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Public schools of Wilson County, North Carolina

Date: 1924 | Identifier: LA341.W5 C6 1924
Public schools of Wilson County, North Carolina, by Charles L. Coon, superintendent of schools. Ten years, 1913-1914 to 1923-1924 ... [Wilson] N.C. : Board of Education of Wilson County, 1924. 99, [1] p. incl. illus., tables. 23 cm. more...
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THE PUBLIC SCHOOLS
OF
WILSON COUNTY
NORTH CAROLINA

TEN YEARS
1913-1914
TO
1923-1924

[Illustration:


decoration]

PUBLISHED BY THE
BOARD OF EDUCATION OF WILSON COUNTY
1924BARRETT'S PRINTING HOUSE, WILSON




MEMBERS BOARD OF EDUCATION, 1913-14 TO 1923-24

1. Those who have served during any part of the past ten years:

Nathan Bass, chairman, July 1, 1913, to December 4, 1919.

R. T. Barnes, July 1, 1913, to February 2, 1914.

C. E. Brame, February 2, 1914, to April 7, 1919 (succeeding R. T. Barnes).

B. J. Thompson, July 1, 1913, to November 3, 1919.

N. L. Barnes, April 7, 1919, to November 6, 1922 (succeeding C. E. Brame).

J. H. Thompson, November 3, 1919 (succeeding B. J. Thompson).

R. L. Barnes, November 6, 1922 (succeeding N. L. Barnes).

E. J. Barnes, chairman, December 4, 1919, to February 6, 1922 (succeeding Nathan Bass).

Doane Herring, chairman, February 6, 1922 (succeeding E. J. Barnes).

John B. Eason, April 2, 1923.

William H. Dixon, April 2, 1923.

2. Present members of the Board of Education:

Doane Herring, chairman; J. H. Thompson, R. L. Barnes, J. B. Eason, and W. H. Dixon.





PUBLIC SCHOOLS OF WILSON COUNTY North Carolina

BY

CHARLES L. COON

Superintendent of Schools

TEN YEARS

1913-1914 TO 1923-1924

“Prof. C. L. Coon was elected to succeed E. J. Barnes as superintendent, his term of office to commence first Monday in October, 1913.”—From Minutes Board of Education, August 25, 1913.

NORTH CAROLINA

BOARD OF EDUCATION OF WILSON COUNTY

SEPTEMBER, 1924





SOME SIGNIFICANT FACTS

Items1913-141923-2410 Years’ Gain
1. Value of property for taxation$16,000,000$46,927,490$ 30,927,490
2. Value school property128,5001,492,3301,363,830
White102,0001,371,1801,269,180
Colored26,500121,15094,650
3. Paid all teachers42,163245,857203,694
White33,369212,510179,141
Colored8,79433,34724,553
4. Yearly salary of teachers281839558
White3181,031713
Colored195383188
5. Number of teachers150293143
White105206101
Colored458742
6. Census, 6-2110,75314,6754,012 (37)
White5,7853,1452,360 (41)
Colored4,9686,6201,652 (33)
7. School enrollment7,29111,6764,385 (60)
White4,0766,8502,774 (68)
Colored3,2214,8261,605 (50)
8. White enrollment, grades 7-114271,221794
9. Number white children attending 100 days and more1,195 (29%)4,567 (68%)3,372
10. Over-age pupils in the grades (white)2,610 (64%)3,515 (53%)11 0ecrease
11. Average daily attendance4,4287,5973,169 (72)
White2,6214,7752,154 (82)
Colored1,8072,8221,015 (56)
12. Standard high schools154
13. School trucks06666
14. Pupils carried by trucks02,2002,200





CONTENTS

PAGE
I.County-wide School Tax Election, 19185
II.Bonds Voted for School Buildings, 1913-14 to 1923-248
III.State Loans for School Buildings9
IV.A Short History of the Town of Wilson Schools10
V.Facts About School Consolidation, 1917-2411
VI.Teachers’ Salaries, 1913-14 and 1923-2414
VII.School Expenditures, 1923-2415
VIII.School Taxes Levied for 1924-2516
IX.School Property, 1913-14 and 1923-2417
X.School Buildings, 1913-14 and 1923-2422
XI.Comparison School Attendance, 1913-14 and 1923-2456
XII.Comparison White Enrollment by Grades, 1913-14 and 1923-2457
XIII.Grade Enrollment and Over-age Pupils, 1913-14 and 1923-2458
XIV.Increase in Days Attendance, White Children, 1913-14 and 1923-2473
XV.Grade Enrollment and Over-age Pupils, Colored Schools, 1923-2477
XVI.Scholarship of White Teachers, 1923-24 and 1924-2580
XVII.Elementary Daily Programs of School Work, 1924-2582
XVIII.Suggestions and Directions for Principals and Teachers, 1924-2585
XIX.Wilson County and City Teachers, 1924-25 (White)94
XX.Types of Teachers Not Wanted98
XXI.Total Teachers’ Salary Budget, 1924-25100
XXII.Trucks—Cost of Operation, 1923-24100





PREFACE

The facts set forth in this report show that the schools of Wilson County have made considerable progress during the past ten years.

We now have five standard high schools in the county—Wilson, Stantonsburg, Black Creek, Rock Ridge, and Elm City. By the end of 1924-25 we shall add Lucama and Gardner's to the list of standard high schools for white children and the Wilson Colored School to the list of standard high schools for colored children. We have good school buildings for all the white children, except at Town Creek.

We still have the task of equipping all the elementary schools with such teaching equipment in the matter of libraries, maps, globes, and apparatus as will put them in the Standard Elementary School Class as defined by the N. C. State Department of Education.

We still have the task before us of unifying and standardizing the instruction given in all our schools. We must have more and better supervision of the work done in the schools.

We still have the task of making broader our courses of study and of extending the benefits of the schools to the adult population of the county.

There is no reason why our school buildings cannot be made the centers for many forms of extension teaching and community betterment.

We still have the task of increasing the daily attendance of the children and of eliminating the over-age pupils in the grades. Possibly the most expensive item of our school expense is irregular attendance.

We still have the task of providing suitable school buildings for the colored children in many parts of the county.

Finally, let me express my thanks and grateful appreciation to all the people of the county who have had a part in making possible the school progress set forth in this report. In the name of the children and their welfare, I make bold to ask the continued coöperation and support of every citizen who loves his county and its future, to the end that our schools may become entirely worthy of the great task committed to them.

CHARLES L. COON,

Superintendent of Schools.

NOVEMBER 1, 1924.





I. COUNTY-WIDE SCHOOL TAX ELECTION, 1918

The following is a brief history of the county-wide school tax election held on January 18, 1918:

1. A STATEMENT ABOUT OUR SCHOOLS

To the People of Wilson County:

The general county school tax is sufficient to run our public schools 4½ months and pay most of the white teachers only $40 per month. A few white teachers who are principals of two-teacher schools are paid $45 a month for this short term. The State supplemented our school term only 10 days last year. It is impossible to get good teachers at such salaries for 5 months in 12 months. One of two things can be done:

1. The County Board of Education can increase the salaries of teachers out of the general school fund now provided, which will mean that the county school term will have to be reduced to less than 4 months. Then the county board will be forced to ask for a special county tax levy to run the schools four months as the State Constitution requires. If that were done, the 18 districts which are now levying a special school tax and which have school terms of 7 to 9 months will have to pay their part of this special county tax, made necessary by the fact that there are 30 other districts in the county which are not now making any effort to help themselves to have better schools by increased school taxation.

2. The other thing the County Board of Education can do is to submit to the people of the whole county the question of levying a special school tax of not more than 30 cents on the $100 worth of property in all the school districts, which is the same tax our 18 local tax districts now pay to supplement their part of the general county school fund. If such a special tax were voted, then every school district in Wilson County would have at least a seven months school term and no district would pay more school tax than is now paid by Evansdale, Parker's, or any other local tax district we now have.

The County Board of education, therefore, intends to appeal to the people of the county to vote the special school tax mentioned above. It will be well in this connection for all to remember four things:

1. All legal voters of the county will be entitled to register and vote whether they live in any one of the present local tax districts or not. The public schools are a county interest and every voter may have a voice in making those schools better, not only in his own district but in every other district.

2. If the people of the county fail to approve the proposed local tax for all our 48 school districts, then the 18 local tax districts now in existence remain as they are.

3. If those who now live in our 18 local tax districts are indifferent to this question and fail to vote for this county local tax, then we see no way by which we can avoid raising the meager short term teachers’ salaries now paid, and that will make an increased county tax levy for schools an absolute necessity. Surely it is not fair to ask the 18 districts now helping themselves to raise their school taxes unless they say by their votes they desire that done.

4. Many of the schoolhouses of the county are as poor and as devoid of good furniture and equipment as they well can be. The school law makes it obligatory that every district bear at least one-half the expense of building and repairing its own schoolhouse. Without a district local tax, most of our schoolhouses must remain poor and there is no help for it except to decrease the present short school term.





In conclusion, we are certain that the school affairs of this county have been managed with intelligence and economy. But the general school funds have remained about the same for the last 4 or 5 years. During that time the cost of everything has greatly increased. We simply cannot longer conduct the schools on the money we have without reducing the term and thus making a special tax a certainty, unless the people will adopt the local tax measure now proposed. We confidently believe the people of the county will stand behind the plan proposed to better the children's schools. We are, therefore, asking every citizen of the county to aid in this vital cause.

Respectfully submitted,

E. J. BARNES,

B. J. THOMPSON,

C. E. BRAME,

County Board of Education.

2. NOTICE OF SPECIAL ELECTION

STATE OF NORTH CAROLINA—Wilson County.

To the Board of County Commissioners:

According to the provisions of chapter 71 of the Public Laws of 1911, we, the undersigned members of the County Board of Education, hereby petition that you order an election to be held in Wilson County to ascertain the will of the people whether there shall be levied and collected a special school tax of not more than thirty cents on each $100 worth of taxable property and of not more than ninety cents on each taxable poll to supplement the general school fund of Wilson County.

This the 5th day of November, 1917.

(Signed) E. J. BARNES,

C. E. BRAME,

B. J. THOMPSON,

County Board of Education.

On the above petition the board of county commissioners took the following action:

1. That the petition be granted and that the election asked for is hereby ordered to be held on Friday. January 18, 1918; that there be a new registration of voters; and that the registration books be opened on Monday, December 10, 1917, and close on Friday, January 11, 1918, at sunset.

2. That the following registrars and judges of election are hereby appointed for this election:

(a) For Black Creek Township: Wade R. Brooks, registrar, and J. S. Tomlinson and F. M. Yelverton. Voting place: Black Creek.

(b) For Cross Roads Township: Joseph Bass, registrar, and I. H. Davis and Nathan Bass. Voting place: Lucama.

(c) For Gardner's Township: W. B. Forbes, registrar, and Paul Thomas and William Barnes. Voting place: Wilbanks.

(d) For Old Fields Township: R. L. Barnes, registrar, and H. R. Wilkinson and J. S. Bailey. Voting place: Township voting place.

(e) For Saratoga Township: J. A. McKeel, registrar, and W. D. Owens and John B. Eason. Voting place: Saratoga.

(f) For Spring Hill Township: S. C. Barnes, registrar, and J. R. Narron and Wiley R. Barnes. Voting place: Township voting place.

(g) For Stantonsburg Township: R. C. Bailey, registrar, and John C. Stanton and J. L. Turner. Voting place: Stantonsburg.

(h) Taylor's Township: John S. Thompson, registrar, and W. D. Dew and A. M. Thompson. Voting place: New Hope Schoolhouse.





(i) Toisnot Township: Clyde Hedgepeth, registrar, and Zeb Dawes and R. A. Winstead. Voting place: Elm City.

(j) Wilson Township: J. A. Clark, registrar, and C. P. Farmer and James W. Uzzell. Voting place: County courthouse.

3. That those who vote for the tax proposed shall vote a ballot on which is printed or written the words “For Special Tax”; and those who vote against the tax proposed shall vote a ballot on which is printed or written the words “Against Special Tax.”

4. That advertisement of this election be made by the clerk of this board for 30 days by notice posted at the courthouse door and in at least one public place in each township and for four weeks in a newspaper published in Wilson County.

By order of the commissioners.

This 6th day of December, 1917.

JOHN R. DILDY, Clerk.

3. RESULT COUNTY-WIDE LOCAL TAX ELECTION

The election yesterday for a county-wide local tax of not more than 30 cents on each $100 worth of property for each school district was carried by a handsome majority. . . . The following are the official returns by townships:

NameRegisteredForAgainst
Wilson30726839
Black Creek1259530
Stantonsburg103994
Gardner's914051
Toisnot18511075
Saratoga582236
Taylor's483414
Spring Hill615110
Old Fields233104129
Cross Roads714328
Total1,282866416

Every voter registered and not voting is counted against the measure. Only a small number of opponents went to the polls and cast their ballots against this salutary measure.—Wilson Daily Times, January 19, 1918.





II. BONDS VOTED FOR SCHOOL BUILDINGS,
1913-14 TO 1923-24

The following bond issues for school buildings have been voted during the past 10 years:

1. Town of Wilson—

a. On May 24, 1913, $30,000; votes for, 249; votes against, 0.

b. On April 10, 1917, $150,000; votes for, 273; votes against, 0; registration, 364.

c. On May 7, 1921, $300,000; votes for, 645; votes against, 15; registration, 863.

d. On May 27, 1924, $35,000; votes for, 472; votes against, 1; registration, 613.

e. Total school bonds voted by the town of Wilson during the past 10 years, $515,000.

2. Wilson County—

(1) Old Fields Township:

a. Rock Ridge, on September 22, 1917, $5,000; votes for, 41; votes against, 2; registration, 47.

b. The whole township, on December 30, 1921, $145,000; votes for, 159; votes against, 79; registration, 282.

c. Total for township, $150,000.

(2) Stantonsburg:

a. On February 15, 1919, $15,000; votes for, 71; votes against, 1; registration, 79.

b. On December 31, 1921, $25,000; votes for, 99; votes against, 6; registration, 128.

c. Total for the district, $40,000.

(3) Black Creek Township:

a. On July 5, 1919, $25,000; votes for, 177; votes against, 0; registration, 253.

b. On July 12, 1921, $60,000; votes for, 114; votes against, 13; registration, 177.

c. Total for the township, $85,000.

(4) Elm City: On July 16, 1921, $75,000; votes for, 149; votes against, 6, registration, 185.

(5) Spring Hill Township: On September 26, 1921, $35,000; votes for, 108; votes against, 65; registration, 191.

(6) Taylor's Township: On September 3, 1921, $25,000; votes for, 30; votes against, 8; registration, 45.

(7) Saratoga Township: On September 27, 1921, $25,000; votes for, 45; votes against, 1; registration, 55.

(8) Cross Roads Township: On August 21, 1923, $75,000; votes for, 150; votes against, 8; registration, 203.

3. Summary of bonds—

a. Wilson$515,000
b. Old Fields150,000
c. Stantonsburg40,000
d. Black Creek85,000
e. Elm City75,000
f. Spring Hill35,000
g. Taylor's25,000
h. Saratoga25,000
i. Cross Roads75,000
Total$1,025,000





III. STATE LOANS FOR SCHOOL BUILDINGS

1. From Literary Fund:
a. August 10, 1919$35,000
b. July 1, 192035,000
c. July 1, 192135,000
2. From Special Building Fund:
a. September 15, 1922$50,000
b. March 1, 192345,000
c. December 1, 192470,000
3. Total State Loans$270,000





IV. A SHORT HISTORY TOWN OF WILSON SCHOOLS

At a mass meeting of the citizens of Wilson, held during the week of July 8, 1881, a committee of five were appointed to recommend trustees and to take such steps as might be necessary to establish a graded school for white children. At a meeting held on July 15, 1881, the following persons were elected trustees: T. J. Hadley, president; M. Rountree, treasurer; M. T. Moye, secretary; K. H. Winstead, F. W. Barnes, R. J. Taylor, G. W. Blount, H. C. Moss, G. D. Green, and Warren Woodard. This committee proceeded to raise the necessary funds by private subscription to conduct the school for one year. The Wilson Advance of August 26, 1881, announced the following teachers for the session 1881-1882; J. L. Tomlinson, superintendent, J. F. Bruton, Mrs. E. W. Adams, Mrs. W. F. Mercer, and Miss M. A. Hearne, assistants. It was also announced that the school would open on September 5, 1881, in the Wilson Collegiate Seminary building, the site of the present residence of Mr. J. T. Wiggins.

On September 2, 1881, the books to be used in the school during 1881-1882 were announced as follows: New American Spellers, Appleton's Readers, New American Arithmetics, Mitchell's New Geographies, Reed & Kellogg's Grammars, Moore's School History of North Carolina, Goodrich's Primary History U. S., Barnes’ U. S. History, Spencerian System of Penmanship, and Worchester's School Dictionaries.

On September 23, 1881, the enrollment was 250 pupils. In October, 1881, George M. Lindsay, of Rocky Mount, was added to the teaching force. The total expenses of the first year's operations of the school were $4,651.

During the year 1883, the idea of conducting the school by private donations was abandoned and a special school tax was voted; the taxes of white property owners going to the white school and the taxes of colored property owners going to the colored school. This race division of the school taxes was declared unconstitutional by our State Supreme Court at the September, 1886, term. The Wilson Graded School closed its 1886-87 term in May, 1887, and the graded school idea was abandoned for four years because the majority of the people of this community were then opposed to public schools for negro children at public expense. But in 1891 the people reversed themselves and voted to establish schools for white and negro children by public taxation.

SUPERINTENDENTS, 1881-1924
Julius L. Tomlinson1881-1883
John F. Bruton1883-1884
Eugene C. Branson1884-1886
Collier Cobb (acting)1886
Philander P. Claxton1886-1887
School discontinued1887-1891
Julius I. Foust1891-1894
George W. Connor1894-1896
Ernest P. Mangum1896-1905
Gray R. King1905-1907
Charles L. Coon1907-





V. FACTS ABOUT SCHOOL CONSOLIDATION, 1917-24

The following maps graphically set forth the progress made during the past seven years in school consolidation. In 1917 only the Wilson town high school offered a standard high school course. The other four high schools were not standard schools. This year we have Black Creek, Elm City, Stantonsburg, Rock Ridge, and Wilson on the list of standard high schools. By the end of 1924-25 we shall add Lucama and Gardner's to the list.






[Illustration:

WHITE-SCHOOLS - 1917 - WILSON COUNTY

ONE ROOM SCHOOLS- 25
[map symbol]TWO ROOM SCHOOLS- 15
[map symbol]THREE ROOM SCHOOLS- 6
[map symbol]HIGH SCHOOLS- 5
TOTAL51
]






[Illustration:

WHITE-SCHOOLS - 1924- WILSON COUNTY
[illegible text] JUNIOR HIGH SCHOOLS - 3 (NINE GRADES)
• ELEMENTARY SCHOOLS - 7 (FOUR OR SIX GRADES)
• ELEMENTARY & HIGH SCHOOLS - 7
TOTAL - 17]





VI. TEACHERS’ SALARIES, 1913-14 AND 1923-24

YearWhiteColoredTotalNumber of TeachersAverage Yearly Salary
WhiteColoredTotalWhiteColored
I. Wilson—
1913-14$12,722$ 4,705$17,427221537$ 578$ 313
1923-2475,53612,47488,0105623791,349542
Increase62,8147,76970,58334842771229
Per cent increase493%165%405%154%53%113%133%73
II. Country—
1913-1420,6474,08924,7368330113248136
1923-24136,97420,874157,84815064214913326
Increase116,32716,785133,1126734101665190
Per cent increase567%410%538%80%113%89%268%140
III. County—
1913-1433,3698,79442,16310545150318195
1923-24212,51033,347245,857206872931,031383
Increase179,14121,553203,69410142143713188
Per cent increase536%290%483%96%93%95%224%96%





VII. SCHOOL EXPENDITURES, 1923-24

ItemsCountryWilson (Township)Elm City (Toisnot Township)Lucama (Cross Roads Tw.)County
I. Teaching and Supervision:
1. White elementary teachers$ 81,422$ 48,800$ 11,012$ 7,874$ 149,108
White high school teachers20,20425,0865,1302,82253,242
2. Colored elementary teachers14,83912,4743,9682,06733,348
3. Colored high school teachers
4. Superintendents2,4001,6502,4002,2008,650
5. Superintendent welfare1,3211,321
6. Rural supervisor188188
Totals120,37488,01022,51014,963245,857
II. Administration:
1. County board130130
2. Clerical3,2253,225
3. Office expense992631,055
Totals4,347634,410
III. Operation and Maintenance:
1. Fuel and janitors (W.)12,84511,1111,49849825,952
2. School supplies (W.)2,6271,302516704,515
3. Rent and insurance (W.)2,550472417983,537
4. Interest on loans (W.)5,9395,939
5. Transportation (W.)33,9751,1852,7932,36040,313
6. Fuel and janitors (C.)3874228966964
7. School supplies (C.)61201262
8. Rent and insurance (C.)16410552321
9. Other expense869124159301,182
Totals59,41714,9225,5243,12282,985
IV. Outlays:
1. New buildings (W.)24,39739024,787
2. Repairs (W.)2,9631,0911,4653995,918
3. Furniture (W.)2,6301,5143,733817,958
4. Libraries (W.)2832616325
5. New buildings (C.)1,0001,000
6. Repairs (C.)3881503124854
7. Furniture (C.)1582,8703,028
8. Libraries (C.)
9. Other outlays2525
Totals31,8145,6515,91648443,895
V. Borrowed Money Repaid:
1. State Literary Fund35,55835,558
2. Bond interest55,91855,918
3. Bonds retired3,0003,000
4. Interest, temporary loans400372772
Totals94,47640037295,248
Grand totals310,458108,98334,38518,569472,395





VIII. SCHOOL TAXES LEVIED FOR 1924-25

TownshipsValuationProperty TaxDog TaxPoll TaxTotal School Tax
Wilson$25,199,327$ 226,794$ 790$ 3,864$ 231,448
Black Creek2,812,33125,31131867526,304
Cross Roads2,304,56720,74121761821,576
Spring Hill2,174,88819,57333966020,572
Old Fields3,045,53627,4104651,01228,887
Taylors1,175,22210,57717139011,138
Toisnot4,196,00137,76439199939,154
Gardners2,149,63319,34736865220,367
Saratoga1,952,73617,57532858818,491
Stantonsburg1,917,24917,25620842917,893
Totals46,927,490422,3473,5959,888435,830





IX. SCHOOL PROPERTY, 1913-14 AND 1923-24

1. Aggregate Value White and Colored School Property, 1913-14 and 1923-24
Sites, AcresValue SitesSchool RoomsValue HousesTotal
County, 1923-24:
White20105$ 64,950229$ 1,306,230$ 1,371,180
Colored284211,55064109,600121,150
Totals4814776,5002931,415,8301,492,330
County, 1913-14:
White5312,00011390,000102,000
Colored275,0004821,50026,500
Totals8017,000161111,500128,500
10 Years’ Increase:
White52,9501161,216,2301,269,180
Colored6,5501688,10094,650
Totals59,5001321,304,3301,363,830

2. Summary White School Property, 1924
Townships and Number BuildingsSites, AcresValue SitesSchool RoomsValue HousesTotal
1. Black Creek18$ 2,40018$ 120,300$ 122,700
2. Cross Roads282,6002097,400100,000
3. Gardners151,8001672,90074,700
4. Old Fields4244,05030215,150220,200
5. Saratoga163,500844,50048,000
6. Taylors171,800847,20049,000
7. Spring Hill2102,60017102,400105,000
8. Stantonsburg273,60021107,180110,780
9. Toisnot2104,2002093,20097,400
10. Wilson42038,40071405,000443,400
Totals2010564,9502291,306,2301,371,180

3. Summary Colored School Property, 1924
Townships and Number BuildingsSites, AcresValue SitesSchool RoomsValue HousesTotal
1. Wilson510$ 7,15028$ 89,100$ 96,250
2. Toisnot4460085,1005,700
3. Cross Roads3440053,7004,100
4. Gardners4330031,0001,300
5. Old Fields2350048001,300
6. Spring Hill3340075,6006,000
7. Taylors2340042,8003,200
8. Black Creek4440041,2001,600
9. Stantonsburg041,0001,000
10. Saratoga144001300700
Totals284211,55064109,600121,150





4. Details Value of White School Property, 1924
Township and SchoolSite and ValueSize and Value Teachers’ HomeSize and Value SchoolhouseValue School PlantCompleted
1. Cross Roads:
a. Lucama6 acres10 rooms16 rooms
$ 2,000$ 3,000$ 71,000$ 76,0001924
b. Scotts2 acres5 rooms4 rooms
$ 600$ 4,000$ 19,400$ 24,0001924
Totals8 acres15 rooms20 rooms
$ 2,600$ 7,000$ 90,400$ 100,000
2. Black Creek8 acres10 rooms18 rooms
$ 2,400$ 16,000$ 104,300$ 122,7001921
3. Gardners5 acres10 rooms16 rooms
$ 1,800$ 12,000$ 60,900$ 74,7001920
4. Old Fields:
a. Rock Ridge9 acres15 rooms16 rooms
$ 1,500$ 12,000$ 87,450$ 100,9501923
b. Lamms5 acres5 rooms6 rooms
$ 1,100$ 6,000$ 32,900$ 40,0001923
c. Simms5 acres5 rooms6 rooms
$ 750$ 6,000$ 32,900$ 39,6501923
d. Bullocks5 acres5 rooms6 rooms
$ 7006,000$ 32,900$ 39,6001923
Totals24 acres30 rooms34 rooms
$ 4,050$ 30,000$ 186,150$ 220,2001923
5. Saratoga6 acres5 rooms8 rooms
$ 3,500$ 6,000$ 38,500$ 48,0001922
6. Taylors7 acres5 rooms8 rooms
$ 1,800$ 6,000$ 41,200$ 49,0001922
7. Spring Hill:
a. Buckhorn5 acres6 rooms9 rooms
$ 1,500$ 5,500$ 50,200$ 57,2001921
b. St. Marys5 acres5 rooms8 rooms
$ 1,100$ 6,000$ 40,700$ 47,8001922
Totals10 acres11 rooms17 rooms
$ 2,600$ 11,500$ 90,900$ 105,000
8. Stantonsburg:
a. Stantonsburg5 acres10 rooms17 rooms
$ 3,000$ 12,000$ 89,780$ 104,7801920 and 1923
b. Evansdale2 acres4 rooms
$ 600$ 5,400$ 6,0001919
Totals7 acres10 rooms21 rooms
$ 3,600$ 12,000$ 95,180$ 110,780





DETAILS VALUE OF WHITE SCHOOL PROPERTY, 1924—Continued
Township and SchoolSite and ValueSize and Value Teachers’ HomeSize and Value School-houseValue School PlantCompleted
9. Toisnot:
1. Elm City6 acres16 rooms
$ 3,600$ 87,200$ 90,8001922
b. Town Creek4 acres4 rooms
$ 600$ 6,000$ 6,0001922
Totals10 acres20 rooms
$ 4,200$ 93,200$ 97,400
10. Wilson:
a. Maplewood6 acres10 rooms18 rooms
$ 12,000$ 16,000$ 40,000$ 68,0001902 and 1920
b. Kenan Street3 acres12 rooms
$ 2,400$ 30,000$ 32,4001914
c. Winstead5 acres11 rooms
$ 3,000$ 40,000$ 43,0001917 and 1924
d. High school6 acres30 rooms
$ 21,000$ 279,000$ 300,0001923
Totals20 acres10 rooms71 rooms
$ 38,400$ 16,000$ 389,000$ 443,400

5. Value Colored School Property, 1924
Township and SchoolsSite and ValueSize and Value School-houseValue School PlantYear Completed
1. Wilson:
a. Old School2 acres12 rooms
$ 1,500$ 30,500$ 32,0001906 and 1924
b. New School5 acres10 rooms
$ 5,250$ 49,000$ 54,2501924
c. Barnes2 acres5 rooms
$ 300$ 9,000$ 9,3001920
d. Lanes1 acre1 room
$ 100$ 600$ 700
e. Loversno house
Totals510 acres28 rooms
$ 7,150$ 89,100$ 96,250
2. Toisnot:
a. Elm City1 acre5 rooms
$ 300$ 4,000$ 4,3001919
b. Penders1 acre1 room
$ 100$ 300$ 400
c. Turners1 acre1 room
$ 100$ 400$ 500
d. Pages1 acre1 room
$ 100$ 400$ 500
Totals44 acres8 rooms
$ 600$ 5,100$ 5,700





VALUE COLORED SCHOOL PROPERTY, 1924—Continued
Township and SchoolsSite and ValueSize and Value School-houseValue School PlantYear Completed
3. Cross Roads:
a. Lucama2 acres3 rooms
$ 200$ 3,000$ 3,2001918
b. Powells1 acre1 room
$ 100$ 400$ 500
c. Calvins1 acre1 room
$ 100$ 300$ 400
Totals34 acres5 rooms
$ 400$ 3,700$ 4,100
4. Gardners:
a. Holdens1 acre1 room
$ 100$ 200$ 300
b. Wilbanks1 acre1 room
$ 100$ 200$ 300
c. Bynums1 acre1 room
$ 100$ 400$ 500
d. Whitleyno house
Totals43 acres3 rooms
$ 300$ 1,000$ 1,300
5. Old Fields:
a. Simsno house
b. Jones Hill1 acre2 rooms
$ 100$ 500$ 600
c. New Vester2 acres2 rooms
$ 400$ 300$ 700
Totals23 acres4 rooms
$ 500$ 800$ 1,300
6. Spring Hill:
a. Williamson1 acre1 room
$ 200$ 600$ 8001917
b. Rocky Branch1 acre3 rooms
$ 100$ 2,500$ 2,6001917
c. Kirbys1 acre3 rooms
$ 100$ 2,500$ 2,6001917
Totals33 acres7 rooms
$ 400$ 5,600$ 6,000
7. Taylors:
a. Farmersno house
b. Howards1 acre1 room
$ 100$ 300$ 400
c. Mitchell2 acres3 rooms
$ 300$ 2,500$ 2,8001919
Totals23 acres4 rooms
$ 400$ 2,800$ 3,200





VALUE COLORED SCHOOL PROPERTY, 1924—Continued.
Township and SchoolsSite and ValueSize and Value SchoolhouseValue School PlantYear Completed
8. Black Creek:
a. Ruffins1 acre1 room
$ 100$ 400$ 500
b. Ferrells1 acre1 room
$ 100$ 300$ 400
c. Brooks1 acre1 room
$ 100$ 200$ 300
d. Minshew1 acre1 room
$ 100$ 300$ 400
Totals44 acres4 rooms
$ 400$ 1,200$ 1,600
9. Stantonsburg:
a. Evansdale2 acres
$ 400$ 400no house
b. Stantonsburg2 acres
$ 600$ 600no house
Totals24 acres
$ 1,000$ 1,000
10. Saratoga:
a. Yelverton2 acres
$ 200$ 200no house
b. Saratoga2 acres1 room
$ 200$ 300$ 500
c. Bethelno house
Totals34 acres1 room
$ 400$ 300$ 700









X. SCHOOL BUILDINGS, 1913-14 AND 1923-24
1. BLACK CREEK (OLD)


[Illustration:

BLACK CREEK
]


[Illustration:

FERRELL'S
]


[Illustration:

TOMLINSON'S
]

NOTE.—Pittman's and Minshew's were one-room schools.






[Illustration:

BLACK CREEK (NEW)
]






[Illustration:

BLACK CREEK (NEW)
]





2. CROSS ROADS (OLD)


[Illustration:

SCOTT'S
]


[Illustration:

UPPER BLACK CREEK
]


[Illustration:

LUCAMA
]

NOTE.—Barnes was a two-room school; Mumford's was a one-room school which has been combined with Scotts.





CROSS ROADS (NEW)

(a) Lucama: An addition of 10 rooms to the old building is being added. The completed building will have 16 rooms, an assembly hall, office, library, etc. This building will have steam heat, lights, and water. It will be modern in all respects. This addition will cost $65,000.

(b) Scott's: A new primary school with four modern classrooms, an assembly hall, and quarters for teachers, all under one roof, is being erected. This building will have steam heat, lights, water. This building will cost $25,000.





3. GARDNER'S (OLD)


[Illustration:

THOMAS
]


[Illustration:

WOODARD
]

NOTE.—Pender's was a one-room school; Thorne's was a one-room school of the Thomas type; Holden's was a two-room school like New Hope; Baker's was a one-room school of the Thomas type; Wilbanks was a one-room school like Woodard's.






[Illustration:

GARDNER'S (NEW)
]





4. OLD FIELDS (OLD)


[Illustration:

BOYKIN'S
]


[Illustration:

ROCK HILL
]


[Illustration:

BOSWELL'S
]






[Illustration:

ROCK RIDGE
]


[Illustration:

WELLS’
]






[Illustration:

PLEASANT GROVE
]


[Illustration:

NEVERSON
]

NOTE.—Sims was a one-room school of the Neverson type. Lodge was a two-room school of the type of Boykins.






[Illustration:

OLD FIELDS (NEW)—SIMS’, LAMM'S AND BULLOCK'S (THREE ALIKE)
]






[Illustration:

OLD FIELDS (NEW), ROCK RIDGE
]





5. SARATOGA TOWNSHIP (OLD)


[Illustration:

SARATOGA
]


[Illustration:

BURRUSS
]


[Illustration:

EAGLES
]






[Illustration:

SARATOGA (NEW)
]





6. SPRING HILL (OLD)


[Illustration:

ST. MARY'S
]


[Illustration:

JOHNSON'S
]


[Illustration:

RENFROW'S
]






[Illustration:

KIRBY'S
]


[Illustration:

BUCKHORN
]


[Illustration:

WARD'S
]






[Illustration:

REVELL'S
]






[Illustration:

SPRING HILL (NEW), ST. MARY'S
]






[Illustration:

SPRING HILL (NEW), BUCKHORN
]





7. STANTONSBURG (NEW)


[Illustration:

EVANSDALE
]






[Illustration:

STANTONSBURG (NEW)
]





8. TAYLOR'S (OLD)


[Illustration:

PAGE
]


[Illustration:

NEW HOPE
]

NOTE.—Horne's was a one-room school.






[Illustration:

TAYLOR'S (NEW)
]





9. TOISNOT (OLD)


[Illustration:

ELM CITY
]


[Illustration:

TURNER'S
]


[Illustration:

ROSEBUD
]






[Illustration:

TOWN CREEK
]

NOTE.—Oak Grove same as Turner's; Page's same as Town Creek; Parker's same as Town Creek.






[Illustration:

TOISNOT (NEW), ELM CITY
]





10. TOWN OF WILSON SCHOOLS


[Illustration:

TOWN OF WILSON—HIGH SCHOOL
]






[Illustration:

TOWN OF WILSON—MAPLEWOOD AND TEACHERS’ HOME
]






[Illustration:

TOWN OF WILSON—KENAN STREET
]






[Illustration:

TOWN OF WILSON—WINSTEAD
]






[Illustration:

LAMM'S
]


[Illustration:

LANE'S
]

NOTE.—These were abolished in 1918. Two similar schools (Mill and Daniel) were abolished in 1916.






[Illustration:

TOWN OF WILSON—COLORED ELEMENTARY SCHOOL
]






[Illustration:

TOWN OF WILSON—COLORED HIGH SCHOOL
]





XI. COMPARISON SCHOOL ATTENDANCE, 1913-14
AND 1923-24

1. Country
Items1913-141923-2410 Years’ GainGain, Per Cent in 10 Years
1. Census, 6-217,64210,3072,66535
White4,3605,9561,59637
Colored3,2824,3511,06933
2. Enrollment5,4458,6013,15658
White3,0825,0001,91862
Colored2,3633,6011,23852
3. Average daily attendance3,2055,3692,16468
White1,9263,3031,37771
Colored1,2792,06678762

2. Wilson
1. Census, 6-213,1114,4581,34743.3
White1,4252,18976453.6
Colored1,6862,26958334.5
2. Enrollment1,8363,0751,23992
White9781,850872114
Colored8581,22536763
3. Average daily attendance1,2232,2281,00582
White6951,472777112
Colored52875622843

3. County
1. Census, 6-2110,75314,7654,01237
White5,7858,1452,36041
Colored4,9686,6201,65233
2. Enrollment7,29111,6764,38560
White4,0766,8502,77468
Colored3,2214,8261,60550
3. Average daily attendance4,4287,5973,16972
White2,6214,7752,15482
Colored1,8072,8221,01556





XII. COMPARISON WHITE ENROLLMENT BY GRADES,
1913-14 AND 1923-24

Townships and Years1234567891011Total
1. Wilson:
1923-243272582412231871731461187961371,850
1913-14238136106100711159146323310978
Increase89122135123116585572472827872
2. Taylors:
1923-2468353432242119116250
1913-145120181914521148
Increase171516132016*2116102
3. Stantonsburg:
1923-24726450444531252719206403
1913-1475364025251014153243
Increase*32810192021111216206160
4. Gardners:
1923-248755395336353612444365
1913-14983543291320238
Increase*1120*42423153612444127
5. Cross Roads:
1923-241277780586651342315127550
1913-14166476460423813151074466
Increase*393016*2241321855384
6. Old Fields:
1923-242821441211261008357434425121,037
1913-1424111491116355015205687
Increase4130301065334223392512350
7. Saratoga:
1923-24130705554472317874415
1913-149428343961411226
Increase364211154196874189
8. Black Creek:
1923-24141844281353924242098507
1913-1413129950342994295
Increase1055333111015202098212
9. Spring Hill:
1923-242159866775841311814618
1913-1413749434728264334
Increase784923303015271814284
10. Toisnot:
1923-2417084919558644436251610693
1913-141416261615833261045461
Increase29223034311826211110232
County:
1923-241,619969819843656561433320233151846,688
1913-141,3725565095463263402041105445144,076
Increase247413310297330221229210179106702,612
Per cent increase187461541016511219133223650064
[note]





XIII. GRADE ENROLLMENT AND OVER-AGE PUPILS,
WHITE SCHOOLS, 1913-14 AND 1923-24

1. Summary Normal and Over-Age in the Grades, 1913-14 and 1923-24
SchoolsNumber Normal Age, 1913-14Number Over Age, 1913-14Number Normal Age, 1923-24Number Over Age, 1923-24Enrolled, 1913-14Enrolled, 1923-2410 Years’ Increase Enrollment
Saratoga59167139276226415189
26.1%73.9%33.6%66.4%
Spring Hill99235219399334618284
29.2%70.8%35.4%64.6%
Taylors3611287163148250102
23.6%76.4%34.8%65.2%
Old Fields1855024226156871,037350
26.9%73.1%40.7%59.3%
Toisnot120341349344461693232
26.0%74.0%50.3%49.7%
Black Creek92203208299295507212
31.1%68.9%41.0%59.0%
Gardners75163153212238365127
33.2%66.8%41.8%58.2%
Stantonsburg93150200203243403160
38.2%61.8%49.6%50.4%
Cross Roads12334325030046655084
26.4%73.6%45.5%54.5%
Wilson5843941,1467049781,850872
59.7%40.3%61.4%38.6%
County*1,4662,6103,1733,5154,076†6,6882,612
35.9%64.1%47.4%52.6%64.3%
[note]
[note]





2. Wilson Township, 1923-24
ENROLLMENT BY AGE AND GRADE
AgeGradesTotal
1234567891011
616310173
792986196
83358785174
9164167674195
1010213773609210
119112934502916178
122111223254145159
132561227293862127
143571133234418144
15124221628262101
16345202021477
17142115201457
18126613937
1911224515
201157
21 and over
Totals3272582412231871731461187961371,850
Normal age and under2551661511451147999504623181,146 or 61.4
Over age7292907873944768333819704 or 38.6%

3. Wilson Township, 1913-14
ENROLLMENT BY AGE AND GRADE
AgeGradesTotal
1234567891011
677582
777423122
84440265115
911182028683
1012193428198120
11104141728156195
1272314143023295
1346621920135176
1422220171511473
15610771040
16107551239
1754345728
1823139
19
2011
21 and over
Totals238136106100711159146323310978
Normal age and under548749515353493123277584 or 59.7
Over age8449574918624215963394 or 40.3%





3. Taylor's Township, 1923-24
ENROLLMENT BY AGE AND GRADE
AgeGradesTotal
1234567891011
61717
7168226
81112427
91265225
1052861123
113649325
12112421213
1335496229
143565423
1542313114
162145214
171113
1822116
19123
20
21 and over112
Totals68353432242119116250
Normal age and under33201184244187 or 34.8
Over age3515232420191575163 or 65.2%

4. Taylor's Township, 1913-14
ENROLLMENT BY AGE AND GRADE
AgeGradesTotal
1234567891011
61212
710111
811314
962210
102443114
117222114
1212345116
1324251216
1412442518
151122713
1612148
1722
18
19
20
21 and over
Totals5120181914521148
Normal age and under223332336 or 23.6
Over age2917151612518112 or 76.4%





5. Stantonsburg Township, 1923-24
ENROLLMENT BY AGE AND GRADE
AgeGradesTotal
1234567891011
626127
7212344
812158439
957136132
104710109141
11387811340
121254562126
13135756633
14349568338
151225436124
16133535222
17113348222
18213219
19123
20112
21 and over11
Totals726450444531252719206403
Normal age and under47392120219915964200 or 49.6
Over age252529242422161210142203 or 50.4%

6. Stantonsburg School, 1923-24
ENROLLMENT BY AGE AND GRADE
AgeGradesTotal
1234567891011
61919
7181533
8978428
94575122
1033887130
115558326
121234152119
1324545626
14336557332
151223236120
1613535219
17113348222
18213219
1922
20112
21 and over11
Totals543737353124212619206310
Normal age and under37221517168814964156 or 50.3
Over age171522181516131210142154 or 49.7%





7. Evansdale School, 1923-24
ENROLLMENT BY AGE AND GRADE
AgeGradesTotal
1234567891011
6718
73811
83811
9126110
101422211
113323314
122417
131112117
1413116
15224
16123
17
18
1911
20
21 and over
Totals18271391474193
Normal age and under101763511144 or 47.3
Over age8107696349 or 52.7%

8. Stantonsburg Township, 1913-14
ENROLLMENT BY AGE AND GRADE
AgeGradesTotal
1234567891011
629130
7135321
81154222
98582124
1057844129
1132432115
12415331219
13241443220
14334614324
15112122514
162211115114
172215
1811
1911114
2011
21 and over
Totals75364025251014153243
Normal age and under4211156934393 or 38.2
Over age3325251916710123150 or 61.8%





9. Gardner's, 1923-24
ENROLLMENT BY AGE AND GRADE
AgeGradesTotal
1234567891011
638139
720828
813258147
94872122
106210103132
11346159138
12251244229
13615887136
1424439224
15134641221
1613664121
17112521113
183213211
1911
2011
21 and over112
Totals8755395336353612444365
Normal age and under58341513127932153 or 41.8
Over age292124402428279244212 or 58.2%

10. Gardner's, 1913-14
ENROLLMENT BY AGE AND GRADE
AgeGradesTotal
1234567891011
624125
722426
8189431
9129426
108393124
117871124
1243423116
131398223
141211117
1511332616
161326
172136
18112
19134
2022
21 and over
Totals983543291320238
Normal age and under4614832275 or 33.2
Over age522135261118163 or 66.8%





11. Cross Roads, 1923-24 (Lucama and Scott's)
ENROLLMENT BY AGE AND GRADE
AgeGradesTotal
1234567891011
65050
72821352
8181521357
9131315647
107920201066
1164107104142
1234471011443
131117610610152
1412101154336
15351068436
162551332223
1731123212
1812325215
191242110
2011114
21 and over11215
Totals1277780586651342315127550
Normal age and under783639292015155454250 or 45.5
Over age49414129463619181173300 or 54.5%

12. Cross Roads, 1913-14
ENROLLMENT BY AGE AND GRADE
AgeGradesTotal
1234567891011
64747
730131
8316946
925910246
10911108139
1195712235
126749733
135765121238
14257463330
1511558522130
16152314534138
17129222422
185321331220
191111217
201214
21 and over
Totals166476460423813151074466
Normal age and under77719103511123 or 26.4
Over age8940455039381310973343 or 73.6%





13. Old Fields Township, 1923-24
ENROLLMENT BY AGE AND GRADE
AgeGradesTotal
1234567891011
6101101
772357114
83833302103
9322228142199
101819162314191
11915272416697
12388271415176
1342392081157
1419116161811678
153128151512157
16561091042147
171437669339
18113596328
192265419
201298121
21 and over61310
Totals2821441211261008357434425121,037
Normal age and under1736865393223126121422 or 40.7
Over age10976568768604537432311615 or 59.3%

14. Old Fields Township, 1913-14
ENROLLMENT BY AGE AND GRADE
AgeGradesTotal
1234567891011
659160
762668
83718863
9361811368
101925131067
1116161613162
12311162031256
135362211249
14191119887265
15251135142143
1612645131537
17363529230
18541212
191214
20123
21 and over
Totals24111491116355015205687
Normal age and under1212519132221185 or 26.9
Over age1208972103354813184502 or 73.1%





15. Lamm's, 1923-24 (Old Fields)
ENROLLMENT BY AGE AND GRADE
AgeGradesTotal
1234567891011
62222
723730
8686323
99877132
104356321
11237114229
121113410
131163213
14114713
15224
1611
17
18
19
20
21 and over
Totals683027351919198
Normal age and under4715131677105 or 53.0
Over age21151419121293 or 47.0%

16. Bullock's, 1923-24 (Old Fields)
ENROLLMENT BY AGE AND GRADE
AgeGradesTotal
1234567891011
62323
7205126
886519
910534123
1055232118
1123753121
1213234417
13136212
143216
151247
16426
171113
1811
1911
20
21 and over
Total723020252016183
Normal age and under4311976682 or 44.8
Over age291911181410101 or 55.2%





17. Sims, 1923-24 (Old Fields)
ENROLLMENT BY AGE AND GRADE
AgeGradesTotal
1234567891011
62727
7131225
81075224
95410625
106197629
1135273121
122683221
131226112
141557624
1511338
161528
171146
1811
1911
20
21 and over
Totals663734403520232
Normal age and under4019151593101 or 43.5
Over age261819252617131 or 56.5%

18. Rock Ridge, 1923-24 (Old Fields)
ENROLLMENT BY AGE AND GRADE
AgeGradesTotal
1234567891011
62929
71611128
81410933
98591124
1031075328
1126766229
12133545122
131223531127
14134511630
1521161512138
161591042132
171212669330
183596326
19265417
201298121
21 and over61310
Totals7647402626285743442512424
Normal age and under4521196107126121130 or 30.7
Over age3126212016214537432311294 or 69.3%





19. Saratoga Township, 1923-24
ENROLLMENT BY AGE AND GRADE
AgeGradesTotal
1234567891011
63030
7377145
82314340
91714122348
1015121666156
113975529
12277862234
132149532127
1433126182136
153145732227
1676521223
1711111117
1822116
1911114
20213
21 and over
Total130705554472317874415
Normal age and under67211681434312139 or 33.6
Over age63493946332013562276 or 66.4%

20. Saratoga, 1913-14
ENROLLMENT BY AGE AND GRADE
AgeGradesTotal
1234567891011
626127
713316
81512119
91347226
101135221
11537520
126555122
13434819
1412613316
15131211110
1614128
1731228
18111328
1911
201225
21 and over
Totals9428343961411226
Normal age and under39595159 or 26.1
Over age5523253461410167 or 73.9%





21. Black Creek, 1923-24
ENROLLMENT BY AGE AND GRADE
AgeGradesTotal
1234567891011
64242
741647
827205153
9158141249
106227163155
1141261994155
1218313876248
133445455232
14385633129
1512445442228
1611252451122
1711244361123
183334417
1913116
2011
21 and over
Totals141844281353924242098507
Normal age and under832619291211119332208 or 41.0
Over age58582352232813151766299 or 59.0%

22. Black Creek, 1913-14
ENROLLMENT BY AGE AND GRADE
AgeGradesTotal
1234567891011
62828
7254130
82442333
9129223
1013411129
11113274229
128373326
135176524
14324322218
1511564320
1611551114
1712341112
18111418
1911
20
21 and over
Totals13129950342994295
Normal age and under53821755292 or 31.1
Over age7821733292492203 or 68.9%





23. Spring Hill Township, 1923-24
ENROLLMENT BY AGE AND GRADE
AgeGradesTotal
1234567891011
669170
758664
833202358
9212116866
10131998251
111017201311273
125531489145
13416141111148
14239810891151
1541511410338
16133574427
1712223212
18459
1922
201124
21 and over
Totals2159866775841311814618
Normal age and under1272718191311211219 or 35.4
Over age887148584530291713399 or 64.6%

24. Spring Hill Township, 1913-14
ENROLLMENT BY AGE AND GRADE
AgeGradesTotal
1234567891011
63030
733437
81982231
914104533
10141056136
111241010137
12453103328
1374824126
14325386128
15113553119
1613256118
1711114
18145
1911
2011
21 and over
Totals13749434728264334
Normal age and under63126132399 or 29.2
Over age7437373426234235 or 70.8%





25. St. Mary's, 1923-24
ENROLLMENT BY AGE AND GRADE
AgeGradesTotal
1234567891011
64242
737441
825152345
915107739
10111056234
111012867245
12541137636
1331359526
1413537524
1544311
161247
17123
18
19
20
21 and over
Totals1496431444025353
Normal age and under791991698140 or 39.6
Over age704522283117213 or 60.4%

26. Buckhorn, 1923-24
ENROLLMENT BY AGE AND GRADE
AgeGradesTotal
1234567891011
627128
721223
88513
96119127
10294217
115127428
121211319
1313926122
141453391127
15157110327
1631174420
1722329
18459
1922
201124
21 and over
Totals663435331816311814265
Normal age and under478934321178 or 29.0
Over age192626301413291713187 or 71.0%





27. Toisnot Township, 1923-24
ENROLLMENT BY AGE AND GRADE
AgeGradesTotal
1234567891011
66868
751202174
8302321680
913151814464
1079141913567
11181617910162
12310111013451
13551210115553
14257101295353
15125251157442
1614356643335
1743744325
18132118
19111216
201113
21 and over112
Totals17084919558644436251610693
Normal age and under1194341402628101412106349 or 50.3
Over age51415055323634221364344 or 49.7%

28. Toisnot, 1913-14
ENROLLMENT BY AGE AND GRADE
AgeGradesTotal
1234567891011
63131
723225
8239234
921121144
1012816844
11141113161165
1286912136357
136126111462360
141126354123
15212374421127
161843511225
17112651117
1812216
1911
2022
21 and over
Totals1416261615833261045461
Normal age and under54111381165723120 or 26.0
Over age87514853472721322341 or 74.0%





XIV. INCREASE IN DAYS ATTENDANCE, WHITE
CHILDREN, 1913-14 AND 1923-24

1. Summary Increase in Days Attendance, White Children, 1913-14 and 1923-24
SchoolsNumber Attending 100 Days and More, 1913-14Number Attending 100 Days and More, 1923-2410 Years’ Increase Number Attending 100 DaysNumber Attending Less than 100 Days, 1913-14Number Attending Less than 100 Days, 1923-24Decrease Number
Black Creek17337320278170108
5.8%66.5%94.2%33.5%
Cross Roads134366232332184148
28.8%68.3%71.2%33.4%
Gardners2242240236123113
0.9%66.3%99.1%33.7%
Old Fields76678602611359252
11.3%65.4%88.7%34.6%
Spring Hill33533533428351
54.3%100.0%45.7%
Stantonsburg12029917912310419
49.4%74.1%50.6%25.9%
Saratoga1823221420818325
8.5%56.0%91.5%44.0%
Toisnot102441339359252107
22.1%63.7%77.9%36.3%
Taylors171651481318546
11.5%66.0%88.5%34.0%
Wilson7091,472763269378109
72.5%79.6%27.5%20.4increase
County1,1954,5673,3722,8812,121754
29.3%68.2%71.7%31.8%





2. Black Creek Township, 1913-14 and 1923-243. Cross Roads Township, 1913-14 and 1923-24
INCREASE IN DAYS IN ATTENDANCEINCREASE IN DAYS IN ATTENDANCE
Attendance1913-141923-24IncreaseAttendance1913-141923-24Increase
From 180 to 200 daysFrom 180 to 200 days
170 to 180 days170 to 180 days
160 to 170 days66160 to 170 days
150 to 160 days128128150 to 160 days237855
140 to 150 days7373140 to 150 days217453
130 to 140 days14847130 to 140 days217453
120 to 130 days73023120 to 130 days256540
110 to 120 days53328110 to 120 days215029
100 to 110 days41915100 to 110 days23252
90 to 100 days262690 to 100 days3720*17
80 to 90 days2526180 to 90 days3626*10
70 to 80 days4413*3170 to 80 days6724*43
60 to 70 days3313*2060 to 70 days5720*37
50 to 60 days3821*1750 to 60 days3922*17
Less than 50 days11271*41Less than 50 days9672*24
Enrollment295507Enrollment466550
Attending 100 days and more17337320Attending 100 days and more134366232
Attending less than 100 days278170*108Attending less than 100 days332184*148
Per cent attending less than 100 days94.233.5*60.7Per cent attending less than 100 days71.233.4*37.8

4. Gardner's Township, 1913-14 and 1923-245. Old Fields Township, 1913-14 and 1923-24
INCREASE IN DAYS IN ATTENDANCEINCREASE IN DAYS IN ATTENDANCE
Attendance1913-141923-24IncreaseAttendance1913-141923-24Increase
From 180 to 200 daysFrom 180 to 200 days
170 to 180 days170 to 180 days
160 to 170 days160 to 170 days1010
150 to 160 days132132150 to 160 days7192185
140 to 150 days4040140 to 150 days10150140
130 to 140 days2828130 to 140 days7122115
120 to 130 days2121120 to 130 days98677
110 to 120 days*1010110 to 120 days236946
100 to 110 days2119100 to 110 days204929
90 to 100 days3321*1190 to 100 days11150*61
80 to 90 days3014*1680 to 90 days8149*31
70 to 80 days2911*1870 to 80 days10238*64
60 to 70 days2813*1560 to 70 days7036*34
50 to 60 days289*1950 to 60 days5641*15
Less than 50 days8855*33Less than 50 days191145*46
Enrollment238365127Enrollment6871,037350
Attending 100 days and more2242240Attending 100 days and more76678602
Attending less than 100 days236123*113Attending less than 100 days611359*252
Per cent attending less than 100 days99.133.7*65.4Per cent attending less than 100 days88.734.6*54.1
[note]





6. Saratoga Township, 1913-147. Spring Hill Township, 1913-14 and 1923-24
INCREASE IN DAYS IN ATTENDANCEINCREASE IN DAYS IN ATTENDANCE
Attendance1913-141923-24IncreaseAttendance1913-141923-24Increase
From 180 to 200 days3*3From 180 to 200 days
170 to 180 days3*3170 to 180 days
160 to 170 days160 to 170 days
150 to 160 days16059150 to 160 days6565
140 to 150 days13433140 to 150 days6262
130 to 140 days4242130 to 140 days5757
120 to 130 days24139120 to 130 days6363
110 to 120 days32825110 to 120 days4646
100 to 110 days52722100 to 110 days4242
90 to 100 days16362090 to 100 days4832*16
80 to 90 days20341480 to 90 days5130*21
70 to 80 days1914570 to 80 days28379
60 to 70 days2419*560 to 70 days284214
50 to 60 days191950 to 60 days234320
Less than 50 days1106149Less than 50 days15699*51
Enrollment226415189Enrollment334618284
Attending 100 days and more18232214Attending 100 days and more335335
Attending less than 100 days208183*25Attending less than 100 days334283*51
Per cent attending less than 100 days91.544.0*47.5Per cent attending less than 100 days10045.754.3*

8. Stantonsburg Township, 1913-14 and 1923-249. Taylor's Township, 1913-14 and 1923-24
INCREASE IN DAYS IN ATTENDANCEINCREASE IN DAYS IN ATTENDANCE
Attendance1913-141923-24IncreaseAttendance1913-141923-24Increase
From 180 to 200 daysFrom 180 to 200 days
170 to 180 days170 to 180 days
160 to 170 days33160 to 170 days
150 to 160 days33166133150 to 160 days5454
140 to 150 days245733140 to 150 days3838
130 to 140 days1423*9130 to 140 days2222
120 to 130 days23285120 to 130 days2323
110 to 120 days158*7110 to 120 days6159
100 to 110 days11143100 to 110 days11132
90 to 100 days1826890 to 100 days1110*1
80 to 90 days913480 to 90 days1111
70 to 80 days1712*570 to 80 days2115*6
60 to 70 days710360 to 70 days104*6
50 to 60 days1510*550 to 60 days10111
Less than 50 days5733*24Less than 50 days6834*34
Enrollment243403160Enrollment148250102
Attending 100 days and more120299179Attending 100 days and more17165148
Attending less than 100 days123104*19Attending less than 100 days.13185*46
Per cent attending less than 100 days50.625.9*24.7Per cent attending less than 100 days88.534.0*54.5
[note]





10. Toisnot Township, 1913-14 and 1923-2411. Wilson Township, 1913-14 and 1923-24
INCREASE IN DAYS IN ATTENDANCEINCREASE IN DAYS IN ATTENDANCE
Attendance1913-141923-24IncreaseAttendance1913-141923-24Increase
From 180 to 200 days88From 180 to 200 days149149
170 to 180 days10111101170 to 180 days251711460
160 to 170 days156348160 to 170 days19623236
150 to 160 days206646150 to 160 days120108*12
140 to 150 days165741140 to 150 days498031
130 to 140 days95142130 to 140 days225735
120 to 130 days103121120 to 130 days264822
110 to 120 days102515110 to 120 days205434
100 to 110 days122917100 to 110 days25338
90 to 100 days6330*3390 to 100 days355823
80 to 90 days4844*480 to 90 days45494
70 to 80 days5434*2070 to 80 days36448
60 to 70 days4319*2460 to 70 days223715
50 to 60 days4126*1550 to 60 days294213
Less than 50 days11099*11Less than 50 days102148*46
Enrollment461693232Enrollment9781,850872
Attending 100 days and more102441339Attending 100 days and more7091,472763
Attending less than 100 days359252*107Attending less than 100 days269378109
Per cent attending less than 100 days77.936.3*41.6Per cent attending less than 100 days27.520.4*7.1
[note]





XV. GRADE ENROLLMENT AND OVER-AGE PUPILS,
COLORED SCHOOLS, 1923-24

1. Wilson County Colored Schools, 1923-24
ENROLLMENT BY AGE AND GRADE
AgeGradesTotal
1234567891011
63242326
72968304
82903291332
924362284337
101998537123336
1110888541981278
1211266553494280
1353547652211257
1442364342331141212
151324213842221161
1666203529326134
17324191320970
1841148835
1931236520
20125311
21 and over
Totals1,6894683532691671093713,093
Normal age62042371711511734 or 23.7
Over age1,069426316252156104362,359 or 76.3%





2. Town of Wilson Colored Schools, 1923-24
ENROLLMENT BY AGE AND GRADE
AgeGradesTotal
1234567891011
6131131
710961116
8111272140
976351221126
105635241252134
114137318811127
1220322910441100
13132421151363196
149141314223141292
15247617141044270
1613481022131
17212517451331
181791321
19131319
2011
21 and over
Totals568218144697940562317471,225
Normal age24033151414752633342 or 27.9
Over age32818512955653351211114883 or 72.1%

3. Lucama Colored School, 1923-24
ENROLLMENT BY AGE AND GRADE
AgeGradesTotal
1234567891011
62525
72121
811112
9122115
1093113
1159115
12153211
1324118
141233211
1511518
1643119
1714117
182125
19213
20
21 and over
Totals87281120944163
Normal age461148 or 29.4
Over age41271020944115 or 70.6%





4. Sharpsburg Colored School, 1923-24
ENROLLMENT BY AGE AND GRADE
AgeGradesTotal
1234567891011
61010
7151
88210
933
10729
1123117
12372113
131214
143238
1511
16
17
18
19
20
21 and over
Totals491675481
Normal age25328 or 34.5
Over age241375453 or 65.5%

5. Elm City Colored School, 1923-24
ENROLLMENT BY AGE AND GRADE
AgeGradesTotal
1234567891011
61414
730333
8191332
9954220
1021510541
11124513227
126462119
1345634224
14351034328
1521451215
16221510
1711
18
19
20
21 and over
Totals1204547238129264
Normal age4416473377 or 29.1
Over age76294316599187 or 70.9%





XVI. SCHOLARSHIP OF WHITE TEACHERS

1. Summary and Comparison, 1923-24 and 1924-25
Classes of Certificates1923-241924-25Gain
1. High School A4661
2. Grammar Grade A1110
3. Primary A76
Total A647713
4. High School B67
5. Grammar Grade B2029
6. Primary B2527
Total B516312
7. High School C910
8. Grammar Grade C1711
9. Primary C1618
Total C4239*3
10. Elementary A2020
11. Elementary B2718
12. Below Elementary B21
Total4939*10
Grand total20621812
Average scholarship:
1. Country605.0650.045.0
2. Wilson730.9731.70.8
[note]
NOTE.—In 1923-24, the scholarship of teachers outside Wilson town ranked fourth in North Carolina. The teachers of Wilson town ranked seventh in scholarship among the 24 towns having 40 or more teachers. It is possible to attain only a score of 800.





2. Schools and Scholarship of Teachers, 1924-25
SchoolsA CertificatesB CertificatesC CertificatesElementaryTotal TeachersScholarship Score
H. S.Gr. Gr.PrimaryH. S.Gr. Gr.PrimaryH. S.Gr. Gr.PrimaryABLower
I. Country:
1. Gardners312211212633.3
2. New Hope421310640.0
3. Buckhorn311117642.8
4. St. Marys1211229633.3
5. Stantonsburg51131213707.6
6. Evansdale2114700.0
7. Rock Ridge6121122116681.3
8. Bullocks3126600.0
9. Lamms21216616.6
10. Sims11136516.6
11. Black Creek634111117700.0
12. Saratoga113112211618.1
13. Elm City6112121115686.6
14. Town Creek314475.0
15. Sharpsburg1124600.0
16. Lucama53212114678.5
17. Scotts11114625.0
Total country422352217691320181158650.0
II. Wilson Town:
18. High School152320760.0
19. Maplewood6451319710.5
20. Kenan Street42121212725.0
21. Winstead212319722.2
Total Wilson1983271042560731.7
Total county611067292710111820181218672.5
Total number each class77633939218
Percentage35%29%18%18%100%





XVII. ELEMENTARY DAILY PROGRAMS OF SCHOOL
WORK

1. PROGRAM FIRST GRADE
PeriodDailyWeeklySubject
9:00- 9:1515 minutes75 minutesReligion (Bible)
9:15-10:3580 minutes400 minutesReading—4 Classes
10:35-10:5015 minutes*75 minutes*Recess*
10:50-11:3040 minutes200 minutesPhonics and Spelling
11:30-12:1040 minutes200 minutesWriting—2 Classes
12:10-12:4030 minutes*150 minutes*Lunch* [Classes
12:40- 1:1030 minutes150 minutesHand Work and Drawing—2
1:10- 1:5040 minutes200 minutesLanguage—2 Classes
1:50- 2:2030 minutes150 minutesArithmetic—2 Classes
2:20- 2:3010 minutes*50 minutes*Recess*
2:30- 3:1040 minutes200 minutesIndividual Help
3:10- 3:3020 minutes100 minutesHealth or Music
3:30- 3:5020 minutes100 minutesSupervised Play (Phys. Ed.)
Teaching Time355 minutes1,775 minutes

The period “Individual Help” is for the assignment and study of lessons, helping backward pupils, instruction in manners, general work, etc. Please see that you supervise all the play of all your pupils; that you look out for physical defects and try your best to remedy them. The school nurse and the health officer can help you. The Sunday school and church can greatly aid you to promote moral health.

2. PROGRAM SECOND GRADE
PeriodDailyWeeklySubject
9:00- 9:1515 minutes75 minutesReligion (Bible)
9:15-10:3580 minutes400 minutesReading—4 Classes
10:35-10:5015 minutes*75 minutes*Recess*
10:50-11:3040 minutes200 minutesPhonics and Spelling
11:30-12:1040 minutes200 minutesWriting—2 Classes
12:10-12:4030 minutes*150 minutes*Lunch* [Classes
12:40- 1:1030 minutes150 minutesHand Work and Drawing—2
1:10- 1:5040 minutes200 minutesLanguage—2 Classes
1:50- 2:2030 minutes150 minutesArithmetic—2 Classes
2:20- 2:3010 minutes*50 minutes*Recess*
2:30- 3:1040 minutes200 minutesIndividual Help
3:10- 3:3020 minutes100 minutesHealth or Music
3:30- 3:5020 minutes100 minutesSupervised Play (Phys. Ed.)
Teaching Time355 minutes1,775 minutes

The period “Individual Help” is for the assignment and study of lessons, helping backward pupils, instruction in manners, general work, etc. Please see that you supervise all the play of your pupils; that you look out for physical defects as well as moral defects, and try your best to remedy them.

[note]



The school nurse and the health officer can help you. The Sunday school and church can greatly aid you to promote moral health.

3. PROGRAM THIRD GRADE
PeriodDailyWeeklySubject
9:00- 9:1515 minutes75 minutesReligion (Bible)
9:15-10:1560 minutes300 minutesReading—2 or 3 Classes
10:15-10:3520 minutes100 minutesPhonics and Spelling
10:35-10:5015 minutes*75 minutes*Recess*
10:50-11:1020 minutes100 minutesGeography—1 Class
11:10-11:5040 minutes200 minutesWriting—2 Classes
11:50-12:1020 minutes100 minutesHand Work and Drawing—1 [Class
12:10-12:4030 minutes*150 minutes*Lunch*
12:40- 1:2040 minutes200 minutesLanguage—2 Classes
1:20- 2:2060 minutes300 minutesArithmetic—2 Classes
2:20- 2:3010 minutes*50 minutes*Recess*
2:30- 3:1040 minutes200 minutesIndividual Help
3:10- 3:3020 minutes100 minutesHealth or Music
3:30- 3:5020 minutes100 minutesSupervised Play (Phys. Ed.)
Teaching Time355 minutes1,775 minutes

The period “Individual Help” is for the assignment of lessons, helping backward pupils, instruction in manners, general work, study of lessons, etc. Please see that you supervise all the play of your pupils; that you look out for physical defects, and try your best to remedy them. The school nurse and the health officer can help you. The Sunday school and church can greatly aid you to promote moral health.

4. PROGRAM FOURTH GRADE
PeriodDailyWeeklySubject
9:00- 9:1515 minutes75 minutesReligion (Bible)
9:15-10:1560 minutes300 minutesReading—2 Classes
10:15-10:3520 minutes100 minutesPhonics and Spelling
10:35-10:5015 minutes*75 minutes*Recess*
10:50-11:2030 minutes150 minutesGeography or History
11:20-11:5030 minutes150 minutesWriting—2 Classes
11:50-12:1020 minutes100 minutesHand Work and Drawing
12:10-12:4030 minutes*150 minutes*Lunch*
12:40- 1:2040 minutes200 minutesLanguage
1:20- 2:2060 minutes300 minutesArithmetic
2:20- 2:3010 minutes*50 minutes*Recess*
2:30- 2:5020 minutes100 minutesHealth or Music
2:50- 3:3040 minutes200 minutesIndividual Help
3:30- 3:5020 minutes100 minutesSupervised Play (Phys. Ed.)
Teaching Time355 minutes1,775 minutes

The period “Individual Help” is for the assignment of lessons, helping backward pupils, instruction in manners, general work, study of lessons, etc. Please see that you supervise all the play of your pupils; that you look out for physical defects, as well as moral defects, and try your best to remedy them. The school nurse and the health officer can help you. The Sunday school and the church can greatly aid you to promote moral health.

[note]



5. PROGRAM FIFTH GRADE
PeriodDailyWeeklySubject
9:00- 9:1515 minutes75 minutesReligion (Bible)
9:15-10:0550 minutes250 minutesReading
10:05-10:3530 minutes150 minutesSpelling or Hand Work
10:35-10:5015 minutes*75 minutes*Recess*
10:50-11:2535 minutes175 minutesGeography or History
11:25-12:1045 minutes225 minutesDrawing or Writing
12:10-12:4030 minutes*150 minutes*Lunch*
12:40- 1:2040 minutes175 minutesLanguage
1:20- 2:2060 minutes300 minutesArithmetic
2:20- 2:3010 minutes*50 minutes*Recess*
2:30- 2:5020 minutes100 minutesHealth or Music
2:50- 3:3040 minutes200 minutesIndividual Help
3:30- 3:5020 minutes100 minutesSupervised Play (Phys. Ed.)
Teaching Time355 minutes1,775 minutes

The period “Individual Help” is for the assignment of lessons, helping backward pupils, instruction in manners, general work, study of lessons, etc. The period for drawing and writing may be arranged by the teachers so as to promote the best teaching of each subject. Please see that you supervise all the play of your pupils; that you look out for physical as well as moral defects, and try to remedy them. The school nurse and health officer can help you. The Sunday school and church can greatly aid you to promote moral health.

6. PROGRAM SIXTH GRADE
PeriodDailyWeeklySubject
9:00- 9:1515 minutes75 minutesReligion (Bible)
9:15- 9:5040 minutes200 minutesReading
9:50-10:3540 minutes200 minutesLanguage
10:35-10:5015 minutes*75 minutes*Recess*
10:50-11:3545 minutes225 minutesGeography or History
11:35-12:1040 minutes200 minutesDrawing or Writing
12:10-12:4030 minutes*150 minutes*Lunch*
12:40- 1:3050 minutes250 minutesArithmetic
1:30- 2:2050 minutes250 minutesIndividual Help
2:20- 2:3010 minutes*50 minutes*Recess*
2:30- 3:0030 minutes150 minutesHealth or Music
3:00- 3:3030 minutes150 minutesSpelling or Hand Work
3:30- 3:5020 minutes100 minutesSupervised Play (Phys. Ed.)
Teaching Time355 minutes1,775 minutes

The period “Individual Help” is for the assignment of lessons, helping backward pupils, instruction in manners, general work, study of lessons, etc. The period for drawing and writing may be arranged by the teacher so as to promote the best teaching of each subject. Please see that you supervise all the play of your pupils; that you look out for the physical as well as the moral defects of your pupils, and try to remedy them. The school nurse and the health officer can aid you. The Sunday school and the church can aid you to promote moral health.

[note]



XVIII. SUGGESTIONS AND DIRECTIONS FOR PRINCIPALS
AND TEACHERS, 1924-25

It is very necessary that all principals and teachers observe the following directions, which should be carefully read and considered at the first teachers’ meeting, held on Saturday before the opening day of the schools:

1. INSTRUCTIONS ABOUT FINANCIAL MATTERS

1. The salaries of the truck drivers fixed by the Board of Education is as follows: For one short route, $5; for two short routes, $7.50; for one long route, $7.50; for two long routes, $10.

2. The room rent fixed for teachers’ homes by the Board of Education is as follows: $6 for Black Creek and Gardner's; $5 for Stantonsburg, Saratoga, St. Mary's, Buckhorn, Sims, Bullock's. Lamm's, New Hope, and Rock Ridge. Principals will collect the rent each month and turn it over to the superintendent of schools within ten days after the close of each school month.

3. The checks for teachers’ salaries and orders for other school expenses will be made out by principals as follows: For Toisnot Township, P. T. Fugate, Elm City; for Gardner's, J. B. Eagles, R. 5, Wilson; for Stantonsburg, J. T. Graham, Stantonsburg; for Saratoga, R. D. Gray, R. 2, Stantonsburg; for Black Creek, F. E. Howard, Black Creek; for Cross Roads, John A. Moore, Lucama; for Spring Hill, Paul Ricks, R. 3, Kenly; for Old Fields, George A. Short, R. 2, Wilson; for Taylor's, Miss Eliza Parker, R. 1, Wilson.

4. The above principals will make three pay-roll sheets: one for salaries of teachers; one for truck drivers and janitors; one for all other expenses.

N. B. Separate bills and order for supplies for the light plants must be submitted, as this must be kept as a separate account. A bill must accompany every order.

5. The principals at Evansdale, St. Mary's, Town Creek, Scott's, Sims, Bullock's, and Lamm's will submit their reports by Saturday noon after the close of the school month to the proper principals in order that checks and orders may be made out promptly. The principals who attend to the making out of checks and orders will send them in to the superintendent of schools, with proper pay-rolls, bills, etc., by Wednesday night after the close of the school month, in order that the teachers’ checks may be approved and proper county checks written for the orders sent in. The office of the superintendent of schools will then undertake to have all checks ready and in the hands of the proper principals by Saturday morning after the close of the current school month.

If the principals will carry out the above instructions, they will greatly facilitate the business side of the conduct of the schools. This office cannot be prompt, unless you act promptly.

2. SOME GENERAL SUGGESTIONS FOR THE CARE OF SCHOOL
PROPERTY AND GROUNDS

1. Let us try during this year to get all the school grounds beautified—get some grass on the front yards, some trees and shrubbery planted where they should be planted and the playgrounds put in proper shape.

2. Then let us try to get enough interest aroused during the year to enable us to take care of the grounds, light plants, etc., during the vacation. The interest of the committee and other citizens, the interest of the women and children of the community can be enlisted.





3. At your first teachers’ meeting plan to take up and carry on a program this year to put some good pictures on the walls of the building.

4. Principals should see that the janitor closes and locks the building at the end of each day; see that all toilet fixtures and other fixtures are securely closed to conserve the water pressure, thus saving needless expense of pumping water; see that no lights are turned on to burn during the night, etc.

5. Principals will remind teachers not to permit curtains to be drawn down over open windows, to be lashed by the wind or wet by rain. The children ought not to be permitted to adjust curtains and windows, except at the direction of the teacher or the principal.

6. Principals and teachers should train all pupils to clean their shoes before entering the building. The children must be taught this habit of cleanliness; one or two injunctions are not enough to form this habit. It will take the constant attention of teachers for a considerable time.

7. Principals and teachers must see to it that children do not litter up the rooms, the halls, and the grounds with waste paper. It is the sorriest kind of attitude to assume that some one else will clean up the dirt and litter due to your thoughtlessness. Let us instill, then, by constant teaching habits of neatness and cleanliness.

8. It is not enough that children be taught to keep the grounds and the building clean. We must teach them to keep their bodies and clothes clean by the use of plenty of water and soap. Let teachers and principals have private conferences with all children who come to school without proper attention to cleanliness. A few words kindly spoken in private will usually result in greater attention to cleanliness. Then, teachers should see that children do not handle their books with soiled hands. We have made provision in every building for washing hands.

9. The appearance of the children's books is a good indication of the efficiency of a teacher. Principals and teachers can well afford to teach all pupils good habits in the care of books and other tools of learning. Torn and soiled books are unsightly and detract from the appearance of the schoolroom. Books cost much money and their proper care is a matter of thrift which no school can safely neglect to teach.

10. Oftentimes at the end of the school year many books can be found left in the desks and lying around the building. It is an easy matter to have children take all their books home at the end of the term or when they withdraw from school. This is another matter of cleanliness and thrift which sadly needs attention by many schools. Let us see that we do not fail in this particular.

11. Principals and teachers must exercise constant care to see that children do not leave hats, coats, overshoes, umbrellas, and other property in the school building over night. And there should be constant care to see that all kinds of things do not collect in the school rooms, in the halls, and in the closets, and thus become sources of filth and ugliness. We badly need a course in teaching children and teachers to see dirt and will its removal!

12. I shall confidently expect every principal and every teacher to do his best to carry out the above suggestions. It is a tragedy to spend time teaching hygiene out of a book, amid filthy and dirty surroundings, to boys and girls who sadly need a bath and who have not learned to keep themselves clean and their surroundings clean.

3. SOME DEFINITE RULES FOR THE CARE OF THE BUILDING AND
CONDUCT OF PUPILS

a. Every pupil and every teacher shall go to his own room on arrival at the school building in the morning and begin the day's work.





(This means to do away with playing around the building before school hours, with loitering in the halls and in the toilets, visiting around the building, etc., etc. It simply means what it says. This is the orderly, common sense, business-like thing to do. Teachers and pupils can thus use the best part of the day to do something worth while, rather than to aid in messing up the buildings and the toilets, as well as promoting general noise making and disorder. The halls and the schoolrooms are not for play, or for noise, or for general disorder, but for work and training in habits of good order and cleanliness.)

b. The principal and the teachers will work out a schedule for the use of the fountains and the toilets, either before or after recess periods, also immediately before and immediately after school, under the supervision of a teacher and the janitor or the supervision of two or more teachers. (This means, for example, that you could water and send all first-grade pupils who need to go to the toilets just before school, just before recesses, and last thing in afternoon. No other than first graders are in the toilets or getting water at the times scheduled for first graders to get water and to go to the toilets. In short, each group or grade will use the toilets and the fountains at certain definite times during the day. All who must use the toilets during school hours should secure permission from the principal, so that he may know who and how many pupils are out of the rooms at any one time. We must abolish the indiscriminate excusing of pupils from their rooms during school hours. By making and enforcing such a rule, you will eliminate the necessity of the constant stream of children going to the toilets all during school hours. Rarely will a pupil need to be excused during the time he should be studying or reciting his lessons. Such a rule and plan will enable you to supervise the conduct of all pupils in the toilets and in other parts of the building. Only by some such plan can you hope to keep your building and the toilets clean and wholesome. Of course, you will not permit more children to go to the toilets at one time than the capacity of the toilets.)

c. No pupil should be permitted to enter the building during any recess period. (If the weather is inclement, do not send pupils out of doors at recess periods. But when pupils are sent out at recess time they should stay out. Running in and out of the building, playing up and down the halls, and the like are not the marks of an orderly school. You can never keep your building or the toilets clean as long as you do not make the rule above suggested. Above all, do not dismiss pupils in bad weather to collect in the halls and to go indiscriminately to the toilets, etc., etc. But use the plan suggested above.)

d. Every pupil shall clean his shoes on entering the school building. (Teachers could practice this rule themselves and get their pupils to practice it, much to the promotion of the cleanliness and better appearance of our school buildings. We can't get pupils to respect a place in which this rule is not enforced.)

e. On rainy days and on other days, when children cannot use the playground, the recess time should be shortened. (But it should never be understood that the children are to be dismissed on such days to run up and down the halls, and the like. If you have in force the rule about going to the toilets, then your children will eat their lunch in their rooms on bad days where no lunch room is provided, and not leave their own rooms. On such days, of course, the windows of the schoolrooms should be raised and some physical exercises, led by the teacher, should be a part of all recess periods.)

f. Children who wait on a truck after school should be left in direct charge of a teacher, either in a schoolroom or on the playgrounds. (Such pupils should be lined up in proper order and put on the truck. They should never be permitted to run in disorder to get on the truck. We must have no more accidents due to failure in this respect on the part of principal and teachers.)





g. Children must not be left at recess periods in the rooms or on the grounds without the supervision of some teacher. (The practice in vogue in some schools of all teachers leaving the building and the grounds at lunch time should be changed. A schedule of yard and house duty for teachers should be made out by the principal and his teachers, so that there may be oversight of pupils at all recess times.)

4. SUGGESTIONS FOR KEEPING SCHOOL RECORDS

1. Registers:

a. The principal should see that each register sheet is properly made out; that every detail is entered properly. He must take time to check every page of every register. This means to see:

(a) That the pupil's real name is properly entered; not his nickname or pet name, etc.

(b) That the work done this year is entered fully and accurately as to textbooks and pages covered.

(c) That all conditions are properly recorded, which means to indicate exactly what must yet be done to gain promotion.

(d) That the summary sheet is made out accurately, both as to children 7-14 and all pupils.

b. See that promotions during the year are properly accounted for in your records. Duplicate enrollment is to be avoided and a register sheet for work done in each grade is to be filed. Each pupil promoted during the year will have two register sheets—one for work done and time spent in the lower grade and one for work done and time spent in the higher grade.

c. Promotions from sixth grade must be very carefully done. Be sure all sixth-grade pupils are really prepared for Junior High School work before promotion.

d. Principals should see at the end of the first month that the register is being kept as indicated on front cover page.

2. Permanent Record Envelopes:

a. After the principal checks each register at the end of the year, have teachers tear out register sheets and place them in the permanent record envelopes and properly fill out the face of those envelopes.

b. See that you file together all active permanent record envelopes by grades, so that we shall have these for the opening of school next fall in usable form.

c. See that you file in alphabetical order all permanent inactive records, so that they can be consulted easily. Do not file active and inactive records together.

3. The School Census:

a. See that you have a census card for all persons 6-21 living in your township or district at the end of the school year. This list includes pupils away at other schools, married persons under 21, etc.

b. Separate all inactive census cards from the active cards. Make up a summary card for each township.

c. Have some pupils make a copy of all your additional active census cards for the Wilson office.

d. Turn into the Wilson office all inactive census cards or make duplicates and turn in the duplicates; keep an active census file in your office at all times. The inactive file will be in the Wilson office. You may keep a duplicate inactive file in your office if you desire to do so.





e. Please remember to do the following things in keeping your census:

(a) Fill out this year a new census card for every pupil not in your school last year.

(b) The pupils can tell you or their teachers of every person not in school between the ages of 6-21. They can and will gladly help you to get a census card filled out for all such persons. Remember that marriage does not increase or diminish the age of anybody. If a married person is not over 21, he or she is to be in your school census. In carrying out this plan, it will be necessary that principals, teachers, and pupils have this census matter constantly in mind. This plan will not work, if it is delayed till the last few weeks of the school term.

(c) The pupils can tell you of the death of any person 6-21, or tell you to what school in the county pupils move, so that you may make proper entry on such persons’ census cards. If a child moves out of this county, find out to what county he goes, so that I may notify the proper superintendent in order that such children may be looked after and not escape the compulsory law, if they are subject to the same. Principals should send the census cards of all persons who die or remove to another district or out of this county to the county superintendent of schools at once, indicating on each card the proper facts. Only in this way will we be able to keep our census usable and up-to-date. The children who are going to move will gladly inform teachers of all the facts, if teachers will only take a bit of trouble to find out. But if you wait till the end of the school year, the facts cannot be had oftentimes.

(d) In townships in which more than one school is situated, there must be coöperation between each principal. This coöperation should consist principally in dividing the township so that each principal may know for what part of the township he is to be held responsible. If the children of a part of one township attend school in another township, the census cards of all such section and pupils should be filed and kept by the school such pupils attend.

(e) Sometimes a child becomes six years old during the school term and does not enter school. All such children must be listed in the census of the district as soon as practicable after their sixth birthday.

(f) Do not fail to make out a withdrawal card for every pupil who leaves school permanently, or who moves to another school, or who moves out of the county. And do not fail to send promptly those withdrawal cards to the Wilson office. Only by the prompt attention of principal and teachers in reporting the withdrawals of pupils will we be able to secure the proper enforcement of the school attendance laws.

N. B. Especial care must be taken that your age records are consistent this year with last year. You should carefully check your census and other records to find any variations as to the ages of pupils given this year with previous years. You must eliminate all such variations and not turn in the census card of any pupil with his age on the census card one thing and another on the enrollment card, etc.





4. Enrollment Cards:

a. Turn into the Wilson office a duplicate enrollment card for each pupil who enters your school this year, not later than 15 days after enrollment.

b. This will furnish us a means of checking enrollment against the census, as well as to enable us to eliminate duplicate enrollment from our final yearly enrollment figures.

5. Property Inventory:

a. Add items to inventory of school property in teachers’ homes, schoolrooms, etc., added this year.

b. Use the inventory forms on file in your office which contain the inventory of all property at the end of last year. Do not duplicate these; only add new items.

6. Records of Teachers:

a. The principal should have a complete record of all his teachers.

b. This record should include:

(1) Name and home address.

(2) Kind of certificate, class, date of expiration.

(3) Grade or subjects taught this year.

(4) Experience (a) in this school; (b) in other schools.

(5) Education and professional training.

(6) Salary this year.

c. Principals will find the application blank a convenient form for keeping the above information as to teachers.

7. Records—truck drivers and truck routes, with daily schedules:

a. The principal's office should have a record of the names of the truck drivers and their salaries.

b. The principal's office should also have a record of the different truck routes and the daily schedule of each truck.

5. SUGGESTIONS AS TO JANITORS, TRUCKS, ETC.

a. Each principal should have a clear understanding with the janitor as to his duties. He should not tolerate teachers or pupils giving orders to the janitor. All orders to the janitor must be given by the principal in person or in writing, and by no one else. Do not send word to the janitor by pupils, requesting him to do something. Send for him and tell him yourself what you wish done.

b. See that the janitor stays in the boys’ toilet at least a part of every recess period, until your school is well organized. Some woman teacher should also remain in the girls toilet a part of every recess until your school is in good order.

c. It would be well to appoint a house committee of boys and girls to see that good order is kept in the toilets and around the grounds, and the building; that no damage is done to the building or to any of the property of the school.

d. You should have frequent meetings with your truck drivers. You should by all means work out at once for each driver a daily schedule, which should be reduced to writing, the principal keeping a copy and the driver a copy. This schedule should indicate the time the driver is to leave home and the time he is to arrive at school, as well as the time he is expected to arrive at important points on the route, both on the way to school and on the way home. In doing this you will need the constant help of your school committee, who know all the roads of the district.





e. The route each driver makes should be entered in a book which you should keep for that purpose, as well as to enter each driver's daily schedule. All changes in routes and schedules should be made only after consultation with the chairman or some member of the committee. As soon as possible, all such changes should be reported to the full committee for final approval.

f. You must not fail to insist on children walking who live within one and one-half miles of the school. And do not permit a truck route to be established over a bad road. Children must expect to walk out to convenient places to meet the trucks, rather than to have the trucks go to every child's home.

g. You should constantly warn drivers to stop at railroad crossings, not to drive faster than 12 miles an hour, not to use the trucks for any purpose except to carry children to and from school, and to report any misconduct on the trucks. Drivers must not smoke or use bad language, nor must they permit the pupils to do so. If a driver smokes or uses bad language, or uses his truck for improper purposes, or permits such violations of the truck rules, or permits pupils to fight to and from school, or drives too fast, you must dismiss him at once. We must not tolerate any of these things. Let your drivers understand that you will dismiss them, not for the second or third such offense, but for the very first offense.

h. The principal must constantly warn the janitor not to let the ashes collect in the ash box of the boiler or to permit litter in and around the boiler room.

6. SUGGESTIONS AS TO THE CONDUCT OF TEACHERS’ HOMES

a. At the first teachers’ meeting on Saturday before school begins, make some good and necessary rules for the conduct of the teachers’ home. These rules should provide for a rising hour, a going to bed hour, the hours for meals, the times visitors may be received in the home, the conditions under which teachers may leave the home at night or day in the company of young men, etc. If teachers ride around at night with men without chaperones, if they receive visitors all during the week, if they keep late hours, if they hold dances and card parties in the home, or attend such parties elsewhere, you may expect adverse criticism. The home should be conducted as a good, decent home ought to be conducted. Due regard must be paid to public opinion which usually condemns card playing and dancing by teachers. Your home should be a model home.

b. I suggest that the going to bed hour be not later than 10:30 p. m., and that Saturdays and Sundays are often enough to have men callers in the home. If we have any teachers who refuse to coöperate with the principal in making and observing proper rules for the good conduct of the home and the principal fails to report them to me at once, then I shall consider that the principal has failed to perform the most important duty our school system and good order impose on him. Frankly I shall do my utmost to rid the school system of such offending teachers, and also of principals who will wink at or condone misconduct because they have not the moral courage to stand up for the practice of good conduct and of high ideals on the part of those who teach the children of the future. We simply can't afford to stand for anything which will bring disrepute on the homes which ought to be models for the future home makers of the county.

7. SUGGESTIONS AS TO THE CONDUCT OF PUPILS

Principals and teachers can destroy their usefulness in a very short time by permitting the children to do as they please. Here are some things which ought not to be tolerated in any school:

a. Vile and filthy language.

b. Fighting and disorder on the grounds or on the way to and from school.





c. Failure to have all pupils go quietly to their rooms on arrival in the morning.

d. Failure to have pupils go out of and come into the building in good order.

e. Dirty and filthy toilet rooms and a dirty schoolhouse and dirty pupils.

f. Ill-kept school grounds.

g. Teachers falling in love with pupils.

h. Permitting a few disorderly and immoral boys who will not reform to remain in school.

i. Running in and out of the building at recess periods.

j. Loud and noisy conduct in the halls during class changes and while going in and out of the building.

k. Failure to demand obedience at all times and failure to secure willing cooperation from the pupils in establishing an orderly school community.

l. Failure to maintain high standards of scholarship.

8. OTHER REGULATIONS

(1) Every teacher must make an earnest effort to keep well and physically fit for work each day. No substitute teacher can be employed, except on the approval of the principal. All substitute teachers’ employment and the number of days employed and the names of the teachers for whom employed must be reported promptly to the superintendent of schools.

(2) Substitute teachers must be paid by those regular teachers for whom they do substitute work, not to exceed two-thirds of the regular teacher's daily salary.

(3) Teachers will not be excused from school duty for any cause, except for personal illness or serious illness or death in the teacher's immediate family.

(4) All teachers must follow a daily program of work which shall never be less than six hours per day. Daily programs suited for each grade and approved by the superintendent of schools shall be followed by all teachers.

(5) Variation from the daily program will not be tolerated, except such variation has the approval of the principal. Our schools must do honest and efficient work. They cannot do that kind of work, if teachers do not strictly adhere to a daily schedule which provides a time and a place for all subjects.

(6) Principals must not give permission for teachers to vary the daily program of school work, except in rare instances. All outside matters which demand such variation should first have the approval of the superintendent of schools.

(7) Each principal should make out a daily schedule of his activities. A place on that schedule must be assigned to the supervision of the classroom teachers’ work. This daily schedule should be sent to the superintendent of schools for his approval and suggestions.

(8) All teachers are expected to coöperate to increase the number of books in the school library, to coöperate to secure current professional periodicals for their own use and other periodicals for the use of their pupils, and to coöperate to the end that all our schools be placed as soon as possible on the North Carolina list of standard high or standard elementary schools.

(9) We shall expect every teacher heartily to coöperate with her principal and with the superintendent of schools to improve the efficiency of the teaching done in every school.

(10) You will observe the following rules as to first-grade pupils:

a. Children who will become six years old by November 1st will be admitted to first grade at the beginning of the school term.

b. All pupils who intend to enter the first grade this school year must do so during the first two weeks of the fall term.





c. After the first two weeks of the fall term have passed no more first-grade pupils will be admitted this year, unless such pupils can enter a class or a section of the grade already formed.

d. Pupils who enter the first grade at the fall term opening must attend with such regularity as to keep up with the class or section to which they are assigned. If pupils fall behind their class or section, due to inattendance, then they are to be excluded from school for the remainder of the year. No new class or classes are to be formed for such delinquent children.

e. It is the intent and purpose of this rule to enable teachers to organize their first-grade classes during the first two weeks of the school term, and then to keep those classes so organized for the year as will enable teachers to do effective first-grade work.

N. B. Please keep this copy of suggestions and regulations for reference. We shall expect you to make an honest effort to carry out all these suggestions.

9. WILSON COUNTY FORMS

1. Application to Teach.

2. Teacher's Contract.

3. Inquiry Blank (qualifications of teachers).

4. Principal's Truck Report.

5. Truck Driver's Report.

6. Teacher's Monthly Report.

7. Elementary School Register.

8. North Carolina High School Register.

9. Supplies Used.

10. Truck Supervisor's Report.

11. Unsatisfactory Card.

12. Conduct Card.

13. Pupil's Report Card.

14. Enrollment Card.

15. Withdrawal Card.

16. Individual Census Card.

17. Yearly Promotion Card.

18. Elementary Book List.

19. High School Book List.

20. Principal's Summary of Attendance.

21. Envelop for Individual Pupil's Record.

22. Inventory School Property.

23. Inventory Property Teachers’ Home.

24. High School Schedule Card.

25. High School Pupil's Information Card.

26. Pay-roll Blanks.

27. Orders Teacher's Salary (Books).

28. Orders District Expense (Books).





XIX. WILSON COUNTY AND CITY TEACHERS, 1924-25*

NameHome AddressTeaching Address
1. WILSON HIGH SCHOOL, Wilson, N. C.
J. Shepard BryanWilsonWilson
Rennie PeelClarksville, Va.407 Kenan
Mrs. C. L. CoonWilson109 Rountree
Louise MayesPortsmouth, Va.113 Rountree
Merle HendricksPickens, S. C.107 N. Pine
Eulalie CoxWilsonPark Ave.
Eva LucasLucamaLucama
Ruth BrownLaurens, S. C.110 W. Nash
Mrs. C. L. BlackburnWilson408 Hill
Leah TownsendFlorence, S. C.Vance and Bragg
Roger McGirtMaxton301 W. Nash
Bernice WhiteWinston311 W. Vance
Martha W. PowellTarboro113 Rountree
Grace LucasLucamaLucama
Elizabeth RogersWilsonWilson
Joseph T. UnderwoodSmithfield, Va.Anderson St.
Helen WhelchelDouglas, Ga.107 N. Pine
Eleanor D. RhoadsOakville, Ky.113 Rountree
L. H. RockhillLebanon, Ohio301 W. Nash
Effie A. HiltBattle Creek, Mich.Kenan and Bruton
2. MAPLEWOOD SCHOOL, WILSON, N. C.
Beulah KeelFarmville410 Vance
Ruby LacyCharlottesville, Va.300 W. Gold
Ella DoswellNew Canton, Va.103 N. Rountree
Ruth LowderRutherford College300 W. Gold
Eula M. EdgertonWilson1011 W. Kenan
Eunice VauseMount Olive300 W. Gold
Eva RoyallWilson305 W. Vance
Carolyn MercerWilson104 N. Pine
Nell PappendickElizabeth City300 W. Gold
Annie L. CarterHalifax, Va.300 W. Gold
Mrs. Amy MayoWilson605 W. Lee
Irvie FrazierDurham311 Vance
Margaret HearneWilson305 W. Vance
Kathleen VaughnAhoskie311 W. Vance
Julia CornellGeorgetown, S. C.311 W. Vance
Florence SkillmanWarrenton300 W. Gold
Barta WorrellRichmond, Va.300 W. Gold
Lorrie M. WalkerBedford, Va.107 N. Pine
Irma CarrawayWilson207 N. Pine
3. KENAN STREET SCHOOL, WILSON, N. C.
Edwina LovelaceWilson105 S. Pine
Blanche WellsElm City108 N. Pine
Julia VannWoodland309 W. Vance
Martha Stevens RobertsWilson305 W. Green
Edla McKenzieMarshallville, Ga.110 W. Nash
Lizzie L. WaldenSoperton, Ga.110 W. Nash
Bessie BoylstonAllendale, S. C.110 W. Nash
Helen ButlerGuide203 W. Nash
Marie BowieHartwell, Ga.203 W. Nash
Ethel BynumFarmville110 W. Nash
Flora Christine McNairHartsville, S. C.110 W. Nash
Ruth AlfordWilson1004 W. Lee
[note]





NameHome AddressTeaching Address
4. WINSTEAD SCHOOL, WILSON, N. C.
Clee WinsteadR. 2, WilsonR. 2, Wilson
Louise BrooksDrake's Branch, Va.Vance St.
Lou Ellen DupreeFarmvilleLee St.
Mrs. Ida C. SinclairHampton, Va.R. 2, Wilson
Martha PittsSummerton, S. C.Pine and Green
Elsie MorganBensonPine and Green
Zell WinsteadR. 2, WilsonR. 2, Wilson
Grace ChambersDinwiddie, Va.Gold and Hill
Fannie Lee CarterEdgefield, S. C.Vance St.
5. ELM CITY SCHOOL, ELM CITY, N. C.
P. T. FugateElm CityElm City
Robert L. AndrewsR. 5, DurhamElm City
Dixon BarrettMorehead CityElm City
Lutie StephensonGumberryElm City
J. S. WhitesideEdgemoor, S. C.Elm City
William H. Ragsdale7 Middlebrook, Knoxville, Tenn.Elm City
Lucy O. WilsonOrrville, Ala.Elm City
Susie M. DixonHookertonElm City
Mrs. Annie M. CheathamGatesvilleElm City
Lorena EarlyAhoskieElm City
Margaret HomewoodR. 1, BurlingtonElm City
Mary CondonStantonsburgElm City
Irene NorrisWarrenton, Ga.Elm City
Nannie B. SatterfieldDurhamElm City
6. TOWN CREEK SCHOOL, ELM CITY, N. C.
Mamie LassiterGeorgeElm City
Emma LassiterGeorgeElm City
Minnie ThorneElm CityElm City
Lucy EdwardsElm CityElm City
7. SHARPSBURG SCHOOL, SHARPSBURG, N. C.
Mrs. Edith BarringtonWilsonSharpsburg
Winnie TaylorR. 5, WilsonSharpsburg
Willo SittersonPlymouthSharpsburg
Annie K. OakleyCollege Park, Ga.Sharpsburg
8. BLACK CREEK SCHOOL, BLACK CREEK, N. C.
F. E. HowardBlack CreekBlack Creek
Alberta LammLucamaBlack Creek
Lossie TomlinsonBlack CreekBlack Creek
Sadie GreenPantegoBlack Creek
Erma ColemanFairfax, S. C.Black Creek
Blanche BazanosMilledgeville, Ga.Black Creek
Pattie V. BattlePee DeeBlack Creek
Sarah PearsonBlack CreekBlack Creek
Grace BoykinWilsonBlack Creek
Amelia BallouWilsonBlack Creek
Alice StevensAmericus, Ga.Black Creek
Bettie TylerRoxobelBlack Creek
Alma WorthingtonWintervilleBlack Creek
Rosa StevensAmericus, Ga.Black Creek
Willie MatthewsNashvilleBlack Creek
Edna LongSeaboardBlack Creek
Mary G. DuncanHorse ShoeBlack Creek





NameHome AddressTeaching Address
9. STANTONSBURG SCHOOL, STANTONSBURG, N. C.
J. T. GrahamJonesville, Va.Stantonsburg
Allie L. HillTimmonsville, S. C.Stantonsburg
Imogene BarrettStantonsburgStantonsburg
Elizabeth Calvert105 Polk St., RaleighStantonsburg
Elva J. RosserJonesboroStantonsburg
Mrs. Annie L. WestbrookStantonsburgStantonsburg
Mary WootenStantonsburgStantonsburg
Attie BrayHertfordStantonsburg
Katie YatesApexStantonsburg
Katie WhitleyEnfieldStantonsburg
Louise C. GodwinSmithfield, Va.Stantonsburg
A. Gay GilliamCumberland, Va.Stantonsburg
Annie J. EleyCourtland, Va.Stantonsburg
10. EVANSDALE SCHOOL, R. 6, WILSON, N. C.
J. L. HesterR. 1, RoxboroR. 6, Wilson
Blanche HesterR. 1, RoxboroR. 6, Wilson
Mary M. PaylorR. 3, RoxboroR. 6, Wilson
Gara WilkersonR. 3, KenlyR. 6, Wilson
11. SARATOGA SCHOOL, R. 2, STANTONSBURG, N. C.
R. D. GrayR. 2, StantonsburgR. 2, Stantonsburg
Augusta E. WoodwardR. 2, CaryR. 2, Stantonsburg
Mrs. Eloise T. OwensWalstonburgR. 2, Stantonsburg
Evelyn McGirtMaxtonR. 2, Stantonsburg
Maude DouglasCamilla, Ga.R. 2, Stantonsburg
Mrs. Hazel GardnerR. 2, StantonsburgR. 2, Stantonsburg
Mamie MercerBlack CreekR. 2, Stantonsburg
Annie M. ThompsonStantonsburgR. 2, Stantonsburg
Edna G. TaylorR. 1, WilsonR. 2, Stantonsburg
Mrs. Gladys SpeightWalstonburgR. 2, Stantonsburg
Mrs. R. D. GrayR. 2, Stantonsburg
12. GARDNERS SCHOOL, R. 5, WILSON, N. C.
J. B. EaglesWalstonburgR. 5, Wilson
Mrs. J. B. EaglesWalstonburgR. 5, Wilson
Inez SaundersWilsonR. 5, Wilson
Ruth A. HarrellMoyockR. 5, Wilson
May Langley LammWilsonR. 5, Wilson
Maroda FarabowOxfordR. 5, Wilson
Essie CunninghamFranklinR. 5, Wilson
Cora J. FowlerTaborR. 5, Wilson
Bessie BottomsMargarettsvilleR. 5, Wilson
Mildred ThomasElm CityR. 5, Wilson
Flora MorrisSpindaleR. 5, Wilson
Bettie WebbR. 5, WilsonR. 5, Wilson
13. NEW HOPE SCHOOL, R. 1, WILSON, N. C.
Eliza ParkerGarnerR. 1, Wilson
Beulah BrakeR. 5, Rocky MountR. 1, Wilson
Annie L. PhillipsLumbertonR. 1, Wilson
Julia M. TaylorR. 1, WilsonR. 1, Wilson
Alice GriceWilsonR. 1, Wilson
Mary V. O'BriantR. 2, Elm CityR. 1, Wilson
Ruth GriceWilsonR. 1, Wilson
Amanda RossWashingtonR. 1, Wilson
Anne DalrympleJonesboroR. 1, Wilson
Rachel WootenStantonsburgR. 1, Wilson





NameHome AddressTeaching Address
14. LAMMS SCHOOL, R. 3, WILSON, N. C.
Mary E. OutlawSeven SpringsR. 3, Wilson
Mellie R. DavenportConetoeR. 3, Wilson
Madge PorterSevernR. 3, Wilson
Lucy V. OutlawSeven SpringsR. 3, Wilson
Emma DunnWiseR. 3, Wilson
Daisy SimpsonR. 3, WilsonR. 3, Wilson
15. BULLOCKS SCHOOL, SIMS, N. C.
Bessie FreemanCliffsideSims
Annie FrazierHazelhurst, Ga.Sims
Gladys PhillipsLucamaSims
Mary WilkersonRoxboroSims
Agnes CredleSwan QuarterSims
Myrtie E. MorseHolliston, Mass.Sims
16. SIMS SCHOOL, SIMS, N. C.
Rachel SayersDraper, Va.Sims
Gertrude MelvinStedmanSims
Fannie PerryR. 2, WilsonSims
Rosa PridgenElm CitySims
Marietta NeeceClimaxSims
Louise McCainWaxhawSims
17. ROCK RIDGE SCHOOL, R. 2, WILSON, N. C.
George A. ShortR. 2, WilsonR. 2, Wilson
Vanner NeeceClimaxR. 2, Wilson
Elizabeth EarpSelmaR. 2, Wilson
Mary L. HolmesSpringwood, Va.R. 2, Wilson
Mrs. Elizabeth MoyeWilsonR. 2, Wilson
Agnes B. JonesRichmond, Va.R. 2, Wilson
Nona BriggsMars HillR. 2, Wilson
Blanche MoorePrentissR. 2, Wilson
Fannie G. LucasR. 2, Wilson
Eugenia BrettAhoskieR. 2, Wilson
Georgia TomlinsonBlack CreekR. 2, Wilson
Louise WinchesterSummerfieldR. 2, Wilson
Ethel BradshawCarrsville, Va.R. 2, Wilson
Sybil BrownWilsonR. 2, Wilson
Ellen BarefootWilsonR. 2, Wilson
Jeanie OdomBennettsville, S. C.R. 2, Wilson
18. BUCKHORN SCHOOL, R. 3, KENLY, N. C.
Paul T. RicksPantegoR. 3, Kenly
Mrs. Paul T. RicksPantegoR. 3, Kenly
Della M. WinsteadWhitakersR. 3, Kenly
May S. PerkinsonWiseR. 3, Kenly
Mary LammLucamaR. 3, Kenly
Aldine PleasantsBurnsvilleR. 3, Kenly
Eva DaughtryNewton GroveR. 3, Kenly
19. ST. MARYS SCHOOL, R. 1, LUCAMA, N. C.
Annie S. JohnsonLumber BridgeR. 1, Lucama
Eva WikeHiddeniteR. 1, Lucama
Geneva ExumGreenvilleR. 1, Lucama
Ruth McCainWaxhawR. 1, Lucama
Bruce ExumGreenvilleR. 1, Lucama
Grace KempAlapaha, Ga.R. 1, Lucama
Virginia BarnesR. 3, KenlyR. 1, Lucama
Estelle LammLucamaR. 1, Lucama
Mata MitchellOxfordR. 1, Lucama





NameHome AddressTeaching Address
20 LUCAMA SCHOOL, LUCAMA, N. C.
John A. MooreLucamaLucama
Nona RushHigh RockLucama
Ruth BerryElloree, S. C.Lucama
Ellen GrimesElko, S. C.Lucama
Mabel MotesLeah, Ga.Lucama
W. B. BarnesLucamaLucama
Mabel WootenStantonsburgLucama
Miriam G. HadenCrozet, Va.Lucama
Osceola T. CrewPleasant HillLucama
Myrtle WaltonWashington, Ga.Lucama
Grace BarnesLewistonLucama
Annie B. McFadyenRaefordLucama
Virginia ForbesWilsonLucama
Ina BowdenCalypsoLucama
21. SCOTTS SCHOOL, R. 3, LUCAMA, N. C.
H. T. WrightBox 574, WilsonR. 3, Lucama
Pearl NealLucamaR. 3, Lucama
Annie L. BrownSwan QuarterR. 3, Lucama
Mrs. Annie DulinSelmaR. 3, Lucama

XX. TYPES OF TEACHERS NOT WANTED
1. INQUIRY BLANK

WILSON PUBLIC SCHOOLS

WILSON, N. C.

........................., 1924.

M.........................

.........................

.........................

Dear.................... :

1. M.................... of.................... has given me your name as one who can tell me of her ability as a teacher, etc.

2. Some Wilson teachers, 1923-24, have failed for the following reasons: (a) lack of knowledge of subject-matter and inability to manage children; (b) attention to card playing, dancing and other society interests to the neglect of their school work; (c) on account of falling in love with high school pupils; (d) on account of keeping the company of sorry men; (e) on account of night riding without a chaperone; (f) on account of attendance on rotten vaudeville and sorry moving picture shows; (g) on account of entertaining company until late hours at night, making good school work next day impossible; (h) on account of failure to take any vital interest in church and Sunday School work and other community activities.





3. If you think this applicant will and can avoid all the above sources of failure, I shall appreciate your saying so. If you think there is doubt about her having enough good sense to avoid these sources of failure, I shall appreciate your frankness. We are after teachers who are in earnest about doing what they are paid to do. We prefer that all other kinds go elsewhere.

4. Answer: ........................................

..................................................

..................................................

..................................................

..................................................

..................................................

5. Reply sent to Supt. C. L. Coon, Wilson, N. C., on..........day of ...................., 1924.

2. FORM OF CONTRACT

WILSON CITY AND COUNTY PUBLIC SCHOOLS

TEACHER'S CONTRACT

I hereby accept a position as teacher in the Wilson.................... Public Schools for the year 192...... and 192...... at a salary of $............... for the school year of...............months. My N. C. Certificate is Number ..............., Class............... I have had...............years teaching experience. My N. C. Certificate expires July 1, 192....... I further agree that I will take a vital interest in church and Sunday School work and other community activities; that I will not entertain company until late hours at night and thus render my school work next day inefficient; that I will not attend sorry moving picture and vaudeville shows; that I will not fall in love or become familiar with high school pupils; that I will not attend card and dancing parties; that I will not fail to use good sense and discretion in the company I keep; that I will use my best endeavors during the year to improve my work as a teacher; and that I will do nothing to bring disrepute on the home in which I live or to cause right thinking people to speak disparagingly of me and of my work.

This..........day of.............................., 192......

Signed........................................

Home Address ...................................

CONDITIONS:

1. School: ........................................

2. Grade of Work...................................

3. Salary to be paid in..........installments at end of each.......... month, term to begin..........day of...................., 192......

Signed........................................

Superintendent of Schools, Wilson, N. C.

N. B. Return this signed with your certificate to Supt. C. L. Coon, Wilson, N. C. If you were a teacher in Wilson County last year, you need not send your certificate, unless its grade or class has been changed recently.





XXI. TOTAL TEACHERS’ SALARY BUDGET, 1924-25

TownshipsWhiteColoredTotalNumber White TeachersNumber Colored Teachers
1. Wilson86,20815,757101,9656028
2. Black Creek17,0801,96519,045176
3. Cross Roads15,9802,17218,152186
4. Gardners10,4161,86012,276126
5. Old Fields30,7642,16032,924347
6. Saratoga9,8801,41011,290115
7. Spring Hill14,6602,64017,300167
8. Stantonsburg18,0002,45120,451176
9. Taylors8,6601,95010,610106
10. Toisnot19,7324,10523,8371911
Totals231,38036,470267,85021488
Sharpsburg41

TRUCKS—COST OF OPERATION, 1923-24
Items (66 Trucks)66 Trucks 8 Months66 Trucks 1 Month1 Truck 1 Month1 Truck 1 Day
Mileage178,464.022,308.0338.016.9
Pupils carried334,995.243,124.4653.432.67
Gasoline (gallons)30,326.43,790.857.42.87
Gasoline value$ 6,180.24$ 772.53$ 11.705$ 0.585
Oil (quarts)11,478.721,434.8421.741.087
Oil (cost)$ 1,825.296$ 228.162$ 3.457$ 0.173
Repairs (value)$ 7,407.312$ 925.914$ 14.029$ 0.7014
Cases trouble982.432122.8041.694.0847
Repairs (labor)$ 4,360.224$ 545.028$ 8.258$ 0.4129
Drivers (salary)$ 4,259.376$ 532.422$ 8.067$ 0.40335
Total cost$ 24,030.664$ 3,003.858$ 45.513$ 2.27565

EXPLANATIONS:

1. The above figures include cost of two new trucks.

2. These figures show that it cost $11.15 to transport one pupil for 8 months, or a little more than $1.39 per month, which is nearly 7 cents per school day.





SCHOOL BUDGET AND TAX RATE, 1924-25

1. Total valuation, 1924$46,927,490
2. Total school tax rate: 90c. on $100.
3. Total school budget$482,123
4. Rates for specific purposes:
a. For salaries, six months40c.
b. For loans and bonds25c.
c. For operation, six months9c.
d. For term extension16c.
Total six months rate74c.
Special tax rate16c.
Total90c.
5. Sources:
a. Property$422,347
b. Dogs3,595
c. Polls9,888
d. Other sources46,293
Total$482,123





SCHOOL COMMITTEEMEN, 1924-25

1. Black Creek Township—J. S. Tomlinson, chairman; L. D. Tomlinson, G. J. Evans, Elisha Bass, W. H. Bass. Address of all: Black Creek, N. C.

2. Cross Roads Township—Dr. I. W. Lamm, chairman; W. H. Tomlinson, W. T. Bass, S. E. High, Mallie Raper. Address of all: Lucama, N. C.

3. Gardner's Township—R. H. Thomas, chairman; Mrs. W. B. Forbes, T. J. Wiggins, S. P. Thomas; one vacancy. Address of all: R. 1, Elm City, N. C.

4. Old Fields Township—W. C. Boyette, chairman, R. 3, Wilson; R. T. Barnes, R. 3, Kenly; D. A. Fulghum, R. 1, Sims; Dr. T. G. Bradshaw, R. 2, Wilson; J. S. Bailey, Sims.

5. Saratoga Township—Joe Craft, chairman; John R. Eagles, J. W. Bass, Dr. C. S. Eagles, A. W. Etheridge. Address: Walstonburg.

6. Stantonsburg Township—A. S. Wooten, chairman; W. L. Shelton, Dr. S. H. Crocker, Dr. H. H. Powell, R. M. Whitley. Address of all: Stantonsburg.

7. Spring Hill Township—C. O. Hinnant, chairman, R. 3, Kenly; J. H. Renfrow, Jr., R. 3, Kenly; W. F. Watson, Lueama; Albert Watson, R. 3, Kenly; one vacancy.

8. Taylor's Township—J. S. Thompson, chairman, R. 1, Wilson; Mrs. George R. Dew, R. 1, Wilson; George M. Edwards, R. 1, Wilson; W. D. Dew, R. 3, Wilson; R. T. Taylor, R. 1, Wilson.

9. Toisnot Township—W. M. Wells, chairman; J. D. Bryant, T. S., Hedgepeth, B. A. Harrelson, J. W. Cox, J. W. Winstead, E. R. Brinkley, John L. Bailey, Karl Bailey, Dr. B. F. Barnes. Address of all: Elm City, N. C.

10. Wilson Township—S. W. Richardson, chairman; Graham Woodard, F. M. Miller, Dr. J. R. Edmundson, Mrs. W. A. Finch, Mrs. A. A. Bayse; one vacancy. Address of all: Wilson, N. C.









































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