William L. Horner Collection: Gooding Family Papers, 1799-1897, 1913

Manuscript Collection #265-002

Descriptive Summary Click here to collapse or expand the contents in this section of the finding aid

Title: William L. Horner Collection: Gooding Family Papers
Creator: Gooding family
Repository: ECU Manuscript Collection
Languages: English
Abstract: Collection (1799-1897, 1913) including correspondence, 1835-1897, 1913, and financial records, 1799-1894, of New Bern, NC merchant, whose store was used by Union troops, and who was appointed Superintendent of Poor Whites for Craven County, NC.
Extent: 0.87 Cubic feet, circa 1000 items , correspondence (1835-1897, 1913) and financial records (1799-1894).

Administrative Information Click here to collapse or expand the contents in this section of the finding aid

Accessions Information

May 13, 1977, ca. 1,000 items; Papers (1820-1896) of New Bern, N.C., merchant. Gift of William L. Horner, Kinston, N.C. One hundred items are copies of material in the possession of Mr. Horner.

Access Restrictions

No restrictions

Copyright Notice

Literary rights to specific documents are retained by the authors or their descendants in accordance with U.S. copyright law.

Preferred Citation

William L. Horner Collection: Gooding Family Papers (#265-002), East Carolina Manuscript Collection, J. Y. Joyner Library, East Carolina University, Greenville, North Carolina, USA.

Acquisition Information

  • Gift of William L. Horner

Processing Information

  • Processed by M. Quintanilla, February 1987

  • Encoded by Apex Data Services

Biographical / Historical Note Click here to collapse or expand the contents in this section of the finding aid

Jacob Gooding was a nineteenth century merchant of New Bern, N.C. During the Civil War, when New Bern was occupied by Union Forces, his store on Craven Street was utilized by the Union government, and Gooding was appointed superintendent of Poor Whites for Craven County. Evidence indicates that Gooding supported the Confederacy while dealing with the U.S.

Description Click here to collapse or expand the contents in this section of the finding aid

Early correspondence (1835-1873) is primarily of a financial nature and is concerned with both the Gooding family and their business affairs. Some letters describe the spread of influenza (1842) and whooping cough (1845). Letters (1846) from Nathan Gooding and others describe the Episcopal Seminary of Valle Crucis in western North Carolina, including the location and community surrounding the school, its physical structure, and the daily routine. A hand-drawn diagram of its physical layout is also included.

The bulk of the correspondence concerns the Confederacy and troop maneuvers in western Virginia, eastern North Carolina, and Georgia. Letters from western Virginia (1861) comment on the movement of Confederate and Union armies in the Shenandoah Valley area of western Virginia. Other letters reveal the disillusionment of soldiers over hardships and bad weather, the beauty of the Shenandoah Valley, the receipt of provisions from home, various camp life experiences, and the death of the correspondent.

Letters from eastern North Carolina describe the movement of Confederate troops in the eastern section of the state, as well as the occupation and administration of New Bern by Union forces. Letters from Edward Stanley reflect his dealings with Gooding. One Confederate letter (1863) describes the New Bern Campaign of 1863, while others (1864) reflect the movement of Confederate troops around New Bern and Craven County. Other letters (1863-1864) concern the desertion of Confederate soldiers; duty at Fort Holmes on the Cape Fear, Plymouth, and Kinston; visits to Wilmington; the Union attack on a blockade runner and the capture of its crew; and the administration of the region under Union occupation. Additional comments (1864) reflect interest in the Holden-Vance N.C. gubernatorial election, the McClellan-Lincoln presidential contest, and the prospects of a Confederate victory at Richmond.

Letters (1864-1865) from Georgia concern the advance of Union forces under General William T. Sherman during his famous "March to the Sea" .These letters mention the Union Army's attack on Atlanta and the desperate condition of the Confederacy as it attempted to replenish the ranks of the Confederate Army. Other letters describe Sherman's progress across Georgia. Later letters mention the retreat of Confederate troops to Charleston and the demoralization of the civilian population of Savannah as the Confederate troops passed through the city.

Other letters (1865) describe the final days of the Confederate heartland as Sherman began his Carolina Campaign of 1865. These letters testify to the scarcity of goods in Wilmington, the landing of more Union troops at New Bern, the advancement of Union forces toward Charlotte, and the expected attack on Confederate positions at Kinston and Goldsboro.

The remaining correspondence chiefly concerns the family business in New Bern and the beginning of their pharmaceutical business. One letter (1891) describes the spread of typhoid in New Bern.

A file of Civil War records includes a list of colored men on board the U.S. steamer COSSACK, a safeguard granted to Jacob Gooding by the military government at New Bern, a travel permit for H. Whitehurst, a list of soldiers issued supplies (1864), and a copy of "The Proclamation made by the Union Government at New Bern" sometime after the U.S. occupation of the city.

A file of legal records (1800-1893, undated) includes documents concerning marriage, runaway slaves, R. J. Gooding's will, and the Gooding business. Land records (1833-1888) describe the purchase and sale of land by the Gooding family.

The remaining material is composed almost entirely of financial records (1799-1894), including promissory notes, account ledgers, sale inventories, a list of taxable property, and purchase receipts. Financial records indicate that R. J. Gooding, from his base in New Bern, was able to import goods from the North and sell them in the Union occupied section of North Carolina. A legal record (Feb. 2, 1863) suggests that Gooding was sympathetic to the Confederate cause and that he materially contributed to the Confederacy by trading with them.

Oversize materials include financial records (1832-1837, 1893), advertisements, drug labels, and a sign language chart.

Related Collections Click here to collapse or expand the contents in this section of the finding aid

Subject Headings Click here to collapse or expand the contents in this section of the finding aid

Card Catalog Entries Click here to collapse or expand the contents in this section of the finding aid

The following terms have been used to index the description of this collection in the Reading Room's card catalog. This system is no longer maintained, but it is left in place to help on-site researchers locate particular topics in the collection.

Geographic Entry :

  • North Carolina, New Bern

Autograph Entry :

  • Stanly, Edward (7) 1862-1863

Subject Entries :

  • BUSINESS AND COMMERCE— New Bern, N.C.— 1799-1897
  • EDUCATION— PRIVATE SCHOOLS— Valle Crucis— 1846
  • EDUCATION— Religion— Valle Crucis— 1846
  • HEALTH AND MEDICINE— Drugstores— 1863-1897
  • HEALTH AND MEDICINE— Diseases— Grippe— 1842
  • HEALTH AND MEDICINE— Diseases— Typhoid Fever— 1891
  • HEALTH AND MEDICINE— Diseases— Whooping Cough— 1845
  • POLITICS— Civil War
  • SLAVERY— Fugitive Slaves— Craven Co., N.C.
  • U.S.— MILITARY— Navy— Ships— U.S. Steamer COSSACK
  • WAR— CIVIL— Campaigns— 1862-1865
  • WAR— CIVIL— Campaigns— New Bern Campaign, 1863
  • WAR— CIVIL— Campaigns— Sherman's March, 1865
  • WAR— CIVIL— Campaigns— Shenandoah Valley, 1861
  • WAR— CIVIL— Forts— Fort Holmes
  • WAR— CIVIL— New Bern, N.C.

Genealogy Entry :

  • GOODING FAMILY— North Carolina

Date Entries :

  • 1830-1839
  • 1840-1849
  • 1850-1859
  • 1860-1869
  • 1870-1879
  • 1880-1889
  • 1890-1897

Container List Click here to collapse or expand the contents in this section of the finding aid

Box 4#0265-002.4
Financial Records, 1799-1847
Box 5#0265-002.5
Financial Records, 1848-1894
Oversize Folder os1#0265-002.os1
Financial Records, 1832-1837, 1893; Miscellaneous Items

Online access to this finding aid is supported with funds created through the federal Library Services and Technology Act (LSTA). These funds come through a grant from the Institute of Museum and Library Services which is administered by the State Library of North Carolina, a division of the North Carolina Department of Cultural Resources. This grant is part of the North Carolina ECHO, Exploring Cultural Heritage Online, Digitization Grant Program.

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This is a finding aid. It is a description of archival material held in the Special Collections Department, J.Y. Joyner Library, East Carolina University. The materials described here are physically available in our reading room. None of the original documents in this collection are digitally available online at this time.
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