Stuart Wright Collection: Lincoln Fitzell Papers, 1958

Manuscript Collection #1169-051

  • Descriptive Summary
     
    Title: Stuart Wright Collection: Lincoln Fitzell Papers
    Creator: Fitzell, Lincoln, Jr., (Lincoln H.), 1903-1958
    Repository: ECU Manuscript Collection
    Language: English
    Abstract: Papers of Lincoln Fitzell (1958) documenting the life and literary career of noted the San Francisco, California-born poet, who also worked as a longshoreman; consisting of manuscript typescripts of his literary essays, short stories, poems, and a novel The Sword and the Dragon (1958).
    Extent: 0.5 Cubic feet, 0.50 Cubic feet, 1 archival box, 15 items, 386 p.,
  • Description
     

    The Stuart Wright Collection: Lincoln Fitzell Papers are arranged in original order in a single series.

    Series 1: Cary Addition #1 to the Stuart Wright Collection consist of papers (1958) documenting the life and literary career of noted San Francisco, California-born poet of Lincoln Fitzell [Lincoln H., Jr.] (1903-1958) who also worked as a longshoreman; including manuscript typescripts of his literary essays, short stories, poems, and a novel The Sword and the Dragon. Source: Cary Addition Box #064.000. Vendor: Stuart Wright

  • Biographical / Historical Note
     

    Lincoln Fitzell was born Lincoln H. Fitzell, on April 13, 1903, in San Francisco, California. He graduated from Harvard University and went to graduate school at the University of California, Berkeley, where he became friends with Robert Penn Warren. In 1928, Fitzell married Edith Nichols and together they had a son. Aside from writing, Fitzell made a living as a longshoreman.

    Sources: "Lincoln H. Fitzell". [Biographical Sketch] Wikipedia. Accessed 25 October 2016. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Lincoln_Fitzell

    Author: Jonathan Dembo, with the assistance of John Leche, 10/25/2016

    Stuart Wright collected and compiled the Lincoln Fitzell Papers. He was born, Stuart Thurman Wright, on 30 March 1948, in Roxboro, North Carolina. He was the son of Frances Critcher Wright (1919-2010) and Wallace Lyndon Wright (1921-1965). An avid reader as a boy, Wright developed a strong interest in the American Civil War and with his father toured many of the war's battlefields searching for artifacts and studying the history of the era. At the age of 12, he won a statewide "Johnny Reb" essay contest and by the age of 15 had visited every major battlefield of the Civil War. Wright attended Roxboro High School, from which he graduated in 1966. It was during these years that he developed an interest in collecting historical books and manuscripts and began relationships with a number of local collectors and dealers.

    In the fall of 1966, Wright enrolled at Wake Forest University as a pre-med, history, German and music student. Wright earned a B.A. in German and music in 1970. As a graduate student at Wake Forest University, Wright focused his studies on Southern history and literature, his ambition being to build an authoritative Southern Studies collection for the university. He received a master's degree in Southern Studies in 1973 and a second master's degree in U.S. History in 1980. Additionally Wright holds a professional degree from England in a medically related field. It was while studying there that he became interested in Thomas Wolfe, the noted North Carolina native and novelist.

    Following his graduation from Wake Forest, Wright began to develop his collections more systematically, acquiring many first editions of Southern writers. In 1976 he began teaching at Reynolda House, a Wake Forest University affiliate dedicated to the arts and arts education. Wright taught classes in American music as well as human anatomy for art students. In 1978 Wright became Lecturer in Education at Wake Forest University. During his 10 years teaching at Wake Forest University, Wright authored numerous works of Civil War and North Carolina history, and dozens of articles, bibliographies, essays and reviews on Southern literature and the writers whose papers he collected. In addition, he developed a strong interest in the writings of the English poet Donald Davie and the Minnesota-born poet Richard Eberhart, whose works he also collected.

    At the same time, Wright also began a career as a publisher by starting Palaemon Press in Winston-Salem, North Carolina. By 1984, Palaemon Press had produced 316 titles, consisting mainly of broadsides and limited editions, of the poetry and essays of such Southern writers as A. R. Ammons, Fred Chappell, James Dickey, William Goyen, George Garrett, and Eudora Welty. He also built comprehensive collections and compiled book-length descriptive bibliographies of A.R. Ammons, Andrew Lytle, Reynolds Price, James Dickey, William Goyen, Walker Percy, Randall Jarrell, Peter Taylor, George Garrett, Richard Eberhart, and Donald Davie. As well as serving as editor of the contemporary literature section of the Bulletin of Bibliography throughout the 1980s, Wright also contributed pioneering checklists of the writings of Southern poets Henry Taylor, Charles Wright, and Robert Morgan. For Meckler Publishing he served as series editor for a number of book-length bibliographies and checklists. In recognition of these accomplishments, when he was just 32, Wright was elected to membership in New York's prestigious Grolier Club.

    All of these works are represented in the Stuart Wright Collection. In his dealings with these various authors Wright made consistent efforts to acquire personal papers, letters and documents, photographs, manuscripts, drafts, proofs, and published materials to supplement his continuing activities as a purchaser of their works. In this way, Wright acquired perhaps a majority of his overall collection. Over the years a number of biographers used Wright's collection to aid their research. For example, James A. Grimshaw, Jr. used the collection extensively for his Robert Penn Warren: A Descriptive Bibliography, 1922-1979 published by the University Press of Virginia, in 1981 and Craig S. Abbott did so as well for John Crowe Ransom: A Descriptive Bibliography, published by Whitston Publishing Company, Inc. in 1999. Joseph Blotner also used the Wright collection in researching Robert Penn Warren: A Biography, published by Random House in 1997.

    Nevertheless, from the mid- to late 1980s, Wright began to look for a permanent home for his collection, which he felt had grown too large and yet had been too little used. Unable to find a repository willing to accept the entire collection under suitable conditions, he sold a number of individual author collections to Vanderbilt University, Duke University, the University of Texas at Austin, and Emory University. It was not until 2010 that he reached agreement to house the remaining, and largest part of his collection at East Carolina University. The Stuart Wright Collection in the East Carolina Manuscript Collection of J.Y. Joyner Library includes 106 sub-collections of the papers of Southern American writers, illustrators, composers, and publishers. The related Stuart Wright Book Collection holds several thousand volumes by or about many of the same writers. Many of these volumes contain annotations, inscriptions, and insertions that reveal much about the authors in the collection and their relationships with one another. In 1998 Wright moved to England, and since 2001 he has resided in the medieval market town of Ludlow, in Shropshire.

    Author: Jonathan Dembo, 11/2/2016

  • Administrative Information
     
    Accessions Information

    27 October 2011, (Cary Addition #1), 0.50 cubic feet; 1 archival box; 15 items; 386 p. Papers (1958) documenting the life and literary career of noted San Francisco, California-born poet of Lincoln Fitzell [Lincoln H., Jr.] (1903-1958) who also worked as a longshoreman; consisting of manuscript typescripts of his literary essays, short stories, poems, and a novel The Sword and the Dragon. Source: Cary Addition Box #064.000. Vendor: Stuart Wright

    Acquisition Information

    Purchased from Stuart Wright, 10/27/2011

    Access Restrictions

    No restrictions

    Copyright Notice

    Literary rights to specific documents are retained by the authors or their descendants in accordance with U.S. copyright law.

    Preferred Citation

    Stuart Wright Collection: Lincoln Fitzell Papers (#1169-051), East Carolina Manuscript Collection, J. Y. Joyner Library, East Carolina University, Greenville, North Carolina, USA.

    Processing Information

    Processing, Preliminary inventory & Container List, by Jonathan Dembo, with the assistance of Nathaniel King & Dale Wetterhahn, 12/8/2015, 2/10/2016, 3/14/2016; Final inventory by Jonathan Dembo, 9/20/2016; Finding aid by Jonathan Dembo, 9/20/2016; Biographical Sketch, by Jonathan Dembo with the assistance of John Leche, 10/25/2016, rev. 2/2/2017; Encoding revised by Jonathan Dembo, 2/2/2017.

Container List

  • Cary Addition to Stuart Wright Collection
     

    • Manuscript Typescripts
       

      • Box 1
         
        Artificers of Eternity [Literary Essay] by Lincoln Fitzell (ca. 1958) Typescript. 1 item. 12 p. ; Note : Source : Cary Addition Box #064.000
        Bright Muse, The [Literary Essay] by Lincoln Fitzell (ca. 1958) Typescript. 1 item. 11 p. ; Note : Commenting on D. H. Lawrence & William Faulkner ; Source : Cary Addition Box #064.000
        Buckaroos, The [Short Story] by Lincoln Fitzell (ca. 1958) Typescript. 1 item. 20 p. ; Note : Butte City cowboy story ; Autographed "Lincoln Fitzell" on p. 20 ; Source : Cary Addition Box #064.000
        Calamity Howler, The [Short Story] by Lincoln Fitzell (ca. 1958) Typescript. 1 item. 27 p. ; Note : Butte City cowboy story ; Autographed "Lincoln Fitzell" on p. 27 ; Source : Cary Addition Box #064.000
        Ervatt [Short Story] by Lincoln Fitzell (ca. 31 March 1958) Typescript. 1 item. 12 p. ; Note : Autographed "Lincoln Fitzell" on p. 12 ; Source : Cary Addition Box #064.000
        Force of Attitude, The [Literary Essay] by Lincoln Fitzell (ca. 1958) Typescript. 1 item. 17 p. ; Note : Comparing James Joyce & Thomas Mann with other "modern writers" ; Autographed "Lincoln Fitzell" on p. 17 ; Source : Cary Addition Box #064.000
        Just for the Ride [Short Story] by Lincoln Fitzell (31 March 1958) Typescript. 1 item. 18 p. ; Note : Autographed "Lincoln Fitzell" on p. 18 ; Source : Cary Addition Box #064.000
        Picnic Money, The [Short Story] by Lincoln Fitzell (ca. 1958) Typescript. 1 item. 46 p. ; Note : Autographed "Lincoln Fitzell" on p. 46 ; Source : Cary Addition Box #064.000
        Poems Not Yet Published or Not Published in Book Form [Poems] by Lincoln Fitzell (ca. 1958) Edited Typescript. 1 item. 46 p. ; Note : Typescripts of poems with table of contents ; Autographed "Lincoln Fitzell" after every poem ; Source : Cary Addition Box #064.000
        Realm of Modern Fiction, The [Literary Essay] by Lincoln Fitzell (ca. 1958) Typescript. 1 item. 14 p. ; Note : Discusses "ill nature" of "modern writers" ; Autographed "Lincoln Fitzell" on p. 14 ; Source : Cary Addition Box #064.000
        Stone Corral, The (A Rhapsody of Earth) [Novel] by Lincoln Fitzell (31 March 1958) Typescript, Folder, Mailing Envelope. 3 items. 127 p. ; Note : Dedicated to "E. G. F." ; Autographed "Lincoln Fitzell" on p. 125 ; Manuscript returned to Fitzell from Vanguard Press, Inc. ; Source : Cary Addition Box #064.000
        Sword and the Dragon, The [Literary Essay] by Lincoln Fitzell (ca. 1958) Typescript. 1 item. 26 p. ; Note : Discusses image of dragon in literature since Dante ; Autographed "Lincoln Fitzell" on p. 26 ; Source : Cary Addition Box #064.000
        Western Letter [Literary Essay] by Lincoln Fitzell (ca. 1958) Typescript. 1 item. 10 p. ; Note : Source : Discusses literature of the "old West" ; Cary Addition Box #064.000

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Container List

  • Cary Addition to Stuart Wright Collection
     

    • Manuscript Typescripts
       

      • Box 1
         
        Artificers of Eternity [Literary Essay] by Lincoln Fitzell (ca. 1958) Typescript. 1 item. 12 p. ; Note : Source : Cary Addition Box #064.000
        Bright Muse, The [Literary Essay] by Lincoln Fitzell (ca. 1958) Typescript. 1 item. 11 p. ; Note : Commenting on D. H. Lawrence & William Faulkner ; Source : Cary Addition Box #064.000
        Buckaroos, The [Short Story] by Lincoln Fitzell (ca. 1958) Typescript. 1 item. 20 p. ; Note : Butte City cowboy story ; Autographed "Lincoln Fitzell" on p. 20 ; Source : Cary Addition Box #064.000
        Calamity Howler, The [Short Story] by Lincoln Fitzell (ca. 1958) Typescript. 1 item. 27 p. ; Note : Butte City cowboy story ; Autographed "Lincoln Fitzell" on p. 27 ; Source : Cary Addition Box #064.000
        Ervatt [Short Story] by Lincoln Fitzell (ca. 31 March 1958) Typescript. 1 item. 12 p. ; Note : Autographed "Lincoln Fitzell" on p. 12 ; Source : Cary Addition Box #064.000
        Force of Attitude, The [Literary Essay] by Lincoln Fitzell (ca. 1958) Typescript. 1 item. 17 p. ; Note : Comparing James Joyce & Thomas Mann with other "modern writers" ; Autographed "Lincoln Fitzell" on p. 17 ; Source : Cary Addition Box #064.000
        Just for the Ride [Short Story] by Lincoln Fitzell (31 March 1958) Typescript. 1 item. 18 p. ; Note : Autographed "Lincoln Fitzell" on p. 18 ; Source : Cary Addition Box #064.000
        Picnic Money, The [Short Story] by Lincoln Fitzell (ca. 1958) Typescript. 1 item. 46 p. ; Note : Autographed "Lincoln Fitzell" on p. 46 ; Source : Cary Addition Box #064.000
        Poems Not Yet Published or Not Published in Book Form [Poems] by Lincoln Fitzell (ca. 1958) Edited Typescript. 1 item. 46 p. ; Note : Typescripts of poems with table of contents ; Autographed "Lincoln Fitzell" after every poem ; Source : Cary Addition Box #064.000
        Realm of Modern Fiction, The [Literary Essay] by Lincoln Fitzell (ca. 1958) Typescript. 1 item. 14 p. ; Note : Discusses "ill nature" of "modern writers" ; Autographed "Lincoln Fitzell" on p. 14 ; Source : Cary Addition Box #064.000
        Stone Corral, The (A Rhapsody of Earth) [Novel] by Lincoln Fitzell (31 March 1958) Typescript, Folder, Mailing Envelope. 3 items. 127 p. ; Note : Dedicated to "E. G. F." ; Autographed "Lincoln Fitzell" on p. 125 ; Manuscript returned to Fitzell from Vanguard Press, Inc. ; Source : Cary Addition Box #064.000
        Sword and the Dragon, The [Literary Essay] by Lincoln Fitzell (ca. 1958) Typescript. 1 item. 26 p. ; Note : Discusses image of dragon in literature since Dante ; Autographed "Lincoln Fitzell" on p. 26 ; Source : Cary Addition Box #064.000
        Western Letter [Literary Essay] by Lincoln Fitzell (ca. 1958) Typescript. 1 item. 10 p. ; Note : Source : Discusses literature of the "old West" ; Cary Addition Box #064.000


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