Historical Sketch of
Text from Principal Investigator
Named for the 36th state, the second
(BB-36) was commissioned
11 March 1916 and joined the Atlantic Fleet at Newport 26 May 1916. During
World War I, she served with the British Grand Fleet, and escorted
President Woodrow Wilson's on his way to peace talks in France.
served in both Atlantic and Pacific Fleets in the period
between the wars.
On 7 December 1941,
was moored alone off Ford Island, unlike
the other 8 battleships that were moored in pairs. This allowed
a freedom of maneuver denied the other 8 battleships present
during the attack. She was among the first to open fire. Despite being
struck by one torpedo and two or three bombs,
was able to get
underway. While attempting to leave harbor she was struck again. Fearing
she might sink in the channel, blocking it, she was beached at Hospital
Point. Gutted forward, she lost 60 killed and 109 wounded.
Successfully re-floated on 12 February 1942,
Pearl Harbor and Puget Sound Navy Yard, then sailed for Alaska where she
provided fire support for the capture of Attu 11 to 18 May. In June she
sailed for further modernization at Norfolk Navy Yard, and in April 1944
reached British waters to prepare for the invasions of Normandy and
Southern France. Returning to the Pacific, 16 February 1945, she provided
shore bombardment for the Iwo Jima and Okinawa campaigns. After brief
postwar duty in Tokyo Bay,
survived the atom-bomb test of
July 1946 and was sunk by gunfire and aerial torpedoes off Hawaii 31 July
received 7 battle stars for World War II service.
Dictionary of American Naval Fighting Ships
vols., (Navy Department, Office of Chief of Naval Operations, Naval History
Division, Washington, DC, 1963), Volume I, pp. 50-52.
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