|Title:||John Henderson Turner Oral History Interview|
Lennon, Donald R.
Turner, John Henderson
|Repository:||ECU Manuscript Collection|
|Extent:||0.01 Cubic feet, 2 audiocasettes, 2 hours, 33 pages.|
Repository does not own copyright to the oral history collection. Permission to cite, reproduce, or broadcast must be obtained from both the repository and the participants in the oral history, or their heirs.
John Henderson Turner Oral History Interview (#OH0010), East Carolina Manuscript Collection, J. Y. Joyner Library, East Carolina University, Greenville, North Carolina, USA.
Processed by M. Elmore, June 1979
Encoded by Apex Data Services
Captain Turner was graduated from the Naval Academy in 1936 and attended submarine school in 1938. He served aboard the submarines U.S.S. SCULPIN (late 1938-1943) and the U.S.S. RAY (1943) in the South Pacific and commanded the U.S.S. SEAL in 1944 in the Kurile Islands. In March of 1945 Captain Turner reported to Manitowoc, Wisconsin, to command a new submarine which he sailed around the Great Lakes after World War II's end in August, 1945. Captain Turner commanded the U.S.S. BOARFISH in the late 1940s and worked for the Political Military Affairs division of the Office of Chief of Naval Operations in the 1950s.
Main topics of discussion pertaining to World War II submarines are the sinking of the U.S.S. SQUALUS in Portsmouth, New Hampshire, in 1938 due to a faulty valve; problems with the magnetic exploders and the firing pins of torpedoes; tactics of sighting, approaching, and hitting a target; watch duty; use of wolfpacks and of appointed "moving zones" ; and techniques for photographing shorelines. Other interesting subjects included are the building of World War II submarines in Manitowoc, Wisconsin, and sending them down the Mississippi River and through the Panama Canal to the South Pacific; a detailed description of the first sinking of a Japanese ship by the U.S.S. SCULPIN; preparing the U.S.S. BOARFISH to be turned over to the Turkish Navy in 1948; and congressionalpressures put on Captain Turner, when he was working for the office of the Chief of Naval Operations, concerning the Arab-Israeli conflict and the Union of South Africa.
Online access to this finding aid is supported with funds created through the federal Library Services and Technology Act (LSTA). These funds come through a grant from the Institute of Museum and Library Services which is administered by the State Library of North Carolina, a division of the North Carolina Department of Cultural Resources. This grant is part of the North Carolina ECHO, Exploring Cultural Heritage Online, Digitization Grant Program.