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J.C. Peele, M.D. Papers, ca. 1918-1987, undated

Manuscript Collection #1030

Descriptive Summary Click here to collapse or expand the contents in this section of the finding aid

Title: J.C. Peele, M.D. Papers
Creators: Peele, J. C.
Turner, Anne Sheppard
Repository: ECU Manuscript Collection
Languages: English
Abstract: October 26, 2005,133 boxes, 55.0 cubic feet; Papers (ca 1918-1987, undated) of Kinston, NC physician and anti-communist lecturer, including correspondence, clippings, photocopies, and printed materials, relating to his collection on the history, membership, and activities of communist, socialist, anti-semitic, and radical organizations and movements, and their opponents in North Carolina, the United States, and internationally, including the Spartacist League, the Communist Party, USA, the John Birch Society, and the Christian Anti-Communism Crusade; transferred from the Hoover Collection on International Communism, 10/26/2005.
Extent: 55.0 Cubic feet, 113 boxes, correspondence, clippings, photocopies and printed materials

Administrative Information Click here to collapse or expand the contents in this section of the finding aid

Accessions Information

October 26, 2005, 133 boxes, 55.0 cubic feet; Papers (ca 1918-1987, undated) of Kinston, NC physician and anti-communist lecturer, including correspondence, clippings, photocopies, and printed materials, relating to his collection on the history, membership, and activities of communist, socialist, anti-semitic, and radical organizations and movements, and their opponents in North Carolina, the United States, and internationally, including the Spartacist League, the Communist Party, USA, the John Birch Society, and the Christian Anti-Communism Crusade; transferred from the Hoover Collection on International Communism, 10/26/2005. See preliminary inventory attached. Donor: Dr. J. C. Peele, M.D.

June 20, 2014, 1 item, 0.001 cubic foot; A copy of a November 3, 1975, letter written and signed by Anne Sheppard Turner [usually spelled Ann Shepard Turner] and addressed to "Greetings my Comrades." Ann Shepard Turner was one of the Wilmington 10 who were arrested in 1971 for supposedly firebombing a white-owned grocery store in a predominantly black Wilmington, N.C., neighborhood. The Wilmington 10 were found guilty in 1972, had their sentences overturned in 1980, and were pardoned in 2012. Puchased with state money from Bolerium Books, San Francisco, CA.

Access Restrictions

No restrictions

Copyright Notice

Literary rights to specific documents are retained by the authors or their descendants in accordance with U.S. copyright law.

Preferred Citation

J.C. Peele, M.D. Papers (#1030), East Carolina Manuscript Collection, J. Y. Joyner Library, East Carolina University, Greenville, North Carolina, USA.

Acquisition Information

  • Gift of Dr. J. C. Peele, M.D.
  • Purchased with state money from Bolerium Books

Processing Information

  • Encoded by Lindsay Flood, April 1, 2008

  • Container List by Nanette Hardison and Kion'Shay Whitey June 2010

  • Description by Dale Sauter 2011


Biographical / Historical Note Click here to collapse or expand the contents in this section of the finding aid

James Clarendon Peele was born in La Grange, North Carolina on August 17, 1911, the son of James Fletcher and Mary Vera (Wooten) Peele. He attended La Grange High School, then the University of North Carolina, where he received the A. B. degree in 1932. On May 21, 1933, Peele and the former Lois Lee Culler of Kernersville, Forsyth County, North Carolina, were married. He studied at UNC’s medical school from 1933 through 1935 and received his medical degree in Otolaryngology in1937 from Temple University School of Medicine in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania. Peele next received internships at Temple University Hospital, and later at Baylor University Hospital in Dallas, Texas. During World War II, he served from July 1942 to July 1946, as a Captain in the U. S. Army. Peele became a member of the American Board of Otolaryngology in 1942.

Besides continuing to study Otolaryngology and Broncho-Esophagology at various other academic hospitals during the next few years, Peele also retained a private practice from August 1946 to January 1948 in Goldsboro, North Carolina specializing in diseases of the ear, nose, and throat. He also studied related medical observations from 1948 to 1954 in the Department of Broncho-Esophagology at Temple University School of Medicine and Jefferson Medical College. In September of 1956, Peele took the Fomon Course in Rhino plastic Surgery at Manhattan General Hospital in New York, and received the Master of Medical Science, a post graduate Medical degree from Medico-Chirurgical College, Graduate School of Medicine, University of Pennsylvania, on February 10, 1951.

Peele was also a member of Wayne County Medical Society, President of Lenoir County Medical Society, a member of North Carolina Medical Society, Chairman, Section on Ophthalmology and Otolaryngology, and Vice-Counselor of the Second Medical District. Other professional memberships of Peele included the Southern Medical Association, Seaboard Medical Association of Virginia and North Carolina, American College of Surgeons, American Laryngologicical, Rheological, and Ontological Society, and Honorary of the Tidewater Ophthalmological and Otoaryngological Association, and the North Carolina Eye, Ear, Nose, and Throat Society, of which he was also Vice President from 1954 to 1955 and President in 1956. Dr. Peele also served on the Board of Directors of Lenoir County Tuberculosis Association and on the Lenoir County Morehead Scholarship Committee and authored at least sixteen medical publications.

Peele was a member of Rotary International and a registered Democrat, though he sometimes voted as an Independent. He was a member and former President of the Baptist Brotherhood in his church, the First Baptist of Kinston, North Carolina, as well as a member of the Board of Deacons. Peele extended his professional skill into his hobby of laryngeal photography. He was also interested in collecting literature on communism and anti-communism. In 1968 Peele gave to East Carolina University’s Joyner Library his collection of monographs, serials, pamphlets, leaflets and ephemeral materials pertaining to pro-communist and anti-communist organizations. This would become The J. Edgar Hoover Collection on International Communism. This collection currently contains more than 5,000 titles, some of which are not available elsewhere.

Partial Source: Dictionary of North Carolina Biography, William S. Powell (Editor)

Description Click here to collapse or expand the contents in this section of the finding aid

Peele’s unprocessed papers include correspondence, clippings, photocopies, and printed materials. These materials relate to Peele’s collecting interest on the history, membership, and activities of communist, socialist, anti-Semitic, and radical organizations and movements, and their opponents in North Carolina, the United States, and internationally. Included among the organizations are the Spartacist League, the Communist Party, USA, the John Birch Society, and the Christian Anti-Communism Crusade. These materials were transferred from the Hoover Collection on International Communism in 2005. For more details, see preliminary inventory below.

Related Collections Click here to collapse or expand the contents in this section of the finding aid

Preliminary Inventory Click here to collapse or expand the contents in this section of the finding aid

Below is material taken from a preliminary inventory and represents content from the collection that is unprocessed.

  • Box 6#1030.6
    • Folder a#1030.6.a
      Editorials from the Arsenal of Conservative and Patriotic Literature, January 1960-September 1960
    • Folder b#1030.6.b
      Editorials from the Arsenal of Conservative and Patriotic Literature, July 1960-October 1961
    • Folder c#1030.6.c
      Editorials from the Arsenal of Conservative and Patriotic Literature, January 1960-March 1963
  • Box 8#1030.8
    • Folder a#1030.8.a
      Articles on Olive T. Dargan; November 1932-February 1959
    • Folder b#1030.8.b
      Various Articles on North Carolina Poets; December 1928-January 1968
    • Folder c#1030.8.c
      News Articles and the play "Let Freedom Ring"; October 1929-August 1960
    • Folder d#1030.8.d
      Newspaper Clippings concerning labor, civil rights movement activities, China, J. Robert Oppenheimer, and the cost of electricity in NC; December 1935-February 1980
    • Folder e#1030.8.e
      Various Newspaper articles on Communist Activities, Labor and the South; September 1929-February 1974
Box 17#1030.17
Daily Gazette (Gastonia, NC) Newspaper Articles; April-September 1929; The Weekly Crusader (Legal Depositions); 1966
Box 39#1030.39
Political Publications; 1957-1968
Box 40#1030.40
Political Publications; 1956-1966
  • Box 106#1030.106
    • Folder a#1030.106.a
      ACA-INDEX An analysis of the voting record of each member in the…Congress of the United States Research and Evaluation by Americans for Constitutional Action; 1960

Online access to this finding aid is supported with funds created through the federal Library Services and Technology Act (LSTA). These funds come through a grant from the Institute of Museum and Library Services which is administered by the State Library of North Carolina, a division of the North Carolina Department of Cultural Resources. This grant is part of the North Carolina ECHO, Exploring Cultural Heritage Online, Digitization Grant Program.

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This is a finding aid. It is a description of archival material held in the Special Collections Division, J.Y. Joyner Library, East Carolina University. The materials described here are physically available in our reading room. To see what's been digitized in this collection, please click on the "View Digitized Objects" link, or look for hyperlinks in the preliminary inventory
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