January 31, 1977, 319 items; Papers (1917-1953), including military and business correspondence, photographs, reports, citations, clippings, and miscellaneous. Gift of Miss Betty Fort, Washington, D.C.
Literary rights to specific documents are retained by the authors or their descendants in accordance with U.S. copyright law.
George Hudson Fort Papers (#330), East Carolina Manuscript Collection, J. Y. Joyner Library, East Carolina University, Greenville, North Carolina, USA.
World War I correspondence (1917, undated) relates the sinking and capture of the crew of the German submarine U-58 by the U.S.S.
NICHOLSON . Material includes a list of captured prisoners, copies of congratulatory letters, and lists of Americans recommended for British decoration. Related war correspondence comments on the
FANNING'S "dazzle-painting; " duties of destroyer escorts based at Queenstown, Ireland; and a statement of notable engagements with German submarines from July to December, 1917. The statement includes commentary on the actions of ships
WADSWORTH, BENHAM, PARKER, O'BRIEN, DRAMMON, McDOUGAL, CONYNGHAM, FANNING, and
ROWAN. A speech (undated) describes aspects of the submarine's capture and the burial of a drowned German soldier. Newspaper clippings (1917, undated) contain photographs of the capture, and photographs relate to the sinking of the submarine (U-58).
A letter (1925) describes the death of Fort's former roommate at the Naval Academy as a result of a mid-air collision while on flight maneuvers at the Naval Air Station, Hawaii.
Peace-time correspondence (1928-June, 1932) relates to an incident involving Fort as commander of the U.S.S.
BORIE in San Francisco Bay, discussion of gyro-pilots on submarines and their possible value for surface ships (Dec., 1929), activities of the Navy Relief Society (Feb., 1930), the decommissioning of the U.S.S.
PAUL HAMILTON, and the refitting of the U.S.S.
HAMILTON (1930-1931). Letters comment on the cordiality of Portland, Oregon, as a liberty port (June, 1930); Alaskan towns, fishing, and mining industries (Aug., 1930); fuel consumption in Navy ships (Nov., 1930); the unsatisfactory condition of the Navy's enlisted personnel situation (July, 1934); and efforts to gain membership into the Chevy Chase Club (1929-1930).
Business-related correspondence (1928-1930) concerns the estate of Martha C. Fort. Comments also concern stock splits, prices and dividends of AT& T, bonds, exercise of stock-buying rights, and copper stock.
Papers concerning education include comments on the value of Princeton and Dartmouth for non-technical educations (May, 1930) and the means of selecting officers for the Naval Academy class discusses the objectives of the mathematics department, value of math, grading, and athletes and academic standards. Fort's Naval War College papers (1938) consist of a solution to a strategical problem and theses dealing with trends in foreign policy of U.S. in the Pacific, cruiser warfare, and strategical operations related to the battle of Dogger Bank.
World War II correspondence (July-Aug., 1944, undated) concerns operation Stalemate- the Palau Islands invasion headed by Admiral Theodore S. Wilkinson, under whom Fort served as Commander Task Force Thirty-two. Letters contain discussions of operations, the delays of Major General Roy S. Geiger in an attack on Guam, organization of fighter directors, martial shipping near Peleliu, Halsey's attempts to neutralize the Palau Islands, and the utility of heavy flame-throwers in amphtracs. Other war-related records include a Peleliu-Anguar battle report that evaluates the capture of those islands during September and October, 1944. A general narrative relates a step-by-step account of activities. Other parts of the report pertain to chronology of events; damage sustained by ships; lessons learned; personnel performance; task organization; ammunition expenditure; naval and air bombardments; air operations; communications; intelligence reports; and reports ion medical matters, radar, CIC, and casualties. Other World War II material includes a battle action report (Aug. 24, 1942), which describes a Japanese air attack on the U.S.S.
NORTH CAROLINA and the U.S.S.
ENTERPRISE by four planes in the Eastern Solomons. Included are descriptions of bomb hits, count of planes downed, and descriptions of armament used to repel the attack. Other
NORTH CAROLINA -related records include a list of officers and a report of ship-held confidential military publications (Dec., 1942).
A report (Aug., 1934) of an anti-war meeting held in Provincetown, Mass., comments on speakers' views that munitions makers are responsible for wars; "Arms and the Man," an article in
Fortune magazine; an April 6, 1933 students' strike against war; the American League Against War and Fascism; the Marine Workers' Industrial Union; Fascism as related to a San Francisco dock strike; and U.S. preparations for war.
A speech (undated) concerning the unification act of the armed forces comments on the National Security Council, the National Security Resources Board, and the Secretary of National Defense; single-service procurement; administrative value of the joint chiefs of staff; need for U.S. sea hegemony; and U.S. carrier-based aviation strategy, long-distance fleet supply, and amphibious operations. Speeches also deal with early U.S. interest in submarines (undated) and with differences in amphibious operations of the Pacific and European theaters of war. Comments in the latter speech concern the Russell Islands, comparison of ammunition expended at Peleliu and Normandy, and the LSM(R) and its weaponry as an example of special amphibious craft.
Military publications include the U.S.S.
WEST VIRGINIA "The Mountaineer" (Dec., 1933), the U.S.S.
NORTH CAROLINA "Tarheel" (June, 1942), and "The U.S.S.
NORTH CAROLINA Radio Press News" (Aug., 12, 27, 1942), in which an air battle is described.
Command History, Third Amphibious Force (undated) relates the history of the battles of Guadalcanal, Russell Islands, New Georgia, Vella La Vella, Treasury Islands, Bougainville, Green Island, Emirov, Peleliu, Angaur, Ulithi, Leyte, and Lingayen.
PhibsTraPac relates a pictorial story of the training of amphibious forces.
Photographs concern 1948 presidential candidate Harry Truman visiting various Naval installations. Miscellaneous material includes a pamphlet (1956) concerning railroad company executive Jardine Carter Fort. The pamphlet relates genealogical information concerning the Fort family and comments on the Bonnet Carre Spillway cases in Mississippi and various other railroad legal cases. A program of the Military Order of the World Wars is also included.
Oversize material includes a press article (1918) concerning the capture of the U-58, a photograph of the U.S.S.
FANNING (undated), and the "Ramp-Age" (Jan, 1945), a military newsletter.