Stuart Wright Collection: Thomas McAfee Papers

Manuscript Collection #1169-065
McAfee, Thomas, 1928-1982
Physical description
0.25 Cubic Feet, 1 archival box, 1 item, 186 p.
Preferred Citation
Stuart Wright Collection: Thomas McAfee Papers (#1169-065), East Carolina Manuscript Collection, J. Y. Joyner Library, East Carolina University, Greenville, North Carolina, USA.
ECU Manuscript Collection
No restrictions

Papers of Thomas McAfee (1969) documenting the life and literary career of the noted Haleyville, Alabama-born American poet, short story writer, associate editor of the Missouri Review, and educator at the University of Missouri-Columbia, 1953-1982; consisting of an unpaged, bound, paperback, proof of his novel Rover Youngblood: An American Fable (1969).

Biographical/historical information

Thomas McAfee was born James Thomas McAfee, on 13 May 1928, in Haleyville, Alabama. He went to the Columbia Military Academy in Columbia, Tennessee and graduated in 1945. He went on to the University of Missouri at Columbia where he earned his BA in English in 1949 and his MA in 1950. Later, in 1950, McAfee was drafted into the U.S. Army, where he served for two years.

When McAfee returned home from the Army, he returned to the University of Missouri-Columbia, where he taught poetry, book reviewing, and practical criticism in the English Department, from 1953-1982. He also served as editor of the Sunday book page for the Columbia Missourian and associate editor of the Missouri Review. McAfee began publishing poems and short stories in literary magazines during the 1950s, however, he published his first book of poems and short stories, appropriately entitled Poems and Stories , in 1960. Altogether, McAfee published nine more volumes of poetry. McAfee's only novel, Rover Youngblood: An American Fable, was published in 1969 and was then made into a play produced by the University of Missouri Readers Theatre group. McAfee died, on 10 August 1982, of lung cancer, at Truman Veterans Hospital in Columbia, Missouri.


"McAfee, James Thomas (1928-1982), Papers, 1948-1985 (MSS #C3728)". State Historical Society of Missouri. 12 lin. ft. 5 audio cassettes. Accessed 4 November 2016.

"Thomas McAfee" [Biographical Sketch]. Alabama Literary Map. Accessed 4 November 2016.

Author: Jonathan Dembo, with the assistance of John Leche, 11/4/2016, 2/8/2017, 3/15/2017.

Stuart Wright collected and compiled the Thomas McAfee Papers. He was born, Stuart Thurman Wright, on 30 March 1948, in Roxboro, North Carolina. He was the son of Frances Critcher Wright (1919-2010) and Wallace Lyndon Wright (1921-1965). An avid reader as a boy, Wright developed a strong interest in the American Civil War and with his father toured many of the war's battlefields searching for artifacts and studying the history of the era. At the age of 12, he won a statewide "Johnny Reb" essay contest and by the age of 15 had visited every major battlefield of the Civil War. Wright attended Roxboro High School, from which he graduated in 1966. It was during these years that he developed an interest in collecting historical books and manuscripts and began relationships with a number of local collectors and dealers.

In the fall of 1966, Wright enrolled at Wake Forest University as a pre-med, history, German and music student. Wright earned a B.A. in German and music in 1970. As a graduate student at Wake Forest University, Wright focused his studies on Southern history and literature, his ambition being to build an authoritative Southern Studies collection for the university. He received a master's degree in Southern Studies in 1973 and a second master's degree in U.S. History in 1980. Additionally Wright holds a professional degree from England in a medically related field. It was while studying there that he became interested in Thomas Wolfe, the noted North Carolina native and novelist.

Following his graduation from Wake Forest, Wright began to develop his collections more systematically, acquiring many first editions of Southern writers. In 1976 he began teaching at Reynolda House, a Wake Forest University affiliate dedicated to the arts and arts education. Wright taught classes in American music as well as human anatomy for art students. In 1978 Wright became Lecturer in Education at Wake Forest University. During his 10 years teaching at Wake Forest University, Wright authored numerous works of Civil War and North Carolina history, and dozens of articles, bibliographies, essays and reviews on Southern literature and the writers whose papers he collected. In addition, he developed a strong interest in the writings of the English poet Donald Davie and the Minnesota-born poet Richard Eberhart, whose works he also collected.

At the same time, Wright also began a career as a publisher by starting Palaemon Press in Winston-Salem, North Carolina. By 1984, Palaemon Press had produced 316 titles, consisting mainly of broadsides and limited editions, of the poetry and essays of such Southern writers as A. R. Ammons, Fred Chappell, James Dickey, William Goyen, George Garrett, and Eudora Welty. He also built comprehensive collections and compiled book-length descriptive bibliographies of A.R. Ammons, Andrew Lytle, Reynolds Price, James Dickey, William Goyen, Walker Percy, Randall Jarrell, Peter Taylor, George Garrett, Richard Eberhart, and Donald Davie. As well as serving as editor of the contemporary literature section of the Bulletin of Bibliography throughout the 1980s, Wright also contributed pioneering checklists of the writings of Southern poets Henry Taylor, Charles Wright, and Robert Morgan. For Meckler Publishing he served as series editor for a number of book-length bibliographies and checklists. In recognition of these accomplishments, when he was just 32, Wright was elected to membership in New York's prestigious Grolier Club.

All of these works are represented in the Stuart Wright Collection. In his dealings with these various authors Wright made consistent efforts to acquire personal papers, letters and documents, photographs, manuscripts, drafts, proofs, and published materials to supplement his continuing activities as a purchaser of their works. In this way, Wright acquired perhaps a majority of his overall collection. Over the years a number of biographers used Wright's collection to aid their research. For example, James A. Grimshaw, Jr. used the collection extensively for his Robert Penn Warren: A Descriptive Bibliography, 1922-1979 published by the University Press of Virginia, in 1981 and Craig S. Abbott did so as well for John Crowe Ransom: A Descriptive Bibliography, published by Whitston Publishing Company, Inc. in 1999. Joseph Blotner also used the Wright collection in researching Robert Penn Warren: A Biography, published by Random House in 1997.

Nevertheless, from the mid- to late 1980s, Wright began to look for a permanent home for his collection, which he felt had grown too large and yet had been too little used. Unable to find a repository willing to accept the entire collection under suitable conditions, he sold a number of individual author collections to Vanderbilt University, Duke University, the University of Texas at Austin, and Emory University. It was not until 2010 that he reached agreement to house the remaining, and largest part of his collection at East Carolina University. The Stuart Wright Collection in the East Carolina Manuscript Collection of J.Y. Joyner Library includes 106 sub-collections of the papers of Southern American writers, illustrators, composers, and publishers. The related Stuart Wright Book Collection holds several thousand volumes by or about many of the same writers. Many of these volumes contain annotations, inscriptions, and insertions that reveal much about the authors in the collection and their relationships with one another. In 1998 Wright moved to England, and since 2001 he has resided in the medieval market town of Ludlow, in Shropshire.

Author: Jonathan Dembo, 11/2/2016

Scope and arrangement

Stuart Wright Collection: Thomas McAfee Papers (#1169-065) are arranged in original order in a single series.

27 October 2011, consist of papers (1969) documenting the life and literary career of Thomas McAfee (1928-1982), the noted American poet, short story writer, editor of the Missouri Review, and educator at the University of Missouri-Columbia; consisting of a unpaged, bound, paperback, proof of his novel Rover Youngblood: An American Fable (1969). Source: Cary Addition Boxes #080.025. Series 1 is housed in Box 1.a

Administrative information
Custodial History

27 October 2011, (Cary Addition #1), 0.25 cubic feet; 1 archival box; 1 item; 186 p. Papers (1969) documenting the life and literary career of Thomas McAfee (1928-1982), the noted American poet, short story writer, editor of the Missouri Review, and educator at the University of Missouri-Columbia; consisting of a unpaged, bound, paperback, proof of his novel Rover Youngblood: An American Fable (1969). Source: Cary Addition Boxes #080.025. Series 1 is housed in Box 1.a

Source of acquisition

Purchased from Stuart Wright, 10/27/2011.

Processing information

Processing, Preliminary inventory & Container List, by Jonathan Dembo, 2/15/2016; Final inventory by Jonathan Dembo, 9/26/2016; Finding aid by Jonathan Dembo, 11/4/2016; Biographical Sketch, by Jonathan Dembo with the assistance of John Leche, 11/4/2016, rev. 2/8/2017; Encoding revised by Jonathan Dembo, 2/8/2017, 3/15/2017.

Copyright notice

Literary rights to specific documents are retained by the authors or their descendants in accordance with U.S. copyright law.

Language of material


Related material

James Thomas McAfee (1928-1982) Papers, 1948-1985 (MSS #C3728) 12 lin. ft. 5 audio cassettes, State Historical Society of Missouri. Accessed 4 November 2016.

Key terms
Personal Names
McAfee, Thomas, 1928-1982
Critics--United States
Poets, American--20th century

Container list
Box 1 Folder a Rover Youngblood : An American Fable [Novel] by Thomas McAfee (New York, NY : Richard W. Baron, © 1969) Proofs. Bound. Paper back. Unpaged. 1 item. 186 p. ; Note : Source : Cary Addition Box #080.025