|Title:||Capus Miller Waynick Papers|
|Creator:||Waynick, Capus M.|
|Repository:||ECU Manuscript Collection|
|Abstract:||Papers (1775 [1932-1966] - 1980, undated) consisting of correspondence, speeches, a diary, essay, reports, photographs, an autobiography, scrapbooks, newspaper clippings, maps, pamphlets, financial records and miscellany.|
|Extent:||29.0 Cubic feet, 62 boxes and 2 oversize folders, 18 volumes consisting of correspondence, speeches, a diary, essays, reports, photographs, an autobiography, scrapbooks, newspaper clippings, maps, pamphlets, financial records, miscellany.|
October 9, 1980, ca. 14,500 items and 16 volumes; Papers (1932-1967), including correspondence, reports, speeches, articles, clippings, photographs, scrapbooks, pamphlets, and miscellaneous materials. Gift of Capus M. Waynick, High Point, N.C.
December 12, 1985, ca. 1250 items; Papers (1931-1940), including correspondence and speeches concerning labor arbitration, the N.C. State Senate, tax reform, N.C. Highway Commission, employment and a variety of other topics. Donor: Mr. Capus M. Waynick.
Literary rights to specific documents are retained by the authors or their descendants in accordance with U.S. copyright law.
Capus Miller Waynick Papers (#421), East Carolina Manuscript Collection, J. Y. Joyner Library, East Carolina University, Greenville, North Carolina, USA.
Processed by M. York, January 1983
Cheryl Funderburk 2008
Encoded by Apex Data Services
Capus Miller Waynick (1889-1986), the son of Joshua James Newton and Anna (Moore) Waynick, was born in the Monroeton community of Rockingham County. His father, a Presbyterian, worked as a farmer, blacksmith, and building contractor. Capus Waynick received his early education at the Cross Keys School near Monroeton and, after the family moved to Greensboro in 1902, at the practice school of the State Normal and Industrial College for Women there. He enrolled at the University of North Carolina in 1907, but left the university in 1909. He married Elizabeth McBee in 1915.
The following chronology summarizes Waynick's career as journalist, legislator, administrator, diplomat, and arbiter:
Because of the largely personal nature of many of the files, the various subgroups and series have been arranged roughly in chronological order. However, some related series are arranged together as an aid to researchers interested in particular subjects.
Although some of the correspondence files are described in detail because of the diversity of topics reflected in them, those files, series, or subgroups that reflect a single topic are perfunctorily described. Folder labels should be consulted for a more complete explanation of the content of these portions of the collection.
The following outline summarizes the description of the Capus Miller Waynick Papers. The papers for each subgroup series may be found in the boxes/folders indicated (right).
SUBGROUP I: N.C. Senate, 1933-1934
Waynick served in the North Carolina Senate during the session of 1993, where he chaired the Senate Committee on Constitutional Amendments. Consequently, he dealt with recommendations for amendments to the North Carolina Constitution that had been submitted by the Constitution Commission established in 1931. The Committee on Constitutional Amendments Series reflects efforts by the committee to mold a new document and the reasoning offered by proponents of a new constitution. Correspondence pertaining to legislation reflects constituents' views on a variety of issues, many of them concerning Guilford County. A considerable quantity of the correspondence pertains to the extremely controversial sales tax bill that narrowly was adopted. Waynick's membership on the Senate Finance Committee likely caused much of the correspondence. Such topics as public and private utilities, municipal courts, street assessments, the State Library, prohibition, health affairs, public school terms, labor, insurance companies, the Corporation Commission, the effect of inmate-produced furniture on the furniture industry, aid to Negro colleges in N.C., and unemployment compensation are discussed in the constituent correspondence. Publications include House and Senate rules and Waynick's Your Tax Bill (n.d.). Also included are series pertaining to the Senate Finance Committee, a petition to ban the sale of beer and wine near Muir's Chapel in the vicinity of Greensboro, and Waynick's unsuccessful bid for reelection in 1934.
SUBGROUP II: Welfare-Labor
Guilford County Board of Charities and Public Welfare, 1933-1934
Waynick served as chairman of the board during this period. This single file contains routine correspondence and other material concerning meetings and budgets.
Director, National Re-employment Service, 1933-1934
In this capacity, Waynick assisted unemployed workers find work through the Civil Works Administration. Most of the correspondence in the series is personal and political in nature, although some of it reflects the attempts of Waynick's acquaintances to find employment. Scattered letters invite Waynick to make speeches. Others discuss problems of individual re-employment offices in N.C. and of the CWA. Additional correspondence reflecting Waynick's work pertains to the alarming discontent of unemployed workers in Charlotte (Jan., 1934), promotional activities of the Iowa re-employment service (Apr., 1934), and procedures for registering veterans who were emerging from service in the Civilian Conservation Corps (May, 1934). Waynick resigned his position on Oct. 15, 1934. His letter of resignation appraises the work of three key members of the state organization and makes recommendations for the future. Other topics addressed in the correspondence include the construction of a beach cottage at Nag's Head, N.C., using historical materials (July, Aug., Oct., 1933) and the efficacy of repealing prohibition (Nov., 1933; Mar., 1934).
A file of miscellany contains speech-related material and clippings concerning North Carolina's efforts to address the problem of unemployment.
Unemployment Compensation Commission, 1935-1946
This single file contains chiefly correspondence (1938-1946) reflecting the nature of the commission's programs and future directions. Topics addressed in the correspondence include plans for a quarterly publication of the Employment Service Division (July, 1942), the effect of World War II on the unemployment (Sept., 1943), and the role of the commission in labor disputes (Nov., 1945). Also included in the file is a resolution of the Council of State (1935?) discussing guidelines and policies for the commission.
Employment Security Commission, 1948-1949
Included in this file are a few pieces of correspondence and a speech pertaining to the work of the Employment Security Commission and the Unemployment Compensation Commission. Benefit formulas and the composition of the ESC are discussed.
State Labor Commission, 1940-1941
This commission had the responsibility of studying conditions that might affect a wage and hour law in N.C. Included is a letter of John Gold, editor of the Wilson Daily Times (Dec., 1940) that discusses wage and hour legislation in general and his paper's experiences with labor-related issues during the depression. A letter of H. P. Taylor (Dec., 1940) expresses concern about the final report of the commission, which recommended the adoption of a fair labor standards act.
SUBGROUP III: High Point Enterprise, 1934, 1937-1942
Miscellaneous correspondence (1937-1942) and subject files comprise this subgroup. Much of the correspondence is personal in nature and deals with such matters as politics and patronage. Other topics include Josephus Daniel's love of newspaper editing and his reasons for abandoning it for public offices (Dec., 1937) and the failure of the State Highway Commission to agree to an overpass for High Point (June, 1940). A letter of Aug. 9, 1939, encloses Waynick's speech before the Regional Conference of Democratic Women concerning successful publicity approaches. Subject files pertain to Waynick's role in securing Assistant Secretary of Commerce John Dickinson as a speaker for the N.C. Press Association meeting (1934) and Waynick's exposure of the involvement of N. O. "Dutch" Smith and Wade Renfrow of High Point in illegal lotteries (1940-1942).
SUBGROUP IV: State Planning Board, 1935-1937, 1945-1946
The file pertaining to this board, of which Waynick was chairman (1935-1937), contains chiefly routine correspondence and minutes pertaining to meetings, the Commission on Interstate Cooperation, planning efforts in N.C., and cooperation with the National Resources Committee. One letter (May, 1946) discusses the development of a Committee to Promote Rural Industries. An article by Waynick (1945) pertains to the need for better planning in Raleigh. A file of publications contains three copies of State Government (Mar., Apr., June, 1933).
SUBGROUP V: Highways and Public Works
State Highway and Public Works Commission, 1934-1966
Waynick served as chairman of the commission from 1934 to 1937 and maintained an interest in highway-related matters for many years. This series contains the commission's printed annual report for 1935-1936 and three scrapbooks (1934-1937) containing newspaper clippings that provide a complete picture of Waynick's tenure as chairman. Correspondence (1935-1966) is of a routine nature. Of particular interest is a letter (Dec., 1937) of Raleigh physician Kemp D. Neal describing the poor medical facilities at Central Prison and his firm's years of service there under adverse conditions. A letter of 1966 encloses "State Highway Commission Data, 1915-1965."
North Carolina Roads and their Builders, 1948-1953
This series documents Waynick's role as compiler of North Carolina Roads and Their Builders (1952), a book dealing with the history of the Highway Commission and public employees and contractors who played a significant role in the development of roads and other public transportation facilities. The book was sponsored by the Superior Stone Company of Raleigh as a promotional device. Correspondence of Waynick, research assistants, the publisher, and persons discussed in the book (1948-1953) reflects the book's metamorphosis and reaction to it. Some of the letters, as well as a variety of research material, reflects aspects of the history of highway development in the state.
Much of the correspondence is to and from T. C. Johnson, commissioner of paroles during the administration of W. Kerr Scott, who assisted Waynick during the final stages of the project. Letters of Johnson and Waynick (1952) discuss Democratic politics during the gubernatorial campaign of 1952 and Johnson's dismissal as commissioner of paroles because of his support of William B. Umstead. Several of these interesting, detailed letters deal with Scott's attitudes and actions during the campaign. Other topics include Scott's method of financing his 1948 gubernatorial campaign (June 18, 1952) and Waynick's fear that the national Democratic party might do poorly in 1952 because of its failure to respond effectively to Republican charges concerning corruption and socialism in the U.S. government (Oct. 13, 1952).
Governor's Committee on Roadside Control and Development, 1938-1940
Included in this single file, which contains correspondence and minutes, are letters (Apr., June, Nov., 1938) discussing the possibility of passing a law instituting roadside zoning in N.C.
SUBGROUP VI: Venereal Disease
Director, Venereal Disease Education Institute, 1942-1946
The institute, though affiliated with the U.S. Public Health Service, was funded in part by R. J. Reynolds, Jr. Although much of the correspondence pertains to politics and Waynick's personal affairs, a significant portion of it discusses problems associated with venereal disease and the institute's program of public education concerning it. Some of the correspondence pertains to educational efforts in several localities in N.C. Waynick's letter of May 31, 1946, gives his views concerning the assets of the organization. A file of miscellany includes a speech by Waynick, reports, and other material concerning the institute and venereal disease.
Some correspondence in this series discusses topics unrelated to venereal disease: the important of improving race relations (Dec., 1943); the future of capitalism and democracy in post-war American (Dec., 1944); the use of movies in promoting health in rural areas (Oct., 1945); and an attempt by A. J. Fletcher to obtain a radio franchise at Greensboro to prevent a monopoly of the news in eastern N.C. by the News and Observer (Feb., Mar., 1946).
Director, N.C. Social Hygiene Society, 1946-1949
This organization worked to accomplish many of the same goals of the Venereal Disease Education Institute. Correspondence discusses direct mailing campaigns (Jan., 1947) and fund-raising approaches (Mar., 1947). Miscellaneous material includes a list of "VD graphic" posters (1944-1946) and a budget for the North Carolina Health League (1946). Personal letters discuss Waightstill Avery and his descendants (Feb., 1947) and the role of Governor O. Max Gardner in settling the High Point strikes of 1932 (June, 1949, attachment to Apr. 18, 1949).
American Social Hygiene Association, 1950-1965
This series contains correspondence and minutes reflecting the affairs of the organization. Of particular interest is Waynick's letter (1950) used by the association to garner support.
National Jaycee Venereal Disease Education Program, 1965
In this single file is correspondence reflecting Waynick's effort to gain financial support for this national anti-venereal disease campaign.
SUBGROUP VII: Scott for Governor, 1948
Included in this subgroup are correspondence, vote totals by county for the second Democratic primary, financial records, and miscellaneous materials that pertain to W. Kerr Scott's campaign against Charles Johnson for the Democratic gubernatorial nomination in 1948. Some of the letters and financial records reflect the active campaign work of H. G. Gulley in behalf of "Friend" Scott. Of particular interest are a letter (1953) from Waynick to Scott describing Waynick's role in the campaign and photographs of Waynick, Scott, Johnson, and others.
SUBGROUP VIII: Chairman, State Democratic Executive Committee, 1948-1949
Correspondence (Oct., 1948-June, 1949) in this subgroup reflects Waynick's pivotal role in the state Democratic party's activities. Many of the letters discuss the gubernatorial and presidential elections of 1948 and congratulate Waynick on his leadership in providing Democratic victories. Other topics of interest include recalcitrant, incompetent Republicans in the military government in Germany who were opposing policies of the Democratic party (Nov., Dec., 1948); the need for a Reconstruction Finance Corporation loan for the stabilization of pecan prices in Georgia (Dec., 1948); activities of the Young Democratic Clubs in North Carolina during the fall of 1948 (Feb., 1949); the advantages of voting machines and the need for an improved system of voter registration (Feb., 1949); the strength of anti-Scott forces in the N.C. General Assembly (Feb., 1949); Scott's offensive mannerisms and ill-advised road program (Mar., 1949); and Harry S. Truman's coarse public statements (Mar., 1949).
The subgroup also contains photographs of Waynick, the committee, and President Truman; a typescript article describing the role of the Young Democratic Clubs in the election of 1948; job applications (1948-1949); newspaper clippings, and miscellaneous material.
SUBGROUP IX: Supporters of Waynick for U.S. Senate, 1949
This subgroup contains correspondence (Mar. 16-Apr. 19, 1949) expressing support for Waynick as a successor to deceased U.S. Senator Joseph Melville Broughton. Some of the letters state the writer's sentiments concerning Governor Scott's choice of Frank Graham. One letter (Mar. 16, 1949) discusses the rumor that Waynick had been paid for his campaign work in behalf of Scott in 1948. The subgroup also includes a list of Waynick's supporters by county.
SUBGROUP X: Ambassador to Nicaragua, 1949-1951, 1955
President Truman appointed Waynick Ambassador to Nicaragua in recognition of his important assistance in the 1948 campaigns. Waynick arrived in Nicaragua in July, 1949, and remained at his post until 1951, excepting a few months in 1950 when he returned to the United States to organize President Truman's Point IV program. During his stay in Nicaragua he developed a close friendship with Anastasio Somoza.
Of particular interest is Waynick's brief diary (July-Nov., 1949) that records his thoughts and activities following his appointment. In it he describes official and social events in Washington prior to his departure, including an interview with President Truman; the trip to Panama and Nicaragua; the residence; official and social activities; impressions of the country, its government, and foreigners living there; and his doubts about the correctness of his decision to accept the position. General Anastasio Somoza is discussed throughout the diary.
The subgroup contains extensive correspondence, but most of it pertains to politics in North Carolina or Waynick's personal affairs. Considerable correspondence of T. C. Johnson, Waynick, Bedford Black, John Marshall, and others discusses the administration of Governor W. Kerr Scott, Waynick's potential as a candidate for the U.S. Senate or for the governorship in 1952, and developments in the campaign between Senator Frank Porter Graham and Willis Smith in 1950. Other topics include Waynick's perception of Nicaragua (July 25, 1949), a controversy within the N.C. Department of Conservation concerning the director of advertising (Aug.-Sept., 1949); the efficacy of state support of a cement plant in N.C. (attachment to Sept. 19, 1949); Bill Sharpe's criticism of a speech by Governor Scott at the dedication of a Carolina Power and Light Company power plant (Oct. 20, 1949); the authority of the Highway Commission to purchase heavy roadbuilding equipment (Oct., 1949); the process for awarding state advertising contracts (Dec. 27, 1949); affairs of the Young Democratic Clubs in N.C. (Jan. 5, 1950); prospects for an arms race between Russia and the U.S. (Jan. 12, 1950); problems associated with Nicaragua's educational system (Sept. 27, 1950); the personal qualities of Frances Renfrow Doak (Mar. 26, 1951); the exploitative appearance of the Technical Cooperation Administration's foreign aid programs (Mar. 28, 1951); the office of commissioner of paroles and the need for a system of probation in N.C. (Apr. 11, 1951); the Scott administration's emphasis on decentralized development through better roads (May 21, 1951 and attachment); a Technical Cooperation Administration official's views concerning development in Africa and Arab states (June 4, 1951); and the career of artist George Van Saake (June 22, 1951).
Also in the subgroup are numerous photographs, publications, newspaper clippings, and miscellaneous materials pertaining to Waynick's ambassadorship, Nicaragua, Somoza, and other notable political figures. Five scrapbooks filled with hundreds of photographs, clippings, and miscellaneous items provide a thorough view of Waynick's official and social activities as ambassador. Of particular importance are photographs of Somoza and other material pertaining to him.
A file of photographs, correspondence, and newspaper clippings pertains to Nicaragua's bestowal on Waynick of the Order of Reuben Dario (1955).
The Point IV and Ambassador to Colombia subgroups (see below) also contain material pertaining to Nicaragua.
SUBGROUP XI: Point IV, 1950-1965
During 1950 Waynick served as acting director of Harry S. Truman's Technical Cooperation Administration--the Point IV Program. Among the official files are scattered correspondence pertaining to the program (1950-1965), Waynick's speeches, newspaper clippings, and printed material, including a publication describing the work of the program in Colombia.
Waynick's personal correspondence of the period (Apr.-Dec., 1950) contains scattered letters pertaining to affairs at the American embassy in Nicaragua. Letters of Irving Augustus Lindberg discuss his views on the corruption, backwardness, and other problems in Nicaragua (May 19) and Nicaraguan affairs as they related to his former position of inspector-general of customs (Aug. 7). Allen Langston informed Waynick of the reaction to the Senatorial campaign of Willis Smith and Smith's potential weakness against a Republican challenger (July 13), as well as the distasteful ties between Smith and William B. Umstead (Nov. 3). Additional correspondence pertains to the importance of Point IV aid to countries in the Middle East (May 18) and Frances Renfrow Doak's criticism of Point IV aid as an "investment" rather than Christian charity (Oct. 18). Also of interest are letters discussing plans for a cement plant in eastern N.C. (Aug. 17, Nov. 10).
SUBGROUP XII: Ambassador to Colombia, 1951-1953
Waynick served as ambassador to Colombia from 1951 until he was replaced by President Eisenhower in 1953. Correspondence in the subgroup is arranged in two series--alphabetical and chronological. Much of it reflects Waynick's personal affairs. A significant portion of the correspondence is from members of the diplomatic service and pertains to work in various countries, including Colombia. Of particular interest in the alphabetical series are T. C. Johnson's comments concerning contenders for the 1952 Democratic gubernatorial nomination in N.C. (Jan., 1952) and the financial difficulties and liquidation of the Health Publications Institute Corporation (June, 1953); and John Marshall's views on public reaction to Governor W. Kerr Scott during the final months of his administration (Aug., 1952; Jan., 1953). In the "R" file are letters reflecting Waynick's criticism of a report of the Advisory Board of the Technical Cooperation Administration (enclosure to Aug. 27, 1951) and his opinion that Point IV aid should be separated from military aid (Apr., 1952); and Thaxton Richardson's description of an American military base at Heilbrom, Germany (Feb., 1952). A letter of Nelson Rockefeller (Apr., 1952) encloses his speech, "Problems of the Underdeveloped Areas from the United States Point of View," and the letter of a Presbyterian minister in Coyoacán, Mexico (Apr., 1953) discusses a seminary there, activities of Protestants in Mexico, and their relationship with the Mexican government. Letters of Stanly Wohl (Feb., 1952) discuss politics in N.C. and W. Kerr Scott's amazing public support at the end of his governorship.
The series of chronological correspondence contains references to routine diplomatic affairs in Nicaragua and Colombia and Waynick's personal life. Of particular interest are references to the role of the Point IV program and the need for greater cooperation in Latin America (Aug., 1951), arrangements for a lend-lease agreement between the U.S. and Nicaragua (Aug., 1951), Harry S. Truman's leadership and policies as president (Mar., 1952), and young male orphans attending the Escuela Integral Municipal in Bogotá (May, 1953).
A variety of subject files pertain to special events and conditions in Colombia during Waynick's tenure as ambassador.
Photographs depict victims of an unidentified massacre and numerous official and social events.
Also included in the subgroup are embassy financial records, clippings and other printed material pertaining to Colombia and Waynick's tenure, and eight scrapbooks containing hundreds of photographs, clippings, and miscellaneous items reflecting many official and social events.
SUBGROUP XIII: Business Development Corporation , 1955-1963
At the request of Governor Luther H. Hodges, Waynick in 1955-1956 directed the work of the corporation, which grew from the "Governor's Small Industries Plan." Funded by the Richardson Foundation, the corporation addressed ways of dispersing economic development and raising the per capita income of North Carolinians. The subgroup contains correspondence; reports, including the final report of the North Carolina Handicraft Study (1956); a speech by Waynick; newspaper clippings; and miscellaneous material.
SUBGROUP XIV: Adjutant General, 1957-1970
Governor Luther H. Hodges appointed Waynick adjutant general in 1957 amid considerable controversy owing to Waynick's status as a military outsider. Nevertheless, Waynick remained in office until 1961. The subgroup reflects a wide variety of Waynick's duties as adjutant general, including many appearances and speeches given at the request of Governor Hodges. A large series of material--correspondence, photographs, reports, minutes, printed material, and miscellany (1958-1962)--pertain to the Youth Fitness Commission and "Operation Sparta," a project funded by the Richardson Foundation. The commission stimulated interest in greater physical fitness within the National Guard and among the youth of North Carolina. Subject files containing correspondence, photographs, and other materials document some of Waynick's many appearances and activities while in office. Miscellaneous photographs depict him and other officials, including Governor Hodges.
The subgroup also contains miscellaneous correspondence. Many of the letters concern Waynick's speaking engagements before local guard units and at other events. Significant guard-related topics include the importance of the National Guard in the event of a nuclear war (Aug., 1959); proposed federal reductions in the size of the guard forces (1962); and the transfer of all organized units of the Army Reserve into the Army National Guard (1964).
Also included are letters reflecting on Waynick's 1930s proposal to Governor Ehringhaus for a new complex of government buildings in Raleigh (Oct., 1957); Waynick's collaboration with H. Pat Taylor, Sr., on Taylor's keynote address at the state Democratic convention (May, 1958); improvements that could be made in the N.C. constitution (May, 1958); early newspaper columnists in N.C., including Isaac Irwin Avery (July, 1958); socialism in Europe and Asia (July, 1958); facts and myth concerning Albion Tourgee (Sept., 1958); plans for Pan American Day in Raleigh (Mar., 1959); Waynick's service in the Diplomatic Corps (May, 1959); a race riot that occurred in Washington, D.C., on July 4, 1910 (June, 1959); the presidential campaign of 1960; Haldore Hanson's work in the Point IV program and his general abilities (Aug., 1959); poor relations between the U.S. and Cuba (Oct., 1959); John F. Kennedy's assessment of the role of the president in America (Jan., 1960); Waynick's work as director of the Venereal Disease Education Institute (Jan., 1960); the origin of the Governor's Small Industries Plan (Feb., 1960); the candidacy of Malcolm B. Seawell for governor of N.C. (May, 1960); Lamar Caudle's legal problems and political activities (Dec., 1960); and the nature of John F. Kennedy and Grace Kelly as children (Jan., 1961).
Also included in the subgroup are newspaper clippings, publications and miscellaneous materials pertaining to Waynick and the National Guard.
SUBGROUP XV: Richardson Foundation, 1957-1968
After many years of friendship with H. Smith Richardson, Sr., president of the Vick Chemical Company (later Richardson-Merrell Co.) and founder of the Richardson Foundation, a philanthropic organization, Waynick served the foundation in several capacities: board member during the 1950s and early 1960s; executive vice president, 1961-1962; and informal adviser.
Voluminous miscellaneous correspondence and minutes in the subgroup (1957-1967) pertain to the projects considered by the foundation, many of which originated in North Carolina. Some of these files contain quarterly indexes of the correspondents. Topics of particular interest concern educational efforts of the American Bar Association's Standing Committee on Education Against Communism (May, 1964) and financial aspects of the Governor's Small Industries Plan (July, 1964).
Also included in the subgroup are subject files pertaining to specific projects, documents describing the history and philosophy of the Richardson-Merrell Co. (1966-1967), and miscellaneous material (1956-1968).
SUBGROUP XVI: Buenos Aires Trade Fair, 1962
Secretary of Commerce Luther H. Hodges called on Waynick in 1962 to represent the United States at the Buenos Aires Trade Fair, where U.S. goods were exhibited. The subgroup contains correspondence, Waynick's official report, photographs, and printed material pertaining to the fair and to the political and economic aspects of Argentina, including "Peronism."
SUBGROUP XVII: Race Relations
"Troubleshooter" for Governor Sanford, 1963-1965
Governor Terry Sanford called Waynick out of retirement in 1963 to travel the state in an effort to defuse racial tensions. This subgroup reflects the nature of racial problems throughout North Carolina (and, to an extent, elsewhere in the South) and efforts of Waynick, the statewide Mayors' Co-operating Committee, local bi-racial committees, and the North Carolina Good Neighbor Council to ease tensions and solve fundamental conflicts between blacks and whites. Included in the subgroup are subject files primarily pertaining to activities or problems in many communities throughout the state. Also among these files are records generated by John Brooks and Bill Johnson (Mayors' Co-operating Committee) and David Coltrane (North Carolina Good Neighbor Council). The files contain a variety of material, including correspondence, memorandums, photographs, and printed materials.
The general correspondence and memorandums (1963-1964) reflect similar themes. Of particular importance are a memorandum concerning the "Legal Status" of Segregation in North Carolina . . ." and Waynick's "after-action" report (Dec. 20, 1964).
Among the files pertaining to the Mayors' Co-operating Committee is correspondence revealing the evolution and response to a book, North Carolina and the Negro, edited by Waynick and others.
Also in the series are newspaper clippings and publications about race relations in North Carolina and elsewhere; a file on the North Carolina Film Board (1964), which pertains to a four-film series, "Minority Report"; and two scrapbooks filled with newspaper clippings.
Citizens Advisory Committee on Civil Rights, 1964-1967
An agency of the U.S. Department of Agriculture, the committee concentrated on desegregating the department. The subgroup contains correspondence, minutes, newspaper articles, and miscellaneous documents, including remarks of Hubert H. Humphrey at the National Conference on Title VI, 1965.
National Citizens' Committee for Community Relations, 1964-1966
Waynick served also on this committee, which was organized by President Lyndon Johnson to encourage and assist affirmative voluntary efforts to preserve order and achieve equal treatment and opportunity for all Americans. Among the correspondence and miscellany in this series is a letter of Hubert Humphrey (Jan., 1966) concerning a program designed to find permanent employment for graduates of the Jobs Corps and Neighborhood Youth Corps.
SUBGROUP XVIII: Arbitration, 1932-1957
During his long career in public life, Waynick served as an arbiter on numerous occasions.
Thomasville and High Point, 1932
This series contains scattered correspondence and other material concerning strikes at the Thomasville Chair Company and at hosiery mills in High Point. Included is a file of copies of the High Point Enterprise (July-Aug., 1932) pertaining to the hosiery mills strike and a letter placing Waynick in nomination for the Pulitzer Prize for his coverage of the strike and settlement.
American Arbitration Association, 1946-1948
Through his affiliation with the American Arbitration Association, Waynick assisted other arbiters in hearing workers' grievances and judging the merits of their cases. A file of general correspondence contains a letter of Douglas B. Maggs concerning provisions for arbitration in the laws of North Carolina and the preference for service provided by the American Arbitration Association. Subject files contain correspondence, printed agreements, and arbiters' awards pertaining to labor disputes at companies throughout North Carolina.
State Labor Arbitration, 1945-1949
Waynick worked in a similar capacity as an arbiter as provided for by the N.C. General Assembly and the Commissioner of Labor. The series consists of general correspondence pertaining to the role of the state in arbitration (1945-1948) and disputes of two companies in the state.
Dayton Rubber, 1956-1957
Correspondence, briefs, and printed agreements pertain to an unresolved dispute between Dayton Rubber Company and Local 277, United Rubber Workers in Waynesville, N.C.
J. A. Jones Construction Company, 1950-1956
This extensive series pertains to a lengthy dispute between the J. A. Jones Construction Company of Charlotte and the Comision Ejecutiva Hidroelectrica (CEL) of El Salvador, which contracted with J. A. Jones for the construction of the Fifth of November Dam on the Lempa River as part of the country's electrification program. The work was known as the "Guayabo Project." Cost overruns caused by inflation and scarcity of materials, particularly cement, during the Korean War were in dispute. The company claimed that reimbursement for such overruns was provided for in the contract; CEL denied the requests. Plans for arbitration developed during the 1950s, but an agreement was not reached until 1956. Included in the series are reference files (1950-1952), arbitration files (1951-1954) and Waynick's files (1954-1956). They contain documents, and newspaper clippings. Of interest among Waynick's files is a letter concerning the positive economic picture in Nicaragua and the possibility of mining sulfur from Nicaragua's volcanoes and trapping their sulfuric acid (Jan., 1955).
SUBGROUP XIX: North Carolina College for Negroes, 1942-1949
Waynick served as a member of the college's board of trustees and actively promoted the progress of the institution. Correspondence (1942-1949) chiefly pertains to meetings of the board and the institution's need for greater financial support from the state of North Carolina. Waynick corresponded frequently with President James Edward Shepard. Other topics addressed in the correspondence include the need to provide for Negroes who desired to attend medical school (May, June, 1947) and the status of the college's law school (Feb., 1948). Files of miscellany contain printed material pertaining to Shepard, the inauguration of Alfonso Elder as president (1948), and the history of the college. Also included are speeches of Shepard (1946) and Waynick (1955).
SUBGROUP XX: High Point Housing Authority, 1939-1942
Waynick's tenure as chairman of the High Point Housing Authority resulted in his involvement in the city's effort to clear slum areas and build new housing with aid from the U.S. Housing Authority. Correspondence (1939-1942) includes applications from architects for the project; discussion of a grant of $1,500,000 from the U.S. government; and a report (Oct., 1941) discussing publicity for the project, office staff, and various aspects of the white and Negro applicants for housing. Also included are the authority's annual reports (1941, 1943) and the agreement for architectural services for housing projects funded by the U.S. Housing Authority.
SUBGROUP XXI: Concerned Citizens of High Point, 1968
This single file reflects the group's effort to obtain fifty units of mobile (low rent) housing for High Point.
SUBGROUP XXII: Miscellaneous
Subject Files, A-Z
Among the records of this subgroup are subject files that reflect many of Waynick's personal friendships, interests, and activities. Waynick's file names have been retained, and most of them adequately reveal the nature of the files' contents. Other topics of interest are Howard Odum's assistance to Waynick in acquiring and raising dairy cattle (Cattle, 1937); attempts to free an American imprisoned for his pro-Nazi radio work in Berlin (Douglas Chandler, 1946-1963); the nature of fire insurance laws (Marsh Furniture Company, 1961-1965); the status of women in Latin America (Gladys Tillett); the role of Inglis Fletcher, Waynick, and others in an annual celebration at "The Lost Colony" (Virginia Dare Celebration, 1950); the living conditions and activities of the Waynicks in Nicaragua and Colombia (Elizabeth Waynick); the landholdings and descendants of Vardry McBee of Greenville, S.C. (Elizabeth Waynick); and the activities of the Braden Copper Company and the Anglo-Lautero Nitrate Company in Chile and the latter's relationship with the Chilean government (Lester Ziffren, 1955-1956).
An extensive file of speeches reflects Waynick's views on most of the topics represented in other subgroups of the collection. Such topics as public education, highway funding, politics, foreign relations, business and free enterprise system in America, venereal disease, the National Guard and defense, and race relations are discussed.
Among the topics reflected in Waynick's essays are work opportunities in the Public Works Administration (1934?); conditions in Nicaragua and Central America (1960); race as an issue in the gubernatorial campaign of 1964; and national security, the cold war, and Communism. Also included are essays Waynick wrote for publication in the High Point Enterprise.
Personal Correspondence, 1944-1980, n.d.
The correspondence in this series was generated chiefly during periods when Waynick was not engaged in the work discussed in this description. The correspondence largely consists of letters from friends, relatives, and former colleagues. Many of the letters pertain to Waynick's personal affairs, the management of Fieldstone Farm in High Point, and international affairs. Some of the correspondence is addressed to Mrs. Waynick. Topics discussed in the correspondence include Clarence Poe's fiftieth anniversary as editor of the Progressive Farmer (Feb., 1954); conditions in Nicaragua and Anastasio Somoza's growing unpopularity (Nov., 1955); a plan for improving the administration of justice in North Carolina (May, 1956); the need for a student center at North Carolina College at Durham (Feb., 1961); O'Henry's days as a clerk in Greensboro (May, 1962); the need for a student center at North Carolina College at Durham (Feb., 1961); O'Henry's days as a clerk in Greensboro (May, 1962); interesting incidents pertaining to the courts in N.C., including William Alexander Hoke's effort to avoid passing on the constitutionality of black disfranchisement (June, 1962); ceremonies held for the 175th anniversary of the adoption of the U.S. constitution (Sept., 1962); conditions in South America and the relationship of the United States to that continent (Mar., July, 1963; Mar., 1964); the report of the Institute on Constitutional Democracy and Totalitarianism at East Carolina College (Dec., 1963); indebtedness of Shaw University and the ineptitude of its board of directors (Jan., 1964); the controversy surrounding the replacement of the director of the state's advertising agency (Jan., Feb., 1964); the meaning of the Monroe Doctrine and the need to rid South America of Communism (Apr. 6, 24, 1964); W. Kerr Scott's stand on the issue of road bonds before and after the 1948 election (June, 1964); negative aspects of President Duvalier of Haiti (July, 1964); the Z. Smith Reynolds Foundation's contribution to the Venereal Disease Education Institute (Nov., 1964); criticism and defense of Harry Truman for involving the United States in the Korean War (Nov., 1964); a replacement for the Panama Canal (Jan., 1965); a proposal for letter the Vietnamese people decide whether United States troops should remain there (Mar., 1966); aspects of Pakistan, including Ford Foundation work there and the war with India (Apr., 1966); food, sights, artists, and other aspects of Moscow (Apr., 1966); Congressman C. B. Deane's proposal to write a memoir and his recollection of Democratic party politics in N.C. in 1948 (Sept., 1966); and Waynick's receipt of the North Carolina and UNC Distinguished Alumnus awards (May, 1971; May, 1972).
Waynick's typescript memoir, "Some Things I Remember," and shorthand pads from which it was typed discuss most aspects of his life prior to the 1960s, although some portions of the memoir appear to be missing. Topics of particular interest include Greensboro at the turn of the century; life at the University of North Carolina (c. 1908-1909); politics; the General Assembly of 1933 and tax legislation; the Venereal Disease Education Institute; the National Re-employment Service; the State Highway Commission; Nicaragua and Anastasio Somoza; Colombia; Point IV; the Governor's Small Industries Plan; J. L. Jones Company arbitration; and Waynick's tenure as adjutant general.
In addition to clippings of Waynick's column in the High Point Enterprise, "Waynick's Wayside View" (1960s), this series contains newspaper clippings from throughout Waynick's career.
A file of miscellaneous photographs includes views of Waynick during young manhood and throughout his career. Also in the file are photographs of Joseph Melville Broughton and Josiah William Bailey.
Miscellaneous material in the collection includes a catalogue of the Waynicks' library, biographical sketches of Waynick, a List and Directory of the 81st Division, U.S. Army (1923); Waynick's appointment calendar for 1964; a poem and article by May Thompson Evans; a speech by Adlai Stevenson (Dec., 1952); a speech by A. J. Maxwell, "Governmental Re-Organization" (1933); and a copy of the yearbook of the Woman's Club of Raleigh (1932-1933) dedicated to Frances Renfrow Doak.
The oversize file contains photographs of Charles Manly Stedman and "Piedrecitas," the U.S. Ambassador's home near Managua; a series of issues of the High Point Enterprise (1932) reflecting the hosiery mills strike and settlement (July 18-31; Aug. 7); and a newspaper article discussing the agreement between the J. L. Jones Construction Company and CEL (Sept., 1956).
The map file contains a reprint of Mouzon's map of North and South Carolina (1775); Johnson's Central America (1863?); and a plate from the 1779 edition of Antonio Zatta's Atlante Novissimo . . . Geografi . . . , "Il Maryland, il Jersey Meridionale, la Delaware, e la Parte Orientale della Virginia, e Carolina Settentrionale."
The following terms have been used to index the description of this collection in the Reading Room's card catalog. This system is no longer maintained, but it is left in place to help on-site researchers locate particular topics in the collection.
Images below are listed alphabetically by subject. This list reflects only those portions of the collection for which negatives have been prepared.AGRICULTURE— II-19
Online access to this finding aid is supported with funds created through the federal Library Services and Technology Act (LSTA). These funds come through a grant from the Institute of Museum and Library Services which is administered by the State Library of North Carolina, a division of the North Carolina Department of Cultural Resources. This grant is part of the North Carolina ECHO, Exploring Cultural Heritage Online, Digitization Grant Program.