|Title:||E. Frank Stephenson, Jr., Collection|
|Creator:||Stephenson, E. Frank (Jr.)|
|Repository:||ECU Manuscript Collection|
|Abstract:||Papers (1736-2010) including correspondence, financial documents, legal documents, personal and family materials, printed materials, and photographic materials collected by E. Frank Stephenson, Jr., relating to the Benjamin B. Winborne Family, the R. J. Gatling Family, E. Frank Stephenson, Jr., and other people in North Carolina and Virginia, especially the Murfreesboro, North Carolina, area.The documents were collected by E. Frank Stephenson, Jr., for research use while writing numerous historical publications and to make the items available for other researchers to utilize. Many of Mr. Stephenson's publications are also included in the collection.|
|Extent:||44.0 Cubic feet, 76 containers plus 25 oversize folders.|
May 22, 1995, (original donation), c. 250 items; Papers (1819-1936), including correspondence, ships' manifests, bills of lading, broadsides, accounts, and miscellany pertaining primarily to Hertford County, N. C. Donor: Mr. E. Frank Stephenson, Jr.
October 29, 1996, 7 items; Hertford County, N.C. records (1839-1965), including lists of taxable property (1839, 1945) and Murfreesboro election returns (1865). Donor: Mr. E. Frank Stephenson, Jr.
February 4, 1997, 90 items; Hertford County, N.C. papers, consisting of taxable property polls by district (1845); hired slave work restriction provisions (1855); and Winborne family papers (1876-1925), including correspondence, financial records, legal documents, etc. Donor: Mr. E. Frank Stephenson, Jr.
October 28, 1997, 85 items; Hertford County, N.C. papers, consisting of a shipping manifest (1831), a port-of-entry record (1814), a cabinet maker's rate sheet (1817), deeds (1736-1753), plats (1857-1858), correspondence, financial records, clippings, and miscellany. Donor: Mr. E. Frank Stephenson, Jr.
February 17, 1998, 1 item; Copy of The Citizen (Murfreesboro, N. C.) January 17, 1861. Donor: Mr. E. Frank Stephenson, Jr.
April 8, 1998, 90 items, 2 volumes; Hertford County, N.C. newspapers (1884-1958), a soldier's handbook (1898), genealogical notes, ledgers (1928, undated), and clippings. Donor: Mr. E. Frank Stephenson, Jr.
August 29, 2000, 192 items; Personal correspondence (1894-1933) of members of the Winborne family of Murfreesboro, N.C. Donor: Mr. E. Frank Stephenson, Jr.
February 25, 2002, 1 container, 1 item, 0.0026 cubic feet, 8 pages; Raleigh Christian Advocate newspaper, v. 36 #46, (25 November 1891). Organ of the Methodist Episcopal Church South. 8 p. Donor: Mr. E. Frank Stephenson, Jr.
June 18, 2002, 13 containers, 1 item, 6.63 cubic feet, 8 pages; Collection (1872 - 1981, undated) of papers relating to the B.B. Winborne Family of Murfreesboro, NC, and including correspondence, financial records, manuscript volumes, photographic prints and negatives, printed materials, ephemera and brochures. See preliminary inventory attached. Donor: Mr. E. Frank Stephenson, Jr.
June 25, 2002, 1 container, 229 items, 0.45 cubic feet; Collection (1941-1942) of studio portraits taken by professional photographer Joel C. Holland, Murfreesboro, N.C. Donor: Mr. E. Frank Stephenson, Jr.
September 13, 2002, 1 container, 14 items, 0.004 cubic feet; Collection (c. 1890-1910) of photographic prints from the Vaughan family of Murfreesboro, NC; Ahoskie Tobacco Market bumper sticker (undated) manufactured by Ad-Products, Holland, VA. Donor: Mr. E. Frank Stephenson, Jr.
September 17, 2002, 1 item, 0.003 cubic feet, 4 pages; Letter (3/19/1842) from James Gordon & Co., Norfolk, VA, to Mssrs. Joseph G. Rea & Co., Murfreesboro, NC, together with account, 11/15/1841 - 3/18/1842, of produce on hand, including bacon, herrings, staves, tar, lard, peas, beans, showing an $11.86 balance in favor of James Gordon & Co. ALS. See container list. Rec'd 9/11/2002 Donor: Mr. E. Frank Stephenson, Jr.
September 17, 2002, 8 items, 0.003 cubic feet; Collection (5/1/1893-3/27/1896) of Albemarle Steam Navigation Co., Franklin, VA bills of lading, receipts and envelope for the accounts of James L. Anderson and W. D. Shaw, both of Winton, NC. Donor: Mr. E. Frank Stephenson, Jr.
May 24, 2003, 4 items; Charity and Children, Newspaper, Organ of the Thomasville Baptist Orphanage, Thomasville, NC, Thursday May 12 1904. Vol. 17, no. 34. Donor: Stephenson, E. Frank, Jr. (Mr.)
September 25, 2003, 13 items, 0.25 cubic feet; Collection (1907, 1966, 1986-2001) of books, pamphlets and clippings designed and written by E. Frank Stephenson and Raymond Whitehead and pertaining to the history, biography, and society of Murfreesboro, North Carolina and vicinity. See preliminary inventory. Donor: Mr. E. Frank Stephenson, Jr.
October 17, 2003, 10 items, 0.25 cubic feet; Collection (1972-1992, n.d.) of brochures, books, and articles by or about E. Frank Stephenson, the Johnson Publishing Company, historic preservation in Murfreesboro, NC, and the history, biography, folklore and society of Murfreesboro, North Carolina and vicinity, the English colonies in North America, and Micronesia. See preliminary inventory. Rec?d. 10/3/2003. Donor: Mr. E. Frank Stephenson, Jr.
November 3, 2003, 3 items, 0.05 cubic feet; Collection (2002-2003.) of two books and a press release by or about E. Frank Stephenson, including a pictorial history of the Williams herring fishery on the Meherrin River in Chowan County, the last haul seine operating in North Carolina, and a pictorial history of Hertford County, NC. 3 vols. See preliminary inventory. Rec?d. 10/27/2003. Donor: Mr. E. Frank Stephenson, Jr.
December 5, 2003, 2 items, 0.2 cubic feet; Collection (1971-1973) of two books by E. Frank Stephenson, Jr., concerning the history of Murfreesboro, NC and Hertford County, NC and the historic preservation movement. See preliminary inventory. Rec?d. 11/20/2003. Donor: Mr. E. Frank Stephenson, Jr.
January 16, 2004, 1 item, 0.003 cubic feet; Financial statement (1841-1847) of rents and debts owed to Sarah T. Bryant and Elizabeth Bryant, of Hertford County, North Carolina. Holograph. Rec?d. 1/7/2004. Donor: Mr. E. Frank Stephenson, Jr.
February 24, 2004, 20 items, .097 cubic feet; Collection (1939-1960) of local newspapers including scattered issues of the Murfreesboro, NC The News, 1939-1940 and the Ahoskie, NC The Daily News, 1959-1960, containing articles primarily on local affairs and some articles on state and national affairs. See preliminary inventory. Rec?d 1/22/04. Donor: Mr. E. Frank Stephenson, Jr.
February 24, 2004, 3 items, .02 cubic feet; Collection (1921-1980, n.d.) of The Orphan's Friend and Masonic Journal, 1921, Safe-Scenic Ocean Hiway Historic: 1980 Motorists Guide, and a Murfreesboro Railway Company shares certificate, n.d. See preliminary inventory. Rec?d 2/3/2004. Donor: Mr. E. Frank Stephenson, Jr.
March 1, 2004, 1 item, 0.001 cubic feet; Letterhead stationery (n.d.) of the Basnight Tobacco Warehouses, Ahoskie, NC. Rec?d 2/24/2004. Donor: Mr. E. Frank Stephenson, Jr.
April 1, 2004, 309 items, 0.500 cubic feet; Papers (1840-1998) including correspondence, clippings, photographs, genealogical charts and lists, etc. relating to the Gatling family of Hertford County, NC, including Richard Jordan (R. J.) Gatling, inventor of the Gatling gun and other devices; his brother, Richard H. (R.H.) Gatling; and John W. Gatling, son of R.H. Gatling. See preliminary inventory. Rec?d 3/23/2004. Donor: Mr. E. Frank Stephenson, Jr.
February 4, 2005, 1 item, 0.23 cubic feet; Chowan College: The Campus History Series, by Frank Stephenson (Charleston, SC, etc: Arcadia Publishing, ©2004) ISBN 0-7385-1638-4. Rec?d 10/19/2004. Donor: Mr. E. Frank Stephenson, Jr.
February 4, 2005, 5900 items, 13.3 cubic feet; Collection (ca. 1978-2002) of photographic negative strips and prints of news images relating to Hertford County, Bertie County, Northampton County, and Gates County, North Carolina, published in the Roanoke-Chowan News Herald newspaper, in Ahoskie, NC. Rec?d 1/27/2005. Donor: Mr. E. Frank Stephenson, Jr.
September 20, 2005, 121 items, 0.45 cubic feet; Collection (ca. 1935-1992, n.d.) of photographic prints, negatives, biographical notes and clippings produced by the Roanoke-Chowan News Herald newspaper, in Ahoskie, NC. See preliminary inventory. Rec?d 9/15/2005. Donor: Mr. E. Frank Stephenson, Jr.
September 23, 2005, 47 items, 0.02 cubic feet; Collection (ca. 1992-2004, n.d.) of photographic negative strips produced by the Roanoke-Chowan News Herald newspaper, in Ahoskie, NC. Color negative strips. Rec?d 9/16/2005. Donor: Mr. E. Frank Stephenson, Jr.
September 23, 2005, 2 items, 0.001 cubic feet; Collection (6/17/1879 & 7/10/1879) including a letter from H. A. Gilliam, partner of R. H. Gatling?s son, John Gatling, in the firm of Gilliam & Gatling, Attorneys at Law, Raleigh, North Carolina, dated 17 June 1879, to Mr. B. B. Winborne relating to Winborne v. Bryan, USK [?] 47; Receipt, dated 10 July 1879, for settlement of James H. Gatling v. Richmond Griston [?]. Rec?d 9/16/2005. Donor: Mr. E. Frank Stephenson, Jr.
October 4, 2005, 1 item, 0.100 cubic feet; Notebook (1849) compiled by Richard Jordan Gatling, while as student Ohio Medical College, Cincinnati, Ohio, recording lectures delivered by Profs. [Reuben Diamond] Mussey, [John P.] Harrison, [William] Shotwell, [Leonidas Moreau] Lawson, [John] Locke, and [Marmaduke Burr] Wright regarding human anatomy, medical definitions, medicines, and the causes, diagnoses, and treatments of a variety of condition and diseases, including abscesses, burns, frostbite, wounds, tetanus, venereal diseases, diseases of the joints, gastritis, dysentery, spasmodic colon, cholera, hepatitis, splenitis, peritonitis, laryngitis, croup, whooping cough, bronchitis, asthma, pneumonia, pleurisy, typhoid, malaria, children?s diseases, etc. 3.75? x 5.75?. Rec'd 9/23/2005. Donor: Mr. E. Frank Stephenson, Jr,.
October 28, 2005, 3 items, 0.001 cubic feet; Engraving plates (n.d.) for Dr. & Mrs. Richard J[ordan] Gatling greeting cards; sample printed envelope. Copper & Paper. 3.75? x 2.125? & 4.25? x 2.75?. Rec?d 10/19/2005. Note: R.J. Gatling was the inventor of the Gatling Gun. Donor: Mr. E. Frank Stephenson, Jr.
January 31, 2006, 3 items, 0.01 cubic feet; Richard Jordan Gatling Family photographic prints (ca. 1850, 1860, 1910), including portraits of his brother, Thomas Barnes Gatling; wife, Jemima S. Gatling; and son, Richard Henry Gatling, of Murfreesboro, North Carolina. Carte de visite, daguerreotype in copper frame, sepia print. Rec?d 10/25/2005. Donor: Mr. E. Frank Stephenson, Jr.
April 24, 2006, 1 items, 0.001 cubic feet; Commencement Exercises program (7/19/1871) of Buckhorn Academy, Ahoskie, NC, featuring an address by Dennis Worthington, of the Winton, NC bar. Rec?d 2/7/2006. Donor: Mr. E. Frank Stephenson, Jr.
April 24, 2006, 13 items, 0.046 cubic feet; Collection (1954-1962) of Ahoskie, NC Daily News newspapers containing articles primarily on local affairs but including some on state and national affairs. See preliminary inventory. Rec?d 2/7/2006. Donor: Mr. E. Frank Stephenson, Jr.
November 9, 2006, 1 item, 0.046 cubic feet; Chowan Beach: Remembering an African American Resort, by Frank Stephenson. (Charleston, SC & London: History Press, ©2006) ISBN 1.59629.164.8. See preliminary inventory. Rec?d 9/28/2006. Notes: Pictorial history of resort on Chowan River, in Hertford County, North Carolina during and after segregation, ca. 1926-2004. Donor: Mr. E. Frank Stephenson, Jr.
January 3, 2007, 7 items, 0.046 cubic feet; Collection (1961-1995, n.d.) of clippings and printed materials relating to the Meherrin River commercial herring fishery, rivers along the Intracoastal Waterway in Eastern North Carolina, and the history of Manteo and Winton, NC. See preliminary inventory. Recd. 11/27/2006. Donor: Mr. E. Frank Stephenson, Jr.
August 20, 2007, 2 items, 0.001 cubic feet; Obituary clipping & Advertising blotter (1906, 1940s) including obituary of Colonel James Madison Wynn, 1834-1906, of Murfreesboro, North Carolina, who served in the Civil War as 1st Lt. ? Capt., in the 2nd Regiment, North Carolina Cavalry, 1861-1865; also advertising blotter for Basnight Tobacco Warehouses, Ahoskie, NC, No. 1 wood; No. 2, brick, with photographs of owners & operators Johnnie Wilkins & Lyman Wilkins; also advertising World War II war bonds. Recd. 3/9/2007. Donor: Mr. E. Frank Stephenson, Jr.
October 3, 2007, 2 items, 0.001 cubic feet; Clippings and Book (1993-2007) pertaining to life in the Roanoke-Chowan vicinity of North Carolina including clippings relating to the inventor of the Gatling Gun, a review of a Chitlin cookbook compiled by the donor, the Meherrin Indians Thanksgiving festival, Hurricane Floyd, martial arts instruction, etc.; also the donor's book entitled Herring Fishermen: Images of an Eastern North Carolina Tradition. See preliminary inventory. Recd. 8/29/2007. Donor: Mr. E. Frank Stephenson, Jr.
June 12, 2008, 26 items, 0.250 cubic feet; Collection (1958-2003, undated) of letters, clippings, and printed materials including newspapers and pamphlets related to the history of the eastern North Carolina communities of Ahoskie, Murfreesboro, Bertie County, and Hertford County and the historical writings of E. Frank Stephenson, Jr. and others related to the Meherrin Indians, the herring fishing industry, and the "Cornfield Boys" Negro League baseball team from Ahoskie, N.C., etc. See preliminary inventory. Rec'd 5/9, 5/12, 5/13/2008. Donor: Mr. E. Frank Stephenson, Jr.
November 3, 2008, 23 items, 0.15 cubic feet; Collection (1966-1971, undated) of Northampton County Cousins, Vol. 1, No. 1 ? Vol. 4, No. 3, a newsletter devoted to the genealogy and history of Northampton County, North Carolina, edited by Mrs. Taney Brazeal and published in Fairhope, Alabama; and Special Bulletins No. 2-5. Mimeographed typescript. See preliminary inventory. Recd. 8/1/2008. Donor: Mr. E. Frank Stephenson, Jr.
September 15, 2009, 231 items, 8.00 cubic feet; Collection (1860-2006, undated) of photographs, correspondence, research material, drafts of published works, & printed materials relating to the history and genealogy of Murfreesboro, North Carolina, the Meherrin River Valley, & vicinity. See preliminary inventory. Rec'd 10/31/2008. Donor: Mr. E. Frank Stephenson, Jr.
September 29, 2009, 94 items, 0.089 cubic feet; Collection (1916-1919, 1945-2008) including genealogical & historical correspondence & writings; newspaper clippings; diary of Annie Dillard Darden containing genealogical information on the Darden family of Maney?s Neck, Herford County, North Carolina; magazine reviews of the donor?s books; a photograph album (1916-1919) compiled by Kate J. Dobbs, when she was a student at Chowan College, Murfreesboro, NC; also includes newspapers containing reviews of the donor?s books, etc. Originals & Photocopies. See preliminary inventory. Recd. 7/16/2009. Donor: Mr. E. Frank Stephenson, Jr.
July 16, 2011 (addition 42), 607 items, 3.0 cubic feet; Materials include correspondence (1964-1981); transcriptions and typescripts and photocopies of letters and legal documents (1752-1938); newspaper and magazine clippings (1898-2009); printed programs; publications; and brochures and photographs related to Stephenson’s historical research or to the history of the Murfreesboro and Hertford County, N.C., area. Many documents relate to the Gatling family, the Gatling Gun and the USS GATLING. Included are U.S. Navy images of the USS GATLING (1943, 1953), correspondence (1879, 1897, 1936-1968), photographs taken of the ca. 1842 oil paintings of Richard Jordan Gatling and his parents and siblings, and articles written about the Gatling Gun (1957, 1979-1980). Recd. 9/28/2009, 11/9/2009, 12/31/2009, 2/2/2010, 5/19/2010, 7/9/2010, 8/20/2010, 9/16/2010, 12/19/2010, and 1/27/2011. Donor: Mr. E. Frank Stephenson, Jr.
June 18, 2014 (unprocessed addition 1), 1.0 cubic feet; Materials related to the history of Hertford County, N.C., including photographs and documents concerning the Gatling and Vann families, Wesleyan Female College in Murfreesboro, Dr. Walter Reed, the Albemarle Steam Navigation Co. (Winton), Clara Barton, Yeates-Vaughan House, the Lassiter Hotel, and Camp P. D. Hunt Club; newspaper articles; and a book written by Mr. Stephenson titled, Riverside Manufacturing Company, Murfreesboro, North Carolina. Received May 7, August 3 & 25, and December 21, 2011; April 5, 8, and 12, May 9, August 8, November 1, 9, and 16, and December 19, 2012; and September 5, October 11, 17, 24, and 31, and November 1, 7, 8, and 22, 2013. Donor: Mr. E. Frank Stephenson, Jr.
Literary rights to specific documents are retained by the authors or their descendants in accordance with U.S. copyright law.
E. Frank Stephenson, Jr., Collection (#692), East Carolina Manuscript Collection, J. Y. Joyner Library, East Carolina University, Greenville, North Carolina, USA.
Processed by Amanda Keeny, 2011
Encoded by Apex Data Services
Benjamin Brodie Winborne (April 14, 1854-1919) practiced law in Hertford County, North Carolina. He was the son of Major Samuel Darden Winborne and Mary H. Pretlow Winborne (d. August 24, 1900) and the grandson of Martha Warren Winborne, possibly the daughter of Robert Warren. In his youth, he attended Buckhorn Academy near Como under the tutelage of J.H. Picot, a school teacher of recent French ancestry. In 1871 he entered Wake Forest College and stayed until 1872. He graduated from Columbia University's law school in June, 1874. Winborne then entered employment as a law clerk in the firm of Smith and Strong in Raleigh, North Carolina until he came of age on April 14, 1875 to be admitted to the North Carolina bar. Two months after his admission to the bar, Winborne moved to Winton, North Carolina. He was elected solicitor in 1877. In January 1880, he moved to Murfreesboro, North Carolina and practiced law there until his death in 1919. From 1891 to 1897 excluding the brief period that he served in the 1895 legislature, he served as judge of the Hertford County Criminal Court. Winborne served in the North Carolina House of Representatives in 1895, 1905, 1907, and 1908 (special session), ran for Speakership of the House in 1905, and ran for North Carolina Attorney General in 1908. During the years of Winborne’s law practice, his firm was known successively as B.B. Winborne (1875 to c.1879), Winborne Brothers (c. 1879 to 1892), Winborne and Lawrence (1892 to 1909), Winborne and Winborne (1908 to 1919), and eventually Stanley Winborne.
On December 23, 1879, Winborne married Cornelia (Nellie) Vaughan (b. 1853 or 1854), the daughter of Uriah Vaughan, a wealthy Hertford County landowner. To this marriage were born Stanley Winborne who became an attorney, member of both the North Carolina House of Representatives and North Carolina Senate, and North Carolina Corporation Commissioner; Benjamin Brodie Winborne, Jr. who became a farmer and merchant, and Uriah Vaughan Winborne and Micajah Winborne who died in childhood. Stanley Winborne married Frances Sharp Jernigan, (daughter of Thomas Roberts Jernigan) in April, 1912, and to this marriage were born Stanley Winborne, Jr., Mollie J. Winborne, Thomas P. Winborne, Frances J. Winborne, Rosa Vaughan Winborne, Vaughan Sharp Winborne, and Samuel Pretlow Winborne. Winborne's brother, Robert Warren Winborne, who practiced law with him in Murfreesboro until 1891, married Dora Merrifield (daughter of an Indiana judge), and moved to Virginia. Their sons were Roger Merrifield Winborne and Robert Warren Winborne, Jr. Dora Merrifield Winborne died in 1900, and Robert Warren Winborne married Rosa Vaughan, sister of Nellie Vaughan Winborne and daughter of Uriah Vaughan. No children were born to this marriage.
R. J. Gatling
Dr. Richard Jordan Gatling (September 12, 1818 – February 26, 1903) was born in Hertford County, North Carolina to Jordan Gatling (May 14, 1783 – April 13, 1848) and Mary Barnes Gatling (October 30, 1795 – September 30, 1868). Jordan Gatling owned and farmed a large tract of land in Hertford County. Jordan and Mary married on October 30, 1795, and had six children: Thomas Barnes Gatling (September 29, 1811 – May 14, 1857), Mary Ann Gatling (September 29, 1813 – October 4, 1838), James H. Gatling (July 15, 1816 – September 2, 1879), Richard Jordan Gatling, Wa. Jesse Gatling (July 19, 1826 – August 6, 1884), and Martha Sarah Gatling (September 29, 1828 – July 22, 1846).
Richard Jordan Gatling copied records in the office of the county clerk in Hertford County at age 16. At age 19, R. J. took a position teaching school, but he soon abandoned this position to enter the realm of merchandising. Richard Jordan Gatling invented the screw propeller used in steam-vessels, but when he applied for a patent in 1839, he found that a patent had already been granted to someone else for the same invention. Soon after, he invented a seed-sowing machine for sowing rice and received a patent for his invention. He also adapted his machine to sowing wheat in drills. R. J. moved to St. Louis in 1844 and worked as a clerk in a dry-goods store. By 1845, his seed-sowing machines were so popular that he gave up all other occupations to focus on improving and selling these machines.
While traveling from Cincinnati to Pittsburgh by steamboat in the winter of 1845-1846, R. J. Gatling contracted small-pox and lay without medical attention for 13 days because his steamboat was stuck in the ice. It was this experience that led R. J. to study medicine. He took classes at the Indiana Medical College, Laporte, and at the Ohio Medical College at Cincinnati. He concluded his studies in 1850, and then resumed the manufacturing and selling of his seed-sowing machines in Indianapolis. He received many prizes and medals for his drills. Another agricultural invention introduced by R. J. Gatling was a double-action hemp brake. In 1849, he introduced the idea of distributing power from a main source to other points by way of compressed air in pipes laid beneath the ground as gas and water pipes are laid. R. J. invented a steam-plough to be operated by both animal and steam power in 1857, but was unable to work out the details due to ill-health.
Richard Jordan Gatling married Jemima T. Sanders (May 1837 – September 26, 1908) on October 24, 1854. Richard and Jemima had five children: Mary S. Gatling (October 5, 1855 – ?), Ida Gatling (September 5, 1858 – January 13, 1911), Willie S. Gatling (January 24, 1861 – ?), Richard Henry Gatling (March 7, 1870 – January 14, 1941), and Robert Boone Gatling (October 9, 1872 – December 2, 1903).
The invention for which Dr. Gatling is most well-known is the machine gun known as the Gatling gun, conceived in 1861. When the Civil War broke out, Dr. Gatling realized that most of the casualties in war were the result of disease and exposure, so he sought to invent a labor-saving device for war. He thought that if one man could do the work of a hundred, by way of a machine, then many men could be saved from danger and large armies would no longer be necessary. Dr. Gatling constructed and fired the first Gatling gun in the spring of 1862 in Indianapolis. It fired 250 shots per minute. Gatling guns were first employed by the Union forces under James Butler on the James River near Richmond. The guns were adopted by the government and, in August, 1866, the government ordered 100 of them. The Gatling gun was soon adopted by Russia, Turkey, Hungary, Egypt, and England. Dr. Gatling settled in Hartford Connecticut and founded the Gatling Gun Company.
Dr. Gatling accumulated both wealth and fame following his invention of the Gatling gun. By 1897, however, his wealth had vanished and he was living in New York City with his wife and daughter. He turned his attention to inventing a tractor in 1901, but his health failed. On February 23, 1903, he died penniless. Two ships were named after him by the U.S. government during World War II, and his gun was revived in 1958 as the Vulcan gun on U.S. warships and warplanes.
E. Frank Stephenson, Jr.
E. Frank Stephenson, Jr. is a native of the Murfreesboro-Como are of North Carolina. He received his Associate degree from Chowan University and received his master’s degree from North Carolina State University. Mr. Stephenson is married to Margaret Long Stephenson and has two sons and a daughter. In 1966, he became the Director of Admissions at Chowan University and has worked at Chowan University ever since. While working at Chowan, Mr. Stephenson founded the Upward Bound program. Through this program, students with college potential in Bertie, Northampton, and Hertford counties are identified and recruited for a six-week summer residential program. They also receive academic help and attend tutoring sessions during the school year. More than 2,000 students have participated in this program. Mr. Stephenson is also an advocate for historic preservation in North Carolina, and pioneered the “adaptive use” concept. He is a well-known historian and author who works to preserve northeastern North Carolina heritage. He has published more than twenty books, and has received numerous awards and recognitions, including the Nancy Susan Reynolds Award.
The collection is divided into seven series: Winborne Family, Gatling Family, E. Frank Stephenson, Jr., Other North Carolina-Related Materials, Non-North Carolina-Related Materials, Photographic Materials, and Oversized Materials. Each series is then divided into subseries based on type of material (i.e. Correspondence, Financial and Legal Documentation, Personal and Family Materials, etc.), with the exception of the Photographic Materials series, which is subdivided by topic.
The collection contains materials relating to the Benjamin B. Winborne Family (1851 – 1977). These materials include correspondence to and from B. B. Winborne and Nellie Winborne, as well as their sons, Stanley Winborne and B. B. Winborne, Jr. The correspondence includes letters of business, as well as personal letters between family members and friends (Oct. 1972 – Oct. 1964). Much of the correspondence is business correspondence to B. B. Winborne concerning various cases. Other correspondence is written to Nellie from various family members about everyday life. There are also many letters between B. B. and Nellie and their sons once their sons moved away from home (Jan. 1896 – Oct. 1964). Also included are financial and legal documents of the Winborne Family (Feb. 1879 – Jun. 1956). Some of the financial documents are receipts from different family purchases. There are some business financial documents, as well as documents of offerings collected in Sunday School. The financial documents dating after B. B. Winborne’s death are family financial documents, which include receipts, checks, and bank statements. The legal materials consist of documents from the Winbornes’ employment as lawyers. Other materials in the series include class schedules and notes, as well as various advertisements, tracts, calling cards, and fliers (1851 – 1977). Related photographic materials are found in the Photographic Materials series.
The papers also include materials relating to Richard Jordan Gatling and his family (1848 – 1980). The correspondence includes letters to and from R. J. Gatling, W. J. Gatling, John Gatling, Jack W. Gatling, Eleanor Gatling, R. H. Gatling, and John W. Gatling (1848 – 1966). The letters to and from R. J. Gatling are mostly to or from family members. Some mention the Gatling gun (August 2, 1865, December 21, 1873). There is also a letter written by R. J. Gatling concerning “the trial of the man, Vann, who killed my Brother,” James H. Gatling (October 18, 1879). There is a letter written by John Gatling to B. B. Winborne. The financial and legal documents relate to James Henry Gatling and his estate (1840 – 1964). Also included are personal and family materials containing information about R. J. Gatling, the Gatling gun, and R. J.’s death, as well as information about his family (1846 – 1980). Of particular interest is a notebook (1849) compiled by R. J. Gatling while he attended Ohio Medical College (692.11.g). The Gatling Family printed material includes articles about R. J. Gatling and the Gatling gun, as well as two engraving plates for Dr. and Mrs. R. J. Gatling and other advertisements, fliers, and tracts belonging to the Gatlings. Related photographic materials are found in the Photographic Materials series.
The E. Frank Stephenson, Jr. series contains documents written by and about E. Frank Stephenson, Jr. (1964 – 2010). The correspondence (September 1964 – July 2002) consists of letters both to and from Mr. Stephenson and many are regarding historic preservation in North Carolina. Of particular note are the letters (692.14.c, 692.14.d) from Andy Griffith (December 30, 1977; June 9, 1978; February 6, 1978). The majority of this series consists of printed material by or about Mr. Stephenson (1964 – 2010). It contains 19 of Mr. Stephenson’s books (see container list), and many of his articles. Also included are book reviews of some of his books, articles about Mr. Stephenson, photocopies of some of some of his awards, and press releases about Mr. Stephenson. There are also some photographs taken by Mr. Stephenson in the Oversize Materials series.
The collection also contains materials relating to various individuals in North Carolina (1786-2003). These materials include correspondence, financial and legal documentation, personal and family materials, and printed materials. Of particular interest are the financial documents of the Daniel and Shaw Drug Company (692.17.e, 692.17.f), and an assortment of ships manifests (692.18.c). The personal and family materials consist mostly of genealogical research materials about many North Carolina families and individuals, including the Baker Family, Stephen Barton, Jr., Oliver Perry Copeland, George Grimes, Albert Gamaliel Jones, the Lawrence Family, the Little Family, the Maney Family, the Wheeler Family, the Winborne Family, and families from Murfreesboro, North Carolina. There is also a diary (1856-1858, 1861) written by Annie Dillard of Hertford County (692.19.a), and eleven Cluett Peabody and Company detachable shirt cuffs (692.19.m). The bulk of the North Carolina-Related Materials series consists of printed materials. This includes books, magazines, newsletters, programs, and newspaper clippings. These printed materials were separated by region. Folders 692.20.a – 692.21.h contain North Carolina printed materials relating to areas outside of Northeastern North Carolina. Folders 692.22.a – 692.23.i contain printed materials relating to Murfreesboro, North Carolina. Folders 692.23.j – 692.23.u contain printed materials relating to Hertford County, excluding Murfreesboro. Folders 692.24.a – 692.25.u contain printed materials relating to Northeastern North Carolina, excluding Hertford County. Of particular interest is an 1896 Soldier’s Hand Book, U.S.A., Revised, which belonged to Thomas Boxiles of Como, North Carolina (692.23.l). Also of interest is a rare book entitled, Carter Family of North Carolina: Descendants of Robert Carter of Bertie County (1914), by Carolyn Agnes Foster Marbourg (692.24.e). Many of these printed materials related directly to subjects that Mr. Stephenson wrote about, such as the Meherrin Indian Tribe and herring fishing. There are also a variety of items about historic preservation, in which Mr. Stephenson was particularly interested. Related photographic materials are found in the Photographic Materials series. There are also related oversize materials in the Oversize Materials series.
The Non-North Carolina-Related Materials include two items of correspondence (1843, 1965) and numerous printed materials (1839 – 1996). The printed materials consist of articles, journals, magazines, newspaper clippings, pamphlets, programs, and reports. Folders 692.27.a – 692.27.s contain printed materials relating to Virginia. Included in the Virginia printed materials is a flier autographed by Tiny Tim from when he performed as part of the Great American Circus in Courtland, Virginia (692.27.j).
Also included in this collection are photographic materials relating to the Winborne Family (1895 – 1940), the Gatling Family (1902 – 1905), Joel C. Holland (1941 – 1942), Northeastern North Carolina (1890 – 1941), and the Roanoke-Chowan News Herald (1935 – 2004). The Winborne Family photographs consist of two photograph albums (692.28.a, 692.28.b), and Winborne – Brett Family photographs (692.29.a, 692.29.b). The Gatling Family photographs contain photographs of the Gatling Family (692.29.c), as well as photographs of portraits of the family members painted by Oliver Perry Copeland around 1842 at the Jordan Gatling plantation in Maney’s Neck, North Carolina (692.29.d). The Joel C. Holland Photographs (1941 – 1942) are studio portrait prints and negatives taken by Joel C. Holland of various individuals in northeastern North Carolina, and southeastern Virginia (692.30). Also included in the photographic materials are prints and negatives of numerous people and places in northeastern North Carolina (1890 – 1941). Many of these photographs are of historical houses, including the Vinson House (692.31.l), the Thad E. Vann Home (692.31.n), the Moore House (692.31.p), and the David A. Barnes House (692.32.c). There is also a photograph album (1916 – 1919) made by Kate J. Dobbs while she was a student at Chowan College (692.32.a). Finally, the photographic materials contain prints and negatives from the Roanoke-Chowan News Herald. These materials came from the newspaper’s photograph files.
The oversize material in this collection consists of artifacts, calendars, correspondence, financial and legal documentation, newspapers, and photographs. The artifacts are Cluett and Peabody and Company detachable shirt collars and a pair of white stockings. The calendars are business calendars from companies in northeastern North Carolina and southeastern Virginia (1907 – 1929). The letter in this series is from James Gordon & company to Mssrs. Joseph G. Rea & Company, Murfreesboro, NC (March 19, 1842), and this letter is accompanied by an account (November 15, 1841 – March 18, 1842). There are six legal documents relating to northeastern North Carolina (1718-1753). The bulk of the newspapers in this series are from northeastern North Carolina or southeastern Virginia. The photographs include photographs of Murfreesboro, North Carolina taken by E. Frank Stephenson, Jr (1968), and a photograph of a reunion of Civil War veterans from northeastern North Carolina and southeastern Virginia (1910).
Below is material taken from a preliminary inventory and represents content from the collection that is unprocessed.
Online access to this finding aid is supported with funds created through the federal Library Services and Technology Act (LSTA). These funds come through a grant from the Institute of Museum and Library Services which is administered by the State Library of North Carolina, a division of the North Carolina Department of Cultural Resources. This grant is part of the North Carolina ECHO, Exploring Cultural Heritage Online, Digitization Grant Program.