Historical Sketch of
Text from Principal Investigator
Named for the capitol city of the state of North Carolina and the great
English explorer Sir Walter Raleigh, who made the first attempt to
establish an English settlement in North America, the cruiser
(CL-7) was the third to bear the name. She was commissioned
6 February 1924. After many years in the Atlantic and Caribbean, in 1939,
was attached to the Hawaiian Detachment, arriving on station
5 October as flagship of Destroyer Flotilla One.
was moored at berth F-12, on the east side of the north
channel at Pearl Harbor, when the Japanese made their infamous attack. In
the first attack wave a torpedo passed ahead and a second hit
portside amidships. The cruiser took such a list to port
that it appeared she might capsize. As she fought to survive, jettisoning
topside weight, her gunners helped to destroy five enemy planes. Her
valiant men won her from the enemy and the sea in a struggle which almost
miraculously, left her with only a few wounded. The next day, yard craft
and the destroyer tender
(AD-4) came alongside to render
was towed into the Navy Yard for repairs 22
departed Pearl Harbor 21 February 1942 as an escort of a
five-ship convoy. She returned to action as a unit of Task Force 15
assigned to convoy escort duty between San Francisco, Hawaii, Samoa and
participated in the bombardment of Kiska 2 August 1943.
was active in the Aleutians during much of 1944 and 1945,
sweeping the ocean from Kiska to west of Attu. When the war ended
was decommissioned on 2 November. Her hulk was sold for
scrap at Philadelphia 27 February 1946.
battle stars for World War II service.
Dictionary of American Naval Fighting Ships
vols., (Navy Department, Office of Chief of Naval Operations, Naval History
Division, Washington, DC, 1963), Volume VI, pp.18-21.
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