Sam B. Underwood, Jr., Papers, 1925-1951

Manuscript Collection #305

Descriptive Summary Click here to collapse or expand the contents in this section of the finding aid

Title: Sam B. Underwood, Jr., Papers
Creator: Underwood, Sam B., b. 1911
Repository: ECU Manuscript Collection
Languages: English
Abstract: Papers (1925-1951) consisting of correspondence, legal document, opinions, publications, financial records, tabulation form, speeches, advertising, property listing forms, etc.
Extent: 2.66 Cubic feet, circa 2,500 items, consisting of correspondence, legal documents and opinions, publications, financial records, public records, and miscellaneous.

Administrative Information Click here to collapse or expand the contents in this section of the finding aid

Accessions Information

April 30, 1976, 2500 items, 1 cubic foot; Files concerning Pitt County Hospital (1943-1951), Pitt County United War Fund (1945), and Pitt County Drainage District (1925-1937). Papers (1925-1951) consisting of correspondence, legal document, opinions, publications, financial records, tabulation form, speeches, advertising, property listing forms, etc. Donor: Sam B. Underwood, Jr.

December 5, 1989, (unprocessed addition 1), 1,410 cubic feet; Files (1943-1945) of the United War Fund for Pitt County, N.C. Donor: Mr. Sam B. Underwood, Jr., Greenville, N.C.

November 3, 1998, (unprocessed addition 2), 1 cubic foot; Papers (1915-1982) of Greenville, N.C. attorney, including files on Lord-Warner Pictures, Inc., N.C. Bar Association, Pitt County Commissioners, Pitt County Board of Education, Pitt Drainage Tax bonds, Pitt County Memorial Hospital, and miscellany. Donor: Ms. Ginger Bass.

November 6, 2008, (unprocessed addition 3), 7 items, 0.25 cubic feet; Papers (1945-1949) including Pitt County, North Carolina audits, financial statements, budgets, and correspondence relating to Frank Peaden. See preliminary inventory attached. Donor: Anonymous.

Access Restrictions

No restrictions

Copyright Notice

Literary rights to specific documents are retained by the authors or their descendants in accordance with U.S. copyright law.

Preferred Citation

Sam B. Underwood, Jr., Papers (#305), East Carolina Manuscript Collection, J. Y. Joyner Library, East Carolina University, Greenville, North Carolina, USA.

Acquisition Information

  • Gift of Mr. Sam B. Underwood, Jr.
  • Gift of Ms. Ginger Bass

Processing Information

  • Processed by C. Crews, June 1991

  • Encoded by Apex Data Services


Biographical / Historical Note Click here to collapse or expand the contents in this section of the finding aid

This collection consists of records from the files of Greenville, N.C., attorney, Samuel Bobbitt Underwood, Jr. (b. Feb. 2, 1911). Underwood graduated from Duke University in 1931 and was admitted to the Pitt County Bar in 1937. He served as Pitt County Attorney during the period (1947-1951) in which Pitt County Memorial Hospital (1951-1977) was founded and built, and was chairman of the United War Fund of Pitt County (1944-1945). The collection contains correspondence, legal papers, and financial records concerning Pitt County Memorial Hospital, the United War Fund for Pitt County, N.C., and Pitt County Drainage District No. 2.

Description Click here to collapse or expand the contents in this section of the finding aid

The first part of the collection consists of correspondence, legal documents and opinions, and miscellaneous items relating to the founding, funding, and construction of Pitt County Memorial Hospital (1947-1951). Correspondence and legal records (1947-1950) concern the donation of land by the heirs of Jesse Rountree Moye and the financing of the hospital construction through a county bond issue and aid administered by the North Carolina Medical Care Commission. Included are documents (1948-1951) appointing the Board of Trustees for the hospital, proposing the development of a nursing school, planning a home for nurses, and establishing insurance and bonding requirements. Correspondence chronicles the construction process, including problems on-site and with the contracts, and one letter (Dec. 12, 1948) mentions the hourly wage for unskilled workers.

After completion of the actual construction (Oct. 1950), the focus changes to the formulation of by-laws and purchases of equipment. Copies of proposed by-laws for the hospital, its medical staff, and trustees are included, as are articles discussing guidelines for determining qualifications for staff physicians, and guidelines for avoiding the performance of unnecessary surgery. Bids for construction, equipment, and coal and correspondence (1950) with various contractors give insight into the variety and cost of equipment to furnish the hospital.

Other topics concern the opposition (Mar. 7, 1949) of the Pitt County Board of Commissioners to a proposed change in the method of and increase in the amount of taxation of liquor sales at A.B.C. stores; the hospital's water purifying still (May 27, 1949); a comparison of the quality of tobacco crops in Georgia in 1949 with that of 1948 (Aug. 5, 1949); Pitt County Negro Democratic Club interest in the new hospital (May 6, 1949); the deplorable accommodations for blacks in the present hospital (May 24, 1949); and the operation of the Pitt County Negro Clinic (May 24, 1949).

The second part of this collection concerns the activities of the United War Fund of Pitt Co., the county level of the United War Fund. The United War Fund, established in 1943, at the direction of the President of the United States, combined the fund-raising efforts of all war relief and community service organizations, except the Red Cross. Correspondence, publicity literature, and financial records reflect fund raising campaigns in 1943, 1944, and 1945, and provide insight into the United War Fund from the national, state, county, and township levels.

Descriptions of the activities of the USO, the United Seamen's Service (an organization similar to the USO, serving the Merchant Marine), and War Prisoner's Aid (of the Y.M.C.A.), the major recipients of United War Fund monies, appear in the records of all levels of the United War Fund effort except the township level. Also included are numerous vignettes of the United War Fund's assistance to European and Asian countries, in the aftermath of liberation, through various foreign relief agencies. These agencies are listed on a number of different documents and some of their work is described. A letter from President Harry Truman (1945) stresses the continued need for United War Fund contributions even though the war is over.

At the local level, population and assessed valuation statistics on Pitt County (1942) are included. Donor lists identify special gifts and regular contributors by name and dollar amount given and by township. The use of radio and newspaper publicity is represented by a 1944 listing of WGTC Programming Spots, including one script; 1944 news releases; an advertising brochure for radio station WRRF in Washington, N.C. (1944), listing numbers of families, homes with radios, and different types of stores in its listening area; and notes on Daily Reflector advertising costs (1944). Also included is literature (1945) reflecting tax advantages for contributions.

Of particular interest is the manner in which segregation affects such a fund drive. Since much emphasis was placed on solicitation through the schools, lists (1944-1946) of both Greenville and Pitt County school teachers, segregated by race, are included. Each township had both a white and a black chairman (1943) and special arrangements were suggested for the handling of Negro tobacco workers' solicitation (1944). The Chicod (School) Township records include separate lists of white and black workers (1943).

The final portion of the collection consists of the assessment rolls for Pitt County Drainage District No. 2, listing property owners by name, the number of acres each owned, and their total tax for the years 1925-1937. A decline in tax value is documented as the depression deepens.

The oversize folder contains a 1949 bid tabulation form (no figures given), a listing of outstanding bonds (1949), a notice for bond sales (1950), and a sketch (1950) of a bronze tablet for Pitt County Memorial Hospital. Other items include worksheets, spreadsheets, and advertising information concerning the United War Fund, and 1931 property listing forms.

Subject Headings Click here to collapse or expand the contents in this section of the finding aid

Card Catalog Entries Click here to collapse or expand the contents in this section of the finding aid

The following terms have been used to index the description of this collection in the Reading Room's card catalog. This system is no longer maintained, but it is left in place to help on-site researchers locate particular topics in the collection.

Geographic Entry :

  • North Carolina, Pitt County

Autograph Entries :

  • Broughton, J[oseph] M[elville] 1945
  • McLendon, L[ennox] P[olk] (4) 1944-1945
  • Truman, Harry 1945

Subject Entries :

  • AGRICULTURE— Tobacco— Georgia— 1949
  • BOND ISSUES— Pitt Co., N.C.— 1947
  • BUILDING AND ARCHITECTURE— Hospitals— Pitt Co., N.C.
  • BUSINESS AND COMMERCE— Coal— 1950
  • COMMUNICATION— Radio— 1944
  • ECONOMY— 20th Century
  • EDUCATION— PUBLIC SCHOOLS— Pitt Co., N.C.
  • GREENVILLE, N.C.— Hospitals— Pitt Co., N.C.
  • HEALTH AND MEDICINE— Hospitals— Pitt Co., N.C.
  • HEALTH AND MEDICINE— Negroes— 1949
  • HEALTH AND MEDICINE— Nurses and Nursing— Pitt Co., N.C.
  • INSURANCE— Pitt Co., N.C.— 20th Century
  • JOURNALISM— Newspapers— Greenville, N.C.
  • LABOR— Wages— Pitt Co., N.C.
  • LAW AND LAWYERS— Pitt Co., N.C.— 20th Century
  • NEGROES— Hospitals— Greenville, N.C.— 1949
  • NEGROES— Military Service— 1945
  • ORGANIZATIONS— United War Fund
  • PITT CO., N.C.— Bond Issues— 1947
  • PITT CO., N.C.— Hospitals
  • PITT CO., N.C.— Politics and Government— 1947
  • SEGREGATION— Pitt Co., N.C.— 1940s
  • TAXATION— Charities— 1945
  • TAXATION— Liquors— 1949
  • TAXATION— Pitt Co., N.C.— 20th Century
  • U.S.— MILITARY— Organizations— United Services Organization
  • VITAL STATISTICS— Pitt Co., N.C.— 1942
  • WAR— WORLD WAR II— Aftermath
  • WAR— WORLD WAR II— Charities— United War Fund
  • WAR— WORLD WAR II— Homefront— Pitt Co., N.C.
  • WAR— WORLD WAR II— Merchant Marine— United Seamen's Service
  • WAR— WORLD WAR II— Organizations— Young Men's Christian Association

Genealogy Entry :

  • MOYE FAMILY— Pitt Co., N.C.

Date Entries :

  • 1925-1929
  • 1930-1937
  • 1943-1949
  • 1950-1951

Container List Click here to collapse or expand the contents in this section of the finding aid

  • Box 1#0305.1
    • Folder a#0305.1.a
      Pitt County Memorial Hospital Moye Land Correspondence & Legal Papers 1948 - 1951
    • Folder b#0305.1.b
      Pitt County Memorial Hospital Bond Issue & Trustees Appt. Correspondence, Legal papers, Etc. 1947 - 1948
    • Folder c#0305.1.c
      Pitt County Memorial Hospital Bond Issue & Trustees Appt. Correspondence, Legal papers, Etc. 1949
    • Folder d#0305.1.d
      Pitt County Memorial Hospital Bond Issue Correspondence, Legal papers, Etc. 1950 - 1951
    • Folder e#0305.1.e
      Pitt County Memorial Hospital Architects and Contractors Correspondence and Legal papers 1948 - June 1950
    • Folder f#0305.1.f
      Pitt County Memorial Hospital Architects and Contractors Correspondence and Legal papers July 1950 - 1951
  • Box 3#0305.3
    • Folder a#0305.3.a
      United War fund of Pitt County National War Fund Literature
    • Folder b#0305.3.b
      United War fund of Pitt County United war Fund of North Carolina Correspondence & Literature, 1943 - 1944
    • Folder c#0305.3.c
      Untied War Fund of Pitt County United War Fund of North Carolina Correspondence and Literature 1945
    • Folder d#0305.3.d
      United War fund of Pitt County Correspondence and Financial Records 1943 - 1945
    • Folder e#0305.3.e
      United War Fund of Pitt County Minutes 1943 - 1945
    • Folder f#0305.3.f
      United War Fund of Pitt County Publicity Files 1944 - 1945
    • Folder g#0305.3.g
      United war Fund of Pitt County Special Gifts Committee Correspondence and Financial Records 1944 - 1945
Box 7#0305.7
Pitt County Drainage District No. 2 (1925 - 1937): Assessment Rolls Numbered 13
Oversize Folder os1#0305.os1
Pitt County Memorial Hospital: Bid Tabulations (1949), Notice of Sale of Bonds (1950), and Listing of Bonds (1949), Sketch of Bronze Tablet Design (1950); United War Fund: Worksheets, Advertising Information, Spreadsheets; 1931 Property Listing Forms

Online access to this finding aid is supported with funds created through the federal Library Services and Technology Act (LSTA). These funds come through a grant from the Institute of Museum and Library Services which is administered by the State Library of North Carolina, a division of the North Carolina Department of Cultural Resources. This grant is part of the North Carolina ECHO, Exploring Cultural Heritage Online, Digitization Grant Program.

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This is a finding aid. It is a description of archival material held in the Special Collections Department, J.Y. Joyner Library, East Carolina University. The materials described here are physically available in our reading room. None of the original documents in this collection are digitally available online at this time.
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