Robert W. Hayler Papers, 1942-1946

Manuscript Collection #540

Descriptive Summary Click here to collapse or expand the contents in this section of the finding aid

Title: Robert W. Hayler Papers
Creator: Hayler, Robert W., 1891-
Repository: ECU Manuscript Collection
Languages: English
Abstract: Papers (1942-1943) including correspondence, diaries, photocopies, citations, awards, photographs, and a summary of important events.
Extent: 0.11 Cubic feet, 27 items , photocopies, consisting of diaries, citations, awards, photographs, correspondence, and a summary of important events.

Administrative Information Click here to collapse or expand the contents in this section of the finding aid

Accessions Information

December 7, 1987, 25 items, photocopies; Diaries (manuscript and typed) of Rear Admiral Robert W. Hayler, Sr., as commander of the USS HONOLULU (1942-1944), citations and photographs. Gift of Capt. Robert W. Hayler, Jr., Arlington, Va.

Access Restrictions

No restrictions

Copyright Notice

Literary rights to specific documents are retained by the authors or their descendants in accordance with U.S. copyright law.

Preferred Citation

Robert W. Hayler Papers (#540), East Carolina Manuscript Collection, J. Y. Joyner Library, East Carolina University, Greenville, North Carolina, USA.

Acquisition Information

  • Gift of Capt. Robert W. Hayler, Jr.

Processing Information

  • Processed by G. Pritchard, March 1991

  • Encoded by Apex Data Services

Biographical / Historical Note Click here to collapse or expand the contents in this section of the finding aid

Robert Ward Hayler, Sr., was born in Sandusky, Ohio, June 7, 1891. He graduated from the United States Naval Academy in 1914. Entering Naval service as a commissioned ensign in 1914, he rose through the ranks to rear admiral in 1944. He served in the USS GEORGIA during the Mexican Campaign in 1914 and in the USS OKLAHOMA in Ireland while operating with the British Grand Fleet from 1916 to 1919. From 1939 to 1942 he commanded the Naval Torpedo Station in Alexandria, Virginia. He commanded the USS HONOLULU from 1942 to 1944 and was promoted to rear admiral in 1944 while at sea. He then commanded Cruiser Division 12. For his World War II service Hayler earned many citations and awards. Hayler retired in June 1951 and then returned to active duty in July of the same year. He retired finally in July 1953 with the rank of vice admiral.

Description Click here to collapse or expand the contents in this section of the finding aid

Two diaries record Hayler's activities from August 1942 through October 1944 while attached to the Pacific Fleet. The diaries detail patrols, refueling stops and maneuvers, engagements, bombardments and battles, and battle damage for each of Hayler's ships and often for ships that were nearby.

The first diary records Hayler's activities while commanding the light cruiser USS HONOLULU in both the North and South Pacific fleets. Hayler's short stay in the North Pacific was followed by various patrols in the South Pacific, where he operated mostly out of Espiritu Santo. On the HONOLULU, Hayler was attached to Task Forces 67, 8, 18, and 38 and one Task Group, 36.1, which operated under Task Force 18. While attached to Task Force 8, the HONOLULU participated in the bombardment of Kiska (Aug. 1942). The HONOLULU was attached to Task Force 67 during the Battle of Tassafaronga (Nov. 1942); Task Force 18 during Vila-Stanmore and related engagements (May 1943); and Task Group 36.1 during the New Georgia, Kula Gulf, and Kolombangara battles (July 1943). During engagements on Bougainville (Dec. 1943 - Jan. 1944), the HONOLULU was attached to Task Force 38.

The second diary records Hayler's activities beginning with his 1944 promotion to rear admiral as he was relieved of command of the HONOLULU and continuing through his taking command of Task Force 39 and relieving Rear Admiral A. S. Merrill as commander of Cruiser Division 12. Cruiser Division 12, with the Marianas bombardment group, took part in the Battle of the Philippine Sea and assisted in the bombardment, seizure, and occupation of Saipan, Guam, Tinian, Peleliu, Angaur, Ngesebus, and Ulithi islands (May - Sept. 1944). The preliminary assault group under Rear Admiral Arthur D. Struble, with Cruiser Divison 12, made landings and took Dinagat, Homonhon, and Suluan islands (Oct. 1944). This group, again with Cruiser Division 12, also participated in the Battle of Surigao Strait (Oct. 1944).

Other items include photocopied photographs of the HONOLULU and Cruiser Division 12, and temporary citations and awards issued by various admirals, which are coupled with permanent citations issued for the President by the Secretary of the Navy for Hayler's actions during World War II.

Subject Headings Click here to collapse or expand the contents in this section of the finding aid

Online access to this finding aid is supported with funds created through the federal Library Services and Technology Act (LSTA). These funds come through a grant from the Institute of Museum and Library Services which is administered by the State Library of North Carolina, a division of the North Carolina Department of Cultural Resources. This grant is part of the North Carolina ECHO, Exploring Cultural Heritage Online, Digitization Grant Program.

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This is a finding aid. It is a description of archival material held in the Special Collections Department, J.Y. Joyner Library, East Carolina University. The materials described here are physically available in our reading room. None of the original documents in this collection are digitally available online at this time.
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