William D. Bryan, Jr., Papers, 1943-1945

Manuscript Collection #510

Descriptive Summary Click here to collapse or expand the contents in this section of the finding aid

Title: William D. Bryan, Jr., Papers
Creator: Bryan, William D.
Repository: ECU Manuscript Collection
Languages: English
Abstract: Papers (1943-1945) including copies of correspondence, personal notations, orders, addresses, photographs, reminiscences, equipment lists, and reports pertaining to his World War II service with the 14th Malaria Control Unit of the U. S. Army Air Corps in New Guinea and the Philippines, 1943-1945, including references to malaria control, military issues, and incidents involving Japanese, American and Filipino forces.
Extent: 0.25 Cubic feet, 4 items , copies, containing correspondence, personal notations, orders, addresses, photographs, equipment lists, and reports.

Administrative Information Click here to collapse or expand the contents in this section of the finding aid

Accessions Information

June 12, 1986, 1 volume, Copies; Binding containing correspondence, reports, photographs, reminiscences, and orders pertaining to the 14th Malaria Control Unit on New Guinea and the Philippines (1944-1945)

July 24, 1987, 3 volumes, Copies; Memo book (1943-1944) and binders containing copies of Guinea Gold (1943-1944). Gift of William D. Bryan, Jr., Tarboro, NC

May 19, 1997 (unprocessed addition 1), 7 cubic feet; Papers of sanitary engineer concerned with malaria control in the Philippine Islands during World War II, including correspondence, scrapbooks, photographs, clippings, note books, and miscellany. Donor: Estate of William D. Bryan, Jr.

Access Restrictions

No restrictions

Copyright Notice

Literary rights to specific documents are retained by the authors or their descendants in accordance with U.S. copyright law.

Preferred Citation

William D. Bryan, Jr., Papers (#510), East Carolina Manuscript Collection, J. Y. Joyner Library, East Carolina University, Greenville, North Carolina, USA.

Acquisition Information

  • Gift of William D. Bryan, Jr.
  • Gift of Estate of William D. Bryan, Jr

Processing Information

  • Processed by V. Leary, September 1987

  • Encoded by Apex Data Services

Biographical / Historical Note Click here to collapse or expand the contents in this section of the finding aid

In July 1943, Sanitary Engineer, Capt. William D. Bryan, Jr., was assigned to the First Air Task Force (FATF), Dobodura, New Guinea, and worked in the area from Dutch New Guinea to the Philippine Islands. His work primarily concerned malaria control.

Captain Bryan's unit also was concerned with the control of an epidemic of scrubtyphus on Owi Island, Dutch New Guinea. Through the efforts of Col. Duran H. Summers and Com. Bryan, several prophylactic control measures were accomplished in insect control resulting in increased safety and effectiveness of Allied Forces fighting in the Pacific Theatre in World War II.

Description Click here to collapse or expand the contents in this section of the finding aid

Correspondence labeled "Secret" (8/31/44) gives a detailed report of malaria control activites for August 1944. A letter or diary entry describes Bryan's move to Fort McKinley in the Philippines and obstacles involved in the move. Also noted is the qualification of Philippine Guerilla Forces for promotion and the capture of Philippine Army Lieutenant Edgie D'Asis, his imprisonment and subsequent work for a Japanese admiral as interpreter, and his recapture by U.S. Forces.

The memoranda book includes notations on the incidence of typhus and malaria by month. Also included is a list of commonly used words and phrases with English translations.

Copies of Guinea Gold (1943-1944) reflect the war activities in the Pacific.

Photographs and copies concern native labor crews, the 14th Malaria Control Unit, equipment, living quarters, and jungle areas.

For related material see Oral History Collection, Interview #90.

Subject Headings Click here to collapse or expand the contents in this section of the finding aid

Preliminary Inventory Click here to collapse or expand the contents in this section of the finding aid

Below is material taken from a preliminary inventory and represents content from the collection that is unprocessed.

  • Box 15#0510.15
    • Folder f#0510.15.f
      • The Daily Sunday Oro Bayer v. 1, n. 38-v. 1, no. 41 (17-20 November 1943), Southwest Pacific Area, published by the 12 S.S.C. under the direction of Base Sepcial Service. Newsletters. Mimeographed. 4 items. 4 p.  (item #1)
      • Yank Far East, v. 2, no. 24 (1/12/1945) published by the U. S. Army Information and Education Section (APO 927). Periodical. Printed. 1 item. 12 p.  (item #2)
      • "Banzai At Burauen," by Maj. Herboert O. Johansen, Air Force Magazine (March 1945), pp. 2-7, 46. Clipping. Printed. 1 item. 5 p.  (item #3)

Online access to this finding aid is supported with funds created through the federal Library Services and Technology Act (LSTA). These funds come through a grant from the Institute of Museum and Library Services which is administered by the State Library of North Carolina, a division of the North Carolina Department of Cultural Resources. This grant is part of the North Carolina ECHO, Exploring Cultural Heritage Online, Digitization Grant Program.

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This is a finding aid. It is a description of archival material held in the Special Collections Department, J.Y. Joyner Library, East Carolina University. The materials described here are physically available in our reading room. None of the original documents in this collection are digitally available online at this time.
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