Edward Merritt McEachern, Jr., Collection, 1794-1951, 1971, undated

Manuscript Collection #25

Descriptive Summary Click here to collapse or expand the contents in this section of the finding aid

Title: Edward Merritt McEachern, Jr., Collection
Creator: McEachern, Edward Merritt
Repository: ECU Manuscript Collection
Languages: English
Abstract: Collection (1794-1951, 1971, undated) including correspondence, deeds, statements, promissory notes, will, inventories, legal papers; poems, clippings, photographs, etc. relating to the Banks and Stacey families.
Extent: 0.65 Cubic feet, 283 items , including correspondence; deeds, statements, promissory notes, will, inventories, and other legal papers; poems; clippings; photographs; pamphlets; certificates; and miscellaneous items.

Administrative Information Click here to collapse or expand the contents in this section of the finding aid

Accessions Information

October 2, 1967; Papers of the Banks, Sadtler, and Stacey families of Pennsylvania and Maryland, and of Houston B. Hiatt of North Carolina, who married a descendant of the Banks-Sadtler families. Papers include correspondence, deeds, statements, a will, other legal papers, poems, clippings, photographs, pamphlets, certificates, and miscellaneous items. Given September 2, 1967, by Mr. Edward Merritt McEachern, Jr., Winston Salem, N.C., and Mrs. E. M. McEachern, Sr., Wilmington, N.C.

February 28, 1972; Letters (1941-1946). Gift of Mrs. E. M. McEachern, Sr., Wilmington, N.C.

Access Restrictions

No restrictions

Copyright Notice

Literary rights to specific documents are retained by the authors or their descendants in accordance with U.S. copyright law.

Preferred Citation

Edward Merritt McEachern, Jr., Collection (#25), East Carolina Manuscript Collection, J. Y. Joyner Library, East Carolina University, Greenville, North Carolina, USA.

Acquisition Information

  • Gift of Mr. Edward Merritt McEachern, Jr.
  • Gift of Mrs. E. M. McEachern, Sr.

Processing Information

  • Processed by D. Lennon; M. Elmore, January 1980

  • Encoded by Apex Data Services

Biographical / Historical Note Click here to collapse or expand the contents in this section of the finding aid

Edward M. McEachern, Jr., is a direct descendant of Houston B. Hiatt and of the Banks and Sadtler families of Pennsylvania and Maryland. The patriarch of the Banks family, Judge Thaddeus Banks of Hollidaysburg, Pennsylvania, was father of Delia Cromwell Banks, who married George Washington Sadtler of Baltimore. Sadtler's grandfather, John Phillip Benjamin Sadtler, immigrated from Germany in 1798 and established a leading Baltimore optical and jewelry firm. Kathleen C. Sadtler, daughter of Delia and George W. Sadtler, married Houston B. Hiatt and their daughter, Leora, became Mrs. Edward M. McEachern. For more detailed genealogical information see chart accompanying this description.

Description Click here to collapse or expand the contents in this section of the finding aid

Correspondence of the Banks-Sadtler-Stacey families covers the period from 1835 through 1925 and constitutes one of the most significant divisions of the collection. A letter (1835) from John C. Reynolds describes Charleston, S.C., including the burning of the Carolina Hotel, the necessity of guarding against slave uprisings while fighting fire, an all-night party, and the difficulties of overland travel between Charleston and Jacksonville, Florida; ship difficulties off Cape Hatteras, N.C.; and an Indian uprising in Florida. An 1836 letter from the same source gives a detailed account of preparations being made at Fort Brooke [Tampa], Florida, to pursue and attack Indian renegades operating in that state.

Other significant correspondence of the period tells of severe blizzards during the winters of 1780 and 1807-1808 (1842); news of the defeat of local Whig candidates in Hollidaysburg, PA (1849); accounts of presidential election returns for Pennsylvania, Ohio, and Indiana (1852); the death of Daniel Webster (1852); the Kansas statehood issue, and the position of Stephen A. Douglas with regard to Kansas (1857); and political divisions in the Pennsylvania legislature (1862). One letter of particular note tells of Judge Thaddeus Banks' effort to have his only son released from the army. Banks tells of receiving no satisfaction from lesser officials who eventually referred him to President Lincoln. After a brief interview, the president complied with his request and ordered Cecil Banks discharged (1864).

More recent correspondence tells of storm devastation in Pennsylvania and the deaths resulting from the failure of a dam (1889); social life in New York, with emphasis on the opera (1889); a hurricane in Puerto Rico and the earthquakes, rains, and floods which accompanied it (1889); the attack by rebels upon the town of Jagna on Bohol Island in the Philippines (1901), and the fighting which continued there against the rebels (1903); and the appearance of Jenny Lind in Hollidaysburg (undated). A letter from May B. Stacey at Camp Thomas, Arizona, tells of fears of Indian uprisings and excitement caused at night by frustrated Mexican horse thieves (undated, ca. 1878). Also included are a large number of personal letters telling of love affairs, weddings, deaths, and family genealogy.

Miscellaneous Banks papers include a statement concerning the importation of slaves into Kentucky (1794), an advertisement for the sale of a plantation in Delaware (1799), a report of absentees from a Baltimore militia company (1817), estates papers, deeds, a list of wedding gifts, and poems. Also of interest are pictures and clippings concerning various members of the Banks-Sadtler-Stacey family. There are several pictures and articles relating to the stage career of Delia Stacey and her marriage to Charles Burchell. Of equal interest are articles concerning the activities of Col. and Mrs. May Stacey in Arizona (ca. 1878) and of their son, Cromwell Stacey, in the Philippines. Other articles concern family history and the activities of various family members.

The papers of Dr. Houston B. Hiatt make up a second distinct group within the collection. Most of the correspondence is of a routine nature and concerns personal family matters, medical activities, or military service. One letter of particular interest is written from Cuba and gives the author's views on World War II and the part the U.S. should play in the conflict (April 1941).

Business and legal papers belonging to Dr. Houston B. Hiatt include promissory notes, inventories of stock for J.R. Hiatt and Company (1910), deeds, estate papers, the will of Houston B. Hiatt (1934), and miscellaneous material.

During 1916-1917, Hiatt served on active duty from the North Carolina National Guard, and the collection contains military orders, vouchers, and payroll records relating to his service at Camp Glenn, N.C., and Camp Stewart, Texas. A photograph album and a collection of loose snapshots show Hiatt and his associates at the field hospitals at Morehead City, N.C., and at El Paso, Texas, during his Mexican border assignment.

The collection contains a number of medical pamphlets written by Dr. Hiatt. Titles include Read by Title Before the North Carolina Society for the Prevention of Tuberculosis (1911), Preventive Medicine (1911), Appendicitis in Childhood (1930), and Notes on Cases of Sprue Invalided from the Tropics; Will it Become Endemic Here?, co-authored with W.A. Allen (1914).

Miscellaneous items include a list of the surgeons for Southern Railway System, a preliminary program for the Tri-State Medical Society (1912), copies of the High Point Enterprise, (April 21 and 28, 1922), poems, religious writings, an account of expenses at the University of North Carolina (1902-1903), material concerning H.B. Hiatt, Jr.'s activities at Oak Ridge Military Academy (1927-1929) and clippings concerning his death (1929), and the obituary of Houston B. Hiatt, Sr. (1941). The oversize folder contains a copy of The Freeman's Journal & Philadelphia Advertiser (Jan. 5, 1808) and a photograph of Delia Banks Stacey (1893).

The addition to the Edward Merritt McEachern, Jr., Papers contains letters written by several men serving in the armed forces during World War II. The letters were written to Mr. and Mrs. Edward Merritt McEachern, Sr., while they lived in Southport and Charlotte, N.C.

The majority of letters were written by Sgt. John N. Stanley, Jr., of the U.S. Army and Major Donald B. Hubbard of the U.S. Marine Corps. In 1942 Sgt. Stanley took basic training at Fort Leonard Wood in Missouri. In 1942 and 1943 he was stationed at the Air Base at Meridian, Mississippi, as part of the 727th Engineer's Railway Battalion. Letters from 1942 and early 1943 describe aspects of basic training and describe the job of boilermaker. By March of 1943 Sgt. Stanley was stationed in Algeria and his letters from then through July describe native scenes, the effect of American soldiers on the natives, and repairing French locomotives. He spent the remainder of 1943 in Sicily and in Italy. By October of 1944 Sgt. Stanley was living in Lyon, France, where he remained into 1945.

Major Hubbard was stationed in Guam in 1943 and 1944. His letters comment on Eleanor Roosevelt's visit to his base, his feelings towards strikers, the climate in Guam and its resultant problems, a Christmas Day celebration while stationed with the Marines overseas, and his frustration over not having seen his son.

Other correspondents include Pvt. William Duncan who describes the discomforts of bivouacking at Rembert, S.C., in 1943 to build an auxiliary airfield, and Sgt. Harry Bauduin of the Royal Netherlands Navy who describes Malacca in 1946. Mrs. John N. Stanley, Jr., wrote a letter in 1942 (?) in which she comments on the hosiery mills strike by boarders in High Point, N.C. (?). A final letter written in 1971 by Mrs. Edward M. McEachern tells how she and her husband knew the correspondents, and what the correspondents were doing in 1971. It also mentions that a contingent of Dutch Marines was sent to Camp Davis, N.C., for training shortly after World War II and tells what criteria was used to determine the members of the contingent.

Miscellaneous materials include a 1943 photograph of Major Hubbard and an undated post card of an aerial view of Camp Beauregard in Louisiana.

Additional family papers are located in the Southern Historical Collection, University of North Carolina, Chapel Hill, N.C.

Subject Headings Click here to collapse or expand the contents in this section of the finding aid

Card Catalog Entries Click here to collapse or expand the contents in this section of the finding aid

The following terms have been used to index the description of this collection in the Reading Room's card catalog. This system is no longer maintained, but it is left in place to help on-site researchers locate particular topics in the collection.

Geographic Entries :

  • Maryland
  • North Carolina, High Point
  • Pennsylvania

Autograph Entries :

  • Bigler, W[illia]m 1857
  • Black, J[eremiah] S[ullivan] 1877
  • Friedenwald, Julius (2) 1914
  • Graham, Edward K[idder] 1914
  • La Garde, Louis A[natole] 1918

Subject Entries :

  • ALGERIA--World War II
  • BELGIUM--1871
  • DISASTERS--Fires
  • DISASTERS--Hurricanes
  • DISASTERS--Storms
  • GUAM--World War II
  • HEALTH AND MEDICINE--Publications
  • HEALTH AND MEDICINE--Sanatoriums--Keeley Institute
  • HOTELS, INNS, AND TAVERNS--South Carolina
  • LABOR--Strikes--World War II
  • MEXICO--Foreign Relations--U.S.--1912-1919
  • POLITICS--Whig Party
  • SICILY--World War II
  • SOCIAL LIFE AND CUSTOMS--Holidays--Christmas
  • TRANSPORTATION--Railroads--Algeria
  • U.S.--MILITARY--Army--Camp Life
  • U.S.--MILITARY--Army--Camp Life--1943
  • U.S.--MILITARY--Army--Training--1942
  • U.S.--MILITARY--Army--Units--727th Engineer's Railway Battalion--1942-1943
  • WAR--CIVIL--Public Opinion
  • WAR--WORLD WAR II--Algeria
  • WAR--WORLD WAR II--Camp Life--Guam
  • WAR--WORLD WAR II--Sicily
  • WAR--WORLD WAR II--Training
  • WEATHER--Blizzards

Genealogy Entries :

  • BANKS FAMILY--Pennsylvania, South Carolina
  • DORSEY FAMILY--Ohio, Maryland
  • HIATT FAMILY--High Point, N.C.
  • NELSON FAMILY--Columbus, Ohio; Pennsylvania
  • SADTLER FAMILY--Maryland

Pamphlet Entry :

Author Entry
  • Hiatt, Dr. Houston B.
    • Read by Title Before the North Carolina Society for the Prevention of Tuberculosis (1911)
    • Preventive Medicine (1911)
    • Appendicitis in Childhood (1930)
    • Notes on Cases of Sprue Invalided From the Tropics: Will It Become Endemic Here? (1914)

Newspaper Entries:

High Point, N.C.
  • High Point Enterprise
    • April 21, 28, 1922
Pennsylvania, Philadelphia
  • The Freeman's Journal & Philadelphia Advertiser
    • January 5, 1808

Date Entries :

  • 1830-1839
  • 1840-1849
  • 1850-1859
  • 1860-1869
  • 1880-1889
  • 1910-1919
  • 1942-1945

Images below are listed alphabetically by subject. This list reflects only those portions of the collection for which negatives have been prepared.

HEALTH AND MEDICINE--Hospitals--Keeley Institute
Description: "Disgusted and Ashamed of Myself, I Concluded to turn Over a New Leaf"
Call Number: card-25.2.c

Description: Unloading field hospital wagon
Date: 1916-17
Call Number: p-25/62(741)

Description: North Carolina Mounted Unit
Location: Texas
Date: 1916-17
Call Number: p-25/3

HEALTH AND MEDICINE--Veterinary Science
Description: Doctoring a sick horse
Location: Morehead City, NC
Date: 1916-17
Call Number: p-25/64(742)

Description: Calvary camp
Location: Mexico
Date: 1916-17
Call Number: p-25/63(740)

Description: Unloading field hospital wagon
Date: 1916-17
Call Number: p-25/62(741)

MILITIA--National Guard
Description: North Carolina Mounted Unit
Location: Texas
Date: 1916-17
Call Number: p-25/3

MILITIA--Veterinary Science
Description: Doctoring a sick horse
Location: Morehead City, NC
Date: 1916-17
Call Number: p-25/64(742)

SOCIAL LIFE AND CUSTOMS--Entertainment p- p-Cantina
Description: Mexican Quarter, 26 Calvert St.
Location: Texas-El Paso
Date: 1916-17
Call Number: p-25/86(743)

TEXAS--EL PASO--Business District
Description: San Antonio Street view
Location: Texas-El Paso
Date: 1916-17
Call Number: p-25/17

Container List Click here to collapse or expand the contents in this section of the finding aid

Oversize Folder os1#0025.os1
Photograph of Delia Banks Stacey, 1893
Oversize Folder os2#0025.os2
Philadelphia Newspaper, 1808

Preliminary Inventory Click here to collapse or expand the contents in this section of the finding aid

Below is material taken from a preliminary inventory and represents content from the collection that is unprocessed.

The Big Snow of March 1980, House in Greenville, NC. # 14. 1 item. 1 p. Ca. 3/3/1980

Online access to this finding aid is supported with funds created through the federal Library Services and Technology Act (LSTA). These funds come through a grant from the Institute of Museum and Library Services which is administered by the State Library of North Carolina, a division of the North Carolina Department of Cultural Resources. This grant is part of the North Carolina ECHO, Exploring Cultural Heritage Online, Digitization Grant Program.

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