Hughes-Grimsley Family Papers

Manuscript Collection #546

  • Descriptive Summary
    Title: Hughes-Grimsley Family Papers
    Creator: Grimsley family
    Hughes family
    Repository: ECU Manuscript Collection
    Language: English
    Abstract: Papers (1775-1949) including correspondence, deeds, financial accounts, photographs, and miscellaneous related to the Hughes and Grimsley families of Greene County, North Carolina.
    Extent: 0.85 Cubic Feet, 3 document cases, 1 shoe box, and 1 oversize folder, including correspondence, deeds, financial accounts, photographs, and miscellaneous.
  • Description

    Most of the collection consists of correspondence, with the bulk falling during World Wars I and II. Early letters (1859-1860) are mainly to Thomas Hughes, Jr., from family and friends in Georgia, Arkansas, and South Carolina. Topics discussed center on agriculture, including cotton gin instructions; corn and pork prices in Arkansas; the price of crops, land, and slaves; and a report on the drought in Randolph County, Georgia. Also of interest are comments on shoemaking in Mars Bluff, S.C.

    William Hughes's Civil War letters describe the activities of the 1st N.C. Cavalry Regiment, including its formation in August 1861 in Ridgeway, Warren County, N.C.; drilling at Camp Beauregard in Ridgeway; a November 26, 1861, skirmish at Manassas, Va.; and diet and life in the Army of the Potomac (1862). Other letters mention the 3rd Regiment of N.C. State Troops at Acquia Creek, Stafford County, Va. (1861) and wartime prices of staples in Georgia (1861). Information on the 2nd Brigade stationed near Kinston, N.C., includes their need for soap and clothing, their discontent, and fighting near New Bern, N.C. (1862). Activities mentioned at Fort Fisher, N.C., include the presence of anEnglish ship, the arrest of two women, the construction of two steamers, and the soldiers' diet (1862). A South Carolina volunteer discusses the First Battle of Bull Run, Manassas, Va. (1861).

    Late nineteenth and early twentieth century letters discuss the advantages of buying inexpensive North Carolina peanuts rather than those from the Boston area (1876); agricultural activities at Mars Bluff, S.C. (1881); the use of convict labor on the Duck Town and Asheville Railroad (1883); and stock raising, agricultural prices, and a large sawmill in Bulgalusa, La. (1909). Agricultural news from New Hill, N.C., notes the price of tobacco (1915) and also includes information about revivals and the lumber business (1917).

    World War I correspondence from Sergeant Julian Hughes, stationed at Camp Sevier, Greenville, S.C., describes the S. C. Engineering Company, spiritual influence of the Y.M.C.A., cursing among the soldiers, and leave procedures (1917). Quarantines at Camp Sevier for mumps, measles, and spinal meningitis are noted in 1917-1918. In letters from overseas, sanitation and high morale (1918); advice on donating money to the war effort (1918); diet, price of eggs, and destruction in France (1918) are topics of conversation. Private Tracy Hughes describes the children and camp life in France (1918).

    On the homefront, civilians detail the changes in Richmond, Va., with the influx of soldiers (1918); citizens' reactions to a tank camp in Raleigh, N.C. (1918); epidemics of influenza in North Carolina and the closing of schools and other facilities (Oct.-Dec., 1918); armistice celebrations in Greensboro and Rocky Mount, N.C. (1918); and the reaction to airplanes in New Hill, N.C. (1919).

    After the armistice, Julian Hughes describes armistice celebrations, service on the front line, battle locations, and the need for a diet change (1918); complaints about the weather and diet (1919); collecting "Jerry" souvenirs; and the price of firewood in France (1919). Tracy Hughes tells of the destruction in Verdun, France (1918), and of camp life there (1919).

    A letter from Washington, D.C., details a Knight Templers sponsored Easter sunrise service at Arlington Cemetery, which President Herbert Hoover and the cabinet attended, and notes the death of Ohio Congressman Nicholas Longworth, son-in-law of former President Theodore Roosevelt (1931). Egg rolling at the White House and the blossoming of the cherry trees are described in 1933.

    Several letters from students at East Carolina Teachers College in Greenville, N.C., are included (1936, 1943).

    Most of the World War II correspondence is from Corporal Edwin Matthew (Matt) Grimsley and describes basic training at Kessler Field, Miss.; hospitalization of soldiers for minor complaints; participation in a movie production (1942); and USO shows/trips (1942, 1945), including music by girls from Hollywood and the Bob Crosby band. Three letters comment on gas rationing in North Carolina (April, 1943).

    Letters (1942-1944) from Nurse 2nd Lieutenant Mattie Alma Hughes discuss the environment, natives, primitive housing, camp life, the Red Cross, and sorrow over injured soldiers in the Netherlands, East Indies. Other correspondence comments on the natives of North Africa.

    Legal and financial papers are mostly from the Hughes, Grimsley, Taylor, Dail, Hicks, and Holliday families. Included are grants and deeds for land in Glasgow County (1793-1799), Greene County (1802-1896), and Dobbs County (1775-1790). A portion of these records are physically located in the oversized document file. Miscellaneous legal papers include teachers contracts (1939, 1944), a chattel mortgage (1885), and a legal dispute over chattel property (1884). Bills and receipts are dated from 1878 through 1919. Richard Grimsley's tobacco sales record book for 1949 (Snow Hill, N.C.) is included.

    The photographs include mid to late nineteenth century portraits of the Hughes family and photographs of the Thomas Hughes, Jr., home near Snow Hill, N.C. An 1890s photograph is of the Grimsley house in Greene County. World War I photographs are mostly of Julian Hughes and his relatives, probably visiting at Camp Sevier, Greenville, S.C. World War II photographs presumably are of Edwin Matthew Grimsley in New Mexico in 1942.

    Hughes--Grimsley genealogical information is included. A miscellaneous folder consists in part of an 1870 militia appointment; school report cards for Farmville High School, Snow Hill School, and East Carolina Teachers College (1891-1933); Edwin Matthew Grimsley's military certificates; and information on Mount Herman United Methodist Church in Greene Co., N.C. Various advertisements include an 1880 advertisement for Mrs. J. D. Grimsley's Millinery and Fancy Dry Goods Store in Snow Hill, N.C.

  • Biographical / Historical Note

    The collection centers on the family of Thomas Hughes, Jr., (1811-1884) and his wife Susannah Sarah Speight (1821-1871) of Snow Hill, Greene County, N.C. They were the parents of eleven children. Much of the correspondence is related to a nephew, William Hughes, who served in the Civil War, and two grandchildren, Lillian Hughes (1879-1969) and Richard Grimsley (1872-). These first cousins were married in 1910 and produced two children, Edwin Matthew (Matt), who was an Air Corps airplane mechanic during World War II, and Evelyn, who attended East Carolina Teachers College in Greenville, N.C. Lillian Grimsley's brothers served on the homefront and abroad during World War I. They were Sergeant Julian Thomas Hughes of the M. J. Company, 119th Infantry, 30th Division, American Expeditionary Force, and Private Harry Tracy Hughes of Company F, 6th Division, American Expeditionary Force.

  • Administrative Information
    Accessions Information

    January 6, 1988, 420 items; Papers (1775-1945) of Greene County, N.C., family, including correspondence, deeds, financial accounts, photographs, and miscellaneous. Gift of estate of Mrs. Evelyn Grimsley Andrews, Farmville, N.C.; Mrs. Evelyn A. Roberts, Arequipa, Peru, S.A.; Mr. John Dawson Andrews, Charleston, S.C.; and Ms. Margaret S. Andrews, Washington, D.C.

    July 24, 2019, (unprocessed addition 1) 0.20 cubic feet; This donation consists of thirteen tintypes of Hughes family members and of the Thomas Hughes, Jr., house at Lizzie in Greene County, North Carolina. All the images are identified. Gift of Ms. Margaret S. Andrews, Mrs. Evelyn A. Roberts, and Mr. John D. Andrews, children of Mrs. Evelyn Grimsley Andrews.

    Acquisition Information

    Gift of estate of Mrs. Evelyn Grimsley Andrews
    Gift of Mrs. Evelyn A. Roberts
    Gift of Mr. John Dawson Andrews
    Gift of Ms. Margaret S. Andrews

    Access Restrictions

    No restrictions

    Copyright Notice

    Literary rights to specific documents are retained by the authors or their descendants in accordance with U.S. copyright law.

    Preferred Citation

    Hughes-Grimsley Family Papers (#546), East Carolina Manuscript Collection, J. Y. Joyner Library, East Carolina University, Greenville, North Carolina, USA.

    Processing Information

    Processed by L. Briley, October 1988

    Encoded by Apex Data Services

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Sensitive Materials Statement

Manuscript collections and archival records may contain materials with sensitive or confidential information that is protected under federal or state right to privacy laws and regulations, the North Carolina Public Records Act (N.C.G.S. § 132 1 et seq.), and Article 7 of the North Carolina State Personnel Act (Privacy of State Employee Personnel Records, N.C.G.S. § 126-22 et seq.). Researchers are advised that the disclosure of certain information pertaining to identifiable living individuals represented in this collection, without the consent of those individuals, may have legal ramifications (e.g., a cause of action under common law for invasion of privacy may arise if facts concerning an individual's private life are published that would be deemed highly offensive to a reasonable person) for which East Carolina University assumes no responsibility.

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Container List

Land Records, 1775-1843

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