday, September 17, at the
same location and times
Contact any University City
Kiwanis member or Charlie Ent
zminger, Chairman, 756 1212, or
Steve Evans, Publicity Chairman,
756 1111 for tickets or other infor
Summer Theatre
The Drama Department is now '
busy rehearsing for its Summer
Theatre productions, Same Time
Next Year and Vanities Due to the
renovations in progress, the Sum
ler Theatre will take place in A j
" letcher Hall Same Time Next
ear will run from July 28 Aug 2
Vanities will run from Aug 4 Aug
9 The cost to ECU students is S3
per ticket
Ushers Needed
if you would like to usher for the
ECU Summer Theatre produc
tions of Same Time Next Year
(July 28 Aug 2, 8 15 p m
matinee July 30, 2:15 p.m.) and
Vanities (Aug 4 9, 8:15 pm.
Matinee Aug 6, 2:15 p.m.), call
6390, or come by the box office in
the drama building See the pro
duction free as an usher in the air
conditioned A.J Fletcher Hall
Mendenhall Offers New Program
( on tinned from page 1
fall, as long as the stu-
dent has proper l.D.
and activity cards, he
may pick up as many
tickets as he has iden-
tifications, Alexander
Also, according to
Alexander, university
departments and
organizations will no
longer have to pay for
all the technicians they
use. In the past.
Mendenhall charged
for all technical help.
Now, one technician is
provided at no cost.
However, if more than
one technician is need-
ed, then the group or
organization must pay
for the additional ser-
vices. Off-campus
fciuups and non-
university organiza-
tions must pay for all
technical help, he add-
On Aug. 25 and 26
the Mendenhall staff
will sponsor an open
house. The first day is
set aside for faculty and
staff and the second is
set aside for students.
Mendenhall will pro-
vide free beer and
everyone is welcome,
Alexander said.
McGinnis Silhouette
Steel construction beams present a striking contrast against
the summer sky. The beams outline the future walls of the
new stage under construction at McGinnis since spring. The
renovations are expected to be complete b June, 1981. and
are estimated to cost around $1.9 million.
Black Enrollment Displaced By Hispanics
College Notes
TIONS have been accused of being front
organizations for CARP, the Unification
Church organization. At Northeastern U. in
Boston, where CARP was denied official
recognition for allegedly trying to skirt univer-
sity rules, a dance sponsored by the Vietnamese
Student Association was heavily promoted by
former CARP members. On other campuses,
says an ex-CARP member, followers of Rev.
Sun Mung Moon either sponsor or support
Vietnamese student organizations because both
groups share anti-communist goals.
and distributed by the Oakland U. residence
hall staff, aids Rochester, Mich mothers in
finding qualified sitters while also helping
students earn money. The directory lists each
interested student's name, address, age and ex-
perience and is sold for a small fee to communi-
ty groups and individuals.
A COPYRIGHT BATTLE against ABC televi-
sion was won recently by the Iowa State U.
Research Foundation. The foundation claimed
it owned the copyright on a film about ISU and
Olympic wrestler Dan Gable and that ABC us-
ed excerpts from the film on three telecasts
without proper authorization. A U.S. Court of
Appeals recently upheld an earlier damage
award requiring ABC to pay the foundation
$15,250 in damages and $17,500 in lawyers'
believed to be a first for a campus, is now in ef-
fect at the U. of California-Santa Barbara. The
policy incorporates lessons learned in a 1978
earthquake and is designed to eliminate 80 per-
cent of the injuries that could be expected
because of a moderate quake. It includes
emergency training for campus personnel, an
increased "earthquake awareness" program
for everyone on campus and a series of physical
changes that will make furniture, equipment
and supplies less vulnerable during a quake.
(Minn.) State U. shows that a slightly higher
percentage (53 to 49 percent) of male graduates
were clean-shaven in 1980 than in 1979. About
35 percent of the men had a mustache while 12
percent had both mustache and beard, an in-
crease of 7 percent since the first survey was
taken by Dr. J.H. Foefeen in 1977. This year,
Foegen's graduation ceremony observations
also included female shoe styles. About 40 per-
cent of the women wore heels of three inches or
more while 41 percent wore heels of less than
three inches and only 19 percent wore flat
pared to the early years
of the 1970s, the rate of
black enrollment in col-
leges and universities
has slowed con-
siderably. By contrast,
the recent participation
registered a 16 percent
increase among blacks
in the South � more
than double the in-
crease among blacks
"Trends among
black students are in-
of Hispanics in higher creasingly reflecting
education has increased those observed for the
substantially, par-
ticularly in Florida and
Texas, where nearly 9
out of 10 of the South's
Hispanic students are
Among black
students, full-time
enrollment actually
decreased slightly both
in the nation and the
South between 1976
and 1978 (the most re-
cent year for which
data is available), ac-
cording to a new report
from the Southern
Regional Education
Board (SREB).
However, these
declines were offset
somewhat by part-time
enrollments, which
student population as a
whole notes James
R. Mingle, SREB
research associate, in a
study of black and
Hispanic enrollment in
higher education.
By level of study,
black enrollment in the
nation and in the South
varied as follows bet-
ween 1976 and 1978:
�At the
undergraduate level,
Southern enrollment
statistics showed an in-
creased preference
among blacks for study
in agriculture, architec-
ture, engineering, en-
vironmental design and
natural resources, but
enrollments in the
biological sciences and
physical sciences
declined by 4 and 5 per-
cent, respectively.
� In graduate level
programs in the South,
the number of blacks
enrolled was unchang-
ed, but nationwide
there was a decline of
almost 3 percent.
�Black enrollment in
first professional pro-
grams in Southern in-
stitutions increased by
about 8 percent in the
two-year period, with
largest gains occurring
in dentistry and
veterinary medicine.
The institutions most
adversely affected by
the enrollment
slowdown are the tradi-
tionally black colleges
and universities, most
of which are located in
the South. This group
of institutions, which
registered numerical
declines in both full-
time and part-time
enrollment between
1976 and 1978, consists
typically of four-year,
residential institutions.
Of all black students
in the South, the
percentage attending
predominantly black
institutions ahs declin-
ed steadily over the past
20 years. However,
1978 signaled the first
numerical drop in total
enrollment in the tradi-
tionally black institu-
tions � about 4 per-
Among Hispanic
business and manage-
ment claimed a large
portion of all
enrollments in 1978 in
the nation and in the
South, but in the
sciences and in
engineering, Hispanic
participation is slight.
In 1978, for example,
Hispanics represented
1.3 percent
enrollments in
i e
ECU Concerts Hurt
By General Slump
College Costs
Slow Increase
The cost of higher
education is going up
again this fall, but a
survey by the College
Board indicates that the
rate of increase will be
slightly less than it was
last year.
According to the
survey of more than
3,200 schools, con-
ducted by the board's
College Scholarship
Service and released
Tuesday, total costs for
the 1980-81 academic
year at a private, four-
year college or universi-
ty will average $6,082
for a student who lives
on campus. That's an
increase of 10.3 percent
over the price for the
1979-80 academic year.
From the fall of 1978 to
the fall of 1979, the
cost of a year at a
private, four-year
school went up 10.6
The latest increase in
college costs, however,
is less than the overall
inflation rate, that is
expected to average
about 12 percent for
1980. Joe Paul Case,
director of program ad-
ministration for the
scholarship service,
said he was surprised
that the rise wasn't big-
ger, "considering the
way the rate of infla-
tion has escalated
Case said, however,
that students and their
parents � who pay 56
percent of the college
bill on the average �
will have increasing
trouble making ends
"If parents' incomes
don't keep pace with
inflation he said,
"the gap between the
amount they can pay
and the rising cost of
college will widen
Case said he did not
expect any increase in
federal aid programs
this year.
Continued from page 1
Sune also explained that the
facilities at ECU are not large
enough to attract major groups
here. There are 6,000 seats at
Minges Coliseum, compared to
17,000 at Greensboro Coliseum.
Obviously, groups will want to go to
larger facilities when they are coun-
ting on a percentage of the gate.
"We can't get superstars; we have
to get either rising acts or those that
are falling Sune said.
Furthermore, claimed Sune, the
location of ECU is undesirable. This
is a rural area that is not a major
money market. There are no major
airports here. "If the choice for a
group is to come here or go to Duke
University, they'll go to Duke
because it's a major money area
with three large universities near-
by Sune said.
Sune explained that there are a
few options for the prospects of
concerts at ECU for the coming
year. One alternative, Sune said, is
for ECU to get out of the concert
business. But he feels this alter-
native would not be a popular one
with the students.
Another option is for the Major
Attractions Committee to get
money from the Student Union Pro-
gram Board, which is made up of all
the Student Union Committees.
"For this to be a viable alter-
native said Sune, "other commit-
tees would have to make sacrifices
A third alternative is to terminate
the present University policy of not
allowing outside promoters on cam-
pus. But it could mean higher prices
and perhaps dissolving the Major
Attractions Committee, Sune said.
"If it meant dissolving the commit-
tee to keep concerts going, we
wouid he said. "We may decide
to go that route sometime during the
coming year and then get back in it
the next year
Sune went on to say that ad-
ministrators at ECU would prefer
that the Student Union get out of
the concert business because rock
groups' contracts are demanding
and complicated and difficult to
As for the immediate future, Sune
said that nothing can be done until
school gets back in and the Major
Attractions Committee can meet.
"We've been knocked down and
now we have to get back up he
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The East Carolinian
Tuesday Night
Family Night
Complete with Idaho King Baked
Potato, Texas Toast and Margarine
1 seoa e. ioth. st. TW-ggit
Storm Deaths Peak In Summer
Summer is the peak In the past 21 years,
time of year for 113 persons have died
lightning-related deaths from lightning in North
and injuries because of Carolina and 258 have
the number of seasonal
thunderstorms and
because many people
spend a lot of time out-
on lightning-caused
deaths and injuries in
the United States.
Precautions for
been injured, according avoiding lightning
to the National Oceanic dangers are relatively
and Atmospheric Ad-
ministration, which
compiles information
according to
J. Brennan,
public affairs
-M"k1 "mi tfM
If you are outdoors,
go inside a house or
large building, or get in
a car. If you must stay
outside, stay away
from metal objects that
can attract electricity,
including pipes, fences,
bicycles, golf clubs and
even railroad tracks,
which have been known
to carry lightning
charges long distances.
Also, stay away from
the ocean, lakes or
other bodies of water.
In wooded areas,
find a low-lying area
and avoid standing
near tall trees.
Fridays and Saturdays thru August
ki�fc.� �� � ��. " � m � � ��
� �� V "� �� �

City Benefits
From Students
V�k tdilur
ECU students, staff
and administrators
spend millions of
dollars each year in
Greenville, providing
the city with a solid-
economic base. But the
city also profits in other
ways from the universi-
ty community, especial-
ly at the beginning of
each decade, when the
nation � and Green-
ville � takes its head
Preliminary census
figures show that over
35,000 people live in
Greenville now, up
about 15 percent over
the 30,000 figure
reported in 1970.
Because state and
federal money is often
alloted to local govern-
ments based on popula-
tion, the thousands of
But it is difficult to
say, in terms of dollars
and cents, what the
presence of these
students means to
Greenville's share of
state and federal aid.
"It means quite a bit,
because the students
are counted just like the
people who live here
permanently said
Ben Shivar, Green-
ville's community
development director.
"The state-shared
revenue that we get is
based mostly on
population, and we
estimate that it comes
out to S20 per capita.
But the federal
revenue-sharing money
is based on a very com-
plex formula, and
population is only one
of the factors involv-
State-shared revenue
students who live in is money returned to
town and on campus local governments from
help fatten the city certain state taxes, ex-
budget by their very plained Shivar. Federal
estimate, at least 9,000
of them do, represen-
ting 25 percent of the
city's present popula-
tion. The preliminary
1980 census results list
about 5400 students in
the dormitories alone.
That means that
students account for at
least $180,000 of the
state-shared money, us-
ing Shivar's $20-per-
capita figure.
Gail Meeks, who
works with the Green-
ville budget office, said
that the city's total
budget last year was ap-
proximately $9.9
million. Most of the
money comes from
local taxes and other
grants from state or
federal government,
she said.
JULY 31,1910
School Sex Bias
Workshop Set
Greenville Census Workers
are tying up the last loose ends of their mission
Ml N��� Burra
"Quality and Equali-
ty in Education a
summer workshop for
teachers, will be co-
sponsored by ECU's
School of Education in
Nags Head August 6-8.
The program is ar-
ranged by the ECU Sex
Desegregation Training
Institute in cooperation
with the Southeast Sex
Assistance Center,
University of
and the N.C. Depart-
ment of Public Instruc-
Its purpose is to help
participating classroom
teachers, counselors
and school ad-
ministrators become
aware of the presence
and effects of sex bias
in schools and to ac-
quire knowledge of
ways to overcome this
Dr. Lillian Woo,
director of Project
Aware, Chapel Hill,
will give the opening
address, "Women: The
Promises and the Pro-
Other featured
speakers are Alexzena
Irving Furgess, assis-
tant director of the
University of South
Carolina's Title IX
Training Institute and
Dr. Karen Kale, Title
IX specialist at ECU.
Workshop topics in-
clude "Women in
History "Sex
Stereotypes and
Values "Textbook
"Vocational Educa-
tion: Career Choice
and Title IX" and
"Stress: Is There a Dif-
ference Between His
and Hers?"
Smokers Find It Hard To Kick Habit
presence here.
The size of the stu-
dent population in
Greenville has been
growing dramatically in
the last 30 years, accor-
ding to the city's census
data In 1950, only
1.904 students were
counted. In 1960, the
number had grown to
5.16 and by 1970, to
9,370. This fall, close
to 13.(KX) students will
attend I;CU.
revenue-sharing money
is given to state and
local governments to
use for any legal public
purpose. Last year,
Greenville received
$539,000 in federal
revenue-sharing funds,
and about $2.4 million
in various forms of
state-shared money.
Of course, not all
ECU students live in
Greenville. But based
on a conservative
Three out of four
smokers who quit even-
tually start smoking
again, most of them
because of withdrawal
symptoms. The tobac-
co withdrawal syn-
drome includes well-
known effects such as
increased anxiety and
irritability, metabolic
changes, and weight
gain. The most com-
monly reported and
probably the most
significant symptom is
a craving for tobacco.
In fact, 90 percent of
all smokers report a
severe tobacco craving
when they attempt to
In order to study
tobacco withdrawal
more . closely,
psychologists Saul Shif-
fman and Murray Jar-
vik conducted a UCLA
Canvassers Banned
Dorm Rules Redefined
study with 40 smokers
who participated in a
smoking cessation
clinic. For two weeks,
each subject completed
four daily question-
naires which the
psychologists used to
chart the withdrawal
What Shiffman and
Jarvik discovered was
that withdrawal symp-
toms varied according
to the method used to
help the smoker quit.
Half of the subjects
quit "cold turkey" and
half reduced their
smoking slowly.
Although both groups
initially reported-
similar symptoms, only
the "cold turkey"
group experienced a
large decrease in symp-
toms during the first
According to Shiff-
man and Jarvik,
"Smokers who cut
down their consump-
tion precipitate a
chronic state of
withdrawal. The
cigarettes indulged in
by smokers to attempt
to cut down may serve
only to prolong their
agony by intermittently
reinforcing their symp-
toms and their smoking
Family smoking
habits were also a
significant factor. Sub-
jects whose fathers did
not smoke were more
likely to successfully
quit than those whose
fathers were smokers.
The psychologists also
found that those who
smoked heavily at
social gatherings were
less able to quit suc-
cessfully, as were those
who smoked most
heavily during the even-
ing hours. The data
also showed that
smokers who had
previously been able to
quit on their own for
considerable time
periods were most like-
ly to be successful in
smoking cessation pro-
hrnrn Suliuna. �n- amptiN Krpurl-
The relationship bet-
ween educational in-
stitutions and outside
commercial or political
groups is being redefin-
ed following recent
court cases.
At issue are first
Amendment questions,
as well as legal defini-
tions concerning
private and public areas
within on campus
buildings, particularly
residence halls.
The Pennsylvania
Supreme Court ruled
recently that regula-
tions allowing students
to ban political can-
vassers from dor-
mitories are justified
because dorm hallways
and rooms are legally
private areas.
Princeton U. of-
ficials are still awaiting claims the university is
a New Jersey Supreme comparable to a
Court decision that
could determine if
private schools have the
right to regulate
political activity on
campus. The American
Civil Liberties union,
which entered the case
on behalf of a Labor
Party worker charged
with trespassing while
distributing literature.
"company town,
because students live
and work there. If the
court agrees, the
university may have to
extend free speech
guarantees to all per-
sons, even though the
campus is private pro-
Continuing Education Offers
Night And Weekend Courses
M I "Sr� Hurrim
Prospective college
students put on waiting
lists since ECU tem-
porarily suspended new
freshman admissions
can still enroll this fall
Study Explores Use Of Peat As Fuel
HI Nc� Hurra u
East Carolina
University and Tex-
asgulf Inc. have been
awarded a $40,000 con-
tract by the North
Carolina Energy In-
stitute to study utiliza- plants.
tion of peat as a fuel. Texasgulf has
The main purpose of already demonstrated
this study is to develop that ground peat with a
methods of utilizing
North Carolina peat as
a fuel in standard
equipment that might
be found in industrial
moisture content of 30
percent can be burned
in their calciners by us-
ing an eductor to in-
troduce the solid peat
into the air stream of
the burner. This infor-
mation will be extended
by studying the prac-
ticality of introducing
solid peat into an in-
dustrial boiler equipped
to burn a solid fuel.
vestigators said that
eastern North Carolina
is rich in peat deposits
and there has been no
major attempt to use
this peat as a fuel. If
this study is successful
A second goal of this it will provide an alter-
study is to develop an native to foreign oil
industrial fuel based on
suspensions of peat
with fuel oil and peat
with methanol.
The principal in-
and provide a means
for the immediate use
of natural resources of
the state.
The contract with the
through the campus'
University College.
About two years of
general college credits
can be earned in even-
ing and weekend classes
offered through
University College, said
Allen Churchill of the
ECU Division of Conti-
nuing Education.
This fall's course of-
ferings include
freshman and
sophomore level classes
in English, psychology,
geography, history, art,
mathematics, health,
political science,
speech, coastal marine
studies, music, business
business education, ac-
counting and
The University Col-
state was developed by iege provides an oppor-
Brooks Whitehurst (left) of Texasgulf, and Drs. George Evans and Don
Clemens of ECU's department of chemistry demonstrate the burning
capability of peat, a decomposed vegetable material found in great abun-
dance in North Carolina.
The East Carolinian
Serving the campus commumiy
for 54 years.
Published every Tuesday and
Thursday during the academic
year and every Thursday during
the summer.
The East Carolinian is the of
ficial newspaper of East
Carolina University, owned,
operated, and published for and
by the students of East Carolina
Subscription Rates
Business135 yearly
All others$25 yearly
Second class postage paid at
Greenville, N.C.
The East Carolinian offices
are located in the Old South
Building on the campus of ECU,
Greenville. N.C.
Telephone: 75 43M, 437, 6309
Brooks Whitehurst of
Texasgulf and Donald
Clemens and George
Evans of the Chemistry
Department, ECU.
tunity for persons
within commuting
distance of Greenville
to earn college credit in
classes. Completion of
high school is the only
requirement for admis-
After the initial $10
application fee, Univer-
sity College students
are charged $19 pet
semester hour (NortI
Carolina residents) anc
a $5 registration fee
The only other cost v.
the purchase of tex
tbooks, which varies
with individual courses.
Registration for
University College's
fall semester courses is
scheduled for August
26, from 8 a.m. until
6:30 p.m. in Erwin Hall
on the west end of tic
ECU campus.
Further informatior
about University Col-
lege is available by con-
tacting the Division ol
Continuing Education
evening and Saturday at ECU (757-6324.)
Retread Tires
East Carolinian
is accepting applications from students
interested in contributing to our
News, Features and Sports
columns during the coming school year.
If you can offer good basic writing skills,
we can offer training in newspaper writing
� and a chance to earn.
Apply at our office
in the Publications Building.
All size

mpOOOdrieh Coggliw Cor Cor.
Of the motivational
characteristics studied,
the psychologists found
that smokers who quit
"because a significant
other wanted them to
do so were more suc-
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. -
3tye Eaat Carolinian
Serving the campus community for 54 years.
Richard Grehn. vcnem vower
ROBl RT M. SWAIM, l,rear�i Advermmn CHARLES SUNE, tdnonal Page Ednoi
Nicky Francis, ���,� wu�r Candi Harrington, &�
George Hettkh. (�� tmt Terry Gray, ��td,�r
Anita Lancasti r, w.�m uanuw Steve Bachner, tntum tduor
July 31, 1980
Page 4
Student Life Office
Vs. Student Supply Store
When students return to campus
this fall they will no doubt know
what day of the week it is. As it
stands now, there will be roughly
28,000 calendars printed by three
different organizations. There will
be enough calendars for every stu-
dent to have two, with some left
Two of the three organizations
printing calendars have been doing
so for several years. The Student
Supply Store has been printing its
calendar for the last 10 years, while
the Student Union has been printing
its calendar for the last four years.
The Office of Student Life, on the
other hand, is printing its combina-
tion calendarhandbook for the
first time.
HIS CourJTtys
GOfoGTD for y
l0H�fct 90 l
G6TIMk ?
Does the university need another
calendar? Furthermore, does the
University have a need for the type
of calendar that Student Life
When there are so many calen-
dars already being printed, it's hard
to justify yet another calendar.
However, as Dr. Elmer Meyer, vice
chancellor for Student Life main-
tains, students do need a place
where they can find listings of the
various student services.
The larger question is does the
university need to continue the Stu-
dent Supply Store calendar? Does
the Supply Store calendar list any
information that students couldn't
otherwise learn from another
The Student Supply Store has
prepared its calendar for the last 10
years. The calendar has been used as
more of an advertising tool than a
place to inform students of campus
events. As a matter of fact,
Mendenhall Student Center has
prepared the list of events and then
given that information to the Supp-
ly Store to print in their calendar.
Meyer's calendar seems to be long
past due.
Now, perhaps students will know
what student services are available
to them. And there is little doubt
I that this coming year, students will
know the correct day of the week.
Democrats Vote To Remove
Anderson From N.C. Ballot
The State Board of Elections
voted Tuesday to bar independent
presidential candidate John Ander-
son's name from appearing on the
state's general election ballot. The
vote was 3-2 and went along party
The decision to remove Ander-
son's name from the ballot means
that many North Carolinians will
have no alternative candidate this
fall. What will this action mean to
the thousands who are disillusioned
with President Carter and to those
who are unable to support Ronald
In all likelihood, many will opt
not to vote.
In the coming months, the
American people will learn more
about the candidates. Americans
will learn more about the man Es-
quire magazine called "a nap man"
and more about "Billygate
It is apparent that the Democrats
did not want to give North Caroli-
nians a choice this fall. It isn't
enough that the Carter people don't
want to open up the Democratic
convention to allow for the selection
of a candidate who would better
represent the party; they are now set
on stopping independent candidate
John Anderson from appearing on
the ballot this fall.
The Democrats have plenty of
good reasons for wanting Anderson
off the ballot. They know they are
in serious trouble and Anderson
would more likely take votes from a
moderate like Carter that from a
reactionary like Reagan.
Under the guise of following state
law, the Democrats have attempted
to save an election that appears
already to be lost.
NCPA Aids Student Newspapers
(General Manager
Three East Carolinian staff members
and one member of the ECU Media Board
attended a North Carolina Press Associa-
tion (NCPA) convention July 24-26 in
Asheville, N.C. Although the paper has
been represented at NCPA conventions in
the past as an associate member, we are
now the first student publication to achieve
full-time status.
1 was very surprised to discover that we
are the only student newspaper to push for
a full-time membership and succeed. There
was some opposition among the smaller
newspapers in the state because they
thought we would be just one more com-
petitor for awards. That's almost a compli-
m e n t .
Some NCPA members are The
Charlotte Observer, The Washington Dai-
ly News, The Fayetteville Observer, The
Salisbury Post, and the Durham Morning
Most of the editors and publishers we
spoke with were also surprised that other
student papers had not sought member-
ship. I'm certainly glad The East Caroli-
nian did.
The greatest benefit to any NCPA
newspaper is the strength that all North
Carolina newspapers wield in the battle to
maintain freedom of the press. The
association retains a legal counsel (some
call him a lobbyist) in the state legislature
to keep an eye on any bill which could ef-
fect journalists' rights and to report that
information in the association's publica-
tion, The North Carolina Press.
Perhaps of greatest service to college
newspapers is William C. Lassiter, NCPA
general counsel. Lassiter is only a phone
call away with 41-years of experience in
solving journalists' legal problems, in-
cluding libel, freedom of information, and
open-meetings laws. You wouldn't believe
how many times a collegiate journalist
needs that experience on his side.
The NCPA conventions are also a great
way for collegiate journalists to learn. As
is common at most conventions, more is
learned after the formal meetings, with
refreshment in hand, talking with people
like Frank Daniels, publisher of The News
and Observer; Walter Phillips, editor o
the Carteret County News-Times; or Arm-
field Coffey, editor of the Watauga
Democrat .
For ECU students interested in jour-
nalism, NCPA membership is another
bonus offered through The 1 ast Caroli-
Heck, X'm not
Sweat i nq V.aT exam
Ive got c Sol& U.
into It ft
Carter Offers Americans No Hope
Billygate will mean very little. Everyone
knew that he was a boob all along, and you
cannot fault Jimmy for his brother's ac-
tions. Jimmy has enough of his own. Even
if the involvement in the scandal proceeds
all the way to the presidency, it will pro-
bably have a minimal effect on the elec-
tion. One cannot add insult to injury when
the injury is fatal.
The two main tenets of Carter's plat-
form will be selling his experience and in-
stilling a fear of a Reagan presidency. So it
looks as though he will have to rely on
Reagonophobia because he has little to of-
fer in the area of experience. His first term
has consisted of broken dreams, empty
promises, vacillation and limp policies. He
has proven to be the very things that he
campaigned against in the 1976 election.
A mid-June N.Y. Times CBS News Poll
asked over 1500 adults this question:
"Whether or not you agree with him, do
you think Jimmy Carter's positions on the
issues are firm and consistent?" Only 40
percent said "yes while 53 percent said
"no Reagan, Anderson and even Ken-
nedy had higher ratings than Carter on
consistency. Nine percent identified the
quality they disliked most about Jimmy
was his indecisiveness. What seems to scare
people the most about Carter is the fact
that they have absolutely no idea how he
will react in a crisis.
Let's take a brief look at Carter's record
on crucial issues. His biggest flip-flop was
on the U.N. issue on Israel, but his policy
toward the Iranians has been the most
vacuous. His campaign said that
unemployment would never be used to
fight inflation; that was just an empty pro-
mise, like so many others. First he said
"Don't Spend then he said "OOPS!
Spend He swore that tax cuts were out
and that we must reduce defense-spending.
But when Reagan gained popularity,
Carter changed his tune.
In 1976, Carter offered the voter a
government "as honest and truthful and
decent and fair and competent and
idealistic and compassionate and as full of
love as are the American people He also
promised never to lie or to make a
misleading statement or to avoid a con-
troversial issue. Four years later 1 wonder
what happened to those promises. Were
they just idealistic dreams that bit the dust
in the bitter world of the American
Human rights were an integral part of
this upright campaign, but Carter has not
taken hard steps to reinforce his rhetoric
when he had the chance. His role in Billy's
grandiose scheme has not yet been fully ex-
amined, but already things are looking bad
for the "honest politician Jimmy sought
to eliminate wasteful water projects, but
when some were discovered to be pet pro-
jects of Russell Long or John Stennis, they
were deleted from the hit list. Carter re-
jected judicial nominee Archibald Cox,
who has received high bi-partisan acclaim,
when Cox was discovered to have been
sponsored by Ted Kennedy. Carter's elec-
toral campaign of Rose Garden tactics has
been viewed by many as political skulldug-
gery, but desperate times call for desperate
Carter insists that he never makes deci-
sions about government according to his
political concerns, and this contention has
aroused much public skepticism. CBS
News questioned Carter on this point by
offering evidence that each significant an-
nouncement or "breakthrough" in the Ira-
nian dilemma has coincided perfectly with
various state primaries. Jewish organiza-
tions expect that as soon as the elections
are over, Carter will take an extremely
hard line against the Begin government.
Both his stand on registration and on the
Olympic boycott are seen by some as hav-
ing distinctly political overtones. Some
have inferred that the "rescue mission"
could have been the ultimate political
Part of Carter's problem is his consis-
tent use of negative superlatives.
Everything is the "gravest the "worst"
or the "most severe" the nation has ever
endured. This tendency has brought about
a sort of fatalistic resignation among
Americans and has given the Republicans
their most viable tool against the ad
ministration. Are the problems so deep, or
are these the attempts of an inept ad-
ministration to buy time?
All of these problems are creating a cry
from Democrats for an open convention,
but Carter delegates would sooner die than
allow that to happen. They are now trying
desperately to change the rules of the
Democratic Convention and bind delegate
to candidates according to the primaries
Times are quickly changing, and for the
first time since Nixon, more Americans are
willing to vote Republican than
Democratic. An open convention would
probably reaffirm Carter and build
Democratic solidarity for a tough struggle
against Reagan.
Wouldn't it be nice, however, if Ken
nedy were nominated and we could have a
clear-cut ideological struggle for control of
our nation?
Forum Rules
The East Carolinian welcomes letters
expressing all points of view. Mail or
drop them by our office in the Old South
Building, across from the library.
Letters must include the name, major
and classification, address, phone
number and signature of the author(s).
Letters should be limited to three
typewritten pages, double-spaced or
neatly printed. All letters are subject to
editing for brevity, obcenity and libel.
Letters by the same author are limited to
one each 30 days (14 during summer ses-
Personal attacks will not be permit-
ted. Names of authors will be withheld
only when inclusion of the name will
cause the author embarrassment or
ridicule, such as letters concerning
homosexuality, drug abuse, etc. Names
will be withheld only tm the author's re-

-� ��,����

JULY 31, 1980
Page 5
Summer Theatre Mauls
'Same Time Next Year9
Assistant m� ditor
Same Time, Next Year opened
Monday night. Perhaps it should
also have closed Monday night.
Well, that's not exactly fair. There
are some good points to the play,
but they are qualities that are in-
herent in the script and not
necessarily in this production.
The comedy, produced by East
Carolina Summer Theatre and
directed by Edgar Zoessin, is about
a man and a woman who, over the
course of 25 years, carry on a once-
a year affair. Bernard Slade's script
is witty, fast-paced, realis'ic, and
The play is full of one-liners that
leave behind a stunning impact on
the audience, or at least they should.
The play requires a sincere and com-
plete unity from the actors. The suc-
cess of the script screams for a
superb sense of timing and coopera-
tion. Loessin's production, pitiful-
ly, lacks all of this.
Del Lewis as George, gives by far
the best performance. His sense of
timing and delivery are mainly on
the mark. What he desperately lacks
is support from Amanda Muir, who
plays Doris, his once-a-year lover.
Muir seems to be more than in-
adequate in the role. She frantically
flails about the stage, desperately
searching for her character. Unfor-
tunately for the audience, if she has
a character, it is never seen. Her
part comes off as insincere, flat and
void of any real animation.
Instead of providing a real human
character with whom Lewis' more
developed character can act and
react to, what she achieves is merely
a one-dimensional manequin
delivering lines that become even
flatter and more lifeless as the even-
ing progresses. Lewis' part finds no
help or haven in Muir's dismal per-
formance. One would think he
would do better with the character
of Helen, his wife, who exists in
theory only.
Had there been two fully
developed and functioning
characters on stage Monday night,
success would not be in question.
The script is good enough on its own
merit. All it needed was a little help.
Even Muir couldn't help but get
laughs at times, through no effort
on her part, I should add.
The best moments of this produc-
tion occur when Lewis is alone on
stage. Then he doesn't have to
worry about Muir's non-character.
However, Lewis runs into dif-
ficulty also. The play is basically a
comedy, but there is a serious vein
that runs underneath and at times
surfaces to punctuate the laughter
with a gut-rending twist.
See FAILS, Page 6, col. 5
Lewis is on the mark; Amanda Muir is inadequate in
her role. What could have been an excellent theatrical
event was, instead, a poorly planned and half-executed
Hidden Fat Lurks Within Our Diets
VI . Times t�� srske
S YORK � If there is one nutrient that has the
decks stacked against it, it's fat.
The typical American diet has a higher fat content
than nearly any other in the world. While agreement on
this issue is not universal, many scientists blame this
rugh-fat diet for a number of our chronic health pro-
blems and killing diseases, among them heart disease,
obesity and possibly cancers of the colon and breast.
Fat is a more concentrated source of calories than any
other nutrient and thus is the most fattening foodstuff
we regularly consume. A gram of dietary' fat supplies
the body with nine calories, compared to only four
calories per gram of carbohydrates or protein.
Even alcohol has fewer calories (seven per gram) than
fat. Thus, cutting down on fats is one of the best vys
to reduce caloric intake and achieve and maintain a nor-
mal body weight.
At the turn of the century, fat accounted for about 32
percent of the calories consumed by the average
American. Today, more than 40 percent of our calories
come from fat. We eat a lot more cholesterol-lowering
polyunsaturated vegetable fats than we used to, but we
haven't cut back much on cholesterol-raising saturated
fats, which come mainlv from animal foods.
Most of the fat we eat is superfluous from a nutri-
tional standpoint. To meet basic nutritional needs, we
need to eat only one tablespoon of a polyunsaturated oil
each day. This supplies the essential fatty acid, linoleic
acid, and helps you absorb fat-soluble vitamins.
However, the average American adult eats six to eight
times this amount of fat. Thus, fat is a major source of
nutritionally empty calories for millions of Americans.
hard-to-notice marbling in meat. It is an integral part of
hard cheeses and cream cheese, fish, deep-fried foods,
nuts, seeds, cream soups, ice cream and chocolate.
It is a major ingredient in a wide variety of factory-
prepared products, including baked goods (especially
cakes, pies and cookies), processed meats (frankfurters,
bologna and the like), instant meals, coffee whiteners,
whipped tODDings, snack foods and granolas. Even one
"Although as a nation we have become very fat-conscious in recent years,
most people consume far more fat than they realize. "
Hidden Fat
Although as a nation we have become very fat-
conscious in recent years, most people consume far
more fat than they realize. This is because only about a
third of the fat we eat is so-called visible fat, such as the
hunks or strips of hard fat on meat, the fats and oils we
use in cooking and seasoning our foods, and the oil-
based dressings we pour on salads.
Most of the fat in our diets is hidden fat. It is the
popular diet product, Pillsbury's Figurines, has fat as its
main ingredient.
The meals you eat in restaurants also may contain far
more fat than you may suspect. You may pass up the
butter on your bread, the sour cream for your baked
potato and dishes that are deep-fried. But your soup,
gravy and sauces may be swimming with hidden fat;
your steak (already three-fourths fat calories) or your
fish may be broiled with butter; your salad may be load-
ed with a fatty dressing, and your rich desserts may con-
tain far more fat than sugar.
Heavy Health Foods
Even those who advocate more healthful diets that
are not overly dependent on red meat often substitute
fattier foods than the ones they reject. Examples include
the quiches, avocado salads, nuts and seeds, nut butters,
sesame paste and granolas featured in health-food
restaurants and stores.
A quiche is made from cheese in which three-fourths
of the calories come from fat, cream in which nearly all
the calories are fat and pie crust in which more than half
the calories are fat calories.
Similarly, 85 percent of the calories in nuts come
from fats and three-fourths of the calories in seeds (for
example, sunflower seeds) and avocados are fat
calories. Whereas most breakfast cereals are very low in
fat, granolas derive about a third of their calories from
the fat in nuts, seeds, coconut and added oil.
Figuring How Much
It is difficult to know how much fat might be contain-
ed in most processed foods. Check the list of ingredients
on the label; ingredients are listed in order of their pro-
See FAT Page 6, Col. 1
Film View
Echoes of Hitchcock:
De Palma's Thriller
'Dressed To Kill'
? c�lurr I- dilor
"Dressed to Kill" is being pro-
moted as a routine shocker of the
kind that has made its
distributor, American-
International, rich and infamous.
Bui it is much, much more�and
more interesting�than that. It is
another homage by a very gifted,
if a bit erratic, y6ung director,
Brian de Palma ("Phantom of
the Paradise "Carrie "The
Fury"), to one of the cinema's
genuine masters, the late Alfred
The theme is Hitchcockian: a
demonstration of the way private
sexual obsession has a way of
spilling over into public, with
murderous consequences
("Vertigo"). There are the inno-
cent bystanders drawn
dangerously into a closely woven
criminal web ("The Man Who
Knew Too Much"). Even the
murder that is the film's central
incident�a perhaps too ghastly
knifing�reminds us of the
famous shower-bath murder in
"Psycho as does a splendid,
spooky score that is reminiscent
of the score done for "Psycho"
by that film's masterful com-
poser, the late Bernard Herr-
More important than these
specific references to glories past,
however, is the Hitchcockian
discipline De Palma brings to his
storytelling, ihe delicate balance
between humor and horror with
which he permits it to unfold,
and the suspenseful way he lets
the audience in on the plot's
secret before his characters tum-
ble in to it.
De Palma's story is about a
schizoid killer who dons wig and
women's clothing before he rips
his victims to shreds with a
straight-razor. Not unlike Hit-
chcock, De Palma plays games
with the audience, keeping his
viewer wondering whether or not
the next murder will be as violent
and gory as the first. Certainly,
this is the director's most com-
plete tribute to a single film.
Each scene manages to top the
last, building to a weirdly plausi-
ble and marvelously original
The characters are all
believable enough, though there
is very little dialogue. Like
"Psycho this is a filmmakers
film: an almost purely visual ef-
fort that uses the camera as its
main player�if audiences are
aroused, moved, or frightened it
won't be because of a perfor-
mance or because of the
dialogue. "Dressed to Kill" is
pure file.
But even the parts of the script
thai do give the principle players
a chance to act allude to other
Hitchcock works, especially an
earnest and somewhat dimwitted
lecture by the film's psychiatrist
(Michael Cainc) explicating the
medical and psychological pro-
"Each scene manages to top the last, building to a wierdly plausible
and marvelously original crescendo
blems of some of his patients
De Palma's New York location
work in this film, as it has in the
past, reveals facets of an over-
familiar urban landscape un-
touched by other filmmakers.
There is an appealing perfor-
mance by Nancy Allen (Mrs.
Brian de Palma in real life) as a
high-class call girl whose cries of
"Wolf, wolf go unheeded until
it is almost too late. And Caine is
See FILM, Page 6, eol. 8
Ain't No Cure For
The Summertime Blues,
Except September
Assistant Kealurrs Kdilor
Another summer in Greenville (as
well as everywhere else) is nearing its
end. If I were one of those typical
young people who splash around in
mountain streams drinking beer or
soft drinks all summer on one of
millions of TV commercials, I'd be
upset about summer's ending. Since
I can't afford to go to the moun-
tains, or even buy beer or soft
drinks, I'm pretty much looking
forward to the fall.
Lest you think I'm some sort of
summertime Scrooge who gives bad
reviews to this wonderful and
carefree season, I will mention some
nice things about summer, too.
For instance, this, my first sum-
mer in Greenville, has dispelled
many myths I've always believed
about Greenville summers.
I learned that the local mos-
quitoes aren't really large enough to
carry off even small dogs. They are
neither potbellied nor bulletproof.
They never fly in such numbers as to
blot out the sun.
People often say that "nobody's
here in the summer That is ob-
viously false, since I'm here writing
this article and you're out there
reading it.
People also claim that it's hotter
here in the summer, or that it rains
more, or things like that. In reality,
it is going to be hot anywhere,
unless you sit in front of an air con-
Of course, many myths have a
basis in reality. One example is the
myth that says that there is nothing
to do during the summer in Green-
ville. (This statement brings up an
interesting question: if something is
true, is it still a myth?)
Sometimes, it's nice to go into a
bar with only four people in it, if
you like solitude. A party with half
a dozen people is economical, since
the keg will last for about a week.
Economy is important in sum-
mertime, since most students have
even less money than usual. And
since Greenville operates on a
skeleton crew over the summer,
there are not too many jobs around.
1 have a few friends who are work-
ing full-time, but they are too burnt-
put from getting up at six in the
morning to really enjoy spendmg
the money.
You know it's been a slow sum-
mer when one of the high points is
going home for medical and dental
appointments. It can be dangerous,
too, since last summer 1 nearly froze
to death at my doctor's office. He
was upset over creeping socialism
and the President's temperature
regulation. If you remember, ther-
mostats can't be set under 78
degrees F (or something like that) in
the summer. Anyway, doctors were
exempt from that rule, so my doctor
set his office temperature at about
45 degrees, just out of spite.
Going to the dentist in the sum-
mer isn't so bad, since mine is
reasonable about his temperature
setting, if he wouldn't ask me ques-
tions when he has all those dental
tools and machine parts in my
mouth, everything would be perfect.
See BLUES, Page 6 eol. 6

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Suspicious Ashtrays
Used By Smugglers
C"0 f�� yrm,
MIAMI - The young couple from Denver ap-
proached the harried customs inspector at Miami
International Airport and plopped their suitcase
on the counter.
They were self-assured and confident Thev
were well dressed. Their luggage was by Gucci
Colombia" markCd "Souvenir of
What would a well-to-do couple want with a
wod C�,0mbia' the ��
He asked senior customs inspector Dale
O Connor to have a look at the ashtray
"I was flabbergasted O'Connor said later
'That very morning the Drug Enforcement Ad-
ministration showed me a photograph of the
same kind of ashtray. It was compressed cocaine
molded and glazed to look like a cheap ashtray It
was worth about $20,000 on the street. Thev were
mass-producing them in Bogota
As O'Connor puts it, "Working narcotics at
Miami International Airport is like playing hide
and-seek with the best brains in the smuggling
business. But sooner or later we usually win
We'd better Townsend, Beth Gran, and Ka.hi Diamanl ,� �
he hast . arohna Summer Theatres produeZ of Jack
Hener s dehsh.ful corned, "Vanities The p"av �MI be
The Summertime Blues Are Here
matinee A�gus, 6. �'&.&? �Set ' W"h ' "
Birthrates Are Falling
survey of 400.000
women in 61 countries
shows that the popula-
tion explosion is easing.
In fact, new styles of
living and changing
morali t hae diminish-
ed fertility levels
throughout Europe so
drastically that thev are
pushing birth rates
below the level at which
existing populations are
replaced, and the fall-
ing rates have promp-
ted several alarmed
Tnments to try to
reverse the trend.
In the United States,
the fertility rae has
pped from its peak
; 5 children per
woman in the late 1950s
to 1.8 during the past
decade. Despite the
drop, however, the
large number of young
people resulting from
the previously high rate
means that the popula-
tion of 222.5 million
can be expect to double
in 99 vears.
Worldwide, the pat-
tern was found to have
been partly influenced
0 ' a growing
prelerence for smaller
t'amilies in Asia and
1 at in America, widen-
ing use of contracep-
tives everywhere and
the global advent of
modernization and ur-
'The decline is well
established, and affects
an important part of
the world's population
and is rapid Dr. Leon
Tabah, director of the
population division of
the United Nations,
told 600 specialists on
the subject from 93
countries who gathered
here last week.
The experts met for a
five-day conference to
assess the first returns
of the World Fertility
Survey, a multinational
endeavor begun in 1972
and recognized as the
largest social science
research project ever
Among other things,
the massive survey
found ;hat more
couples are marrying
later and using con-
traceptive methods to
delay birth, and that in-
creasing numbers of
working women are
restraining childbirth.
In Europe, the trend
can have major
economic and in-
dustrial implications,
according to experts at
the meeting. Shrinking
populations are likely
to face serious labor
shortages, while those
,n the work force,
diminishing at increas-
ing rates, will have to
bear a larger tax burden
to support the growing
numbers of the retired.
'The whole system
which traditionally
worked in favor of fer-
tility has collapsed
said Prof. Milos
Macura of Yugoslavia.
"The Industrial
Revolution, in-
dividualism, con-
sumerism � both in
Western and Fastern
Hidden Fat Is
Within Food
Continued from page 5
minence by weight. If a fat is listed among the
ahead o) "If. �P�ally if it is listed
n� lhcrhma'n ingredients (such as butter in
pound cake, which precedes the flour) - it js hke-
I) to be high in fat.
It the product has nutrition information listed
on the label multiply the number of grams of fat
in a servmg by nine, then divide this total by the
number of calories per serving. If you then
�h,f b 100' ,hiS Wil1 give ou the Pcent o"
tat calories in the product
"Nutrition and Health a newsletter prepared
every two months by the Institute olACan
Nutrition a. Columbia University, advises That
you avoid certain dishes on restaurant menus-
those called creamed, in cream sauce or in its own
gravy; sauteed, fried, pan-fried or crispy
escalloped, au gratin or with cheese sauce; but-
terv. buttered or in butter sauce; au lait a la
mode, or au fromage; marinated, stewed, basted
�r.nareH lPnme' hash' pot Pie or hollandaise.
Instead, the institute suggests that you choose
dishes described as pickled; in tomato sauce or
with cocktail sauce; steamed; in broth; in its own; poached; garden fresh, roasted or stir-
Here are some other tips for reducing vour con-
sumption of hidden fats:
Meats, Fish and Poultry
Avoid the heavily marbled prime cuts of meat
and al processed meats. Lean boiled ham or slic-
ed turkey are much lowerin fat than bologna
salami or other luncheon meats. Buy lean ham-
burger (especially if you prefer your burgers
rare). Flank steak, sirloin tip and London broil
are among the leaner cuts of beef. Leg of lamb
and veal are also lean. ,
Broil or grill, rather than fry, meats, fish and
poultry Prepare stews and soups in advance, chill
hem and remove the fat that hardens at the top
Discard the skin of poultry before or after cook-
ing. Avoid gravies and cream sauces in
ofnhefat51 makC graVy 3f h�me af'er skimmirg
Tuna and salmon are among the fattier fishes
Sardines packed in oil and many forms of smoked
fish are also high in fat. Fillets of flounder, cod
haddock, halibut, perch and sole and shellfish
haye considerably less lat. C anned tuna packed in
water has a fhnd the fat of tuna packed in oil
Substitute vegetable sources of protein - dried
riVL0' eXamp,C' kidncy bcan. split
peas, lentils and bean curd) - and low-fat dairy
!ZiUnrS (C�nage ?heCSC and ��un for �a�
some of your meals.
Dairy Products
Ice milk and frozen yogurt have less fat than ice
S a"d;thjckshake have less fat than milk
shakes, but there is usually no caloric saving
because they contain considerably more sugar
than ice cream does. Soft ice cream (frozen
custard) and sott-serve ice milk contain more fat
than the hard varieties.
Parmesan cheese and mozarella cheese made
cheSJs 'm mlIk haVC lGSS f3t than �ther hard
Whipped butter and margarine and diet or im-
itation margarines contain less fat per serving
than regular butter and margarine (air or water
replaces some of the fat in these products) A
tablespoon of oil or mayonnaise has as many fat
calories as a tablespoon of hard fat; however the
softer fats are less saturated.
Baked Goods
Most commercially prepared sweetened baked
goods contain a lot of fat, and it is usually
saturated fat. An exception is angel food cake A
graham cracker crust can be made with less fat
than ordinary pie crust. Slightly sweetened toasts
gmgersnaps fig bars and vanilla wafers have less
tat than cookies made with chocolate, cream fill
mg or nuts.
In place of fat-rich biscuits, muffins, croissants
and butter rolls, choose sandwich bread hard
rolls, pita bread L;ngish muffins Qr Fre� a
Italian bread. Matzohs, toasts, breadsticks and
crisps are low-fat substitutes for fattier crackers
Popcorn without butter or margaine is an �
,cellent low-fat, low-calorie snack food.
Use skim milk to prepare cream soups. In
restaurants, choose clear consomme or broth
madnlene, or clear soup prepared with noodles'
nee or vegetables. '
Europe and regardless
of the political system
of government � are
sweeping away tradi-
tional pressures that
favored the family
In Western Europe
the worst situation is
that in West Germany,
where the average
number of births is 1.4
per woman, with 2.2
the minimum needed to
maintain a steady
Continued from page 5
One such moment
should have occurred
when George announc-
ed that his son died in
Vietnam. His an-
nouncement should
shock the audience as
well as Doris. It does
not. It merely passes by
as "oh by the way
did I tell you that
The gravity of this
scene is lost
somewhere. The au-
dience, and seemingly
George, do not ex-
perience any pain, ex-
cept the pain that
comes with the realiza-
tion that this was a
poorly done scene.
The production is
horribly lopsided.
What could have been
an excellent theatrical
event was, instead, a
poorly planned and
half-executed ordeal.
The script deserves bet-
ter. In short, the pro-
duction left me wanting
more � but not more
of the same.
Continued from page 5
One thing that even
the most bankrupt of
us can do in the sum-
mer is watch television.
Since the summers are
often uncluttered with
classes or work (or
anything), it is a good
time too for staying up
until Rocky and
Bullwinkle come on �
and that's not until
nine a.m.
1 learned while trying
to type this piece that
summer is the time
when the university gets
around to doing
renovations. 1 also
learned that the entire
newspaper office here
is getting a new ceiling
that will have a storage
attic above it. Further-
more, I found out that
the stairs to the attic are
going to be in the same
corner of the office that
1 work in, and that all
the work is beginning
today. The lines keep
running off the margins
on my paper since all
the hammering drowns
out the sound of the lit-
tle bell on the
The hammerers have
adjourned to another
room, so no, they
haven't. Anyway, get-
ting back to the sum-
mer as a whole, this is
also a good season for
writing letters. Writing
letters is not much fun
for most people, but
getting them is nice.
The only people who
would write to me are
all in Greenville this
summer, so I haven't
been writing much, ex-
cept to relatives. At
least I get to keep the
stamps for my collec-
I still occasionally get
letters from different
charities asking for
money. I don't know
why they waste their
time asking college
students for money; it
seems something like
going fishing in Death
When the fall rolls
around, there will be
some things to miss
about summer. It will
take longer to preheat
ovens, and it won't be
possible to fry eggs on
the sidewalk anymore.
Although this practice
gives you slightly dirty
eggs, it saves electricity.
If you have a teflon-
coated car roof, it is a
little better for cook-
I'll miss
thunderstorms, too,
since they are relatively
scarce in the winter
months. There was
thunder and lightning
last March when I was
hanging my senior art
show during that bliz-
zard, but that didn't
have quite the same ap-
peal as sitting on the
from porch during a
nice relaxing summer
For those of you who
greatly miss summer,
there is one place where
summer and its warmth
and sunshine live on
year round. It's those
commercials with the
beautiful young people
who splash around in
mountain streams
drinking beer and soft
Film Echoes
Continued from page 5
calculating and
frightening as the most
thoroughly split per-
sonality in a long while.
Above all, however,
'Dressed to Kill"
reveals De Palma, after
a short lapse, as
capable of moving
from the esoteric fringe
of the movie world to
its commercial center
without sacrificing the
exuberantly anarchic
spirit that first marked
him as a director worth
watching. "Dressed to
K'll' provides
moviegoers with the
special satisfaction of
finding a real treasure
while prowling
cinema's bargain base-
Art and Camera
MCAT-DAT Review Course
Take the course individually
�n Atlanta in 3 to 5 days
PrO. Box 77034, Atlanta, GA
30309 phone(404)874-2454
HE" JOUvj �06tf-
526 S. CotancheSl.
Down Town
BaaU)IPS lAiA)r�P
fit. Xoo�m
Developed and Printed
In restaurants, order your salad dressings on
fne side. At home, experiment with low-fat dress
mgs made with herbs and spices, yogurt and but-
termilk, perhaps with just a small amount of
mayonnaise. Treat avocados with the same
discretion you bestow upon bacon, butter and
margarine; they are all high in fats
iMon. -Frl. 1130-300
�� Moil, �P Tuea. 6tOO
1866 Bveofag Imffet
Developed and Printed
$5.53 EXPOSURE &7 1
36 exposure fc 2l ip
ttsas�&� $2 i i
�� �$&'����

The East Carolinian, July 31, 1980
East Carolina's student-run campus newspaper was first published in 1923 as the East Carolina Teachers College News (1923-1925). It has been re-named as The Teco Echo (1925, 1926-1952), East Carolinian (1952-1969), Fountainhead (1969-1979), and The East Carolinian (1969, 1979-present). It includes local, state, national, and international stories with a focus on campus events.
July 31, 1980
Original Format
Local Identifier
Location of Original
University Archives
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