James Long Newsom, Sr., Papers

1905-2007
Manuscript Collection #1295
Creator(s)
Martin-Newsom, Frances; Newsom, James Long, 1914-2007
Physical description
3.18 Cubic Feet, 11 archival boxes, consisting of correspondence, photographs, souvenirs, programs, military newspapers, diplomas, certificates, clippings, and genealogy
Preferred Citation
James Long Newsom, Sr., Papers (#1295), East Carolina Manuscript Collection, J. Y. Joyner Library, East Carolina University, Greenville, North Carolina, USA
Repository
ECU Manuscript Collection
Access
No restrictions

This collection contains material documenting the life of James Long Newsom, Sr., (1914-2007) of Durham, North Carolina. A graduate of Duke University and Duke University Law School and attended Syracuse University Law School, he began practicing law in Durham in 1938. Correspondence (1931-1940) documents his post-high school education and courtship of his future wife Frances Martin whom he met at Syracuse. As a member of the United States Naval Reserve, he fought in the South Pacific for the years 1942-1945 during World War II and this experience is covered with extensive correspondence, photographs, souvenirs, programs and military newspapers. After the war, he returned to his law practice and continued his Naval Reserve career. Also included are diplomas, certificates, family-related photographs (back to the 1910s), clippings, and genealogy.


Biographical/historical information

James Long Newsom was born on March 20, 1914 to Marion Eugene Newsom and Annie Laurie Newsom nee Long. James was the second born son to a family of eight. He had three brothers; Marion Eugene "Gene" Jr., John Walton, and Edward "Ned," as well as three sisters; Annie Laurie, Nancy, and Mary Toms. A native of Durham, James graduated from of Duke University and Duke University Law School. He attended Syracuse University Law School before practicing law in Durham in 1938. He met his future wife Frances "Francie" Martin at Syracuse and promptly married her October 19, 1940. As a member of the United States Naval Reserve, he fought in the South Pacific during World War II (1942-1945). In 1942, James attended naval school at Cornell University before being stationed in South Carolina, California, New Caledonia, Guadalcanal, and Tonga. His son, James "Jamie" Newsom, Jr., was born September 23rd, 1942. At the end of the war, James transferred into the Naval Reserve and went back to practice law within North Carolina. James and Frances later had a daughter named Linda. James remained an active member in the Durham Rotary Club, Durham Red Cross, Duke Alumni, and Trinity Methodist United Church. He retired from the Naval Reserve in 1974 with the rank of Commander and retired from law in 1982. Frances passed away on September 18, 2002, shortly after the couple moved from North Carolina to Maryland. James passed shortly afterwards on February 25th, 2007, in Chevy Chase, Maryland, at the age of ninety-two. He was laid to rest beside his wife at the family plot in Maplewood Cemetery, Durham, NC.

Marion Eugene Newsom, Sr., was born on March 4, 1884 in Littleton, NC. He graduated from Trinity College, now known as Duke University in 1905. He met and married his wife Annie Laurie Long in 1910. Eugene was a businessman, banker, and politician during his time. He operated the Durham Book and Stationary Company. In 1930, he served as the President of Citizens National Bank and would later become the Mayor of Durham. He served as a prominent member of the Durham Rotary Club. Eugene passed away in his sleep on September 14, 1948, at the age of sixty-four. His wife, Annie Laurie Newsom, died on June 19, 1977.

James Long Newsom, Jr., currently resides in Jupiter, Florida. Linda Silva nee Newsom currently resides in Stevensville, Maryland.

Sources:

FindaGrave. "Marion Eugene Newsom." Accessed June 23, 2017. https://www.findagrave.com/cgi-bin/fg.cgi/page/gr/http.www.findagrave.com/cgi-bin/fg.cgi?page=gr&GRid=59212209 "Frances Martin Newsom." Accessed June 23, 2017. https://www.findagrave.com/cgi-bin/fg.cgi?page=gr&GSln=Newsom&GSiman=1&GScid=47989&GRid=67966313& MooseRoots. "Frances M. Newsom - Death Record." Accessed June 23, 2017. http://death-records.mooseroots.com/l/119225316/Frances-M-Newsom VoterRecords. "James L Newsom's Florida Voter Registration." Accessed June 23, 2017. https://voterrecords.com/voter/16246665/james-newsom Whitepages. "Linda N Silva." Accessed June 23, 2017. http://www.whitepages.com/name/Linda-N-Silva/Stevensville-MD/3ujuc6q


Scope and arrangement

This collection consists of correspondence between James Long Newsom, Sr., and his wife, Frances Martin Newsom, and his parents Marion Eugene Newsom and Annie Laurie Long Newsom between 1926 and 1949. James attended Duke University from 1932 to 1938. Between 1935 and 1937, he attended Syracuse University where he met his future wife. James began his career as a lawyer in Durham, North Carolina, where he drafted a deed to his heart (July 12, 1939) to his fiancée Frances. In 1940 James and Frances married, while James enlisted in the Naval Reserve. The couple went to Geneva, Switzerland for their honeymoon and collected a series of postcards and booklets while they traveled (undated, 1940).

In the outbreak of war, James attended Naval College at Cornell University. While there he described his training, the layout of the school (September 3, 1942), his roommates and other attendees, the curriculum and drills (September 14, 1942), and the price of uniforms. From there he was transferred to Charleston, South Carolina. In a May 12, 1943, letter, James describes the Naval Districts of the United States and their operations. Included in this are war rations book cards for the Newsom family (undated). James transferred to San Francisco and New Caledonia by 1944. During his time on the island he participated in a French officers club and the watching of local movies. James mentions life aboard a ship (November 20, 1944), his surroundings and combating mosquitos (June 22, 1944), local holidays including Bastille Day (July 12, 1944), racial tensions among the troops (June 17, 1944), and food during holidays (November 23, 1944). James also describes food offered by the Navy and local weather of the South Pacific (December 31, 1944).

In 1945, James vacationed in New Zealand and wrote on stationary with the address of the hotel purposely removed to not give away his position. He describes the local weather and New Zealand (May 20, 1945). James is relocated to Java and the Solomon Islands and his letters detail the local food and conditions (June 3, 1945), the commute to work (June 8, 1945), and plantations in the area (June 11, 1945).

Letters exchanged between him and his wife detail the war as it progressed, including battles in the South Pacific (November 10, 1944), Guadalcanal (November 29, 1944), the Normandy Invasion/D-day (June 6 1944, June 22, 1944), and other Pacific battle plans. Frances describes a friend missing in action (July 30, 1944). By May of 1945, both mention the liberation of Nazi Concentration Camps in Europe (May 30, 1945). As the war progressed, James and Frances wrote about the dropping of the atomic bombs on Nagasaki and Hiroshima (August 7-11, 1945), Japanese peace talks and the Soviet Union's declaration of war on Japan (August 11, 1945), and the end of World War Two (August 14-15, 1945). On the home front, Frances mentions V-J celebrations in West Virginia (September 2, 1945). By October 1945, James returned home from the war and transferred into the Naval Reserve and continued his career as a lawyer.

Frances often wrote letters to James on her own personalized stationary and provided her husband with pictures of their son while he was away in the South Pacific. She also liked to draw images of her outfits, hair, and the scenes around her within her letters. Besides the Frances personalized stationary, many letters in the collection are written on Syracuse University, Camp Seminole, Lake Junaluska, NC, Fourteen West Elm Apartments, Chicago, IL, P.H. Hanes Knitting Company and Hotel McAlpin New York, NY, US Navy, Robert E. Lee Hotel , Citizens National Bank, Durham, NC, Hotel De Soto, and Harvey and Heddleston, OH, Hotel Bolton Square, Hotel Stewart, San Francisco, racial caricature, Marine Corp, The Drake, Chicago, IL, 44th St, New York, NY, Sir Francis Drake, San Francisco, unknown hotel stationary from New Zealand, and decorative stationary.

In addition to letters this collection includes souvenirs, programs, military papers and newspapers, as well as, a large collection of family photographs and photo negatives. The first box in the collection includes documents from before and after the Second World War. This includes twenty-two picture postcards of the SS Delta Queen, Switzerland, and Swiss stories, a currency conversion table with English, French, Belgian, and German currency, two winter carnival booklets from Syracuse University, a booklet of the Roanoke German Club, the diary of Annie Laurie Long from 1909 to 1910, a pencil drawing of Frances by James, a copy of Marion Eugene Newsom and Annie Laurie Long's wedding announcement, and James's, Marion's, Annie's, and James's brother Eugene's obituaries.

Specific documents on James's attendance at Duke University include four report cards (1934-1935), a rowing team coin (1931), James's fraternity certificates (Kappa Alpha and Phi Delta Phi), two copies of his diploma, 50th year reunion of the class of 1938 pamphlet and two booklets, the Duke School of Law Alumni register, and a photograph of James Long Newsom on a Duke golf course. Because of his attendance at Duke, James and Frances were invited to attend the inauguration of Richard Nixon in 1969. The collection contains invitations and programs to the inauguration of Nixon and inaugural ball, a signed photograph of Richard Nixon and Spiro Agnew, and souvenirs from the inauguration.

During the war, James kept English and French documents and souvenirs from his tour of the South Pacific. The items in French are a picture book on World War II titled, Depuis 1939, and Newspaper La France Australe with important topics including; the death of Franklin Delano Roosevelt (April 14, 1945) and the dropping of the atomic bomb on Japan (August 8, 1945). The English collection includes three copies of the South Pacific Daily News with the main articles on the death of FDR, Japan's surrender (August 16, 1945), and the invasion of Normandy (June 7, 1944), an undated article on communism in China, a song for the USS Pargo, and three comic pages depicting US soldiers and their interactions with native people of the South Pacific.

James also acquired items specifically from New Caledonia. This collection contains a small photobook on New Caledonia, a color pocket guide to New Caledonia, Southwest of 0°- 180° photo collection, a South Pacific Daily News article on New Caledonia, French currency, James's Iron Bottom Bay club membership card; an invitation to the Launching of the United States Naval Receiving Station Officer's Club, Nomeu, New Caledonia; V-E Day New Caledonia photo book; and two maps of New Caledonia and the South Pacific.

The photograph collection details the life of the Newsom-Long family, including childhood photographs of James Long Newsom, Sr., the bridal photo of Annie Laurie Long (November 22, 1911), James, Sr., at Duke and Syracuse, and a business trip to San Francisco later in his life. The other half of the photographs within the collection were taken in the South Pacific Islands during the Second World War. Locations of photos include: Cornell University, New Caledonia, Guadalcanal, Auckland, New Zealand, and the Tonga Islands. Prominent images include a photo of a Japanese shipwreck in Guadalcanal (1945), a war cemetery in New Caledonia, the Naval Training Station at Cornell University (1942), and a photograph of Vice Admiral William L. Calhoun.


Administrative information
Custodial History

June 7, 2017, (processed), 3.18 cubic feet; This collection contains material documenting the life of James Long Newsom, Sr., (1914-2007) of Durham, North Carolina. A graduate of Duke University and Duke University Law School and attended Syracuse University Law School, he began practicing law in Durham in 1938. Correspondence (1931-1940) documents his post-high school education and courtship of his future wife Frances Martin whom he met at Syracuse. As a member of the United States Naval Reserve, he fought in the South Pacific for the years 1942-1945 during World War II and this experience is covered with extensive correspondence, photographs, souvenirs, programs and military newspapers. After the war, he returned to his law practice and continued his Naval Reserve career. Also included are diplomas, certificates, family-related photographs (back to the 1910s), clippings, and genealogy. Gift of James Long Newsom, Jr.

Source of acquisition

Gift of James Long Newsom, Jr.

Processing information

Processing completed July 3, 2017, by Janie Knutson.

Copyright notice

Literary rights to specific documents are retained by the authors or their descendants in accordance with U.S. copyright law.


Key terms
Personal Names
Long, Annie Laurie
Newsom, Frances Martin
Newsom, James Long, 1914-2007
Family Names
Long family
Newsome family
Corporate Names
United States. Navy--African Americans
United States. Navy--Military life
Topical
Lawyers--North Carolina--Durham
World War, 1939-1945--Campaigns--Pacific Area
World War, 1939-1945--Personal narratives, American
Places
New Caledonia--Maps
New Caledonia--Pictorial works

Container list
Box 1 Folder a Correspondence, 1926-1933, undated
Box 1 Folder b Correspondence, 1935
Box 1 Folder c Correspondence, 1936
Box 1 Folder d Correspondence, 1936
Box 1 Folder e Correspondence, 1936-1940
Box 1 Folder f Correspondence, 1937
Box 2 Folder a , 1938-1939
Box 2 Folder b Correspondence, 1938
Box 2 Folder c Correspondence, 1938
Box 2 Folder d Correspondence, 1938
Box 3 Folder a Correspondence, 1940
Box 3 Folder b Correspondence, 1940
Box 3 Folder c Correspondence, 1940
Box 4 Folder a Correspondence, 1942
Box 4 Folder b Correspondence, 1943, undated
Box 4 Folder c Correspondence, 1944
Box 4 Folder d Correspondence, 1944
Box 4 Folder e Correspondence, 1944
Box 5 Folder a Correspondence, 1944
Box 5 Folder b Correspondence, 1944
Box 5 Folder c Correspondence, 1944
Box 5 Folder d Correspondence, 1944
Box 5 Folder e Correspondence, 1944
Box 6 Folder a Correspondence, 1945
Box 6 Folder b Correspondence, 1945
Box 6 Folder c Correspondence, 1945
Box 6 Folder d Correspondence, 1945
Box 7 Folder a Correspondence, 1945
Box 7 Folder b Correspondence, 1945
Box 7 Folder c Correspondence, 1945
Box 7 Folder d Correspondence, 1945
Box 7 Folder e Correspondence, 1945
Box 7 Folder f Correspondence, 1945
Box 7 Folder g Correspondence, 1946
Box 7 Folder h Correspondence, 1947-1949
Box 8 Folder a Naval Enlistment and Retirement Papers, 1940-1974
Box 8 Folder b Naval Uniform Pins, undated
Box 8 Folder c Eugene Newsom Rotary Papers, 1905-1990
Box 8 Folder d Family History Material, 1909-2007, undated
Box 8 Folder e Biographical and Genealogical Material, 1943-1989, undated
Box 8 Folder f Duke University and Early Law Career Material, 1931-1989, undated
Box 8 Folder g Duke University Alumni Material, 1938-1985, undated
Box 8 Folder h Cards, Poems, and Drawings, 1931-1947, undated
Box 8 Folder i Family Interviews, undated
Box 9 Folder a Newspapers and Booklets in French Language, 1939-1945, undated
Box 9 Folder b French Magazines, 1940-1945
Box 9 Folder c New Caledonia Items, 1943-1945, undated
Box 9 Folder d New Caledonia Items, 1944-1945, undated
Box 9 Folder e New Caledonia Items, 1944-1945, undated
Box 10 Folder a James L. Newsom, Sr. Photographs, 1934-1940, undated
Box 10 Folder b Photographs of Groups and Children, 1929, undated
Box 10 Folder c Headshots of James L. Newsom, Sr., 1942-1945
Box 10 Folder d University Group Photographs, 1931-1936, undated
Box 10 Folder e Portrait Photographs, undated
Box 10 Folder f Long-Newsom Family Portraits and Photographs, 1911, 1925, undated
Box 10 Folder g Childhood Photographs of Newsom Family, undated
Box 11 Folder a New Caledonia Photographs, 1945, undated
Box 11 Folder b Photographs and Postcards of Auckland, New Zealand, undated
Box 11 Folder c James L. Newsom, Sr. ID Cards and Photographs, 1944-1979, undated
Box 11 Folder d Photographs of Tongatabu, 1945
Box 11 Folder e Naval Photographs with Friends and Family, 1945, undated
Box 11 Folder f Family Photographs, 1977, undated
Box 11 Folder g Color Photographs, 1978, undated
Box 11 Folder h Naval and Travel Photographs, 1942-1943, undated
Box 11 Folder i Negatives of Tonga and New Caledonia, 1942-1945, undated
Box 11 Folder j Photograph Album, 1942-1945, undated