Joseph J. W. Powell Papers

1830, 1836-1855, 1872-1945
Manuscript Collection #453
Powell, Joseph J. W., 1807-1861
Physical description
1.715 Cubic Feet, 2 items , Halifax County physician's ledgers, 1836-1842; 4 volumes, Edgecombe County general account ledgers, 1872-1889.
Preferred Citation
Joseph J. W. Powell Papers (#453), East Carolina Manuscript Collection, J. Y. Joyner Library, East Carolina University, Greenville, North Carolina, USA.
ECU Manuscript Collection
No restrictions

Papers (1836-1842; 1872-1889) of Halifax County, NC physician, including correspondence, plantation, relationship to patients, medication, charge, estate payments and general account ledger personal ledger (1849-1855), letter press books (1883-1912), writing ledger (1830, 1873-1876), receipt book, farm ledgers (1877-1945), and miscellaneous materials. Rec'd. 11/3/1982, 4/2/1993

Biographical/historical information

Dr. Joseph J. W. Powell (1807-1861) was a prominent Halifax County physician who purchased an Edgecombe County plantation in 1845 and developed it into Coolmore. The mansion was completed shortly before Powell's death in 1861.

Scope and arrangement

Dr. Powell's physician's ledgers reflect his work in Halifax County from 1836-1839 and 1840-1842. The ledgers include each patient's name, often their relationship to other patients, date of visit, medication prescribed, charge, date paid, and estate payments. Visits to slaves were noted under the owner's family name.

The general account ledgers document purchases and payments for general merchandise and supplies, cotton-picking, buying and selling (1877-1880), and wages paid and purchases against them (1874) in Edgecombe County, N.C.

Administrative information
Custodial History

November 3, 1982, 6 volumes; Halifax County, N.C. Physician's ledgers (1836-1842) and Edgecombe County, N.C., general account ledgers (1873-1888). Deposited by Miss Mary Collins Powell and Mr. Joseph Clay Powell, Tarboro, N.C.

April 2,1993 (unprocessed addition 1), ca. 50 items; Halifax County, N. C. physician's ledgers (1832-1835, 1846-1851), personal ledger (1849-1855), letter press books (1883-1912), writing ledger (1830, 1873-1876), receipt book, farm ledgers (1877-1945), and miscellaneous materials. Donor: Miss Mary Collins Powell.

Source of acquisition

Gift of Miss Mary Collins Powell

Gift of Mr. Joseph Clay Powell

Processing information

Processed by M. Boccaccio, March 1986

Encoded by Apex Data Services

Copyright notice

Literary rights to specific documents are retained by the authors or their descendants in accordance with U.S. copyright law.

Key terms
Personal Names
Powell, Joseph J. W., 1807-1861
Cotton picking--North Carolina--Edgecombe County
Medicine--Practice--North Carolina--Halifax County--History--19th century
Physicians--North Carolina--Halifax County
Slaves--Medical Care--North Carolina--Halifax County--History--19th century
Edgecombe County (N.C.)--Commerce--History--19th century

Container list
Box 1 Physician's ledgers, 1836-1842, general account ledger, 1872-1874
Box 2 General account ledgers, 1873-1889