Martin Smith Grant Collection, 1860-1862

Manuscript Collection #73

Descriptive Summary Click here to collapse or expand the contents in this section of the finding aid

Title: Martin Smith Grant Collection
Creator: Grant, Martin Smith
Repository: ECU Manuscript Collection
Languages: English
Abstract: Collection (1860-1862) including diary, news reports, notes on troop movements, personal experiences relating to friend.
Extent: 0.044 Cubic feet, 1 item , diary (Nov., 1860 - Feb., 1862).

Administrative Information Click here to collapse or expand the contents in this section of the finding aid

Accessions Information

December 3, 1968, 1 volume; Diary of Ada Amelia Costin. Gift of Mrs. Richard O. Grant, Wilmington, N.C.

Access Restrictions

No restrictions

Copyright Notice

Literary rights to specific documents are retained by the authors or their descendants in accordance with U.S. copyright law.

Preferred Citation

Martin Smith Grant Collection (#73), East Carolina Manuscript Collection, J. Y. Joyner Library, East Carolina University, Greenville, North Carolina, USA.

Acquisition Information

  • Gift of Mrs. Richard O. Grant

Processing Information

  • Processed by D. Lennon

  • Encoded by Apex Data Services

Biographical / Historical Note Click here to collapse or expand the contents in this section of the finding aid

The collection consists of a diary (1860-1862) prepared by thirteen-year-old Ada Amelia Costin (June 19, 1847-October 23, 1928) of Wilmington, N.C., daughter of John William and Charlotte Whitehead Costin.

Description Click here to collapse or expand the contents in this section of the finding aid

It was written as a school exercise in composition and deals primarily with lessons, weather, and short newspaper reports.

Significant news reports include notice of the militia organization in Wilmington, the siege at Fort Sumter, sightings of Union military vessels at Charleston and Savannah harbors, and the taking of a Confederate prize off Cape Hatteras. There are numerous notes on troop movements through Wilmington, including one in which an attempted escape by a Zouave is stopped with a bayonet and another in which plans are made to guard prisoners at the hospital. In addition, there are short notes concerning battles and skirmishes at Fairfax Courthouse, along the Potomac, at Leesburg, Virginia, and at Hatteras and Newport, N.C. Mention is made of an attempted sabotage of the Wilmington-Weldon Railroad, smuggling of pistols into Kentucky inside hoop skirts of Confederate ladies, and the proposal that Southern soldiers have a large metal "S" on their uniforms as means of identification.

References are made to speeches given by Jefferson Davis and Alexander Stephens in Wilmington during this period. One personal experience Miss Costin relates is that of a friend, a cotton merchant, who received cotton planted by Georgia slaves for pocket money and had requested that half the profit be used "against Yankee abolitionists." Mention is also made of the arrest and release of Confederate agents Slidell and Mason.

Subject Headings Click here to collapse or expand the contents in this section of the finding aid

Online access to this finding aid is supported with funds created through the federal Library Services and Technology Act (LSTA). These funds come through a grant from the Institute of Museum and Library Services which is administered by the State Library of North Carolina, a division of the North Carolina Department of Cultural Resources. This grant is part of the North Carolina ECHO, Exploring Cultural Heritage Online, Digitization Grant Program.

What is this page? Click here to learn more abou this webpage
This is a finding aid. It is a description of archival material held in the Special Collections Department, J.Y. Joyner Library, East Carolina University. The materials described here are physically available in our reading room. None of the original documents in this collection are digitally available online at this time.
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