Matthew M. Drake Account Book

Manuscript Collection #612
Drake, Matthew M., -approximately 1865
Physical description
0.11 Cubic Feet, 1 item , account book, 1827-1862.
Preferred Citation
Matthew M. Drake Account Book (#612), East Carolina Manuscript Collection, J. Y. Joyner Library, East Carolina University, Greenville, North Carolina, USA.
ECU Manuscript Collection
No restrictions

Book (1827-1860) including correspondence, account book, expenses, notation on hiring of Negroes, slaves, etc. 1 Volume.

Biographical/historical information

Matthew M. Drake (died ca. 1865) was a prosperous slave-holding tobacco farmer of Warrenton, Warren County, N.C. He was the administrator of at least one estate, that of Mrs. Harriet Fitts, and guardian of three Fitts children.

Scope and arrangement

This account book is primarily a record of sales of crops and agricultural supplies and loans which Drake made between 1827 and 1860 as well as the differing methods of payment: cash, barter, and day labor. The first 110 pages of the book are numbered. Between 1854 and 1859, Drake provided security for Mrs. Fitts and others, while earlier he had held a bond due her. There are records of his involvement with the estate of Polly Jenkins in 1843 (p. 52), the H. Fitts estate in 1847 (p. 77), as executor for Mary Nicholson in 1845 and 1847 (pp. 57, 78, & 80), and as agent in the sale of land in 1845 (p. 60). In the back section of the book there is a record of bonds he held. There is also the undated inventory of two estates, including land, slaves, farm implements, livestock, produce, and household furnishings. One of these lists the slaves by name and value.

The names of (Drake's?) children who attended school and a record of "loss time" for 1842 are also recorded. The college expenses of his two sons, H[enry] F. and W[illiam] C. Drake are recorded for the years 1848-1851. Also included is information on various crops such as tobacco, wheat, and oats raised by Negroes and other unspecified planters; electioneering expenses for 1837-1838; and notations on the hiring of Negroes (probably slaves) and others for labor.

Administrative information
Custodial History

December 31, 1990, 1 volume; Account book (1827-1860) of Warren County, N.C., resident. Gift of Mrs. Lucy Garnett, Suffolk, Va., through the courtesy of George Stevenson, NCDA& H, from Arthur Stevenson, Portsmouth, Va.

Source of acquisition

Gift of Mrs. Lucy Garnett

Processing information

Processed by C. Crews, January 1991

Encoded by Apex Data Services

Copyright notice

Literary rights to specific documents are retained by the authors or their descendants in accordance with U.S. copyright law.

Key terms
Personal Names
Drake, Matthew M., -approximately 1865
Agriculture--North Carolina--Warren County
Families--North Carolina--Warren County
Tobacco farmers--North Carolina--Warren County