Carson Abel Roberts Papers

Manuscript Collection #321
Roberts, Carson Abel, 1905-1983
Physical description
1 Cubic Feet, 222 items , consisting of course notes, handouts, maps, overlays, and manuals.
Preferred Citation
Carson Abel Roberts Papers (#321), East Carolina Manuscript Collection, J. Y. Joyner Library, East Carolina University, Greenville, North Carolina, USA.
ECU Manuscript Collection
No restrictions

Papers (1939-1949) of a U. S. Marine Corps aviator in the 4th Marine Aircraft Wing, and later rose to Lt. General in command of the Pacific Fleet Marine Force, 1962, consisting of course notes, handouts, maps, overlays, manuals, logistical data, exercises, military events.

Biographical/historical information

Carson Abel Roberts was born in Lancaster, Wisconsin, in 1905. He received his Bachelor of Philosophy degree from the University of Wisconsin in 1929, and in that same year he was appointed a 2nd Lieutenant in the United States Marine Corps. During World War II Roberts served as Operations officer in the 4th Marine Aircraft Wing. After the war he entered the Command and General Staff College at Ft. Leavenworth, Kansas, graduating in 1947. He next became Chief of Aviation Section of the Marine Corps schools and in 1949 became assistant chief of staff for the Marine Air Reserve Training Command at Glenview, Illinois. During the Korean Conflict, Roberts served as deputy chief of staff, then was promoted to chief of staff of the 1st Marine Aircraft Command. Roberts was promoted to Lt. General and became commanding general of the Pacific Fleet Marine Force in 1962.

Scope and arrangement

The collection consists mainly of course material used by Roberts while he was in the Command and General Staff College. Course work is divided into three major schools: School of Combined Arms, School of Intelligence, and School of Logistics; and generally gives an overview of the subject, example situations, exercises, and questions.

Sample courses in the School of Combined Arms include: map reading, signal communications, protection against air attack, domestic disturbances, civil defense, and air defense. The course, attack of an island, contains the complete field orders, plans, and reports of the 7th Infantry Division in the 1944 attack on the Marshall Islands (Operation Flintlock). Another course details the historical situation involving the German counteroffensive in the Ardennes (December 1944 - January 1945). Course work in the School of Intelligence files include class notes, handouts, questions, and sample situations on various topics, including: prisoners of war, technical intelligence, interpretation of information, and security. The School of Logistics files contain course notes on topics concerning suppliers, casualty evacuation, and sanitation.

Also included in the collection are miscellaneous course schedules and programs, and manuals and drafts of manuals. Logistical Data for Staff Planners includes tables and charts required for logistical purposes. Drafts of a manual entitled Organization and Functions of a Joint Air Staff by Carson Roberts presents the functions of a joint air command and the major problems of coordination during military operations in the Central Pacific during 1944. Other manuals include Military Railroads and the Military Railway Service (1944), The Defense of Advanced Naval Bases (1948), Service Chemicals (1939), and Amphibious Command Post Exercises (May 1949).

The oversized folder contains maps of parts of Japan, France, Belgium, and the Southwest Pacific, and numerous map overlays and large handouts used in courses at the Command and General Staff college.

Administrative information
Custodial History

December 6, 1976, ca. 250 items; Reports, maps, overlays, course notes, and miscellaneous Marine Corps material. Gift of Lt. General Carson A. Roberts, Whispering Pines, N.C.

Source of acquisition

Gift of Lt. General Carson A. Roberts

Processing information

Processed by V. Jones, September 1991

Encoded by Apex Data Services

Copyright notice

Literary rights to specific documents are retained by the authors or their descendants in accordance with U.S. copyright law.

Key terms
Personal Names
Roberts, Carson Abel, 1905-1983
Corporate Names
Command and General Staff College (U.S.)
United States. Marine Corps--Officers
Ardennes, Battle of the, 1944-1945
Operation Flintlock, 1944
World War, 1939-1945--Logistics

Container list
Box 1 Folder a School of Combined Arms Phases I, III
Box 1 Folder b School of Combined Arms Phases IV, V
Box 1 Folder c School of Combined Arms Phase V
Box 1 Folder d School of Combined Arms Operation Flintlock
Box 1 Folder e School of Intelligence Phases I, II, III
Box 1 Folder f School of Intelligence
Box 1 Folder g School of Logistics Phase II
Box 2 Folder b School of Logistics Phase III
Box 2 Folder c Manuals, Logistical data for Staff Planners (Draft)
Box 2 Folder d Manuals, Organization and Functions of a Joint Air Staff (Draft)
Box 2 Folder e Course Schedules & Programs 1946 - 1947
Box 2 Folder f Manuals, Amphibious Command Post Exercise, May 1949
Box 2 Folder g Manuals
Folder os1 Maps, Map Overlays, Oversized Course Handouts