J. C. Hines Papers

Manuscript Collection #537
Hines, J. C.
Physical description
0.073 Cubic Feet, 116 pages, copies, including a diary, family histories, and recollections.
Preferred Citation
J. C. Hines Papers (#537), East Carolina Manuscript Collection, J. Y. Joyner Library, East Carolina University, Greenville, North Carolina, USA.
ECU Manuscript Collection
No restrictions

Papers (1863-1961) including correspondence; diary; family histories; recollection; description of prisoners playing games, making furniture, jewelry, beer; reading newspaper, letters, etc.

Biographical/historical information

The Faison family consisted of the descendants of James Faison, a captain in the Revolutionary War, and the descendants of Henry Faison, on whose land the town of Faison was established in 1833 as a depot for the Wilmington and Weldon Railroad. The community, which dates to the pre-Revolutionary War period, lost many of its mansion-size homes to Civil War destruction and dilapidation.

Scope and arrangement

The collection contains a copy of the diary of Lt. J. C. Hines of Faison who was taken as a wounded Confederate prisoner of war in September of 1863. In his diary Hines describes treatment and other soldiers' wounds in Stanton Hospital in Washington, D.C. He was moved to Fort McHenry, "the worst place that [he] had been," then to Baltimore, and to Fort Delaware. Hines waited near Hilton Head, S.C., from August, 1864, until March, 1865, to be exchanged, but was taken back to Fort Delaware where he and other prisoners speculated as to what would happen to them after the Confederates surrendered. Hines's diary describes conditions of extreme heat and cold, lack of rations, and treatment by guards, including a black unit from Massachusetts. He discusses activities of the prisoners like playing games; making furniture, jewelry, and beer; and reading letters and newspapers. The collection also contains a portion of Captain Lewis T. Hicks's memoir in which he recalls the Battle of Gettysburg and the Confederate surrender during which he was taken prisoner of war and kept at Johnson's Island, Lake Erie.

The collection contains descriptions of the antebellum plantations and cemeteries in Duplin and Sampson counties. Virginius Faison Williams describes paintings by his mother of plantation scenes, including freed blacks at work and their loyalty to the Faison family. There is an account of Faison slaves accompanying their masters to Civil War battles in Virginia. Descendants of the Faison family are listed and the Hicks family is traced back to fourteenth-century English ancestors.

Administrative information
Custodial History

December 3, 1987, 5 items, copies; Civil War diary (1863-1865) of Confederate POW, family histories of Faison and Hicks families, and recollections of Faison, N.C., history. Original in possession of Mrs. Inga Flake, Farmville, N.C.

Source of acquisition

Gift of Mrs. Inga Flake

Processing information

Processed by M. Cherry, March 1988

Encoded by Apex Data Services

Copyright notice

Literary rights to specific documents are retained by the authors or their descendants in accordance with U.S. copyright law.

Key terms
Personal Names
Hines, J. C.
Family Names
Faison family
Hicks family
Prisoners of war
Duplin County (N.C.)--History
Faison (N.C.)--History
Sampson County (N.C.)--History
United States--History--Civil War, 1861-1865--Personal narratives