October 25, 1984, 5 items; Historical studies on the Fusion Movement in North Carolina; race relations in Pitt County, N.C.; Harry Skinner; and the Colored Farmers' Alliance. Gift of Harold G. Sugg, Roanoke, Virginia.
Literary rights to specific documents are retained by the authors or their descendants in accordance with U.S. copyright law.
Harold G. Sugg Papers (#494), East Carolina Manuscript Collection, J. Y. Joyner Library, East Carolina University, Greenville, North Carolina, USA.
A Greenville, N.C., native, Harold G. Sugg, is a member of a prominent local family. Sugg received an M.A. in history from Old Dominion University in 1971. He has been both an editor and publisher for several Virginia newspapers and is currently retired and living in Roanoke, Virginia.
The collection includes four term papers and one master's thesis, all from O.D.U. The papers deal with race relations, particularly emphasizing conditions in North Carolina. Topics covered include slavery, free Negroes, the Fusion and Populist movements, sub-treasury plans, and both black and white farmers' alliances.
Three of the term papers,
The Fusion Movement in North Carolina Seen Through the Focus of Critical Locality, Harry Skinner, The Sub-Treasury Plan and the New Deal, and Race and Populism in North Carolina: The Early Years [1886-1903], and the master's thesis, The Colored Farmers' Alliance, 1888-1892, With Special ReferencetoNorth Carolina, all deal with political and social aspects of race relations in the South during the late-nineteenth and early-twentieth centuries. These works deal with attempts to form a cooperative relationship between blacks and whites around such issues as the Populist Party, the Farmers' Alliance, and the Sub-Treasury Plan. The papers also discuss the impact of these activities on the traditional Southern social system, resulting in the disfranchisement of blacks, Jim Crow legislation, destruction of the Populist Party, and the Wilmington, N.C., race riot (1898). Sugg explains in detail how those negative results led to the exodus of thousands of blacks from North Carolina to other Southern states and to the industrial North.
The fourth term paper,
Race Relations in Pitt County, North Carolina: Slavery 1790-1860, covers such topics as the development of slavery in North Carolina and relationships between slaves and masters. Also of interest are statistics on ratios of blacks to whites, freemen to slaves, and property-holding blacks to tenants in North Carolina.