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Matthew M. Drake Account Book, 1827-1860

Manuscript Collection #612

Descriptive Summary Click here to collapse or expand the contents in this section of the finding aid

Title: Matthew M. Drake Account Book
Creator: Drake, Matthew M.
Repository: ECU Manuscript Collection
Languages: English
Abstract: Book (1827-1860) including correspondence, account book, expenses, notation on hiring of Negroes, slaves, etc. 1 Volume.
Extent: 0.11 Cubic feet, 1 item , account book, 1827-1862.

Administrative Information Click here to collapse or expand the contents in this section of the finding aid

Accessions Information

December 31, 1990, 1 volume; Account book (1827-1860) of Warren County, N.C., resident. Gift of Mrs. Lucy Garnett, Suffolk, Va., through the courtesy of George Stevenson, NCDA& H, from Arthur Stevenson, Portsmouth, Va.

Access Restrictions

No restrictions

Copyright Notice

Literary rights to specific documents are retained by the authors or their descendants in accordance with U.S. copyright law.

Preferred Citation

Matthew M. Drake Account Book (#612), East Carolina Manuscript Collection, J. Y. Joyner Library, East Carolina University, Greenville, North Carolina, USA.

Acquisition Information

  • Gift of Mrs. Lucy Garnett

Processing Information

  • Processed by C. Crews, January 1991

  • Encoded by Apex Data Services

Biographical / Historical Note Click here to collapse or expand the contents in this section of the finding aid

Matthew M. Drake (died ca. 1865) was a prosperous slave-holding tobacco farmer of Warrenton, Warren County, N.C. He was the administrator of at least one estate, that of Mrs. Harriet Fitts, and guardian of three Fitts children.

Description Click here to collapse or expand the contents in this section of the finding aid

This account book is primarily a record of sales of crops and agricultural supplies and loans which Drake made between 1827 and 1860 as well as the differing methods of payment: cash, barter, and day labor. The first 110 pages of the book are numbered. Between 1854 and 1859, Drake provided security for Mrs. Fitts and others, while earlier he had held a bond due her. There are records of his involvement with the estate of Polly Jenkins in 1843 (p. 52), the H. Fitts estate in 1847 (p. 77), as executor for Mary Nicholson in 1845 and 1847 (pp. 57, 78, & 80), and as agent in the sale of land in 1845 (p. 60). In the back section of the book there is a record of bonds he held. There is also the undated inventory of two estates, including land, slaves, farm implements, livestock, produce, and household furnishings. One of these lists the slaves by name and value.

The names of (Drake's?) children who attended school and a record of "loss time" for 1842 are also recorded. The college expenses of his two sons, H[enry] F. and W[illiam] C. Drake are recorded for the years 1848-1851. Also included is information on various crops such as tobacco, wheat, and oats raised by Negroes and other unspecified planters; electioneering expenses for 1837-1838; and notations on the hiring of Negroes (probably slaves) and others for labor.

Online access to this finding aid is supported with funds created through the federal Library Services and Technology Act (LSTA). These funds come through a grant from the Institute of Museum and Library Services which is administered by the State Library of North Carolina, a division of the North Carolina Department of Cultural Resources. This grant is part of the North Carolina ECHO, Exploring Cultural Heritage Online, Digitization Grant Program.

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This is a finding aid. It is a description of archival material held in the Special Collections Division, J.Y. Joyner Library, East Carolina University. The materials described here are physically available in our reading room. None of the original documents in this collection are digitally available online at this time.
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