November 8, 1982, 1 volume; World War II naval intelligence officer's notebook. Gift of Mrs. John W. Graham, Edenton, N.C.
Literary rights to specific documents are retained by the authors or their descendants in accordance with U.S. copyright law.
John W. Graham Papers (#457), East Carolina Manuscript Collection, J. Y. Joyner Library, East Carolina University, Greenville, North Carolina, USA.
- Gift of Mrs. John W. Graham
This notebook (ca. 1941-1943) covers John W. Graham's operational training as a naval intelligence officer stationed on the Eastern Sea Frontier, 5th Naval District (Virginia and North Carolina) during World War II. In note form are instructions on navigation, types of ships, chains of command, anti-submarine warfare techniques, mines and mine sweeping, convoys, the coast watch system, and responsibilities of staff and line officers. Graham also includes excellent notes on details of the jurisdictions of the various armed force branches, the role and morale of civilian coast watchers, submarine spotting, and types of mines. Sketches of mines are also found in the notebook.
Graham describes implementation of the Coastal Convoy System and the resulting decrease in shipping losses, distribution of naval districts worldwide, and the number designation system for patrol groups and task forces. Ship tonnage, use of commercial fishing vessels, chart usage, and course adjustments are also discussed. There are numerous and explicit notes on procedures and techniques along with frequent references to "Chapman." (See Charles Frederic Chapman,
Piloting, Seamanship, and
Small Boat Handling, New York, 1922.)