Hearts Ease Grange Chapter Records, 1874-1876

Manuscript Collection #406

Descriptive Summary Click here to collapse or expand the contents in this section of the finding aid

Title: Hearts Ease Grange Chapter Records
Creator: Hearts Ease Grange Chapter
Repository: ECU Manuscript Collection
Languages: English
Abstract: Records (1874-1876) consisting of minutes and bylaws of Hearts Ease Grange.
Extent: 0.055 Cubic feet, 1 volume , 21 cm. x 17 cm., containing minutes and bylaws of Hearts Ease Grange #144.

Administrative Information Click here to collapse or expand the contents in this section of the finding aid

Accessions Information

April 21, 1980, 1 volume; Records (1874-1876) of Hearts Ease Grange #144 of Pitt County, N.C. Gift of the Pitt County Historical Society, Greenville, N.C.

Access Restrictions

No restrictions

Copyright Notice

Literary rights to specific documents are retained by the authors or their descendants in accordance with U.S. copyright law.

Preferred Citation

Hearts Ease Grange Chapter Records (#406), East Carolina Manuscript Collection, J. Y. Joyner Library, East Carolina University, Greenville, North Carolina, USA.

Acquisition Information

  • Gift of Pitt County Historical Society

Processing Information

  • Processed by M. York, December 1980

  • Encoded by Apex Data Services

Biographical / Historical Note Click here to collapse or expand the contents in this section of the finding aid

The creation of Hearts Ease Grange #144 on January 8, 1874, at Magnolia, Swift Creek Township, Pitt County, brought a few Pitt County farmers and their wives into the Granger Movement. The movement had begun with the creation in 1867 of the Patrons of Husbandry. Oliver Hudson Kelley, the founder, helped organize ritualistic orders (mostly in what then was the Northwest) to bring together farmers for the purpose of discussing and studying their problems. Before its decline about 1876, the Granger Movement spurred farmers to organize politically to cause government to regulate railroads and grain elevators. Grangers also became involved in a variety of cooperative enterprises.

Description Click here to collapse or expand the contents in this section of the finding aid

Twenty men and ten women founded the Hearts Ease Grange for the "improvement of the farmer." The organization met regularly (usually one Saturday a month) at least until April 8, 1876. The minutes of these meetings include lists of officers and members, as well as brief description of business transacted. Committee reports, elections of officers, the induction or dismissal of members, the appointment of delegates to meetings, and the collection of dues were among the regular activities of Hearts Ease Grange. Other actions included the collection of $12.70 for the "Louisiana Sufferers" (May 23, 1874), the expulsion of a member for saying the Grange was "nothing" and a "humbug" (Mar. 13, 1875), and the ratification of a committee report regulating the merger of Hearts Ease Grange with Springfield Grange #331 (July 10, 1875).

Bylaws of the organization, penned in the rear of the volume, discuss matters such as elections, dues, committees, fines, officers' duties, and the expulsion of members.

Subject Headings Click here to collapse or expand the contents in this section of the finding aid

Online access to this finding aid is supported with funds created through the federal Library Services and Technology Act (LSTA). These funds come through a grant from the Institute of Museum and Library Services which is administered by the State Library of North Carolina, a division of the North Carolina Department of Cultural Resources. This grant is part of the North Carolina ECHO, Exploring Cultural Heritage Online, Digitization Grant Program.

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This is a finding aid. It is a description of archival material held in the Special Collections Department, J.Y. Joyner Library, East Carolina University. The materials described here are physically available in our reading room. None of the original documents in this collection are digitally available online at this time.
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