The collection consists of a pocket notebook containing fourteen pages extant which belonged to James H. Mills of Pitt County, N.C., who served in Company I of the 44th Regiment, N.C. Troops, during the Civil War. Company I, of the 44th Regiment N.C. Troops, known as the “Eastern Tigers,” was formed in Pitt and Craven Counties, N.C., with enlistment occurring January through March, 1862. The unit was first mustered into action at Camp Magnum, near Raleigh, on April 3rd, 1862, and remained with the 44th Regiment throughout the duration of the Civil War. During its history, the 44th Regiment was called into service in both Virginia and Eastern North Carolina. For a more detailed account of the history of the 44th Regiment NC Troops, see Manarin’s North Carolina Troops, 1861-1865: A Roster, X, 393-396.
Pages and portions of pages of the notebook are missing and the front and back covers are no longer attached but are still preserved with the notebook. The majority of the pages contain muster rolls, supply lists and an order covering the period of February 23, 1862, through at least mid-1864. Dates are often missing or hard to decipher. One entry lists company members who had died, deserted or had taken the oath of allegiance to the U.S. The remainder of the notebook includes accounts bearing post-war dates ending with November 25, 1868.