Historical Sketch of
Text from Principal Investigator
DD-337 was named for Marine Corps officer Randolph Talcott Zane,
(1887-1918) who served in the Chateau Thierry region of France during World
War I. Wounded and shell-shocked on 26 June, Zane never recovered from his
injuries and died on 24 October 1918.
was commissioned at Mare
Island on 15 February 1921. Converted from a destroyer to a high-speed
minesweeper at the Pearl Harbor Navy Yard and reclassified as DMS-14 on 19
operated primarily in Hawaiian waters on the eve
of World War II.
On the morning of 7 December 1941, she was moored off Pearl City in a nest
with her three sister ships of Mine Division 4
(DMS-17). The crew was just
finishing breakfast when, at 0757, a signalman on watch topside observed a
single plane drop a bomb on the southern end of Ford Island after a long
gliding approach from the northward. Only then did the men topside realize
it was a Japanese plane. With 10 percent of her enlisted men and 25
percent of the officers ashore,
went to general quarters and,
within three minutes of the initial explosion, had manned her .50-caliber
antiaircraft machine gun battery. Her commanding officer, Lt. Comdr. L. M.
LeHardy, was senior officer afloat in the division and reported: "0800
Observed Japanese plane gliding low over Ford Island, enemy character now
positive. This was not a drill." Commencing fire at "any and all planes
which passed within a reasonable distance of the nest,"
preparations at 0803 for getting underway, as belting and ammunition supply
parties turned to. At 0830,
spotted a "strange submarine" 200
yards astern of
(AR-1), anchored in nearby berth K-23.
position in the nest, however, rendered her incapable of
opening fire with her after 4-inch gun her aim was fouled by
(DMS-17), moored outboard. However,
(DD-354) soon made the
whole problem academic at 0840, when she charged down upon the Japanese
type "A" midget submarine and destroyed her by ramming and with depth
charges. Meanwhile, the fleet gradually began to fight back and, by the
time the second wave of Japanese planes arrived, the enemy found a
decidedly hot reception. Gunfire from a nearby ship possibly
brought down one Japanese plane, whose bomb burst in the water near
. The enemy aircraft exploded into flames on the way down and
crashed on shore to the loud cheers of all hands topside in
Subsequently, the ships of MinDiv 4 got underway individually and stood out
to take up patrol offshore.
had suffered no damage from the
enemy during the raid, but the melee of "friendly" anti-aircraft fire from
a number of ships nearby including some in the nest itself had severed a
number of strands of rigging and antennae. At 1410,
rigged up a twin-ship, moored-mine sweep with 400 fathoms of
wire between them and entered the Pearl Harbor entrance channel at 1547,
sweeping up to the vicinity of the gate vessel before the sweep wire
Subsequently returning to sea,
resumed anti-submarine patrols,
carrying them out at a time when submarine sightings most of them
operated locally out of Pearl Harbor
into the spring of 1942 as a convoy escort. The high-speed minesweeper
then underwent repairs and alterations and together with her four sister
ships was re-assigned to remove mines prior to the Guadalcanal invasions
before D day, 7 August. During the struggle for Guadalcanal,
worked off Tulagi and Guadalcanal frequently battling Japanese forces the
end of 1942. She later took part in the campaigns to occupy the Russells,
New Georgia, in 1942, and the Marshalls, Marianas and Carolines in 1944.
V-J Day found her in at anchor in San Pedro Bay, off Leyte. During those
vital but unglamorous duties, she had been reclassified from a high-speed
minesweeper to a miscellaneous auxiliary, AG-109, on 5 June 1945.
was decommissioned there on 14 December 1945 and sold on 22
October 1946; her hulk was scrapped on 3 March 1947.
received six battle stars for her World War II service. In addition, she
received the Navy Unit Commendation for her services at Guadalcanal in 1942
Dictionary of American Naval Fighting Ships
vols., (Navy Department, Office of Chief of Naval Operations, Naval History
Division, Washington, DC, 1963), Volume VIII, pp. 554-557.
David M. Armstrong Papers #555, East Carolina
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