John C. Fennell Papers

1790, 1837-1864
Manuscript Collection #247
Fennell, John C., d. 1862
Physical description
0.073 Cubic Feet, 44 items , correspondence and miscellaneous.
Preferred Citation
John C. Fennell Papers (#247), East Carolina Manuscript Collection, J. Y. Joyner Library, East Carolina University, Greenville, North Carolina, USA.
ECU Manuscript Collection
No restrictions

Papers (1790, 1837-1864) consisting of correspondence by John C. Fennell who served in the Confederate Army during the Civil War, was stationed at Camp Heath near Scotts Hill on Topsail Sound, and died (1862) during the yellow fever epidemic in Wilmington, North Carolina. Also includes financial papers, poem, and letters of the Cromartie family of Bladen County, N.C.

Biographical/historical information

John C. Fennell of Duplin County, N.C., enlisted in the Confederate Army on October 1, 1861, at the age of 18. He was stationed at Camp Heath near Scotts Hill on Topsail Sound and remained there until his death of yellow fever in November, 1862.

Scope and arrangement

Of major significance is correspondence (1861-1862) commenting on the yellow fever epidemic in Wilmington, Union troop movements south of New Bern, the capture of loyal Negroes by Union troops, harassment of the civilian population, and blockade running along the coast.

Many of the letters are devoted primarily to a description of routine camp life in a Confederate coastal camp. Topics discussed include measurement for a uniform, expected pay, picket duty, lack of furloughs, camp routine, clothing, army food, conscription, officers, boredom, sickness, and efforts of ministers in the camp.

Also included are a series of letters (1837-1860) of the Cromartie family of Bladen County, N.C. Included in this group is a description (1837) of the courses taught in a Bladen County school and an account (1837) of a trip to Philadelphia. The latter correspondence comments on stagecoach and steamboat travel, a visit in Baltimore, and church attendance. Miscellaneous items include financial papers and a poem about North Carolina.

Administrative information
Custodial History

December 4, 1973, 44 items, Duplin County letters (1790, 1837-1864). Loaned for copying by Mr. Claude H. Moore, Turkey, N.C.

Source of acquisition

Loaned by Mr. Claude H. Moore

Processing information

Processed by D. Lennon

Encoded by Apex Data Services

Copyright notice

Literary rights to specific documents are retained by the authors or their descendants in accordance with U.S. copyright law.

Key terms
Personal Names
Fennell, John C., -1862
Family Names
Cromartie family
Private schools--North Carolina--Bladen County
Yellow fever--North Carolina--Wilmington
Baltimore (Md.)--Description and travel
Camp Heath (N.C.)
New Bern (N.C.)--History, Military--19th century
North Carolina--History--Civil War, 1861-1865
Philadelphia (Pa.)--Description and travel
United States--History--Civil War, 1861-1865--Blockades
United States--History--Civil War, 1861-1865--Equipment and supplies
United States--History--Civil War, 1861-1865--Social aspects