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Hugh A. Tudor Papers, 1884-1912

Manuscript Collection #1154

Descriptive Summary Click here to collapse or expand the contents in this section of the finding aid

Title: Hugh A. Tudor Papers
Creator: Tudor, Hugh A.
Repository: ECU Manuscript Collection
Languages: English
Abstract: Papers (1884-1912) consisting of correspondence and pamphlet
Extent: 0.014 Cubic feet, 9 items , correspondence and reports

Administrative Information Click here to collapse or expand the contents in this section of the finding aid

Accessions Information

November 5, 2009, 9 items, 0.014 cubic feet; Papers (1884-1912 [Bulk: 1895-1897) including letters, circular letters and reports of a Church of England missionary priest describing his work, among both natives and Europeans, for the Society for the Propagation of the Gospel in Foreign Parts, in Mount Frere, Griqualand East Parish, in the Diocese of St. Johns, Kaffraria, on the northeast frontier of the Cape Province, South Africa; also a 1912 pamphlet entitled New Series. Historical Sketches. St. John's, Kaffraria, which describes the history of the church, 1850-1912. Purchased. See preliminary inventory attached. 1 box. 9 items. 42 p. (ca. 0.014 cubic feet) Recd. 10/29/2009. Notes: Purchased from Maggs Bros. Catalogue #1435 Voyages & Travels, Item #281 (2009). See also related Papua New Guinea Collection (#1155) purchased from same catalogue, Item #389. Purchased from Maggs Bros. Ltd., London, England

Access Restrictions

No restrictions

Copyright Notice

Literary rights to specific documents are retained by the authors or their descendants in accordance with U.S. copyright law.

Preferred Citation

Hugh A. Tudor Papers (#1154), East Carolina Manuscript Collection, J. Y. Joyner Library, East Carolina University, Greenville, North Carolina, USA.

Acquisition Information

  • Purchase (Special Collections Fund), Maggs Bros. Ltd., London, England

Processing Information

  • Encoded by Jonathan Dembo, November 05, 2009

  • Processed by David Miller 2009


Biographical / Historical Note Click here to collapse or expand the contents in this section of the finding aid

Hugh A. Tudor was an English missionary priest who was associated with the Society for the Propagation of the Gospel in Foreign Parts, Diocese of St. John’s Kaffraria, Griqualand East Parish, South Africa. The SPG was established in 1701 as a way to spread Christianity in the American colonies. The SPG quickly grew and began sending missionaries to other countries. In 1821, the SPG made its way into South Africa, where Tudor was stationed in 1884.

Description Click here to collapse or expand the contents in this section of the finding aid

The bulk of the collection consists of correspondence (1884-97) by Tudor describing his work as a missionary in South Africa. Contained in the correspondence is a letter (9/12/1884) written aboard a ship lying off Moville-Londonderry, Ireland, en route to South Africa from Liverpool, England. Also mentioned are a visit to Qangu, South Africa (1/17/1895), comparisons of Kaffir services and “White” services (1/17/1895), various problems within congregations, fees natives must pay for religious purposes, mixed marriages, polygamy, and witchcraft (6/4/1895), the blame of “White men” for agricultural problems (11/12/1896), and the expansion of new churches.

Also contained in the collection is a pamphlet, “Historical Sketches: St. John’s, Kaffraria” (1912), that describes the native peoples of the diocese, early missionary work prior to 1873 and the history of Church of England missionaries, from 1873-1911.

Container List Click here to collapse or expand the contents in this section of the finding aid

  • Box 1#1154.1
    • Folder a#1154.1.a
      • Hugh A. Tudor (12 Sept. 1884) letter to his mother aboard the Ship Circassian, lying off Moville-Londonderry, Ireland, en route to South Africa describing his departure from Liverpool, fellow passengers & accommodations, religious services aboard ship. ALS. 1 item. 2 p.  (item #1)
      • Hugh A. Tudor (17 Jan. 1895) circular letter of a Church of England missionary, dated Mount Frere, Griqualand East, South Africa, to his family and friends, apologizing for not writing more frequently and asking that recipients of the circular letter write to him, describing the length of Kaffir versus White Christmas services in South Africa, integrated services, having learned to read the service in Kaffir, the difficulties of carrying supplies to the different congregations he served, the characteristics of various native church workers, shortage of funds to pay native workers, visit to Qangu, etc. ALS. 1 item. 5 p. Note: Includes names & addresses of persons to receive the letter.  (item #2)
      • Hugh A. Tudor (4 June 1895) circular letter of a Church of England missionary, dated the Parsonage, Mount Frere, Griqualand East, South Africa, to his family and friends, apologizing for the delay since his previous circular letter due to his heavy work load, describing the parsonage and its disadvantages, Easter services at Kaffir and White congregations, the problems of the different congregations or "stations" he served, visit to the transmontane or ultramontane stations, every native man must pay 2 shillings quarterly to the church's funds, & every woman must pay 1 shilling 3 d., but unwilling to pay, government school inspections, polygamy, mixed marriages, witchcraft, tobacco, native servants, servants wages, horses, etc. ALS. 1 item. 6 p. Note: Includes names & addresses of persons to receive the letter.  (item #3)
      • Hugh A. Tudor (31 March 1896) circular letter to family and friends, dated Katkop, Quintu, where he is visiting mission stations with the Bishop, waiting for a Basuto Chief named Sofonia, who has promised to donate a church site, description of the Basutos, conversions of Basutos, etc. 1 item. 3 p. Note: Includes names & addresses of persons to receive the letter.  (item #4)
      • Hugh A. Tudor (12 Nov. 1896) circular letter of a Church of England missionary, dated Mount Frere, Griqualand East, South Africa, to his family and friends, commenting on the difficulties of corresponding regularly, hardships of traveling and supervising native workers, anxiety over the rinderpest plague north of the Orange River, community depends on cattle, government efforts to prevent its spread, also locust plague attacking crops, all blamed on White men by the natives, but work of Church goes on successfully, now have 4 native deacons & 18 lay preachers & catechists to help with native services, he does all White services, demands for 12 new churches in his parish but lacks money to build the churches, etc. ALS. 1 item. 3 p.  (item #5)
      • Hugh A. Tudor (29 Nov. 1896) copy of the quarterly report of the Missionary at Mount Frere to the Society for the Propagation of the Gospel in Foreign Parts, Society of St. John's Kaffraria, Griqualand East, South Africa, noting the temporary addition of a new European village to his parish, Mount Fletcher, which is 50 miles distant, weekly services in distant churches, no priest in Eastern Pondoland, rapid progress of native work, especially in Lumbu District, Ncoti, & Nghayi, despite opposition from the Presbyterian mission at Nghayi congregation continues to grow, growth in Gxidides District, between Tabaukulu and Flagstaff where he has sent a native deacon, Re. E. Mayekiss, also excellent prospects in Nadilein District, 30 miles from Mount Frere, where Wesleyan Missionaries have been active in the past, greatest need is for a more experienced priests to serve White people & supervise the native work, postscript, etc. ALS. 1 item. 4 p. Note: Includes names & addresses of persons to receive the letter.  (item #6)
      • Hugh A. Tudor (6 May - 27 July 1897) circular letter to family and friends, dated the Parsonage, Mount Frere, Griqualand East, South Africa, where he reports a surprise snow storm which brought a touch of England and Canada, meeting at St. James Umtata proposed him as future Rector of the Parrish, must happen soon as parish is too large for one pries, headquarters of Cape Mounted Rifles, White population of 1,500-2,000, prospect of railway service, description of St. James Church, etc. 1 item. 3 p. Note: Includes names & addresses of persons to receive the letter. moving from Mount Frere Parrish to St. James Parrish, did not like prospect of working only with European parishioners, effect of Christianity on the "raw heathen face", etc. ALS. 1 item. 4 p.  (item #7)
      • Frank V. Baker (20 June 1897) to W. Fortier, dated All Saints, Winnipeg [Canada] returning Hugh A. Tudor's previous letter and reporting having received the report and letter of 21 Aug. and 11 Sept. 1896 describing new church building. ALS. 1 item.  (item #8)
    • Folder b#1154.1.b
      Historical Sketches: St. John's, Kaffraria, published by the Society for the Propagation of the Gospel in Foreign Parts, Westminster, London, England (1912). Pamphlet. 1 item. 13 p. Note: Cover photograph of Umtata Cathedral, Dioceses of St. John's, Kaffraria. Kaffraria was located in the northeastern portion of the Cape Colony, South Africa. The pamphlet describes the native peoples of the diocese, early missionary work prior to 1873 and the history of Church of England missionaries, from 1873 to 1911. It also includes statistics for church membership in 1911.
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This is a finding aid. It is a description of archival material held in the Special Collections Division, J.Y. Joyner Library, East Carolina University. The materials described here are physically available in our reading room. None of the original documents in this collection are digitally available online at this time.
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