Andrew A. Best Papers

1914-2020, undated
Laupus Library Manuscript Collection, LL02.13
W.E. Laupus Health Sciences Library; Best, Andrew A., 1916-2005
Physical description
4.248 Cubic Feet
Preferred Citation
Andrew A. Best Papers (LL 02.13), The William E. Laupus Health Sciences Library, East Carolina University, Greenville, North Carolina, USA.
Laupus Library History Collections
No restrictions

The collection includes photographs, correspondence, booklets, and other mixed materials from Dr. Andrew Best's military service, medical career, civic work, and personal life.

Biographical/historical information

Dr. Andrew Arthur Best was born on 1916 November 26 in Lenoir County, North Carolina to Lewis W. and Cassie (Dawson) Best. In 1936, he graduated from Kinston's Adkin High School and began his college career at North Carolina Agricultural and Technical State University (North Carolina A&T) in 1940. While at North Carolina A&T, he joined the Advanced ROTC and planned to join the U.S. Army after graduation. Instead, he was drafted into the U.S. Army on April 30, 1943 and served in the Fifth Army during World War II. In 1946, he returned to North Carolina A&T and graduated with a degree in agriculture in 1947. He completed his Doctor of Medicine at Meharry Medical College in Nashville, Tennessee in 1951. Dr. Best established his medical practice in Greenville, NC in 1954.

Throughout his career, Dr. Best served the humanitarian needs of the area, encouraging African American students to enroll at East Carolina University and bringing highly qualified African American faculty and staff to the University. Dr. Best helped orchestrate the desegregation of East Carolina College, the Greenville business community, and Pitt County Memorial Hospital (previously Vidant Medical Center, now ECU Health). Best was awarded many honors, including appointment to the University of North Carolina Board of Governors in 1971 and to the East Carolina Board of Trustees in 1973. During his tenure on the Board, he worked with Chancellor Leo Jenkins and others to lobby the state legislature for the creation of a medical school at East Carolina University. In his capacity as a Trustee, he served on the 1974-75 search committee for the first Dean of the ECU School of Medicine and the committee eventually hired Dr. William E. Laupus. He also recieved North Carolina's highest honor, the Order of the Long Leaf Pine Award, in 1998 and 2001. Dr. Best continued to practice medicine in Greenville until shortly before his passing in 2005. In 2006, he posthumously received ECU's highest service award, the Jarvis Medal, in recognition of his distinguished service. At a ceremony in September 2019, the tenth street connector bridge in Greenville was named in honor of Andrew Best.

Scope and arrangement

This collection is grouped into 6 series that reflect different parts of Dr. Best's life. The first series has material pertaining to his military career, dating from 1941-1953. Each subseries reflects the format type, including correspondence, documents, photographs, memorabilia, and publications. Dr. Best was in the ROTC while in college, served in the Second World War, and completed an internship at Fort Bragg in the early 1950s. Anything addressed to a military facility or with his rank listed is included in this series.

The second series includes papers from him time in school, inlcuding high school, college, and medical school. The third series contains his personal papers and family photographs, dating from 1914 to 2001. Correspondence recieved, photographs taken, stereoscopic slides collected, and other memorabilia can be found in this series.

The fourth series contains several folders of material related to Dr. Best's medical career. This includes items from his office in Greenville, booklets, and photographs. The fifth series contains items related to his community service and his service to the Jericho A.M.E. Zion Church in Kinston. The sixth and final series features biographical information, autobiographical writings, awards, tributes, and certificates.

Administrative information
Custodial History

2014 January 27, (unprocessed) four posters. Donated by Andrew A. Best.

2014 January 10, (unprocessed) three panels, 36" x 74.25". Each panel is tri-fold and each division is 2' x 3' or 24" x 36". They each have a separate header panel of 12" x 24". Donated by Andrew A. Best.

Source of acquisition

Donated by Andrew A. Best

Processing information

Processing revised by Ashley Williams, 2015. Updated and revised by Layne Carpenter, 2019.

Copyright notice

Literary rights to specific documents are retained by the authors or their descendants in accordance with U.S. copyright law.

Language of material


Related material

Related artifacts are held in Laupus Library History Collections.

Andrew Best's Heritage Hall Biography

Andrew Best's NCpedia Biography

Andrew Best's Veterans' Gallery Biography

Fred and Malene Irons Papers (LL 02.63), The William E. Laupus Health Sciences Library, East Carolina University, Greenville, North Carolina, USA.

Oral History Collection (LL 02.03), The William E. Laupus Health Sciences Library, East Carolina University, Greenville, North Carolina, USA.

Pitt County Memorial Hospital Papers (LL 02.09), The William E. Laupus Health Sciences Library, East Carolina University, Greenville, North Carolina, USA.

Dr. Earl Trevathan Jr. Papers (LL02.73), The William E. Laupus Health Science Library, East Carolina University, Greenville, NC, North Carolina, USA.

Terry Sanford Governor's Papers, State Archives of North Carolina, Raleigh, North Carolina, USA.

Key terms
Personal Names
Best, Andrew A., 1916-2005

Container list
Box 1 Folder 1 Disposition of ROTC Advance Course Students, 1943 July 11
Box 1 Folder 2 Special Orders—Headquarters SCU #3412 S.T.A.R., 1943 December 20
Box 1 Folder 3 Recall to Active Duty Correspondence, July – August 1950
Box 1 Folder 4 Headquarters Third Army Civilian Components Memorandum, 1950 July 26
Box 1 Folder 5 Dating Questionnaire, undated
Box 1 Folder 6 Correspondence, 1944-1953, undated
Box 1 Folder 7 Envelopes, 1944, 1946, 1948-1953, undated
Box 1 Folder 8 Cards and Postcards, 1952, undated
Box 1 Folder 9 Quartermaster Laundry, 1943
Box 1 Folder 10 Identification Card—Enlisted Reserve Corps, 1942 October 7
Box 1 Folder 11 The Infantry School Course Materials, 1944
Box 1 Folder 12 Diary of Andrew Best, 1945
Box 1 Folder 13 Mileage Voucher and Trip Form, 1946
Box 1 Folder 14 Veterans Administration National Life Insurance, November 1947 – July 1951
Box 1 Folder 15 Credit Cards, Car Insurance, and Membership Cards, 1951-1953
Box 1 Folder 16 Aerial Photography Maps, undated
Box 1 Folder 17 Map Template Overlay, undated
Box 2 Folder 2 Photographs of Italy, 1945
Box 2 Folder 4 Negatives, circa 1944-1946
Box 2 Folder 5 Memorabilia from Italy, circa 1944-1945
Box 2 Folder 6 United States Forces Switzerland Tour General Information, circa 1945
Box 2 Folder 7 United States Forces Switzerland Tour Memorabilia, circa 1945
Box 2 Folder 8 Basic Field Manual and Logistics—Troop Movement, 1941, 1943
Box 2 Folder 9 Infantry Journal, August 1944
Box 2 Folder 10 The Infantry School Map and Aerial Photograph Reading Lesson Sheets and Map Reading, 1944
Box 2 Folder 11 Hammond's World Atlas and Gazeteer, 1945
Box 3 Folder 1 Yank: The Army Weekly, 1945
Box 3 Folder 2 Puptent Poets, 1945
Box 3 Folder 3 The Sunday Star and Stripes: Mediterranean Supplement, 1945 May 6
Box 3 Folder 4 Camera Instruction Manual and The Ethicon Manual of Surgical Knots, circa 1943-1947
Box 3 Folder 5 The Armed Forces Officer, 1950
Box 3 Folder 6 Madigan Army Hospital, 1951, undated
Box 3 Folder 7 United States Armed Forces Medical Journal, July-December 1951
Box 4 Folder 1 United States Armed Forces Medical Journal, 1952
Box 4 Folder 2 United States Armed Forces Medical Journal, 1953
Box 4 Folder 3 The New England Journal of Medicine, 1953
Box 4 Folder 4 Adkin High School Commencement Day Exercises, 1936 May 22
Box 4 Folder 5 The Pen—St. Augustine's College Raleigh, NC, , Fall 1942
Box 4 Folder 6 A&T College Class Admission Cards, 1943-1944, 1946-1947
Box 4 Folder 7 Membership Cards and Licenses, 1943-1953
Box 4 Folder 8 Bulletin of Meharry Medical College, April 1947
Box 4 Folder 9 Extract of Clinical Record Forms, 1950
Box 4 Folder 10 Promissory Notes, 1950-1951
Box 4 Folder 11 Report of Medical Interests, 1951
Box 4 Folder 12 Notes, 1942, 1947, undated
Box 5 Folder 1 Remedial English, 1938
Box 5 Folder 2 Review of Physiological Chemistry, 1951
Box 5 Folder 3 Bargains in Used and New College Text and Reference Books, undated
Oversize Folder 1 Diplomas, 1948, 1951
Box 5 Folder 4 Correspondence, 1951, 1998, undated
Box 5 Folder 5 Graduation Cards, 1951
Box 5 Folder 6 Holiday Cards, 1952-1953
Box 5 Folder 7 Holiday Cards, undated
Box 5 Folder 8 Miscellaneous Cards, 1953, undated
Box 5 Folder 9 Envelopes, 1947-1954
LL02. Two Men Shaking Hands, 1940-1969
LL02. Man at a Microphone, 1940-1969
LL02. Unidentified Woman in Academic Regalia, 1940-1969
LL02. Unknown Man Walking, 1940-1969
LL02. Unidentified Group, 1940-1969
LL02. Man Walking, 1940-1969
LL02. Woman at a Ceremony, 1940-1969
LL02. Unidentified Group, 1940-1969
LL02. Man at Microphone, 1940-1969
LL02. Unknown Woman, 1940-1969
LL02. Unknown Woman, 1940-1969
LL02. Unknown Woman, 1940-1969
LL02. Unidentified Woman, 1940-1969
LL02. Unidentified Woman, 1940-1969
LL02. Unidentified Woman, 1940-1969
LL02. Uknown Woman at Desk , 1940-1969
LL02. Photograph of Gatsye, 1946
LL02. Photograph of Sandy, 1952
Box 6 Folder 4 Negatives, undated
Box 6 Oversize Folder 2 Oversize Photographs, undated
Box 6 Folder 5 Infantry and Training, 1914-1918
Box 6 Folder 6 Trenches and the Battlefield, 1914-1918
Box 6 Folder 7 Cavalry, 1914-1918
Box 6 Folder 8 Artillery, 1914-1918
Box 6 Folder 9 Submarines and Battleships, 1914-1918
Box 6 Folder 10 Aircraft, 1914-1918
Box 7 Folder 1 Camp Life, 1914-1918
Box 7 Folder 2 Celebrations, 1914-1918
Box 7 Folder 3 Notebook, 1940
Box 7 Folder 4 Insurance Forms, 1947-1953
Box 7 Folder 5 Receipts, 1944-1953
Box 7 Folder 6 Money Receipt Booklet, 1947-1948
Box 7 Folder 7 United States Postal Service Money Order Receipts, 1947-1953
Oversize Folder 2 Design of Best Family Farmstead, 1942
Box 7 Folder 8 Modern Development: Practical Photography Series, 1936
Box 7 Folder 9 Canning: Fruits and Vegetables, 1947
Box 7 Folder 9 The Story of 'Aero' Cyanamid: The Lime-Nitrogen Fertilizer, undate
Box 7 Folder 11 Railroad, Airline, and Bust Time Tables, 1943-1944
Box 7 Folder 12 Maps, undated
Box 7 Folder 13 Miscellaneous Memorabilia, 1952, undated
Box 7 Folder 14 Andrew Best's Poetry, 1998-2001
Box 7 Folder 15 Poetry Recitations, undated
Oversize Folder 3 Best's Poetry Posters, undated
Box 8 Folder 1 Letter, Office Sign, and Prescription Pad, 1998, undated
Box 8 Folder 2 Flap Anatomy Charts, undated
Box 8 Folder 4 Pitt-Greenville Medical District Task Force, 1990
Box 8 Folder 5 Pitt-Greenville Medical District Task Force, 1990
Box 8 Folder 6 Pitt-Greenville Medical District Task Force, 1991
Box 8 Folder 7 Pamphlets and Booklets, 1947-1951
Box 9 Folder 1 Weekly Unity, 1948-1950
Box 9 Folder 2 Weekly Unity, 1953
Box 9 Folder 3 Weekly Unity, 1954-1955
Box 9 Folder 4 Weekly Unity, 1956-1957
Box 9 Folder 5 Jericho AME Zion Church Souvenir Journal, 1974
Box 9 Folder 6 Jericho AME Zion Church Programs, 1998-2009
Box 9 Folder 8 Check Up Meeting Wesley Chapel Video Recording, 1998 September 5
Box 9 Folder 9 York Memorial AME Zion NC Annual Conference Video Recordings, 1998
Box 10 Folder 1 Pitt County Sheriff Correspondence, 1987
Box 10 Folder 2 Alpha Phi Alpha, 1999
Box 10 Folder 3 Newspaper Clippings , 2002
Box 10 Folder 4 Certificates and Awards, 1988-2001
Oversize Folder 4 Certificates and Awards, 1972-1986
Box 10 Folder 6 A&T State University Alumni Association Centennial Fellowship Banquet Photographs, 1991
Box 10 Folder 7 Andrew Best Biographical Information and Autobiographical Writings, 1998-2018
Box 10 Folder 8 Andrew Best Inaugural Family Practice Luncheon, 1995
Box 10 Folder 9 Andrew Best Weekend, 2001
Box 10 Folder 11 Celebration of an African American Legend: Andrew Best, 2006
Box 10 Folder 12 Andrew Best Tribute Videos, 1993, 2006
Box 10 Folder 13 Best Tribute, 2008
Box 10 Folder 14 Andrew Best Medical Society, 2017-2019
Box 10 Folder 15 Newspaper Articles about Andrew Best, 2001-2020