Destroyer Escort Commanding Officers Collection: USS Major (DE-796) Records

Manuscript Collection #564-004
Physical description
0.15 Cubic Feet, 3 items , including a newsletter and history.
Preferred Citation
Destroyer Escort Commanding Officers Collection: USS Major (DE-796) Records (#564-004), East Carolina Manuscript Collection, J. Y. Joyner Library, East Carolina University, Greenville, North Carolina, USA.
ECU Manuscript Collection
No restrictions

Records [1945-1972] including newsletter, history, photographs, and clippings.

Scope and arrangement

This collection covers the background and history of the USS Major, a destroyer escort, and its campaigns. Most of the information comes from a history of the USS Major provided by the Office of Naval Records and History, Ship's Histories section, in the Navy Department. Included are details of its shakedown cruise in the Carribean and Casco Bay, Maine; its use as a convoy escort to Tunisia, Algeria, and Plymouth, England (1944); the role of the ship in patrolling and running escorts to Leyte and Hollandia in the Philippine Sea frontier; and its involvement in the sea rescue of U.S. Army guerilla leader, Lt. Hermongilde Acosta (1945). Also mentioned is participation in a convoy to Okinawa (1945) and the use of a high frequency direction finder to direct the USS Knox to a downed pilot (1945).

The Navy Department history also records the presence of the USS Major in Tokyo harbor for the Japanese surrender (1945) and then its trip to Long Beach, California, for decommissioning. It became part of the Pacific Reserve Fleet (1948) where it remained until being sold and scrapped in 1972.

Additional materials found in the collection are copies of "The Capstan Times" (1945), the ship's weekly paper, which provided information on demobilization, the G.I. bill, G.I. loans, and V-J day; and a photocopy of the history of the USS Major, from the Dictionary of American Fighting Ships, Volume IV, which provides ship statistics.

Administrative information
Custodial History

June 18, 1990, 5 items, Copies of ship's newsletter, photograph, history, and clipping. Gift of Mr. Joe Martin, Norfolk, Virginia

Source of acquisition

Gift of Mr. Joe Martin

Processing information

Processed by L. Turner, November 1992

Encoded by Apex Data Services

Copyright notice

Literary rights to specific documents are retained by the authors or their descendants in accordance with U.S. copyright law.

Key terms
Corporate Names
Major (Ship)
Capitulations, Military--Japan--Tokyo
Destroyer escorts
World War, 1939-1945--Campaigns--Pacific Area