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Wilmington flora: A list of plants growing about Wilmington, North Carolina, with date of flowering

Date: 1886 | Identifier: NC 580 NCr
Wilmington flora : A list of plants growing about Wilmington, North Carolina, with date of flowering. With a map of New Hanover county / By Thomas F. Wood and Gerald McCarthy. Raleigh : Edwards, Broughton & Co., power printers and binders, 1886. 69 p. fold. map. 23 cm. Original held by New Hanover County Public Library, Wilmington, N.C. more...
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WILMINGTON FLORA
A LIST OF
PLANTS GROWING ABOUT WILMINGTON,
NORTH CAROLINA, WITH DATE
OF FLOWERING.

WITH
A MAP OF NEW HANOVER COUNTY.

BY
THOMAS F. WOOD and GERALD McCARTHY.

[From the Journal of the Elisha Mitchell Scientific Society.]

RALEIGH:
EDWARDS, BROUGHTON &Co., POWER PRINTERS AND BINDERS,
1887.









WILMINGTON FLORA

A LIST OF
PLANTS GROWING ABOUT WILMINGTON,
NORTH CAROLINA, WITH DATE
OF FLOWERING.

WITH
A MAP OF NEW HANOVER COUNTY.

BY
THOMAS F. WOOD and GERALD McCARTHY.

RALEIGH:EDWARDS, BROUGHTON & CO., POWER PRINTERS AND BINDERS.1886.







WILMINGTON FLORA.

THOMAS F. WOOD AND GERALD MCCARTHY.

INTRODUCTION.

The growing interest in botany during the last ten years has created the necessity for a manual for local work in botany, especially as regards the Cape Fear region.

The pamphlet, published by Dr. Curtis in 1832, has long since become a rarity, and was not up to the recent date as regards the newer discoveries, and abounded in old synonyms. An attempt was first made to rewrite this catalogue, substituting the accepted synonyms of to day, but it was found best to re-write it entire. This pamphlet, therefore, has for its basis the work of Dr. Curtis. To it has been added all the plants which he subsequently added in his catalogue of the plants of the State, and the few other plants which have been added since that work was issued.

We have given the date of flowering of plants, founded as much on personal observation as possible, but still we feel that this part of the work can be much improved. For the sake of many beginners, we have also added the color of flowers, knowing, of course, that to the scientific botanist, such a slight aid would be so imperfect as to be of little use to him; but, for beginners, who are puzzling over plant analyses for the first time, such a slight knowledge as the color of a flower would often be of help. Furthermore, amateur botanists, of whom there is an increasing number all over the State, appreciate such slight aids, and for these considerations we think the trouble has been well spent.

We have added a map of the Cape Fear region which is accurately drawn to a scale (one mile to ½ inch), and will be found valuable to botanists and others. The basis of this map was one drawn by Capt. W. H. James, of the Confederate States Engineers, after a complete topographical survey during the war. Corrections and additions have been made to date, as nearly as possible, excepting





that the names of the proprietors of farms have been in many instances unaltered. It is easy enough, with this map, to go to any locality in the county, and botanists and amateurs, seeking the quite numerous local plants of this favored region, could hardly go amiss.

Dr. Curtis’ original catalogue enumerated species found within a radius of two miles of Wilmington; but we have extended our search over the entire county, even extending to what is now a part of Pender county, especially including the region of Rocky Point, and of Smithville and Smith's Island, and the part of Brunswick county immediately adjacent to Wilmington.

“Wilmington is situated in latitude 34° 17′, and longitude 78° 10′, about thirty miles from the mouth of the Cape Fear river, on which it stands, and eight miles from the sea, in an easterly direction. Its precise elevation above the ocean I have not learned,* but it is so small as to deserve little or no consideration in regard to botanical geography. Indeed much of the lowland in the vicinity is but little above the level of the ocean. The climate may be pretty well determined from the following table of temperature, made from observations taken in 1832. The thermometer was placed in the shade on the north side of a house. Observations were taken six times a day from 8 and 9 o'clock A. M. to 11 P. M. Fractions omitted:

Jan.Feb.MarApl.MayJu'eJulyAugSeptOct.NovDec.
Maximum7275808797868385827768
Minimum1832254260686663403627
Medium4655566577727975665750
Rainy days4848591412465

†TEMPERATURE FOR YEAR 1885.
Jan.Feb.MarApl.MayJu'eJulyAugSeptOct.Nov.Dec.
Maximum747071848893949489818071
Minimum232026375158626052423027
Mean494549627076818073625550
Rainy days1791161471515710109

[note][note]



I have not materials for forming an accurate Floral Calendar for Wilmington, but the following notices show the flowering time of a few plants in the spring of 1832:

Daffodils in flower,Feb. 1Red Cedar and ElmFeb. 1
Red MapleFeb. 8JonquilsFeb. 10
Peach and PlumFeb. 12Cercis CanadensisFeb. 26
Flowering AlmondFeb. 26Epigæa repensFeb. 26
Phlox subulataFeb. 27Luzula CampestrisFeb. 27
Vaccinium corymbosumMarch 1Viola cucullata and lanceolataMarch 6
Cardamine VirginicaMarch 6
Thlaspi bursa-pastorisMarch 10Bayberry (Myrica)March 10

In 1831, Daffodils blossomed January 1st, and the White Hyacinth at Christmas, which is about their usual period of flowering.”—Moses A. Curtis, A. M., in “Catalogue of Plants Growing Spontaneously Around Wilmington.”

The following list of plants, with their dates of flowering in 1885, is taken from the note book of Miss Hettie E. Watson, Secretary of “The Curtis Club,” of Wilmington:

Alder,February 1Cydonia Japonica,February 20
ChickweedFebruary 2Pyxidanthera barbulata,February 26
Blue Violet,February 2Short Leaf Pine stam,February 26
White Violet,February 3Short Leaf Pine pistillateFebruary 26
Arbutus,February 3Oxalis yellow,March 7
Jessamine, yellowFebruary 3Water cress,March 7
Huckleberry (Vaccinium corymbosum,)February 3Pepper grass (Lepidium VirginicumMarch 23
Chrysogonum VirginianumFebruary 3Nasturtium,March 23
Bartonia verna,February 3Willow catkin, sterileMarch 26
Cedar,February 5Willow fertile,March 26
Long Leaf Pine stam,February 5Strawberry, yellow, (Fragaria Indica,)March 26
Long Leaf Pine pistillate,February 16
Schallott,February 16Strawberry, white, (F. Virginiana),March 26
Gill,February 16
Red bud,February 16Peach,March 26
Cypress,February 16Sassafras,March 27
Red Maple,February 16Golden Club, (Orontium),March 28
Red Cedar,February 16Rubus trivialis,April 1
Elm,February 16Euphorbia,April 1
Prunus Carolinianum,February 19Willow Oak, (Quercus Phellos,April 4
Mistletoe,February 19





Scrubby Oak, (Q. Catesbœi)April 4Clematis crispa,April 11
Live Oak, (Q. Virens)April 4Cyrilla racemiflora,April 11
Water Oak, (Q. Aquatica)April 4Pinguicula elatior,April 1
Sorrel wood, (Oxydendrum arboreum)April 4Salix Nigra,April 19
April 4Paulownia,April 20
Collard,April 4Asarum,April 20
Blood root, (Sanguinaria Canadensis)April 4Sysyrinchium Bermudiana,April 20
April 4Uvularia,April 20
Ranunculus acris,April 5Crowfoot,April 21
Rubus villosus,April 5Campanula,April 21
Blue Plum,April 5Wistaria,April 21
Azalea nudiflora,April 5Wild Cherry, (Prunus serotina,April 21
Woodbine, (Lonicera sempervirens)April 6
Lespedeza,April 21
Pear,April 6Leptocaulis divaricatus,April 22
Low Laurel, (Kalmia angustifolia)April 6Lupine, purple,April 22
Pea, (English)April 25
Cratægus,April 7Irish Potatoe,April 25
Euphorbia commutata,April 7Butter wort, (Pinguicula pumilla,)April 25
White Clover,April 7
Ilex glabra,April 7Rosa Carolina,April 27
Linaria Canadensis,April 7Sarracenia flava,April 27
Pontederia,April 9Drosera brevifolia,April 29
Sweet Gum,April 9Wild phlox,April 29
Horse Radish,April 9Melia azederach,April 29
Mulberry,April 9Ilex opaca,April 29
Myrtle, pistillate,April 9Walnut,April 29
Myrtle, stam,April 9Chinquapin,April 29
Iris verna,April 9Tecoma radicans,April 29
Elder, small,April 9Fox Grape,April 29
Turnip,April 10Azalia viscosa, (white)April 29
Buckeye,April 10Amphicarpæa monoicaApril 29
Dogwood,April 10Utricularia,April 29
Wild Olive,April 10Pipe wort,April 29
Quince,April 10Leucanthemum,April 30
Crab Apple,April 10Clover,April 30
Horse Apple,April 10Sparkle berry, (Vaccinium arboreum)April 30
Apricot,April 10
Running Huckleberry, (Vaccinium crassifolium)April 10Bay, (Magnolia glauca,)April 30

Of the many vaiuable ornamental trees Lagerstrœmia Indica (Crepe Myrtle) has long ago been naturalized, attaining the height of 20 feet. Gardenia (Cape Jessamine) is hardy, and is used as a





hedge or border in Oakdale Cemetery, where it fruits occasionally. The Japanese tea plants, distributed by the Agricultural Department from Washington, have been found hardy under the treatment of Mr. Donlan at Oakdale Cemetery, fruiting very freely. The Eucalyptus globulus was thoroughly tried by the gentleman above named, but with the utmost care the hardiest looking young tree was killed by the frost, and the experiment abandoned. The Sabal Palmetto, which has its northern limit at Smith's Island, has been successfully transplanted in three instances in Wilmington as an ornamental tree, much to the surprise of those who had formerly failed after great pains. Its transplantation seems to be as difficult as to transplant the pine. The banana during one favorable season fruited but did not come to full maturity. It is evident that the seasons are too short to expect success with it. The Ailantus is no longer a desirable shade tree, and has been generally made to give place to Elms and Oaks; and we are sorry to say that the Pride of China, one of the handsomest trees introduced among us, is losing popularity. A fine specimen of Negundo aceroides, from an accidental seed dropped in a private garden in the city, shows how kindly this beautiful tree would take to our soil if encouraged by the gardner. In our catalogue we have left out these, or most of them, and mention them here as an indication of the range of temperature.

This catalogue is arranged after the natural orders in Curtis’ “Catalogue of Plants of North Carolina.” The popular names have been retained as a matter of convenience—sometimes for curiosity.

We have added a list of plants found in the ballast along the river front, used to fill in the wharves of the Railroad Companies. The list is only a small portion of the plants found, but were all identified by Mr. McCarthy up to this time. These plants are from distant parts of the world, and it will be interesting to watch their history. They are mostly weeds, and from similar sources numbers of weeds have escaped into our fields and streets and by-ways. It will be noticed that several of these weeds, since Dr. Curtis’ day, have become common in neglected streets and waste places, such as Viper's Bugloss (Echium) and Acanthospermum Xanthioides. Both plants are now stubborn weeds.

Species with names in heavy-face type are believed to be indigenous. Species with names in small capitals are not regarded as indigenous.

A numerical statement of the genera, species and varieties is given at the end of the catalogue.









CATALOGUE.
FLOWERING PLANTS.
DICOTYLEDONS.

RANUNCULACEÆ. (CROWFOOT FAMILY.)

Clematis crispa, Liun. (BLUE JESSAMINE. BLUE BELL.)

May and June until October. Flowers pale bluish purple. In three distinct crops.

Virginiana, L. Rocky Point.

June. Flowers white.

Viorna, L. Rocky Point. Dr. McRee.

May—August. Flowers purple.

Anemone Virginiana, L. (VIRGINIA ANEMONE.)

July—September. Flowers obscure white.

Caroliniana Walt. Dr. McRee.

March. Flowers white.

Hepatica triloba, Chalx. Dr. McRee. Rocky Roint.

February—March. Purple or white.

Thalictrum anemonoides, Michx. (RUE ANEMONE.)

April—May. Flowers white.

Cornuti, L.—(MEADOW RUE.)

June—August. Flowers white.

Ranunculus abortivus, L. (SMOOTH CROWFOOT.)

March—April. Flowers yellow.

BULBOSUS, L. (BUTTERCUPS.)

May. Flowers yellow.

repens, L. (CREEPING CROWFOOT.)

March and April.

repens var. nitidus, MUHL.

Flowers smaller than above.

pusillus, Poir. (DWARF CROWFOOT.)

March and April. Flowers minute yellow.

recurvatus, Poir. (R. Nelsoni, Gray.) (ROUGH CROWFOOT.)

April and May.

parviflorus, L. (SMALL FLOWERED CROWFOOT.)

April and May. Flowers very small.

palmatus, Ell. Rare.

April and May.

Aquilegia Canadensis, L. (COLUMBINE.) Mr. Norwood Giles, on the Sound.

April and May. Flowers scarlet, yellow within.

MAGNOLIACEÆ. (MAGNOLIA FAMILY.)

Magnolia grandiflora, L. (MAGNOLIA.) Northern limit in Brunswick county.

May. Flowers white.

glauca, L. (SWEET BAY.)

May—June. Flowers white.





Umbrella, Lam. (UMBRELLA TREE.)

May and June. Flowers white.

Liriodendron Tulipifera, L. (TULIP-TREE. POPLAR.)

May and June. Flowers greenish yellow.

ANONACEÆ. (CUSTARD APPLE FAMILY.)

Asimina parviflora, Dunal. (DWARF PAPAW. FETID SHRUB.)

March and April. Flowers greenish purple.

MENISPERMACEÆ. (MOONSEED FAMILY.)

Menispermum Canadense, L. (MOONSEED.) Dr. McRee. Rocky Point:

July. Flowers white.

Cocculus Carolinus, D. C. (REDBERRIED MOONSEED.)

June and August. Flowers white.

BERBERIDACEÆ. (BARBERRY FAMILY.)

Podophyllum peltatum, L. (MAY APPLE.) Not common.

April and May. Flowers greenish, moist shady places.

NELUMBIACEÆ. (NELUMBO FAMILY.)

Nelumbium Intenm, Willd. (DUCK ACORN. WATER CHINQUAPIN.)

Is rarely found in Waccamaw Lake, 30 miles from Wilmington. Found in Neuse river by G. McCarthy, July, 1886.

July. Flowers large yellow.

CABOMBACEÆ. (WATER-SHIELD FAMILY.)

Cabomba Caroliniana, Gray. (Nectris aquatica Nutt.)

Ditches in Potter's rice field. June and August. Flowers white.

Brasenia peltata, Pursh. (Hydropeltis purpurea, Michx,) (WATER-SHIELD.)

July. Flowers dull purple, under surface of leaves with gelatinous viscid coating.

NYMPHÆACEÆ. (WATER-LILY FAMILY.)

Nymphæa odorata, Ait. (WHITE POND-LILY.)

May and June.

Nuphar advena, Ait. (YELLOW WATER-LILY. BONNETS. SPATTER DOCK.)

sagittæfolia, Pursh. (ALLIGATOR BONNETS.)

June—August. Flowers yellow. Found on the margins of the Cape Fear N. E. River and Smith's Creek. Plentiful enough to make their locality a favorite place for fishermen.





SARRACENIACEÆ. (PITCHER-PLANT FAMILY.)

Sarracenia purpurea, L. (PITCHER-PLANT.)

April and May. Flowers purple.

Varieties with erect leaves.

Sarracenia rubra, Walt. ( RED-FLOWERED TRUMPET.)

Found in the neighborhood of Rush's. See Map.

flava, L. (BISCUIT. YELLOW TRUMPETS. WATCHES.)

March.

variolaris, Michx. (S. lacunosa of Bartram.) Spotted.

Trumpet-leaf, 30 miles from Wilmington. Scarce.

PAPAVERACEÆ. (POPPY FAMILY.)

Argemone MEXICANA, L. (MEXICAN POPPY.) Introduced.

April and May. Flowers yellow and white. Yellow flowers two or three weeks before white.

var. alba.

Sanguinaria Canadensis, L. (BLOOD-ROOT. PUCCOON-ROOT.)

Not common. March. Flowers white.

Papaver DUBIUM, (P. rheas,) Dr. McRee, Rocky Point.

Cultivated fields. Adventive.

FUMARIACEÆ. (FUMITORY FAMILY.)

Corydalis aurea, Willd.

March and April. Flowers yellow.

micrantha, Dr. A. Havard. Smithville.

CRUCIFERÆ. (MUSTARD FAMILY.)

Cardamine rhomboidea, D. C. (SPRING CRESS.) Dr. McRee.

Rocky Point. April and May. Flowers white.

hirsuta, L. (BITTER CRESS.)

Cakile maratima, Scop. (SEA KALE.) On the sea beach.

May—August. Flowers pale purple.

Sisymbrium THALIANA, Gaud. (MOUSE-EAR CRESS.)

March and April. Flowers White.

canesceus, Nutt. (TANSY MUSTARD.)

March and April. Flowers small greenish white.

OFFICINALE, SCOP. (HEDGE MUSTARD.) Introduced.

May and June. Flowers pale yellow.

Draba verna, L. (WHITLOW GRASS.)

Flowers small white.

Caroliniana, Walt.

February—April. Flowers white.

Senebiera pinnatifida, D. C. (WART CRESS. SWINE CRESS.)

March—May.

Lepidium Virginicum, L. (WILD PEPPER-GRASS.)

March—June. Very common.

Capsella BURSA-PASTORIS, Mœnch. (SHEPHERD'S PURSE.) Introduced.

March—June. Flowers white.





CAPPARIDACEÆ. (CAPER FAMILY.)

Gynandropsis pentaphylla, D. C.

May—August. Flowers white.

(Cleome pentaphylla, Linn, and Barton, Pursh, Nuttall anp Elliott.) Waste grounds. Across Wilmington ferry, Cape Fear river. Dr. McRee.

VIOLACEÆ. (VIOLET FAMILY.)

Viola cucullata, Ait. (BLUE VIOLET.)

February—May. Flowers blue-white.

palmata, L. (HAND-LEAF VIOLET.) Not common.

March—May. Flowers purple or blue.

villosa, Walt. (HAIRY VIOLET.)

Flowers pale blue.

lanceolata, L. LANCE-LEAVED VIOLET.)

February—May. Flowers white.

pedata, L. (BIRD-FOOT VIOLET.)

February—May. Flowers large, deep blue or purple.

primulæfolia, L. (PRIMROSE-LEAVED VIOLET.)

Flowers white—small.

blanda, Willd. (SWEET WHITE VIOLET.)

April—May. Flowers white.

tricolor, L. Var. arvensis D. C. (WILD PANSY.)

Not very common.

CISTACEÆ. (ROCK-ROSE FAMILY.)

Helianthemum Canadense, Michx. (FROST-WEED.)

April.

[Cistus Canadensis, Walt.]

Carolinianum, Michx. (ROCK-ROSE.)

March—April. Flowers yellow.

[Cistus Carolinianus, Walt.]

corymbosum, Michx.

April.

[Cistus corymbosus, Pair.]

Lechea major, Michx. (PIN-WEED.)

July—August. Greenish flowers.

minor, Lam. Dry sandy soil.

July and August.

DROSERACEÆ. (SUNDEW FAMILY.)

Dionæa muscipula, Ellis. (VENUS FLY-TRAP.)*

June. Flowers white, blacken in drying. Seed drop in July-10th to 20th.

Found abundantly in a radius of a half to three quarters of a mile from 2d toll house and other places. See Map.

[note]



“DIONÆA MUSCIPULA.—This plant is found as far north as Newbern, N. C., and from the mouth of Cape Fear river nearly to Fayetteville. Elliott says, on the authority of Gen. Pinckney, that it grows along the lower branches of the Santee in South Carolina. Dr. Bachman has received it from Georgetown, *S. C.; and Mr. Audubon informed me, with the plant before us, that he has seen it in Florida of enormous size. I think it not impossible, therefore, that it inhabits the savannahs, more or less abundantly, from the latter place to Newbern.† It is found in great abundance for many miles around Wilmington, in every direction. I venture a short notice of this interesting plant, as I am not aware that any popular description of it has been published in this country.

The leaf, which is the only curious part, springs from the root, spreading upon the ground, or at a little elevation above it. It is composed of a petiole or stem with broad margins, like the leaf of an orange tree, two to four inches long, which at the end suddenly expands into a thick and somewhat rigid leaf, the two sides of which are semi-circular, about two-thirds of an inch across, and fringed around their edges with somewhat rigid ciliæ or long hairs like eye-lashes. It is very aptly compared to two upper eye-lids joined at their bases. Each side of the leaf is a little concave on the inner side, where are placed three delicate, hair-like organs, in such an order that an insect can hardly traverse it without interfering with one of them, when the two sides suddenly collapse and enclose the prey with a force surpassing an insect's efforts to escape. The fringe or hairs of the opposite sides of the leaf interlace, like the fingers of the two hands clasped together. The sensitiveness resides only in these hair-like processes on the inside, as the leaf may be touched or pressed in any other part without sensible effects. The little prisoner is not crushed and suddenly destroyed, as is sometimes supposed, for I have often liberated captive flies and spiders which sped away as fast as fear or joy could hasten them. At other times I have found them enveloped in a fluid of mucilaginous consistence, which seems to act as a solvent, the insects being more or less consumed in it. This circumstance has suggested the possibility of their being made subservient to the nourishment of the plant, through an apparatus of absorbent vessels in the leaves. But as I have not examined sufficiently to pronounce on the universality of this result, it will require further observation and experiment on the spot to ascertain its nature and importance. It is not to be supposed, however, that such a food is necessary to the existence of the plant, but like compost, may increase its growth and vigor. But however obscure and uncertain may be the final purpose of such a singular organization, if it were a problem to construct a plant with reference to entrapping insects, I cannot conceive of a form and organization better adapted to secure that end than are found in the Dionæa Muscipula. I therefore deem it no credulous inference, that its leaves are constructed for that specific object, whether insects subserve to the purpose of nourishment to the plant or not. It is no objection to this view that they are subject to blind accident, and sometimes close upon straws as well as insects. It would be a curious vegetable, indeed, that had a faculty of distinguishing bodies, and recoiled at the touch of one, while it quietly submitted to violence from another. Such capricious sensitiveness is not a property of the vegetable kingdom. The spider's net is spread to ensnare flies, yet it catches whatever falls upon it; and the ant lion is roused from her hiding place by the fall of a pebble; so much are insects also, subject to the blindness of

[note][note]



accident. Therefore the web of the one, and the pitfall of the other are not designed to catch insects! Nor is it in point to refer to other plants of entirely different structure and habit which sometimes entangle and imprison insects. As well might we reason against a spider's web, because of a fly drowned in a honey pot; or against a steel trap because some poor animal has lost its life in a cider barrel.”

The extent of the distribution of the Dionæa has interested many botanists, and we append some observations on that subject. Although drainage of the savanna land near Wilmington, and frequent accidental fires and fires purposely employed to clear off the savannas to secure grazing for cattle, after the wasteful method handed down by the aborigines, have lessened the numbers of the plant immediately about the town, still some good specimens are occasionally found within the unsettled limits. The distribution of Dionæa is co-extensive with the savanna land, which, it will be safe to say, is as much as one-fifth of the area of this county (New Hanover,) and the adjacent one's of Pender and Brunswick counties. The ravages of fire, and unusual cold seasons and the rapacity of the collectors who supply the trade, have scarcely made perceptible inroads on the plant.

The future of the Dionæa does not incline us to believe that it will be soon exterminated. Land is very abundant, and but few savannas have more than a superficial coating of organic matter overlaying a bed of almost sterile sand, therefore the temptation to cultivate such land will be small, even after the country is thickly settled. It will be a great many years before the population of farmers will become dense enough to regard savanna land as worth much, even for the grazing of stunted cattle, and as the very sensible plan of caring for cattle (and the better breeds are being rapidly introduced) upon the economic basis of good shelter, pure water, and wholesome food becomes an established fact, there will be no temptation to do as wasteful a thing as to burn off a savanna and risk a forest of good trees, to keep a few stunted cattle from starving. The Dionæa is undoubtedly the most remarkable of the very local plants known to botanists, and it will be good news to the friends of science to know its probable future.

Drosera filiformis, Raf. (THREAD-LEAVED SUNDEW.)

April. Flowers bright purple.

longifolia, L. (LONG-LEAVED SUNDEW.)

May and June. Flowers white.

rotundifolia, L. (ROUND-LEAVED SUNDEW.)

May and June. Flowers white.

brevifolia, L. (SHORT-LEAVED SUNDEW.)

March. Flowers white:

PARNASSIACEÆ

Parnassia Caroliniana, Michx. (GRASS OF PARNASSUS.)

October and November. Corolla white with impressed greenish veins.

HYPERICACEÆ. (ST. JOHN'S WORT FAMILY.)

Ascyrum Crux-Audreæ, L. (ST. PETER'S WORT.)

June—September. Flowers yellow.

stans, Michx.

July—September. Flowers yellow.





*Hypericum angulosum, Michx.

June—August. Flowers almost orange.

corymbosum, Muhl.

July. Petals black dotted.

fasciculatum, Lam.

June—August. Petals yellow.

nudiflorum, Michx.

July—August.

mutilum, L. (H. parvifolium, Willd. Pursh and Elliott.)

June—August. Flowers minute orange colored.

*rosmarinifolium. (H. cistifolium, myrtifolium.)

*simplex. (H. setosum.)

†Virginicum. (H. corymbosum.)

Canadense, L.

June—October. Flowers copper yellow.

Sarothra, Michx. (GROUND PINE.)

[Sarothra gentianoides, L.]

June—August. Flowers small yellow.

PORTULACACEÆ. (PURSLANE FAMILY.)

Claytonia Virginica, L. (SPRING BEAUTY.)

April—May. Flowers rose colored, veiny; not common.

Portulaca OLERACEA, L. (PURSLANE.) Common in streets and cultivated fields. Introduced.

May—July. Flowers yellow.

Sesuvium pentandrum, Ell. (SEA PURSLANE.) Saline marshes.

May—November.

portulacastrum, L.

May—November.

CARYOPHYLLACEÆ. (PINK FAMILY.)

Arenaria Canadensis* (diffusa?) (A. rubra, found near Sound. Dr. McRee.)

diffusa, Ell.

April—June. Flowers white.

SERPYLLIFOLIA, L. (THYME-LEAVED SANDWORT.) Introduced.

June. Petals white.

Cerastium VISCOSUM, L. (C. hirsutum, Muhl., Ell., &c.) Introduced.

February—May. Flowers white.

VULGATUM, L. (MOUSE-EAR CHICKWEED.) Introduced.

February—May. Flowers white.

Mollugo verticillata, L. (INDIAN CHICKWEED.)

May—August. Flowers small white.

Alsine squarrosa, Fenzl. (BARRENS SANDWORT.) Dry sand hills.

April—May. Flowers white.

Saponaria OFFICINALIS. L. (SOAPWORT. BOUNCING BET.) Introduced.

Waste grounds.

July—August. Flowers white or rose-color.

Silene Antirrhina, L. (CATCHFLY.)

July. Flowers small red.

Virginica, L. (INDIAN PINK.)

June. Flowers large red.

Pennsylvanica, Michx. Lilliput on Cape Fear River. (Dr. McRee.)

April. Petals white or rose-color.

[note][note]



Spergula ARVENSIS, L. (PINE CHEAT. CORN SPURREY.)

May—August. Flowers white.

Spergularia rubra, Pers. (SAND SPURREY.) Sea-coast.

May—October. Flowers red or rose.

Stellaria MEDIA, Smith. (CHICKWEED.) Introduced.

December—April. Flowers white.

uniflora, Walt.

Paronychia herniarloides, Nutt.

July—October. Flowers minute.

Anychia dichotma, Michx.

July—August. Flowers greenish.

Stipulicida setacea, Michx. White sand hills. Common.

April—June. Flowers white.

Sagina Elliottii, Fenzl. (BARRENS SANDWORT.)

April—June.

MALVACEÆ. (MALLOW FAMILY.)

Hibiscus Moscheutos, L. (SWAMP MALLOW.)

July. Flowers white or pale rose, crimson centre.

Hibiscus aculeatus, Walt. (H. Scaber, Michx.)

July. Flowers white with purple centres.

militaris, Cav. (H. Virginicus, Walt.) (ROSE-MALLOW.)

Causeway and Little Bridge. July—August. Flowers rose.

Malva ROTUNDIFOLIA, L. (MALLOW.) Introduced. Common in waste grounds.

May—August. Petals pale pink.

Sida SPINOSA, L. Common about settlements. Introduced. See Abutilon.

July—August. Petals yellow.

[S. Abutilon, Avicennæ, Gærtn.]

Elliottii, T. and G.

July—October. Flowers orange yellow.

Abutilon AVICENNÆ, Gaert. (VELVET LEAF AMERICAN HEMP.) Introduced.

June—July. Flowers yellow.

Kosteletzkya Virginica, Presl.

TILIACEÆ. (LINDEN FAMILY.)

Tilia pubescens, Ait. (LINN OR LIME TREE.) June. Flowers cream color.

heterophylla, Vent. (White Linn.)

Americana, L. Dr. McRee. Rocky run.

[Tilia glabra, Vent.]

CAMELLIACEÆ. (CAMELLIA FAMILY.)

Gordonia Lasianthus, L. (LOBLOLLY BAY. BLACK LAUREL.)

July—August. Flowers white.

Stuartia Virginica, Cav. Scarce.

April—May. Flowers white, stamens purple.

Found eight miles W. from Wilmington by Mr. Wm. Watters.





MELIACEÆ.

Melia AZEDARACH. L. (CHINA TREE. PRIDE OF INDIA.)

May—June. Flowers lilac.

LINACEÆ. (FLAX FAMILY.)

Linum Virginianum, L. (WILD FLAX.)

July. Flowers yellow.

Bootii, Planch. Dry pine woods.

July. Flowers sulphur yellow.

OXALIDACEÆ. (WOOD-SORREL FAMILY.)

Oxalis stricta, L. (YELLOW WOOD SORRELL.)

April. Flowers yellow.

violacea, L. (PURPLE WOOD SORRELL.) Dr. McRee, Rocky Point.

May—June. Flowers nodding, purple.

ZYGOPHYLLACEÆ. (BEAN CAPER FAMILY.)

Tribulus CISTOIDES, L. Waste grounds. Dr. McRee. Flowers large yellow.

TERRESTRIS, L. Ballast. Introduced from South Russia.

GERANIACEÆ. (GERANIUM FAMILY.)

Geranium Carolinianum, L.

March—April. Flowers pale purple.

maculatum, L. (CRANE'S BILL.) Dr. McRee.

April—May. Flowers purple.

BALSAMINACEÆ. (BALSAM FAMILY.)

Impatiens fulva, Nutt. (JEWELL. WEED.) Causeway, rice fields, Little Bridge.

July—September. Flowers deep orange.

pallida, Nutt. (TOUCH-ME-NOT.) Gerald McCarthy.

RUTACEÆ. (RUE FAMILY.)

Zanthoxylum, Carolinianum, Lam. (PRICKLY ASH. TOOTHACHE TREE.) [Z. clava-Herculis, Linn.]

June. Flowers small greenish.

Ptelea trifoliata, L. (HOP-TREE. WAFER-ASH.) Wrightsville Sound.

May—June. Flowers greenish.

mollis, M. A. C.

May—June. Flowers greenish.





ANACARDIACEÆ. (CASHEW FAMILY.)

Rhus copallina, L. (COMMON SUMACK.)

July. Flowers greenish.

Toxicodendron, L. (POISON OAK.)

July. Flowers small.

radicans, L. (POISON VINE.)

July. Flowers greenish.

Rhus venenata, D. C. (POISON SUMACH.)

July. Flowers very small—green.

pumila, Michx. (DWARF SUMACH.) Pine woods.

VITACEÆ. (VINE FAMILY.)

Vitis æstivalis, Michx. (SUMMER GRAPE.)

June. Grape deep blue, very austere.

Labrusca, L. (FOX GRAPE.)

May—June. Grape purple or whitish, pleasant.

vulpina, L. (MUSCADINE. BULLACE.)

June. Grape purple, pleasant.

cordifolia, Michx. (FROST GRAPE.)

May—June. Grape black, acid.

bipinnata, Torrey & Gray.

June—July. Grape small, black.

Ampelopsis quinquefolia, Michx. (VIRGINIA CREEPER.)

June. Flowers inconspicuous, greenish.

RHAMNACEÆ. (BUCKTHORN FAMILY.)

Ceanothus Americanus, L. (RED-ROOT. JERSEY TEA.)

July. Flowers white.

Berchemia volubilis, D. C. (RATTAN. SUPPLE JACK.)

June. Flowers small, greenish.

Sageretia Michauxii, Brongn. Sea coast.

September. Flowers white.

Frangula Caroliniana, Gray.

June.

CELASTRACEÆ. (STAFF-TREE FAMILY.)

Euonymus Americanus, L. (STRAWBERRY BUSH. BURSTING HEART. FISH-WOOD.)

May—June. Flowers greenish.

STAPHYLLACEÆ. (BLADDER-NUT FAMILY.)

Staphylea TRIFOLIA, L. (BLADDER NUT.) Introduced.

May. Flowers white.

SAPINDACEÆ. (SOAP-BERRY FAMILY.)

Æsculus Pavia, T. (RED BUCKEYE. HORSE-CHESTNUT.)

March—May. Flowers red.





ACERACEÆ. (MAPLE FAMILY.)

Acer rubrum, L. (RED MAPLE.)

February—March. Flowers and fruit red.

saccharinum, Wang. (SUGAR MAPLE.) Rock spring. Rocky Point.

April and May.

Negundo aceroides, Mœnch. (ASH-LEAVED MAPLE.)

Rocky Point and in Wilmington.

March and April.

POLYGALACEÆ. (MILKWORT FAMILY.)

Polygala cymosa, Walt. Moist savannahs. Common.

July. Flowers yellow, turning dark green in drying.

cruciata, L.

July—October. Flowers pale rose color.

incarnata, L. Moist savannahs. Common.

June—August. Flowers purple.

lutea, L. (BATCHELOR'S BUTTON.) Savannahs. Abundantly common.

June—August. Flowers orange yellow.

ramosa, Ell.

July—September. Flowers yellow.

fastigiata, Nutt. Not as common as others.

July—October. Flowers small, bright rose color.

setacea, Michx.

March—July. Flowers pale rose color or whitish.

brevifolia, Nutt.

July—October. Flowers reddish purple.

grandiflora, Walt.

July—September. Flowers bright purple.

Verticillata, L.

June—August. Flowers greenish white.

LEGUMINOSÆ. (PULSE FAMILY.)

Amorpha fruticosa, L. (INDIGO BUSH.)

May—June. Flowers blue.

herbacea, Walt. (A. PUBESCENS WILLD.)

June—July. Flowers blue or white.

Amphicarpæa monoica, Nutt. (PEA-VINE.)

August—September. Flowers white or purplish.

Apios tuberosa, Mœnch. (GROUND NUT.)

This common name must not be confounded with “ground nut,” the local name for ARACHIS HYPOGEÆ, the introduced African “pea-nut” of commerce.

July—August. Seeds black. Flowers brownish purple.

Astragalus glaber, Michx.

April. Flowers white.

Baptisia lanceolata, Ell.

April—May. Flowers yellow.

villosa, Ell.

May. Plants turns black in drying.

alba, R. Br.

April. Flowers white.

tinctoria, R. Br. (Wild Indigo.)

May—June. Flowers yellow.

Cassia Chamæcrista, L.

July—August. Flowers yellow, petals often purple at the base.

Marylandica, L. (WILD SENNA.)

August. Flowers yellow.

OCCIDENTALIS, L.

July. Flowers large, yellow.

obtusifolia, L. (C. Tora Linn.)

July—October. Flowers yellow.

nictitans, L. (WILD SENSITIVE PLANT.)

July. Flowers pale yellow.





Cercis Canadensis, L. (RED-BUD.)

March. Flowers rose colored.

Crotalaria sagittalis, L. (RATTLE-BOX.)

June—July. Flowers yellow.

ovalis, Pursh.

April—June. Flowers showy, yellow.

Purshii, D. C.

May—July. Flowers yellow.

Lupinus diffusus, Nutt.

April—May. Flowers blue.

perennis, L. (LUPINE.)

April—May. Flowers purplish or purplish blue.

villosus, Willd.

April—June. Flowers violet and roseate above.

Trifolium ARVENSE L. (RABBIT-FOOT CLOVER.)

July—August. Flowers pale red.

Carolinianum, Michx. (CAROLINA CLOVER.) Dr. McRee, Rocky Point. Introduced.

March—May. Flowers white or purplish.

pratense, L. (RED CLOVER.) Introduced.

All summer.

hybridum, L.* Gerald McCarthy.

repens, L. (WHITE CLOVER.)

May—September.

reflexum, L. (BUFFALO CLOVER.)

April—June. Flowers rose red.

PROCUMBENS, L. (YELLOW CLOVER.) Introduced.

June—July.

Medicago LUPULINA, L. (HOP. MEDICK.) Common in grass plats. Introduced.

May—October. Flowers small, yellow.

denticulata.* G. McCarthy.

Psoralea melilotoides, Michx.

May—July. Flowers violet.

canescens, Michx. (BUCK ROOT.)

May—July. Flowers blue.

lupinellus, Michx.

May—June. Flowers.

Robinia PSEUD-ACACIA, L. (WHITE LOCUST.)

Introduced as shade trees from the mountains.

March—April.

hispida, L. (ROSE LOCUST.)

April—May. Flowers rose.

var. nana, Ell. PINE WOODS.

Wistaria frutescens, D. C. (VIRGIN'S BOWER.)

(Thyrsanthus frutescens, Ell.)

April—May. Flowers lilac.

†Tephrosia Virginiana, Pers. (RABBIT PEA.)

July. Banner white, heel rose colored, wings red.

hispidula, Pursh.

May—August. Flowers reddish purple.

ambigua, M. A. C.

June—July. Flowers white and purple.

spicata, T. & G.

June—July. Flowers large, white and purple.

Indigofera Caroliniana, Walt. (CAROLINA INDIGO.)

July—September. Flowers reddish brown.

Lathyrus paluster, Linn.

June—July. Flowers blue and purple.

‡var. myrtifolium, Gray.

Æschynomene hispida, Willd. (Hedysarum — ?)

August. Flowers small, yellow.

Zornia tetraphylla, Michx.

June—August. Flowers deep yellow.

[note][note][note]



Styloshanthes elatior, Swartz. (PENCIL FLOWER.)

July—August. Flowers yellow.

Lespedeza capitata, Michx. (BUSH CLOVER.)

August—September.

repens, T. & G. Common.

August—September.

procumbens.* G. McCarthy.

violacea, Persoon.

July—August. Flowers.

violacea, var. sessiliflora, Persoon.

July—August.

hirta, Ell.

August—September. Flowers reddish white.

stuvei, Nutt.

†Desmodium nudiflorum, DeCandolle. (Hedysarum nudifolium, Linn.)

August. Flowers small, purple.

cuspidatum, T. & G.

August. Flowers large, purple.

viridiflorum, Beck. (H. viridifolium, Elliott.)

August. Flowers yellow, green when dry.

rotundifolium, DeCan. (H. rotundifolium, Michx.)

August. Flowers purple.

ochroleucum, M. A. C.

August. Flowers yellow.

Dillenii, Darlington. (Hedysarum Marilandicum, Willd.)

July. Flowers purple.

glabellum, DeCan.

August—September.

paniculatum, DeCan.

July—August. Flowers purple.

strictum, DeCan.

August. Flowers small, purple.

Marilandicum, Boott.

August. Flowers violet purple.

rigidum, DeCan.

August. Flowers violet purple.

lineatum, DeCan.

Flowers and legume small.

Rhynchosia tomentosa, T. & G. (Glycine tomentosa, Linn.)

Flowers yellow.

Rhynchosia tomentosa, var. monophylla, T. & G.

Rhynchosia tomentosa, var. volubilis, T. & G.

Rhynchosia tomentosa, var. erecta, T. & G.

Gleditschia triacanthos, L. (HONEY LOCUST.)

June. Flowers small, green.

Clitoria Mariana, Linn. (Vexillaria Mariana Eaton.)

July—August. Flowers pale purple.

Phaseolus perennis, Walt. (WILD BEAN.)

July—August. Flowers purple and violet.

diversifolius, Pers.

August—October. Flowers purplish.

helvolus, L.

August—September. Flowers purplish.

Erythrina herbacea, L.

April—June. Flowers deep scarlet.

Galactia pilosa, Nuttall.

June—September. Flowers roseate.

var. Macræi,[note] M. A. C. (Watson's Index, 221.)

glabella, Michx.

[note][note]



Schrankia angustata, T. & G. (SENSITIVE PLANT.)

May—July. Flowers purplish.

Arachis HYPOGÆA, Willd. (PEA-NUT. GROUND-NUT.)

Introduced and cultivated as a crop plant.

May—August. Flowers yellow.

Vicia SATIVA, L. (VETCH. TARE.) Introduced—cultivated grounds.

April—May. Flowers pale purple.

HIRSUTA, Koch. Introduced.

April—May. Flowers blueish white.

TETRASPERMA, Loisel.

Melilotus OFFICINALIS, Willd. (YELLOW MELILOT.)

Naturalized about old clearings.

ALBA, Lam. (WHITE MELILOT.) Naturalized about old clearings.

Petalastemon corymbosum, Michx.

September—October. Flowers white.

Centrosema Virginiana, Benth. Dry soil.

June—September.

ROSACEÆ. (ROSE FAMILY.)

Agrimonia Eupatoria, L. (FEVERFEW.)

July. Flowers yellow.

parviflora, Ait.

August. Flowers (petals) yellow.

Fragaria Virginiana, Ehrhenberg. (STRAWBERRY.)

January—May. Flowers white.

INDICA, Ait. (INDIAN STRAWBERRY.)

April—May. Flowers white.

Geum album, Gmelin. (AVENS.)

July. Flowers small, white.

Potentilla NORVEGICA, L. Rare. Introduced.

July—September. Flowers pale yellow.

Canadensis, L. (FIVE-FINGER.) Very common.

April—August. Flowers yellow.

Rosa Carolina, L. (SWAMP ROSE.) Common, most in wet grounds.

May—June.

lucida, Ehrh. (WILD OR DWARF ROSE.) Common in dry woods.

May—July.

RUBIGINOSA, L. (SWEET-BRIER.) Near settlements. Introduced.

May. Flowers orange-red.

LÆVIGATA, Michx. (CHEROKEE ROSE.) Meares’ Bluff.

April. Flowers white.

Rubus villosus, Ait. (HIGH BLACKBERRY.)

February—April. Flowers white.

cuneifolius, Pursh. (LOW BLACKBERRY.)

Common on old fields and roadsides.

February—March. Flowers white.

trivialis, Michx. (DEWBERRY.)

February—April. Flowers white.

Prunus Americana, Marsh. (RED PLUM.)

March—April. Flowers white.

Chicasa, Michx. (CHICASAW PLUM.)

April. Flowers white.





Prunus Caroliniana, Ait. (MOCK ORANGE.) Dr. McRee.

Seacoast of Brunswick county. Introduced as an ornamental shade tree. Fruit very poisonous.

Spiræa tomentosa, L. (HARDHACK.)

June—July. Flowers small, stamens purple.

opulifolia, L. (HARDHACK.) Ger. McCarthy.

Cratægus spathulata, Michx. (NARROW-LEAVED THORN.)

April—May. Flowers small, white.

glandulosa, Michx. (HAIRY THORN.)

flava, Ait. (SUMMER HAW.)

April—May. Flowers white.

parvifolia, Ait. (DWARF THORN.)

apiifolia, Michx. (PARSLEY-LEAVED HAW.)

March—April. Flowers large, white or roseate.

crus-galli, L. (COCK'S-SPUR THORN.)

Pyrus angustifolia, Ait. (NARROW-LEAVED CRAB.)

March. Flowers rose purple.

arbutifolia, L. (CHOKEBERRY.)

March—May. Flowers white.

Amelauchier Canadensis, L. (SERVICE TREE.)

March—May. Flowers white.

CALYCANTHACEÆ. (CAROLINA ALL-SPICE FAMILY.)

Calycanthus FLORIDUS, L. (SWEET SHRUB.) Introduced.

April and May. Flowers brown.

MELASTOMACEÆ. (MELASTOMA FAMILY.)

Rhexia Mariana, L.

June—September. Flowers purple.

var. lanceolata. (R. angustifolia, Nutt.)

June—August. Flowers white or pale purple.

*Virginica, L. (MEADOW BEAUTY.)

July and August. Flowers bright purple.

glabella, Michx. (DEER-GRASS.)

June—August. Flowers pale purple.

lutea, Walt.

June—August. Flowers yellow.

ciliosa, Michx.

June—August. Flowers purple.

LYTHRACEÆ. (LOOSESTRIFE FAMILY.)

Lythrum alatum, Pursh. (LOOSESTRIFE.)

June—July. Flowers purple.

liniare, L.

June. Flowers nearly white.

Nesæa vertificillata, H. B. & K. (SWAMP LOOSESTRIFE.)

July—August. Flowers purple.

Ammannia humilis, Michx. (var. ramosior, Michx.)

Petals purplish.

[note]



ONAGRACEÆ. (EVENING-PRIMROSE FAMILY.)

Gaura angustifolia, Michx. Dry-old fields and sandy places.

Flowers white.

Œnothera bienuis, L. (EVENING PRIMROSE.)

Green's (Kidder's) lower rice field. Common mostly in plantations.

Flowers yellow.

fruticosa, L. (SUNDROPS.) River banks.

June. Flowers yellow.

sinuata, L. Drift sand, near coast.

May—September. Flowers small, axillary.

var. humifusa. Sea beach.

riparia, Nutt. Swamps and river banks.

June—July.

Jussiæa decurrens, D.C. (Ludwigia decurrens.) Sides of ditches.

July.

Ludwigia alternifolia, L. (SEED-BOX.) (L. macrocarpa Michx.)

August. Flowers yellow.

capitata, Michx.

July—August. Flowers yellow.

linearis, Walter.

July—September. Flowers yellow.

pilosa, Walter. (L. Moltis Michx.)

July—September. Flowers yellow.

virgata, Michx.

July—August. Flowers yellow.

hirtella, Rob. Pine woods.

August.

palustris, Elliott. (WATER PURSLANE.)

June—September.

linifolia, Poir. Ditches and swamps.

July—September.

natans, Elliott.

July—September.

arcuata, Walter. Ditches and margin of ponds.

July.

sphærocarpa, Elliott. Rare.

July—September.

Proserpinaca palustris, L. (MERMAID WEED.)

June—August. Flowers greenish.

pectinacea, Lam.

July—August.

Myriophyllum verticillatum, L. (WATER MILFOIL.)

July. Flowers small, green axilla.

heterophylium, Michx.

July

CACTACEÆ. (CACTUS FAMILY.)

Opuntia vulgaris, Mill. (PRICKLY PEAR.) (Cactus opuntia.)

May—June. Flowers yellow.

PASSIFLORACEÆ. (PASSION FLOWER FAMILY.)

Passiflora incarnata, L. (MAY-POP. PASSION FLOWER.)

June—July. Flowers purple and white.

lutea, L.

June—July. Flowers small, greenish yellow.





CUCURBITACEÆ. (GOURD FAMILY.)

Lagenaria VULGARIS, Sering. (GOURD.) About settlements.

May—June. Flowers yellow.

Sicyos angulatus, L. (ONE-SEEDED CUCUMBER.) G. McCarthy.

Melothria pendula, L. In rice fields and elsewhere.

May—August. Flowers small, yellow.

CRASSULACEÆ. (ORPINE FAMILY.)

Penthorum sedoides, L. Ditch stone crop.

July—September.

SAXIFRAGACEÆ. (SAXIFRAGE FAMILY.)

Saxifraga Virginiensis, Pursh. (EARLY SAXIFRAGE.)

April—May. Flowers white.

Heuchera Americana, L. (ALUM-ROOT.)

April—May. Flowers white.

Itea Virginica, L.

May—June. Flowers white.

Decumaria barbara, L. (D. sarmentoso, Ell.)

May—June. Flowers odorous, white.

HAMAMELACEÆ. (WITCH-HAZEL FAMILY.)

Hamamelis Virginica, L. (WITCH-HAZEL.)

Winter. Flowers yellow.

Fothergilla alnifolia, L. (DWARF ALDER.)

March—April. Flowers white.

Liquidambar Styraciflua, L. (SWEET-GUM.)

May.

UMBELLIFERÆ. (PARSLEY FAMILY.)

Hydrocotyle repauda, Pers.

June—August.

umbellata, L. (WATER GRASS.)

May—July.

ranunculoides, L.

July—August.

iuterrupta, Muhl.

June.

Cicuta maculata, L. (WATER HEMLOCK. WILD PARSNIP.)

July. Flowers white.

Daueus pusillus, Michx. (DWARF CARROT.) Smithville.

June. Flowers white or yellowish.

Eryngium yuccæfolium, Michx. (BUTTON SNAKEROOT.) (E. aquaticum, Linn.)

June. Flowers blue.

Virginianum, Lam.

July. Flowers blue.

virgatum, Lam.

August. Flowers blue.

præaltum, Gray. (E. Virginianum, Ell.)

August. Flowers white.

Archemora rigida, D.C. (COWBANE. PIG POTATOE.) (Sium denticulatum.)

August—September. Flowers white.

ternata, Nutt.

November. Flowers white.





Sanicula Cauadensis, L. (SANICLE.)

May.

Marylandica, L.

May.

Discopleura capillacea, D. C. (BISHOP WEED.) (Sison capillacens.)

June—July. Flowers white.

costata.* Gerald McCarthy.

Tiedemannia teretifolia, D. C. (WATER DROP-WORT.) (Oenanthe filiformis, Walt.)

August. Flowers white.

Crantzia lineata, Nutt. Muddy banks of rivers.

July. Flowers small whitish.

Pastinaca SATIVA, L. (PARSNIP.) About settlements.

Leptocaulis divaricatus, D. C. Dry sandy soil.

April. Flowers white.

Thaspium barbinode, Nutt. River banks.

May—June. Flowers pale yellow.

aureum, Nutt. (MEADOW PARSNIP.) Rocky Point—rich soil.

May. Flowers yellow.

ARALIACEÆ. (GINSENG FAMILY.)

Aralia spinosa. (PRICKLY ASH. HERCULES CLUB)

July—August. Flowers whitish.

CORNACEÆ. (DOGWOOD FAMILY.)

Cornus florida, L. (DOGWOOD.)

May. Involucre white.

stricta, Lam.

April. Involucre white.

Nyssa multiflora, Wang. (SOUR GUM. TUPELO.)

May. Flowers greenish.

aquatica, L. (BLACK GUM.)

April—May. Flowers minute.

uniflora, Walt. (COTTON GUM.) Deep swamps. Point Peter near R. R. bridge.

April. Flowers small, greenish.

CAPRIFOLIACEÆ. (HONEYSUCKLE FAMILY.)

Lonicera sempervirens, Ait. (WOODBINE.)

April—September. Flowers red.

Sambucus Canadensis, L. (ELDER.)

June—July. Flowers white.

Viburnum prunifolium, L. (BLACK HAW.)

April—May. Flowers small, white.

nudum, L. (POSSUM HAW. SHAWNEE HAW.)

April—May.

dentatum, L. (ARROWWOOD.)

March—May.

[note]



RUBIACEÆ. (MADDER FAMILY.)

Galium pilosum, Ait.

June—September. Flowers purple.

hispidulum, Michx.

May—September. Flowers greenish-white.

trifidum, L. (SMALL BEDSTRAW.)

June—July. Flowers white.

circæzans, Michx. (WILD LICORICE.)

July. Flowers purple.

Diodia Virginiana, L. (BUTTON WEED.) (D. tetragona.)

June—September. Flowers white or purplish.

teres, Walter.

June—September. Flowers purplish.

Cephalanthus occidentalis, L. (BUTTON-BUSH. BOX.)

June. Flowers white.

Mitchella repens, L. (WILD RUNNING BOX.)

March—April. Flowers white.

Oldenlandia cœrulea, Gray. (BLUETS.)

February—March. Flowers pale blue.

purpurea, Gray.

June—July. Flowers purple or nearly white.

var. longifolia, Gray.

glomerata, Michx.

July. Flowers greenish white.

Gelsemium sempervirens, Ait. (YELLOW JESSAMINE.)

March—April. Flowers yellow.

Spigelia Marilandica, L. (PINK ROOT.) Rare.

July. Flowers red.

Mitreola petiolata, T. & G. (MITREWORT.) Muddy banks.

June—September. Flowers small, white.

sessilifolia, T. & G. Grassy swamps.

July—September.

Polypremum procumbens, L.

June—September. Flowers small, white.

COMPOSITÆ. (COMPOSITE FAMILY.)

Achillea millefolium, L. (MILFOIL. YARROW.)

June—September. Flowers white or rose.

Ambrosia artemisiæfolia, L. (RAGWEED. STICK-WEED. CARROT-WEED.)

August—September. Flowers unsightly.

Maruta COTULA, D. C. (Anthemis cotula.) (MAY WEED. FALSE CHAMOMILE.) Dr. McRee at F. Waddell's. Streets and roadsides.

June—September. Rays white.

Aster concolor, L.

August—September. Rays purple, pappus rust colored.

undulatus, L.

August—September. Flowers pale blue.

dumosus, L.

September. Rays purplish white.

flexuosus, Nutt. Salt marshes.

August—October. Flowers purple.

paludosus, Ait.

August—October. Rays violet blue.

linifolius, L. Salt marshes.

October.

Elliottii, T. & G.

spectabilis, Ait.

squarrosus, Walter.

September—November. Rays blue.

patens, Ait.





simplex, Willd.

September. Rays pale blue.

miser, L.

Novi-Belgii, L.

Rays pale blue or purplish.

carneus, Nees.

Novæ Augliæ, L.

Rays violet purple.

longifolius, Lam.

Baccharis halimifolia, L. (GROUNDSEL.)

September—October. Flowers white.

glomeruliflora, Pers. (B. Sessiliflora, Michx.)

November. Flowers white.

Baldwinia uniflora, Nutt. Brunswick county.

Disk flowers, dark purple.

Bidens bipinnata, L. (SPANISH NEEDLES. BEGGAR-LICE.)

August—September. Rays yellow.

chrysanthemoides, Michx. (BUR-MARIGOLD.)

September—October.

frondosa, L.

July—September.

Boltonia glastifolia, L'Her.

July—September. Rays white. (Barkhausia Caroliniana, Ell.)

Pyrrhopappus Carolinianus, D. C. (FALSE DANDELION.)

April - July. Flowers yellow. (Buphthalmum frutescens L.)

Borrichia frutescens, D. C. (SEA OX-EYE.) Salt marshes.

June—October. Flowers yellow.

Chaptalia tomentosa, Vent.

February—April. Flowers white or purplish.

Leucanthemum VULGARE, Lam. (WHITE DAISY. WHITE WEED.) (Chrysanthemum leucanthemum, L.) Introduced, Found in meadows. Common in vacant lots.

May—July. Flowers white.

Bigelovia nudata, D. C. (Chrysocoma nudata, Michx.)

August—September, Flowers yellow.

Chrysogonum Virginiauum, L.

February—March. Flowers yellow.

Chrysopsis graminifolia, Nutt. (SILVER GRASS. SCURVY GRASS.)

August—September. Flowers yellow.

Mariana, Nutt.

September.

gossypina, Nutt.

September. Flowers yellow.

var. dentata, Ell. Leaves larger than the above; lowest leaves semiate toothed.

trichophylla, Nutt.

*Cirsium altissimum, Spreng.

August—September. Flowers purple.

horridulum, Michx. (YELLOW THISTLE.)

Causeway between the ferries.

April—May. Flowers often purple.

repandum, Michx. Sand barrens.

June—July. Flowers purple.

†Virginianum, Michx.

August—September. Flowers purple.

Coreopsis lanceolata, L.

May—June. Rays yellow.

integrifolia, Poir.

September. Rays yellow.

[note][note]



anrea, Ait. (C. mitis, Michx.)

August—October. Rays yellow, showy.

trichosperma, Michx. (TICK-SEED. SUNFLOWER.)

September.

verticillata, L. (C. tenuifolia, Ell.)

August. Disk yellow.

auriculata, L. June—September.

Rays yellow, showy.

discoidea, T. & G.

July—September.

angustifolia, Ait.

September—October. Rays yellow.

*Eclipta erecta, L.

September—October. Flowers white.

Elephantopus Carolinianus, Willd. (ELEPHANT'S FOOT.)

July—August. Flowers purple.

tomentosus, L. (E. nudicaulis, Ell.)

June.—August. Flowers pale purple.

Erigeron bellidifolium, Muhl. (ROBIN'S PLANTAIN.)

March—April. Rays blueish yellow.

Canadensis, L. (HORSE-WEED. HOG-WEED.)

May—September. Rays white.

Philadelphicum. L. (FLEABANE.)

May. Rays purplish

vernum, T. & G. (E. nudicaule, Michx.)

April. Rays white.

strigosum. Muhl. (DAISY FLEABANE.)

June. Rays white or rose.

Eupatorium album, L.

September.

aromaticum, L. (WILD HOREHOUND.)

September. Flowers white.

coronopifolium, Willd. (DOG FENNEL.)

September—October. Flowers white.

fœniculaceum, Willd. (DOG FENNEL.)

September—October. Flowers white.

incarnatum, Walt. Dr. McRee. Rocky Point.

September. Flowers pale purple.

hyssopifolium, L. (E. linearifolium, Walt.)

September.

perfoliatum, L. (WILD SAGE. BONESET. THOROUGHWORT.)

September. Flowers white.

serotinum, Michx.

September.

rotundifolium, L.

August.

teucrifolium, Willd. (E. verbenæfolium, Michx.)

September. Flowers white.

Guaphalium polycephalum, Michx. (EVERLASTING.)

September—October. Flowers yellow.

purpureum, L. (CUDWEED.)

April—June. Purplish scales; corolla yellow.

Helenium autumnale, L. (SNEEZE-WEED.)

August—September. Flowers yellow.

quadridentatum, Labill.

June—August. Rays yellow.

†tenuifolium, Nutt. G. McCarthy.

[note][note]



Helianthus angustifolius, L. (SUNFLOWER.)

October. Flowers yellow.

atrorubens, L. (H. sparsifolius, Ell.)

September—October. Flowers yellow.

heterophyllus, Nutt.

giganteus, L.

September. Rays yellow.

annuus, L.* G. McCarthy.

Hieracium Gronovii, L.

September—October. Flowers yellow.

paniculatum, L.

August—September. Flowers yellow.

Iva frutescens, L. (MARSH ELDER.)

August—September. Flowers whitish.

imbricata, Walt. Sea coast.

August—September. Flowers whitish.

Krigia Virginica, Willd.

March—May. Flowers yellow.

Caroliniana, Nutt.

February—March. Flowers yellow.

Kuhaia Eupatorioides, L. (K. critonia, Ell.)

September. Flowers yellowish white.

Lactuca elongata, Muhl. (WILD LETTUCE.)

July—September. Flowers white, purple, blue or yellow.

var. graminifolia, M. A. C.

†Taraxacum Dens-Leonis, Desf. (DANDELION.) (Leontodon Taraxacum.)

May—August. Flowers yellow.

Leptopoda puberula, Macbride.

April—May. Disk yellow.

‡fimbriatum, Gray.

April—May. Disk yellow.

§Trilisa odoratissima, Cass. (VANILLA-PLANT. DOG-TONGUE.)

July—August. Flowers purple.

paniculata, Willd.

September. Flowers pale purple or white.

spicata, Willd. (BUTTON SNAKEROOT.)

August. Flowers bright purple.

Cichorium INTYBUS, L. (CHICCORY.) Adventive—found in ballast.

July. Flowers yellow.

Liatris squarrosa, Willd. (BLAZING STAR.)

July—August. Flowers purple.

tenuifolia, Nutt.

September. Flowers purple.

pauciflora, Pursh.

September. Flowers purple.

elegans, Willd.* G. McCarthy.

August. Flowers purple.

graminifolia, Pursh.

September. Flowers purple.

Marshallia angustifolia, Pursh.

July—August. Flowers purplish with blue anthers.

lanceolata, Pursh

April—June. Flowers purplish.

Mikania scandens, Willd. (CLIMBING HEMP-WEED.)

(M. pubescens, Muhl.)

August—September. Flowers whitish.

[note][note][note][note]



Polymnia Uvedalia, L. (BEAR'S-FOOT.)

July—August. Rays bright yellow.

Prenanthes alba, L. (Nabalus albus, Hook.)

September. Flowers white.

virgata, Mich. (Nabulus virgatus, D. C.)

September. Flowers purplish.

altissima, L. (Nabulus altissimus, Hook.)

September. Flowers yellowish or greenish white.

Pterocaulon pycnostachyum, Ell. (BLACK-ROOT.)

June—July. Flowers white.

Melanthera hastata, Michx.

August—September.

Rudbeckia hirta, L. (CONE FLOWER.)

July—August. Rays yellow.

Senecio lobatus, Pers.

March—April. Flowers yellow.

tomentosus, Michx.

April—May. Flowers yellow.

Erechthites hieracifolia, Rafinesque. (FIREWEED.)

(Senecio hieracifolius, L.)

July—September. Flowers greenish.

Silphium compositum, Michx. (ROSIN-WEED.)

See note in Gray's “Flora of North America.”

July—September. Flowers yellow.

Solidago cæsia, L.

September. Flowers yellow.

odora, Ait. (ANISE-SCENTED GOLDEN-ROD.)

October. Flowers yellow.

verna, M. A. C. Found on Duplin Road 3 to 5 miles from Wilmington, near Prigge's. See Map.

May—June. Flowers yellow.

sempervireus, L. (S. limonifolia, Pers.)

September—October. Flowers yellow.

bicolor, L.

September. Rays whitish.

tenuifolia, Pursh.

October. Flowers yellow.

arguta, Ait.

September. Flowers yellow.

var. juncea.

September. Flowers yellow.

tortifolia, Ell.

September. Flowers yellow.

*altissima, L. (S. rugosa, Ell. S. Ulmifolia. S. Uspera.)

September—October. Flowers yellow.

†angustifolia, Ell.

October. Flowers yellow.

Elliottii, Tor. & Gray.

September. Flowers yellow.

Boottii, Hook.

September. Flowers yellow.

pilosa, Walt. (S. pyramidata.)

September—October. Flowers yellow.

puberula, Nutt.

September. Flowers yellow.

var. pulverulenta.

September. Flowers yellow.

petiolaris, Ait.

September. Flowers yellow.

virgata, Michx. (Syn. S. stricta. Part II, p. 150.)

Gray's Flora No. Am., Vol. I, September. Flowers yellow.

[note][note]



*Sonchus OLERACEUS, L. (SOW-THISTLE.) Introduced.

June—August. Flowers yellow.

Vernonia angustifolia, Michx.

June—August. Flowers purple.

Novæboracensis, Willd. (IRON-WEED.)

July—September. Flowers purple.

Xanthium STRUMARIUM, L. (COCKLE-BUR.)

July—September.

SPINOSUM, L. (THORNY COCKLE-BUR.)

August—September.

Conoclinium cœlestinum, D. C. (MIST-FLOWER.

September. Flowers blueish purple.

Seriocarpus conyzoides, Nees. (WHITE-TOPPED ASTER.)

(Aster conyzoides.)

August. Disk flowers yellow.

solidagineus, Nees. (Aster solidaginoides.)

August. Disk flowers yellow.

tortifolius, Nees. (RATTLESNAKE'S MASTER.)

August. Disk flowers yellow.

Acanthospermum XANTHIOIDES, D. C.

Streets of Wilmington. Introduced since 1868. Nat. from So. Am.

July—August. Flowers yellowish.

Pluchea bifrons, D. C. (Conyza bifrons, Ell.) MARSH FLEABANE.)

September. Flowers purplish.

fætida, D. C. (STINKING FLEABANE.) [C. Marilandica, Ell.]

September. Flowers purple.

camphorata, D. C.

September. Flowers light purple.

Tanacetum VULGARE. L. (TANSY.) Introduced. About settlements.

June—July. Flowers yellow.

Artemisia caudata, Michx. (WILD WORMWOOD.)

September.

Mulgedium acuminatum, D. C. (BLUE LETTUCE.) [Sonchus Ell.]

September. Flowers blue.

Spilanthes repens, Michx. Near Wilmington.

August. Flowers yellow.

LOBELIACEÆ. (LOBELIA FAMILY.)

Lobelia cardinalis, L. (CARDINAL FLOWER.) Rice fields and river swamps.

July—October. Flowers scarlet.

Nuttallii, R. & S. (L. Kalmii, Ell.)

August—September. Flowers pale blue.

puberula, Michx. (BLUE LOBELIA.)

August—September. Flowers bright blue.

syphilitica, L. (GREAT LOBELIA.)

August—September. Flowers light blue.

Canbyi, Gray.

paludosa, Nutt.

May—August. Flowers white or pale blue.

glandulosa, Walt.

October. Flowers pale blue.

amœna, Michx.

September—October. Flowers bright blue.

[note]



CAMPANULACEÆ. (CAMPANULA FAMILY.)

Campanula Americana, L. (BELL-FLOWER.)

August—September. Flowers blue.

ERICACEÆ. (HEATH FAMILY.)

Gaylussacia frondosa, Tor. & Gray. (BLUE HUCKLEBERRY.)

(Vaccinium frondosa.)

April. Flowers white or reddish.

dumosa, T. & G. (DWARF HUCKLEBERRY.) [V. dumosa.]

April—May. Flowers white.

var. hirtella.

April—May. Flowers white.

Vaccinium corymbosum, L. (SWAMP HUCKLEBERRY.) Common.

February—April. Flowers white.

tenellum, Ait.

April. Flowers white.

arboreum, Mich. (SPARKLE BERRY.)

May. Flowers white.

stamineum, L. (DEERBERRY. GOOSEBERRY.)

May—June. Flowers whitish.

myrsinites, Mich. Pine barrens.

March—April. Flowers white.

crassifolium, And. (CREEPING HUCKLEBERRY.)

Common moist sandy savannahs and pine woods.

February—March. Flowers white or rose color.

Epigea repens, L. (TRAILING ARBUTUS. CROCUS.)

Sand hills, half hidden under leaves of scrub oak.

February—March. Flowers white or rose color.

Gaultheria procumbens, L. (MOUNTAIN TEA. WINTER GREEN.)

June. Flowers white.

Leucothœ axillaris, Don. (Andxomeda axillaris, Lam.)

February—March. Flowers white.

racemosa. (A. racemosa, L.)

April—May. Flowers white.

Cassandra calyculata, Don. (A. calyculata, L.)

April. Flowers white.

Andromeda nitida, Bartram. (FETTER BUSH.)

March—May. Flowers white, red or purple.

Mariana, L. (STAGGER BUSH.)

April—May. Flowers white.

speciosa, Mich.

May. Flowers white.

ligustrina, Muhl. (PEPPER BUSH.) (A. paniculata.)

May. Flowers white.

Oxydendrum arboreum, D. C. (SOUR WOOD. SORRELL TREE.)

April—May. Flowers white.

Clethra alnifolia, L. (WHITE ALDER. SWEET PEPPER BUSH.)

May—October. Flowers white.

var. tomentosa.

May—October. Flowers white.

Kalmia latifolia, L. (IVY.) Dr. McRee. Rocky Point.

May—June. Flowers white to deep rose color.

angustifolia, L. (WICKY.)

May—October. Flowers rose red.

cuncata, Mich.

Flowers white.





Azalea nudiflora, L. (PURPLE HONEYSUCKLE.) Savannahs. Common.

April. Flowers white varying to rose color.

viscosa, L. (CLAMMY HONEYSUCKLE.)

July—August. Flowers white.

Leiophyllum buxifolium, Ell. (SAND MYRTLE.) Brunswick county.

May. Flowers white.

Pyrola rotundifolia, L. (FALSE WINTER GREEN.)

June—July. Flowers white.

Chimaphila umbellata, Nutt. (PRINCE'S PINE. PIPSISSEWA.)

June. Flowers white.

maculata, Pursh. (SPOTTED WINTER GREEN.)

June. Flowers white.

Monotropa uniflora, S. (EYE-BRIGHT. INDIAN PIPE.)

August—September. Flowers white.

AQUIFOLIACEÆ. (HOLLY FAMILY.)

Hex opaca, Ait. (HOLLY.)

April—May. Flowers white.

verticillata, Gray.

April. Flowers white.

Dahoon, Walt. var. myrtifolia, Chap. (DAHOON HOLLY.)

April—May. Flowers white.

Cassine, L [16] (YAUPON.) [I. vomitoria.]

Found near Wilmington Dec., 1884, with yellow berries.

April. Flowers white.

glabra, Gray. (GALLBERRY. INKBERRY.)

May. Flowers white.

coriacea, Chap. (TALL GALLBERRY.)

May. Flowers white.

STYRACACEÆ. (STORAX FAMILY.)

Styrax grandifolia, Ait. (MOCK ORANGE.)

April—May. Flowers white.

Americana, Lam. (S. glabrum, Ell.)

May. Flowers white.

Halcsia tetraptera, L. (SNOW-DROP TREE.)

March—April. Flowers white.

Symplocos tinctoria, L'Her. (YELLOW WOOD. SWEET LEAF.)

[Hopea tinctoria.]

March. Flowers yellow.

CYRILLACEÆ. (CYRILLA FAMILY.)

Cyrilla racemiflora, Walt. (BURN-WOOD BARK. HE HUCKLEBERRY.)

July. White flowers.

EBENACEÆ. (EBONY FAMILY.)

Diospyros Virginiana, L. (PERSIMMON.)

May—June. Flowers greenish.





SAPOTACEÆ. (SAPODILLA FAMILY.)

Bumelia lycioides, Gært. (CAROLINA BUCKTHORN.)

Fruits September. Fruit a fleshy berry ovoid-black.

June—July. Flowers greenish.

PLANTAGINACEÆ. (PLANTAIN FAMILY.)

Plantago MAJOR, L. (PLANTAIN.) Introduced.

May—August. Flowers white.

LANCEOLATA, L. (NARROW LEAVED PLANTAIN.)

May—August. Flowers white.

Virginica, L.

April—June.

sparsiflora, Mich. (P. interrupta, Lam.)

June—September.

PLUMBAGINACEÆ. (LEADWORT FAMILY.)

Statice Caroliniana, Walt. (MARSH ROSEMARY.) [S. limonium.]

August—September. Flowers blue.

PRIMULACEÆ (PRIMROSE FAMILY.)

Lysimachia stricta, Ait. (LOOSE STRIFE.) Walker's causeway.

July. Flowers yellow.

ciliata, L. Dr. McRee. Rocky Point.

July—August. Flowers yellow.

Anagallis ARVENSIS, L. Introduced. Rare.

July. Flowers red.

Samolus floribundus, Kunth. (BROOK-WEED.) [S. valerandi.]

May—July.

valerandi var. Americana,* W. M. C. Fort Fisher.

LENTIBULACEÆ. (BLADDERWORT FAMILY.)

Utricularia inflata, Walt. (BLADDERWORT.)

April—May. Flowers yellow.

striata, LeConte.

September. Flowers yellow.

fibrosa, Walt. [M. longirootris, LeConte.]

May—June. Flowers yellow.

cornuta, Mich. [M. personata, LeConte.]

July—September. Flowers yellow.

permeata,* LeConte. Ger. McCarthy, near McIlhenny's mill pond.

August. Flowers yellow.

subulata, L. [M. Setacea, Michx.]

February—May. Flowers yellow.

personata,* Vahl. Ger. McCarthy.

purpurea, Walt.

June. Flowers purple.

[note]



Pinguicula lutea, Walt. (BUTTERWORT.)

February—April. Flowers yellow.

elatior, Michx.

March—April. Flowers purple to white.

pumila,* Michx. McIlhenny's pond.

March—April. Flowers purple to white.

BIGNONIACEÆ. (BIGNONIA FAMILY.)

Bignonia Capreolata, L. (CROSS-VINE.)

April. Flowers red.

Tecoma radicans, Jussieux. (TRUMPET-FLOWER.) [B. radicans.]

May—June. Flowers scarlet.

Catalpa BIGNONIOIDES, Walt. (CATALPA.) Introduced.

May. Flowers white.

Martynia PROBOSCIDEA, Glox. (MARTINO. UNICORN PLANT.)

June—August. Flowers white.

OROBANCHACEÆ. (BROOM-ROPE FAMILY.)

Epiphegus Virginiana, Bartram. (BEECH-DROPS.) Rev. Mr. Hunt.

August. Flowers purplish.

Conopholis Americana, Wall'r. (SQUAW-ROOT.)

Dr. McRee. Rocky Point. [Orobranche Americana.]

April. Flowers yellowish.

SCROPHULARIACEÆ. (FIGWORT FAMILY.)

Verbascum THAPSUS, L. (MULLEIN.) Introduced.

May—August. Flowers yellow.

BLATTARIA, L. (MOTH MULLEIN.)

May—August. Flowers yellow.

Scrophularia nodosa, L. (FIG WORT.) [S. Marilandica, L.]

September. Greenish purple.

Chelone glabra, L. (SNAKE-MOUTH.)

July. Flowers white or rose color.

†var. purpurea.

July. Flowers purple.

Pentstemon pubescens, Soland. (BEARD-TONGUE.)

June—July. Flowers purple.

var. lævigatus.

June—July. Flowers purple.

Linaria Cauadensis, Spreng. (TOAD FLAX.) [Antirrhinum Canadense, L.]

April.—May. Flowers blue and white.

SPURIA, L. Introduced.

Mimnlus riugens, L. (MONKEY-FLOWER.)

August. Flowers showy.

[note][note]



Herpestis nigrescens, Benth. [Gratiola acuminata, Walt.]

August—September. Flowers striped with blue.

Monnieria, H. B. & K. (H. cuneifolia.) Fort Fisher.

June—September. Flowers white or pale blue.

amplexicaulis, Pursh.

July—September. Flowers blue.

Gratiola Virginiana, L. (HEDGE HYSSOP.)

April—May. Flowers white.

spærocarpa, Ell. (G. Caroliana.)

March—May. Flowers white.

pilosa, Mich.

June—August. Flowers white.

Hysanthes gratioloides, Benth. (FALSE PIMPERNEL.)

(Lindernia attenuata. Gratiola tetragona.)

May—September. Flowers small, purplish.

Micrauthemum orbiculatum, Mich.

June—October. Flowers white.

Veronica ARVENSIS, L. (CORN SPEEDWELL.)

May—June. Flowers pale blue.

peregrina, L. (PURSLANE SPEEDWELL.)

April—June. Flowers white.

serpyllifolia, L. (PAUL'S BOTANY.)

May—September. Flowers blue.

Seymeria tenuifolia, Pursh.

August—September. Flowers yellow.

Dasystoma pubescens, Benth. (FALSE FOXGLOVE.) (Gerardia flava, L.)

July—September. Flowers yellow.

pectinata, Benth. (G. pectinata.)

August—September. Flowers yellow.

Gerardia linifolia, Nutt. (FLAX-LEAVED GERARDIA.)

September. Flowers purple.

aphylla, Nutt.

September. Flowers purple.

divaricata, Chap.

September. Flowers purple.

purpurea, L. (PURPLE GERARDIA.)

September. Flowers purple.

var. fasciculata.

September. Flowers purple.

maritima, Raf. Sea beach.

September. Flowers purple.

tenuifolia, Vahl.

September. Flowers purple.

setacea, Ell. (G. Plunkettii, Ell.)

September. Flowers purple.

Schwalbea Americana, L. (CHAFF-SEED.)

May—June. Flowers yellow and purple.

ACANTHACEÆ. (ACANTHUS FAMILY.)

Dipteracanthus strepens, Nees. (Ruellia strepens, L.)

June—September. Flowers blue or purple.

Dianthera ovata, Walt. (WATER WILLOW.) (Justicia humilis.)

July—August. Flowers pale blue





VERBENACEÆ. (VERVAIN FAMILY.)

Verbena Caroliniana, Michx.

August. Flowers pink.

OFFICINALIS, L. (VERVAIN.) Introduced. (V. spuria, L.)

July—August. Flowers purple.

urticifolia, L. (WHITE VERVAIN.) Rocky Point. Dr. McRee.

August—October. Flowers white or pale blue.

Lippia nodiflora, Michx. (FOG-FRUIT.) (Zapania nodiflora, Lam.)

May—September. Flowers white or purple.

Callicarpa Americana, L (BERMUDA MULBERRY.)

June—July. Flowers blue.

LABIATÆ. (MINT FAMILY.)

Hyptis radiata, Willd.

July—September. Flowers white.

Mentha VIRIDIS, L. (SPEARMINT.) Introduced. (M. tenuis, Michx.)

July—September. Flowers pale blue.

PIPERITA, L. (PEPPERMINT.) Introduced.

July—September. Flowers white or blue.

ROTUNDIFOLIA, L. (ROUND-LEAVED MINT.) Rare.

Causeway Kidder's rice field. Wharves.

July. Flowers white.

Lycopus Virginicus, L. (BUGLE-WEED.)

September. Flowers white.

sinuatus, Ell. (L. exaltatus, Ell.)

July.

Pycnanthemum aristatum, Michx.

August—September. Flowers white.

incanum, Michx. (MOUNTAIN MINT.)

August—September. Flowers white.

linifolium, Pursh. Rocky Point. Dr. McRee.

August—September.

Collinsouia punctata, Ell.

September. Flowers yellowish.

Calamiutha NEPETA, Link. Common about the streets. Introduced.

July—September. Flowers purple.

Salvia lyrata, L.

April—May. Flowers blue.

Monarda punctata, L. (RIGNUM.)

August—October. Flowers yellowish with purple bracts.

Nepeta CATARIA, L. (CATNIP.) Introduced

July—September. Flowers white.

Scutellaria integrifolia, L.

May—July. Flowers blue.

pilosa Michx.

July—August. Flowers pale blue.

nervosa,* Pursh. Ger. McCarthy.

July.

serrata, Andr.

July. Flowers blue.

Macbridea pulchra, Ell. Rare. Point Peter causeway.

August—September. Flowers purple.

[note]



Physostegia Virginiana, Benth. (DRAGON-HEAD.)

(Dracocephalum obovatum, Ell.)

June—August. Flowers purplish.

Lamium AMPLEXICAULE, L. (DEAD-NETTLE HEN-BIT.) Introduced.

Common in gardens, fields and highways. May. Flowers purple.

Marrubium VULGARE, L. (HOREHOUND.) Introduced.

July—September. Flowers white.

Leonurus CARDIACA, L. (MOTHER-WORT.) Introduced.

Stachys hyssopifolia, Mich. (HEDGE-NETTLE.)

June—August. Flowers violet.

Trichostema dichotomum, L. (BLUE-CURLS.)

August—September. Flowers blue.

Teucrium Canadeuse, L. (WOOD-SAGE.)

July—September. Flowers purplish.

BORRAGINACEÆ. (BORAGE FAMILY.)

Heliotropium Curassavicum, L. (HELIOTROPE.) Near the coast.

June August. Flowers white.

EUROPEUM, L.* G. McCarthy.

July.

Onosmodium Virginianum, D. C. (O. hispidum, Michx.)

May—June. Flowers greenish.

Heliophytum INDICUM, D. C. (Heliotropum Indicum.)

(INDIAN HELIOTROPE.) Introduced.

June—October. Flowers blue.

Lithospermum ARVENSE. L. (CORN GROMWELL.) Belvidere.

May—April. Flowers yellowish white.

Echium VULGARE, L. (BLUEWEED. VIPER'S BUGLOSS.)

Common in streets, gardens and waste places.

June—September. Flowers blue or purple.

HYDROPHYLLACEÆ. (WATER-LEAF FAMILY.)

Phacelia parviflora, Pursh.

April—May. Flowers pale blue or white.

HYDROLEACEÆ. (HYDROLEA FAMILY.)

Hydrolea quadrivalvis, Walt.

July—August. Flowers blue.

POLEMONIACEÆ. (POLEMONIUM FAMILY.)

†Phlox paniculata, L. (PHLOX.) Near Eden's Mills. Common in streets.

June—July. Flowers purple or white.

‡subulata, L. (WILD PINK.) April—May. Flowers purple or white.

[note][note][note]



Pyxidauthera barbulata, Mich. (FLOWERING MOSS.)

Common in savannahs. [Diapensia barbulata, Ell.]

March—April. Flowers white.

CONVOLVULACEÆ. (CONVOLVULUS FAMILY.)

Quamoclit COCCINEA, Mœnch. (CYPRESS VINE.)

Common in cultivated grounds.

July—August. Flowers sometimes yellowish scarlet.

Pharbitis NIL, Chois. (MORNING GLORY.)

July—September. Flowers purple.

Ipomœa commutata, R. & S. (I. trichocarpa, Ell.)

August—October. Flowers purple.

pandurata, Meyer. (WILD POTATO.)

August—October. Flowers white.

sagittifolia, Bot. Reg. (Convolvulus sagiltifolius, Michx.)

Smithville.

July—September. Flowers purple.

lacunosa, L.

August—October. Flowers white.

Calystegia PARADOXA, Pursh.

Flowers white.

Stylisma humistrata, Chap. (Convolvulus tenellus, Ell.)

July—September. Flowers white.

aquatica, Chap.

July—September. Flowers purple.

Pickeringii, Gray.

July—September. Flowers white.

Dichondra repens, Forster. var. Caroliniensis, Chois.

March—October. Flowers greenish white.

Cuscuta arvensis, Beyr. (LOVE VINE DODDER.)

June—July. Flowers yellowish.

Gronovii, Willd. (C. Americana, Pursh, D. C.)

August—September. Flowers white.

compacta, Juss.

July—October. Flowers whitish.

SOLANACEÆ. (NIGHTSHADE FAMILY.)

Solanum aigrum, L. (NIGHTSHADE.) Common near settlements.

July—September. Flowers white.

Carolineuse, L. (HORSE-NETTLE.)

June—September. Flowers blue or white.

Physalis viscosa, L. (GROUND CHERRY.) July—October. Flowers yellow.

lanceolata, Michx. On the coast.

July—October. Flowers yellow in the throat.

augulata, L. Waste grounds.

July—October. Flowers yellow.

pubescens, L. Waste grounds.

July—October. Flowers bright yellow.

Datura STRAMONIUM. (JAMESTOWN-WEED. JIMSON-WEED.)

June—October. Flowers white.

var. Tatula.

Flowers purplish.

QUERCIFOLIA, H. B. K. Ballast.

August. Flowers white.

METEL, L. Lower District. Dr. McRee. Causeway.

July. Flowers white.





WRIGHTH. Escaped from cultivation. Smithville.

July. Flowers white.

Petunia —. Found in dumping grounds. Escaped from cultivation.

July. Flowers white.

GENTIANACEÆ. (GENTIAN FAMILY.)

Sabbatia angularis, Pursh. (CENTAURY.) Savannas.

July—August. Flowers purple.

brachiata, Ell.

July—August. Flowers purple.

calycosa, Pursh.

July—August. Flowers white.

paniculata, Pursh.

August. Flowers reddish, margins of petals and throat of corolla sometimes distinctive pink.

gentianoides, Ell.

July—August. Flowers purple.

stellaris, Pursh. Salt marshes.

August—September. Flowers white.

Gentiana Elliottii, Chap. (SAMPSON SNAKE-ROOT.)

October. Flowers bright blue.

Saponaria, L. (SAMPSON SNAKE-ROOT.)

September—October. Flowers light blue.

angustifolia, Michx. (NARROW-LEAVED GENTIAN.)

November—December. Flowers green without, white within.

Bartonia tenella, Muhl.

September—October. Flowers greenish white.

verna, Muhl. (Centaurella verna, Michx.) Moist sandy places.

February—April.

Obolaria Virginica, L. Rocky Point. Dr. McRee.

March—April. Flowers purplish.

Limnanthemum lacunosum, Griseb. (FLOATING HEART.)

June—July. Flowers white.

trachyspermum, Gray.

April—June. Flowers white.

APOCYNACEÆ. (DOGBANE FAMILY.)

Apocynum cannabinum, L. (INDIAN HEMP.)

Dr. McRee. Rocky Point, Masonboro Sound.

July—August. Flowers greenish white.

Forsteronia difformis, A. D. C. (Echites difformis, Walt.)

May—August. Flowers yellow.

Amsonia Tabernæmontana, Walt. (A. latifolia, Michx.)

May—June. Flowers pale blue.

ASCLEPIADACEÆ. (MILKWEED FAMILY.)

Asclepias amplexicaulis, Michx. (RABBIT'S MILK.)

April—May. Flowers ash color.

obtusifolia, Michx.

June—July. Flowers greenish purple.

paupercula, Michx.

June—July. Flowers deep red.

quadrifolia, Jacq.

June—August. Flowers pale pink.

tuberosa, L. (BUTTERFLY-WEED. PLEURISY-ROOT.)

June—July. Flowers orange.





variegata, L.

May—June. Flowers white.

verticillata, L.

July—September. Flowers greenish.

incarnata, L. (SWAMP SILK-WEED.)

June—July. Flowers reddish purple.

Acerates longifolia, Ell.

July. Flowers pale purple.

Podostigma pubescens, Ell.

June—October. Flowers orange.

Sentera maritima, Decaisne. (Vincetoxicum palustre.) Salt marshes.

July—August. Flowers greenish.

Gonolobus hirsutus, Mich. (RUNNING MILK-WEED.)

September. Flowers white.

macrophyllus, Mich.

July—August. Flowers purplish.

OLEACEÆ. (OLIVE FAMILY.)

Olea Americana, L. (DEVIL-WOOD. AMERICAN OLIVE.) Near the coast.

March—April. Flowers white.

Ligustrum VULGARE, L. (PRIVET.) Introduced. Cultivated.

May—June. Flowers white.

Chionanthus Virginica, L. (FRINGE-TREE. OLD MAN'S BEARD.)

April—May. Flowers white.

Fraxinus platycarpa, Mich. (WATER ASH.)

March—April. Flowers white.

ARISTOLOCHIACEÆ. (BIRTHWORT FAMILY.)

Aristolochia Serpentaria, L. (VIRGINIA SNAKE-ROOT.)

June.—August. Flowers dull purple.

PHYTOLACCACEÆ. (POKEWEED FAMILY.)

Phytolacca decandra, L. (POKE-WEED.)

July—September. Flowers white.

CHENOPODIACEÆ. (GOOSEFOOT FAMILY.)

Chenopodium ALBUM, L. (LAMB'S QUARTERS.)

July—September. Flowers greenish.

BOTRYS, L.* Ger. McCarthy.

August. Flowers greenish.

ANTHELMINTICUM, L. (WORM-SEED. JERUSALEM OAK.)

Introduced.

August. Flowers greenish.

AMBROSIOIDES, L.

August. Flowers greenish.

MURALE, L.

Flowers greenish.

[note]



Atriplex hastata, L. (ORACHE.) Sea shore.

June—September.

Obione arenaria, Moq. (SAND ORACHE.) Sea beach.

July—September.

Chenopodina maratima, Moq. (SEA GOOSEFOOT.) Salt marshes.

September. Flowers minute.

Salicornia herbacea, L. (SAMPHIRE.) Salt marshes.

August.

ambigua, Michx. Salt marshes.

August.

Salsola Kali, L. (SALTWORT.) Sandy sea shore.

August. Flowers rose color.

AMARANTACEÆ. (AMARANTH FAMILY.)

Amarantus HYBRIDUS, L. (GREEN AMARANTH. CARELESS.) Introduced.

August—September. Flowers greenish or purplish.

SPINOSUS, L. (THORNY AMARANTH.)

July—October. Flowers greenish or purplish.

CHLORASTACHYS, WILL. Cultivated ground.

August—September. Flowers greenish.

Euxolus pumilus, Raf. (DWARF AMARANTH.) Sandy sea shore.

August—September. Flowers greenish.

Acnida cannabina, L. (WATER HEMP.)

Telanthera polygonoides, Moq.

Alternanthera Achyrantha, R. Br.

June—October.

POLYGONACEÆ. (BUCKWHEAT FAMILY.)

Polygonum ORIENTALE, L. (PRINCE'S FEATHER.) Introduced.

June—September. Flowers large, bright rose color.

Pennsylvanicum, L.

July—September. Flowers rose color.

PERSICARIA, L. (LADY'S THUMB.)

July. Flowers rose color.

acre, Kth. (SMARTWEED.) [P. punctatum, Ell.]

July—September.

hydropiperoides, Mich. (WATER-PEPPER.) [P. mite, Pers.]

July—September. Flowers pale rose color.

hirsutum, Walt.

July—September. Flowers white.

aviculare, L. (KNOT-GRASS.)

Flowers greenish white.

setaceum, Bald.*

July—September. Flowers white.

†littorale. [P. Maritimum, L.] Sea beach. Flowers reddish white.

incarnatum, Ell.* G. McCarthy.

July—October. Flowers small, flesh color.

Virginianum, L.

August—September. Flowers greenish.

arifolium, L. (SCRATCH-GRASS.)

June—October. Flowers white.

sagitratum, L. (TEAR-THUMB.)

June—October. Flowers white.

[note][note]



Polygonella parvifolia, Mich.

August—September. Flowers white, yellowish or rose color.

articulata, Meisn.

August. Flowers bright rose color.

Rumex CRISPUS, L. (SOUR DOCK.)

June—July.

verticillatus, L. (SWAMP DOCK.) [R. Brittanicus, Ell.]

May—June.

ACETOSELLA, L. (SORREL.)

June—July. Flowers small.

OBTUSIFOLIUS, L. (BITTER DOCK.)

July—August.

Engelmanii, Ledeb.

maritimus, L. (GOLDEN DOCK.) Sea shore. Rare.

August—September. Spikes yellowish.

LAURACEÆ. (LAUREL FAMILY.)

Persea Carolinensis, Nees. (RED BAY.) [Laurus Carolinensis, L.]

var. palustris, M. A. C.

July.

Sassafras officinale, Nees. (SASSAFRAS.) [Laurus sassafras.]

March. Flowers sometimes white.

Benzoin odoriferum, Nees. (SPICE-BUSH. FEVER-BUSH.)

February—March. Flowers yellow.

melissæfolium, Nees. Dr. McRee. [L. melissæfolia, Walt.]

February—March. Flowers yellow.

Tetranthera geniculata, Nees. (POND BUSH.)

February—March. Flowers yellow.

LORANTHACEÆ. (MISTLETOE FAMILY.)

Phoradendron flavescens, Nutt. (MISTLETOE.)

[Viscum flavescens, Pursh.]

April—May.

SAURURACEÆ. (LIZARD'S-TAIL FAMILY.)

Saururus cernuus, L. (SWAMP LILY. LIZARD'S-TAIL.)

May—August. Flowers white.

CERATOPHYLLACEÆ. (HORNWORT FAMILY.)

Ceratophyllum demersum, L.

September—October.

CALLITRICHACEÆ. (WATER STARWORT FAMILY.)

Callitriche verna, L. (WATER STARWORT.)

March—April.





EUPHORBIACEÆ. (SPURGE FAMILY.)

Euphorbia corollata, L. (FLOWERING SPURGE.)

July—September.

var. angustifolia, M. A. C.

July—September.

CYPARISSIAS, L.* Advent from Europe. Ger. McCarthy.

obtusata, Pursh. (WARTED SPURGE.)

May.

serpyllifolia, Pursh.* Ger. McCarthy.

cyatohphora, Jacq. Streets.

May—October.

Ipecacuanhæ, L. (WILD IPECAC.) Sand hills.

May—June. Flowers not conspicuous, greenish yellow.

maculata, L. (SPOTTED SPURGE.) Common in waste grounds.

June—October.

MARGINATA, PURSH. (VARIEGATED SPURGE.)

polygonifolia, L. (SHORE SPURGE.) Sea shore.

July—October.

forbuserpens, H. B. K.* Ger. McCarthy.

Curtisii, Englemann. Sea coast.

August.

cordifolia, Ell.

July—September.

Stillingia sylvatica, L. (QUEEN'S DELIGHT.)

April—September.

ligustrina, Mich. Dr. McRee.

May—August.

†Acalypha Virginica, L. (THREE-SEEDED MERCURY.)

July—September.

gracilens, Gray.

July—September.

Tragia urens, L. (NETTLE.)

May—August. Flowers minute greenish.

Croton maritimum, Walt. Sea coast.

July—October.

Cnidosculus stimulosus, Gray. (TREAD SOFTLY. NETTLE POTATOE.)

[latropha stimulosa, Mich.]

April—September. Flowers white.

Ricinus COMMUNIS, L. (CASTOR-OIL PLANT.) Introduced.

June—October. Flowers yellow.

URTICACEÆ. (NETTLE FAMILY.)

Urtica URENS, L. (STINGING NETTLE.)

December—February. Flowers greenish.

capitata, Willd.

July—August. Flowers greenish.

Pilea pumila, Gray. (CLEAR-WEED.)

July—September.

Bœhmeria cylindrica, Willd. (FALSE NETTLE.)

July—September.

MORACEÆ. (MULBERRY FAMILY.)

Morus rubra, L. (MULBERRY.)

March.

ALBA, L. (WHITE MULBERRY.) Introduced.

Broussonetia PAPYRIFERA, Vent. (OTAHEITE MULBERRY.)

[note][note]



ULMACEÆ. (ELM FAMILY.)

Ulmus Americana, L. (ELM.)

February—March. Flowers greenish or purplish.

fulva, Mich. (SLIPPERY ELM.)

February—March. Flowers greenish or purplish.

alata, Mich. (SMALL-LEAVED ELM. CORK-WINGED ELM.)

Planera aquatica, Gmel. (PLANER-TREE.) South of Cape Fear river.

February—March.

Celtis occidentalis, L. (HACKBERRY.)

March. Flowers greenish.

var. pumila, M. A. C. (DWARF HACKBERRY.)

March. Flowers greenish.

PLATANACEÆ. (PLANE-TREE FAMILY.)

Platanus occidentalis, L. (SYCAMORE.)

March—April.

JUGLANDACEÆ. (WALNUT FAMILY.)

Juglans nigra, L. (BLACK WALNUT.)

March—April.

Carya tomentosa, Nutt. (WHITE HICKORY.)

March—April.

amara, Nutt. (BITTER-NUT HICKORY.)

March—April.

CUPULIFERÆ. (OAK FAMILY.)

Quercus alba, L. (WHITE OAK.)

aquatica, Cates. (WATER OAK.)

Catesbæi, Mich. (SCRUB OAK.)

cinerea, var. pumila, Michx. (RUNNING OAK. DWARF OAK.)

lyrata, Walt. (OVERCUP OAK.)

coccinea, Wang. (SCARLET OAK.)

falcata, Mich. (SPANISH OAK.)

nigra, L. (BLACK JACK.)

obtusiloba, Mich. (POST OAK.)

Phellos, L. (WILLOW OAK.)

Prinus, L. (SWAMP CHESTNUT OAK.)

prinoides, Willd. (CHINQUAPIN OAK.)

virens, Ait. (LIVE OAK.)

Castanea pumila, L. (CHINQUAPIN.)

April—May.

Fagus ferruginea, Ait. (BEECH.)

April.

Carpinus Americana, Michx. (HORNBEAM.)

March.





MYRICACEÆ. (WAX MYRTLE FAMILY.)

Myrica cerifera, L. (WAX MYRTLE. BAYBERRY.) Swamps.

March—April.

var. pumila. Barrens. Sand hills.

BETULACEÆ. (BIRCH FAMILY.)

Betula nigra, L. (RED BIRCH.) [B. rubra, Michx.]

March.

Alnus serrulata, Ait. (ALDER.)

January—March.

SALICACEÆ. (WILLOW FAMILY.)

Salix nigra, Marshall. (BLACK OR SWAMP WILLOW.)

BABYLONICA, TOURN. (WEEPING WILLOW.) About dwellings.

Populus angulata, Ait. (CAROLINA POPLAR.)

March—April.

heterophylla, L. (COTTON TREE.)

March—April.

DILATATA, AIT. (LOMBARDY POPLAR.) Introduced.

CONIFERÆ. (PINE FAMILY.)

Pinus mitis, Michx. (YELLOW OR SHORT-LEAVED PINE.)

Tæda, L. (OLD FIELD, LOBLOLLY OR SLASH PINE.)

australis, Michx. (LONG-LEAF PINE.)

[P. palustris, L., the prior but inappropriate name. Chapman.]

Serotina, Michx. (POND-PINE.)

Cupressus thyoides, L. (WHITE CEDAR. JUNIPER.)

April.

Taxodium distichum, Rich. (CYPRESS.) [C. distichum.]

February—March.

var. imbricaria. Cypress pond marked on Map.

Juniperus Virginiana, L. (RED CEDAR.)

March.





ENDOGENS.
PALMACEÆ. (PALMS.)

Sabal Palmetto, R. & S. (PALMETTO.) Cape Fear.

June.

Adansonii, Guerns. (DWARF PALMETTO.)

Eagle's Island causeway.

June—July.

ARACEÆ. (ARUM FAMILY.)

Arisæma triphyllum, Torr. (INDIAN TURNIP.)

March.

Xanthosoma sagittifolium, Schott. (ARROW-LBAVED SPOON FLOWER.)

“Branches” and spongy ground. Eastern side of Wilmington and Brunswick. Point Peter causeways. Fruit ripens Sept. 15 to 30. Beautiful crimson. [Caladium glaucum, (?) Ell.]

May—June. Flowers white.

Oroutium aquaticum, L. (GOLDEN CLUB. WATER DOCK.)

Tuckahoe—a purely local name without any good foundation for it; probably a corruption of TUCKAW. See Kalm's Travels.

March—April.

Acorus Calamus, L. (CALAMUS.)

April.

LEMNACEÆ. (DUCKWEED FAMILY.)

Lemna minor, L. (DUCKWEED.)

polyrhiza, L.

TYPHACEÆ. (CAT-TAIL FAMILY.)

Typha latifolia, L. (CAT-TAIL.)

July—August.

Sparganium ramosum, Hudson. (BUR-REED.)

July.

NAIADACEÆ. (POND WEED FAMILY.)

Zostera marina, L. (SEA-WRACK. EEL-GRASS.) Salt water.

August—September.

Ruppia maritima, L. (DITCH-GRASS.)

May—August.

Potamogeton pectinatus, L. (PONDWEED.)

June—August.

lucens, L.

August.

hybridus, Michx.

June—August.





heterophyllus, Schreb.

July.

pau iflorus, Pursh.

July—August.

perfoliatus, L.

July—September.

fluitans, Roth.

June—August.

Naias flexilis, Rotsk.

ALISMACEÆ. (WATER-PLANTAIN FAMILY.)

Alisma plantago, L. (WATER-PLAINTAIN.)

July—August.

Triglochin triandrum, Michx. (ARROW-GRASS.)

August—September.

Echinodorus radicans, Engelmann. (Alisma radicans, Nutt.)

July—September.

*Sagittaria variabilis, Eng. (ARROW-LEAF.)

July—September.

falcata, Pursh.

June—September.

pusilla, Nutt.

heterophylla, Pursh.

natans, Michx.

June—September.

simplex, Nutt.

May—October.

graminea, Michx.† Ger. McCarthy.

HYROCHARIDACEÆ. (FROG'S-BIT FAMILY.)

Limnobium Spongia, Rich. (FROG'S-BIT.)

July—August.

BURMANNIACEÆ. (BURMANNIA FAMILY.)

Burmannia biflora, L.

October. Flowers pinkish.

capitata, Chap. (Tripterella capitata, Michx.)

October. Flowers white.

ORCHIDACEÆ. (ORCHIS FAMILY.)

Microstylis orphioglossoides, Nutt. (ADDER'S-MOUTH.)

July—August. Flowers greenish.

‡Bletia aphylla, Nutt. Dr. McRee. Rocky Point.

July—August. Flowers brownish, striped with purple.

Ponthieva glandulosa, R. Br. (Ophrys pubera, Michx.)

September—October. Flowers greenish.

Corallorhiza odontorhiza, Nutt. (CORAL-ROOT.)

[Cymbidium corallorhizoa.]

February—March.

[note][note][note]



Habenaria repens, Nutt.

August—September. Flowers small, greenish.

Listera australis, Lindley. (TWAYBLADE.)

July. Flowers small, greenish.

Pogonia divaricata, R. Br.

May. Flowers flesh-colored.

ophioglossoides, Nutt.

April—May. Flowers pale rose color.

Tipularia discolor, Nutt. (CRANE-FLY ORCHIS.)

August. Flowers greenish.

Platanthera flava, Gray. (YELLOW ORCHIS.)

July—August. Flowers brownish green.

ciliaris, Lindley. (YELLOW FRINGED ORCHIS.)

Flowers large bright yellow.

blephariglottis, Lindley. (WHITE FRINGED ORCHIS.)

August. Flowers white.

Spiranthes cernna, Rich. (LADY'S TRESSES.)

October. Flowers yellowish white.

odorata, Nutt.

October. Flowers yellowish white.

tortilis, Willd.

May. Flowers white.

gracilis, Bigelow.

April—May. Flowers minute.

Epidendrum* conopseum. Major Young. Pender county, 1881.

August. Flowers green, tinged with purple.

Calopogon pulchellus, R. Br. (BEARDED PINK.)

June. Flowers bright purple.

parviflorus, Lindley.

March—April. Flowers bright purple.

var. albus.

AMARYLLIDACEÆ. (AMARYLLIS FAMILY.)

Amaryllis Atamasco, L. (ATAMASCO LILY. STAGGER-GRASS.)

March—April. Flowers white, tinged with red.

Pancratium rotatum, Ker. (P. Mexicanum.)

April—May. Flowers white.

Hypoxis erecta, L. (YELLOW STAR-GRASS.)

March—April. Flowers yellow.

HÆMODORACEÆ. (BLOODWORT FAMILY.)

Lachnanthes tinctoria, Ell. (RED-ROOT.)

July—September. Flowers yellow.

Aletris farinosa, L. (STAR-GRASS. COLIC-ROOT.)

May—June. Flowers white or yellow.

aurea, Walt.

May—June. Flowers white or yellow.

BROMELIACEÆ. (PINE-APPLE FAMILY.)

Tillandsia usneoides, L. (LONG MOSS.)

June—September. Petals green.

[note]



IRIDACEÆ. (IRIS FAMILY.)

Iris versicolor, L. (BLUE FLAG.)

April—May. Flowers pale blue.

tripetala, Walt.

June—July. Flowers blue.

Virginica, L.

June. Flowers blue or white.

verna, L. (DWARF IRIS.)

April. Flowers pale blue.

Sisyrinchium Bermudiana, L. (BLUE-EYED GRASS. PEPPER GRASS.)

July—August. Flowers blue, yellow center.

DIOSCOREACEÆ. (YAM FAMILY.)

Dioscorca villosa, L. (WILD YAM.)

July. Flowers whitish.

SMILACEÆ. (SMILAX FAMILY.)

Smilax rotundifolia, L. (BAMBOO.)

June. Flowers small, greenish.

tamnoides, L.

May. Flowers greenish.

Pseudo-China, L. (CHINA ROOT.)

April—May.

glauca, Walt. (SARSAPARILLA.)

May.

Walteri, Pursh. (RED-BERRIED BAMBOO.)

March—April. Flowers brownish.

lanceolata, L.

August.

laurifolia, L.

July—August.

auriculata, Walt. On the coast.

May—June. Flowers small, very fragrant.

LILIACEÆ. (LILY FAMILY.)

Lilium Catesbæi, Walt. (SOUTHERN LILY.)

August—September. Flowers scarlet, variegated with yellow and purple.

Yucca aloifolia, L. (SPANISH BAYONET.)

May—June. Flowers white, tinged with purple.

gloriosa, L. Sea coast.

May—June. Flowers white.

fllamentosa, L. (BEAR-GRASS.)

June. Flowers white, tinged with purple.

Allium VINEALE, L. (WILD ONION.) Introduced.

striatuni, L.

March—April. Flowers white.

MELANTHACEÆ. (COLCHICUM FAMILY.)

Melanthium Virginicum, L. (BUNCH-FLOWER.)

July—August. Flowers cream color, turning brownish.

Zygadenus glaberrimus, Michx.

June—July. Flowers white.





Tofleldia glabra, Nutt. (FALSE ASPHODEL.)

October. Flowers white.

pubens, Ait.

September. Flowers greenish white.

Pleca tenuifolia, Michx. Savannas near Cypress swamp, east from Wilmington.

October. Flowers greenish without.

JUNCACEÆ. (RUSH FAMILY.)

Juncus effusus, L. (BOG-RUSH.)

May—September. Flowers green.

setaceus, Rostk.

May—July. Flowers green.

maritimus, L. Brackish marshes. (L. acutus, Muhl.)

April—May. Flowers green.

tenuis, Willd.

May—June. Flowers green.

dichotomus, Ell.

May—June. Flowers green.

polycephalus, Ell.

July—September. Flowers green.

paradoxus, Meyer.

July—September. Flowers green.

acuminatus, Michx.

July—September. Flowers green.

marginatus, Rostk.

July—September. Flowers green.

Luzula campestris, D. C.

March—April.

Cephaloxys flabellata, Desv. (Juncus repens, Michx.)

July. Flowers greenish.

PONTEDERIACEÆ. (PICKEREL-WEED FAMILY.)

Pontederia cordata, L. (PICKEREL-WEED.)

July—September. Flowers blue.

COMMELYNACEÆ. (SPIDERWORT FAMILY.)

Commelyna communis, L. (DAY-FLOWER.)

July—September. Flowers blue.

Virginica, L.

May—September. Flowers blue.

erecta, L. Ger. McCarthy.

August—September. Flowers blue.

Tradescantia Virginica, L. (SPIDERWORT.) Eagle's Island causeway.

March—May. Flowers blue.

rosea, Vent.

June—August. Flowers bright rose color.

MAYACACEÆ. (MAYACA FAMILY.)

Mayaca Michauxii, S. & E. Found at McIlhenny's mill, southern end of Wilmington, in bog by roadside. Causeway in abundance.

June—October. Flowers pale pink.





XYRIDACEÆ. (YELLOW-EYED-GRASS FAMILY.)

Xyris brevifolia, Michx. (YELLOW-EYED GRASS.)

April—May. Flowers yellow.

Caroliniana, Walt.

July—August. Flowers yellow.

ambigua, Beyr.

July—September. Bracts light brown.

tenuifolia, Chap.

July—September. Flowers yellow.

torta, Smith.

July—September. Flowers yellow.

ERIOCAULONACEÆ. (PIPEWORT FAMILY.)

Eriocaulon guapholodes, Mich.

April—May. Flowers white, densely downy.

decangulare, L. (PIPEWORT.)

July—September.

Pæpalanthus flavidulus, Kth. (YELLOW PIPEWORT.)

April—May.

Lachnocaulon Michauxii, Kth. (HAIRY PIPEWORT.)

May—June.

CYPERACEÆ. (SEDGE GRASSES.)

Cyperus compressus, L.

July—September.

diandrus, Tor. Ger. McGarthy.

August.

flavescens, L.

July—August.

Gatesii, Torr.

rotundus, L. (NUT-GRASS.) [C. hydra.]

August—September.

var. hydra, Gray.* Ger. McCarthy.

August—September.

filiculmis, Vahl. (C. mariscoides.)

July—September.

Michauxianus, Schultes.

August—September.

Nuttallii, Torr.

July—September.

flavicomus, Mich.* Ger. McCarthy.

May—September.

Haspan, L.

July—September.

speciosus, Vahl.

retrofractus, Torr. Ger. McCarthy.

July—September.

stenolepis, Torr.

August—September.

Baldwiuii, Torr. Ger. McCarthy.

July—September.

strigosus, L.

July—September.

tetragonus, Ell.

August—September.

vegetus, Willd.

September.

virens, Mich.

July—September.

erythrorhizos, Muhl.

July—September.

distaus, Pursh.* Identified by PROF. BRITTON as a long doubted species. Ger. McCarthy, 1885.

[note]



Kyllingia pumila, Mich.

July—September.

Lipocarpha maculata, Torr.

July—September.

Dulichium spathaceum, Rich.

August—September.

Fuirena squarrosa, Mich. (UMBRELLA-GRASS.)

July—September.

Eleocharis equisetoides, Torrey.

July—September.

cellulosa, Torr.* Ger. McCarthy.

August—September.

quadrangulata. (Scirpus quadrangulatus, Michx.)

July—September.

tuberculosa, R. Br. (S. tuberculosus. Michx.)

March—September.

simplex, Torr. (S. simplex, Ell.)

May—September.

prolifera, Torr.

May—September.

rostellata, Torr.

melanocarpa, Torr.

June—September.

olivacea, Torr. Sea coast.

August—September.

microcarpa, Torr.

tricostata, Torr.

May—September.

palustris, R. Br. (S. palustris, L.)

June—September.

obtusa, Schultes.

June—September.

acicularis, R. Br.

June—September.

pygmæa, Torr. Near the coast.

April—May.

Baldwinii, Torr.

June—September.

Scirpus debilis, Pursh.

Canbyi, Gray.* Ger. McCarthy.

July—August.

pungens, Vahl. (SWORD-GRASS.) Near the coast.

June—September.

Olneyl, Gray. Brackish marshes.

June—September.

lacustris, L.

July—September.

maritimus, L. Salt marshes.

August—September.

Eriaphorum. Michx

July—September.

lineatus, Michx.

June—August.

Eriophorum Virginicum, L. (COTTON-GRASS.)

June—August.

Fimbristylis spadicea, Vahl. (Scirpus castaneus, Michx.)

August—October.

Trichelostylis autumnalis. (S. autumnalis, L.)

July—October.

Isolepis ciliatifolia, Torr. (S. ciliatifolius, Ell.) Ger. McCarthy.

August—September.

stenophylla, Torr. (S. stenophyllus, Ell.) Ger. McCarthy.

August—September.

capillaris, R. & S. (S. capillaris, L.)

June—September.

Rhyncospora pinmosa, Ell. (TICK-SEED GRASS.)

June—July.

corniculata, Gray.* Ger. McCarthy.

oligantha, Gray.

June—July.

rariflora, Ell.

June—July.

Torreyana, Gray.

July.

microcarpa, Baldwin.

July—August.

[note]



inexpansa, Vahl.

July—August.

caduca, Ell.

August.

miliacea, Gray.

June—July.

Grayil, Kth

June—July.

megalocarpa, Gray.

May—August.

Baldwinii, Gray.

June—July.

ciliata, Vahl.

June—August.

fascicularis, Nutt.

June—July.

var. distans.

August—September.

filifolia, Gray.

July—August.

pallida, M. A. C.

June.

alba, Vahl.

August—September.

cephalantha, Gray.

July—August.

Chapmanii, M. A. C.

July—August.

Ceratoschœnus macrostachyus, Gray. (HORNED RUSH.)

August.

corniculatus, Nees.

July—September.

Psilocarya rhynchosporoides, Torr. (BALD RUSH.)

July.

Cladium effusum, Torr. (SAW-GRASS.) [Schænus effusus, Swartz.]

July—August.

mariscoides, Torr. (TWIG-RUSH.) [S. mariscoides.]

Dichromena latifolia, Bald.

May—July.

leucocephala, Michx.

August—September.

Scleria triglomerata, Michx. (NUT-RUSH.)

June—August.

laxa. Torr.

August—October.

Carex bromoides, Schk. (SEDGE GRASS.)

March—April.

stipata, Muhl.

April—May.

Muhlenbergil, Schk.

stellulata, Good.

straminea, Schk.

fœnea, Muhl.

criuita, Lam.

polytrichoides, Muhl.

granularis, Muhl.

July—August.

glaucescens, Ell.

verrucosa, Ell.

July—August.

lupulina, Muhl.

turgescens, Torr.

Elliottii, Schw. & Torr.

riparia, M. A. C.

stricta, Good. (C. acuta, Ell.)

laxiflora, Lam. (C. anceps, Willd.)

debilis, Michx.

vulpinoidea, Michx. (C. multiflora, Muhl.)

July—August.





*retroflexa, Muhl.

tentaculata, Muhl.

†triceps, Michx.

*virescens.

folliculata, L. (C. Xanthophysa, Wahl.)

GRAMINEÆ. (GRASSES.)

Leersia oryzoides, Swartz. (RICE GRASS. FALSE GRASS.)

July—August.

Virginica, Willd.

July—August.

hexandra,‡ Eagles’ Island causeway. Ger. McCarthy.

July—August.

Zizania aquatica, L. (WILD RICE.)

July.

miliacea, Michx. (WILD OATS.)

April—May.

Hydrochloa Carolinensis, Beauv. (H. fluitans.)

July—August.

Alopecurus GENICULATUS, L. (FLOATING FOX-TAIL.) Introduced.

April.

Polypogon MARITIMUS, Willd. (BEARD-GRASS.) Sea coast.

Sporobolus junceus, Kth. (WIRE-GRASS.)

April—May, often October.

Floridanus, Chap.§ Ger. McCarthy.

September.

INDICUS, BR.

May—September.

Vilfa aspera, Beauv. (Sporobolus asper, Kth., Agrostis clandestina, Spreng.)

July—August.

Agrostis ALBA, L. (BENT-GRASS. HERD'S GRASS.)

[A. vulgaris, With., var. alba, Vasey.] Introduced.

elata, Trin. (TALL THIN-GRASS.)

September.

scabra, Willd. (HAIR-GRASS.) [Trichodium laxifolium, Ell.]

June—July.

verticiliata.§ G. McCarthy.

perennans, Tuck. (THIN-GRASS.) [T. perennans, Ell.]

July—August.

Cinna arundinacea, L. (WOOD REED-GRASS.)

Muhlenbergia diffusa, Schreb. (NIMBLE WILL.)

August—September.

capillaris, Kth. (HAIR-GRASS.) Near the coast.

Calamagrostis coarctata, Torr. (REED. BENT-GRASS. WILD OATS.)

[Deyeuxia Nuttalliana, Vasey. C. Nuttalliana, Steud.]

August—September.

arenaria, Roth. (Ammophila arundinacea, Host.) Sea beach.

August.

Stipa avenacea, L. (FEATHER-GRASS.)

April.

[note][note][note][note]



Aristida lanata, Poir. (THREE-AWNED GRASS.)

July—August.

purpurascens, Poir.

August.

stricta, Michx. (WIRE-GRASS.)

June—July.

gracilis, Ell.

August.

virgata, Trinius.

spiciformis, Ell.

August.

oliganiha, Michx.

September.

Spartina juncea, Willd. Sea coast.

July—August.

cynosuroides, Willd.* Ger. McCarthy.

July—August.

polystachya, Willd.

August—September.

glabra, Muhl. (MARSH GRASS.) Salt marsh.

August—September.

Gymnopogon racemosus, Beauv.

September—October.

Eustachys petræa, Desv. Sea coast.

May—August.

Cynodon DACTYLON, Pers. (BERMUDA GRASS. REED GRASS. CANE GRASS.)

Ctenium Americanum, Spreng. (LEMON GRASS.) Savannas.

July—August.

Dactyloctenium ÆGYPTIACUM, Willd. (EGYPTIAN GRASS.)

[Eleusine (?) cruciata, Ell., E. Ægyptiaca, Pers.]

Eleusine INDICA, Gært. (GOOSE-GRASS.)

Leptochloa polystachya, Kth. Brackish marshes.

September.

Triplasis Americana, Beauv. (SAND GRASS.) [Uralepis cornuta, Ell.]

August—September.

purpurea, Chap. (U. purpurea, Nutt.)

August—October.

Melica mutica, Walt. (MELIC GRASS.)

April.

Glyceria nervata, Trin. (Poa parviflora, Pursh.)

July.

Arundinaria gigantea, Chap. (CANE.) [A. macrosperma, Michx.]

February.

tecta, Muhl. (REED.)

February—March.

Brizopyrum spicatum, Hook. (SPIKE-GRASS.)

(Distichlis maritima, Raf. Uniola spicata, Ell.)

August—September.

Poa annua, L. (SPEAR-GRASS. MAY-GRASS.)

February—March.

flexuosa, Muhl. (P. autumnalis, Ell.)

May.

pratensis, L. (BLUE-GRASS.)

May.

compressa, L.

May.

Dactylis GLOMERATA, L. (ORCHARD GRASS.)

May—June

Eragrostis Purshii, Schrad. (Poa tenella.)

June—September.

tenuis, Gray. (Poa tenuis, Ell.)

August—September.

pectinacea, Gray.

August—September

var. refracta. (Poa refracta, Ell.)

Festuca Myurus, L. (FESCUE-GRASS.)

March—April.

tenella, Willd.

February—April.

duriuscula, L. Sea coast.

April—May.

[note]



ELATIOR, L.

nutaus, Willd.

August.

Bromus SECALINUS, L. Ger. McCarthy.

RACEMOSUS, L.* Ger. McCarthy.

Uniola paniculata, L. (BEACH GRASS.)

July—August.

gracilis, Michx.

July—August.

Hordeum pusillum, Nutt. W. M. Canby. (?)

Elymus Virginicus, L.

July—August.

Trisetum palustre, Torr.

March—April.

Dauthonia spicata, Beauv. (WILD OAT-GRASS.)

June—July.

Holcus LANATUS, L. (VELVET GRASS.) Introduced.

Anthoxanthum ODORATUM, L. (SWEET-SCENTED GRASS.) Introduced.

April—May.

Phalaris intermedia, Bosc. (SOUTHERN CANARY-GRASS.)

April—May.

Paspalum Walterianum, Schultes. [P. vaginatum, Ell.]

July—August.

distichum, L.

August—September.

præcox, Walt. [P. lentiferum, Lam.]

May—June.

læve, Michx.

July—August.

Floridanum, Michx.

August—September.

undulatum, Poir. [P. purpurascens, Ell.]

September.

ciliatifolium, Michx. [P. dasphyllum, Ell.]

June—September.

Panicum SANGUINALE, L. (CRAB-GRASS.) [Digitaria sanguinale, Scop.] Introduced.

May—October.

gibbum, Ell. [P. strictum.]

July—September.

filiforme, L. [P. striatum. Digitaria filiformis, Muhl.]

August—September.

Curtisii, Chap.

agrostoides, Spreng.* Ger. McCarthy.

hians. Ell.

colonum, L.* Ger. McCarthy.

anceps, L.

August—September.

virgatum, L.

August—September.

amarum, Ell. On the coast.

September. Plants salt and bitter to taste.

proliferum, Lam.

September.

divergens, Muhl.

August.

verrucosum, Muhl.

September.

scoparium, L. [nervosum.]

May.

viscidum, Ell.

May.

scabriusculum, Ell.

May.

depauperatum, Muhl.

June.

ignoratum, Kth.

July—August.

CRUS-GALLI, L. Introduced.

August—September.

var. hispidum.

[note]



Setaria VERTICILLATA, Beauv. Introduced.

GLAUCA, BEAUV. (FOXTAIL.) Introduced.

var. lævigata. Ger. McCarthy.

ITALICA. KTH. (ITALIAN MILLET.)

July—September.

Cenchrus tribuloides, L. (SAND-SPUR.) On the coast.

July—October.

MYOSUROIDES, H. B. K.* Ger. McCarthy. Ballast heap. West Indies.

Stenotaphrum* Americanum, Schrank.

June—September.

Tripsacum dactyloides, L. (GAMA-GRASS.)

August—September. June 20th, 1886.

Andropogon scoparius, Michx. (BROOM-GRASS.)

August—September.

furcatus, Muhl. (A. provincialis, Lam.)

September.

tetrastachyus, Ell. (A. dissitiflorus, Michx. var. tetrastachyus, Hack.)

September.

Virginicus, L. (A. dissitiflorus, Michx.)

September—October.

var. vaginatus.

macrourus, Michx.

September.

Elliottii, Chap.

September—October.

Erianthus alopecuroides, Ell. (E. saccharoides, Michx.)

September—October.

contortus, Ell.* Ger. McCarthy.

Sorghum avenaceum, Chap. (INDIAN GRASS.)

[Chrysopogon avenaceum, Benth., Andropogan avenaceus, Michx., A. ciliatus, Ell.]

September.

SACCHARATUM, PERS.* Ger. McCarthy.

HALAPENSE, PERS. (CUBA GRASS. MAIDEN CANE.)

nutans, Gray. (WOOD-GRASS.)

[Chrysopogon nutans, Benth., Andropogan nutans, L.]

September.

Lapago RACEMOSA. Ger. McCarthy.

FLOWERLESS PLANTS.

FILICES. (FERNS.)

Polypodium incanum, Swartz. (TREE POLYPODIUM.)

Pteris aquilina, L. (BRAKE.)

Adiantum, Capillus-Veneris, L. (MAIDEN'S HAIR FERN.)

Found by Mr. W. M. Canby, at Hilton, 1868.

Woodwardia angustifolia, Smith.

Virginica, Willd. (W. onocleoides, Willd.)

Asplenium cheneum, Ait.

Onoclea sensibilis, L. (SENSITIVE FERN.)

[note]



Lygodium palmatum, Swartz. (CLIMBING FERN.)

Found in Holly Shelter swamp. 1879. by Maj. W. L. Young.

Osmunda regalis, L. (FLOWERING FERN.)

cinnamonea, L.

Botrychium lunarioides, Swartz.

LYCOPODIACEÆ. (CLUBMOSS FAMILY.)

Lycopodium alopecuroides, L.

Carolinianum, L.

Selaginella rupestris, Spreng.

HYDROPTERIDES. (WATER FERN FAMILY.)

Azolla Caroliniana, Willd.

NOTES OF THE BALLAST PLANTS.

BY GERALD MCCARTHY.

Ranunculus philonotis is from southern Europe. Also found at Philadelphia by Mr. Martindale.

Schizandra coccinea is West Indian and Mexican, new to this country.

Scolymus Hispanicus is West Indian—new.

Tribulus terrestris is West Indian and also occurs in Southern Russia. Adventive at Philadelphia. Martindale.

Erodium cicutarium is European—new.

Linaria spuria is European—new

Heliotropium Europæum is European—new. Adventive in many places.

Datura mercifolium is West Indian and Mexican—new to this country.

Boerhaavia viscosa is West Indian and Mexican—new to this country.

Alternanthera achyrantha is West Indian and Mexican—new to this country. This plant is not a ballast plant but was found by me along the W. C. & A. R. R. in Columbus county, near Whiteville.

Euphorbia Cyparissias is European—new to this country.

Cyperus distaus is an indigenous plant, but extremely interesting, having been found before by but one collector. Fred. K. Pursh.

Cyperus papyrus is the Egyptian paper reed, came probably from Sicily, where it grows abundantly.

Panicum colonum is European, and new to this country.

Cenchrus myosuroides is West Indian and Mexican, and new to this country, except the southern extremity of Florida.

Lapago racemosa is West Indian and Mexican, new to this country.





NUMERICAL STATEMENT OF GENERA, SPECIES AND VARIETIES, INCLUDED IN THE CATALOGUE.
PHÆNOGAMIA.*

Genera included in the Catalogue527
Species supposed to be indigenous to the Wilmington Flora1046
Species regarded as introduced122
Total number of species1168
Varieties indigenous and introduced34
Total number of species and varieties1202

These arranged systematically are distributed as follows:

Exogens104 orders, 402 genera, 861 species and varieties.
Endogens25 orders, 125 genera, 341 species and varieties.
Total Phænogamia129 orders, 527 genera, 1202 species and varieties.

COMPOSITION OF THE LARGER ORDERS.

FIGURES IN PARENTHESES REPRESENT INTRODUCED SPECIES.

ORDER.GENERA.SPECIES.SPECIES AND VARIETIES.
Compositæ56(9)142146
Gramineæ49(22)118121
Cyperaceæ18106108
Leguminosæ33(12)8087
Scrophulariaceæ16(4)3134
Ericaceæ152931
Rosaceæ11(4)2828
Labiatæ18(8)2525
Onagraceæ62122
Umbelliferæ12(1)2222
Orchidaceæ121920
Caryophyllaceæ13(6)1919
Ranunculaceæ6(1)1617
Rubiaceæ91617
Cruciferæ7(3)1111

[note]



NUMBER OF SPECIES IN THE LARGER GENERA.

FIGURES IN PARENTHESES REPRESENT INTRODUCED SPECIES.

Carex24Ludwigia11
Cyperus20Eupatorium10
Rhyncospora19Hypericum10
Panicum(2) 19Polygala10
Solidago16Juncus9
Aster(1) 16Coreopsis8
Eleocharis16Lobelia8
Polygonum13Utricularia8
Desmodium12Asclepias8
Euphorbia(2) 12Scirpus8
Quercus12Smilax8

Of varieties the catalogue gives two to Solidago, and one each to Cyperus, Rhyncospora, Euphorbia and Quercus of the above list.

CRYPTOGAMIA.

ORDER.GENERA.SPECIES.
Filices911
Lycopodiaceæ23
Hydropterides11





Errata.

Page 3, line 26 from bottom, in place of “1832” read “1834.”

Page 11, line 5 from top, the generic name “Sarracenia” is accidentally repeated.

Page 11, “Cakile maratima” should be “Cakile maritima.”

Page 16, the generic name “Hibiscus” is accidentally repeated.

Page 18, line 5, the generic name “Rhus” is accidentally repeated.

Page 18, line 6 from the bottom, “STAPHYLLACEÆ” should be “STAPHYLEACEÆ.”

Page 19, “Cassia Marylandica” should be “Cassia Marilandica.”

Page 20, “Lathyrus paluster” should be “Lathyrus palustris.”

Page 21, “Styloshanthes” should be “Stylosanthes.”

Page 22, “Petalastemon” should be “Petalostemon.”

Page 26, “Sanicula Marylandica” should be “Sanicula Marilandica.”

Page 30, in note †, at bottom of page, “steets” should be “streets.”

Page 33, “Leucothœ” should be “Leucothoœ.”

Page 36, “BROOM-ROPE FAMILY” should be “BROOM-RAPE FAMILY.”

Page 37, “Gratiola spærocarpa” should be “Gratiola sphærocarpa.”

Page 43, “Chenopodina maratima” should be “Chenopodina maritima.”









Index to Genera.

PAGE.PAGE.
Abutilon16Asclepias41
Acalypha45Ascyrum14
Acanthospermum32Asimina10
Acer19Asplenium59
Acerates42Aster27
Achillea27Astragalus19
Acnida43Atriplex43
Acorus48Azalea34
Adiantum59Azolla60
Æschynomene20Baccharis28
Æsculus18Baldwinia28
Agrimonia22Baptisia19
Agrostis56Bartonia41
Aletris50Benzoin44
Alisma49Berchemia18
Allium51Betula47
Alnus47Bidens28
Alopecurus56Bigelovia28
Alsine15Bignonia36
Alternanthera43, 60Bletia49
Amarantus43Bœhmeria45
Amaryllis50Boerhaavia60
Ambrosia27Boltonia28
Amelanchier23Borrichia28
Ammannia23Botrychium60
Amorpha19Brasenia10
Ampelopsis18Brizopyrum57
Amphicarpæa19Bromus58
Amsonia41Broussonetia45
Anagallis35Bumelia35
Andromeda33Burmannia49
Andropogon59
Anemone9Cabomba10
Anthoxanthum58Cakile11
Anychia16Calamagrostis56
Apios19Calamintha38
Apocynum41Callicarpa38
Aquilegia9Callitriche44
Arachis22Calopogon50
Aralia26Calycanthus23
Archemora25Calystegia40
Arenaria15Campanula33
Argemone11Capsella11
Arisæma48Cardamine11
Aristida57Carex55, 56
Aristolochia42Carpinus46
Artemisia32Cassandra33
Arundinaria57Cassia19





PAGE.PAGE.
Castanea46Deyeuxia56
Catalpa36Dianthera34
Ceanothus18Dichondra40
Celtis46Dichromena55
Cenchrus59, 60Diodia27
Centrosema22Dionæa12
Cephalanthus27Dioscorea51
Cephaloxys52Diospyros34
Cerastium15Dipteracanthus37
Ceratophyllum44Discopleura26
Ceratoschœnus55Distichlis57
Cercis20Draba11
Chaptalia28Drosera14
Chelone36Dulichium54
Chenopodina43Echinodorus49
Chenopodium42Echium39
Chimaphila34Eclipta29
Chionanthus42Eleocharis54
Chrysogonum28Elephantopus29
Chrysopsis28Eleusine57
Cichorium30Elymus58
Cicuta25Epidendrum50
Cinna56Epigæa33
Cirsium28Epiphegus36
Cladium55Eragrostis57
Claytonia15Erechtites31
Clematis9Erianthus59
Clethra33Erigeron29
Clitoria21Eriocaulon53
Cnidoscolus45Eriophorum54
Cocculus10Erodium60
Collinsonia38Eryngium25
Commelyna52Erythrina21
Conoclinium32Euonymus18
Conopholis36Eupatorium29
Corallorhiza49Euphorbia45, 60
Coreopsis28Eustachys57
Cornus26Euxolus43
Corydalis11Fagus46
Crantzia26Festuca57
Cratægus23Fimbristylis54
Crotalaria20Forsteronia41
Croton45Fothergilla25
Ctenium57Fragaria22
Cupressus47Frangula18
Cuscuta40Fraxinus42
Cynodon57Fuirena54
Cyperus53, 60Galactia21
Cyrilla34Galium27
Dactylis57Gaultheria33
Dactyloctenium57Gaura24
Danthonia58Gaylussacia33
Dasystoma37Gelsemium27
Datura40, 60Gentiana41
Daucus25Geranium17
Decumaria25Gerardia37
Desmodium21Geum22





PAGE.PAGE.
Gleditschia21Lemna48
Glyceria57Leonurus39
Gnaphalium29Lepidium11
Gonolobus42Leptocaulis26
Gordonia16Leptochloa57
Gratiola37Leptopoda30
Gymnopogon57Lespedeza21
Gynandropsis12Leucanthemum28
Habenaria50Leucothoœ33
Halesia34Liatris30
Hamamelis25Ligustrum42
Helenium29Lilium51
Helianthemum12Limnanthemum41
Helianthus30Limnobium49
Heliophytum39Linaria36, 60
Heliotropium39, 60Linum17
Hepatica9Lipocarpha54
Herpestis37Lippia38
Heuchera25Liquidambar25
Hibiscus16Liriodendron10
Hieracium30Listera50
Holcus58Lithospermum39
Hordeum58Lobelia32
Hydrochloa56Lonicera26
Hydrocotyle25Ludwigia24
Hydrolea39Lupinus20
Hypericum15Luzula52
Hypoxys50Lycopodium60
Hyptis38Lycopus38
Ilex34Lygodium60
Ilysanthes37Lysimachia35
Impatiens17Lythrum23
Indigofera20Macbridea38
Ipomœa40Magnolia9
Iris51Malva16
Isolepis54Marrubium39
Itea25Marshallia30
Iva30Martynia36
Juglans46Maruta27
Juncus52Mayaca52
Juniperus47Medicago20
Jussiæa24Melanthera31
Kalmia33Melanthium51
Kosteletzkya16Melia17
Krigia30Melica57
Kuhnia30Melilotus22
Kyllingia54Melothria25
Lachnanthes50Menispermum10
Lachnocaulon53Mentha38
Lactuca30Micranthemum37
Lagenaria25Microstylis49
Lamium39Mikania30
Lapago59, 60Mimulus36
Lathyrus20Mitchella27
Lechea12Mitreola27
Leersia56Mollugo15
Leiophyllum34Monarda38





PAGE.PAGE.
Monotropa34Pluchea32
Morus45Poa57
Muhlenbergia56Podophyllum10
Mulgedium32Podostigma42
Myrica47Pogonia50
Myriophyllum24Polygala19
Naias49Polygonella44
Negundo19Polygonum43
Nelumbium10Polymnia31
Nepeta38Polypodium59
Nesæa23Polypogon56
Nuphar10Polypremum27
Nymphæa10Pontederia52
Nyssa26Ponthieva49
Obione43Populus47
Obolaria41Portulaca15
Œnothera24Potamogeton48
Oldenlandia27Potentilla22
Olea42Prenanthes31
Onoclea59Proserpinaca24
Onosmodium39Prunus22
Opuntia24Psilocarya55
Orontium48Psoralea20
Osmunda60Ptelea17
Oxalis17Pteris59
Oxydendrum33Pterocaulon31
Pæpalanthas53Pycnanthemum38
Pancratium50Pyrola34
Panicum58, 60Pyrrhopappus28
Papaver11Pyrus23
Parnassia14Pyxidanthera40
Paronychia16Quamoclit40
Paspalum58Quercus46
Passiflora24Ranunculus9, 60
Pastinaca26Rhexia23
Penthorum25Rhus18
Pentstemon36Rhynchosia21
Persea44Rhynchospora54
Petalostemon22Ricinus45
Petunia41Robinia20
Phacelia39Rosa22
Phalaris58Rubus22
Pharbitis40Rudbeckia31
Phaseolus21Rumex44
Phlox39Ruppia48
Phoradendron44Sabal48
Physalis40Sabbatia41
Physostegia39Sageretia18
Phytolacca42Sagina16
Pilea45Sagittaria49
Pinguicula36Salicornia43
Pinus47Salix47
Planera46Salsola43
Plantago35Salvia38
Platanthera50Sambucus26
Platanus46Samolus35
Pleea52Sanguinaria11





PAGE.PAGE.
Sanicula26Symplocos34
Saponaria15Tanacetum32
Sarracenia11Taraxacum30
Sassafras44Taxodium47
Saururus44Tecoma36
Saxifraga25Telanthera43
Schizandra60Tephrosia20
Schrankia22Tetranthera44
Schwalbea37Teucrium39
Scirpus54Thalictrum9
Scleria55Thaspium26
Scolymus60Tiedemannia26
Scrophularia36Tilia16
Scutellaria38Tillandsia50
Selaginella60Tipularia50
Senebiera11Tofieldia52
Senecio31Tradescantia52
Sericocarpus32Tragia45
Sesuvium15Tribulus17, 60
Setaria59Trichelostylis54
Seutera42Trichodium56
Seymeria37Trichostema39
Sicyos25Trifolium20
Sida16Triglochin49
Silene15Trilisa30
Silphium31Triplasis57
Sisymbrium11Tripsacum59
Sisyrhinchium51Trisetum58
Smilax51Typha48
Solanum40Ulmus46
Solidago31Uniola58
Sonchus32Urtica45
Sorghum59Utricularia35
Sparganium48Vaccinium33
Spartina57Verbascum36
Spergula16Verbena38
Spergularia16Vernonia32
Spigelia27Veronica37
Spilanthes32Viburnum26
Spiræa23Vicia22
Spiranthes50Vilfa56
Sporobolus56Viola12
Stachys39Vitis18
Staphylea18Wistaria20
Statice35Woodwardia59
Stellaria16Xanthium32
Stenotaphrum59Xanthosoma48
Stillingia45Xyris53
Stipa56Yucca51
Stipulicida16Zanthoxylum17
Stuartia16Zygadenus51
Stylisma40Zizania56
Stylosanthes21Zornia20
Styrax34Zostera48





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