John Clayton Taylor Papers, 1907-1921

Manuscript Collection #442

Descriptive Summary Click here to collapse or expand the contents in this section of the finding aid

Title: John Clayton Taylor Papers
Creator: Taylor, John Clayton, 1888-1921
Repository: ECU Manuscript Collection
Languages: English
Abstract: Papers (1907-1921) including correspondence, post cards, photography, a diary, a newspaper, and miscellaneous.
Extent: 0.65 Cubic feet, 170 items , consisting of correspondence, post cards, photographs, a diary, a newspaper, and miscellany.

Administrative Information Click here to collapse or expand the contents in this section of the finding aid

Accessions Information

March 22, 1982, 126 items; Papers (1907-1921) of U.S. Navy physician, including correspondence, photographs, a diary, and miscellaneous. Gift of Miss Alya Ray Taylor, Greenville, N.C.

Access Restrictions

No restrictions

Copyright Notice

Literary rights to specific documents are retained by the authors or their descendants in accordance with U.S. copyright law.

Preferred Citation

John Clayton Taylor Papers (#442), East Carolina Manuscript Collection, J. Y. Joyner Library, East Carolina University, Greenville, North Carolina, USA.

Acquisition Information

  • Gift of Miss Alya Ray Taylor

Processing Information

  • Processed by K. Elmore, June 1982

  • Encoded by Apex Data Services

Biographical / Historical Note Click here to collapse or expand the contents in this section of the finding aid

John Clayton Taylor, son of Mr. and Mrs. John G. Taylor of Greenville, N.C., was born on September 20, 1888. He attended Buies Creek Academy, Atlantic Christian College, and the Medical College of Virginia at Richmond. He completed internship at the Virginia Home for Incurables and in 1917 joined the U.S. Navy with the rank of assistant surgeon. During World War I, Taylor served aboard USS PLATTSBURG, a hospital ship that made eleven trips from Europe to the United States. Taylor remained in the Navy until January 30, 1921, when he was accidentally shot and killed by a sentry at the East Camp on the naval base at Norfolk, Virginia. He was buried at the family cemetery between Greenville and Bethel, N.C.

Description Click here to collapse or expand the contents in this section of the finding aid

The papers consist chiefly of correspondence from John C. Taylor to his sister, Alya Ray Taylor, and his parents. The correspondence, mainly personal, reveals the close relationship between Taylor and his sister. The letters include advice on family matters, colleges, books, and life in general. Correspondence from the secretary of the navy and other officials (1921) expresses concern about Taylor's death.

The most important part of the collection- correspondence, photographs, post cards, and a diary- reflect Taylor's service aboard the PLATTSBURG and his sightseeing activities in Europe and America. Correspondence pertains to the Isle of Wight (Jan., 1918), Liverpool (July, 1918), London (July, 1918) and Chester (Aug., 1918), England; Brest (Oct., 1918), Morlaix (Oct., 1918), Paris (Dec., 1918), Château-Thierry (Dec., 1918), and Versailles (Dec., 1918), France; Dublin, Ireland (May., 1919); Glasgow, Scotland (May, 1919); Ostend, Dixmude, Brussels, and Antwerp, Belgium (Aug., 1919); Cologne and Coblenz, Germany (Aug., 1919); New York City (1918-1919); and Parris Island, S.C. (Oct., 1919).

An album of photographs and post cards ([1918?]-1919) contains views of the PLATTSBURG, its medical officers and corps, and activities aboard ship, including "mass court," a boxing match, a Catholic worship service, and the loading of wounded men; USS IMPERATOR; USS LEVIATHAN; New York City, including USS RECRUIT, a wooden ship used for recruiting; Liverpool; Chester; Glasgow; HMS VICTORY; Edinburgh; Southampton; Cork, Ireland, including Blarney Castle; London; Ostend; Dixmude; Ypres; Brussels; Waterloo; Antwerp; German prisoners performing salvage work in Belgium; Cologne; Brest; Morlaix; Château-Thierry; German ships; and a U.S. Navy N.C. 4 Skydroplane.

Loose photographs depict, in addition to some of the subjects listed above, the trenches at Argonne, Dead Man's Hill at Verdun, an early motorcycle, and members of the Taylor family. An oversized photograph shows the officer's court at an unidentified tent camp.

Loose post cards in the collection show views of Camp Jackson, Columbia, S.C.; USS MONTPELIER; and sites in France, as well as other subjects already noted.

Taylor's diary (1919) contains brief entries pertaining to the movements and activities of the PLATTSBURG and its crew.

Miscellany in the collection includes an essay on why Pitt County, N.C., should have a hospital (1918) and a copy of the Buies Creek Academy Little River Record (January, 1908).

Related Collections Click here to collapse or expand the contents in this section of the finding aid

Subject Headings Click here to collapse or expand the contents in this section of the finding aid

Card Catalog Entries Click here to collapse or expand the contents in this section of the finding aid

The following terms have been used to index the description of this collection in the Reading Room's card catalog. This system is no longer maintained, but it is left in place to help on-site researchers locate particular topics in the collection.

Geographic Entries :

  • North Carolina, Pitt County

Autograph Entries :

  • Daniels, Josephus 1921

Subject Entries :

  • BELGIUM— General Description and History
  • BUSINESS AND COMMERCE— Ships and Shipping— Europe
  • ENGLAND— General Description and History
  • FRANCE— General Description and History
  • GERMANY— General Description and History
  • HEALTH AND MEDICINE— Hospitals— Pitt Co., N.C.
  • HEALTH AND MEDICINE— Nurses and Nursing
  • IRELAND— General Description and History
  • MUSIC— Bands
  • NEW YORK— NEW YORK CITY— General Description and History
  • SOCIAL LIFE AND CUSTOMS— Brothers and Sisters
  • SPORTS— Baseball— England
  • SPORTS— Boxing
  • TAXATION— Business Tax
  • TRANSPORTATION— Automobiles
  • TRANSPORTATION— Electric Railroads
  • TRANSPORTATION— Motorcycles
  • TRAVEL— Europe— 1917-1919
  • U.S.— MILITARY— Navy— Aviation
  • U.S.— MILITARY— Navy— Hospital Ships
  • U.S.— MILITARY— Recruiting, Enlistment, etc.
  • WAR— WORLD WAR I— Camps
  • WAR— WORLD WAR I— France
  • WAR— WORLD WAR I— Health and Medicine
  • WAR— WORLD WAR I— Prisoners of War
  • WAR— WORLD WAR I— Submarines
  • WOMEN— Role— 1918

Newspaper Entries:

Buies Creek, N.C.
  • The Little River Record
    • Jan., 1908

Date Entries :

  • 1910-1919
  • 1920-1921

Container List Click here to collapse or expand the contents in this section of the finding aid

  • Box 3#0442.3
    Photographs, post cards, photocopies,1919
    • Folder a#0442.3.a
      P-442/40, 108-109, 111 P-442/186, 188-190, 192-195, 197 P-442/204, 206-210, 212-214, 219
    • Folder b#0442.3.b
      PC-442/42-68, 70, 74, 77-78, 81 PC-442/83-84, 93, 100-106
    • Folder c#0442.3.c
      P-442/69, 71-73, 75-76, 79-80, 82, 85-92 P-442/94-99, 107, 110, 113-114, 116-119, P-442/121, 123-125, 127-133, 135-137 P-442/139, 146, 150
    • Folder d#0442.3.d
      P-442/151-152, 154-164, 176-177, 181, 191 P-442/199-203, 205, 220-221, 227, P-442/232-234, 238
    • Folder e#0442.3.e
      PC-442/115, 120, 122, 126, 134, 138 PC-442/140-141, 143-145, 147-149, 153, PC-442/165-175, 178-180, 182-185 PC-442/196, 198, 255-258, 261, 264
    • Folder f#0442.3.f
      P-442/215-218, 229-230, 240-242, P-442/9-11, 15
    • Folder g#0442.3.g
      P-442/222-226, 228, 231, 235-237, 239 P-442/243-254, 259-260, 262-263
    • Folder h#0442.3.h
Oversize Folder os1#0442.os1
Newspaper, oversize photograph

Online access to this finding aid is supported with funds created through the federal Library Services and Technology Act (LSTA). These funds come through a grant from the Institute of Museum and Library Services which is administered by the State Library of North Carolina, a division of the North Carolina Department of Cultural Resources. This grant is part of the North Carolina ECHO, Exploring Cultural Heritage Online, Digitization Grant Program.

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This is a finding aid. It is a description of archival material held in the Special Collections Department, J.Y. Joyner Library, East Carolina University. The materials described here are physically available in our reading room. None of the original documents in this collection are digitally available online at this time.
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